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4ee fo^e 2? — 

Vol. xci 

January 4, 1969 

No. 1 



Editor of Publicatdons Rev. Spencer Gemtle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society 

Mrs. Cliarlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization 

Mr. Floyd Benshoff 

Missionary Boatxi Mrs. Marion M, Mellinger 

Sisterhood Miss Kathy Miller 

Board of Ohristian Education: 

Youth Commission Miss Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 


524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7374 

Terms of Subscription: 

$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special raite, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Conunittee: 

Elton Whitted, President; Riohai-d Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

\n This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "Loser of the Day" 3 

The Board of Christian Education 4 

The Missionary Board 7 

"Paradise Regained" 

by Rev. R. Glen Traver 10 

"Religion in Review" 

by Norman B. Rohrer 14 

"Love's Description" 

l)y Rev. Kent Bennett 16 

News from the Brethren 20 

Report of Chiu-ches 21 

"SDS Is Alive and Doing Well" 24 

The Brethren Layman 25 

"Finding the Boat into HistO'ry's Mainstream — 
a Report on the Conference of Historic 
Peace Churches" 
by Maynard Shelly 28 

World Religious News in Review 30 



AS OF JANUARY 1, 1969, Mrs. George 
(Jessie) Solomon has resigned her po- 
sition as clerk in tlie bookstore. Since May of 
1967 Mrs. Solomon has worked in the store 
and was in charge of the Sunday school or- 
ders from the local churches. 

To take her place, Mrs. Spencer (Eleanor) 
Gentle has been hired. She has been work-: 
ing in the store since December 1, 1968, and' 
is becoming well acquainted with the work. 
She assisted in mailing out the Sunday school 
orders for the present quai-ter, thus becom- 
ing acquainted with the stock room and the 
code numbers of the material. Mrs. Gentle 
has worked part time for the past few years 
in the print shop mailing out The Brethren i 
EvangeUst and the adult quarterlies. 


Sometimes I feel inclined to boast, 

"I'm really pretty good. 
I tiy to treat my fellowmen 

The way a Christian should. 

"I love my neighbor as myself. 

I serve the living God. 
I walk the paths where Jesus' feet 

With painful steps have trod. 

"I really Jiaven't many faults. 

And what I have are small," 
I swell my chest and in my pride 

I'm feeling ten feet tall. 

And then I take another look 

Down deep withm my heart, 
I see haw much I've fallen short; 

How far I've missed the mark. 

My i-ighteousness? As fUthy rags, 

When seen in God's pure light. 
I've such a long, long way to go. 

Lord, help me w'm the fight, 

Norman McPherson 

January 4, 1969 

Page Thre« 



''Loser of the ©i 


T^HE LOSER of the day is Mrs. Madalyn E. 
*■ Mayes Murray O'Hair. Coming- in to the of- 
fice tliis morning we were listening to a Detroit, 
Michigan, radio program whose announcer always 
names the "loser for the day." Today Mrs. O'Hair 
was given the honor. 

Mrs. O'Hair was disturbed because the Astro- 
nauts, as they orbited the moon, read such "drib- 
ble from Genesis." She bemoaned the fact that 
we citizens paid millions of dollai-s for this great 
ichievement then had to be insulted by having 
this "dribble" read. She was disgusted to think 
that these men would give glory to a "non-existing 
jod" instead of to the technicians who, because 
jf their intelligence, conceived and created the ma- 
chine that orbited the moon. She was asking that 
etters of protest be written to the space agency 
xnd to congressmen. 

The announcer on the radio station commented 
;hat these men were not 011 the earth and there- 
fore they had the privilege to read what they de- 
sired, and certainly the Scripture which they read 
ivas most appropriate for the occasion. In an- 
louncing Mrs. O'Hair as the "loser of the day" he 
ilso said: "boo to you, Mrs. O'Hair!" 

This woman is the loser because she refuses to 
•ecognize certain realities of life. 

First of all, regai'dless of what she has to say, 
:he Word of God will stand through eternity. The 
A'ords which these Astronauts read have always 
Deen true and they will continue to be true 

throughout eternity. This is a fact of life and 
those who do not believe it will he the losers I 

Second, God created man and He is the One 
who gave man the intelligence to discover the 
laws of the universe to use them for his own good. 
And let it be said that God allows these "miracles 
of invention" as He pleases, not at man's time- 
table. There are those who feel that we should 
not attempt going to the moon and they even find 
reason in the Scripture for this belief. We Chris- 
tians should remember that God will allow us to 
get to the moon if in His wisdom and in His plan 
for us He desires it. If not, man will never make 
it there! All of this is in God's hands. Tliose who 
do not believe this are the losers! 

Third, we should be most thankful that we have 
such men as the Astronauts who believe in God! 
lAIen who believe that God did create the universe 
and who can see the handiwork of God's hands as 
tiiey soar around the moon! These men ai-e the 
winners ! 

As this is being written news has come that the 
Astronauts have landed safely; how thankful we 
should be that God has answered our prayers in 
their behalf! The reality of answered prayers is 
something else that Mrs. O'Hair cannot accept as 
a reality of life. Again, she is the loser! 

As Christians we should grieve for the soul of 
this woman ! Let us remember her in our prayers, 
often ! 

Page I "our 

The Brethren Evangelist 



The New Arizona Brethren 
(ABC) Camp 

The 1968-69 National Brethren Youth Project — "Cash fm- Camp" — 
in well uiiderioay. Many youth groups are hard at work raising the\ 
$14,000 fjual for this project. Below is an histo7ic account of the ABC. 
Camp decelopinent. In fulure issues !Jou ivill see pictures and accountsi 

of the new camp site. j 

October, 1966 — The ABC "District" Camp Committee, 
composed of members from the Tempe (Papago Park) 
and Tucson Brethren Churches, discussed the need of 
better facilities for the growing number of campers, es- 
pecially in the Junior and Junior High age groups. The 
High School youth love the climate and beauty of the 
mountain scenery, the old barn where activities are held 
during tlie seasonal rains, and the rushing sound of the 
deep-banked creek that flows right through the camp 
in back of the cabins. However, the creek poses a prob- 
lem of how to keep the Juniors out of the ditch. The 
clear flowing waters through, over and aroiund the stones, 
and the small fish are a natural temptation that capture 
the imagination, especially of boys! Too many sore 
throats result from the accidental (?) dunkings, besides 
the cool, rainy evenings. Nurse Bai-bara Craft is swamp- 
ed with caretaking of temporai-y invalids. 

February 5, 1967 — A report had been given stating 
that in the fall of 1966 several members of the ABC 
Camp Committee and interested persons had investigated 
several leads concerning possible campsites. One place 
seemed particularly atti-active; a ti^act of hilly, ixicky 
land, covered with beautiful scrub oak trees near a 
newly-developed lake area, was available for lease from 
the government. A committee was appointed to investi- 

June 35, 1967 - - A report on an initial investigation 
of the government property (65 miles south of Tucson) 
near Parker Canyon Lake revealed that 5 to 10 acres 
of land was available on an indefinite time lease plan. 
The government would help develop the area for camp 
use if we pro\ide the buildings and access road. It looked 
a little discouraging because of the Umited amount of 
land. Also, I'eports indicated that the Federal Go\'ern- 
ment had issued 99-year conti-acts to other organizations, 
then later issued eviction notices, giving ten years to 
evacuate the area. This we didn't want to happen to us! 
What about the buildings, etc.? 

September, 1967 — The ABC Camp Committee gener- 
ally agreed that the solution to our problem would be the 
acquisition of our own property to develop as we see our 
needs increase. Some properties were discussed, and 
picture slides were shown of the areas under discussion. 
iVIore definite ideas were needed, and it was moved to 
proceed with this plan, and bring back future reports 
with more specific plans for acquiring a property. 

February H, 1968 — Bailey Battiste, chairman of the 
investigating committee, reported that a property near 
Patagonia was for sale. It was a 25 acre plot of ground, 
fenced in, a 200 foot well hole (without water) had been 
abandoned on the property. A very beautiful piece of 
land, for sale tor $7,000. This was for 20 acres, leaving 
5 acres for the owner's own use. i 

Seven-Man Backing Group, and a Private Lender. After 
an individual offered to lend $8,000 for the purchase of 
the campsite and finish drilling a well on the site, seven; 
men from the Tucson Brethren Church banded together 
to back the pix>ject of buying the property, guaranteeing- 
the annual interest on the loan, and finishing the drilling 
for water. The property was immediately purchased 
( March, 19(38) the owTier lowering his price to $6,750 
and throwing in the entire 25 acres. Tiiis we understoo<: 
as the blessing and approval of the project by the Lord 
himself! In faith, we took on the wonderful project an( 
reix»rted at our Third Annual Arizona Conference neai 
Casa Grande, in April, 1968, that the property had beer! 
purchased. By camp time, 1968, water had been fount 
on the property at 350 feet. The bill for drilling came tc 
$3,550. This meant we needed more money, even to paj 
the balance, and some extra cash for operating. (W(' 
camped, as in previous years, in 1968 at our familial 
campgrounds near Kohls Ranch, Arizona.) 


The 1969 BYC Conference Project was adopted: at 
tempt to raise $14,000 for the ABC Camp! The new,' 
thrilled and amazed leaders of the ABC Camp! Thin 
amount would offset our present investment and bu;i 
equipment to start developing the camp! It might evei 
help erect the first basic building!! We could have hope< 
for such a project maybe in the future — not even tha 
much! — but for 1969! Another blessing of the Lon 
and sign of His approval! Brethren Youth, you hav 
no idea how much you have entered the project of deve'i 
oping Arizona Brethren Oamp, tx> say nothing of aidtn.i 
the Southwest District Conference! (We still say it i) 

— Submitted by Clarence StogsdU; 
Pastor, Tucson Brethren Chui"Ch, an 
Conference Moderator (Southwest), 196' 
December 12, 196' 

January 4, 1969 

Page Five 


The staff has fellowship "after hours" — 
1965 — In the "kitchen." L to R: Duane 
Dickson, Jan Sayman, Clara Flory, 
Lawrence Parker, Helen Dickson, Barbara 
Craft, Barbara Dillon, Esther Parker, 
Clarence Stogsdill, Iris McKinney. 

Jasper Price (Tempe) lights cook stove 
fire for heat in a rustic cabin — 
ABC Camp — observed by Mark Berkshire 
July, 1964 

Bill Craft and Scott McKinney with their 
catch from the creek. Taken Mt. Meadow 
Ranch — ABC Camp — near Payson, 
Arizona, July, 1962. 

A silly skit, put on by faculty in the 
old barn — ABC Camp— 1964. 
Note amazed campers! 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

We furnish our own light — gas lantern — 

near the Headquarters building, being lighted by 

Fred Burkey, July, 1967. Two campers 

are supervising 


Goals are measuring sticks 

. . . How is your youth group measuring up? The 1968- 
69 National Youth Goals are as follows: 
*1. Each local B.Y.C. group send in one annual offer- 
ing to help support the work of the National Of- 
fice. This offering should by the end of the year, 
at least equal or surpass one dollar per member — 
10 poimts 
*2. At least one B.Y.C. delegate to: 

A. National Conference — 5 points 

B. All state and district functions (camps, ral- 
lies, retreats, conferences, etc.) — 5 points 

3. Reports to your church by those attending sum- 
mer camp, district and national conferences — 10 

4. At least one public service per year. iPreferablj' 
on Youth Sunday in May) — 10 points 

*5. Each group maintain attendance at a weelcly pray- 
er meeting and Bible study — 10 points 
Each group participating in the National B.Y. Pro- 
ject and setting a percentage of the National Goal 
to be raised by that group — 10 points 
A report of your activities sent in to National 
B.Y.C. at least three times a year (including pic- 
tures when possible) and the statisitioal Report by 
July 1 — 10 points 

■8. Evei-y B.Y.C. member in your local group carrying 

a B.Y.C. membership card — 5 points 
9. Group participation in these projects: 

A. Joint meeting preferably with other B.Y.C. 
groups — 5 points 

B. B.Y.C. Visitation Program — 5 points 

C. Benevolent work within your local churcli or 
city — 5 points 

*10. Learn the Brethren Youth (Ttovenant by having your 
B.Y.C. pray it together regularly, and by devoting 
at least one meeting in the month of October in 
study and analysis of Covenant — 10 points 

'Banner Society Meet 80 out of 100 points 



*Honor Society Meet all 100 points 

'■'Indicates changes in goals since last year 

... and speaking of Goals . . . 

. . . How is your local goal for the National Project com- 
ing? Many groups are working enthusiastically and well 
to accomplish our $14,000 goal to help the Souithwestern 
District purchase and equip their camp. 

The people of Arizona have been camping for several 
years in rented facilities and have called their camp ABC 
(Arizona Brethren Camp). RecenUy the opportunity pre- 
sented itself for this newest Brethi-en (Dliurch district to 
purchase their own camp and in faith they began this 

When the project idea of helping this camp was pre- 
sented to the youth delegates at the August Conference, 
they immediately saw the challenge of helping train, 
convert and challenge young people in the years ahead 
through the camp effort. 

Promotional pieces are now being prepared that will be 
comhig to each church soon. Watch for them and more 
information in the Evangelist in the weeks ahead. You 
will see for yourself what the camp area looks like and 
the need wUl be presented. 

Remember, our Project motto this year is: 

Januarj' 4, 1969 

Page Seven 


IRetA. 70ci£ceifft ^ccrtcd 

' I 'HE national workers and missionaries 
1 in Argentina have long known the 
value of tent campaigns and evangelisitic 
outreach in plazas and parks. In the 
churches the Gospel falls mostly on the 
ears of the Christian. Evangelism cam- 
paigns in the open offer a personail confron- 
tation presenting the claims of Christ. 
However, the equipment used and the pro- 
cedure was not all entirely satisfactory 
and in late 1967 plans were drawn for an 
Audio-Visual Trailer to be built to specifi- 
cations to handle these campaigns in the 

This was planned to be a two-wheel 
aluminum trailer of approximately 9 feet 
long and 5% feet wide with all equipment 
self-contained and room for li\ing quarters 
for the evangelists traveling witli the unit. 

Previously it was necessary for the e\-an- 
gelists to sleep in the tents and it was 
most inconvenient to pack up clothing be- 
fore meetings and turn the tent into a 
proper meeting place. If it rained the tent 
had to be lowered and many times clothes 
and equipment got wet. It was determined 
that with a trailer they would ha\-e living 
and sleeping quarters and a place to keep 
their clothing in good shape to be present- 
able for the meetings. Also, the equipment 
could be kept clean and dry. 

A gasoline generator is used to supply 
the light for the tent and due to the noise 
O'f the generator it had to be located a 
good distance from the tent. Also, the 
generator could not be left out at night 
and had to be carted to and fi-o. With the 
trailer it was decided to build the genera- 
tor into a compartment on the side to pro- 
\'ide power for the projector and the lights, 

with only a cable running from the trailer 
to the tent. In another compartment there 
would be a storage battery for the ampli- 

The permanent moiuiting for the elec- 
tronic equipment used, such as the amplifi- 
er, projectors and tape recorder, would 
l<eep them much cleaner and in better 
condition than when having to mof^-e them 
about so much of the time. 

The Signal Lights organization of The 
Brethren Church had the Audio-Visual 
Trailer for theii- 1967-1968 project and 
along with some contributions from Dail\- 
Vacation Bible Schools, $1070 was foi-ward- 
ed to Argentina. Recently the Tiosa, Indi- 

Crowds such as these are present at the various 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Evangelistic Mobile Equipment is the official 
name for the Audio Visual Trailer 

ana, Ohurcdi advanced project fluids in the 
amount of $500, also, for this trailer. 

The national church of Argentina took 
the responsibility of paying for the chassis, 
frame and outside shell of the trailer and 
tlie Argentine National Women's Society 
raised funds to provide the amplifiers, 
speakers and microphone. The money from 
the Signal Lights was to outfit the trailer 
with gas sto\-e, chemical toUet, water tank, 
interior walls, beds and cabinets as well 
as the transfoi-mers and lighting system 
used for the meetings. 

All of this became a reality when in the 
month of August this new equipment for 
e\-angelistic work was put to use. The of- 
ficial name for this is E.M.E, or Evangelis- 
tic Mobile Equipment. During the month of 
August, tills new audio-visual aid was used 
in the Rosario area. During use the rear 
door of the trailer, hinged at the bottom, 
lets down to be used for a ramp for load- 
ing and unloading equipment or stays in a 
platform position to hold the speaker giv- 
ing the message. 

In September, meetings of film showings 
and evangelistic messages were presented 
in small villages seldom reached with the 
salvation message — little vUlages such as 
Venado Tuerto and Firmat. Many were 
touched by the message. In September and 
October, many hundreds of people attended 
e\'angelistic campaigns in which the tent 
and the new sound trailer and equipment 
were used. 

The little community of Soldini had the 
first opportunity to use these new facilities. 
Films and spiritual messages were used 
two nights. Pastor Tomas Mulder reports 
that many from the small village remained 

after the sei-vices to speak to the evangel- 
ist and one of these later accepted Christ 
as his Lord and is attending the local 
church. Many of our pastors availed them- 
selves of new equipment with good reports 
from all. 

Pastor Juan Arregin of the Colon Church, 
in giving testimony to his e.xperiences in 
the use of the new equipment, states that 
in four meetings, 916 people were reached. 
Three hundred of these were high school 

"With respect to the campaign itself, I 
must say that it has been a wonderful ex- 
Iierience and a great blessing in my life. 
First of all. the appearance of the sound 
trailer adone attracts attention and is an 
effective medium of presenting the Gospel. 
I believe it is equipment which God has 
placed in our hands for touching many 
souls with the message of salvation and 
that even if iwe do not see immediate re- 
sults, we have made contact with people 
who have manifested interest and the Lord 
wUI perform the work in their hearts. With 
respect to the campaign in the city of 
Colon, one man who came to see the fiim 
and for the first time had heard the Gos- 
pel, confessed Christ as Savior the follow- 
ing Sunday. 

"We are able to say that the film pre- 
sentation awoke in him a desire to know- 
that which God wanted to tell him and 
after know-ing something more of the love 
of God (from the message) he decided to 
accept Christ as his Savior. Without doubt 
we will experience like results in the other 
places we have been — places such as 
Maria Teresa and Firmat. 

Campaign at Villa Constitucion showing the trail- 
er with loud speakers thereon. 

Jiiniiary 4, 1969 

Page Nine 

"Now, it ought to be the task of the 
church to pray for these souls who have 
been reached with the message of sa]\'a- 
tion." (Juan Arregin, Testigo Fiel, Octo- 
ber issue). 

The new sound equipment on wheels is 
a symbol of the Argentine Brethren 
Church. It is indeed a church on the move 
for our Lord Jesus Christ. The national 
worker and his fraternal companion, the 
missionary, covet your prayers as we enter 
a new year with the purpose of reaching 
new souls for Christ our Lord. 

Campaign in Beinal with tent and Audio-Visual 
Trailer. Pastor and Mrs. Anton at the gate. The 
tent was set up in a lot of an annex of the Beriial 

Film showing in the tent at A'illa Constitucion 


In lo\ing memory of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Fred 
Ramseyer, Mr. Floyd E. Ramseyer of Smithville, 
Ohio contributed a gift of $200 to the Lost Creek 
mission work. 

An annual memorial of $10.00 was given to the 
KryiDton Mission in memory of Reverend Joseph I. 
Hall by his daughter, Mrs. Lula Hall Poffenberger, 
Williamsport, Pennsylvania. 

Two \'ery fine Christian ladies, Mrs. May Bissett 
and Mrs. Sue Bowman were remembered with a 
memorial gift of $20.00 to World Missions from the 
Woman's Missionary Society of New Lebanon. 

A. J. and Pearl R. Dimcan were remembered by 
their daughter, Miss Lilly P. Duncan, Fayetteville, 
W. Virginia, with a memorial of $25.00 to World 

A memorial in the amount of $290.94 was sent to 
the Mlssicnary Board in honor of Florence Cleaver 
of the Falls City, Nebraska Church for her many 
years of service in the Loird's work there. At the 
time the memorial was received, she was residing in 
a nursing home. 

Your loved one's name wUI be perpetuated at the Mis- 
sionaiy Board and his witness wiU live on through our 
continuing ministry in missions. 

Note: When a Memorial Gift is received along with the 
name of the nearest relative, a memorial card 
will he sent to the family in your name. 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Revelation 22:1-21 



CHAPTER 22 actually Is a continuation of John's 
■ vision of the new Jerusalem, begiui in tihe previous 
chapter (note; the original Greek does not have chapter 
or verse divisions). The main emphasis of both chapters 
is the eternal state and status of all God's redeemed, de- 
scribed foi' us in more Old Testament prophetical image- 
ry. Again, we would want to emphasize the right of 
each one to decide for himself Whether this imager.\' 
should be interpreted literally or symbolically. It seems 
to this writer, that symbolical interpretation — which 
seel<s for spiritual truth from verbal word-piotures — 
best fits John's total Revelation pattern. While we would 
respect those who disagree with this approach, we would 
also ask for their Charity towards those who see other- 
wise. Certainly, in the realm of prophetical interpreta- 
tion, there would be no room for petty dogmatism or 
bigotry ! 

Whate\-er our method of interpretation, we need to 
note carefully the close proximity between the images 
making up Uiis last vision of eternity and those images 
making up our first glimpse of human histoi-y, as record- 
ed in Genesis. The story of God and man begins in a gar- 
den — and, here in Revelation, tliat stoiy is pictured as 
ending also in a garden (actually, it is a beginning i-a.tli- 
er than an ending). In tlie begimiing, it was tlie garden 
of Eden (Genesis 1-3) — now we find it the heavenly 
garden, the eternal city of God — the new Jerusalem. 
Betw'een the beginning and the ending of the stoi-y of 
God's deaUngs with man, we liave the account of man's 
creation and fall, his expulsion from the garden of Eden, 
his continual search for spiritual restoration and renew- 
al, and the answer through Christ and His cross. Man's 
sin — cmd its consequence ( viz, physical and spiritual 
deatli) — appear as but an unnecessary parenthesis be- 
tween God's original intention for man (viz, eternal 
fellowship and communion with the divine) and the ul- 
timate consimunation of this intent (to be discovered 
and enjoyed now only by those wlio accept His redemp- 
tion through Christ). 

Our main concern, in our study of this lasit chapter of 
Revelation, will center upon this eternal Paradise of 
God — its physical description of the spiritual truths 
such is meant to convey. We may differ as to the inter- 
pretation of many of these symbols, but there is one 
thing we can all agree upon — Ciod certainly has pre- 
pared for His own an eternity worth all that it miglit 
cost us, in this life, to gain. This last chapter of the 
Bible accentuates this truth in language clear and strong. 
In the words of John Milton's famous epics, in Genesis 

1-3 we have the story of Paradise Lost, and Ixere in Rev- 
elation 22, we liave the picture of Paradise Regained. 
Tile Paradise described. 

Verse 1 pictui-es for us eternal Ufe in terms of "a pure 
river of water of life, clear as ciystal." In the dry and 
hot lands of the East — where water is always at a 
premiimi — this synibolism of water as a flowing river 
would naturally suggest life, and the possibility of its 
continued existence. Se\'eral Old Testament prophets, 
as well as our Lord, also spoke of eternal Mfe in terms 
of water — living waters, or rivers of waiter (cf. Isa. 
55:1; Ezek. 47;l-7; Joel 3;18; Zeoh. 14;8; John 4;10-14, 

John sees tliis water as bemg "clear as ci-ystal," per- 
liaps implying that our identity with God as the very 
source of eternal life means also our identity with Him 
in a life of impeccable riglateousness and holiness. In 
verse 3, John writes; "And there shall be no more curse" 
(RSV; "There shall no more be any thing accursed"), 
which teUs us that (^d's people are to be (and will be) 
a holy people — "Holiness unto the Lord" is surely to 
be our eternal watchword and song! 

This river of living water is seen by John as also pro- 
ceeding out of the throne of Ckxl and the Lamb (lb). 
This identifies God and Christ together as the veiy 
source from wiiich our eternal life origmates (The Holy 
Spirit also impUed). Those who are eternally identified, 
in them shall have life, for, they are life (cf., Johji 14:6). 
The life which this river of water symbolizes, then, is 
divine life — and is for all who find their life in the 
triune (jod of heaven. 

Verse 2 pictures this river as flowing in the midst of' 
the street of the new Jerusalem, and being bordered on 
both sides by "the ti^ee of life." It lis not necessary for 
us to figure out this strange sight (i.e., a river flowing) 
down the middle of the street with one tree bordering, 
both sides), if we see it as a symbolism which seems to 
serve the purpose of adding emphasis to this truth con-i 
cei-ning the saint's possession of eternal life. There seems 
to be a direct allusion to the tree of life which was to be 
found in tlie gai'den of Eden, and to which Adam and 
Eve were deprived access tKCause of their sinful disobed- 
ience (cf.. Gen. 3:22-24). Here, In Revelation 22, this tree 
is now seen easily accessible to all the redeemed saints 
in gloiy. Tlius, in this one symbolism alone, we hajve a 
play on the general theme: Paradise Lost — Paradise!, 
Regained! That which Adam and Eve lost by being oastii 
out of the garden of Eden (viz, eternal life within thej 
circumference of conmiunion and fellowship with God),! 

January -t, 1969 

is now seen as restored eternally Uirough the saving 
efficacy of Christ — here described (in vei-se 1) as "the 

The further mention of this tree as bearing twelve 
kinds of fi-uit and yielding that fruit eveiy month, se«ms 
to re-emphasize the fact that this life which is ours in 
Christ, is a life boith comtinuous and unending. Also, the 
mention of the leaves of the tree as providing healing 
for the nations, implies that the eternal life which is 
ours in Clu-ist, vvUl meet every need — ye'a, in Him, 
there will be no further need or needs — only complete 
and constant satisfaction and bUss (cf.. Psalm 16:11; 
23:1, etc.). 

Verses 1 and 3 mention the throne of God and of the 
Lamb — wliich, iti the light of other such references (cf., 
chaptei'S 4, 5, 7, 14, ajid 19), suggest to us the sovereign 
rule and authority of the eternal ti-iune God. Tliis throne 
of God ajid the Lamb is here pictured as being hi the 
new Jerusalem and, thus, is meant to teach us tiiat all 
life and activity wUl forever centei" in tliem and that 
they shall be the veiy fooal-point of all worship and 
service (3b: "and his servants sliall serve him"). 

Some would recoiU at this thought of heaven being a 
place where we wiU have to perform an eternal sei-vice, 
but, in the words of John Walvoord: "What greater 
pi-ivilege can saints have in the eternal state than being 
servajits of the Lord? Who would want to be perpetu- 
ated in eternal idleness and uselessness? Even if the 
new Jerusalem were viewed here in its millennial sitate, 
those who are in the new Jerusalem are either resm-rect- 
ed or translated saints; and if it is fitting for them to 
be servants in such a situation in time, it is also fitting 
that they can be servants in eternity. This is a picture 
of blessedness in service rather than of arduous toU" 
(The Revelation o( Jesus Christ, p. 331). 

In tlie light of other Scriptures, liowever, we do not 
have to tliink of ourselves as mere servants of the triune 
God m heaven. Rather, our service wHl be that of chil- 
dren, or sons (cf., Romans 8:15-16; I John 3:1-2, etc.). 
This means that our eternal service wHl be bathed in 
filial love and affection which will make it a service of 
eternal joy and blessing. The fh-st pai-t of vei-se 3 may 
also serve as an allusion to the curse placed upon labor 
in the garden of Eden (cf.. Gen. 3:17-19), wliich now is 
seen as eternally lifted. In heaven, all of our labor will 
be sweet — because there will be no intrusion from 
evil and liostUe forces and, thus, all trial, test, tempta- 
tion and pain will be foa-ever banislied. 

The latter pai-t of verse 5 also tells us that we shall 
not only serve the ti-iune God ui Pai-adise (heaven), but 
we shall also share in His eternal reign. Again, this im- 
plies sonsliip rather than mere servitude. Some see this 
as prophetical of the IVIillennial reign with Clu-ist (wiliich 
would allow for a literal intei-pretation of our sharing 
together with Him in His eai-tWy rule over the peoples 
and natioris). Howevei-, the entire context seems to be 
dealing witli eternity proper, rather than merely with the 
Millemiiimi. The imagery of both sei-ving and reigning 
may seem, on the siui'ace, to be mcongruous. However, 
in the light of Chi-ist's eternal triumph over all unright- 
eousness and sin — and the promise of Scripture that 
we shall share with Him in the same — service will lose 
Its bui-densome charaoteristics and take on tlie very 
semblance of a rule and reign. Barclay puts it very 
succinctly: "The vision ends with the promise that the 
people of God wUl reign for ever and ever. At last in 

Page Eleven 

His service, they will find their perfect freedom, and in 
perfect submission to Hmi they will find the only true 
royalty (The Revelation ol John, vol. 2, p. 285). 

The blessedness of both our service and our reign in 
eternity is pictured foa- us, in verses 4-5a where we are 
promised that we "shall see his face; and liis name shall 
be in (our) foreheads. And there shall be no night there; 
and (we) need no candle, neither light of the sun; for 
the Lord God giveth (us) light." Tiiis seems to suggest 

the most blessed fellowship and intimate commimion 

reminiscent of that known and enjoyed by Adam and 
Eve before the fall (cf., Gen. 3). The promise that we 
shall see His face reminds us of God's face bemg hidden 
from Moses on IVIoiunt Sinai (Ex. 34:20) and the promise 
of John, m his fh-Sit ei>isitle, that we shall see Him even as 
He is (I John 3:2). In heaven there shall be no separa- 
tion between God and His redeemed saints — only unin- 
terrupted communion, sweet and blessed. The mention of 
His name bemg upon our foreheads suggests our eternal 
lilceness to the divine — indeed, even our being stamped 
with His very image (I Joihn 3:2). Again we are remind- 
ed of the fall cf Adam and Eve, in the gai-den of Eden, 
which resulted in then- losmg both their intimate fellow- 
ship with God, and His moral and spu-itual image. In 
essence, then, John is telling us that, what Adam and 
Eve lost — through then- rebellion and sin — we shall 
liave eternally restored through oui- personal identity 
with CJod (through faith in Christ and His redemptive 
minis tiy). 

Verse 5 provides a most fitting close to this descrip- 
tion of Paradise regained, repeating once again the glor- 
ious Uuith first presented in 21:23-25. We ai-e again told 
"that there shall be no night there." Tliis could imply 
that the dai-kness of sin's night is now forever abolished 
through the light of Christ's glorious presence (cf., 
21:23b). However, more likely this is anoitlher way of 
saymg that, in Christ, Paradise will be made up of a 
new heaven and a new earth where there wiU be no 
need of created Ught (either that of God or man — of 
the sun or of a candle), because God himself, shall for- 
ever shine in us and through us, emanating His glory and 
Precious Paradise promises. 

There are several precious Pai-adise promises sprink- 
led throughout this chapter wliich deserve our brief at- 
tention. For instance, in verse 6a, John hears this angel 
which had transported him (m vision) to "a great and 
high mountain" (cf., 21:10) saying unto him: "These 
sayings are faithful and true." The reason for their 
bemg "faithful and tme," rests upon the fact that the 
One, Who is behind the declaration of tliese sayings, is 
Himself "faitlifiU and true" (cf., 1:5 and 3:14, where 
Jesus is declared to be the "faithful and true witness"). 
The Word of God ever stands or falls upon the very in- 
tegrity of Christ — and His stedfast cliai-acter. Because 
He can be ever depended upon (cf., John 14:6, where He 
declares Himself to be "truth"). His Word is sure — and 
thus, certain of fulfillment. 

The original Greek has the latter part of verse 6 de- 
scribe God as "the Lord God of the spirits of the proph- 
ets," which Barclay says, "means the God Who inspired 
the minds and the spirits of the prophets, the God Who 
spoke to and in the prophets." He continues: "This 
means that the messages and the words and the visions 
wliich came to John came from the same God Who in- 
spired the great prophets of the Old Testament, and 

I'iige Twelve 

The Brethren E\angfelist 

that they must l)c accepted as equally divine and treated 
with equal seriousness" (Ibid., p. 286), Thus, in this 
\-erse, we ha\-e the preciotis promise that these visions 
of John are wholly reliable because they are backed 
up both by JesuB, Who is the very source of all that is 
"faitliful and true," and by the Father Who also spoke 
through His prophets (cf., Rev. 1:1), 

The second promise in this chapter is that dealing with 
the sui-e and sudden coming of the Lord Jesus Christ 
(this promise repeated three times — Ta, 12, and 20). 
This is, in reality, a three-fold promise. First, our Lord 
(Who is now the speaker) promises that He will come — 
and that "quickly" (i.e., with lightning-like speed, and 
thus, probably referring to the rapture rather than the 
revelation). Second, He promises that His coming will 
result in blessing for aU who wUl keep (obey) "the say- 
ings (conimandmeratis) of the prophecy of this book" (7b). 
And, third, our Lord promises that He will rewai'd 
"every man accordmg as his work shall be" (12b). Leh- 
man Strauss makes the following relevant appUcation to 
this three-fold promise: "These last three prom;ise3 of 
Christ's return are connected with oiu- responsibiliity to 
obey the Word (22:7) with oiu: stewardsliip and rewai-d 
(22:12) and with our comfort and consolation (22:20). 
What a difference there would be in otu- individual lives, 
in our homes, and in oiu- churches if we held these facts 
before us daily" (The Book of the Kevehition, p. 361)! 

A third major promise, in this chapter, is foimd in 
verse 10 and comes in these most interesting words, "for 
the time is at hand." Walvoord says concerning this ex- 
pression, and the prohibition not to seal "the sayings of 
the prophecy of this book" (10a): "John is especially 
commanded not to seal the sayings of the prophecy be- 
cause the time (Greek, kairos), or proper season, is at 
hand (Greek, eggys) or neai-. The time period in which 
the tremendous cojisummation of the ages is to take 
place, accoirding to Jo'hn's instruction, is near. The in- 
determinate period assigned to the church is the last dis- 
pensation before end-time events and, in John's day as in 
ours, the end is always impending because of the im- 
minent return of Christ at tlie rapture with the ordered 
sequence of events to follow" (op. eit., p. 334). 

This prohibition, gi\-en to John, not to seal the sayings 
of the prophecy of Revelation, seems to be in direct con- 
trast to the admonition, given to Daniel, to do that \'ery 
thing (cf., Daniel 8:26 and 12:9). This prohibition, then, 
is another way to say that this present age is the age of 
actual finalization and fulfillment of aU God's plans and 
purposes for men. At the end of this age, all prabation 
and free will will come to an end, and we will, each one, 
stand before God to give a strict account of all our deeds 
performed in the flesh — and be judged accordingly 
(vs. 11-12). Barclay quotes the ancient commentator, An- 
dreas, as e.x]>laining Christ's words here as saying: "Let 
each man do what pleases him; I will not force his 
choice." Barclay then continues: "This may well be the 
meaning. Jesus Christ may well be saying: 'I use no 
compulsion; the only weapon I use is appeal; as a man 
chooses to make himself, so let him be; for only if he al- 
lows me to do so, can I remake him.' This, then, would 
be another of these warnings that eveiy man is writing 
his own destiny" (op. cit., p. 288). 

Wrapped up, then, hi this promise of Christ's imminent 
coming is the implied admonition for u's to prepare while 
we still have time, for, the time wUl come when it will 
be forever too late to change either our character or our 

eternal destiny. God, the righteous Judge, wUl ultimate- 
ly judge each and every one of us, and bless oi' damn us 
according to our works (which reflect our acceptance or 
rejection of Clu-ist and His claims upon our lives). Our 
Lord, here, both promise and warns that that time is 
vei"y neai-! 

One further promise is to be noted in verse 14, which 
guarantees blessing upon all "they that do his command- 
me;iits." AU the better manuscripts read "those who 
wash their robes," which places tlie main emphasis upon 
God's grace rather than man's works. Barclay, how- 
ever, shows deep insight when he comments on this 
phrase: "This plu-ase shows man's part in salvation. It 
is Jesus Christ Who in His Cross has pi-ovided that grace 
and that sacrifice by which man alone can be forgiven; 
but man has to appropriate that sacrifice; he has to wash 
his own robes, as John would put it, in the blood of Jesus 
Christ. To take a simple analogy, we can supply soap 
and water, but we cannot compel a person to use them. 
So those who enter into the city of God are those who 
have accepted and appropriated the sacrifice of Jesus 
Christ" (Ibid., p. 290). 

Those who are not so washed in the blood of Calvary's 
Lamb are again described for us, in verse 15, where we 
have a direct warning from Christ that all such shall 
be f oi'ever shut out of the eternal city — the very Para- 
dise of God (cf., also JMatt. 8:11-12 and 25:41, 46). Only 
those who wash their robes in ithe blood of Christ (i.e., 
appropriate, through faith, the merits of His death on 
the cross) shall ha\-e a right to the tree of life (eternal 
life) and shall find entrance into the city of God (i.e., 
enjoy eternal blessing and bliss). Again, these verses 
provide us with both a m^ost glorious promise and a most 
serious warnmg. 
Conditions for Paradise entrance. 

These pro-mises, studied in our second division of this 
chapter, suggest to us several conditions, or obligations, 
which we must both recognize and fulfill, if we Eire to be 
a part of this eternal Paradise of God. For instance, in 
verse 7, we have mentioned for us the obligation to keep 
"the sayings of the prophecy of this book." This seert^ 
to be another way of saying the same thing that is said 
in the KJV translation of 14a (i.e., "do his command- 
ments"), which wO'Uld most certainly mean (according to 
the better mss. readings) that we must "wash our robes" 
in Calvai-y's crimson fountain. Verse 7, however, proba- 
bly is alluding primarily to the sayings of Revelation 
which deal with our responsibility to keep ourselves sted- 
fast in Christ iiTespective our ti-ibulatioiis and sufferings 
in this life (cf., also 1:3; 2:10-11, 17, 25-26; 3:2-3, 5, 11-12, 
21, etc). 

Verses 8 and 9 imply a second condition of all those 
who would enter the Paradise of God — which is sum- 
mtu-ized for us, m 9b, in the words of the angel: "worship 
God," Tlie thought here is that only the triune God of 
heaven is worthy of our worship and adoration — and 
all of Ufe ought to be a living act of worshipful praise 
( the word for "worship" being in the aorist tense — here 
denoting a state or condition of being). 

The reason why God alone is worthy of all of our 
worship and praise is implied throughout this chapter in 
the \-arious attributes ascribed unto Him, That He is 
tlie triune God is implied in His title as God, Lamb, 
Jesus, and Spirit (1, 3, 5, 6, 16-21), That He is the God 
of sovereign authority and power is imphed in the desig- 
nation of both God the Father and God the Son as ■ 

January 4, 1969 

Page Thirteen 

"Lord" (5-6, ajid 20-211. Verse 13 speaJiS of Him as the 
"Alpha and Omega, the begimimg and the end, the first 
and the last." Here God is pictured for us as the origin- 
ation and the consummation of all things. In Him, and 
through Him, boith time and eternity find their e.xistence 
— as the \-eiy products of His eternal will and pui-pose. 
Barclay sees in this verse the symbol of "the complete- 
ness, the timelessness, and the authority of Jesus Christ" 
— which we would also ascribe to the Father and the 
Spirit (Ibid., p. 299). Verse 16 speaks primarily of the 
Jesus of history, in the light of His messianic e.xpeota- 
tions. However, even in this we find a direct implica- 
tion of the eternal Christ, the second member of the 
eternal Godhead. As "the root and offspring of David," 
He is both, the fulfiUment of ail messianic prophecy 
(cf., Isaiah 11:1) — and also the very eternal source 
("root") from vvliich David came (and the som-ce of all 
being). As "the bright and morning star," Christ is the 
very Light of the world (cf., John S;12) and the very 
source of all spiritual illimiination (through His Spirit). 
Certainly, such a (jod, as here described in tliis chapter, 
alone is worthy of our constant worship Emd praise — 
indeed, He will allow for no other! 

A third, and final condition for entrance into the Par- 
adise of God is to be noted from verses 18-19, which tells 
us that we must accept God's Word as it is — attempt- 
ing neitlier to add to or subti-act from its total message. 
Certainly we are cognizant of the fact that this condition 
refers primarily to the message of Revelation. However, 
Ck)d is jealous of His entire Word — from Genesis 
through Revelation — and it is to be accepted, believed, 
and obeyed as (iod opens it unto us through the divine 
instruction and illumination of His Holy Spirit, relating 
it to evei"y area of our heart and life. J. A. Seiss felt 
this most deeply when he wrote: "O, my friends, it is a 
feai'ful thing to suppres.s or stultify the word of God, and 
above all "the words of the prophecy of this Book." To 
put forth for ti-uth what is not the truth — to denounce 
as error, condemn, repudiate, or emasculate what God 
himself, hath set his seal to as his mind and purpose, is 
one of those high crimes, not only against Ciod, but 
against the souls of men, wliich cannot go unpunished. 
... If I ha\'e read into this Book anything which he has 
not put there, or read out of it anything which he has 
put there, with the profoundest sorrow would I recant, 
and willingly burn up the books in which such mis- 
chievous wickedness is contained. If I have in anything 
gone beyond the limits of due subjection to what is writ- 
ten, or curtailed in any way the depth and measure of 
what Jesus by his angel has signified for the learning of 
the (Churches. I need not the condemnation of men to 
heap upon me the burden of censure wlxich I deserv-e. If 
feebleness, or rashness, or overweening confide>nce in my 
own imderstanding has distorted anything, I can only 
deplore the fault, and pray God to send a man more 
competent to unfold to us the mighty trutlis which here 
stand written. ... If I err, God forgive me! If I am 
right, God bless my feeble testimony! In either case, 
God speed his everlasting truth" (The Apocalypse, p. 

What more could we add to such an e.vposition of 
these two verses! Surely we must join with Seiss in a 
most hearty "Amen," and pray that God will ever lead 
us aright as we meditate upon this and e\'ery book of 
His most holy Word. This is not only a condition for en- 

trance into the Paradise of God — it is a most blessed 
privilege and joy! 
In conclusion. 

As we bring this message to a close. v\'e wotdd point 
out three final thoughts from this chapter wliich help 
to add to its beauty and worth. First, we would look at 
the blessed invitation of verse 17 which comes, first, from 
the Spirit of God and from the bride of Christ (the re- 
deemed of all ages). This invitation beckons us to come 
(indisiduaUy) and to partake (cxperientially I of the wa- 
ter of life (eternally) — and to do so "freely." This, of 
course, is to be understood as a direct invitation to all 
men to come to Jesus Christ (the Fountain of living 
water! and to find in Him an answer for all the soul's 
thirst. Only in Him can such thirst be quenched, as 
beautifully expressed by the poet: 

O Christ, in Thee my soul hath fuiuid, 

And found in Thee alone. 
The peace, the joy, I sought so long. 

The bliss till now unknown. 

Xow none but Christ can satisfy. 

None other name for me! 
There's loi\-e, and life, and lasting joy. 

Lord Jesus foiuid in Thee. 

A second spiritual truth, from this closing section of 
the chapter, is also to be found in verse 17. where we 
read the admonition: "And let him that heareth say. 
Come." This admonition tells us that each and every one 
who has heard and responded to tiiis blessed in\'itation 
from the Spirit and the bride (to come to Christ) — 
and found in Him complete satisfaction of eveiy spiritual 
need — is held responsible to join in the sending foonth 
of this same message to all who have not yet heard or 
responded. This admonition tells us that we are all to be 
missionaries — we are all to be inv-oh^ed in the sending 
forth of the good news of salvation through Christ. In 
the words of William Barclay: "He who has received 
the invitation of Christ himself must pass on that invita- 
tion to others; he who has been found by Christ must 
find others for Christ; the invited must become the in- 
\iter and the found must become the finder" (op. c-it., 
p. 293). 

One other spiritual truth is to be noted in verse 20, 
where our Lord again declares that He wUl come, and 
John — speaking for the redeemed of all ages — responds 
with a most enthusiastic: "Even so, come, Lord Jesus!" 
Those who are truly saved — and thus prepared for life, 
death, the rapture, and eternity — need have no fear 
at the thought of Christ's coming (whenever or how- 
ever that coming may be). Indeed, the vei->' thought 
of His coming for His own should solicit from each of 
us this same kind of a response. When a soul is on con- 
stant watch, and thus fully prepared ( through life of 
righteousness and true holiness), there will be no fear — 
only keen anticipation and tip-toe e.xpectancy. 

John brings this epistle to a close, in verse 21, with 
a salutation w"hich can also be read as a statement of 
fact. The better Greek manuscripts read: "The gi-ace 
of the Lord Jesus with aU (the saints)." Since there is 
no verb in the Greek, we can read this: "The grace of 
the Lard Jesus is with all (the saints)." Certainly it is 
such grace as this that provides us the faith in Christ's 
coiming which, in turn, inspires cur ready response at 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangrelist 

the \-ei-y thought. It is this veiy "grace" which also 
binds together time and eternity — thus dimming our 
vision of this present world and onhancmg our faith- 
expeabancy of the world to come (cf., Heb. 11:8-10, 13- 

With this grace of Christ ever upon us, our sweetest 
liope — and most earnest prayer — will be: "Even so, do 
come, Lord Jesus!" Only when He does "so come" will 
the Paradise, lost in the fail, become the Paradise re- 

Lift up your heads, pilgrims a-weary. 
See day's approach now crimson the sky; 

Night shadows flee, and your Beloved, 

Awaited with longing at last draweith nigh. 

Dai'k was the night, sin warred against us; 

Heavy the load of sorrow we bore; 
But now we see signs of His coming; 

Our hearts glow within us, joy's cup runneth o'er! 

O blessed hope! O blissful promise! 

Filling our hearts with rapture divine; 
O day of days! Hail Thy appearing! 

Thy transcendent glory forever shall shine! 

Even so come, precious Lord Jesus; 

Creation waits redemption to see; 
Caught up in clouds, soon we shall meet Thee; 

O blessed assurance, forever with Thee! 

— ^Mabel Johnston Camp 

968 — Hope and An+i-Hope 

Religion in Review 



EP News Service 

NOT EVEN GOD can change the past, so the record 
of 1968 will stand forever as men lived it in noble 
or ignoble pursuits. 

Every day an average of 324,000 liumEin balMes entered 
the world and 10,000 persons stai-^-ed to death or died of 
malnutrition. In addition, 123,000 persons died for other 
reasons, leaving a net gain of aboot 190,000 per day. 

In their agony over Pope Paul VI's encyclical Hunianae 
Vitae banning birth control (rated by the secular press 
as the top religioius story of the year), some Roman 
Catholics were asking if the Pontiff should retire. 

The dominant mood of moist ghetto youth was tragic 
apathy, while anger and violence prevailed among the 
more pri\'ileged in colleges and uni\ersities. 

The cost of living rose steadily in 1968 but Americans 
were voluntarily contributing more than ever to chari- 
table enteri>rises. Citizens of the U.S. spent $130 mUUon 
for missionary work but $30 billion on gambling, $20 
biUion on crime, $9 billion on liquor, $5 bUlion on tobacco, 
S3 billion on house pets and $175 miUion on dog food. 
The $100 million spent on comic books was four times 
the annual budget of all public libraries in tlie U.S. 

The cry of "collective guilt" followed the crack of the 
assassin's rifle that killed Martin Luther King Jr. Three 
months later a fresh grave enclosed the body of U.S. 
Senator Robert F. Kennedy while a shocked nation 
mourned further violence and a swarthy, ex-Simday 
school Jordanian pupil was brought to trial for the 

Communities of Amish left for Paraguay, objecting to 
the nation's strident anti-religious sentiment . . . its wag- 
ing of a "morally indefensible war in Vietnam" . . . 
and tlie popularizing of respect for sexual freedom as 
a fundamental civU liberty. 

Pollsters discovered that 97 per cent of the American 
people attested to a belief in God, but Maryland's 245- 
year-old law against blasphemy was challenged in court 

. . . TV fare was dominated by ugliness, noise and vio- 
lence . . . rampant gonorrhea raced "out of control" . . . 
and wife swapping became a national scandal. 

But men of good wUl were busy too, settling 189,381 
Cuban refugees, struggling with the moral questions of 
transplanting human organs, gathering 1,200 strong to 
pray with President Johnson, and breaking into TV with 
warnings about health hazards in cigarette smoking. The 
nation elected a Quaker President and an Episcopalian 
Vice President. 

Churches merged, marched and mingled in ecumenical 
accord in 1968 and a "theology of liope" was seen to be 
winning over the "God is dead" doctrine. The Methodist 
and Evangelical United Brethren Churches merged to 
form Tlie United Methodist Church, largest of the na- 
tion's religious denominations. The Wesleyan Methodists 
united with the Pilgrim Holiness Church to form The 
Wesleyan Church and then set about to woo the Free 

The associate director of the Institute for Advanced 
Pastoral Studies declared that America has reached the 
end of its preaching era and charged tliat a communica- 
tion crisis exists in the Christian church. Clandestine 
worship among "floating" Ro-man Catholic parishes cele- 
brated unauthorized Mass iii living room sanctuaries. 
Underpaid clargymen were tei-med a "national disgrace" 
but famed atheist Madalyn Mtirray O'Hair angrily de- 
nounced tax-exempt churches for hiding their wealth. 

Ghetto banks received large amounts of church money, 
ministers took to the streets in support of a variety of 
social causes and a Negro was cast in the role of Messiah 
in a lai-ge-scale dramatic production in Atlanta, but 
pollsters still reported finding hea\'y racial bias among 
white Gentile church people. The director of the Office 
ot Economic Opportunity said the U.S. cannot win the 
war on po\'erty without the help of church people. "The 
Old Hugged Cross" was found again to be the favorite 

Januarj 4, 1969 

Page Fifteen 

hymn of most U.S. and Canadian believers. 

Missionary enterprise flourished, despite the deadening 
influence of affluence, reaching out to earth's remotest 
regions through God's ministers of reconciliation. The 
year began with 9,200 earnest students at the IVCF- 
sponsored 8th tri-ennial Missionary Convention bowed in 
prayer at commLmion. Veteran missionaries pushed be- 
yond cixiUzed areas to contact down-river Aucas. They 
ministered to Olympic athletes in Grenoble, France, and 
Me.xico City and in the ghettoes of urban jungles. Six 
died in one day a.t the liands of Viet Cong while others 
by other angry men or in accidents. 

Radio penetrated lands where missionaiy presence is 
forbidden, reaching t li e antennas of an estimated 
540,000,000 receivers throughout the world. 

Church growth expert Dr. Donald McGa\-ran declared 
at the amiual Seminar on Chuix;h Growth in Winona 
Lake, Indiana, that the world has "more winnable people 
than ever before," but a young Protestant theologian in 
Maine stated that "the shocking fact of religion today is 
that the world is not going to be saved for Christianity." 
At the beginning of this century-, he said, one-third of the 
world was Christian. By the time the year 2,000 arrives, 
less than 22 per cent will be Christian. 

Communists contended that there is really no contra- 
diction between the aims of Christianity and "real social- 
ism," and inaugurated in Prague the growing phenomenon 
of dialogue with Christians. 

The Church lost this yeai' such stalwarts as Charles 
E. Fuller, minister for 43 years on the "Old Fashioned 
Revival Hour" broadcast; Daniel A. Poling of Christian 
Herald magazine and Cliristian Herald Charities; Joe 
Blinco, foiiner Methodist minister of England, 11 yeai-s 
an associate of BUly Graham, and director of the Forest 
Home Christian Conference Center in California; theok)- 
gians Edward J. Young of Westminster Theological Sem- 
inai-y and Alva J. McClain, founder of Grace Theological 
Seminai-y; Bob Jones Sr., founder of Bob Jones Univoi'- 
sity and "one of the last of the old-time evangelists"; 
Viotoi-y Cory, founder of Scripture Press; and Franklin 
Clark Fi-y, president of the Lutheran Church in America. 

Publishing ventures of the Chui'ch were crimped by a 
January 7 postal hike in bulk mail costs but the leaden 
soldiers of the printing press marched on. The American 
Bible Society placed its 50 millionth copy of the Scrip- 
tures with men and women of the Armed Forces. More 
tlian 100,000 pieces of gospel literature were distributed 
in 15 languages at the Olympic meets on two continents. 
Records were published to show that one complete bool-; 
of the Bible, at least, has now been published in 1,326 
languages and dialects around the globe. Cooperati\-e ef- 
forts among 15 organizations engaged in printing, pub- 
lishing and distributing of the Holy Scriptures and re- 
lated material were hammered out in an infonnal Chi- 
cago meeting sponsored by the new Evangelical Fellow- 
ship of Scripture Distributors. The first chapter of Evan- 
gelical Press in Colleges (EPIC), sponsored jointly by 
Evangelical Literature Overseas and the Evangelical 
Press Association, was organized on the campus of Whea- 
ton College. The Salvation Army celebrated 100 years 
of evangelism through the printed word and President 
Lyndon Johnson named three clergj-men to ser\'e on an 
18-member commission on obscenity and pornography. 

Scliools thrived in most places, despite the lengthy and 
dishonorable New York teachers' strike and soaring costs 

of education. New York eliminated the Blaine Amend- 
ment banning government aid to sectarian schools while 
the Supreme Court let stand a 1965 New York law re- 
quiring public school systems to lend textbooks to stu- 
dents in private and parochial schools. 

Legislation was passed unanimously by the Pennsyl- 
\'ania State Senate authorizijig public schools in the 
Commonwealth to have a period of silent prayer or med- 
itation before the beginning of the school day. 

Baccalaureate ser\'ices were ruled unconstitutional in 
Minnesota if sponsored by public schools. 

According to a Louis Harris Sun-ey in mid-summer. 
78 per cent of the American people feel that the U.S. 
Supreme Court was vvTong in banning prayer from pub- 
lic schools. 

Science strode v\-itli giant steps across the span of 1968. 
A new system of record keeping called "electro-optics" 
succeeded in reducing letters as much as one million 
times so that tiiey must be read through a liigh-powered 
microscope. This mai-riage of electricity and optics re- 
duced the entire King James Version of tile Bible to a 
slip of jilastic one and one-quarter inches square. 

A sun cooker for the disadvantaged nations delivered 
558 watts of power and could bring four pints of water 
to a boil in 22 minutes. It was marketed for $10 and was 
guaranteed to last a decade. 

There were more than 100 lieart transplants, but slight- 
ly fewer than half the number of patients survi\-ed. From 
Moscow came the charge that the organ transplants by 
Western doctors threatened indigents who could be mur- 
dered and their vital organs sold. 

Youth revolt in 1968 was \'iewed as a struggle to over- 
come a lack of guidelines and shape a better purpose 
than because of a disregard for guidelines already laid 
dowai. Despite the bad press of a small percentage, col- 
legians turned out in great numbers to work for their 
chosen Presidential candidate. Teens contacted by Gil- 
bert Youth Research reportedly rated the Bible as the 
most popular book. But in Vietnam, a chaplain among 
Ixi'mbai-ded Marines at the Khe Sanh said he did indeed 
find atheists in foxholes even during the heaviest shelling. 

For the people of God, the year 1968 made the world 
a little bigger in tei-ms of opportunities for service. High 
speed printing presses, faster jets, better communications 
media, more refmed medical procedures — cdl offered 
greater means for bagging the restiess globe. The third 
meeting of evangelical leaders at the Key Bridge Motel 
near Washington, D.C. brought American theological 
conservatives closer to spu'itual and operational unity as 
they selected Newark. N.J. for cooperative efforts in 

Among the large questions of the hom- came another in 
the minature world of Peanuts as Cartoonist Cliarles 
Schulz introduced Franklin, tlie strip's first Negro char- 
acter. Linus needs his security blanket; Snoopy is the 
Walter Mitty of dogdom; Charlies BrowTi is still the pa- 
tient loser. But will Franklin be a belie\-able human be- 
ing who has some evident personal failing? Or wiU he be 
the perfect little black mam. WiU he be a character wlio 
is more than black, whose weaknesses are both evident 
and believable? 

But now history has again triumphed over time and 
the sajids of another year have all njn through the glass. 
Let us learn from the lessons of 1968 at the close of the 
sixties and pray in hope at the doorway of a new decade. 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 


by Rev. Kent Bennett i 

EACH ORGANIZATION in oiu- naaon 
is known for its unique contribution 
to mankind. Schools, colleges and semin- 
aries are knottTi for education; hospitals 
are known for healing; goveiTiment is 
known for law and order; business and in- 
dustry are known for employment and 
l>roduQtion, but what is the unique contri- 
bution of the Ohristian Church? What is 
the greatest and highest and all sui"passing 
contributiom and quality of the church to 
the world? Is it faith? is it hope? is it 
dedication? is it obedience? is it forgive- 
ness? I am sure most of us will give the 
correct doctrinal answer . . . Will we give 
the right answer ui our living? Of course 
the answer, tlie only answer, is love. 

We will all agree with that in theory but 
few have translated it into life; and so the 
world languishes, men gi-oan in dismay and 
ultter despair and life on earth becomes 
unbeai-iable as humanity's occupation of the 
earth draws to its rapid and disasterous 
close. Tills happens despite the fact that 
the Christian retvelation of love caused a 
revolution in the First Century and still 
does when it is rediscovered and practiced. 

When Christian love arrived the old 
ideas of love had to be replaced with new 
ones. When it descended the old words 
for love were no longer adequate to de- 
scribe the new quality of love which had 
entered a tired and hostUe woirtd. Had that 
love not entered wlien it did human history 
on earth may well have ended centuries 
and centuries earlier. Now once again we 
sliall all perish and be destroyed unless we 
rediscover this new quality of love. We 
must learn to love or we wiU all perish. 
All of this only underscores the importance 
of Love's Description. 

I am fairly convinced tliat nothing is 
moa-e important to the Christian Church 
a.nd to the world than the rediscovery of 
the revolutionary love of Jesus Christ and 

the incarnation of that love in the lives of 
Christians everywhere. When we rediscov- 
er It we may conquer our generation and 
world as the first Christians did theirs. 
But if we are to discover it we must first 
describe it and translate it into the langu- 
age of everj'day living. Therefore let each 
of us, as oaie man, open the Sacred Book 
of God to the Hymn of Love which stands 
guard at the heart of the Bible in I Cor- 
inthians 13. As we do let us move rapidly 
down its paragraphs until our eyes come to 
rest on chapter 14, verse 1: "FoUow after 
charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but 
rather that ye may prophesy." From this 
day foii-ward and forevermore may it be the 
great quest of each life hei-e to make love, 
God's love, Christ's love. Christian lo\'e 
your aim! 

But what is it? Perhaps we shall dis- 
cover as we view: (1) Love's possibilities 
and its demonstration; (2) Love's perform- 
ance and its description; (3) Love's per- 
manence and its destiny. 
I. IjO\'e's possibilities and its demonstra- 

The possibilities of love are almost end- 
less. No door seems closed to real love. 
The question whidh repeatedly plagues us 
concerns how to demonstra,te the love we 
long to express. Just what is love In plain, 
simple English? How can we best show it, 
give ilt, live it? The first church faced this 
question and every church since has faced 

Many Christian people throughout the 
ages have decided that it is love to exorcise 
your God-given gifts in the sei-vice of 
others. The early church recognized a 
number of such gifts. Several of them are 
discussed in I Corinthians 13:1-3: "Though 
I speak with the tongues of men and of 
angels, and have not charity, I am become 
as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. 
And though I have the gift of prophecy, 

January 4, 1969 

Page Seventeen 


and uiiderstajid all mysteries, aiid aJl 
knowledge; and though I have all fejth, so 
that I could remove mountauis, and have 
not charity, I am nothing. And though I 
bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and 
though I give my body to be burned, and 
have not oharitj', it profiteth me notliing." 

Three of these gifts are closely related. 
They are the gift of tongues, the gift of 
preaching and the gift of sph'itual knowl- 
edge. All have to do with spiritual growth 
and advancement. Surely if God has given 
a man the ability to speak in tongues to 
the church and he does so faithfully, he is 
demonstrating love? Or perhaps anotheir 
individual has been gifted with powerful 
and inspirmg preaching ability. If he uses 
that ability to encout-age the faith of others 
then is he not demonstrating love? What 
of tlie teacher of Christian truth? If he 
uses his wisdom and undei-standing of the 
Christian revelation to timn the mind and 
hearts of others, who can doubt his love? 
So did the early church reason. 

Another coveted gift then and now is 
the gift of faith. Oh, how we all long for 
more faith. We hunger for a dynamic faith 
which takes hold of God's blessings on be- 
half of man in all of his many needs. Here 
at last we must be m the presence of love? 
Those Who believe God with undaimted 
faiith surely are among earth's greatest 
lovers, and yet the inspired author of the 
Hymm of Love unhesitantly declares verse 
1 and 2. We sit with our mouths open at 
the thought. Who would have believed that 
speaking in tongues, preaching, teaching 
and practicing faith could all be done 
without love? But they can and often are! 

We search more frantically to discover 
love's demonstration. Our confused minds 
and hearts jump to two more conclusions. 
Who could deny, who could disagree with 
the statement that giving charity is a dem- 
onstration of love? Certalnlv if someone 

sells all of his possessions and aJl of his 
property and gives all of this to the poor 
and needy and then stands with empty 
pockets — certainly then we ai'e witness- 
ing love! And who could dispute the prop- 
ositiion that inartj'rtlom qutdifies as love? 
It would seem unquestionable that some- 
one who gives his tody to be burned at 
the stake because of his faith in Christ is 
showing love. So with what degree of 
amazement and disbelief do we read the 
words of verse 3? 

We often wonder liow best to sen'e hu- 
manity; we struggle to ascertain where we 
can give the most to a world in need. Fre- 
quently we conclude that we can serve 
best and gi\'e most through preaching, or 
believing or philanthropic endeavors or 
maybe by becoming a martyr. How shock- 
ing to leam then that we can do all of 
these and still not love and stUl be of no 
value and little help. How can it be so? 
It is so because our motives may be all 
WTong. It is all too easy to do the right 
thing for the wrong motive, but if Agape 
love, God's kind of lo\-e, is our motive and 
our driving force then preaching, belie\-ing, 
gi\'ing and dying are of great power and 
great value. This is love's possibility and 
its demonstration. So let us follow after 
love; make love our aim. 
II. Love's performance and its description 

How shall we evaluate love's perfoi-m- 
ance as described in verses 4-7? I would be 
surprised if you hadn't realized lalready 
that these verses are a desci-iption of ithe 
personality of Jesus Christ. It is quite cor- 
rect to replace the word love with the name 
Jesus and read: "Jesus suffereth long, and 
is kind; Jesus envieth not; Jesus A-aunteth 
not himself, is not puffed up, Doth not be- 
have himself unseemly, seeketh not his 
own, is not easUy provoked, thinketh no 
evil; Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoic- 
eth in the truth; Beareth all things, be- 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

lieveth all things, hopeth all things, endur- 
eth all things." What a lovely X-ray this 
is oif the inner heart of Jesus Christ. In 
addition, these verses are a description of 
love, the new kind of love brought into the 
world by Jesus Christ and intended for 
every Chi-istian. This is not boy meet gii-1 
kind of love, this is not love of country, 
this is not family love. It is God's love, 
Christ's love. Christian love. No unbeliev- 
er can love this way and no Chi-istian can 
without surrendering to and being flooded 
by the Holy Spirit of God in the inner be- 

Let us take a closer look at this new 
quality of love. Let us ask If this is the 
kind of love which characterizes our cliuroh 
life, our family life, oui- life in the com- 
munity. If it isn't we may well have dis- 
covei'ed both why the church has lost her 
cutting edge and how to regain it. In this 
passage we find seven things love is and 
seven things it is not; seven things it does 
and seven things it won't do. To end on 
a positive note we wUl begin with the seven 
negatives, buit in them all we must see 
Christian individuals in relatioaiship to 
other Christians; in relatiojiship to hus- 
bands, wives, children, relatives, friends and 
enemies. This is love in action, love in 
daily life, love that is much, much more 
than a mere ideal or a mere emotion. 

First we see "love does not envy — is 
not jealous. It has been said there are 
only itwo classes of people in the world — 
"Those who are millionaires and tliose who 
would like to be." Or shall we call them 
haves and have nots? Anyway our world 
is in ti'ouble because men do envy what 
othei-s ha\-e and because men who have 
what others need won't share. But love 
learns to be content with its gifts, oppor- 
tunities, abilities, possessions and position 
in life. Are you or are you not jealous of 
others who have more than you do? 

Second, verse 4 indicates that love is 
not boastful. Love doesn't brag or blow 
its own horn. Probably someone who al- 
ways points out how loving he is, isn't. 
Love is kept humble by realizing that it can 
never offer the loved one a gift good 

Third, love doesn't become puffed up. It 
is altogether too easy to become inflated 
with our own importance. But love is able 
to work with others and to value the con- 
tributions and the talents and viewpoints 
of Others as much as or more than its own. 
What about tliat husbands, wives, minis- 
ters, laymen, board members. 

Fourth, love does not use bad manners. 
Love is gracious and thoughtful and cour- 
teous. Some people think they are loving 
When they are brutally frank and When, 

as they say, they call a spade a spade. Not 
so for love has and uses taot, diplomacy 
and good manners. 

Love's fifth negative is that it does not 
seek its own. The curse of the world and 
its ultimate ruin wUl be caused by selfish- 
ness and self centeredness. In our day 
people in factories and stores, labor and 
management, unions, etc., all too often 
think constantly of their own rights when 
they ought to be thinking of their respon- 
sibilities; think of what they get rather 
than what they can give. Chris^tian love in 
the church, in the family, in the world 
does not insist on its own way or rights. 

Sbith, love is not easUy angered. In 'this 
day of tension and anxiety we are all often 
short tempered and irritable. But if we 
are continually thin-skinned, easily offend- 
ed, touchy and temperamental, then we 
are not full of the love of Christ. 

The seventh aspect of love on the nega- 
ti\-e side is that love thinks no evil. This 
means that the person full of Christ's love 
will not keep an account book in which he 
makes a list of wrongs done to him. For 
keeping a list of wrongs only helps nurse 
and enlarge a grudge. These seven things 
lov-e does not do. Can it then be said that 
Christ's love fUls and controls you? 

The positive aspects of love are very 
revealing and ti'emendouBly challenging. 
As we view them we see love under fire, 
love tested to the breaking point; and it 
all takes place in the context of the fel- 
lowship of the Chrisltian Chui'ch! These 
are the attitudes and the actions and the 
motives which should characterize our life 
together in the church. 

First, love suffers long. That is a simple 
and beautiful way to describe patience. 
This is patience with people noit with cir- 
cumstances. When the love-mastered Chris- 
tian has been wronged, he is patient, he 
suffers long, he does noit stiTke back. 

Second, lo\-e is Icind. It is possible to be 
good without being kind, possible to be pa- 
tient withoult being kind; but love is kind, 
is tender, is generous and helpful to those 
who wrong it. 

Third, love rejoices not In evil but re- 
joices in ti-uth. It is pi"oof of man's fallen 
sinful condition that people deUght in talk- 
ing about and exposing tlie weakness and 
sins and failures of others, but love doesn't; 
it weeps o\'ei- sin and it is heartbroken 
when someone else falls or fails. 

Foui'th, love bears all tilings. This is 
patience with circumstances and situations. 
This is endurance in the face of difficulty 
and trouble. 

Fifth, lo\-e believes all things. Oh, but 
the world protests ithait to do so is to be 
naive and blind, but when love believes all 

anuary 4, 1969 

Page Nineteen 

things it refuses to be suspicious. Some 
people are always suspicious of evei-ything 
and everybody but not the love-mastered 
Christian. Love always believes the best 
about others and by its faith love makes 
them what it believes them to be! 

Sixth, love also hopes all things. When 
it is WTonged it continues to hope for the 
best from the person wronging it. Love 
knows that no man and no woman and 
no world is hopeless to God and so it goes 
on hoping. 

Finally love endures all things. When it 
has been hurt, when it had been insulted, 
when it has met tragedy and defeat love 
stands its ground and endures. Love is 
undefeatable: it can never be conquered. 
This is the performance and the descrip- 
tion of love, God's love, Christ's love, Chi-is- 
tian love. Does it describe your love? Fol- 
low after love; make such love your aim. 

III. Love's permanence and its destiny 

Now contemplate with me love's per- 
manence and its destiny. When we compare 
the gift of love with the other gifts God 
lias given the church — what do we find? 
We discover that prophecy and preaching 
have a temporary purpose. When that pur- 
pose is fulfilled, prophecy and preaciiing 
wHI \'anLSh forever. We learn as well that 
tongues and teaching have a fleeting mean- 
ing and a transient mission, and when 
then- job is done they too will vanish fi-om 
the scene of life. While all else is failing, 
and coming to its appointed end, we see 
love rising to the zenith of its glory as 
the one immortal gift in the midst of many 
mortal gifts. These high gifts, these good 
gifts pass away and love alone remains in 
all of its splendor and dignity. Therefore 
follow after love, make such love your aim. 

Even as I have preached this message I 
have felt judged and challenged by it. 
We like to hear messages about love. We 
think they are wonderful but they aren't. 
For as long as the message of I Corin- 
thians 13 remains in the book, remains a 
stranger to life, and living becomes a mere 
ideal then it too is notliing, is useless and 
of no value. This kind of love must be- 
come our e-xperience with each other in our 

churches, in our homes, and in our com- 
munity witness. This should be the Breth- 
ren distinctive, the Bi-etliren cliarter. This 
should be the result of the Love Feast, of 
feet wasliing, of being Brethren in Christ. 
Is it? 

Why did it take humanity so long to 
discover the preeminence of love? Why 
did it take the world religions so long to 
disclose that God is love? Why was it that 
Jesus Christ didn't ever say God is love? 
John the apostle who did say it wasn't 
able to until he had experienced it and 
seen it lived out in a liuman life. Jesus 
Chi'ist didn't preach a seiinon on love nor 
did He set an unrealistic ideal of love or 
say in mere words Ood is love, but He did 
say God is lo\'e in the only way it can be 
said and be meaningful. He said it by His 
life, b.v His deeds, by His death and b.\ 
His victory over all of the enemies of man- 
kind. If our denomination is e\-er going to 
evangelize 25,000 by 1975 we can only do 
it by deeds, by Ufe, by death, by rising 
from the dead with Christ. Let us rise to 
the task as we make love oiu: aim! 

As few men have, Abraham Lincoln lived 
Christian love. One example of this is 
showii in this stoiy. A man named Stanton 
treated Lincoln with contempt. He called 
him a low breed clo-\vn. He nicknamed him 
the original gorUla, but Lincoln said noth- 
ing. Later he made Stanton his Minister of 
War Ijecause he was the best man for the 
job. Lincoln was patient, kind and he be- 
lieved, endui-ed and hoped all things. Time 
passed; Lincoln was assassinated. Then 
Stanton came to the i-vxim where Lincoln's 
body laid. He looked into Lincoln's silent 
face and said thi'oug'h hot teai-s, "There 
lies one of the greatest rulers of men the 
woi'ld has ever seen." Love had conquered! 

Christian love has done what mere words 
could never do. Therefore make love your 
aim; follow after such Im^e in your witnes- 
sing and go out to help tlie world rediscov- 
er its only hope and its only help. Tliose 
who allow Chi-ist to love through them 
in this way will never peiTsh and will con- 
quer tlieii- world for the Son of God. Will 
you be among them? You will if you let 
God's love prevail! 

"Love's Description" is the second sub 
topic under the General Conference theme: 
"Let God's Love PrevaiL" Rev. Bennett, pas- 
tor of the First Brethren Church, North Lib- 
erty, Indiana, presented the above address 
on Thursday morning of General Conference. 

Page Twenty 

The Bretliren Evang^elist 

Walcrest (Mansfield), Ohio. On Suji- 
da>-. December 22. a carr>-Ln dinner 
was enjoyed by many of the mem- 
bei-s in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Dale 
Shamp and family who have moved 
recently to St. Louis, Missouri, 
where Mr. Shamp received a pro- 
motion in his work. The Shamps 
have been mem.bers of the Walcrest 
Church for a short time, but during 
that time have been vei-y active 
and helpful in the activities of tlie 
church. They were just recently 
elected to the Deacons Board. 

The work on the inside of the 
new building is progressing vei-y 
nicely and it is hoped that the first 
warship service will be conducted 
late in Januai-y or early in Febru- 

Derby, Kajis. The local youth group 
has begun a visitation program in 
Derby which consiste of making 
personal visits to newcomers. The 
youth are engaged in various acti\-- 
ities to raise funds for the project 

Fort Scott, Kans. Rev. RusseU Gor- 
don reports that revival seivices 
were just completed with Rev. W. 
St. Clair Benshoff of Hagersitown, 
Maryland, as e\'angelist. The re- 
sponse was very good. 

Mulvane, Kans. Rev. Carl Barber re- 
ports that the attendance at the 
last Communion service was the 
highest that the church has Ivnown 
for several years. 

Special speakers for special ser\- 
ices were as follows: Mr. David 
Radcliff, son of Rev. and Mre. Jer- 
ald RadclLff of Masontown, Penn- 
sylvania, was tlie speaker for the 
Youth meeting of December 1. Mi-. 
Ken Anderson, director of Youth 
for Christ, Wichita, Kansas, was 
the guest speaker for the Laymen 
on December 19. 

Tucson, Arizona. R e \' . Clarence 
StogsdUl reports through h i s 
church bulletin that a new organ 
was dedicated on Sunday, Novcm- 
l)er 24, 1968. Mi-s. Vada Seller is 
the organist for the church. 


HOSTETLER. Mrs. Violet Hostet- 
lor, aged 71, passed away on Sat- 
urday, November 30, 1968. Mrs. Hos- 
teller was a member of the Brethren 
Church in SmithvUle, Ohio, for 59 
years. Funeral sei-\'ices were conduc- 
ted by the undersigned. 

Rev. Don Rinehart 

::- :i: * 

CAMPBELL. Mr. Edgar Campbell, 
age 68, passed away recently. He 
was a member of the First Brethren 
Church of Roann, Indiana. Services 
were held in the church on Tuesday, 
December 3, 1968, by the undersign- 
ed. Interment was in the Odd Fel- 
lows Cemetei"y of Roann. 

Rev. Herbert Gilmer 


BROY-SWEENEY. At an impres- 
sive double-ring ceremony on August 
17, 1968, in the United Methodist 
Church of Middletown, Virginia, Miss 
Donna Broy and Mr. Charles Milton 
Sweeney were united in marriage by 
the groom's pastor, Rev. Glenn 

Mrs. J. Frankie Derflinger 

^ * ■■':■■ 

LLOYD-WHITMER. The marriage 
of Miss Hilda Marie Lloyd and Mr. 
William David Whitmer was per- 
formed by the bride's pastor, Rev. 
Glenn Shank, in a lovely ceremony at 
the Liberty Brethren Church on Oc- 
tober 19, 1968. Rev. Samuel Lindsay, 

pastor of the groom, assisted in the 

Mrs. J. Frankie DerfUnger 

COOK-BOWMAN. An afternoon 
wedding on Saturday, October 26, 
1958, solemnized the maiTiage vows 
of Miss Frances Evelyn Cook and 
Mr. Earl Lee Bowman. Rev. Glenn 
Shank, pastor of the bride, was as- 
sisted by Rev. Melvin Babbitt, piasitior 
of the groom. The ceremony was per- 
formed in the Maurertown Brethren 

Mrs. J. FranMe Derflinger 

uerite Hollar and Mr. Kirby Hepner 
were uniited lin marriage on Novem- 
ber 13, 1968, in the Maurertown 
Brethren Church. The vow^s were 
read by Rev. Glenn Shank, pastor of 
the bride. 

Mrs. J. Frankie Derflinger 

DENEEN-SHANK. Miss Sandra 
Deneen and Mr. Jeffrey Shank were 
united in marriage on November 22, 
1968. in the St. James Brethren 
Church, St. James, Mai-yland. The 
ceremony was performed by Rev; 
Glenn Shank, uncle of the groom. 
Mrs. J. Frankie Derflinger 


Pittsburgh, Pa 

— 10 by baptism . . 

New Lebanon, 

Ohio — 9 by ba,ptismi 

4 by letter . 

. Ellihart, Ind. — c 

by baptism. 


New Holland, Pa. (EP) - Thir; 
teen half-hour television programs 
are being produced by Inter-Churcl' 
Evangelism featuring informal groujii 
discussions with evangelist MyrorJ 
Augsburger. I 

To appear weekly on various stal 
tions across the country, the progi-am 
titled "Breakthrough," will includi 
participants at various age and inter' 
est groups chatting with the evangel 
ist. Dr. Augsburger is also presideni 
of Eastern Mennonite College, Harril 
sonburg, Va. 

The goal of the telecast, according 
to Inter-Church Evangelism executive 
vice president Eugene R. Witmer, i- 
"to speak to the element of societjl 
that makes things happen in thi 


anuary 4. 1969 

Page Twenty-one 


at Louisville, Ohio 

ON SUNDAY, September 29, 1968, a Mortgage Burn- 
ing was observed in Louisville, Ohio, at the First 
Brethren Church. This event marlied the end of the in- 
debtedness on the new educational unit which was erect- 
ed a few years ago. 

In the photo on the cover of this magazine are (left 
to right): Rev. James Schaub, pastor; Mr. L. G. Minton, 
moderator; Mr. Glenn O. Miller, financial secretary; and 
Rev. L. V. King pastor of the church when ground was 
broken for the new unit. 

A carry-in dinner was enjoyed during the noon hour 
by many of the members. The day was known as the 
"Rev. King Day" and the dinner was in liis honor. In 
the accompanying photo you will see Rev. King opening 
the gift presented to him during the dinner hour. 

Also, in the other acco^mpanying photo you will see 
Rev. King ringing the church bell to call the worshippers 
together. In this photo you wUl see (left to right): Rev. 
James Schaub; Mr. Floyd Miller, Deacon Board Chair- 
man; Rev. L. V. King; and i\Ir. L. G. Minton, Moderator. 

P:ij;e Twpnty-t\vo 

The Brethren Evangelist 


OUIET DELL members and friends met ait the church 
on Sunday, October 13, for the 75th Anniversai-y. 

The morning services, attended by 45, began with 
Sunday school ait 10:00, and worship at 11:00. This 
was followed by a caiTy-in noon meal. 

In the afternoon we gathered at 2:00 for a song serv- 
ice with 66 in attendance. Many old and new songs were 
sung. Special music was brought by a few of the neigh- 
borhood churches. 

To finish the day and begin the week, revival services 
started at 7:30. We were blessed by the number in at- 
tendance which was 59. Several groups brought a num- 
ber of songs and Rev. Edward West brought the message. 
We were all filled with joy that night when one person 
came forward. During the week of revival a total of 4 
came forward for the Lord. 

Below is a brief history of the church: 

Most of the charter members were foi-merly members 
of the Aleppo Brethren Church and held their first serv- 
ices in the Quiet Dell School house. At least one revival 
was held in the Mt. Carmel Qiurch of God. Later an- 
<;ther meeting was held by J. B. Wampler in the school 
,iust prior to the plans for a new building. 

The church was organized August 13, 1893, with J. I\I. 
iVIurray as the first pastor. He was the moving spirit as 
they met in the school and for many years after. 

Rev. Spanogle preached the sermon of dedication. 

The cai-penters who built the church were Alfred Wood, 
Adam Miller, and J. B. MUler. 

The stone for the foundation was taken from the Fred 
Wise farm and hauled by Bud Wise. It was hand dressed 
and laid in the foundation by John Staggers and Perry 

The lumber for tihe frame of the buiilding was cut on 
tlie Wise farm and sawed at the old saw mill which was 
located across the creek from the church. 

The lumber for the seats was sawed at the same mill, 
kiln dried, then hauled to Cameron to the planing mill 
and dressed. The seats were made by Henry Wise, Alfred 
Wood, and Adam Miller. 

The sand for the plastering was dug from a sand bank 
where Monty Wood lived and hauled by Bud Wise. Tlie 
lime was slacked by digging a hole in the ground alx>uit 
the size of a barrel, this was fUled with lime and cov-i 
ered with water. The old fashioned plaster of hair, Itmei 
and sand was put on by George W. Simms. The lathingi 
was done by Alfred Wood, J. B. Miller, and Bud Wise.' 
The painting was done by Dowler Brc'thers. 

The choh- at the dedication were: Rachel Miller, Liz-j 
zie Wood, Maggie Hartzel, soprano; Edna Simms, alto;i 
William Caldwell, Alfred Wood, and Adam Miller, bass.i 
There were others who memory and record do not re- 

The organ was purchased in WheeUng by Henry Wise, 
the one who was responsible for the coUection of most of' 
these facts. 

Fred Wise was the janitor of the church from the time 
of its dedication until his death in 1912. 

Henry Wise along with J. M. Murray were the ones 
who did the most to father the church in its early days.i 

At the close of the 50th Anniversary celebration in 
1943, it was decided to start a redecoration and building 
fimd, to redecorate the interior and tO' secure new pews.i 
The idea grew until it included new heating equipment 
and electric lights, with the possible hope for the future 
of new carpet for the platfoi-m and aisles. 

The old pews for which there were coinsiderable senti- 
ment were carefully dismantled and replaned and used 
for paneling across the back and in front of the platform. 
Draperies were added to form two classrooms and make 
sjjace for the commiuiion senice. The W.M.S. added Vene- 
tian blinds to the windows. All of this greatly added 
beauty and lent a worshipful atmosphere. These inno- 
vations had been accomplisihed during the pastorate of 
Arthur Baer. 

In the late summer of 1968, the members joined to- 
gether in repairing and painting the fence around the 

Pastors Who Have Served the Church 

J. M. Murray 
H. M. Oberholtzer 
J. M. Miuray 
W. T. HUbert 
W. S. Crick 
A. V. Jeffers 
Tom Presnell 
Bernard Snyder 
Norman Uphouse 
J. Edgar Berkshire 
Paul Berket 
Arthur R. Baer 
Robert Holsinger 
Cecil Bolton Jr. 
C. Edward West Jr. 

from the beginning to 1912 
. .. .-1931 

summer of 1941 
1967-. . . . 

January i. 1969 

Page Twenty- three 


All Golfers in America: 

ALL GOLFING FANS are given a cordial invitation 
from thie members, friends and pastor J. D. Hamel 
to come to Sarasoita, Florida and see for themselves the 
site of the first golf course in America, and also to at- 
tend the services of the First Bretliren Chui-ch. We have 
two morning worship services at 8:30 and 10:30 with 
Sunday school at 9:30, an evening service at 7 p.m., and 
prayer meeting service Wednesday at 7 p.m. 

Late one day in 1885 a sturdy Scotsman in Glengary 
Emd l<nickers, J. Hamilton Gillespie, sighted along the 
wooden shaft of a putter and unerringly sunk a putt 
that triggered America's modern golf sport. As the ball 
dropped into the cup. the sound was heard 'round Sara- 
sota, for soon townspeople were trying their hands at 
the Colonel's game. The two-hole course soon became 
a popular meeting ground for local sportsmen. By 1902 
the two-hole course soon became inadequate. By then 
Ool. GUlespie, who became Sarasota's first mayor, had 
buUt a stately home on what was then tlie edge of town 
which was to be on the First Golf Course in America. 
Gillespie Golf Course was a popular and tricky layout, 
not to mention the excitement of hitting around the alli- 
gator hole obstacle. ("There must have been 1,000 balls 
in that gator hole," an early player reminisced. ) 

Today progress has obliterated all signs of this historic 
course. Recently eighty Gillespie Golf Pioneers made a 
reconstruction of the Gillespie Golf Course revealing that 
the Sarasota Brethren Church is now across what was 
then the Sixth Green. 


Can-f-on, Ohio 


ana, is sponsoring the organization of a Brethren 
Church in Fort Wayne. The following report was given 
in "The First Brethren News," the newsletter from 

"There were ten persons present for the organizational 
meeting held in the Tix>up home on Sunday, December 
8, 1968, 2:30 P.M. At first there was some concern that 
there was not a greater response from soime of the other 
Brethren families but it was the general concensus that 
those present represented at least a large part of those 
who were vitally interested. Finances were a big question 
in our minds so to determine what could be our financial 
basis, one person representmg each of five families or in- 
dividuals was given a blank sheet of paper and asked to 
put down the amount he thought he could contribute to 
the work weekly. The result was amazing! The total 
pledge amounted to $62 - 67 per week from families that 
were already tithing to other churches. It is estimated 
that the weekly need of the church, which will be meet- 
mg in Glenbrook Shopping Mall Auditorium beginning 
January 26, 1969, will be $60 per week. Such tremendous 
response was almost overw'helming ! 

"Officers and leaders wei-e appointed as foUows: 

Dick Troup — Lay Leader 

Shirley Troup — Secretary 

Carson Gould — Treasurer 

Russell Bety, Jane Krom — Community Sui"vey 

"Other members present at the meeting were: Mr. 
and Mrs. Andrew Eicher and John Marcott, Rev. John 
Brownsberger, president of the Indiana District Mission 
Board and Rev. and Mrs. Charles Lowmaster. 

"Another meeting was set for Sunday, December 15. 
1968, 2 P.M., to plan the e\'angelistic outreach and wor- 
ship programs for the first couple of months. 

"Please pray for this work. The Lord has given us 
great encouragement." 

' I 'HE PHOTO accompanying tills article is the now par- 
J. sonage recently purchased by the congregation. 
It is located neai- to the church and the congregation was 
fortunate to make the purchase as it was sold from an 
estate and the Canton Church was the high bidder. The 
house is of adequate space and is situated in a nice resi- 
dential neighborhood. 

Rev. and Mrs. Keith Bemiett will be moving into the 
new ihome soon after the first of the year. 

The address is: 5542 Swan N.E., North Canton, Ohio 


""pHE LATER PART OF OCTOBER we held our an- 
1 nual revi\-al services with Brother Clarence Stogsdill 
of Phoenix, Arizona in charge. His messages were very 
inspiring and we thank God for sending him to us. 

The W.M.S. have packed a number of boxes of winter 
clothing which are being sent to our Kentucky missions. 

The W.M.S. guest day was held Deceniber 3 at the 
church, in the form of an evening salad buffet. Table 
motifs were of the yuletide decorations. In addition to 
oui- regular members, there were fourteen guests in at- 

When a month has five Sundays, the fifth Simday has 
been set aside as a family fellowship meeting time. The 
laymen of the church wUl have chai-ge of the meeting 
on December 29, and a little bird teUs me it will be in 
the form of a soup supper — the soup being made and 
served by the Laymen. Sounds superb! The September 
meeting was in charge of the W.M.S. and home made ice 
cream, pie and cake was enjoyed. 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

A new lighted bulletin board for the church lawn has 
been received and is awaiting erection. Meanwhile, the 
size of our new front doors are presenting a problem 
and they may no>t get installed until wcrmer weather. 

Many have been ill with pneumonia, colds, flu and 
broken bones. With prayerful supplication to our Lord, 
we hope all of us will soon be back filling the pews on 

A Christmas program by the youngsters and a cantata 
by the choir was given Sunday, December 22. 

Mrs. F. P. Schroedl 


DECEMBER 31, 1967, the undersigned began a six- 
months period as interim pastor of the Oakville 
First Brethren Chui-ch. He commuted to OakvUle on 
Saturdays and return home usually on Sunday after- 
noons. Some calling was done and the church encour- 
aged and we hope sU-engtliened. Two prayer groups met 
regularly which was a great source of strength and en- 
couragement. When we left, June 16, ten had been baptiz- 

ed and received into the church: three were mothers, the 
others adult young people or school students, mostly in 
high school. We thank God for this opportunity to serve 
them again after being away from that field for exactly 
S years to the Sunday. We had served them as pastor 
for several years at that time. 

July 7, 1968, we began as intermin pastor of our loccil 
Wabash Church. Since then we have been given a call 
to be their regular pastor to continue until September, 
1969, or upon mutual agreement. This church is five 
years old and after the effecti\'e work of Rev. and Mrs. 
Dana Hartong, the "field" is wide open, but the adversar- 
ies are many. However, we believe a steady growth upon 
a good foundation is being realized. Several families have 
gone out to "missionary" ser\'ice at Lost Creek, Shipshe- 
wana and Marion. God is sending in other families and 
workers to take their places. Some much needed improve- 
ments have been made or are planned for the near fu- 
ture — a new gas furnace in the parsonage which is 
rented and not being used by the pastor, and an im- 
proving of the entire heating system in the church will 
be attempted before too long. The undersigned is happy 
that he can be used by the Lord in this field. Brethren, 
pray for us. 

Rev. Arthur H. Tinkel 

1 ,000 Profane Tongues 


AMERICAN TRADITIONS and institutions, from our 
schoolyards to the altars of our chiu-ches, are under- 
going radical and swift change. 

In the vanguard of this assault on established traditions 
is the congress of left-leaning, loquacious youth called 
the "Student for Democratic Action." 

The movement is estimated to have more than 150 chap- 
ters on campuses all across the nation and a membershii) 
in excess of 35,000. Its attitude may be summed up in 
the words of an SDS member from the University of 
North Carolma who said recently: "I don't owe this 
(obscenity) counti-y anything!" 

Congressman Albert W. Watson of South Carolina has 
placed in the Congressional Record information which 
illuminates the subversive aspects of the SDS. Pointing 
to the tragic disorders of Chicago during the Democra.tic 
Party's national convention there, the Congressman says: 
". . . Tom Hayden, a founder of SDS, was arrested twice 
during the Chicago melee . . . and the goals of SDS have 
been placed in clearer perspective. The American peo- 
ple, through the eye of television cameras, have observed 
firsthajid what the New Left envisions for the future of 
this nation. (They) have publicly challenged those re- 

sponsible for maintaining the internal security of this 
nation to eitlier act to curtaO their activities or face a 
real threat to the structure of our government." 

As for the April riots which brought Columbia Univer- 
sity to a standstUl SDS president Tom Hayden said: 
"Columbia opened a new tactical stage in the resistance 
movement which began last fall (1967)." He was quoted 
in the Chicago Tribune as saying that if coUege admin- 
istratoi-s do not msLke themselves subordinate to stu- 
dents, "we will close them — the colleges — all down." 
The first issue of the SDS magazine, published recently, 
contained a tribute to the work of the late guerrilla war- 
fare expert Che Guevara. 

Michael Laski, California leader of the Marxist-Lenin- 
ist wing of the Communist Party: "The SDS is a prime 
target for infiltration because it invites a broad cross- 
section of opinion." Communist Party boss Gus Hall j 
said: "Fronts are a thing of the past. We don't need i 
them, we've got the DuBois Clubs, SNCC, and SDS go- | 
ing for us." 

Yes, SDS is ali\-e and flourishing in its second year of 
activity. It craves change, and its philosophy is a contra- | 
diction of all America under God stands for today. j 

January 4, 1969 

Page Twenty-five 



As I WRITE, this day is called Vetei-ajis Day (for- 
merly AiTTiistice Day of 50 yeai-s ago), Thanksgiv- 
ing is just around the comer, Richard M. Nixon has 
just been dedared the president-elect of these United 
States, the first snow of the season is upon us here in 
Western Pennsylvania, the year is di'awing to a close and 
I've just read a real disturbing article on Dope-Drugs. 

It's not likely that what might be said here wUil be 
read by teenaged singles. Our laymen's organization and 
readers of this page are, I'd guess, largely fathers and 
grandfathers. But then, isn't the generation of teen- 
igers and young people we find ourselves living with 
prettj- much what we as fathers and grandfathers 
3rought into being with our indulgences and permis- 
sive attitudes. When dad has to ask his teen-agei-, "may 
[ use the cai- tonight?" it's time fathers return to be- 
ing heads of our homes. Nope, I'm no dictator or son 
if a dictator, but I seem to recall that when my Dad 
told me to do something, I did it. 

This "freedom of e.xpression" bit is producing a hor- 
rible crop. "Don't-cross-a-chUd" psychology has failed. It's 
BXtremely high time parents keep track of the children. 

The article referred to above is titled: 

"The Deadly Fad: Drugs" 

ind is found in the No\'ember 10, 1968, issue of 
'Straight," a fine young people's weekly published by 
Standard Publishing Co. of Cincinnati. It gives case his- 
tories of individuals and groups involved in the peddling 
>f L.S.D., marijuana and heroin, w-ith the awful effects 
these acids are having on our nation. 

No matter how much we stick our heads in the sand 
frying to ignore the drug mis-use situation, we have to 
admit its presence, inform our young people in plain 
"ashion about it, get it out into the open as Straight has 
lone for its readers and warn to high hea\-en against it. 
I Don't you think that we ha\'e a tendency, as we're in- 
volved and working with a good group of youngsters, to 
najor and even confine our remarks in our young peo- 
ple's meeting and junior high and high school classes in 
jhe Sunday School, to the good, the beautiful and the 
rue.) I'm believing that the time is ripe to speak out 
vith every boldness against the social e\'ils of our daj' 
•uch as drugs, dope, drinking, dancing, smoking, porno- 

graphy, sabbath desecration, etc., any combination of 
which can turn a soul to Hell. 

The Church should lead the way in pressing for a re- 
turn to old-fashioned, Bible morality; and do you know- 
something, its up to us parents and grandparents. The 
watchman on the walls of the cities of ancient Israel 
were responsible for the sounding of the w-arning. So are 
we. Watcliman, what of the night? 

Well, its almost time to sing Christmas carols and get 
the yuletide shopping under way (or was that done 
right after the 4th of July?). Men, we wish you a blessed 
Christmas. F. S. B. 

Subscribe -Fo 


■Fhrough the 


Page T\venty-sL\ 

The Brethren Evangelist I 

N. L. 0. 

&(f. (^eon^e Sc^udter 

• I 'HE TITL£ of this article does not necessarily per- 
1 tain to a governmental agency tliat might have 
been conceived during the early depression years of 1929 
into the thirties. The gi-oup that these letters depict 
was assembled or conceived at General Conference in 
tlie year 1919, The National Laymen's Organization. 

After reading the Histoi-y of The Brethren Church by 
Albert T. Ronk, D.D., it occurred to me that although 
the Brethren denomination was brought into existence 
through the efforts of a few dedicated and God-fearing 
men, it is also pointed out that the women of the church 
began to seriously consider their importance in the 
church around 1883. 

With their importance so e\'idenit in the past and pres- 
ent I would like to include them in this article by refer- 
ring to the term laity rather than laymen. After lall, 
laity is defined as, "the people collectively: distinguished 
from clergy." There seems to ha\-e been a sort of com- 
petiti\'e spirit developed between the Laymen's Organi- 
zations and the Missionary Societies, penhaps more so 
on a local level than district and national, and I believe 
this is healthy. Yet, there are so many facets of the work 
in the church where co-mpetition must go by the board 
and co-operation must take its place. 

One need not spend much time in reading, listening to, 
or viewing the various methods of news media today to 
fuUy realize that ithe world is a series of battlefronts, 
either political, economic, or spiiritual, to name a few. 
Therefore, the church today is direly in need of power, 
not necessarily manpower, but peoplepower, if I may be 
permitted to coin a word. 

It seems that every year, the church is statistically 
l>eing bombarded with a truth that really hurts. Busi- 
ness, industi-y, institutions, especially in the educational 
field, population is e.Npanding at a terrific pace; yet, we 
find the numerical and spiritual growth of the church 
I)raotically at a standstill if not retarded in some cases. 

In my mind there is only one reason that is responsi- 
ble for this condition. The feelijig of too many, far too 
many people, in the church with the attitude that lead- 
ership in the church is all one should be interested in. 
And not all are qualified for such positioins, consequently 
many people ai-e just sitting back comfortably (?1 and 
letting the spiritual church go by. 

Theodore Roosevelt is quoted as once saying, "If any 
one asks you whether you can do a job, answer, 'Certain- 
ly I can', then go out and find out how to do it." What 

does it take to be a good memtier of the laity? That isi 
like asking — what does it take to be a good Christian? 
There is so much territory in ithe vast reaches of the 
church to be co\'ered that not one single member of it 
can say, "there is no room for me." 

Perhaps we might enumerate just a few examples 
where there is room for everyone. First of all, churchi 
attendance. I firmly refuse to believe that in order to 
fill this requirement one needs to be prmdded with am 
academic degree or a doctorate. The lack of attendance^ 
in any cliurch, I feel, is one of the psychological deterr- 
ents to the growith of any congregation, spiritual andi 
otherwise. Let us face one fact squarely, how effective-! 
can the pastorate be of any minister who has to gaze- 
upon so many empty pews at each worship service? 

How effective Ccin the administrating or official board) 
be if no one feels qualified to represent the various aux-,, 
iliaries of the congregation? The lack of attendance and 
such an attitude toward participation in the affairs of the' 
church contributes greatly to the ineffectiveness or will- 
ingness of those who have or may have had a desire tol 
be a part of the working segment of the church. The 
word "evangelization" does nof seem to have much im- 
portance connected with it when accompanied by sudh 
apathy on the part of so many. This sort of condition 
shoiUd not exist especially in a denomination that was 
foiuided by simple determination to believe and stand 
for what the Word of God requires. Unless my interpre 
tation of the histoi-y of The Brethren Church is in error 
I believe that is why it is characteristically known as a 
Bible believing church. 

This brings to mind a fact that was forcefully pointec 
out to this writer at a General Conference a few year; 
ago, and incidentally, was presented by a layman. Per 
haps the only creed, if one wants to designate it as such 
that can be attributed to The Brethren Church is tha' 
of. "The Bible. The Whole Bible, and nothing but th(^ 
Bible." If this be so, why is the presence of this belovet 
Word of God so noticeably lacking in the \'arious sen'icei' 
of the church? Those of us who may be sportsmindec- 
know that is highly impractical, if not downright unethi 
cal to go bowling without toiting a bag with a sixteen- 
pound ball and a pair of bowling shoes in it. How manji: 
people have we observed going out on -the golf links withf 
out first dragging out a set of clubs in a big leather bafi 
to be bm-dened with in order to participate in the sport' 
Men who work in various trades need so many tools t<t 

lanuarj 4, 1969 

Page Twenty-seven 

ivork with that in ma:iy instances a pick-up truck is 
needed to haul them in. Yet the tool needed for the 
ivork of evangelizing weighs but a few ounces and still 
seems to be excess baggage. 

It seems tliat nai-y a children's progi-am is produced 
without the little kindergarten group giving out a lusty 
rendition of "The B-I-B-L-E, yes that's the Book for me." 
But to many of us sitting in the audience these words do 
lothing but perhajjs bring back a bit of nostalgia. 

One other reason for lack of co-operation on the part 
>f many is something that \vc fail to notice when these 
ittle tots perform hi children's programs, is what is 
known as "stage fright." To those who use tliis as a mode 
to stand in the wings, it can be said, and speaking lo any 
jrofessional performer wUl bear out this fact, that this 
>hobia is one that seldom if ever is completely overcome. 

The support of that person who has definitely been 
called by our Lord to become a shepherd of a congrega- 
ional flock, or leader in the denomination, is a place 
.vhere all must participate. It must be kept in mind at 
ill times how discouraging this type of occupation can be 
It times. We, the laity, occupy our working moments 
.vith either a commodity or a career in some technologi- 
cal occupation; but a pastor, i.e., deals with something 
lifferent — people. People with an infinite variety of 
leeds and desires. People with innumerable outlooks on 
ife itself. People with all types of prejudices, sins, and 
.-irtues. Although many men and women, too, have been 
lesignated by God to lead His people in one way or an- 
)ther ever since the time of Moses, he and they, also, 
u-e prwided with the same characteristic as that of laity; 
lamely, to be human. Mantled with such a cloak, they 
ire also subject to the practice of committing errors of 
udgment at times. Knowing fuU well that he wiU un- 
loubtedly meet with opposition, although he presents 
-he Gospel to the best of his ability backed by Biblical 
:heol0igy, the laity owe it to him and to themselves 
o support him to the fullest extent; bO'th from a moral 
md financial standpomt. Lack of such support in the 
last has probably been the major factor for <the decline 
n the ranks of pastors and missionaries. 

We might look upon the Brethren denomination or any 
lenomination as a great greenhouse or botanical garden, 
jod furnishes the sunshine, moisture, and the other ele- 
nents for growth; but, we must furnish the plants and 
he necessary toil to nurture the growth of the plants, 
rhese various plants can be likened to the \'arious aux- 
liaries of the church. This would be a rather drab 
vorld if all the vegetation present in it would be either 
landelion or spinach, would it not? 

In some respects the church is made up of compunents 
•omparable to those of a complicated piece of machinery 
a a large manufacturing plant. The successful operation 
f the plant depends upon the efficiency with which this 
aachine can produce. Every little bolt, screw, and even 
he largest of gears, has its specified duty to perform. 

If one breaks down, the whole operation must be shut 

The Publishing Company, the OoUege, the Seminary, 
The Mission Board, the Brethren's Home, the Brethren 
Youth, the W.M.S. societies with their related Sister- 
hoods, the N.L.O., and its Brotherhoods are all integrated 
parts of a machine designed to produce that which its 
creator intended, "pi-opagating the Gospel." The ma- 
chine has been designed. The raw materials arc available 
everywhere and at little cost. The salesmen hav-e been 
trained to see to the product's distribution, and there is 
still a market throughout the whole woi-'ld which know- 
ingly or imknowingly is demanding such a vital product. 
So what is the Brethren Church Wciiting for? 

I am looldiig forward to the day when it can be possi- 
ble in worship services, auxiUcLry meetings, district meet- 
ings, district conferences, and especially General Con- 
ference, for someone to come up to me and say, "Move 
over bud, they tell me there's always room for one more." 

Dates: February 2-26, 1969 



Rediscovering His Love" 

S-Fudy Book: 




Ephesians 3:18 

Page Twentj'-eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Finding tlie Boat into History's Mainstream 

A Report on the 

Conference of Historic Peace Cliurches 

by Maynard Shelly 

ARE THE historic peace chui-ches a footnote to his- 
tory? And if they are, do they still have a chance 
to climb upstairs into the main text? 

Sixty people pondered these questions in Noix^ember 
at New Windsor, Maryland, in a consultation of Men- 
nonites. Friends, and Brethren. They seai-ched for their 
identity as peace churches who don't know whether they 
always want to be talking about peace. 

But they talked about the days when they were chang- 
ing the course of world events. And since they don't 
seem to be doing that today, thej' talked about having 
missed tlie boat. To catch the boat would mean becom- 
ing the model of the new society that the whole world 
needs. That won't bo easy, as the group discovered when 
it tried to show how a new society treats dissent. 

John Howard Yoder, professor of theology at Associ- 
ated Mennonite Biblical Seminaries, Elkhart, Indiana, 
raised some of these hard questions for the group and 
suggested some harder answers. 

"The boat which we have just missed" broke up in the 
Vietnam tyranny and ran aground in the shoals of the 
racial-urban crisis of America's cities. 

"These two great sores of our North American society," 
said Yoder, "have been in such a condition in the last 
years that a genuinely Christian testimony incarnated 
in a believers' church style of reconciling life would have 
been an e.vciting option to hosts of questing i^ersons. not 
only youth." 

These people, a few years ago, held a simple and ideal- 
istic pacifist vision and had an uncomplicated dream of 
an integrated society. Neither worked out that wa.w 
Vietnam was escalated and the cities burned. Now many 
of the dreamers are bitterly committed to disruption 
and even violence to destroy the old society in hopes that 
a new order wiU rise from its ashes. 

ilennonites. Friends, and Brethren can trace their 
history back to the radical streams of the Protestant 
Reformation. It was the Anabaptists who sa\\- that 
neither Luther nor Zwingli went far enough in reforming 
the church. For they were content to comtinue the old 
ties of the church with the state. 

"Other Christiaii groups accept war because they 
assume the church is seeking to run society in collabora- 
tion with the state," said Yoder. 

But the peace churches have come to their position, 
not only because they follow the teachings of Jesus for 

the way of love and against the way of violence, but bei 
cause of their view of the church and the state. "They 
ha\-e refused to co-mmit themseh'es to saving the sovi 
ereignty of a given form of government," Yoder said. 

He added, "What permitted Friends, Brethren, and 
Mennonites, in their foi-mati\-e periods, to come out with 
a definite position of refusal to t>ear the sword was noti 
a particular reading on the ethical question but a view 
of the church." 

They saw the church as "free from the state as a 
missionary minority in a society which they did not 
assume to be Christian when evei"yone else did." 

The radical ancestors of today's historic peace churches 
spread with wild contagion through Europe before per 
secution from the established churches cut them dowr 
in the si.xteenth and seventeenth centuries. They hac 
the course of history against them. 

But now things have changed. The alliance betweer 
church and state which began with Constantine in 313 
cracked in tlie Protestant Reformation, and all but com 
pleted its crumbUng in the recent Vatican Council. 

Says Yoder, "There are Catholics creating undergrount 
congregations which are in many ways Anabaptist cells 
There are Lutheran pastors in Germany refusing to bap 
tize the children of their parishioners at the point of be 
ing disciplined. There are Lutheran and Catholic peaci 
mo\'em:-nits with high Christologies and theological ma 
turity. There is more openness to hear our witness thai 
we ha\'e capacity to speak it to other Christians." 

The so-called mainstream of Christianity thus needs ; 
radical Reformation type of church. Now is the seasoi 
for the historic peace church that flourished best whei- 
it was out of season. 

"Should not those churches who ha\'e been arguing oi 
theological grounds for the necessity of this position no 
be able to pro\-ide some guidance and testimony," ask. 
Yoder, "when churches and theologians are comin, 
around to the same con\-iction on practical grounds?" 

But when the time came for the peace churches tl 
act, they couldn't even speak up. They could criticiz' 
the v\-eaknesses of the Vietnam student pacifists and th' 
Sclma integrationists. but they weren't providing an; 

Had the peace chui-ches "invested their best creativit.! 
and personnel in the past five years," this frontier mig'W 
have "been one of those fast-growing edges" and 

January 4, 1969 

Page Twenty-nine 

"ready-to-mine vein in our society where something like 
the original Anabaptism could have flamed up again." 

Why did the peace churches miss the boat? "We were 
rewriting our constitutions. We were minding the store. 
We were providing for balance and continuity. But ac- 
cording to the radical reformation vision of the Mennon- 
ites, Quakers, and Brethren, minding the store is not the 
business of the chureh. The devU and the powers of the 
present age and the apostate churches take care of that," 
said Yoder. 

"Our business is to be turning the chui'ch right side 

But the job doesn't get done, largely because the his- 
toric peace churches don't see this as their job. 

In calling the consultation to New Windsor, Lorton G. 
Heusel, chaii-man of the planning committee and general 
secretai-y of Friends United Meeting, Richmond, Indiana, 
admitted that the peace chtu'ches had not lived up to 
their historical role of working as agents of change in 

"While we once shared the conviction that our calling 
was to radical obedience," he said, "today we all find 
difficulty in maintaining unity within our traditio-ns. In 
fact, acts of obedience acting out the gospel frequently 
become sources of disunity." 

Dorothy Hutchinson, Jenkintown, Pemisylvania, a mem- 
ber cf the Society of Friends, reported on one such act 
that has caused dissent in Quaker circles. And the New 
Windsor group had its own experience of how one per- 
son's obedience is another's bitter pUl. 

Considerable friction has been e.xperienced in Quaker 
groups over the matter of selective conscientious objec- 
tion to war and to draft resistence, "especially when it 
leads into law-breaking, the burning or returning of 
draft cards, the blocking of induction centers." 

Said Dorothy, "We are being taken back to a period in 
our career when we were not so respectable and when 
the law had not fitted itself to our needs as conscientious 

The most dramatic expression came to the Society of 
Friends and to aU Americans in the Quaker Action 
Group's sending of medical supplies to North Vietnam, 
supplies which cost about what eleven seconds of the 
Vietnam war costs the United States Government. 

"But what a hullabaloo there was about it because it 
was aid and comfort to the enemy," said Dorothy, "and 
how we had to search our souls and stUI do and we're 
divided within the Society of Friends as to whether this 
was a legitimate act of mercy or not." 

But even words about obedience can be divisive. Spur- 
red on by the youth delegates to the consultation, a 
group at New Windsor prepared a brief statement calling 
for "creative and Christian responses to people living in 
our ghettos" and for "counseling on the draft and non- 
payment of war ta.xes for those who need it." 

More controversial was a suggestion of "support to 
those called to resist the draft or fto leave the Armed 
Forces, and to offer sanctuary for them if necessary." 

For one hour, the delegates to the consultation debated, 
i indirectly the statement, but more directly whether the 
statement might not rip the fabric of historic peace 
church fellowship. Meetings of the churches have been 
infrequent and for the first time nine members of the 
three traditions had come together at one place. 

"If we make a statement," said Virgil Ingraham of the 

Brethren Church, "there is no provision for a voice of 
dissent." He felt as did others that the groups with a 
recent histoi-y of less activism in the peace arena were 
being coei-ced and tliat their groups would be less wUhng 
to take part in future talks. Ingraham lamented that 
there didn't seem to be room in the "liard core for those 
who are on the peripheiy." 

Supporters of the statement felt that it could open up 
a cuttuig edge of peace church witness to anti-war groups 
and students looking for help. Said BUI Medlin, a Quaker 
student from Kokomo, Indiana, "The boat is here. Don't 
let it go by." 

Speaking for the Brethren in Christ, John E. Zercher, 
Nappanee, IndiaJia, said he represented a gi"Oup tiiat 
would be unliappy if the statement were adopted. He 
asked, "Would it not be possible to receive this as a re- 
port from a concerned group without giving it official 

And so it was laid into the record without a vote or 
note of consensus. Francis G. Brown, a Pliiladelphia 
Friend, noted that the discussion of the different views 
of the peace witness had been beneficial. But he added. 
"I would hope that the record would show that we did 
more than receive this thing. It almost broke us." 

And Walter Klaassen, a Mennonite from Ontario, ob- 
ser\-ed, "I understand now what Jesus meant when He 
said, 'I have not come to bring peace but a sword.' " 

What also seemed to be coming through was the im- 
phcation that the peace witness may well be a minority 
position even within the peace churches wlao themselves 
are minority groups already. 

Yoder saw the inabUity of the peace chiu'ches to "move 
into a witness vacuiun" such as the Vietnam and urban 
crisis as a sign of uncertainty about evangelical pacifism. 
He asked, "Does it not suggest that for many of us, the 
rejection of war is a negative, embarassing legalism 
rather than a proclamation of the good news that God 
loves His enemies and carries us along in His suffering 
servanthood? Does it not suggest that we have oui-sclves 
linked love of enemies with non-drinking, non-dancing, 
and other kinds of non-fun as a renunciation demanded 
by God but not really as a gift of the gospel?" 

But the consultation was stUl stin-ed by a gospel vis- 
ion. "The option for us as the radical reformation 
churches," said T. Canby Jones, a Quaker scholar from 
WUmington, Oliio, "is to be the new society. This is not 
going to be any withdrawTi cultm-al Quakerism, Mennon- 
itism, or Brethrenism out of which the flame and mission 
has died. It is going to be the revolutionary people of 

Dale Brown, Brethren Theological Seminary, Oak 
Brook, Illinois, saw the peace churches with the "unique 
role of being a catalyst or gadfly or guerrilla-type opera- 
tion within Protestantism." 

He added, "We do have a lot of dialogue that needs to 
take place with the evangelicals because tliey take the 
Bible seriously. On the other hand, we have a lot of 
dialogue that needs to take place with those who are 
\-ei-y much concerned about society — the so-called lib- 
eral Christians or mainstream Christianity." 

Another dialogue would be with univereity students. 
C. Wayne Zunkel, Church of the Brethren pastor from 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, saw the possibility of a witness 
program developed as a "religious \'ersion of Students 
for a Democratic Society." Rather than sending chap- 

Page Thirty 

lajns to university campuses as most large denominations 
have done, he suggested that the peace churches help 
students come together for a shared life of study and 
action. "This would not simply be to nurture our own 
youth, but to become evangelistic for the free church 
style and the peace concern that we have on the uni- 
versity campus." 

The consultation looks forward to some common peace 
church efforts. They expressed the hope that Brethren, 
Friends, and Mennonites might work together to prepare 
a witness against military conscription. 

Hope was expressed that "a serious study be made of 
the economic structui'e that makes poverty possible in 
our society and the kind of legislation that would alter 
the inequities." 

Bible study conferences, youtli meetings, and a study 
of what it means to be a historic peace ohuroh were 
placed on the list of future projects. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

WiUiam G. WUloughby, Brethren professor from 
Bridgewater, Virginia, suggested a world conference ot 
"lay people to speak to the governments of the world." 
He felt that at this critical juncture of history, "a gath-j 
ering of people who might speak from their hearts" might; I 
be the fulfOlment of a prophetic office. I 

Nine groups representing one of the three historic 
peace church traditions sent sixty representatives to the 
November 19-21 meeting. The groups were: the Men-! 
nonite General Conference, Scottdale, Pemisylvania ; the 
General Conference Mennonite Church, Newton, Kansas; 
the Mennonite Brethren Churches, Hillsboro, Kansas; 
the Brethren in Christ, Nappanee, Indiana; the Friends 
General Conference, Philadelphia; Friends United Meet- 
ing, Richmond, Indiana; the Church of the Brethren, 
Elgin, Illinois; and the Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio. 
The unaffiliated meetings of the Society of Friends were 
also represented. 

World Religious News 

in Review 


Basel, Switzerland (EP) — Death, as 
he slept, took world renowned theolo- 
gian Karl Barth here December 10, 
i-obbing the world of a widely read 
and quoted Pix>testant educator. 

Bai'th was the author of 10 volumes 
elaborating a foi-midable and intri- 
cate Protestantism that stressed the 
spiritual nature of true religion — 
faith in Christ, the Church of Christ 
and tlie Bible as His witness. 

As a young clergyman during 
World War I Barth published his first 
bombshell attack on the dominant 
"liberal" thology of the day. He 
was an outspoken critic of the Third 
Reich as a professor at the Uni\-ersity 
of Bonn and was arrested, tried, 
found guilty of "seducing the minds 
of German students" and e.xpelled 
from Germany in 1935. 

Markus, his son, a professor of the 
New Testament at Pittsburgh Theol- 
ogical Seminary, said his father 
strongly disliked two things above 
others: The plight of Negroes in 
slums and the influence of coanmer- 
cial sponsors on television program- 

Barth is survived by his widow, a 
daughter and three sons. 


Indianapolis (EP) — Lawmakers in 
Indiana can't get the Amish people 
in their state to mount bright orange 
reflectors on then- buggies because 
the sect leaders consider the modern 
contraptions "too gay." 

Governor Roger Branigan has or- 
dered a moratorium on enforcement 
of the reflector until a hearing can 
be convened. 

Meanwhile, The Christian Century 
has editorialized against the Amish, 
calling their stand absurd because 
they are "willing to jeopardize not 
only their own lives but the lives of 
motorists by their paranoid pureuit 
of personal righteousness." 

However, the magazine stated that 
"It is difficult to criticize them with 
a clear conscience in light of the 
fact that the mainstream Christian 
churches have all but abandoned the 
effort to discover the meaning of the 
Biblical word 'sanotifioation.' " 


Seattle (EP) — ^In a letter to his 
congregation the Rev. Robert A. 
Thomas, pastor of the University 
Christian Church here, revealed the 

degree of pressure on clergymen to- 
day. He wrote : 

"The pastor of a large ui'bani 
church is involved in an inerediblei 
\-ariety of relationships and activities. 

"This morning I talked to a young, 
man whose marriage has disintegrat- 
ed, a yoimg couple whose baby of a 
few months had just died and a mid- 
dle-aged man whose physical and 
emotiomal problems have incapacita-i 
ted him for years. 

"I had already been here long 
enough to prepai'e the copy for Sun- 
day's order of worship, write several ' 
pieces for The Visitor (the church 
bulletin) and share an early cup of 
coffee with some of the staff. 

"As soon as this is finished I go toj 
the university for a meeting. After | 
tliat I conduct a funeral service in 
the chapel and a burial service at 
the cemetery. 

"Then I will make thi-ee calls at 
downtown hospitals, one on a very 
old lady, another on a lovely young, 
woman who has endured more suffer- 
ing in her brief years than anybody 
I have known and a third on a teach- 
er whose immediate physical problem 
has not been diagnosed. 

"Then it's home for a brief dinner 
hour followed by a committee meet- 
ing tonight. . . . 

"We go from rejoicing at the birth 
of a new baby to sharing with a fam-, 
ily in its loss of a loved one to listen- 
ing to a student tell of exciting dis- 
coveries. ... to Ustening to a mem-; 
ber of the congregation fume about! 
'hippies' to worry with the business' 
manager about a financial problem" 
... to chairing a boai-d meeting of » 

Janiiary 4, 1969 

Page Thirty-one 

large social agency to times of medi- 
tation and study." 


Atlantic City <EP) — The omission 
of treatment may sometimes ha\-e to 
be considered by pliysicans in hand- 
ling the cases of the old, helpless, 
hopeless cases, a prominent surgeon 
said here. 

The subject of euthanasia was 
brought up by Dr. Preston Allen 
Wade of New Yorl< City, new presi- 
dent of the American College of 

The surgeon, he said, "sacrifices 
human dignity at the time of death 
if his treament only prolongs the 
process of dying and adds to the 
suffering of patient and his family," 
Wade said. 


Washiiig1«n, D.C. (EP) — Alcohol- 
ism is being underscored by the L,a- 
bor Department as a major cause of 
ghetto unemployment. 

"Alcoholism is a factor to be faced 
in placing pai-ticipants in national 
manpower training and development 

programs which aim at full employ- 
ment in an expanding economy," the 
department's Manpower Administra- 
tion said in a statement. 

"A good job is also a factor in 
helping such persons to battle their 
problems," it said. 


Chicago (EP)— Some 2,000 Baptists 
representing half a dozen different 
conventions attended a Crusade of 
the Americas rally in Chicago despite 
a t\v'0-inch snowfall and a last minute 
change of meeting place. 

The Moody Memorial Churcli de- 
cided not to pei-mit the use of its 
building because of the church's 
boai'd of du'ectors objected to the 
theological views and pacifist stand 
of one of the speakers, Culbert Rut- 

The offending individual, president 
of the American Baptist Convention 
and a professor at Andover-Newton 
Theological Seminary in Newton Cen- 
ter, Mass., was one of three major 
speakers for the rally. The meeting 
was moved to Medina Temple and ail 
publicity pieces changed by hand. 

As a result of the interracial rally 
involving Southern, Swedish, German 

and Negro Baptists in the Chicago 
area there is a possibility that quar- 
terly meetings may be held for Bap- 
tist pastors in the Chicago area to 
plan and work closer together, an 
official said. 


Los Angeles (EP) — Since the 
televised seance wliich allegedly re- 
vealed a communication between 
Bishop James Pike and his dead son, 
religious mediums have been increas- 
ingly busy. 

Spiritualists report "tremendous in- 
terest" in psychic phenomena, reduc- 
ing wliat mediums describe as relig- 
ious persecution and charges of fak- 
eiy from unbelievers in the move- 

Mediums say they ai-e getting 
speaking invitations from chiirches 
and colleges, while books by seers 
such as Ruth Montgomeiy are en- 
joying good saies. 

The new public attention, says the 
Rev. Arthur Ford, one of the best 
known religious mediums, must find 
the spiritualist movement putting less 
emphasis on its "gifts" and more on 
essentials of religion — "eternal love 
and eternal life." 

The Brethren PubUshing Company 
524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Gentlemen : 

The undersigned, 

Ipleiise unnt naiiiej 


^, wishes to purchase 

$1,000.00 Bonds 

$500.00 Bonds 

My check in the amount of $_ 

to cover the purchase is enclosed. 


(number and street) 

(city, slate, ziocode) 

Page Thirty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist! 

Be Sure to 


in a 

Brethren Future 

Buy Brethren Publishing Improvement Bonds 

Bonds are in $500 or $1,000 denominations, pay- 
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See inside back cover for application 

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The Brethren Publishing Company 
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CONDITIONS: These Bonds are available to all members, organizations and 
friends of The Brethren Church for the purpose of financing capital equip- 
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Company and for retiring present indebtedness. Interest has been set at 5 
percent per annum, payaWe semi-annually. Principle payments will be de- 
ferred for five years from date of issue. 




/<^e 'Siet^nctt 


Vol. XCI 

January 18, 1969 

No. 2 

TCe. "B'tStUcit 




Editor af Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionai-y Society 

Mrs, Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization 

Mr. Floyd Benshoff 

Missionary Board Mi-s. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Miss Kathy Miller 

Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Miss Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Bui-koy 

Published biweekly ( twenty -sLx issues per year) 


524 College Avenue 

Ashlajid, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 333-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 

$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashlajid, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at speoial raite, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least tha-ee weeks in ad\'ance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to abo\-e address. 

Prudential Conuiiittee : 

Elton Wliitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George VJ. Solomon. 

In I his Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editoriai: "A Good Prescription" 3 

Sisterhood Program Materials for February .... 4 
Signal Lights Pn;gram Materials for February . . 8 

"Missions Live-In — UCLA Missions 

Conference ChaUenges Youth" 9 

"The Blessed Invitajtion: 'Come!' " 

by Rev. R. Glen Tra\-er 10 

"Where They Stand — Tlie Faiths Represented 
by Nixon's Cabinet" 12 

The Missionary Board 13 

"DisoLplesihip in the City" 

by Rev. Brian Moore 17 

World Religious News in Review 20 

"Love's Durability" 

by Rev. Gene Hollinger 22 

Bryan, Ohio 26 

The Brethren Layman 27 

The Board of Christian Education 30 




DWIGHT WHARTON, a pressman in the 
•hit shop, passed away on Thursday, Janu- 
ary 9, 1969, in an Akron, Oliio, hospital following an 
illness of several weeks. He had not worked since 
early in No'vember. 

Mr. Whartoin had been associaited with The Breth- 
ren Publishing Company for many years. 

He was a member of the Clirist's United Metho- 
dist Church here in Ashland. His funeral was con- 
ducted on Monday. January 13 with Re\'. Paul Frees 
in charge. 


' I 'HE ANNUAL will be coming to you vei-y short-l 
1 ly now. It is off the press and is aboiut ready; 
for mailing. We are sorry for the delay in getting] 
this issue cut to you. Our men in the shop bavei 
been working overtime in order to get it completed.l 
Since we have been short one pressman these: 
several weeks, the work in the shop has been slow-, 
ed down considerably. Again, we are sorry and wei 
are hoping that this situation wiU not e.xist next 
fall when time comes to print the Annual. 


WE KNOW you ai-e interested in the progresi 
of acquisition of the new equipment. As toj 
date, the two old presses have been removed fron 
the shop: the oai-penter is to begin his work ve 
shortly on the dark room and superintendent's of4| 
fice. The Davidson 600 Offset Press has been shipi 
ped -as well as the new proof press. ' 

The other equipment is to be shipped \'ery shortly, i 
We are looking forward to receiving this equip 
ment and to get it into operation. 


If I could have the whole wide world; 

It's silver and it's gold, 
I'd rather have my Saviour's love; 

A place within His fold. 

I have no faith in mammon's power; 

I'm trusting in the Lord; 
For He has blessed me far beyond 

What this world could afford. 

The measure of men's great success 

Is not by what they own; 
It is by lives of servitude; 

And not by faith alone. 

I might be rich in earthly goods. 

And yet a pauper be. 
If, by my lust, my soul was lost 

For all eternity. 

Norman McPherson 

January 18, 1969 

Page Tliree 



/? ^ood Vrescnption 

TN A recent news item the following was written : 
"For insomnia, neuroticism and peptic ulcers, 
the l)est antidote is 'Vitamin R,' namely 'Religion,' 
according to Dr. George W. Crane. 

"In response to Case H-573, the doctor said that 
when people worship colored tablets and bottled 
medicines they are growing idolatrous. 

" 'Indeed, the rise of psychiatry is an indirect 
indictment of the decline in religion,' Dr. Crane 
said. 'A finn partnership with the Almighty gives 
you a wider, cosmic perspective. This dwarfs 
petty daily irritations. It then lets you fall asleep 
without knocking yourself out with a chemical 
club inside your cranium. Remember, too, that 
the drugs you consume will thus impose an extra 
burden on your life and kidneys and usually your 

" 'Get on God's team so you can then relax at 
might by asking Him to take over the night shift 
for you,' the journalist physician stated." 

As I read this item I was reminded of the bit of 
Scripture in the fourth chapter of Philippians 
which reads: "Those things, which ye have both 
learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, 
do : and the God of peace shall be with you." Our 
God is a God of peace and the Christian can know 
■the peace that comes from Him. 

It is a known fact that a dedicated Christian 
who lives as Christ would have him live does not 
have the problems of life to contend with as does 
the non-Christian. The Christian soon learns to 
place his complete trust in God and leaves many of 
his problems with Him. One of the greater bless- 
ings of being Christian is that of being able to lie 
down at night in peace knowing that whatever 
happens all is well with the soul. Also, the Chris- 
tian does have the ability to allow God "to take 
over the night shift." 

j\Iost pastors recognize the fact that if an indi- 
\-idual with problems will give himself completely 
to God's care that the psychologist or the psychi- 
atrist are not needed. Let it be said now that if 
the Christian thinks it necessary to visit the pro- 
fessional psychologist or psychiatrist he should 
be sure that these men are also Christian ! There 
are times when such professional help is needed 
but let it be of Christian nature. 

Dr. Crane is right when he prescribes "Vitamin 
R" which is religion for it does much to soothe 
the troubled heart. 

Jesus said: "Come to me, all who labor and 
are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take 
my yoke upon you and learn from me: for I am 
gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest 
for your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my bur- 
den is light." 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Devotional Program for Februaryi 

C'aJl to Worship: 

Psalm 23 

Song Service 
Circle of Prayer 

Bible Studies: 

Senior: "Hang-ups Of Hate" 
Junior: "I Am tlie Good Sheiplierd" 

Discussion Questions: 

Senior : Discussion from cliosen book 

Special Music 


"Spirit of Sisterhood" 

S.M.M. Benediction 


Read John 10:11-18 


LAST MONTH, you remember, we talked about Jesus 
as tlie picture of the Door of the sheep. It was very 
natural for Him -to move from the Dooir to ithe picture of 
the Good Shepherd. Both were illusti-ations easily under- 
stood by the people who were hearing Him. They were 
familiar with the fold for the sheep, its manner of con- 
sti-uction, its single opening, and the ousitom of the shep- 
herd to he at the opening as a human barrier separating 
the sheep and tlie dangers which might await outside. 
They were famUiar with tlie work of a shepherd, and 
probably knew wliat all was involved in caring for the 

Jesus called Himself the "Good Shepherd." Then the 
first thing He says about the good shepherd is that "the 
good shepherd layeth down bis life for the sheep." A 
good shepherd will give his life for the safety of his 
sheep. Of course, His listeners didn't understand at this 
time the full significance of tliese pictures. It was only 
after His crucifixion that they remembered His sayings 
and realized He was planning to give His life for us, the 

Christ then conti'asts the good shepherd to an hireling| 
We would translate an hireling as "hired man." Th(l| 
sheep don't beilong to hdm and he really doesn't hav* 
much interest m them. He just watches them to eai-i 
some money. Ftor him it is only a job. Jesus may havi 
been referring to the Pharisees and scribes who used thei 
positions for personal gain. 

To the good shepherd each sheep is a personal concerni 
In those shepherd countries there is a veiy close bonii 
between ithe flock and the one who cares for them. The; 
are his friends and he is personally interested in ead 
one. Jesus uses His close relationship witti the Fa.the^ 
to further show His devotion to the sheep. 

Jesus was speaking to Jews for whom He was thi 
promised Messiah. As Jesus talked about being a shefi 
herd, they probably thought about their great King Davii 
wlio was also a shepherd. But Jesus includes Gentiles i\ 
this flocl< as He says, "And other sheep I ha\'e, whici 
are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and theii 
shall hear My voice; and there shall be one fold, and om 
shepherd." That would be correctly translated to sa 

January 18, 1969 

Page Five 

"one flock and one shepherd." This one flock is the Church 
made uip of sheep called cot of the foJd of Israel and of 
the "o'ther sheep." 

Following this statement Jesus makes a magnlficant 
claim. He says, "I lay down my life, that I might take it 
again. No man takeith it from me, but I lay it down of 
myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power 
to take it again." We know in history many men who have 
sacrificed their lives for their country or for someone else's 
life. Jesus here is claiming He will not only give His life 
of His own accord but that He has the power to take His 
life back again. We knew He did just that when He rose 
from >the grave. No man e.xcept Christ has ever conquered 
death. Therefore, as our Shepherd He can lead us through 
e\'ery situation, e\'en through "the vailey of the shad<yw 
of death." 

The characteristics of sheep illustrate some spiritual 
traits of human beings. Sheep have little or no sense of 
direction and tend to wander off and lose their way. Men 
do the same thing in spiritual things. If we don't look to 
Christ for direction in our daily life, we will soon find 
ourselves off ti-ack. 

Sheep are also known for their inability to protect 
themselves. A flock that wanders off by itself may be de- 
stroyed by wild beasts or other natural dangers. Sheep 
need a shepherd. This is also true of men spiritually. It 
is true even of Christians, wlio are Christ's sheep. Bc- 
lie\'ei^s cannot protect themselves in their own strength. 
Their enemies — the world, the flesh, and the devil — are 

far stronger than they. We need not fear, however be- 
cause the Good Shepherd will protect them. 

Sheep cannot find pasture fur themselves. Flocks left 
to themselves have been known to starve on the range- 
lands because they could not find the grass. Christians 
alsa need a Shepherd to guide them into rich pasture 
and "beside the still waters." Christ's tmder-shepherds 
today are the ministers and lay peoiile who guide and 
direct with His guidance. 

Later in this chapter is a passage we didn't include in 
our reading. Jesus is being questioned furtlier liy the 
Jews. They demand further proof of His deity. In verse 
26-28 Jesus answers, ". . . ye believe not, because ye are 
nut of my sheep . . . My sheep hear my voice, and I 
know them, and they follow me: And I give unto them 
eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall 
any man pluck them out of my hand." 

He-re in two short verses Jesus summarizes the rela- 
tionship between Himself and His sheep. First, they hear 
His voice; second, they fellow Him, and third, He gives 
them eternal life. Are you one of His sheep? Have you 
lieard His \-oice? Are you following His leading? Is He 
j'Gur shepherd? 

Questions for disiussion: 

1. To what limits will the Shepherd protect His sheep? 

2. Who are the hirelings in the Church today? 

.3. Hijw does a minister's job compare to that of a shep- 





UCH IS WRITTEN AND SPOKEN about the \-ar- 
ious ijhysical, mental, emotional and spiritual prob- 
lems of mankind. A problem which isn't recognized, or a 
problem which isn't resoh'ed can, over a period of time, 
become such an obsession that it colors and cripples a 
victim's life. When this happens we say such a person 
has a "hang-up." The very word paints a picture of a 
person suspended in mid-air unable to make any progress 
in any direction, unable to find a firm basis as a start- 
'ing point for action. He's utterly helpless, utterly miser- 
able, utterly "hoioked" on the prongs of his own special 

Although the word we use to describe such a condi- 
|tion in modern life is new, the condition of a hang-up is 
!as old as man himself. Adam and Eve found themselves 
lin just such a place as a result of their wilful pride and 
disobedience, and now in the book of Esther we find 
Haman deceived by one of the oldest of man's sins, the 
v^ery desparate hang-up of hate. 

You will remember that Queen Esther in a \-ery clever 
move had invited her husband King Xerxes and the prime 
minister Haman to a lavish feast. One would think that 
the wjly Haman would be for once filled with satisfaction 
and joy at this overt sign of the queen's fa\-or, but Ha- 
man hated Mordecia so bitterly that this horrible hate- 
monster of his own making now ruled every corner of 
his life, outside and inside. True, Hanian did brag to 
his v\-ife and to his friends of the "things" he had achiev- 
ed, but Haman, though a man alert to the "things" of 
life was utterly unaware of their significances. He did 
not sense any "hidden" purpose in Esther's gracious invi- 
tation. Many people today are much like Haman. Our 
world puUs hard for "things," yet, when we have ac- 
quired such "things" we are sometimes restless and un- 
liappy as was Haman. Our possessions have come to pos- 
sess us, rather than our possessing them. Thus, a great 
internal confUct is set in motion within us. 

Haman's nagging internal conflict was the result, so 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangel i^l 

Uie Bible tells us, of his intense hatred for Mordeoia 
(Esther 5:9-13). If you are miserable in the midst of 
rich material things and in the successes of life, look 
inward to find the source of your own wretchedness. It 
may not be the hate hang-up of Haman's, bmt it is almost 
certain to be one of the sins of the spirit which slowly 
destixjys the "inner" you. After isolating the hidden dis- 
ease within, then look outward and upward unto Christ, 
the author and finisher of our faith. He is the physician 
of the soul. He alone has the healing for the wounds 
and festering His of the spirit. 

Let us return to the unfortunate Haman who in a fren- 
zy of hate now has had a gaUows made upon which he 
plans to hang his arch enemy Mordecia. In the mean- 
time, the king a poor sleeper ran out of Soiminex and in 
the borderline of sleep and awakeness had a terrible 
n'ghtmare. To contemplate the murdei- of a nation 
would likely give a man nightmares. To lull the disturb- 
ed king into peace, his servants began to read to him 
from the court records, certainly dull enough to put any 
king to sleep. But, what was this? In the official rec- 
ords was kept a list of the names of men who were called 
"Benefactors of the King." Herein was written the rec- 
ord of Mordecia's saving the king from the ploit of assas- 
sins. The mercurial Xer.^es suddenly found his cold 
heart warmed with a great love for his new "oldest" and 
dearest friend, the Jew Mordecia. Of course, this was the 
very same Jew whom Xerxes liad condemned to death 
just prior to his nightmare. 

All thoughts of sleep departed, Xer.xes called liis jirimo 
minister Haman and asked that fateful question, "What 
sliould be done to honor a man whom the king delighleth 
to honor?" Poor old Haman who always intei-preted e\- 
erylhing in terms cf himself, naturally supposed that the 
Iving was about to give him, Haman, his just dues. The 
l<ing w-as; he most certainly was, but the just dues were 
not to be what Haman had expected — far from it. The 
greedy Haman rubbed his oily little hands and purposed 
in his little black heart. (Read chapter 6 of Esther, 
verses 8 and 9 to see the gi-eat honor Hamaji planned 
for his own gloi-y. ) 

Xerxes was well pleased with Haman's suggestjions, 
and coimm?nded the shocked fellow to do all these great 
honors untio the Jew Mordecia! How cruel life is to us 
when we have so consistently misused it! How relentless, 
how destructive evil can be when we are wed to her 
and pledged to her purpose. How merciless the wages 
of hate. There are two great forces in life; lo'\e and 
liate, but love is the only strength which makes tilings 
one without destroying them. Love always creates his 
own personality and helps others create theirs. Hate 
creates nothing l)ut evil and chaos. It can ne^-er be the 
instrument which will reconcile men to God and to one 
anotlier. It is the great separator of life, the mf)st deadly 
of all hang-ups of the heart and mind. 

It is then in this state tliat the king and Human at- 
tend Esther's Ijanquet. It took two days to eat their 
way through the main course and to arrive at the ban- 
quet of wines. Sodden in food and soaked in wine, the 
l^ing asked Esther to make her special request to h'm, for 
it was the custom for the king to grant a great favor at 
such a moment. At this point Esther revealed to the 
king her true nationality. She was a Jewess and the 
cousin of Mordecia. She also told the king that Haman's 

plot would destroy her and her people. She asked that 
he spare them all. 

As usual the tempermental king flies into his favorite 
tantrum of rage, and shouting violent words he promptly 
sentences the terrified Haman to the gallows where he 
dies on his very own hang-up of hate Which he had so 
diligently prepared for Mordecia. The irony of such a 
fate dumfounds the reader of Esither even thous- 
ands of years after the event takes place. In a face- 
about extreme Xerxes now takes off his ring and gives 
it to the Jew Mordecia! So had Pharoah given his ring 
to Joseph, so we can assume that Mordecia was now in- 
\-ested with the same great authority Joseph had possess- 

However, Esther's main task was not the glory of 
Mordeoia, nor the death of Ham^an. She had a much 
greater purpose of heart and soul, the deliverance of the 
Jewish nation. It was illegal and also unthinkable for 
Xer.xes to revoke a law he had himself made. It must 
never appear that he, Xerxes, had made a mistake. So 
it was now up to Mordecia and Esther to formulate a 
new decree which would cast no disparagement on the 
first, but which would at the same time sajve the Jews 
who were condemned to death by the first proclamation. 
Was ever a woman faced with such a ticklish situation? 

A possible solution to this problem now became the 
\'ery center of Esther's thinking. It was to be her "soul" 
experience, one which would demand her whole person. r| 

There was yet nine months before the first decree to 
murder the Jews was to be can-led out. Though the mail 
ser\-ice and post office speed of these Persians is am' 
historical fact, travel was stiU slow. There was a good 
possibility that Moirdecia in his new complete authority 
could send out a second decree by fast camel which would 
outrun the first messengers. Thus, the second decree 
would an-ive before the first. It all depended upon the 
camels. My, what a puzzle that must have been, Mor- 
decia's new decree gave the Jews the right to bear arms, 
to defend himself when the appointed day of his slaughter 
arri\'ed. According to the first decree the Jew could not 
l>ear arms. Although the second decree did not nullify 
the first, the Jew was warned and he was prepared. 

The appointed day of death came. The Jews met it 
well armed. They were not magnanimous to the attack- 
ing Persians. The Jews have never shown kindness and 
tolerance to other nationalities. The intolerance of otlicr 
nations to the Jew has become a part of his national char- 
acter too. We seem always to absorb the worse charac- 
teristics of those who enslave us, and when our turn for 
repi-isal comes, we are often more vicious than our orig- 
inal tormentors. 

Tliis is true of all of humanity, not just the Jews. We 
attack most bitteriy those people in whom we see our 
own personal faults. When parents see their own weak- ! 
nesses repeated in their children, the same parents are 
not inclined to be generous. Often, they will punish the 
cliild most severly for being so unfortunate as to have 
iiilierited the parent's character weakness. 

It is a well known fact that one of the big reasons- 
why our Pilgi-im fathers left Great Bri'tain was because< 
of her restrictions on their freedom of worship. In a fewj 
years in the New World the same Puritans were forcing- 
men to either assume the Puritan faith or get out. The 
great tolerator Roger Williams was one of their most! 
famous victims. 

January 18, 1969 

Page Seven 

Today, the Negro who pi-otests so vigorously the white 
man's intolerance, hatred, cruelty and suppressing of 
Negro rights is practicing the same sins against tlie 
white man. The black man in his new complete authority 
could send out a decree which would rob his former 
white oppressor of his rights, humiliate him as the 
Negro has been humiliated and subject the white man to 
the very same wrong which the Negro has suffered. 
(Only God is merciful to those who have sinned against 
Him. Man is not. ) 

Many militant Negroes no longer want equality. They 
want supremacy and will settle for nothing less. It is a 
modern working out of that old law of a to'oth for a 
tooth, a life for a life, a hurt for a hurt, a hate for a 
hate, and it is not going to work. It is ne\'er going to 
work, not for the black man any more than it has work- 
ed for the white man, nor for the Jew, or for any race 
Df men. Tliis is not a law that any human being can live 
by, for such a law is a ministry of condemnation and 
death. The letter of the law kiUeth. It even killed Christ, 
3ur Lord. There is no life in the law of revenge, for re- 
venge is not a human property and is not to be minis- 
tered by man. There is no life in hatred either, nur in 
riots, nor in hiunUiation, nor in the subjection of any 
human being to another. The white man's sin against 
the Negro is clear and definite. God will judge and God 
ivill decide that score, but for either white man or Negro 
to piu-sue a philosoijhy of hate is fatal. Such a rule will 
3\'entually destroy us all. Neither master nor sla\'e can 
long survive man's inhumanity to man. 

Nevertheless, as violence rules today as a weapun for 
the downtrodden, so did the Jew employ it then, and 
sven oiu: courageous, faithful Esther falls prey to the 
iiang-up of hate. For hate is always contagious. Lo'\-e 
is contagious too, but it is a good infection which enriclies 
men's lives. Hate is a bad infection which destroys the 
jood along with the bad. No man bred in hate, nourished 
n revenge can escape its horrible indictment. (See 
Esther 9:5-13.) 

"And the land of Persia ran red with human blood and 
I'evenge." And Esther triumphed, or did she really? 
There is no lasting \dctory in this sort of action. We 
:annot say very much about a gain, for the evil men 
bring upon themselves e\'en in the moiment of triumph 
must be judged by God and God alone. For e\-en the 
■learts and minds of faithful men and women are tainted 
'0.y the evd which abounds in our world, so that even the 
very elect of God are sometimes deceived. 

Thus, we are not called upon to judge m any age. 
rhere is far too much judgmental criticism in our own 
age, and it is dangerous. We are a people of much pow- 
3r, but power in our case is a mere power culture. We 
have power to kill, power to raise prices, etc. Power of 
itself is only an instriunent, and it can and has become 
iften a great force for evil. There must be a spiritual 
element in power if it is not to be destructive. The use 
>f power is far more important than the existence of 
powe;-. There is also much emphasis today on union. 
Union is a false ideal, and it often has all the evils i>( 
oigness and unrestrained power. But unity is wonderful. 
The true unity of minds is a good and useful power. Es- 
ither in her story also reminds us of freedom which is 
■much talked about in our age. Being free is nothing, but 
oeing free to do something is good. It is much better 
dian the empty freedom of being free from something. 

Recently, I heard a wise man saying when he was discus- 
sing freedoon that we often think that we are emancipa- 
ted when we are really just unbuttoned! Probably the 
most dangerous thing in all the protest movements to- 
day is the sense of the lack of sin on the part of the pro- 
testors. There is great emphasis on morality of course. 
(The other fellow is always wrong.) This is always what 
happens wlien God is left out of any power movement, 
any protest movement, any freedom movement. The pro- 
testor only has a seiise of the sin which has been done 
unto him, but never the reality of sin in his own life. 
And if ungodly men are successful in proitest, then thej-, 
when in power will ever pei-petuatc against the losers 
the very same sin under which they once smarted. 

This may all seem very puzzling, but our age is a 
puzzling age and it will take wisdom from God to meet 
our hang-ups and our grave situations. Again I say we 
are not called upon to judge. What then in our age is 
the Christian called to do? We are asked only to trust 
and obey. Thank God that He has spai-ed us from the 
terrible bui-den of judging. Our message today is a mes- 
sage of love, and redemption not a ministry of condem- 
nation and death. 

It is true that out of our most magnificent defeats can 
come our greatest victories, and this was true of Esther 
and her people. Yet, as we near the end of this fascin- 
ating period so like our own in so many ways and pre- 
pare to say good-bye to Esther this most courageous of 
girls, our hearts are saddened. We know at this point 
in history that the Jew is out of the will of God. Thus his 
victory cannot be entirely in the Lord, for God though 
watching over His people has hidden His face. What of 
our age? Has the Lord again hidden His face? 

I would not leave you on a negative note. The Jews 
heard the decree of Mordecia and they believed it and 
they were saved. Just so today. Christians hear, belie\'e 
and are saved. God's pattern does not change, and in 
her heart Esther must have known this and believe<i it. 
Thus we can look at her experience in that ancient day, 
and touch hearts and lives with her. One thing stands 
out above all the chaos and change of Esther's time, 
above all the plots, all the fickleness of the people, and 
the constant ebb and flow of events. That very same 
thing stands out in our age today, above the confusion, 
the violence, the sway of power, and that thing is the 
eternal reality of the unchanging God. It is joy; it is se- 
curity; it is comfort; it is hope; it is a benediction to hear 
above the clamor of strange voices and the tumult of our 
uncertainty the constant voice of God saying, "Behold, 
I am the same today, yesterday and fore\er, I change 

•Stop, think and discuss: 

1. If your school or your church is confronted with a 
racial problem, this is a good time to talk of this. 

2. Discuss some of the hang-ups of modern youth; work 
out some practical ways of getting "luihung." 

3. Discuss tlie "power culture" in your school. How does 
it operate? How do we control the "use" of power 
for the good of the human race? 

4. What do you think is meant by the statement that 
"Hcunan was a man alert to the "things" of life, but 
not to their significances." ( For references read Jack 
London's short story, To Build A Fire, found in most 
American literature texts.) 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Signal Lights Program for February 
Prepared by Mrs. Alberta Holsinger^ 

Bible Theme: "BIBLE FRIENDS" 


Singing Time; 

■■The BIBLE" 

'■My Bible and I" 

"Every Proimise in tlie Booli" 
( from A<'tion I) 
Bible Time: 

Jesus, the Friend 

(Collect many pictures of Jesus 
healing and teaching. Show them to 
the children as you tell this story. ) 

It was the Sabbath day — the day 
of worship and rest. Jesus was in his 
boyhood hometown of Nazareth. 

■'We will go to the synagogue," He 
said to His disciples. 

As they walked into the church the 
minister came to Him and asked, 
"Will you read from God's Word for 
us today? Will you speak to us about 

"Yes, I vv'Ul read God's Word," re- 
plied Jesus, "I w.ill preach to you." 

The people listened eagerly as 
Jesus read and spoke. Never had 
they heard anyone preach in such 
an interesting way. Never had the 
Scripture verses been so eas.y to un- 

"Who is He?" asked many people 
tifter church. 

"He is Jesus! He used to live hero 
in Nazareth," they were told. 

Jesus was a wonderful teacher. He 
went from \'illage to village tellmg 
the people of God. He told them God 
le-ved them. He told them God would 
forgive their sins. He told them 
God wanted them to be happy. 

Not only did Jesus teach them 
about God, but He helped them, too. 
He made the blind to see. He made 
the deaf to hear. He made the lame 
to walk. He made the sick well. With 
the touch of His hand He healed 
many people. 

He helped the sad and lonely. As 
He talked with them they became 

Wherex'er Jesus went the people 
crowded about Him. The men and 

the women, the boys and the girls. 

Everyone was anxious to be near 

this kind and thoughtful Persoii. 

They had never known anyone like 

Jesus. He was a friend to all. 

— Based on Luke 4:16-24; Matthew 


Menior,^' Time: 

John 15:15b 

Listen while I read today's mem- 
ory Scripture. Who is speaking' 
What is He telling us? 

I'm glad Jesus is my friend. Aren't 
you glad He is your friend? 

Here is your \'erse written on this 
paper I'm giving you. Let's practice 
reading it together. Be sure to study 
it this month. 

(Review previous verses. Encoui'- 
age the children to memorize the 
x'crse each month.) 

Mission Tune: 

Higi Homes 

In Nigeria the groups of people 
are called tribes. Our missionaries 
are W(.)rking mostly with the Higi 

If we could visit Nigeria we woiUd 
find that a Higi home is very differ- 
ent from ours. It is made up of many 
round mud huts witlh grass roofs. 
They have no windows and the doors 
are so slow that even a short person 
has to stoop to get in. These huts 
m'ght be called the rco'ms of their 

The huts are surrounded by a wall 
of stone or cactus or grass mats. 
This fence might be considered the 
outside wall of the house. We call 
this kind of a house a compound. 

The compound has a gate made of 
long sticks woven together with a 
rope loop haiiging on the inside. At 
night the gate is closed and a log is 
slijjped through the rope to bar tile 

The hut closest to tlie door of the 
compr>und is where the father sleeps. 

He sleeps with a bow and arrows, 
knives, spears and a big club neari 
him to protect the compound. 

Behind this hut are ti\\x> or threei 
huts together where the mother lives 
She has one hut for sleeping. Thei 
girls, up to the time they get mar- 
ried, sleep in the mother's hut. All 
the boys under eight years old sleepi 
there, too. 

The second hut in this group is a 
kitchen. The stove is three stones, 
arranged like the points of a triangle, 
to hold a cooking pot over the fire.' 
The third hut, if there is one, is fop 

When a man has more than one- 
wife, each wife has her own set of 
two or three huts, all in the same, 

Other huts in the com,pound are 
for the grandparents and the boys 
o\'er eight years old. 

Besides these huts for people, there 
are low-buUt huts for sheep or goats, 
anci maybe a hut for a donkey or 
horse — all inside the compound. The 
chickens have a small hut with a 
mud roof covered with grass and a 
little door at the side. 

There are also many small silos in 
which peanuts, guinea corn, beans 
and other foods are stored. These si 
los are made of mud and have grass 
mat coverings on top. 

Just outside the compound you 
would see large piles of firewood. 
Close to the gate of the compound! 
there might be an enclosed area sur- 
rounded by catcus in which cows 
are kept. 

A group of these compounds make 
a vUlage. It is to these villages that 
Nigerian evangelists are going. Theyi 
tell the people about Jesus. 

We are helping to tell them abouli] 
Jesus, too, through the offerings we' 
bring to Signal Lights. 

(Note: As you tell the childreri 
about the Higi homes, make a ixjuglf 

January 18, 1969 

Page Nine 

sketch 1)11 the blackboard so they 
will be able to visualize it better. ) 

Prayer Xiine: 

Let us thank God for oui' homes. 
Let us ithank Him for our missionar- 
ies who have gone to Africa to teach 
the Nigerians of Him. Let us thank 
Him for the Nigerians who have be- 
come Christians. 

Let us ask God to help more boys 
and girls in Nigeria to learn of Him. 
Let us ask Him to help us to be 
more wilhng to share our money so 
Nigerian evangelists will be able to 
go to more villages. 

Business Time: 

1. Signal Lights muttu. 

2. Roll CaU, 
.3. Offering. 

4. Cumplete plans to visit a nursing 

5. Wi-ite a letter to the Krafts. 
Tliank them for serving as our 

Tlianli them for the w;>rl< they 
are doing for God now. 
Handworls Time: 

A Nigerian Hut 
(For each child you will neeil a 
strip of bi-o^vn paper about three by 
seven inches, a cornucopia style 

drinking cup or a lialt circle of paper 
to form into one, excelsior, and glue.) 

About the middle of the brown 
paper cut an arch way for a door and 
then paste the ends of this paper to- 
getlier. Cover the ouip with a film 
of glue and sprinkle it with bits of 
excelsior. Place it on top of the 
brown paper for the roof of the hut. 

Tal'te your Nigerian hut home. 
Show it to youi- famUy and friends. 
TeU them about the Higi homes. Tell 
tliem about the Nigerian Christians. 
TeU them liow you are helping more 
Nigerians to hear aljout Jesus. 
Signal Liglits Benediction 

Missions Live-in 


YOUNG ADULTS who want to know the meaning of 
commitment to Jesus Christ in a wor^ld they wiU be 
called upon to manage in their maturity got a look at 
the road ahead at a student missions conference on the 
campus of the University of Califoi-nia at Los Angeles, 
December 26-28, 1968. 

Sponsored by Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship, the 
three-day session drew more tiian 500 students, pastors, 
youth workers and missionaries to consider "The Chris- 
tian in a Revolutionary Age" and to prepare for sei^ice 
in the 21st Centiuy. 

"God has risked the knowledge and display and un- 
derstanding of His gloi-y on the mission of the church," 
said keynote speaker David Hubbard, president of Ful- 
;ler Theological Seminary in Pasadena, California. "To 
|l<now Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior is to belong to 
His Chm-ch and belong in some sense to evei-yonc else 
n the church." 

A panel developed further the theme of "The Church 
Today," where Edward R. Cole, pastor of the Pomona, 
3alifornia First Baptist Church, declared that "too often 
the ohurcli is an island of irrelevant piety surro-imded by 
i sea of secular need." 

Moments after the three moon-circling astroinauits in 
A,pollo 8 were reco<vered, Edwaj-d B. Luidamen of Nortli 
American RockweiU's space division, addressed himself to 

the vast changes in technological revolution. "We now- 
live in a laboratory without walls," he told a group. 
"We will soon be able to predict eai-thquakes, crop fail- 
ure and famine." Such knowledge, he stated, demands 
professional competence because of the need to malce 
ethical decisions affecting millions. "We have not sur- 
vived to waste our years in vulgar vanities," he said. 

Arthur Glasser, home director of the Overseas IVLis- 
sionary Fellowship, outlined the fotmdations of revolu- 
tion as seen in Iristory. "Pagmiism," he said, "has always 
buttre.5sed the status quo — reproducing the old. The 
Old Testament teaches a way of life where the rights of 
men are safeguarded. Jesus Christ affirmed the dignity 
of liuman personality. He was concerned with the total- 
ity of life." 

Conference Coordinator E\-an Adams challenged the 
group not to demand blueprints for living. "God is pri- 
marily at work in building character, not in a talent 
search," he said. "Become as skillful as possible in yoiu- 
\'<>cation but get character from the Lord Jesus Christ." 

Twenty-five elective courses, periods for questioning 
speakers and small group discussions were also a feature 
of the conference. Dr. Glasser closed the conference by 
challenging the students to step out of mediocrity into 
tlie will of God, "Putting e\-eiything on the line to be 
caught up in the vast purposes of God." 



Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Revelation 22:17 

Part XLIV 


ithe book of Revelation to a close, let us look brief- 
ly at the last, and one of the most precious, of all the 
invitations to be found in the entire Word of God. We 
find this invitation given to us in verse 17 of chapter 
22. A few e.xpositors (e.g., J. A. Seiss, T. F. Glasson, 
and H. B. Swete) divide this invitation into two pants, 
the first part being addressed to Christ and the second 
part being addressed to all those who thirst. Most ex- 
positors, however, see this entire verse as an invitation 
to come to Christ, the Fountain of living water, and to 
find in Him salvation -- full and free. 

In our study of this verse, we will seek to lift out two 
precious truths which involve the total perspective of 
man's redemption fro'm sin. We will first note who all 
are involved in the sending forth of this invitation to 
come, and then — who it is that is being invited. 
Those who invite us to "Come." 

First, let us consider who au-e definitely stated, here 
in our text, as inviting us to come to Christ. As we look 
closely, we see that there are actually three sources of 
invitation: the Spirit, the bride, and those who have al- 
ready heard and responded to the invitation. It is most 
refreshing to obsei-ve that the Holy Spirit is spoken of as 
leading the way in the sending forth of this invitation. 
One important fact that stands out in this entire study 
of Revelation is that there are very few direct refer- 
ences made to this third person of the holy Trinity. He 
is impUed in the expression: "the seven Spirits of C5od" 
(cf., 1:4; 3:1; 4:6, etc.), and, John does mention that his 
visions came to Him while "in tlie Spirit" (cf., 1:10; 4:2, 
etc.). This expression: "in the Spirit," however, may be 
speaking only of John's special sph-itual insigiht (in which 
case it would be "spirit"). The most direct reference to 
the Holy Spirit — other than this one here in O'Ur text — 
seems to come at the close of each of the seven letters, 
found in chaptere 2 and 3. Chapters 4 tiu-ough 22 (deal- 
ing with events to follow this present age), on the whole, 
and sitrangely absent of any such direct reference. 

It is not difficult for us to understand why there is so 
little direct reference to the Holy Spii'it in tliis epistle 
when we realize that, though He is the di\'ine source of 
all Biblical revelation, His purpose is not to point to 
Himself but rather, to guide us into all truth concerning 
Christ and His redemptive ministry. Our Lord made this 
very plain to His disciples in the upper room, for He 
said: "I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye 

cannot bear them now. Howbeit, when he, the Spirit a 
truth, is come, he wiU guide you into all truth: for hi 
shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall heari 
that shall he speak: and he wiU shew you things tii 
come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of minCii 
and shall shew it unto you" (John 16:12-14). ' 

Certainly this book of Revelation is a grapihic iUustrai 
tion of these words from our Lord, for, here the Holj' 
Spirit of (^d does not seek to speak of Himself — rath 
er. He seeks to show us things to come and, thus, to glon 
ify the Son. Here, however, in our text, the Spirit qi 
God takes precedence over the others mentioned. ThI 
reason for this, no doubt, is that it is Christ and Hilj 
salvation which is to be pointed out — a task which i! 
botli His chief priority, and His most cherished delight. ! 

There is no invitation of Scripture but that the voicJ 
of God's Spirit is to be heai-d. Indeed, there is no Scrip: 
tiire but that His voice is there. He is the divine iUun 
inator of man, and He alone can make God's Word rek 
vant to all of life. If we would hear CJod speaking to oui 
soul, then we must listen to this voice of the thii-d pei 
son of the holy Trinity. He wants us to "Come" — t 
come to Christ, and find in Him our salvation and etema- 

The second som'ce of invitation is spoken of here in ou 
text as the "bride." There are some who would limi 
this to the Ohuroh of this present dispensation. How 
ever, it seems more in keeping with the other design* 
tions for this "bride" (e.g., "the new Jerusalem," "th 
city of God," "the Lamb's wife," etc.), that we defin 
her as the redeemed Chiu-ch of God, from every disper 
sation and period of time. Such a Church is made up c 
all the called-out people of God — those who themselve 
have responded 'to the Spirit's call to "come," and coi 
sequently, are now sharers together with Him in the e> 
tending of this call to others, that they may also hea 
and respond. 

Throughout redemptive history God has deigned t 
work through a three-fold ministry: His Spirit, His Wan 
and His Church. The Chui'Ch of God has the time-bindinll 
task of being His vehicle of redeeming grace. We meaj 
by this that God's people, collective, are the means when* 
by His Spirit speaks to the hearts and minds of men, to 
spiring them to write and to speak His Word — anl 
thus, to transmit His invitation to "Come." The chi^ 
function of this Church ("bride"), then, is the proclama 
tion of salvation — inviting men to come to Christ ani 

January 18, 1969 

Page Eleven 

to find ill Hini theii' answer for inner soul hunger and 
thii-st. All cither functions (social, eduoatlional — and 
even inspirational) ai-e to be considered as oiily second- 
ary. Her main task has been, and ever shall be, to 
share in this blessed invitation to "Oome." 

There is yet a third source of invi'taition — referreti 
to here in our text, as "him that heareth." Whereas the 
second source (the "bride") refers to the Church col- 
lective, this thii'd source of inviitabion refers to the 
church individual. That is — each ajid everyone who 
has heard the call to come to Christ, and who has re- 
sponded in the affirmative — is under obligation to shai-e 
with the Spirit and the bride in the sending forth of this 
glorious invitation to all who have not yet heard or re- 
sponded. Eveiy bom again believer is a missionary in 
his own right — and responsible before CJod for the soul 
of everyone God has entrusted to his care. He musf live 
close to God — and close to men — that he might be in- 
strumental in bringing &)d and men close to each other. 
Again quoting the words of WUliam Barclay: "He Who 
has received the invitation of Christ liimself, must pass 
on that invitation to othere; he who has been found by 
Christ must find others for Christ; the invited must be- 
come the inviter and the found must become the finder" 
(op. eit., p. 293). 

The ones invited to "Come." 

Our text makes it veiy cleai- who it is that is being 
invited to come to Chiist. Such a pei-son is here spoken 
of as "him that is thirsty," and also as, "whosoever 
will." When John speJiks of "him that is 6hii"sty," cer- 
tainly he is not meaning to imply that there is anyone 
who is not naturally "thii-sty" (i.e.. naturally destitute 
of the water of life). Rather, he is speaking, here, of 
the person who recognizes the deepest longings of liis 
soul as a continual craving after God and His rigliteous- 
ness, joy and peace. Histoiy has recorded many such ui- 
dividuals, who — after tiying the world and all of its 
offerings — foimd that the only hope of lasting satisfac- 
tion was in a life whoUy yielded to (jod and His will. 
Perhaps the most classic example of tliis is St. Augustine 
(A.D. 354-430) who, writing in his "Confessions," pi-esents 
to us a story of his life of sin and of the terrible spiritual 
struggle which raged inside his breast, which led him 
ultimately, at the age of thirty-three, to openly renounce 
his past way of life and to turn himself over to Christ. 
Perhaps liis most famous testimony is that wliich declares 
that he knew no real rest until that resit was found in 
Christ and His way of life. 

It is the task of the Chui-ch — collective and individu- 
al — to scatter forth the salt of Christian living and wit- 
nessing before a lost and dying world — seeking thereby 
to increase this natural thu-st of man's soul until he, like 
Augustine, will search out the One Who alone is able to 
"give (him) of the fountain of the water of lite" (Rev. 
21:6b). When the thirsty soul finds Chrisit he will also 
find water to assuage the thh-st of his soul, for. He is 
the Lamb of God, Who is pictured, in Revelation 7:17, as 
leading unto the "living fountains of water." Indeed, 
He is the Fountain from which flows the waiter of Ufe — 
ivater bringing salvation of soul and eternal rest and 
peace. When a soul acknowledges his spiritual thirst — 
ind stoops to drink from this life-giving Fountain — 
then he can join triumphantly wiith the hymn writer and 

I heard the voice of Jesus say, 

"Behold, I freely give 
The living water; thirsty one. 

Stoop down, and drink, and live!" 
I came to Jesus, and I drank 

Of that life-giving stream; 
IVIy thirst was quenched, my soul re\-i\-ed. 

And now I live in Him. 

— Horatus Bonar 

Our text is another of the many Scriptures which make 
it very clear that such a wonderful salvation is not im- 
conditionally prepared for all men. Not only must a 
person recognize the true cause of his spiritual tliirst 
(i.e., from a dried-up cistern of self -effort and sin), he 
must also choose of his own free will to renounce all 
else and to turn wholly to Christ. This is also brought out 
in the second designation of the person who is invited to 
come to Christ — the "whosoever will." Salvation is for 
"whosoever" must "wUl" to make it so! No one will be 
saved, either by chance or by compulsion. CJod will not 
allow us to stumble or work our way into this e.xperience 
— or, force us to stoop and drink. Such demands the 
full response of the will, both to God's means of salvation, 
and to the method whereby such can meet our individual 

The means whereby we can find this "water of life" is 
spelled out for us, loud and clear- — Jesus Christ, the 
L.amb of God Who alone can take away the sins of the 
world. The method whereby we come unto Him is also 
spelled out for us in the Scriptm-es. This method involves 
two important steps — both demanding the response of 
our will. The first step is spoken of in the Word of God 
as "repentance." Tliis mvolves an acknowiedgement of 
our sins, heart-felt confession, and a turning away from 
them and a turning back to Ciod (Acts 2:38; II Cor. 7:10; 
Rev. 2:5, etc.). The second step invoh'es our- faith-re- 
sponse which means our appropriating, through faith, the 
benefits of Christ's atonement from sin (John 3:16: Acts 
16:31; Romans 10:9-10, etc.). We should not think of 
this salvation as merely an act of the wUl, however, (jod's 
Word makes it very clear that those who find lasting 
benefit in the atonement of Christ are those Who make 
this repentance and faith-response, not only an act of 
their wiU — but even more — a permanent attitude of 
tlie mind and heai't, and the constant expression of .the 
life. Salvation (i.e., drinMng of the watei- of Ufe) is not 
merely a crisis e.xperience which is related only to past 
or present time. Rather, it is to be a moment by mom- 
ent walk of faith, obedience, and love throughout all of 
our lives. 

There are tliose who may feel that tliis added note of 
a life of "works" is incongruous with the fact that our 
te.xt tells us that we are to come and take of this water 
of life "freely." Actually, however, though this does 
emphatically tell us that salvation is tlie free and un- 
merited gift of (jod — and not dependent upon man's 
works, character or conduct — it must be considered in 
the light of all the Scriptures. We would agree most 
heartily that salvation cannot be bought or bartered for. 
It is for us "without money and without price" (Isa. 
55:1). This does not mean, however, that we have noth- 
ing whatsoever to do with the transaction. We have al- 
ready noted that the two requirements for salvation are 
repentance and faith-response. In a real sense, these 

Piige Twelve 

The Brethren Evang:elist 

too, are "vvarks" — but "works" of the will and the 
heart, rather thaji merely of the flesh and the blood 
(note Acts 26:20). 

Christ, the Fountain of living watei', may ever be avail- 
able, but He will mean nothing to us ujiitiiil we accept 
God'is way of obtaining His benefits — we must "stoop 
to di-ink!" God's salvation is a free gift from His heart 
of infiniite love and from His exhaustless stoirehouse of 
divine grace. Such, however, demands our proper re- 
sponse — in terms of a life of constant commiitjnent and 
a stewardship of self-giving service. It is such a com- 
mitment of life and a stewardship of service which keeps 
us stooping and drinking — and thus, continuing in God's 
wonderful redemption. 
In conclusion. 

We can think of no better way to bring this series of 
messages to a close than by our consideration of this per- 
sonal invitation to come to Christ and to find in Him 
salvation, full and free. Here, in essence, we find the 
Gospel of Christ — a CJospel which not only instructs and 
inspires us — but lalso — transforms our hearts and lives 
and changes the veiy destiny of our souls. 

Once we have accepited this invitation to come to 
Christ, we will feel the same heart-beat that pulsated 
through the breast of the Apostle John as he responded 
to these visions of RevelaiUon with an "even so, come. 
Lord Jesus" (20b). Indeed, it ds otnly after we have 
coime to Christ, and have drunk of His life-giving water 
(i.e., after we have found eternal life in Him), that we 
will also have the hope and e.Kpectancy whicli triggers 
this desire for His coming again. 

One further observation we would make in closing, 
comes from vei-se 21 where John gives us his benediction. 
Here he prays that the grace of our Lord Jesus may be 
with all the saints (according to the better Greek man- 
uscripts). All who respond to the invitation to come to 

Christ will find this prayer answered in the continual 
oiitpourmg of this very grace in eveiy area of life. It is 
interesting to note, in contrast, that — whereas the New 
Testament closes on this note of "grace," the Old Testa- 
ment closes with the word "curse" (Mai. 4:6). This is 
very fitting, for, the Old Testament deals with man's fall 
into sin, his struggle for deliverance from its consequenc- 
es, and his constant search for a deliverer. That the Now 
Testament closes on this note of "grace" is also fitting, 
for, here we have the story of God's answer to man's 
sin-dilemma — the Lord Jesus Christ, God's Son and our 
Savior! Certainly it is the Lord Jesus Christ and the sal- 
vation He provides (through our faith-response to His 
life, death and resurrection) which makes all the differ- 
ence between (Sod's "curse" and God's "grace." Life 
eternal beghis by grace, continues in grace, and will 
reach its final fulness through the same grace. Without 
tills "grace" all men would remain forever under the 
curse of sin, and thus, end up in the same "lake of fire" 
as the Beast, the false prophet, the devil, and all the 
wicked, named in Revelation 21:8. 

The book of Revelation is truly a "revelation" of Christ 
and the redemption He has brought through His atoning 
death on Calvai-y. Here we find, through rich symbolism 
— as well as through direct reference — truth concern- 
ing man's sin and Ckid's eternal answer. Here also we 
have pictured for us His "grace" (witnessed to in the 
lives and destinies of ail who are redeemed by the blood 
of Caivaiy's Lamb) in bold contrast to His "curse" (also 
witnessed to in the lives and destinies of all who have 
spui-ned such "grace"). In the light of such tremendous 
truth, it seems most fitting that we close this series with 
this last invitation of Scripture — an invitation to all 
who will hear and respond to God's offer of mei-cy and 
grace, to "Come" — to come to Chi'ist, and, through 
faith, to stoop and drink "freely" of His life-giving water. 

Where They S-Fand 


PRESIDENT-ELECT Richai-d M. Nbcon told the na- 
tion tills week he had chosen 12 "big men . . . sti-ong 
men . . . compassionate men" to help him chart the 
foreign and domestic policies of his administration. 

A poU of the reUgious affUiatiO'nB of those men — three 
business men, three governors, two lawyers, two school- 
men, a lieutenant governor, and one congressman — 
l)y EP News Service brought to light the statistics below. 

There are four Presbyterians, two Mormons, one mem- 
ber each Usted as EpiscopaUan, United Church of Christ, 
and Congregationalist, and three Roman Catholics. Here 
is the list: 

William P. Rogers, Secretary of State — Presbyterian. 

Melvin R. Laird, Secretary of Defense — Presbyterian. 

John N. Mitchell, Attorney General — Presbyterian. 

Winton M. Blount, Postmaster General — Presbyteri;in. 

David M. Kennedy, Secretary of the Treasury — 

George Roniney, Secretary of Housing and Urban De- 
velopment — Mormon. 
Clifford M. Hardin, Secretary of Agriculture — Unite<l 

Church of Christ. 
George P. Schultz, Secretaiy of Labor — Episcopalian. 
Robert H. Finch, Secretary of Health, Education and 

Welfare — Congregationalist. 
Walter J. Hickel, Secretary of the Interior — Romaii.i| 

Maurice H. Stans, Secretary of Commerce — RomanJ| 

John A. Volpe, Secretary of Transportation — Romanflj 


In all his selections, Mr. Nixon stressed the quality oftl 
"an extra dimension of leadership" being present in eaoh.d 
referring to many of them in much the same way het 
described Secretary-designate David M. Kennedy: "Con-j 
servative . . . but with a deep humanitarian concern fo!r(| 

January 18, 1969 

Page Thirteen 


of the 




"It is not good for man to be alone" — 
and as woman joined man she eventually 
took this literally and didn't want to leave 
him alone to shOLdder the extensive work 
of missions. However, in the early years 
man posed great opposition to the public 
appearance and action of women and the 
mission societies were composed solely of 
men. The woman's role was to encourage 
her husband in these good works, accomp- 
any him to the preaching of the annual 
sermon, and to pray for the new societies. 

Missions as the domain of men began 
simultaneously in the Protestant Cliurch 
about 1640 witli the evangelistic activities 

of the chaplains of the Dutch East Indies 
Company in the Far East and with the 
efforts of the New England Puritans to 
convert the Indians. The actual organiza- 
tion in support of missions came veiy slow- 
ly and the first society formed in Boston 
in 1747 thi-ough the influence of David 
Brainerd to aid the Iroquois Indians in 
New York. This was supported by The 
Society in Scotland for Propagating Chris- 
tian Knowledge, operated through local 
boards and commissioners in Boston. (This 
writer realizes the Biblical historial be- 
ginnings of missions and the work of such 
as Gregoi-y the Enlightener, Augustine, 
and Wilfred of Sussex but this report onI>- 
considers events from the date of 1640.) 

The early 1787 Society for the Propaga- 
tion of the Gospel among tile Indians and 
Others was limited, small in number, ex- 
clusive and self-peipetuating. The expenses 
at first could be easily met by using inter- 
est on their invested funds plus the collec- 
tion taken at the annual sermon. But 
times were rapidly changing and the fi- 
nancial expense ito evangelize the increas- 
ing flow of settlers to the frontiers, likely 
to be paganized if missionaries were not 
sent, left this tyiJe of society an inade- 
quate instrument. The thrilling example 
of British support of world missions stimu- 
lated the development in America of ad- 
ditional new Societies with their recogni- 
tion of the threefold objective of outreach 
to frontier settlements, Indians and over- 
seas heathen. 

Tliis information is based on the book, 
"All Loves Excelling" which gives most 
significant recognition to woman for her 
part in the great mission enterprise. R. 
Pierce Beaver, Professor of Missions, of 
University of Chicago Divinity School, 
traces the development of woimen's mis- 
sionary societies in broad outlines as well 
as recognizing individual pioneers in the 
field of missions. This infoi-mation on his 
book is for your enlightenment as well as 
encouragement to read the book. 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In 1800. Miss Mary Webb, aji invalid of 
Boston, gathered together fourteen Bapitist 
and Congregational women who mimediate- 
ly became orgcinized as the Boston Female 
Society for Missionai-y Purposes. No doubt, 
this was the forerunner to the hundreds of 
fcliousands of local missionary societies, aid 
societies, guUds and also the national de- 
nominational and interdenominational wo- 
men's societies. We might say, then, that 
women's missionary service found origin 
in the heart, mind, will, prayer and action 
of this Baptist laywonian who vanished into 
obscurity seeking not her own fame but 
rather the glory of God. 

The Revolution had left its marl< on set- 
ting womanhood free. They had played a 
very heroic part in the Revolution — some 
goiLng to the front with their husbands to 
sem'e as nurses and others shouldering 
heavy responsibilities at home in managing 
and working the fai-ms with the head of 
the household away. They had gained some 
independence with the responsibUity. Wo- 
men were becoming more interested in 
what was hapjtening in ithe world and girls 
were receiving more education. Women 
could no longer be content with their lim- 
ited role in missions and their religio'us zeaJ 
exceeding that of men generally prompted 
them to go beyond what was then consid- 
ered to be the limit of female duty. 

Deacon John Simpkins, treasurer of the 
Massachusetts Missionary Society, made a 
chance remark one evening in 1802 wiiioh 
gave birth to Cent Society. Women had 
already been gixdng their pennies but the 
new proposal that almost any woman 
could give one cent a week appealed to 
the feniinine imagination. By denying her- 
self some little thing she related her posi- 
tion to the widow of two mites in Jesus' 

With their prime motive being that 
which was then most dominant in missions, 
the giving of glory to God and bene\-oilencc 
in bringing the richest blessings to fellow- 
men, women worked voluntarily and un- 
stintingly regardless of their not being ac- 
cepted as co-workers and members with 
the men in mission societies. New women's 
societies continued to gain strength and 

esteem. The women's fund-raising cam- 
paigns increasing the income for mission 
activities eventually opened membership 
for a select few in the previously exclus- 
ive male societies. However, when the 
women's societies were established, men 
often endeavored to subordinate them and 
bring them under control of general board 
or absorb them. 

Regardless of the joint efforts of men ( 
and women, the funds received didn't quite ! 
meet the needs of the threefold objective 
of missions. The wide frontier in America i 
plus the population doubUng in twenty 
years, caused almost all of the resources i 
to be used in this one objective. The mis- ■ 
sioins to Indians weakened because of lack i 
of missionaries and funds. Overseas ven- 
tures were contemplated but the societies 
were unable to initiate them. 

First came the organization of more 
societies for greater support of the work .1 
and this, foillovved by the announcement l| 
of the first party of missionaries to sail for j 
India in 1812, had the money come rolling if 
in. The actuality of an overseas work'[ 
raised the level of stewardship in theii 
churches so greatly that even more ade- j 
quale resources were available for homeij 
missions and other related activities. ' 

Women began specializing in their tor- 1 
eign missions interest with the older Fe-'i' 
miale Charitable Societies and the Centij' 
Societies giving way to foreign missionary ,ii 
societies auxUiaiy to the major exisiting or- 'i 
garuizations. In 1816 they highly concentra- | 
ted on the promoting of Christianity among ij 
the Jews. In the functional line of support Ij 
of missions, the women assisted with Bible |l 
and tract societies, providing literature fori|i 
overseas work as well as at home and ed-l;i 
ucation societies to assist poor youths ini; 
the theological education expense for min-ijl 
istry at home and abroad, i 

A Female Auxiliary Bible Society or-'! 
ganized in 1814 to distribute free of chargeij) 
the common version of the Bible, This ' 
later became the auxiliary to the American 
Bible Society. 

When the women of the various organiza- 1 
tions could no longer be content to merely 
pray and give pennies, they involved in 
various direct mission work. This line of 
philanthropy and social action included 
helping destitute families and young mar- ! 
ried mothers, establishing a refuge and re- j 
habHitation home for ex-prostitutes, and 
assisting Chinese girls and women who 
were imported as slaves, concubines and' 
prostituites. Women's work for women and- 
children, whether at home or abroad, was 
the focus of the American missionary in- 
terest and concern. 

The first missionaries to go overseas 
went according to the Ark plan — "two by 
two" — and the rule of marriage in Proles- 

anuary 18, 1969 

Page Fifteen 

tant missions was as strong as celibacy in 
Roman Catiiolic orders. The wives of mis- 
sionaries overseas wrote home to their 
supporters igniting sparks of great interest 
in the femaie population but single women 
had to struggle long and persistently for 
the opportunity to serve overseas, and 
even the wives were regarded by the ex- 
ecutives and Board members as necessaj:y 
but subordinate and secondaiy though 
many widowed overseas carried on the 
work of their husbands. Despite the valiant 
efforts of the missionary wives to educate 
girls and women and to enter the zenanas 
for religious conversations with secluded 
women, the total effect of their labors 
never met their hopes and e.xpectations. 
They first of all had to be wives and home- 
makers and their many childi-en tied them 
down ait home. They longed for colleagues 
who would have more freedom and who 
coiuld devote themselves solely to sucli 
activity. They knew that wo^men had to 
be reached by women. 

Charlotte H. White was the first woman 
sent overseas by an American agency for 
service without the aid of a husband, also 
a group of Moravian girls had been sent 
abroad earlier for the express purpose of 
mai-rying men already on the field. She 
was to travel ovei-seas to Calcutta, India, 
with a married couple and become a "fe- 
male attached to a missionai-y's faniDy." 
It wasn't long until this widow became 
the wife of Joshua Rowe already on the 
field, though. The practice of two women 
in one household was not accepted in Bur- 
ma and Adoniram Judson had wi-itten, 
"Had she reside in the same house with 
us, it would have been impossible to have 
prevented the impression on the minds of 
the Burmans that our preaching and prac- 
tice on the subject of polygamy were di- 
rectly the reverse." There were problems 
for women to face even in the triumph of 
being accepted in mission progi-ams. 

The fii-st single woman, not a widow, 
sent overseas was Betsey Stockton. Little 
is known about her, but she is listed as a 
colored woman among the mission staff at 
Lahinah, Sandwich Islands. She had been 
born a slave but for many years was in 
the household of the president of Princeton 

College and was well-read and described 
as "qualified to teach school and take 
cliarge of domestic concerns." 

Cynthia Farrar had the unique distinc- 
tion of being the first unmarried woman 
sent overseas as an assistant missionai-y. 
Her work at the Marathi mission in India 
involved the education of girls and estab- 
Ushing and directing schools. The single 
missionaries earned on an extensive work 
(if educating young girls which was essen- 
tial to the progress of Christianity. Despite 
opposition such as given by Hindus and 
Chinese the work grew famously. Prac- 
tical trades were also taught in nonacade- 
mic institutions. Ori^haned girls were giv- 
en advanced opportunities. "An invetstiga- 
tion was made in 1895 of the records of 
130 women who as girls had lx?en \dctims 
of the Indian famine of 1860 and placed in 
an orphanage at that time. After thirty- 
five years eight were then physicians, five 
hospital assistanits, twenty-eight school 
teachers, fourteen were wives of pastors 
and themselves employed in church work, 
and thirty-two were volunteer teachers or 
church workers. That same orphanage in 
twenty-four years had sent out of its com- 
munity 180 Christian workere." 

Eleanor Macomber, sent to Burma, was 
in many respects the most remarkable 
among the pioneers, for she had the cour- 
age and deteiTnination to ventui^e outside 
the limited role of teacher and educational 
superintendent which the men set for the 
women. She was an e\'angelist and church 
organizer. In the 1830's this v\x>uld have 
been unusual in the homeland, no doubt. 

Also, the enti-ance of women into medi- 
cine opened new fields of sei-vice. Men 
physicians had not been without patients 
but in countries such as China relatively 
few women would permit examination and 
care by a male physician and it was entire- 
ly impossible in the case of sequestered 
women of India ajid Muslim countries. The 
health plight of Eastern women lay heav- 
ily on the hearts and consciences of West- 
ern Christian women. Consequently medi- 
cine was from the outset stressed by the 
women's boards and they buUt up the 
ser\'ice as rapidly as women physicians 
could be recruited. This was in many ways 
the greatest single new development in 
women's work. 

Male commentators declared that the 
activities of single women had been ac- 
coimplished or attempted by wives and 
even men and the single women's i-ole was 
not adding anything new to the pro>gram. 
Although essentially true, but none of these 
things had been done before so extensively, 
intensively and continuously. 

"When the semicentennial of the Amer- 
ican overseas missian was celebrated in 
1860 there were engaged in the entei-prise 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelist > 

only fi\'e major boards and five minor ones. 
During tlie next forty years, up to 1900, 
the Canadian boards were organized and 
those in the United States increased to 
ninelty-four sending and forty-three sup- 
porting agencies. Participation in foreign 
missions became an identifying mark of 
mainstre-am American Protestantism. How- 
ever, the great new development of that 
period was the emergence of the women's 
Ijoards. By 1900 there were forty-one of 
them in the United States and se\-en in 

"The consequences of this women's move- 
ment were dramatic. Adequate provision 
was at last made for work with women and 
cliildi-en. The general boards had second 
thoughts about the subject as well as about 
the employment of single women. Trernen- 
dous new financial resources were bro'Ught 
to the overseais work. The unmarried wo^m- 
en missionaries became just about as num- 
eroius as the wives, and the missionary 
staff was predominantly female. Hundreds 
of thous?nds nf American women were en- 

listed in a cause they passionately intelli- 
gently, and prayerfully supported. 

"Many factors contributed to the new 
initiative in mission taken by the women. 
Secondary and higher education for women 
was certainly a major cause." 

"All Loves Excelling" is so interesting 
factual (as the abo\'e quotations from the 
book indicate). Look into its pages to read 
the origin of World Day of Prayer, search 
for the comparison of contributions in the 
early history of women's giving and up to 
date figures, and be inspired again overjj 
all that women can do for missions. i 

Contrast the situation of women in Chris- 
tian lands with those in pagan and infidel 
regio'ns. Christian women have much to 
share and they've already accomplished 
much by their prayers and the fi-uit of their 
pens. As Mr. Beaver says, "Women more 
naturally have compassion and practice 
bene\''olence with regard to the good causes 
of the day. Women remain at the Lord's 
Table, when men in large numbers retirei 
and do not partake in the sacrament." 


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beai' D'ye interest per annum to be paid semi-annually. 

If you are interested in investing in this pro.iect, please fill out the blank 
below and mail to us. 

The Brethren Pubhshing Company 
."i24 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Gentlemen : 

The undersigned, 

(lilease print nnnie) 


_, wishes to purchase 

$1,000.00 Bonds 

$.500.00 Bonds 

My check in the amount of $_ 

to cover the purchase is enclosed. 


(number and street) 

(city, state, zjpcode) 

January 18, 1969 

Page Seventeeo 

ONE OF THE BASIC table manners 
pai-ents try to instill into their chil- 
dren is not to take a lai-ger bite than one 
can chew. Have you ever seen a little 
chUd try to eat an entire piece of bread 
or cake in one installment? His cheeks 
bulging, he gets that look on his face 
which seems to say, "What do I do now, 
Mommy?" Tonight I feel like the subject 
which has been bitten off for me to chew 
on awhile is much too large to handle ef- 
fectively in one installment. 

The theme for our conference this yeai- 
is "Disoipleship," and I'm sure we can 
enter this conference anticipating the 
greatest of God's blessings. This theme is 
one from which we all can profit and from 
which all who claim the name of Chi-ist 
can receive a challenge. As you will note 
from youi- pn>gram this theme wUl be 
explored in its various facets of life. 

Tonight our subject is "Discipleship in 
the City." In order to gain an adequate 
understanding of oui- subject we must first 
"make the i"ough places plain" by defining 
what we mean when we speak of "disciple- 

If we could use om- imagiiiation for a 
moment let us mentally transplant our- 
selves into the situation in Jesus' day vvihen 
He spoke to the multitudes. If possible, let 
us lay aside all the tradition which has 
accumulated o\'er tlie centuries, tlie dogma 
which has been formulated, all the sophis- 
ticated discussions which ha\-e taken place, 
and all the form of the present day insti- 
tution known as the church. Let us put 
ourselves in the place of the multitudes 
who were gathering ai-ound Jesus. Let us 
hear again those imadomed words of om' 
text: "If any man would come after me, 
let liim deny himself and take up his cross 
and follow me." There is notliing sopliisti- 
cated about discipleship. It simply means 
following Christ. Hans Denck, a sixteenth 
century refoi-mer, crystallized the matter 
when he said, "No man knows Clirist truly 
except he follow Him daily in life." That 
is discipleship. 

Hear Christ's words again: "If any man 
would come after me, let him deny himself 
and take up his cross and follow me into 
the city." Let us ithen follow Chi-ist into 
the city. 

As we approach the city on Highway 
101 we notice immediately what manner 
of people live on the outer fringes of the 
city. The houses here ai-e luxurious! They 
are immense, with large lawns, under- 
ground utilities and wide streets leading 
to them. There are from two to sl.x cai- 
garages attached to every one of them. 
There is little doubt about the class of 
the people who live here. Their streets 
have romantic names: Forest Drive; Good- 





by Rev. Brian H. Moore 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

will Acres Court: Country Club I>rive; 
Valley Springs Road; or Wilcox Farms 
Drive. None of these sound like city ito 
me: Country Club! Farms! Spiings! Acres! 
Notice too that ithe roads aa-e seldom called 
streets. They are drives, courts or roads. 
Sounds like they are a little reluctant to 
give up the country in theiir thinking. And 
look at that church! A stately edifice and 
they even have four ministers! 

Let's not tarry here: let us go on. We 
pass mUe after mile of shopping centers, 
small businesses and automobile establish- 
ments. Then we come to a freeway which 
will whisk us across itowii in a jiffy. You 
can't see much from this freeway: just 
factories in the distance. We don't get to 
see much of citj' life on this highspeed 
artei-y. But wait, this is part of city Life! 
This freeway is a symbol of people on the 
move: concrete and steel, impatient drivers 
disregarding speed limit signs and yield 
signs! Downtown — next exit — ^so we get 
off this nerve-WTacking throughway and 
slow down a bit, and soon we find oui-seh'es 
suiToiuided with buildings which would 
have put the Tower of Babel to shame. 
Hotels, banks, apartment buildings — all 
are ali\'e with swarms of people! You ha\-e 
to be careful here because the pedesti-ians 
fai" outniunber the cars and the pedestrians 
haA'e the right of way! The amount of 
people here almoist overwhelm us, and these 
are just the visible ones! We ai-e following 
Clirist and we wonder if all these people 
have even heard of Him! 

Those people who study the situation 
and make all those statistics must be 
right after all when they tell us how many 
people live in the cities and what we 
should e.xpect in the near futui-e. On the 
other hand, we have seen factories, banks, 
offices, shopping centers. The city does 
offer work and opportuni-ty. It does offer 
convenience. That's why people mwe here. 

Where do all these people li\-e? Surely 
tliey don't all live in plush suburbia. Some 
of the people we see here downtown don't 
look very plush! There are beggars, blind 
people, eccentrics who want attention: 
these wear their shirts inside out, have a 
beard, need a haircut, really stand out 
(which is actually what they want). The 
city would have this effect on you: it al- 
most makes you scream, "I want to be 
noticed!" Yet no one seems to care about 
the beggars or the blind. It seems that 
everyone is too busy to give them any 
heed; they just get used to having them 
around. The rebels even get to looking 
commonplace! They will have to try some- 
thing new in order to make a scene. 

So we must see Where these people live. 
We leave the tall buildings and venture 
out into the streets. Yes, they are called 

streets now. There are houses as far as 
the eye can see, and most of them look the 
same in any given area. Do you suppose 
one man could own all these identical 
houses? If one man owns all these he 
surely has gotten behind on his repairs and 
painting. These places are filthy! I won- 
der what happens when the tenants get 
behind in their rent! What conditions we 
have seen so far: dirt, grime, rush and 
noise, poverty! It is small wonder that 
people have mo\'ed out to the quiet sub- 
urbs and tried to maloe them look like the 
counti-yside. That is where the churches 
have gone, too — the ones with four min- 
isters or one minister. The witness of the 
Gospel in this part of town is scant indeed. 
The ones tbait are left are slowly dying. 
The o^nly place for the conventional church 
to survive is in suburbia where there js 
money and fewer problems. But what 
about all these people here? Most of them 
are members of a minority, Puerto Ricans, 
Negroes, foreigners. Shall they not have 
someone to tell them of Christ? 

It is obvious that few have taken disci- 
pleship in the city seriously. Most Protes- 
tants have a great disdain for the dirt, 
noise, poverty, and immorality which are 
associated with the city. The Protestants 
have long condemned the city, but isn't at 
simply evading the problem by condem- 
ing it? There is no answer in a negative 
response. The American background is 
rural, the Protestant background is rural 
and the Brethren background is supreme- 
ly rural. One of the biggest problems of 
diseipleship in the city is the dislike of the 
city by the disciples. How shall we over- 
come the hatred which has built up in us? 
The Brethren have it. The typical Breth- 
ren Church is the small, white frame (or 
brick if it suits) building out in the country 
somewhere. If the Brethren ai-e in the 
city they are in a nice part of town. If 
they are in the inner city it is because 
that area used to be the nice part of town 
but social fate has changed things around. 
The Brethren have not made any attempt 
to establish an inner city work! 

Seeing that in the next few years the 
cities will grow into each other forming 
huge city comple.xes it must be time fbir 
the Brethren along with all of Protest- 
antism to overcome our reluctance to have 
a church and witness in the city, the nasty 
city if you please. If the Brethren Church 
is to have 25 by 75 there must be some- 
thing positive done about reaching the 
cities. If the Brethren Churdh is to sur- 
vive we must minister to the cities. 

How shall we minister to the cities? 
This is our pi-oblem. If we are to minister 
to the cities we must examine and solve 
the problems which are imique to the city. 

January 18, 1969 

Page Nineteen 

I. Depersonalization 

One of the most distressing problems in 
the city is the feeling one gets of lostness 
and aloneness. In proportion to the num- 
ber of people present, it is impossible to 
know i>ersonaUy very many of them, and 
likewise very few people know you. It is 
simply impossible to have it any other way, 
but this makes problems for the church. 
Even as one can get lost in the crowd so 
can one remain hidden from the influence 
of the church. The tiiaditionaJ forms of 
outreach are relatively ineffective in the 
huge city with its masses. Individuals ap- 
parently do not e.x'ist. It is difficult to 
make new contacts. People pi-efer to be 
left alone. They may disconnect their 
phone or have an unlisted number in order 
to protect their privacy. This depersonali- 
zation also has moral consequences. Evil 
finds sanctuary in the city because "men 
love darkness rather than light because 
their deeds are evil." There is a loss of 
restraint because of lack of social pres- 
sure. In the small town or coimtry crime 
amd immoitiali'ty is hindered to a degree be- 
cause everyone knows everyone else. In 
the cities this restraint is removed and the 
crime rate continues to spiral upward. 
But the overall depersonalization can have 
a good effect. We are free to establish 
our friendships and relationships and to 
cultivate them. The Brethren have some- 
thing unique to offer to the anonymous 
condition of the city; with our emphasis on 
brotherhood and fellowship we can pro- 
vide warmth to an otherwise cold and im- 
personal city. The loss of social pressure 
also puts an end to nominal Christianity. 
No one goes to church because of What the 
neighbors might tliink, and so there is the 
possibility of a i>urer form of the faith in 
the city. 

II. Conununication 

Much is said of the problem of communi- 
cation on agriculture-oriented Bible to an 
industrial and technological society. Some 
people in the cities have never seen a 
sheep, let alone imderstand how one be- 
haves. The parables would mean very 
little to one who never saw the wide open 
country or a fai-mer planting his crop. 
Terms like redemption, grace, salvation, 
oven "God" must be abandoned because 
people can no longer grasp their meaning. 
How can a rural theology have meaning 
in the city? I personally tliink this prob- 
lean has been exaggerated. For one thing, 
even rural America is not identical in cul- 
ture to ancient Palestine. We who have 
grown up in the coimtry in America still 
had to have the customs of Bible lands ex- 
plained to us. The assumption in this prob- 
lem is that unless you have been a sheep 
farmer you cannot understand sheep, and 

consequently the Bible. Very few people 
would qualify. None of us have learned 
anything without an explanation of it. City 
folk, quite to the contrary, find a fascina- 
tion in learning about the ways of the 
counti-yside. Furthermore, the truths 
taught in the Scriptures are not culture- 
limited. The truth applies to aU men in 
all situations, and certain terms are not 
outdated. Redemption is used of Betty 
Cix>cker coupons, grace is an additional 
waiting period after the bUls arc due and 
salvation is used of many daily situations. 
A greater problem lies with those vvho 
favor discarding these terms and that is 
finding a replacement. It is so easy to 
tear away structures but so difficult to 
Ijuild new ones in then- place. The task 
remains: we ai-e to foUow Christ into the 
city and preach the Good News. If we 
are faithful in the one God will be faithful 
in the other, namely bringing men to re- 
pentance and salvation. 

III. Ministry 

A third problem which apparently con- 
fronts the Church is the lessening influence 
of the pastor, the clergy. Some see this 
as a pi-oblem. One man againist the whole 
city can accomplish little. Some say the 
church must die because it cannot face 
the huge problems. There is one glaring 
mistake in this assumption: we have al- 
lowed ourselves to become "clergy-orien- 
ted" in oiu- church life. He is the one and 
only one Who is expected to minister to 
the needs of the masses. Any pastor would 
be ready to admit tliat this concept of min- 
istry is not workable in 'the great city. 
City life is too diverse. One man cannot 
speak with authority on every subject 
which life in the city presents, but the 
clergy can speak with authority on ithe 
Bible and sphntual problems. The over- 
done problem of relevancy is not primarily 
the problem of the clergy. It is the duty 
of the laity to make the Gospel meaning- 
ful in the world. What we need is not 
simply a.n emphasis on the layman's place 
in the ministry, we need a revolution of 
concept. We need to retirni to the New 
Testament concept. The minister is the 
pastor, the shepherd of the flock. The 
laity ai-e the sheep and it is through the 
sheep that the flock grows. Reproduction 
lies with them. The clergy would be then, 
what Tiiieblood calls the "player-coach." 
We have expected the minister to be the 
whole team and we of the laity have been 
the audience or spectotoi-s. The laity never 
give reports of their ministry at business 
meetings! The traditional, unscriptural 
type of ministi'y cannot tx> effective in the 
city, but the New Testament approach has 
great possibilities. The church building 

Page Twenty 

The Brethren Evangelist 

could become a place of training of the 
laity; a lay semLnary. 

Effective discipleship in the city will 
necessitate penetration of the masses by 
the laity, a penetration w*hich aiready takes 
place. What remains is for us to see our 
work, the assembly line, the shop, the of- 
fice, the home as a mission field and then 
do mission work there. We must strive 
for even greater penetration. Someone may 
deny himself a nice home in suburbia with 
the good schools and dean air in order to 
rent a downtown apartment so ministrj' 
cam take place there. 
IV. Race 

We cannot speak of discipleship in the 
city without confronting the race prob- 
lem. As Tom Skinner points out in the 
June-July 1968 issue of The Christian 
Reader, "Social statisticians estimate that 
within ten years most of our large metro- 
politan cities win became completely or 
predominantly populated by Negroes." The 
Brethren are still by-and-large segregated. 
Not that our churches have forbidden the 
colored man into fellowship but we have 
not sought him out. We have simply 
passed him by. In the inner dity he caamot 
be passed by. Segregation in the inner 
city means deaitli to a chiu'ch. We cannot 
solve ithe race prolDlem by treating it as a 
subpoinit in this address but we must be 
aware of tliis: if we are going to follow 

Christ into the city we wUl meet the race 
problem and we had better be 'thinking now 
about how we are going to face it. 

Discipleship in the city! We have only 
slighUy touched the subject. I sincerely 
hope and pray that we as Brethren will 
be able to sacrifice the beautiful country- 
side with its rocks and rills, forests and 
hills for the bitter grit of the city. The 
city may appear ugly to us. The task may 
seem impossible, but let me ask you this: 
has Chi-ist ever been conquered yet? The 
city may be the vei-y gates of hell but they 
shall not prevail against Christ. Christ is 
going to the city with all the problems; 
fUth, immorality, disease and noise. The 
city is where the multitudes are, and 
Christ has compassion on the multitudes. 
Christ is going to the city and if we are 
going to be His disciples we must follow 
Him there. 

Rev. Brian Moore is pastor of the Derby i 
Brethren Church, Derby, Kansas. The abovef 
address was delivered at the Mid-West Dis- 
trict Conference which convened at Mulvane, , 
Kansas, the early part of October, 1968. 

World Religious News 


Washington, D.C. (EP) — Contend- 
ing that "no church, no religion, and 
no God needs the help of the Federal 
Government and its Post Office De- 
partment to bring His witness to the 
American people, Glemi L. Archer of 
Protestants and Other Americans 
United for Separation of Church and 
State is continuing a suit to ban the 
1967 and 1968 Christmas stamp is- 

The United States Court of Appeals 
has reversed the ruling of a lower 
court which refused to consider a suit 
to stoj) the issuance of what was 




temied a "sectarian" postage stamp. 

The 1967 Christmas stamp depicts 
the Infant Jesus in the arms of his 
mother with his hand resting on 
what the P.O. Dept. describes as a 
Roman Catholic missal. 

The original suit was fded by 
Americans United for Separation of 
Church and State, along with individ- 
ual plaintiffs, contendijig that the 
stamp constituted religious propagan- 
da and go\'ernment proselytization 
for Christianity in general and the 
Roman Catholic Church in particular. 
Such postage stamps, the plaintiffs 
contend, constitute an illegal step to- 
ward an estal>lislrment of religion by 

the Federal Government m violation i 
of the First Amendment to the Con- 
stitution of the United States. 


Grand Rapids, Minn. (EP) — Eric 
Enstrom, whose photograph "Grace" 
hangs in thousands of homes, dining 
rooms and churches aroimd the world 
died here at the age of 92. 

Mr. Enstrom, who spent most of I 
his life as a portrait photographer in 
Bovey, Minn., in 1918 sought to take 
a picture showing that the war-we'ary 
world stUl had much to be thanlcful 

One day a familiar peddler, Charles 
Wilden of Grand Rapids, called at the 
Enstrom home, selling footscrapers. 
Mr. Enstrom saw in Mr. Wilden's 
bearded face the kind of serenity he 
was seeking. 

He had Mr. WUden sit at a smaUi 
table, on which he placed the family. 
Bible, a pair of folded spectacles, a 
l>owl of gruel, a loaf of bread and a 

January 18, 1969 

Page Twenty-one 

Mr. Wilden folded his hands and 
l)owed his head in a manner that was 
remai-kably easy and natural. Mr. 
Enstrom had his picture. 


Salt Lake City (EP)— The World- 
famous Church Tabernacle Choir will 
sing at a program attending Presi- 
dent-elect Richard M. Nixon's inaug- 
uration, according to J. Willard Mar- 
I'iott, chaiiTnan of the Inaugural Com- 

The 375-voice choh- sajig at Presi- 
dent Lyndon B. Johnson's Inaugui^a- 
tion in 1965, and Mr. Nbcon has ask- 
ed that the choir be invited to his. 


Little Rooli, Ark. (EP)— Evolution 
is now "a legal teaciiing subject" in 
Arkansas because of the U.S. Su- 
preme Court ruling that the state's 
anti-evolution law of 1926 was un- 

EducatO'fS greeted the court's de- 
cision with approval. 

Forrest RozzeU, executive secre- 
tary of the Arkansas Education Asso- 
ciation, said, "As long as it remained 
on the statute books, and was being 
violated, it tended to promote disre- 
spect for the law." 

Arch W. Ford, state education com- 
missioner, told newsmen, "It was a 
decision, of the court that I e.xpected. 
I did not e.Kpect the law to be sus- 
tained by the court." 

When asked if any coiTections 
would be needed in the state educa- 
tional system as a result of the decis- 
ion, Mr. Ford said, "It might have 
some psychological meaning on the 
teachers, but I don't think it has too 
much practical meaning. I tlimk it's 
good that the law has been stricken." 


Stillwater, Okla, (EP) — A new 
style marriage that would pennit 
partners to engage in "extracuiTicu- 
lar" sexual relations was proposed 
here by a theologian speaking at 
Se.xpo 68. 

Some 1,500 Oklahoma State Uni- 
versity students heard Dr. Edwai'd 
Hobbs, professor of theology and Bi- 
ble liistory at the University of Cal- 
ifornia, make his appeal for the radi- 
cal chcuige in modern social stnjc- 
ture. Dr. Hobbs, who is also profes- 

sor of medicine at California, ad- 
mitted his proposal probably would 
not be accepted. 

He suggested marriage by a life- 
time bond, broken only after great 
difficulty If children were present or 
on the way. The bond, he said, would 
heilp maintain the stability of the 
Union and protect offspring, re\ers- 
ing the cun^ent cycle of maiTiage, di- 
\'orce and remariying. 

Earlier a New York Psychologist 
and marriage coiuiselor said veneral 
disease could be wiped out if it were- 
n't for puritanical ideas and lack nf 


Wasliing-ton, D.C. (EP)— The U.S. 
Supreme Coui't took under advise- 
ment the involved question of who is 
rightful owner of chiu-ch property 
when a congregation disaffiliates 
from the parent organization because 
of doctrinal differences. 

In oral argument stretching over 
two days, the Justices repeatedly had 
to keep the focus on whether there 
was a real issue for the Coui't as a 
civil body or whether it falls exclus- 
ively under the pale of church gov- 

Charles L. Gowen, attorney for Uie 
Presbyterian Church in the U.S. 
(Southern) insisted that a dissident 
congregation in Savannah had no 
right to approve the civil courts of 
Georgia to settle the issue. 

When the congregation affiliated 
with the denomination in the 1800's, 
he said, they, like other Presbyteri- 
ans, tiu-ned over their chiu'Ch proper- 
ty in "implied trust" to the denom- 

Property titles of churches, church 
policy notwithstanding rest with the 
local congregation in Georgia. 

The Georgia Supreme Coui't ruled 
in favor of two dissatisfied Presby- 
terian churches, holding that the 
property is theirs and that the par- 
ent organization is no't entitled to it. 


Minneapolis (EP) — BUly Graham 
talked "sports, politics and religion" 
at a recent "quiet dinner with Pres- 
ident-elect Richard Nixon in the Nix- 
on apartment in New York City. 

But beyond that, the 50-yeai'-old 
evangelist declined to provide specif- 
ics about their conversation when he 

arri\'e<:i in Minneopohs for a four-day 
stay prior to taking off for Vietnam 
and a Christmas visit with U.S. 

In reply to a reporter's question, 
the e\'angelist said Mr. Nixon "has a 
number of plans" for dealing with the 
lack of support he receiver from the 
nation's Negroes in the November 

"I suspect that four years from 
now minority gi-oups will think tliey 
have been well treated," Mr. Graham 

The e\-angelist was highly critical 
of clergymen who bi-e-ak the law in 
protesting the war and social injus- 
tice and of small groups of students 
\\ hich have closed colleges. 


New York (EP) — "Scientific train- 
uig is helpfiU in understcmding and 
adopting tlie Gospel." 

So stated nuclear physicist Dr. 
John A. Mclntyre, physics professor 
and associate du-ector for research at 
tlie Cyclotron Institute at Texas A. 
& M. University-. He said the oppo- 
site view often held is simply a "con- 
temporcQ-y excuse" for nonbelief, ad- 
ding that "the real reason is still the 
same as it has always been" — that 
men don't waait to submit their own 
wills to a greater will. 

Rather than discrediting religion. 
Dr. Mclntyre said, the scientific ap- 
|;roach actually lends credibility to it. 

"The scientific attitude which has 
developed in Christian civilization is 
naturally congenial to honestly ex- 
cmiinmg evidence for truth," he said. 
He added tliat the patiis to religious 
and scientific dlscoveiy are much the 


London (EP) — Queen Elizabetli 
will attend ne.xt year's full business 
session of the (Presbyterian) Church 
of Scotland — the first Sovereign (to 
do so in almost four centuries. The 
last visit by a sovereign was well be- 
fore the union of the Crowns of 
England and Scotland m 1603. An 
announcement said the Queen will be 
accompanied by her husband, the 
Duke of Edinburgh, and would stay 
at the palace of Holyrood House dur- 
ing the Assembly, which wUl last 
from Tuesday, May 20 to Wednesday, 
May 28. 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 



I Corinthians 13:8, 13 

"What the world needs now is 
love, sweet love, 

That's the only thing we're think- 
ing of." 

So says one of the popular songs of the 
day. This is also the contention of the 
"flower people" and the reason for the 
"love beads" we see. I have no quarrel 
with these sentiments. I'm sure I would 
differ with many of them about type, origin 
and e.Kpression of the love they are refer- 
ring to, but the world does need love, a dur- 
able love, the kind God has revealed to 
the world in His Son, Jesus Christ. 

Many of you have probably read the lit- 
tle devotional classic "The Greatesit Thing 
In The World" by Henry Di-ummond. Men 
for ages have been seaixjhing for the "sum- 
mum bonum." Philosophers from Aristotle 
on down have offered definitions of the 
highest good, but as Drummond says, the 
greatest thing in the world is love because 
it lasts: it is durable. 

Jesus certainly wanted love to last and 
endure in His disciples. One of His last 
commandments to them was, "Love one 
another." "Surely this often-repeated com- 
mandment to love had now taken root in 
the apostles' hearts. It would not only sus- 
tain them during the houi-s that lay just 
ahead, but, of course, become the central 
theme and identification of Christians 
throughout the ages."' This Chi-istian faith 
is based upon a personal relationship be- 
tween God and man. The apostles knew 
this love because it flowed from a Person, 
their Lord and Master. This is the way we 
must know God. God is a "Thou" not an 
"It." To know something as an "it" is one 
thing, but ito know something as "Thou" in 
a love relationship is vei-y different. For 
example, an anthropologist in Africa do- 
ing research on a particular tribe, may be 
or become an expert on primitive life, but 
never got to know the people for more 
than scientific purposes. But a missionary 
with less expert knowledge, with the love 
of Christ in his heart will come to know, 
and build up a personal loving relaitionship. 
That's what it means to know God as 
"Thou" not "it," or just knowing about 
God and knowing God in a personal lov- 
ing relationship. Let us look then to I 
Corinithians 13:8, 13. 

I. Love never fails. 

The Corinthians had been fighting over 
the best spiritual gift. In this 13th chap- 
ter, Paul shows it is love. Love has no 
equal as a spiritual gift, love never ends. 
Paul's conviction and Christian faith was 
based on personal e.xperience of the love of 

This phrase, love never faileth, love nev- 
er ends, shows the permanence of love. 
Tlie Greek does not mean that love always 
succeeds — that it is sure to win — rather, 
it will ne\'er fail in the sense of "come to 
an end." Prophecy, tongues, and knowl- 
edge have no permanence. Love never 
falls down on the job. Love by its very 
nature is pemianent. Let us take a look 
at this idea in the language of logic: 
God is Eternal; 
God is Love; 
Therefore, Love is Eternal. 

This love that "never fails" sees such 
value in the sinner that it carries in its 
heart a perpetual cross to win his love in 
return, and the love thus created is of the 
same nature as God's parent love. "And 
unless our hearts go out to people we shall 
never reach their hearts. We may talk to 
them forever, but unless we have this lov- 
ing sympathy we might as well be silent. 
It is possible to pelt people with the Gos- 
pel and to produce the effect of flinging 
stones at them. Much Christian work 
comes to nothing mainly for that reason."^ 
Our love has to be durable. 

What happens to people who can't or 
won't love? Let us ask the doctors. "For 
more than forty years I have sat in my 
office and listened while people of all ages 
and classes told me of their hopes and 
feai-s ... As I look back over the long, 
full years, one truth emerges dearly in my 
mind — the universal need for love . . . 
They cannot survive without love; they i 
must have it or they will perish."3 "It is 
the individual who is not initeresited in his 
fellow man who has the greatest difficul- 
ties in life and provides the greatest in- 
jm-y in life. It is from among such indi- 
viduals that all human failures spring. 
Dr. Adler from tiiousands of patients has 
obsei-ved that the lack of love was a part 
of all human failures. "•» Without love, we 
lose the will to live. Our mental and phys- 

January 18, 1969 


ical vitality is impaired, oui- resistance is 
lowered, Eind we succumb to illnesses that 
often prove fatal. We may escape death, 
but what remains is a meager and barren 
existence, emotionally so impoverished that 
we can only be called half alive. It is one 
of the basic facts of human life that the 
ungiven self is the unfilled self."' The 
background of vvoiTy is fear; the fore- 
ground is nervousness. Both reduce vital- 
ity, impair the will, and often impair man's 
reason. Love can keep wony from defeat- 
ing life. Lave endui-es all things, forever. 
Love never ends. Thank God for a love 
that is durable. 

So often love does se«m to fail. It fails 
when those to whom it is directed are un- 
responsive, as in the case of Judas Isoariot. 
Sometimes it fails because of something 
lacking in those who would exercise it. If 
love is not tempered by judgment, it can 
easily degenerate into something like sen- 
timentality. As Dr. BiUy Graliam says, 
"It is possible to be right theologically and 
yet be lacking in a spii-it of love, which is 
exactly the condition of the demons. Hu- 
mility and love are precisely ithe graces 
which ithe men of the world can under- 
stand, if they don't comprehend doctrines. 
So if someone teUs you that lo\'e has fail- 
ed, make sure it's God's love ithey have 

You and I should have no question about 
the durability of the love of God, "For I 
am persuaded, that neither death, nor hfe, 
nor angels, nor principalities, nor powera, 
nor things present, nor things to come, nor 
height, nor depth, nor any other creatui^e. 
shall be able to separate us fi-om the love 
of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord" 
(Rom. 8:38, 39). The question is our dura- 
bility and ability to show love. We live 
just one mile fi-om John Deere Reseaixih 
and Engineering Center. It is here that 
a whole department is gi\'en the task of 
testing the durabUity of John Deere prod- 
ucts. How long will a drawbar hold up 
pulling a constant load of .\ number of 
tons? You can see almost constantly the 
black smoke from engines that are run 
constantly under differing load conditions. 
Yes, industry is testing the durability of 
the things we use. How often is your love 
put to the test. Many times I'm sure. 

Page Twenty-three 

Sometimes we break, not even realizing 
thait love is what the situation really need- 
ed. Our love has to be durable, and lasting. 

The Lutheran Chui'Ch puts out a fine 
children's cartoon-puppet story with fine 
messages about God. The show is called 
Davy and Goliath. Davy is a small boy and 
Goliath is his talking dog. A little boy in 
the neighborhood is shunned by his play- 
mates because he wears a polka dot tie 
and talks funny. The forlorn boy goes with 
his dog to sulk in the park. The dog 
turns to the boy and asks, "Doesn't any- 
body love us?" The boy replies, "God 
does." The dog says, "Then why don't 
people?" A very good question to ask; why 
doesn't our love endure to all, even if they 
aa-e different? 

Our Brother Kumar from India said 
something very similar in the Seminary 
presentation before this conference. When 
he came to the Seminary as a newcomer, 
those here assured him that "God loves 
you Kumar," but after heai-ing those words 
for some time he got to feeling, "O. K. 
buddy, show me love, then." Love is dur- 
able when it is used, put to work, but 
when it is inert, its durability is not tested. 
We must let our love be put to the test. 

God's love is durable, permanent, but 
He wants it to endure in and through us. 
Permit me to pai-aphrase the words of 
Jesus to Peter: "Do you love me?" "Yes 
Lord, you know I love you." "Then show 
people the durability of My love." Breth- 
ren, I want you all to repeat this next 
phrase in your minds after I say it. Breth- 
ren: God wants to love througph me! 

Paul's 13th chapter is by, and for apos- 
tles of Good News. It has the ultimate ef- 
fect on our evangelism. "Without love I 
am nothing." From the beginning the 
Church has possessed the concept of love 
which is related to such words as mercy, 
grace, redemption and forgiveness. A good 
part of the time, however, the Church has 
been convinced that it should [Xjint out and 
condemn evU. Since it is easier to condemn 
than it is to redeem, people have sometimes 
experienced more condemnation at church 
than redemption. AU too often the atti- 
tude of the Church has been one of unlov- 
ing and rejecting moralism. People in 
trouble have turned to secular agencies for 
the simple reason that they did not beUeve 
that they could find in the Chm-ch the un- 
derstanding and acceptance which they 
craved. . . Acceptance is a willingness to 
meet persons as they ai-e. It means accept- 
ing their words, feelings and acts without 
either condemning or approving the per- 
sons themselves. It means willingness to 
beco-me involved. It is the opposite of the at- 
titude which says: "Run along. I can't be 
bothered with the likes of you. When you 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

rtiise yaurself up to my standards, tlieii I 
will accepit yO'U."6 It is not by driving 
our brother away that we can be alone 
with God. "Congregations comtemplating 
their evangelism programs might well con- 
sider whether their visitors are ready to 
point people to the forgiving love of 
God. Are the visitors capable of accepting 
the unchui'ched where they find them? 
Can they grant people the right to say 
'yes' or 'no'? Do the visitors feel that 
in Christ they really have something to 
offer? Is the congregation, for its part, 
able to surround new members with love 
and understanding? If such love is absent, 
what will happen to the new members?"' 
Is your church demonstrating the durabil- 
ity of God's love? Ai-e you demonstrating 
the durability of God's lo\'e in your life? 

II. Prophet'ies fail, tongues cease, knowl- 
edge vanishes. 

Paul states at the beginning of verse 8 
that love never ends, but these things will. 
Prophecies fail, tongues cease and knowl- 
edge vanishes. "Lo\'e never faileth." Its 
exisitence, activity, manifestation, wUl be 
pei"petuated. The wonderful spiritual gifts 
of which he had said so much, proipheoy, 
the ability to speak with tongues, knowl- 
edge — these should cease to exist. Al- 
though they proceeded from the Holy 
Ghost and were mightily insti-umemtal for 
good in the incipient work of the Church, 
yet, nevertheless, they were to terminate. 
Scaffoldings were they all, useful as such, 
subsei-v-ing most important ends, but mere 
scaffoldings, that could no longer remain 
when the edifice had been finished. Wliat 
then is the ideal of the Church? It is not 
splendid endowments, for they ai'e doomed 
to extiirction, but the love "that never fail- 
eth." Whether the passing away of these 
gifts refer to the apostolic age or to "the 
age to come" matters nothing, since the 
idea of then- discontinuation rather than 
of the time it should occur, is foremost in 
St. Paul's mind. Imagine then, his con- 
ception of love, when he could contemplate 
the Church as a vast body laying off these 
mighty accompaniments of its career, and 
yet, so far from being weakened, would be 
girded afresh with a power more resplend- 
ent and display it in a form uifinitely more 

Anoither writer tells us of the temporary 
nature of these gifts. "Why is it appoint- 
ed that these gifts shall cease. Because 
they were bestowed to sei've a temporary 
purpose, when the barque of 01ia%tianity 
had to be laimched upon the sea of human 
society, when Christian doctrine needed a 
special introduction and a special authenti- 
cation. There are certain parts of a plant 
wliich sei-ve to protect it for a season, 
which disappear when the plant is matui-e. 

A scaffolding may be useful for a time; 
but when the building is cO'mpleited, it has 
done its work, and is taken down and car- 
ried away. So with these gifts; good for 
a temporary pmpose, they may be dispens- 
ed with when that purpose is attained . . . 
And notice that while the special gifte re- 
ferred to have passed away, love remains 
the distinctive feature of the Church of 
Christ in all its varying circiunstances and 

Paul was writing to Greeks who were 
noted for, and proud of theii- knowledge. I 
imagine it stai-tled the Cormtliians to learn ! 
that all knowledge is taken away. "We 
know in part and we prophesy in part." 
"All knowledge cannot be meant, for love 
itself includes much knowledge, and, in 
its absence, would simply be emotional in- 
tensity. To possess the mere faculty of 
knowing would be worthless, if the mind 
could not retain the contents of knowledge 
and make them a portion integrally of it- 
self. What the apostle teaches is that such 
knowledge as stands related to the present 
state and time, and grows directly out of 
imperfect human development, and shares 
the condition of all things earthly, is short- 
lived and must terminate." i" 

There is a danger in knowledge alone. 
Even if it is knowledge about Christianity. 
The Christian Gospel has been put into 
words. It is a story. But memorizing a 
stoi-y; or building a philosopliical super- 
structure upon the stoi-y is not the Gos- 
pel. Paid summarized it well in I Corinth- 
ians 8:1, "Knowledge puffs up, but love 
builds up" (RSV). 

Love will never cease to be necessary. 
Faith and hope are human, love is essenti- 
ally divine. Love never ends, these things 
will end. 

III. Love is the greatest of all. 

The early Chiu-ch showed this. Their ■ 
hallmark was, "See how they love one 
another." "The compassion which should 
be the chief external mark of a committed 
Christianity minority may well begin with 
the relations to fellow members in the re- 
demptive society, but must not be limited 
to them. It is our care for the helpless, 
wrote Tertuilian, our practice of loving- 
kingness that brands us in the eyes of 
many of our opponents. The point is that 
among committed Christians, the compas- 
sion was so general that it could be noticed 
by outsiders. The love of Christ made a 
visible difference in the love of men. The 
deepest mark of committed Christianity is 
the difference it makes. "The love of the 
brethren is likely to be more genuine if 
there is, at the same time, an imabashed 
expression of the Love of Christ."" 

How has the Brethren Church expressed . 
to the world that God's Love is Durable? 

January 18, 1969 

Page Twenty-five 

It used to be evident. Quoting from the 
History of the Tunkers; "Such Christians 
as tliey are I have never seen. So averse 
are they to all sin and to many things that 
other Christians esteem lawful, that they 
noit only refuse to swear or to go ito war, 
but they are so afraid of doing anything 
contrary to the commands of Christ that no 
temptation would prvvail upon them even 
to sue a person at law, for either name, 
character, estate or debt, be it ever so just. 
They are industrious, sober, temperate, 
kind, charitable people, envying not the 
great, not despising the mean; they read 
much, they sing and pray much, and are 
constant attendants upon the public wor- 
ship of God. Their dwelling houses are all 
houses of prayer. They walk in the com- 
mandments and ordinances of the Lord 
blameless, both in public and in private. 
They bring up their children in the nutiu-e 
and admonition of the Lord. No noise of 
rudeness, shameless mirth, loud, vain 
laughter we heard within itheiir doors. The 
law of kindness is in their mouths; no 
sourness or moroseness disgraces their re- 
ligion; and whate\'er they believe their 
Savior has commanded, they practice, with- 
out inquiring or regarding what others 
do."i2 This was an appraisal by outsiders 
of our early Brethren. Would it stUl hold 
true today? Especially the part about their 
love for one anoither. In Matthew 24:12 
Jesus says, "The love of many will wax 

Dr. Shultz in "Soul of the Symbols" 
speaks about coldness creeping into the 
church in its early centuries. "The wood- 
en cross of Christ was exchanged for the 
great, golden, jewel-studded crosses of the 
Roman Church. This exchange has con- 

Bishop, Jim, The Day Christ Died, p. 

Maclaren, Alexander 
McMUlen, S. I., None of These Diseas- 
es, p. 53 
Ibid., p. 77 
Ibid., p. 128 

Resource Book for E\-angelism, Breth- 
ren Board of Evangelism, Training 
Lesson, Series Four, p. 8 
Ibid., p. 9 

Rev. Ex-Chancellor Lipscomb, Pulpit 
Coninientarv, Vol. 44 p. 437 
Op. Cit., R.Tuck, p. 445 
Loc. Cit., Lipscomb, p. 437 
Trueblood, Elton, Dr., The Incendiar.v 
Fellowship, p. 32 and 83 
Holsinger, Henry, History of the Tank- 
ers, p. 805 

Shultz, Dr. Joseph, Soul of the S\iii- 
bols, p. 110 

Finney, Charles, Quoted from Lei'tures 
on KeMvals of Religion, in Eternitj* 
Magazine, July, 1968, p. 19 
Blanks, Mel., Eternit>' Magazine, Au- 
gust, 1968, p. 8 

tinued through the centuries and today the 
Church offers only the cold symbols of 
church buildings and gold crosses for 
Christian lo\'e-fellowship. People of the 
world have come to belie\'e that "The 
Church" is a building. Lonely people of 
the Christian faith, and the world, are 
seeking warm love and the Church offers 
cold worship ser\'ices. In a word, people 
are ever seeking warm love and the Church 
is ever offering cold crosses."" In some- 
what the same \'ein, "Merely knowing that 
they belong to the church, or seeing them 
occasionally at the communion table, wOl 
not produce Christian lo'\-e, unless they see 
the image of Christ." '•• 

Our Love Feast has endured, but the 
love of the Brethren is only luke-warm. 
Does our love of doctrine get in the way of 
our love for people? I pray that it does 
not. We as Brethren can talk of love and 
obser\'e the Love Feast, but we must show 
the Durability of God's Love. 

Y(-.u remember I said that if the love of 
God remains inert its durability is not be- 
ing tested. There is one area that the 
church is having difficulty letting God's 
love prevail. That is the racial problem. 
JNIel Blanks, a Negro on the staff at Scrip- 
ture Press says, "I am convinced that until 
and unless the Church recognizes the need 
to act 'Christian' in this area, America can 
e.>q3ect no permanent solution. The Church 
may ride in on the tail of secular initiative, 
but the final solution stUl rests with the 
Church which alone deals with the heart. 
Legislation is right and necessary and may 
prepare the way for the person to person 
relationships. It is stUl true, however, that 
Christians must show the world how to 
genuinely love ... if the church in Amer- 
ica indeed knows how to lave."'^ 

Do we know how to genuinely love? Can 
we shoiW the world the dui-abUity of God's 
love? Brethren; God wants to love through 

Love of God, so pure and changeless 
Blood of Christ so rich and free 
Grace of God, so strong and boundless 
Magnify them all in me — Even me. 

"Love's Durability" is the third sub topic 
under the General Conference theme: "Let 
Sod's Love Prevail." Rev. Hollinger, pastor 
of the First Brethren Church of Cedar Falls, 
Iowa, presented the above address on Friday 
nnorning of General Conference. 

Page Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evangelist 


ON OCTOBER 27, we held our Homecoming services. 
Hi.mecomLng was very special this year as it was 
also our 80th Anniversary. Rev. Delbert Flora oi Ash- 
land Theological Seminary was the guest speaker, pre- 
senting inspiring messages at the morning and afternoon 
services. He based his mourning sermon upon Abraham's 
responsibility in taking the promised land and indicating 
that the Individual has a similar respoiisibility in con- 
quering lilmself. At the afternoon service his topic was 
"Church Building." He indicated that in i-eality the 
church is a li\-ing organism. Christ — the Living Stone 
of Bedrock — is the foundation. Church members — 
"living stones" — are used for the building of the super- 

A noon fellowship meal was lield in the church social 
rooms with approximately 140 participating. 

At the afternoon service letters of greeting were read 
from Pfc. and Mrs. Ronald Sandrock (Mai-y White), Mrs. 
Mai-y Maus, Rev. Lemert, Rev. and Mrs. E. J. Black 
and Re\'. Alvin Grumbling. Rev. and Mrs. Smith Rose 
were present and gave personal greetings. The pastor 
presented a very interesting visual display, illustrating 
by pictures and other materials the 80-ycar history and 
development of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 

It was good to see some old friends and members re- 
turning for the special services. 

Marcia Sander 

Left to light: Rev. and Mis. Smith Rose, 
Bever, Waiva Corwin and Rev. Delbert 

guest speaker 


Bob Lockhart and Rev. M. W. Dodds 

Bob Lockhart 

JiUiuarj 18, 1969 

Page Twenty-seven 



James E. Norris 

Program for February 



Scripture: Matthew 5;17-20; John 13:34-35; John 15:10-14. 


The Law of Lo\'e was fully-instituted by our Lord 
Jesus Christ, even from before the world began. We are 
ipt to forget this, unless we go into His Word and study 
it. "In the beginning was the Word, and the word was 
ivith Grod, and the Word was God. The same was in 
the beginning with God. AU things were made by him: 
and without him was not anything made that was made. 
In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And 
the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness compre- 
hendeth it not" (John 1:1-5). "He that loveth not know- 
eth nO't God; for God is love" (I John 4:8). "And we have 
l<nown and believed the love that God hath to us. God 
is love; and he that dwelleth in love, dweUeth in God, and 
God in him" (I John 4:16). In E.Kodus 20:l-2a, we read 
what is commonly called The Ten Commandments. They 
were known as the lyiiw. "And God spake all tiiese words, 
saying ... I am tlie Lord tliy God." It may be difficult 
for us to coimprehend, yet, we see here God on Mt. Sinai, 
and a little later in our study we see God in Jesus in 
and around Galilee and Jerusalem. 

Verses lor discussion: 
I. Mattliew 5:17 

"Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the 
prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil." Jesus 
was brought up in a very strict home: a godly home. He 
iid not fully assert himself until He entered the active 
ministry. When one of the reUgious leaders of His day 
isked Him which is the great commandment in the law. 

He answered and said, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy 
God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with 
all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. 
And the second is like unto it. Thou shalt love thy neigh- 
bor as thyself. On these two commandments hang all 
the law and the prophets" (Matt. 22:36-40). 

2. Matthew 5:18 (Read and conuiient) 

What was a "jot or a tittle?" God's Wor-d makes it 
clear that all pit>phecy wUl be fulfUled, all of his plan 
wUl have been comipleted, culminating in a new heaven 
and a new earth. 

3. Matthew 5:19 

What does this verse imply? We should not use the 
word imply. There is no question as to what it means. 
It is well to note that wo are held accounta.ble for wliat 
we teach, and it had better be right. 

i. Matthew 17:20 

What is righteousness? Are there degrees of righteous- 
ness? What was the big mistake the Pharisees made 
when they l>egan to question Jesus? 

5. John 1:^:34 

"A new coninianihiient I give unto .you, that ye love 
one another: as I have loved ,vou, that ye also love one 
anotlier." In what way was this a new commandment? 
How are Christian disciples recognized (verse 35)? 

6. .John 15:10-14 

How shall we abide in His lo\'e? What is this joy He 
speaks of in verse 11? The law of love requires us to be 
friends of Jesus. Elaborate on this. 

Page Twentj'-eight 


by Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Chapter VI 



■"pHE SERIES of programs for Brotherhoods to use 
1 this year of 1968-69 is entitied "Brotherhood Bible 
Survey." These lessons are pi-eseiited in the hope that 
each Brotherhood member might gain an overall view 
of Scripture and what the major divisions of Scripture 
contain. This month we wish to discuss the topic of 
the minor prophetical books of the Old Testament. These 
books are called minor not because they are unimport- 
ant, but because they are relatively short in length. I 
would recommend that the leader make copies of this 
lirogram for each member and distribute them to the 
members so that they cam fUl in the answers to the 
questions for themselves and keep a record of their 
work. Most of the answers will appear in the program 
with the questions. 

1. Q: The Ixioks of the minor prophets arc . 

3. Q: 

Find background information concerning each 
l50ok of the minor prophets in a Bible Diction- 
ary, and present this to the group in chart form. 
The headings of the chart ishould be (1) author, 
(2) style of the book, (3) kings who reigned 
during the life of the author, (4) historical 
background of the Ijook, (51 a list of any people 
mentioned in the book. 

In what way does Hosea's life dramatically illu- 
strate the message he proclaimed to God's peo- 
ple (chap, 1-3)? 

4. Q: What message does Joel have for the Jews? 

A: "The day of Jehovah" is coming and it will in- 
volve God's judgment of the people on the earth. 

5. Q: What does Amos say is his reason for speaking: 

out for God? 
A: Amos 7:12-14 

6. Q: Obadiah announces Ciod's judgment upon what 


A: His judgment is upon Ed(>m, the nation which 
descended from Esau. 

7. Q: Review the story of Jonah and discuss the les- 

sons that we learn from it. 

8. Q: What interesting prophecy do we find in Micah 


9. Q: What great city does Nahum condemn through 

God's judgment and why? 

10. Q: Read and discuss the 3rd chapter of Habakkul<! 

in order to see the faith and confidence w€i 
need to have in Ck>d. 

11. Q: What is the message which Zephaniah has from 

A: A judgment is coming upon Judah and all na.} 
tions but there will be eventual deliverance foi 

12. Q: What did Haggai do in relation to the temple? 
A: He encouraged the Jews to rebuild the tempkl 

when they returned from captivity. 

13. Q: Discuss the eight visions in Zehariah 1-6. 

14. Q: What does the book of JMalaehi demonsti-ate hi 


A: It shows us that the battle with sin is nevei 
ended in this life. 



Ephesians 3:18 

anuary 18, 1969 

Page Twenty-nine 


Hi, you'all, 

This is the long unheard from but not long lost Saraso- 
a Brethren laymen reportmg. My only excuse for delay 
5 the tremendous effort it takes me to confine myself to 
. desk for the purpose of writing, with the temperatures 
II the eighties. 

If this keeps up I'll have to cut the grass again. Oh 
veil, down here we just learn to grin and bear it. 

After a three month vacation we have reopened our 
lymen's meetings. We had a very interesting meeting 
n November. A gentleman talked to us about Flying 
>aucers. There were some believers in the audience, and 
ve had some converts before the night was ended. We 
vere referred to the first chapter of Ezekiel on this par- 
icular subject. However, don't anyone woiTy, for what- 
ever is in this \-ast universe, God is still in complete com- 

Gettijig back down to earth again, we decided to hold 
'lection of officers at our January meetmg. 

Ronnie Easier, secretai-y 
note . . . This missive looks like a bit of Florida i^ropa- 
;anda, but the northern "supreme court" decided to pub- 
ish it anyway. As I write this comment, snow is falling 
is well as the temperature and there is eveiy prospect for 
I "White Christmas" ... we call it "the beautiful." 

ye ed 


THE SOUTH BEND LAYIVIEN have continued to be 
active in the program and work of the church. 
Dur activities have been constructi\-e, promotional and 
social. We have combined the three wherever possible. 

Last fall a series of work nights was scheduled. The 
aymen removed and replaced the pews during the lay- 
ng of the new carpet. 

Laymen Nordblad, Curtis, Jones and Yoder have re- 
nodeled the kitchen. 

Much of the church interior has been washed and 
ladnted. Draperies, made by our ladles, were hung on the 
lew tracks. 

On each night, many of our ladies were present to 
issist and ser\'e refreshments. This work was directed by 
)ur project chairman Bert Noi-dblad and the building 
'ommittee chaii-man Ivan Crafoot. 

Re\-. Virgil Ingraham was otu- speaker in October. The 
aymen had invited the entire congregation and a good 
lumber had attended. It was an evening of inspiration, ed- 
ucation and fellowship. 

In November the laymen sponsored a trip to the Ft. 
A''ayne CoUeseum and the performance of Holiday on Ice. 
Some seventy-one membei^s enjoyed the trip. 

On December 17, the annual Christmas Party was held. 
iiev. Richard Allison was the featured speaker. Again the 
.■ongregation was invited. Rev. Allison's presentation was 

the Christmas story based on pictures he took while on 
the Seminary Holy Land tour. 

On December 14 three of oiu- men transported a truck 
load of new and used clothing to Kentucky. 

In view of the importance of the ushers, the men have 
posted a list of volimteers for each Sunday. These men 
are to act as grecters before and after each sei-\ice. Wc 
feel this is to be most important. Each Tuesday, when 
there is no conflict with other church activities, our vol- 
unteer Men's Fellowsliip meet in a cottage-type prayer 
and study. A spiritual lift is experienced a;t each meeting. 

We are most happy at the response of our men and the 
sizeable group that respond. 

Donald KoUar. secretary. 


Miami, Fla. (EP) — All Dade 
County employees of the U.S. Health, 
Education and Welfare Department 
here were cautioned about celebrat- 
ing Christmas irregularly this year. 

The Miami Herald carried the fol- 
lowing spoof, allegedly in accordance 
with Title II of the Civil Rights Act: 

1. All Christmas trees must have 
at least 23.4 per cent colored bulbs 
and must be placed throughout the 
tree and not segregated in back of 
the tree. 

2. Ohristmas presents cannot be 
wrapped in white paper. However, 
interim approval can be given if col- 
ored ribbon is used to tie them. 

3. If a manger scene is used, 20 
percent of the angels and one of the 
Three Kings must be of a minority 

4. If Cliristmas music is played, 
"We Shall Overcome" must be given 
equal time. Under no circumstances 
is "I'm Dreaming Of A White Christ- 
mas" to be played. 

5. Care should be taken in party 
planning. For example: Use pink 
champagne instead of white. Turkey 
may be ser\-ed but only if white and 
dark meat are on the same platter. 
There will be no separate but equal 
portions permitted. Use chocolate 
royale ice cream instead of vanilla. 
Both chocolate and white milk must 
be served. There wUl be no freedom 
of choice plan. Milk will be served 
without regard to color. 

A team from the Office of Health, 
Education and Welfare wUl visit us 
on December 25 to determine our 
compliance with the Act. 

If it snows on Christmas, we aj-e in 
trouble ! 

Page Thirty 

The Brethren Evangelist 





A PROVOCATIVE article eriUbled, "What's on the 
Horizon in tlie 70's ... on the Social Scene" ap- 
peared in a recent issue of Church Administration maga- 
zine. The author, Albert McClellan said, "None but the 
foolish would try to predict the future. We know this 
and try it anyway." 

Cei'tainly it is time that we take notice of the facts 
relating to our rapidly chcinging world and try to discov- 
er how we can more effectively minister to space-age 

Mr. McClellan cites foui- great fiicts that must be con- 
sidered as we share our ministi-y. First, is the fact of the 
incomprehensible change in population. By the year 
2000, the population of the U.S. will double. By that 
time the editor of the General Electric Forum said, "we 
will have to buUd housing and community facilities equal 
to all those that have Ijeen built since the first settler 

This means that a new nation will literally be con- 
structed in our time — a nation which must liear the 

The second fact is that the 70's will pnxluce a "liigh 
energy ci\-ilization." The computer will compound man's 
mental capabilities. Electix>nics will enable him to speak 
to aU the world. Jet travel will make tlie world a still 
smaller place. 

Third, considerably more than lialf the world's popula- 
tion will be under twenty-five years of age. This trend 
has already made an impact in the fields of politics, 
entertainment and clothing designs. 

Finally, everything traditional is being cliallenged. 
"The new morality rebels against traditional chastity, 
the now theology against traditional religion, and the 
new education against the traditional place of the church 
in value buUding." 

No great stretch of the imagination is required to see 
that we are in the midst of a revolutionary age. But 
what does this mean for the Christian educator? 

One thing it does not mean is that we may continue 
doing things as they ha\-e always been done. George N. 
Patterson wrote in the No\'ember 22, 1968, issue of 
Christianity Today : 

"In the Industrial Re\-olution of the nineteenth cen- 
tury. Christian leaders were quick to see the advan- 
tages of harnessing, proliferating industrial wealth, 
transport developments, medicad, social, and educa- 
tional advances, and a reasonably secure worldwide 
political system to the Christian Gospel — and the 
effective m'issions system was born. But where are 
the Christian leaders who ai-e pondering the signifi- 
cance and possible uses of the Communications Revo- 
lution in spreading the Christian Gospel in the Twen- 
tieth century?" 

He also points out that with the Communications Rev- 
olution will come more pictures and less print; more talk- 
ing and less walking; more electi-onic signals and less 
paper; more private communication and mo>re mass 

The communicatioins satellites we now have possess 
1200 operating circuits; by 1975 the.\- wUI have 5000 cir- 
cuits. Patterson says that as "more powerful satellites 
are launched, recciNdng stations will become cheaper . . . 
what is now envishioned is a home television set as a re- 
ceiver, in a version much cheaper — one costing about 
$50 — than what is now a\-ailable." 

Such systems are no longer Just dreams; they wiill 
soon be a reality. The challenge is for Christian educa- 
tors to get ready now for the great oppowtunities whidhi 
lie just ahead in the field of communicaitions. 

How should we prepare for them? Here are some sug-i 
gestions: (1) Avoid change for change's sake but never- 
slirink from the challenges of the age. (2) Be conttnual'liy- 
studying programs and procedures both to doterminei 
I heir effectiveness and their consistency with our theolag-; 
ical position. (3) Seek a natural entrance into the "sec- 
ular society" and avoid the development of Christiani 
gheittos. (4) Build up the Church — which is the body 
of Christ — and help it focus itself on its ministry and: 
mission in the world. We must determine first what 
needs to be done in communicating the Gospel and theni 
do it. Highly trained Christian laymen probably hold the 
key to the church's entrance into mass media as they 
jiossess the needed skills. 

Since we can only teach those whose attention we can' 

January 18, 1969 

Page Thirty-one 

captui-e, our efforts must be attractive and well sup- 
plied with good pictures; we must reach people where 
they live — at home — by appropriate use of mass me- 
dia; and we musit be willing to teach more by our being 
than by our words. 

Certainly Christian education can make better use of 
audio \'isual aids of all sorts and be alert to new media 
being developed which will help us reach an increasing 
population for Christ. The possibilities of the future are 


SINCE September our youth group of the First Breth- 
ren Church in Pleasant Hill, Ohio, has been quite 
busy under the leadership of our advisor, Maxine Del- 
camp, and our new officers. Our attendance has in- 
creased greatly, \'ai-ying between eleven and nineteen 
members at each meeting. On September 28 we babysat 
for one of the church's classes whioli was having a party. 

October 5 we had a boiwling party, October 13 we bad 
our annual \-isitation program aimed to get new members 
into our group, October 18 we had a birthday parti>- for 
our advisor Maxine Delcamp, October 25 we sponsored 
a Halloween party for our entire church, ajid late in 
October we were asked to work in Vu-gU Sliauer's roses 
and ready them for winter since he was unable himse'If. 
We again bal>ysat for one of the church's classes while 
they had their Halloween party. 

On Noi\'ember 16 we toiok a college toiu' of Erlham, 
and on No\-ember 21 we raked the ohurdi grounds for 
the caretaker. 

December tlie first was our public service which in- 
cluded a choral reading. After this service we sponsored 
a fellowsliip and food shower welcorning our new pastor, 
Rev. Gene Eckerley and his wife and son. December 15 
we gave a Cliristmas program for Virgil Shauer one 
of the church's sliut-ins. December 21 we were invited 
to a Christmas party given for the BYC groups of the 
four churches in town. December 23 was our youth 
group's Christmas party. 

On January 26 the Ashland Alplia Theta Gospel Team 
is coming to our town for an informal singspiration and 
fellowship with other local cliurches. 

Our goal this year for our project is $800. We have 
already reached the halfnway mark of this amount. We 
are having a lot of fun while doing various jobs and 
services between our pizza parties and activities. 
— Elaine Deeter, secretary 


BEFORE our regular meetings started, the Smith\-illc 
Senior youth group had two get-togethers. On 
September 14th, we met at the home of Rev. and Mrs. 
Rinehart. The primary reason for this party was to get 
acquainted with three members from the "Up With 

People" cast. In this case, they were all gii-ls, but their 
enthusiasm and talent were accepted by all of us — 
especially the boys. We played volleyball and ate a pic- 
nic-style supper. We then discussed our youth project, 
a trip to Tucson, and listened to the BUI Cosby record 
of Noah. Favorite songs were sung by all. 

On September 22nd we had a youth retreat at Camp 
Bethany. Thirty-six kids, including adv^isors, attended. 
Recreation continued throughout the day with a wiener 
roast summing up the activities. But the real beginning 
was our election of officers: 

President Doug Druslial 

■Vice President Terry McConahay 

Secretai-y Phyllis Glasgo 

Treasurer Kathy Weber 

We also sponsored a Hobo Supper and Slave Auction 
during the first part of Octoiljer, in which evei^yone came 
dressed as a hobo, ready to participate in the fim. Fol- 
lowing supper, the youth were sold to anyone that wanted 
to buy a slave to work for them. 

A hayi-ide held at the home of Maiia Miller constituted 
our second major party. Friends and dates of the youth 
were invited. 

Probably the neatest tiring we have done to date was 
to serve as host to the Negro choir from the Wooster 
Second Baptist Chiu-ch. The Gospel Chorus presented 
a program of Negro Spirituals at our church on the e\'e- 
ning of November 24th. Following the program, the 
youth served refreslmients. which gave the chorus, church 
members and friends from the community an opportunity 
to get acquainted. 

— Phyllis Glasgo secretar\- 


npHE VINCO BYC has started out with ajiother excit- 
1 ing and thrilling year and hope to continue as such. 

We began the year with election of officers — they are 
as follows : 

President Michele Baker 

Secretary Margaret Gillespie 

Treasurer Jeamrie Bobenage. 

Our advisors, Mrs. Ruby Bates and Mrs. Marge Gilles- 
pie, help to plan different programs each week. This 
year one of the highlights was an exciting hayride which 
both the Jimior and Intermediate BYC'ers enjoyed. 

Our evangelist, Rev. Carl Philips, visited and talked 
with us at one of our meetings. 

In November each member donated two yards of ma- 
terial to send to Miss Lowery's sewing class in Krypton, 

The Birth of Christ was presented by Mrs. Harold 
Parks, Jr. in the form of a "chalk-talk." This illustration 
of the birth of our Lord was well recei\'ed by the three 
BYC groups. 

We have just coimpleted a contest, each member work- 
ing with extra effort as they accumulated points through 
going to church regularly, bringing \-isitors, reading Bi- 
ble verses and many otlier things to try to get the most 
points for their teams, but most of all to make each one 
a stronger witness. 

— Michele Baker, president 

Page Thirty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 

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Order from 





524 College Ave. 

Ashland. Ohio 






Vol. XCI 

February 1, 1969 

No. 3 


icir^at =Hip I 



Editor of Publications Rev. Sp&ncer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society 

Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization 

Mr. Floyd Benshoff 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Miss Kathy Miller 

Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Miss Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Published biweekly {twenty-six issues per year) 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

TeiTns of Subscription: 
$4.00 per yeair sing'le subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accejjted for maUing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In orderinig change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Coniiiiitt^e : 

Elton Whiitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "The Brethi-en's Home" 3 

Tlie Benevolent Board Promotional Material .... 4 

"Movement of the Spirit in Brethren Missions" 
by Prasantha Kumar Kadmiel 14 

Leap from frog to man 

Genetics Bid for "Immortality" 16 

The Missionary Board 17 

News from the Brethren 20 

Keystone Konier 21 

Lathrop, California, Report 22 

The View from the Pew 22 

World Religious News in Review 23 

The Brethren Layman 25 

I Was Thinking — 
by Mrs. Howard Winfield 26 

The Board of Christian Education 27 

Sisterhood 31 



2nd Quarter 

TT IS MY PRIVILEGE to again report the aotivi 
ties of the Brethren Publishing Company to it;; 
preferred shareholders. 

The past quarter, which ended December 31, hasi 
been a busy one. The much-needed and long-overdut. 
transition to offset printing was started with thd 
ordering of a Davidson 600 offset press and thd 
necessary photographic and plate-making equipi 
ment. This press will not print The Brethren Evan-) 
gelist, except for possibly some center spread in 
serfs and perhaps some covers, but it is a very vita; 
adjunct to our job-printing department. It is also £ 
start in offset which, when the techniques arc 
learned, may lead to offset for The Brethren Evan, 
gelist. In the meantime, v^ith one rather substantia; 
investment in the two-color Miehle antl the type 
setting machines, it is felt advisable to continue t( 
produce the magazine on letterpress. I 

We have also added an automatic 10" x 15" Heidi* 
elberg platen press, a press which has the reputa, 
tion of being the best money-maker in the jo)> 
printing business. The modernization of the jol 
plant was a necessity if we were able to continud 
to print our Brethren literature, for tlie job plani 
and the Brethren Book Store make up The Breth< 
ren Evangelist deficit each year, a deficit whicl: 
usually runs over $10,000. 

We hope to also make this operation, that of pubi 
lishing The Brethren Evangelist, more economical 
by increasing our circulation. Plans for the Sister: 
hood Evangelist Sales were completed and matei 
rials have been sent to the girls over the brother 
hood. We hope and pray that this effort will bi 
successful and nicrease our circulation to over 6,000'J 
This would just about take the magazine to tin 
break-even point. Any support you can give to thi 
girls will be appreciated. I 

The Brethren Publishing Company General Im' 
provement Bond sale is also underway. To date W' 
have in hand $7,500 in sales and promises of $6,00i 
more. We must have $17,000 to buy the new equipi 
ment and we hope to subscribe up to $25,000 in 
order that we can also retire our high interest bond 
loans. You can help here to Invest in a Brethrei 

Personnel continues to be a major problem. Ou« 
second pressman was ill during most of the quarter 
and was eventually called to his Lord. His absence 
put a double burden on the rest of the staff, no 
only resulting in costly overtime but also delayinji 
some of our schedules. We need a replacement here 
preferably a man with offset experience. 

We also lost our linotype operator, except on 
part time basis, but we hope this position will bl 
filled by a former employee just returned from th' 

Mr. Paul Clapper continues to assist us in managi 
ing the print shop, on a one-day-a-week basis, but 

(Continued on next page) 

February 1, 1969 

Page Three 



Tlie TBrethrens Home 

nPHIS PAST YEAR has been a great year for 
■*■ the Brethren's Home! The denomination has 
seen the reahty of a new liome for our elder citi- 
zens. Tiiis liome is modern in every respect and is 
well equipped with the latest in necessary furni- 
ture and equipment. The board has placed the 
home on a sound financial basis and established 
fees that are fair to all residents of the home. At 
the moment the home is filled to capacity and 
there is a waiting list. 

The Boai'd is to be commended upon the fine 
work which they have done in planning and build- 
ing these past few years. 

As you read the promotional materials in this 
issue of The Brethren Evangelist you will note 
that the Board is interested in establishing such 
homes in other districts of our denomination. This 
is a very wise move. There ai'e Brethren who 
would be happy to move into such a home if it 
were not so far from their local circumstance. 
After having lived in a community for many years 
it is difficult for a person to go into another state 
to live in a regulated home. However, if the home 
was located just a few miles from where a person 

has lived most of his life, or even in the same 
state, it is much easier to enter a retirement 
home. We pastors who have had any experience 
in giving assistance to an elderly person who has 
moved a distance from home to Flora, Indiana, 
can appreciate the advisability of organizing re- 
tirement homes in the various districts. 

The Benevolent Board also gives assistance to 
the older ministers in our denomination which 
financial assistance must come from the ofi'erings 
which we send them. These ai'e ministers who 
were too old to enter into the retirement plan 
which was instituted in the denomination several 
years ago. The amount that each recipient re- 
ceives is very small but it helps with the expenses 
of living. These men have served our church well 
in the past and they desen'e this assistance — we 
cannot let them down! 

Every Brethren should support the program of 
the Benevolent Board as they continue to pro- 
mote a forward looking program for the Brethren 

"Happiness is" giving support to this board, 
both prayerfully and financially! 

(Continued from page 2) 
full-time man is needed if we are to move forward. 
We solicit your prayers for these concerns. 

In spite of all difficulties we again ended tlie 
quarter in the black. The Book Store net is down 
some caused by late billing, aud we expect to catch 
this up the third quaiter. Our long-term debt, ex- 
clusive of the Bond Sales, now stands at $17,300. 

The profit and loss statement for the 2nd quarter 
and the first six months is shown below. 

2nd quarter 6 months 
Total Sales $39,800.64 $72,829.68 

Commission Goods 

(Book Store) 



Job Printing 



The Brethren Evangelist 



Rental Pi-operties 



$ 1,945.10 

$ 4,901.70 

General Expenses 



Net Profit — 2nd quarter 

$ 1,137.88 

Net Profit — 6 months 

$ 3,529.19 

Elton Whitted, President 

Page Four 

iTiifi^Unei^ i^ - - 



by Dorman Ronk 

The Brethren Evangelist 

new Home in May, 1968, the 
Brethren's Home Board entered in/to 
a new area of service to our retired 
Brethren. The new Home with its 
beauty and usefulness offems the best 
in oare for retired aod nursing resi- 
dents. As we look baclc oveir tihe 
years of planning this Home, we 
are very thankful for a Heavenly 
Father who continually lead us to be 
His helping hands in this rewarding 

As the Boai'd continues to seek 
ways to e.N:pand our work in the field 
of retirement housing, new doors are 
cpening for us. Brethren from other 
districts are requesting retirement 
hom:es in their areas. This is encour- 
aiging! Because the federal govern- 
ment offers assistance for retirement 
hoiusiing, we may have the oppoirtunity 
to build several retirement hoimes. 

A number of Brethren in the Ash- 
land area are \'erj' anxious for a 
Brethren Retirement Home to be lo- 
cated here. In the past months the 
city of Ashland has been seeikiing 
coimsei from The Brethren Benevo- 
lent Board and olther non-profit 
groups for retirement housing. The 
federcd government will lend money 
at low interest for long tei"ms, and 
will help with rent payments for re- 
tirees with low incomes. With this 
assistance, a Brethi-en Reitirement 
Home is being considered, and per- 
haps some definite plans can be an- 
nounced at General Conference in 

:\Iore urgent than maintaining 
nursing homes is the ne;d for retire- 
ment homes. Couples retiring at a 
young middle^age, widows and widow- 
ers desire the freedom from some 
choices w'hiCh belong to houses: 
lea\'es, snow, taxes, upkeep, etc. A 
retirement home where this is furn- 
ished can leave them free for pursu- 
ing other interests and desires. As 
Christians it is our responsibtUtiy to 
extend Christ's love and care in this 
area of concern. Surely a non-profit 
Christian home can be more alttrac- 
tive than a profit-making home, be- 
cause of the peace and love Which 
radiate from within. 

It is passible to have Brethren Re- 
tirement Hornes in many ai"^eas of our 
country in just a few years. If your 
community has beco'me conceaTied 
about the need for retii'^menit hous- 
ing, please contact us. This may be 
another open door for happiness. 

February 1, 1969 

iTd^i^neA^ i4. - - 


Page Five 

appreciative of tlie unselfish worl^ of 
Rev. and IMrs. Livingston as Admin- 
istrator and Matron of Tlie Home. 

Tlie building- jn-ogram was spurred 
ahead because of their diligent and 
strenuous work. The long hours and 
crowded schedules were over-balanced 
with their Christ-like love and devo- 
tion. Their God-given talents are cer- 
tainly used in service to those in need. 

May God continue to bless their la- 
bors as they continue to serve Him 

Dornian L. Ronk, President 

iTO^^i^Une^A 64 - - 


THE BEAUTY of the spring day — 
May 5, 1968 — was ajiother evidence 
that God was smiling on the Bretha'en who 
had planned and laboured so strenuouslj- 
for the new Brethren's Heme. People from 
tlie immediate \-icinity of Flora, throughout 
the state of Indiana, and many fn:m Ohio 
gathered on the front lawn of the former 
Home fO'r the dedicating ajid setting aside 
the new Home for the retirement years of 
its residents. 

Special guests who gave greetings and 
cungraiculatio'iis to the deno^munation for 
tills special imder taking were: Mr. G. H. 
Haines, representing the city of Flora ; Rev. 
Woodrow Immel, the Moderator of the 
Indiana District of The Brethren Churches; 
Mrs. Howard Winfield, the President of 
the National Wcman's Missioinary Society: 
Mr. Orus Essli. tlie architect fixwn Fort 
Wayne, Intiiana: and Mr. Albert Schrock, 
the general c .instruction superintendent 
of The Home. 

Former and present members of The 
Benevolent Boai-d who have coopei-atively 
worked on this pi-oject were introduced 
Ijy DoiTuan Ronk. The Litany of 
Dedication was led by Rew Jo'hn Byler, 
the Moderator of the General Conference 
of The Brediren Church. The In\-ocation 
and the Prayer of Dedication were given by 
Re\'. W. E. Thomas and Rev. Herbert 
GUmer, respectively. Following the 
presentation of keys, and the Benediction 
by Rev. Clarence Kindley, the new Home 
was open for eveiyone to see. 

Although some of the furnisliings had not 
arrived — which delayed mo^x-ing into the 
Home — it was easy for visitors to 
\'isualize the beds (some electrically 
operated), the comfortable chairs and other 
furnishings. Beneath each huge window 
is a built^n chest of drawers. The \-iew 
is of God's acres and man's liighway in 
the distance. Each rocm is equipped witli 
a lavatory, air-conditioniing, inter-com 
system to the nurse's desk, plus carpeting, 
draperies, and fui"nishings. 

A special room is designed for bathing 
bedfast patients. Equipment is installed 
for lowering and raising a person into the 
tub. Ano'ther room is the beailty parlor 
for the ladies, complete with shampoo 
sinks and a drj'er. The kitchen is modern 
in eveiy detail — steam tables, electric 
rajiges, cafeteria serving lines — all 
adjacent to the dining room for those who 
do not need to be ser\-ed in their rooms. 
It would be a joy to eat there! 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

The ladies from the Brethren Churoh in 
New Lebanon. Ohio, brought refreshments 
of cookies and punch to ser\'e those who 
attended the open house. Certainly this 
was a kind gesture wtiich everyone 

Words of praise and commendation 

were generously given to The Brethren's 
Home Board, to the Architect and the 
Supei^intendent, and especially to Rev. and 
Mrs. Livingston, the Administrators of 
The Home. Their patience and strength, 
their love and conceiTi certainly show in 
their care for others. 

"Giving of Keys" picture: 

Foreground: Domian Roiik, Rev. William Livingston, Mrs.i 


Background: Albert Schrock, Orus Eash, Rev. John Byler, 
G. H. Haines, Rev. W. E. Thomas, Rev. Woodrow Immel 
and Carl Denlinger 


c^ — 


by William Livingston 

'"T'HE PAST YEAR has been one 

1 that wUl go down in Brethren 
History as a yeai- of progress. No 
one knows real joy untU they become 
a part of something that is moving. 
I feel real soi-row for pereons who 
sit and watch the world go by and 
never know the joy of real service. 
The sad part is that there is a place 
for everyone in the work for oair 
Lord, but so many just sit and let the 
other fellow do things and thereby 
miss the rewards of accamplishment. 
On the other hand, there are a great 
many who became a part of God's 
work and have the saitisfaotion of 
l^nowing that they are a part of 
"What is happening." As I see the 
things that are taMng place within 

the denomination I cannot help but 
feel pride and a wai-m friends'hip in 
our Christian endeavors. It seems 
there is building and growing in 
almost every church congregation. 
The wonderful growth of our 
Seminary and the e.xplosion at 
Ashlaiid CoUege. We at the Hoime 
are certainly happy tha;t we are 
keeping pace. We are especially 
pleased that in all the e.\pansio>n, the 
Brethren people have held the HO'me 
high on the list of endeavors. It has 
not been overshadowed by the giT>wth 
in the home church, or neglected in 
your prayei-s and financial sup'port. 

Tliis last year has seen the sale 
of the old furnishings ft-om the old 
building and the opening of the new 

February 1, 1969 

Page Seven 

faoiliities. We are in the p'rocess of 
taking pictui-es to tell the story of 
the new Home, more on this later. 

The new Home has been filled all 
but a few days now and then, since 
its opening in June 1968. We are 
licensed for 37 pereons and have that 
many now with severed on the 
waiting list. Many persons have 
asked about the requii-ements for 
getting into the Home. As times and 
governmental influence have dictated, 
the requirements for entering have 
changed. The old "contract" is no 
longer expedient, and it has boiled 
down to a very simple charge, by the 
day or month. If a person does not 
have the means to meet the current 
rates, he is e.vpected to apply for 
state aid in the form of old age 
benefits or welfare. The rates are set 
and approved on a year-to^ear basis 
by the Indiana State Welfare Board. 
The ciuTent rates are, $6.70 per day 
for residential and $9.20 per day for 
comiM-ehensive care. By the month 
this amoimts to $200 and $275. We 
are open to persons other than 
Brethi'en; however, Bretliren are 
given preference in ail cases. 

I know that each person here at 
the Home would Uke to thank each 
person individually who has had any 
part in the bountiful Christmas we 
enjoyed. Both the members and 
enaployees appreciate the many 
remembrances received from so 
many wonderful people. Cards, 
letters, and gifts all go to make life 

so much more enjoyable. Many of 
the chui'ches near by have been here 
with programs of song and cheer. 
How about your ohuroh? Could you 
make it? 

We all want to e.Kpress a special 
aijpreciation to all those who have a 
pari in the radio program 
"Foimdation for Faith." We have 
the privilege of being on the mailing 
list and have the program each week 
over oui- "closed circuit system." 
Mrs. Oi-pha Beekley, who wiU be 94 
this April, is quite impressed when 
she heai-s her grandson making 
announcements over our P.A. System. 
Both the members of our Home and 
the employees ai-e Ufted l>y the 
wonderful messages in song, poem, 
and sermon. 

We now have 20 regular employees 
on tlie payroll. Most of them have 
been with us for some time. Nine 
have been here more than a year 
witli four having worked here since 
1965. The rest ha\'e been added since 
moving into the new buUdmg. I have 
visited many nui-sing and retLrement 
homes and find om- employees stand 
as high as any, and higher than most. 
We are grateful for good dependable 

We ti"y to keep the churches posted 
with an up-to-date list of the persons 
Ii\ang here along with their birthdays. 
This seems to be the best way to 
reach everyone, so bring your lists 
up to date. 

Fanuary 24 Mrs. Robert Porte (Grace) 

lanuary 30 Mr. Charles Wliarton 

^'ebruary 29 Miss Edna Allbaug'h 

Warch 3 Mr. Roy Stonebraker 

Vlarch 4 Mrs. Mai-y Maus 

March 10 iVIrs. Pearl Finch 

Vlarch 16 Mrs. Lula SneUenberger 

Vlarch 24 Mrs. Hattie Miller 

Vlarch 29 Mrs. lona Dobbins 

Vlarch 31 Mrs. Pearl Conrad 

4.pril 6 Mrs. Orplia Beekley 

^pril 6 Mrs. Flossie Clawson 

May 5 Mrs. Bertha Aiken 

Vlay 5 Mrs. Hazel Endler 

Vlay 23 Mrs. Myrtle Ralney 

Way 31 Miss Dora Wiseheart 

lime 16 Rev. Robert Porte 

luly 4 Mrs. NeUie Kurtz 

luly 11 Mrs. Charles Wharton (Selesta) 

July 17 Aliss Pearl Rummel 

July 22 Mrs. Ada Schriml 

August 5 Mrs. Lucy Beck 

August 10 Mr. Oscar Scott 

August 22 Mrs. Roy Stonebraker (Goldie) 

August 23 Mrs. Oscar Scott (Saline) 

September 7 Mrs. Florence Gable 

September 18 Mrs. Grace Baxson 

September 19 Mrs. Hatltie Mann 

Ooto^ber 4 Mrs. Jessie Maus 

OotO'ber 15 Mrs. May Kreitzer 

October 23 Mre. Nora IMjUs 

November 5 Mrs. Clai-a Stouse 

November 18 Mrs. Edith Kroft 

No\ember 19 Mrs. Ida Rummel 

November 25 Mrs. Maud Clingenpeel 

December 25 Mrs. Eva Rummel 

December 27 Mrs. Ona Humbarger 

Thanks again to all who have made 
this Home a reality, and liiey are so 
very many, God bless one and all. 

Page Eight 

*i*^afi^ne4-^ c4 - - 




by Mrs. Charles R. Munson 

The Brethren Evangelist! 

DURING the time The Brethren's Home 
Board was planning to build the 
new residence, it was a deep concern as to 
how it could be built and also be provided I 
with new furnishings. Many individuals 
had loaned money for the building 
program, but the Board did not want to 
borrow money for the furnishings. 

A request for a financial gift for a 
specific item was sent to each congregation,) 
based upon its membership. The cost of 
beds, tables, lamps, chairs, draperies, 
cabinets, in addition to kitchen, dining 
room, lounge, and office equipment was 
estimated and requested from 

The response was overwlielming and 
very gratifying. Some congregations gave 
their gifts in memory or in honor of their 
members who lived at Tlie Home, or who i 
served on the Board. 

The Committee selected the style of the 
furnishings, and as the financial gifts 
were received the items were ordered. 
This was additional work for Rev. 
Livingston, but a beautiful home is the 
result with furnishings that are needed 
and harmonize. 

The Lo-Bre-Lea Sunday School Class ofi 
the Hillcrest Brethren Church in Dayton, , 
Ohio, gave a special gift — a new piano. 
The accompanying picture was taken 
recently when the piano was delivered. 
Think of the constant joy that this gift 
will bring to the residents! 

The Board sincerely thanks each personi 
auxiliary, and congregation for the fine 
support you have given. There have beer 
so many ways in which you helped to 
make this home a reality. Do stop by to i 
\'isit the residents at The Home. Chat 
with those who are happy because you 

February 1, 19G9 

Page Nine 

Happiness is ■ - 


by Rev. Marlin McCann 


meohaiiizatloin and depersonalization the 
Brethren Church has an ever-preseiut 
privilege to becc^me involved in the mission 
of service. The man says, "Someone help 
me!" The average Christian says, "bet 
them!" Our aninvolvemenit in society today 
far outweighs our in\-olvemenit when it 
comes to dedicated sei-vice to Christ. We 

say we have great faith and thinly great 
spiritual thoughts, but when a challenge 
is put before us, oiur faith crumbles and 
we cannot do much because, after all, we 
are Brethren. 

We become involved in the missiom of 
service because we love Christ. We 
recognize Christ to be the greatest of all 
servants, and so we try to corrmiit 
ourselves to His service. This meajis the 
mission of serving people. We know one 
of tlio greatest responsibilities is giving 
for missions. Having sent people, money 
and prayei's across tllie oceajis and 
established Jiew churches here, we come 
to believe oui- respcaisibility is over and 
notliing else is needed. 

Fortunately, there ai-e many Bretiiren 
who do noit think and act this way. For 
these the mission of serving is Nigeria, 
ArgeJitina, Kentucky, building new 
churches . . . and parents, grandpai'enfcs, 
friends are too precious not to be cai-ed 
about. How do we shew our care? How 
do we become personally involved in tlieir 
well-being? We liave made an initial step. 
The response to the new Flora Home has 
been most heartwarming. Olu' loftiest 
thouglits were iturned into action and 
reality. For this we are nidst thankful. 
The residents are receiiving the personalized 
care needed. Not only does the A & P 
caa"e — we oai'e. 

But do we care enough — enough to go 
aliead and reach farther — enough to 
involve our resources and ourselves in 
this mission of serving? I wish I could 
report tiie work of the Benevolent Board 
finished, but I can't, for it has just begun. 
We iiave caug'ht sig'ht of tlie mission of 
ser\'ice. We are coming to realize the vast 
poitcntials and the tremendous needs of 
the areias in which we live. 

But it costs so much ! The converted 
house is about as adequate a facility to 
run a nursing liome in today as a oiie-rooim 
Church is to develop a program of Total 
Christian Education. The concept of 
Nursing Homes lias vastly changed. I 
would liave you read an article in the 
July, 1968 "Reader's Digest" entitled, 
"What You Should Know About Nursing 
Homes" (pp. 152-156) for an eye opener. 

The respotnsibLLity is still ours. We can 
borrow government moaiey and have 
citizens of local areas support firaanoialiy, 
but the Christian love and concern — the 
care — the mission of service — still 
belongs to us. It is the part we can play. 
It can be part of our involvement. It can, 
and must, and will involve our resources 
and our lives. Let it no longer l:e said 
that the BreWiren can do noithing — we 
can. But is it enough? Not if we love 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Happiness is - - 




by Rev. Fred C. Vanator 

my privilege to serve as the president 
of tlie Brethren's Home ajid Benevolent 
Boiard. Wlien I decided tliat it was time 
to retire, the Board was l<:ind enough to 
make me a Life Member of the Board, 
which I vea-y mucli appreciated. At that 
time we had decided to mal<e our home in 
Saraso'ta, Florida, and distance now put 
me out of touch with the activities of 
the Board. But this did not divoi-ce me 
from a vital interesit In the program being 

As time went on duties here in Sarasota, 
in the matter of establishing the Brethren 
Church here and the many duties to 
perform ui coinneotioji with this, still 
further separated me from active 

participation in the activities of the 
"Hoime Board," but my interest still 

At last, a couple of years ago, I had the 
privilege of being in Flora as tlie new 
Brethren's Home was being consti-ucted. 
I was amazed at its completeness and 
capability, as well as in its fine planning. 
Now that it is in operation it is working 
even better than I had anticipated. 

Now I have been asked to write a short 
plea foir continued support of this, our own 
imstitu'fiion of love and care for our Senior 
Citizens who are there now and those who 
will come in the future. 

I can think of no better way to do this 
than to refer to a little plaque that sat on 
my desk in the Editoirial Office of the 
Brethren Publishing Company in Ashland. 
This was what it said, "To see a need, and 
recognize it as a need, is a call to service.' 

The need for care has always been 
evident. The Board has seen this need for 
years and has recognized this need in all 
of its activities. Best of all it has 
responded to that call to serve. This call 
was meit, and the service rendered has 
brought additional responsibility upon the 
Board both morally and financially. While 
this Board is a Corporation, it is also a 
creation of Genei'aJ Coriference, and the 
Brethren Churdhes being identified 
therewith are likewise identified with its 
activities. We, as individuals, being a 
part of the local church, ai-e accordingly 
made a part of this responsibUity. How 
far have we all gone in meeting that 
responsibility? Have we as indi\'iduals 
seen the need? Have we recognized it as 
a need? If so, it must certainly become 
a "call to service." 

The Sarasota Church has two fuie 
friends as residents of tlie new Hoime in 
the person of Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Scott. 
These two people had a very definite 
place in the organization of the First 
Brethren Church of Sarasota. Oscar was 
our first Sunday school superintendent. 
The Scotts were long-time winter residents 
here. In a recent letter at Christmas time 
we found these words, and I am sure the 
Scotts will not resent my quoting them. 
"Now about our home here. We are very 
proud to be here and grateful to the 
Brethren for such a home. Since we 
were no longer able to take care of 
ourselves, we could not have found a better 
place. They are all so good to us and any 
time we need help they are here to help. 
We like Rev. and Mrs. Livingston very 
much." This is one living testimony to the 
results of sei-vice rendered. 

This good work must go on. It can only 
do so if the church as a whole gets 
behind it and remains behind it. 

What have yoai done? Wha)t wfll you do 


February 1, 1969 

Happiness is 




by Mrs. Leonard Mauzy 

an active board ui the Brethren 
Church for a number of years. They have 
mamtained o<ur Home at Flora, Indiana, 
for the benefit of aged Bre'Uireji lay- 
membei'S, and ministers and tlieir wives. 
They have given monetary help to our 
retired ministers, missionaries and their 
wives. As the laws of the sitate of 
Indiana liave changed, concerning Homes 

Page Eleven 

for the aged, so the Brethren Church had 
to make a change, or close up the Home. 
The only solution was the buUding of a 
new Home at Flora. Tliis building is 
completed and is a credit to the Breltliren 
Churcli. As a member of tliis Board, I 
feel it is a privilege to serve the I^ord in 
this way. If I liave been of any help in a 
small way, in attauiing this goial of a 
new Home, I tlianl^ God for the 
opportunity for service. 

Our buUding is not fi-ee of debt, and you, 
as Bretliri;n, can make this a reality 
sooner with your gifts and pledges to the 
Home. If you are in the vicinity of Flora, 
by all means stop and go through the 
building. I'm sure you will say as I did, 
after seeing the plans completed, "It is so 
wonderful I could move right in." Each 
rooim has an outside wall that is nearly 
ail one large window. It is not elaboirate 
buit very comfortable. We have had 
representatives from other denominations 
wlio have complimented us on our building. 
We can only give God the credit for 
leading us, as a boai-d, to do His will. We 
hcpe, hi tlie near future, to be able to 
provide another Home in another state, 
such as the Flora Home. 

Once agam I say "Come and visit the 
home" then go back to your congregatiom, 
tell tliem aljout it, pray about it, and give 
as the Lord leads. 

Happiness is - - 





by D. D. Hossler 

"Honour- tliy fatlier and mother, as the 
LiOrd thy God liath commanded thee; tlrat 
thy days may be prolonged, and that it 
may go well with thee, in the land wiiich 
the Lord thy God givebh thee" (Deut. 

Some primitive tribes in Africa, we 
are told, dispose of their old people by 
desertuig them to the elements. When a 
person is no longer able to take care of 
tliemselves, they ai-e taken to a lonely 
spot in the jungle and left there to die: 
sometimes by star\-a,tion but moi-e often 
destroyed by the wild animals. 

In American Indian lore, we learn that 
when tribes were on the move and an old 
brave, or squaw, could not go on, they 
left them on the trail with a couple of 
corn cakes and a little water. There they 
waited foi- death. 

Our Scripture doesn't say that we should 
honor our parents only when we are 
cliildren and they are a.ble to pix>Vide foa- 
us. We are obUgated to honor and care 
fm- tlicm as long as they live. 

Page Twelve 

The Brethren Evangelist 

It is a cuistoim amoinig our Araisih 
bretihren in Indiana, to care for their aged 
in tlie foUowing manner : When pairanits 
get too Olid to farm, tlie eldest son and 
his family move into tlie f?miUy home'. A 
smaller house is built, eiith:ir oo'nnec-ted to 
the big house, or dose by. This is called 
tile "Doddy house." Here the old people 
live out their lives in com.fort and security. 

Can wo do any less for our agiing 

In this busy, bustling space age in which 
we live, we Ivnow we cannot adequately 
provide for their comfoT't in our own 
homes. Our Brethren Church is pro^ud, 
and justly so, of om- new Brethren's 
Hoime ait Flora, Indiana, where everytliing 
is beiaig dome for the coimfoirt and welfare 
of its guesits. 

Evei-y Brethren should consider it a 
privilege to support this wordhw'hile 
project, and pray that more "Brethren's 

Homes" might be buUt m the future. 

FoUoiwing is a testimonial from one 
wiho cares: 

"From one who is enjoying the blessing 
and comfort of knowing that a loved one 
is being cared for at our Home for the 
aged at Flora, Indiana. 

"I wish to commend the Bom-d for the 
vision and foresight they had, and the 
initiative to go ahead and construct this 
new facility. Their decision has proven to 
be one of wisdom. It is of e.\!treme 
importance that e\'ery chiu-ch in the 
denomination back and support this 
venture. I trust it will always be available 
to ^those m need. 

"Also I wish to commend Rei\'. and Mrs. 
Livingston, the superintendent and majbrcn 
for their many hours of unselfish labor 
and devotion to the management of the 
Home. Also to the nurses, cooks and 
laborers of a fine and competenlt Staff." 

Happiness is - - 





Romans 15:1 from the Good News 
for Modern Man: "We who are 
strong in the faith ought to help the 
weak to carry their burdens. We 
should not please ourselves." 

As we demonstrate God's love, we 
leceive more of God's love. The more 
we give, the more we receive. We 
show God's love when we are con- 
cerned for the needs of others, for 
their feelings, and for their human- 
ness. Givhig kindness and compas- 
sion in words isn't too difficult, but 
real concern needs to get beyond 
words into action — doing something 
about the problem. Actually helping 
to relie\'e the problem. 

The program of The Benevolent 
Board is divided into two areas: 
maintaining The Brethren's Home in 
Flora, Indiana, and dispensing the 
funds for the Superannuated Minis- 
ters. The annual denoaninational of- 
fering received in February is desig- 
nated for these two areas. The Home 
is filled to capacity, but some of these 
residents are not able to pay for 
their care. At present there are nine 
Brethren residents who cannot meet 
this expense. The cost which must be 

February 1, 1969 

made up this year is approximately 
$20,000. Usually the annual denom- 
inational offering amounts to $12,000. 
The Superannuated Ministers Fund 
needs about $5,000 annually. This 
leaves an amount of $7,000 to meet 
the deficit of resident in The Home. 

The other facet of this Board — 
the fund for the Superannuated Min- 
isters — isn't publicized enoug-h. 

Several years ago some of our min- 
isters did not qualify for the new re- 

Page Thirteen 

tirement plan adopted by Geiieral 
Conference. These retired ministers 
receive a small monthly check from 
the denomination, channeled through 
The Benevolent Board. In the event 
of the minister's death, his widow re- 
ceives a smaller amount. 

This check isn't sufficient for many 
necessities, but it reminds the recip- 
ient that the denomination gratefully 
appreciates their years of service in 
the ministrv. 

Pictures of the 
antique sale at the 
Brethren's Home in October - 


Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 


THERE IS a pusltive aiid inseparable re- 
lation between the Holy Spirit and 
Christian Missions. Apart from tlie com- 
ing of the Holy Spirit, there would have 
been no Christian MissixDns. In the early 
Churcih the coming of the Holy Sp'irit and 
the experience thi-ough His movememts 
were of such impo^rtance that, without 
Him, there would never have been any wit- 
ness resiUting in the missions. He is the 
minister of affairs of missions, and, as such, 
asserts Himself. He does not merely send 
to the ends of the earth, He also aecom- 

It is necessary for us to fall back upon 
the simple statement as we find it on the 
very first page of the Apostolic Chui-ch. 
"They were all filled with the Holy Ghost": 
a divine enthusiasm, which had for it's 
source the \'eo' gift of the Holy Spirit of 
Christ Himself. This is as near as we can 
come to describe the secret of the early 
Chui-ch. The one indispensable possession 
of a Christian in those days was noit his 
wisdom oa- his abUity or his strengtli, but 
his unquestionable dependence on the Holy 

Apostle Paul before setting liis First 
Missionai-y Journey was led by the Holy 
Spirit. In Acts 13:2 it is said, "The Holy 
Ghost said, separate me Barnabas and Saul 
for the woi'k whereiuito I have called 
them." It is perfectly clear that in the Sec- 
ond Journey he was directed by the Holy 
Spirit. He tried to preach in Asia and was 
forbidden by the Holy Ghost, and he then 
attempted to go into Bithynia and was 
again forbidden by the Spirit. In the Third 
Journey he was permitted by the Holy Spir- 
it to travel extensively throughout the 
Mediterranean world. In all his journies 
he was led by the Holy Spirit as God op- 
ene:l the door. 

Jesus gave a commission to His disciples, 
". . . ye shall be my witnesses . . . unto 
the uttei-most part of the earth" (Acts 
1:8). In another context in Luke 24:47, Ho 
gave the substance of the witness, ". . . 
that repentance and remission of sins 

should be preached in his name among all 
nations. . . ." Peter carried the message 
further in revealing the pro^mise that they 
should receive the Holy Spirit. The com- 
mission of Matthew 28:19 makes the 
Church an ambassador for Jesus Christ. 
Alexander Mack expressed his concern to 
teach all naitions as obedience of the com- 
mand of Jesus. This is the mission of the 
highest order and is the aim of the Breth- 
ren Chiu-ch. 

The CQinsoiousness of mission with the 
animation of the Holy Spirit occupied the 
minds of the founding fathers of the 
Brethren Church. In the year 1708, the 
Brethren group foa-med a corporate mind 
and aixived at its settled doctrine. They 
were inspired by the Spirit, filled with vi- 
tality and overflowing with zeal to share 
the good news. Dr. Ronk in the "History 
of the Brethren Church" says, "The ser- 
iousness of these first Bretliren rested not 
only on the greait commission's ti-iune im- 
mersion command, but on the go, and dis- 
ciple, and teach. They went, they con- 
vinced, they taught the things Christ had 
commanded. Their zeal bore such fruit 
there were soon Brethren in other towns." 

While proclaiming the Gospel the Breth- 
ren were arrested, jailed, fined and subject- 
ed to restrictions and were scattered, but 
the working of the Holy Spirit was not 
silenced. Their souls were troubled when 
they remembered the Church's founding ; 
day in Germany. As Simon was imposed j 
by the Spirit in Luke 2:27 to go into the ' 
temple to fulfill the burden that was laid I 
upon him, so were the Brethren of Genn- 
antown. They organized the fh-st congre- 
gation of the Brethren Church in America ( 
on the Christmas day of 1723 to fulfUl the ( 
greatest coimmission of Jesus Chr'ist. 

In the year 1724 the Germantown Breth- 
ren were inSitigated to action for carrying 
out the commission. Some went on foot 
and some on horseback. They intended to 
be back soon, but as the Spirit persuaded 
them with great zeal they were gone over ' 
a month. This was a hisitoric evangelistic! 
tour that set a pattern for future expan- 
sion of the Brethren fellowship. 

When the Apostolic Church seemed tO! 
be circumscribed by Palestine boundaries, s 
the Holy Spirit used the persecution that I 
followed the stoning of Stephen and scat-; 
tering of believers bore a poiwerful witness i 
abroad. God always has His own method 
of revival. The scattering of the Brethren 
fanxilies from eastern Pennsylvania by the 
Revolutionary War and the oath of alleg- 
iance were likewise used of God to stir up 
a witness on the part of Bre'thren Where 
they settied. Between 1775 and 1850, a 
period of seventy-five years, the member- 
ship of the Brethren grew from approxi- 

February 1, 1969 

Page Fifteen 

mately eight hundred to fifty-eight thous- 

In the year 1876 Elder Christian Hope 
was led by the Spirit to be a missionary 
in Denmark. In a years' time he was able 
to establish a Danish congregation in Den- 
mark with the help of two other mission- 
aries. The year 1877 has been cited as "A 
joyful and histoauc year," in Brethren mis- 

The cause of mission was woii-king in the 
minds of the Brethren in the late half of 
the 19th Century. Their burden of heart 
for a fulanned program of missions was re- 
lieved by the establishment of the General 
Missionary Board, neai- Dayton, Ohio ui 
1884. This was primarily operated on the 
heme mission basis. In 1888 Edward Ma- 
son prompted by the Spirit wrote aji ar- 
ticle with a plea for world-wide missions. 
In 1897 George Copp in his writing in the 
Evangelist made this statement, "A ohui-oh 
that is not a missionai-y church is not a 
Christ's Church." In the same year J. C. 
Cassel in his ai-ticle "The Evtuigelization 
of the World" e.xpressed the power and the 
workmg of the Holy Spirit. He referred to 
Titus Groan who baptized 1,700 people on 
one day in the Hawaiian Islands. Cassel 
continued to hammer away at the subject 
as the Holy Spirit was moving in and 
through his life and through the lives of 
many, to feed the need to establish foreign 
mission concept in the Brethren Church. 
The long hoped for foreign missionai-y so- 
ciety after wrestling through the problems 
came into e.xistence on Tuesday, Septem- 
ber 4, 1900 at Winona Lake, Indiana. This 
was a milestone in the histoiy of the 
Brethren Chui-ch. 

Several years of prayer for direction in 
choice of place and pei-soxmel for a foreign 
mission was seemed to be answered. In 
the year 1903, Auraham felt the call to 
Persia and he went there, but because of 
the bad conditions that prevailed and the 
fight that was started in Tifflis the work 
had to be closed in 1906. 

The Brethren Church came to the knowl- 
edge that the schools in Argentina had 
no Bible or chapel services and the pulpits 
had no gospel sermons. C. F. Yoder, 
prompted by Che Holy Spirit who slied the 
love of God in his heart for the Gospel 
abroad, accepted the call in 1909. He 
evangelized Rio Cuarto through personal, 
private testimony, by distributing tracts 
and by coiportage work. 

In Argentina the Yoder family had to 
strain to understand the language, customs, 
and practices. They also had difficulty in 
adjusting their feelings with the prevalent 
class differences and the racial character- 
istics of the people. Whatever may be the 
difficulty, they depended upon the Lord 

who used the missionaries in a mighty way 
to proclaim His goodness through tent 
meetings, preaching services, Sunday school 
and prayer meetings. 

No greater challenge can be offered to- 
day to any committed Christian then the 
undaunted hope of James Gribble. The 
Holy Spirit was at work in the heart of an 
unknown young man not yet a believer. 
In the midst of the noise of his streetcai- 
gong, and the death of a woman struck 
by his car, a prayer was wrung from his 
lie art, "Oh Loi-d, delliver me, and I will 
henceforth serve thee." With greatest ded- 
ication of life and unc mpromising passion 
for souls, he marched to evangelize French 
Equatorial Africa. In the year 1908, he 
started his journey l>y keeping unquestion- 
able faith on the Lord and became the pi- 
oneer to e\'angelize the Oubangui Cliari dis- 

During his sttiy on the mission fieid, 
Gribble had experienced trials nearly un- 
bearable. He was absolutely without funds 
and had no human resources whatsoever. 
He aJmost lived exclusively on native foods. 
For a time his correspondence ceased for 
laclv of postage money. Illness too, became 
Ills possession. In the midst of it all he pre- 
sented a calm and serene demeanor, and 
kept on praying. 

When I read the life of James Gribble, 
I felt ashamed of myself for the fi^usitra- 
tion I had, to wait for five months to see 
my wife after I was married. James Grib- 
Ijle waited for four yeai-s with the hope 
that Dr. Florence, the girl whom he loved 
would marry him. She eventually did. His 
whole life was breathed by the Holy Spirit 
and he surrendered to Him in aU his ac- 
tions. In the book written by his wife, "The 
Undaunted Hope," he says, "Ours is not the 
work, but ours is to obey the one Who does 
that work. The Holy Spirit is the one 
whcse work is to convict the world in re- 
spect of sin, and of righteousjiess, and 
of judigment. And who are we? Simply 
witnesses obeying the dictates of the Holy 

The movement of the Holy Spirit is not 
only fonmd in the foreign missions but also 
is very vivid in the home missions. Rev. 
G. E. DrushaU in the year 1905 instigated 
l>y the Spirit to bring salvation to the peo- 
ple of eastern Kentucky, established a 
mission station at Lost Creek. James S. 
Cook had the same type inspiration and es- 
tablished another center at Krypton in 

The Holy Spirit was operating even after 
the split of 1939. He was effectively mov- 
ing the hearts of vai-ious individuals and 
resulted in establishing \-arious home mis- 
sion centers. Today they are sixlteen in 
number. The spirit works in mysterious 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

ways. He ha.s His own admiiiistraitio'n and 
method of approach. Last year He stimu- 
lated the heart of a young preaoher, Phil 
Lersch, who was pastomng in Ashland, 
Ohio, and toicjk him away to the needy 
land of St. Petersburg, Florida, wliere he 
is now working with joy to estabUsh a 
church. When the Holy Spirit fUis the 
human lieart, the individual receives the 
God-given powers — the wiH and deter- 
mination with which he proceeds immedi- 
ately and aggressi\-ely. 

Today we ai-e living in an age in which 
the Christian Church is facing the chal- 
lenge to carry on the great commission, 
and tliis is the time foir the Brethren 
Church to accept this challenge. It is true, 
the Brethren Church does not hav^e hun- 
dreds of missionaries like many other de- 
ncniinations. What the church has today 
is only twelve on the foireign field. It is 
very true the divisiom of 1939 is too pain- 
ful to think of. It is also a historic fact 
that the early Brellircn were not foreign- 
mission minded, but it is ea-roneous to think 
that the Brethren Church cannot be effect- 
ive any more. The c:;nfid'ence and tlie de- 

termmation of 1940 "to go foi-ward" made 
the Bretliren Church today a true Evangel- 
ical Church, for which every Brethren 
should feel proud. What the Brethren 
Church needs today is not to weep over the 
past or to feel inferior, but to recapture 
the secret of the Apostolic Church, to re- 
vive within it the Spirit which has always 
been the source of inspiration and power. 

In the histoi-y of Brethren mission the 
Holy Spirit moved in mysterious ways in 
calling fortli labc; ers and building for Him- 
self a Chiurch of redeemed soiuls in Africa 
and in Argentina. We do not know what 
tire future could be, but the signs are fav- 
orable. The Spirit knows w'here to go and 
wiiom to send, but the men must be ready 
to obey His call. 

I personally ha\'e seen the moving of the 
Holy Spirit in the Brethi-en Church during 
the past tour years of my knowledge. Now 
I feel, the direction of the Spirit is moving 
towards the mission fields in Asia. New 
doors may be opened for the Brethren 
Church in Asia where the people are hun- 
gry for the Gospel. 

Leap from frog to man 


BIOLOGISTS, successful in their attenipts to remake 
a frog, are now looking with confidence to the day 
when they can overhaul a liuman being and gA'c him a 
more desirable heredity. 

The startling issue was raised in Dallas at the poSit- 
Christmas meeting of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science. Dr. Robert L. Sinsheimer, chair- 
man of the division of biology at the California Institute 
of Technology in Pasadena, said experimente'rs have re- 
made the frog by removing the genetic nucleus from an 
unfertUized egg and replacing it with the nucleaus of a 
skin cell from a male frog. Result: another frog exactly 
like the father. 

This recreation can be accomplished w^ith men, says the 
scientist, producing sons precisely in the image of the 
father with whatever changes the geneticist decides upon. 

The most newsworthy element of Dr. Sinsheimer's 
speech, however, was his recommendation that scientists 
begin with all speed to put the genetics tricks to worlv. 
He argued that the benefits would be enormous. An Ein- 
stein, for example, could be made immortal, reborn .just 
the same over and over again. A defective child, on the 
other hand, could be made over. On a lower scale, the 
best results of animeil breeding could be repeated end- 
lessly withcut any risk of introducing a trace of less de- 
sirable heredity. 

Now that God-like power of remaking life is withiii 
reach of scientists the lure is magnetic. Dr. Sinsheimei 
believes science must over-whelm scruples against tamp 
ering with the way natiu-e has created life since i 
"evoh-ed." Without pausing to consider the phUosOiphioa 
or religious scruples involved, he urged that r-esourcet 
be made availaible for developiirg the needed technique 

Jifst as there was no real debate on whether or not t* 
create the atomic bomb, there seems to be no real de 
bate on deciding the limits of genetical manipulation 
In fact Philosoi)her Sidney Hook argued at a confererua 
of philosophers against a moral test for science and study 
Dr. Hook didn't refer to genetics, but he denounced th 
notion that learning should be guided by someone's ide 
of \drtue instead of by the selfless idea of tr-uth. Trut 
is too important to evei-ybo'dy to permit a handful of ey 
perts to limit the truths which may be sought, he sale 
Tliei-e was no answer to the question of who would b 
arrogant encugh to claim a monopoly on moral judgmen 

We think it would do more for the race of men to ri 
create the fruits of the Spirit than to duplicate br-ain- 
and physical stamina. But man wUl do what man oa; 
do and ignore regeneration of the spirit made possible 
by the Creator. 

And the eteriral struggle goes on. 

February 1, 1969 

Page Seventeen 

WLT sixytf 



each year is an item for tJhe Raddo Ministry in Argen- 
tina kno'ttTi as CAVEA, w'hioh Is an Lniterdenoniinational 
Afork. This past year at General Conference the Sunday 
Offering was designated for thiis Radio Miniisti-y with 
>ur goal set for $5,000. To date we have received $3,917 
n offering and pledges with only two pledges yet unp'aid. 
Phis is bemg applied against the budget item and makes 
possible oiir continued support of this radio ministi-y. 

A listing of proigrams and stations and radio time used 
n these Gospel broadcasts to Spanish^speakLng people 
vill help you understand the extent of this ministry. 

Our layman-missionary, John D. Rowsey, is serving 
is technician with CAVEA. William Ciu'tis, now home 
>n furlough from Argentina, will be locaJted at Buenos 
Mres upon liis return to serve in the i-adio ministry. A 
Kfry ref resiling and infoirmative program of this radio 
ninistry is being presented by Bill Curitis during liis 

deputation. Thi-ough the creativity of the techinioians 
witli CAVEA, we have an exceptionally fine presentation. 
AvaU yoiuifself of furither information of our mission pro- 
gram by seeing this program When BUI Curtis is in 
your area. 

Platicas Christianas 


24 minute program, 6 stations, once a week 

15 minute program, 5 statioins, once a week 

12 minute progiiam, 2 stations, once a week 





SI Salvador: 


tf exico : 





La Paz, Radio CP-27 
City and staition unknown 
City and sitaition unknown 
Quito, Radio HCJB 
San Salvador, Radio YSHQ 
Cap Haitian, Radio 4VEH 
Tamazunobale, SEP 
Bonaire, Trans-World Radio 
Lima, Radio Pacifico OAZ4L 
San Francisco, Califoirnia 
Radio KGEI 

— ^toital of 13 Argentine stations 

29 minute, 30 second progi-am, once a week 
29 minute, 30 second proigram, once a week 
15 minute program, once a week 
29 minute, 30 second program, once a week 
29 minute, 30 second program, once a week 
29 minute, 30 second program, once a week 
29 minute, 30 second program, once a week 
29 minute, 30 second program, twice a week 
29 minute, 30 second program, twice a week 
20 minute, 30 second program, twice a week 

— total of 10 stations outside of Argentina 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelisi 


Argentina: 1 station — 7 times per week; 
2 stations — 3 times per weel<; 
2 statioins — 1 tinae per week; 

Foreign: Paraguay — Asuncion. — 1 staitioai 

1 Station — 5 times per week 

2 stations — 2 times per week 
2 stations — unlcnown 

— ^total oif 10 Argentine stations 
details unltnown 

Starting in 1969 DIA of San Jose, Costa Rica will market and distribute 
Reflexiones to countries outside Argentuia. 


Platioas Cristlanas is broadcast as foUows: 

In Argentina — 13 times a week on 13 stations 
24 minute program — 6 times a week on 6 stations 
15 minute program — 5 times a week on 5 stations 
12 minute program — 2 times a week on 2 statioins 
In Foreign Countries — 

29 minute, 30 second program — at least 12 times a week on 9 stations 
15 minute program — once a week on 1 station 
Reflexiones is broadcast in Argentina at least 26 times a week on 10 sitations and in 

Asuncion, Paraguay — details unknown. 
Mail response -- Of the 53 weekly releases, CAVEA gets the maU from 42. 

Jan. — Sept., 1968, the mail averaged 560 letters per month. 


BILL CURTIS is now setting up liis deputation 
schedule among the Brethren Churches. All 
correspondence received to date requesting his in- 
cluding churches in his deputation program, has 
been turned over to Bill for his scheduling and 
corresponding with the various churches. Be cer- 
tain to write to him now if you care for a mis- 
sion program at your church. 

The Curtises are planning to travel west after 
the Indiana District Conference, June 9 - 12, and 
then return to this area in August and will par- 
ticipate in General Conference. 

Their address is 310 Diamond Street or they 
can be reached through the Missionary Board 

ebruary 1, 1969 

Page Nineteen 


PtLE ten dollar club call for tihe Marion, In- 
diana Ciiurch was sent out in July 1968 and is now 
osed, as of December 31, 1968. In that period of time we 
reived a record-brealdng contribuition for the Ten Dol- 
,r Club in the amounit of $11,500. This is the largest 
nooiit received for one call in the pasit ten years for 
le Ten Dollar Club. 

We thank everyone who responded to this call. You will 
!CaU that we have ended oui- practice of sending receipts 
T Ten Dollar Club contributio'ns, except for those made 
cash. We feel tha!t it was moiSt advantageous to send 
reminder to the membership in December calling at- 

tention to the unpaid memberships to that date. Perhaps 
this is the reason we had so many responses. 

The Indiana District is providing the financial backing 
for the beginning of this mission work at Marion, Indi- 
ajia, with only this assistance, to date, from the Mission- 
ai-y Board through the Ten Dollar Club call. 

The work began in Marion in September of 1967 m 
a dliuroh building purchased froim the Lutherans. 

We list herewith the contributions made to the Ten 
DoUar Club in the past ten years. In 1959 and 1960 there 
was oinly one call for each of those years and then two 
calls per year thereiafter. 

1959 LevittowTi, Pennsylvania 

1960 MiShawaka, Indiana 
1951 Newark, Ohio 

1961 MassiUon, Ohio 

1962 Kokomo, Indiana 

1962 Hemdon, Virginiia 

1963 Derby, Kansas 

1963 Elkhart — Winding Waters, Indiana 

1964 Wabash, Indiana 

1964 Lost Creek, Kentucky 

1965 Levittown, Pennsylvania 

1965 Mansfield, Ohio 

1966 Munoie, Indiana 

1966 St. Petersburg, Florida 

1967 Cedar Falls, Iowa 

1967 Golden Gate (Naples), Florida 

1968 Manteca, California 
1968 Marion, Indiana 

? 9,312.36 








10,503.00 (re-k>cation) 
10,451.00 (2nd call) 

9,685.00 (re-location) 
10,034.00 (re-location) 





In memory 

of Mr. and iVIrs. John A 


her brother 

and sister-in-law, Mrs. Mary E. 1 


sent a memoi-ial gift in the 


of $250 


the mission program. 

Page Twenty 

The Brethren Evangelifi 

zi eiv s 

• • • 

Hagerstown, Md. Re\-. W. St, Clair 
Benshoff, pastor, reports that some 
exte<nsive remodel inig is being done 
in the sanctuary and the old fel- 
lowship hall. Wopship services are 
now being held in the new fellow- 
ship hall. 

Mansfield, Ohio. The new church 

building is near compleition, accord- 
ing to Rev. Spencer Gentle, pas- 
tor. The furnace has been installed 
and much of the work on the inside 
is being completed. 

The congi-egation has instituted 
an extensive program cf training 
and visitation under the directioai 
of Rev. Fred Burkev, Director of 

Christian Education in 'the Breth- 
ren Church. A week of visitation 
will be conducted in March with 
open house for the Sunday school 
on March 16. 

South Bend, Ind. Rev. John T. By- 
ler, pastor, reports through a let- 
ter to his congregation that he has 
resigned as of August 1, 1969. Rev. 
Byler has been pasitor of the church 
for se\-eral years. 

Warsaw, Ind. Re\'. Paul Tinkei, pas- 
tor, has been elected president of 
the Warsaw-Winona Lake Commun- 
ity Minist:erial Association for the 
coming year. Comgratulations! 


der for Rev. and Mns. Brian 
Moore of Derby, Kansas, upon the 
arrival of a new baby boy! He was 
bom on Friday, January 3, 1969, and 
has been named Eric Ryan. He 
weighed in at 5 pounds and 6 ounces. 

Rev. Moore is pastor of the Derby 
Brethren Church in Derliy, Kansas. 


GASKILL. Mr. LeRoy Gaskill, age 
88, died early Saturday morning, De- 
cember 28, 1968, at the Williams 
County Hospital, Bryan, Ohio. Mr. 
Gaskill was a member of the Bryan 
First Brethren Church since 1921. 
Funeral services were conducted by 
the undersigned and interment was 
at Shiffler Cemetery. 

Rev. M. W. Dodds 

:^ :'fi -^ 

VINEY. Mrs. Gertrude E. Viney 
of Bringhurst, Indiana, passed away 
Christmas day at the Helvie Home 
in Flora, Indiana. She was born 
March 11, 1890. She was a member 
of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Funeral services were held at the 
Carter Funeral Home with Rev. Clar- 
ence Kindley officiating. Burial was 
in Maple Lawn Cemetery. 

Mrs. Gladys Flora 

JAMISON. Mrs. AVanda Jamison 
went to be with the Lord Sunday, 
December 29, 1968. Memorial services 
were held in the St. James Church 
Tuesday, December 31. Mrs. Jamison 
served the Lord well in many capaci- 

ties in the church including that c 
teacher and a member of the Deaii 
on's Board. 

KUTZELL. Mr. Edward Hutzei 
went to be with the Lord Mondaji 
December 30. Memorial services wer 
held in the St. James Church Nei' 
Years Day, January 1, 1969. M]| 
Hutzell was the father of Ralph Huti 
zell, treasurer of the Southeaster! 
District Mission Board. He had bee!J 
ill for several years. 

FIELDS. Mr. Artis Fields passeil 
away on December 15, 1968, after ; 
long- illness. He was a charter memi 
ber of the Washington Brethrei 
Church. Funeral services were heli 
at the church, conducted by Rev. Jei' 
ry Flora, pastor. Mr. Fields was thu 
grandfather of James Fields, studen 
at Ashland Theological Seminary. 
Mrs. Ona Lee Sams 

* * ■:■ 

HAECKER. Mr. Han-y Haeckes 
left us suddenly to be with our Lore 
and Savior. He was a member of ihi 
Roann First Brethren Church. Serv 
ices were conducted on December 201 

1968, in Roann, Indiana, by Rev. Herj 
bert Gilmer. Burial was in Memoria 
Lawn Cemetery of Wabash, Indiana! 

KLEINHEN. Mr. John Kleinhen; 
7;3, of Bryan, Ohio, died at the Cam 
eron Hospital January 10, where he] 
had been a patient for several weeks 
He was a member of the Bryan Firs! 
Brethren Church. Funeral service:' 
were held Monday, January 13, 1969' 
with the undersigned officiating. In ' 
terment was in the Moats Cemetery 
Sherwood, Michigan. 

Rev. M. W. Dodds 

FALLIS. Mr. Thomas P. Fallis 
age 86, passed away on January 1 

1969. He was a member of the Firsi 
Brethren Church of Muncie, Indiana 
His funeral was conducted by the uni 
dersigned on January 4, 1969. In-' 
terment was in The Gardens of Mem-i 
ory Cemetery near Muncie. 

Rev. Glenn Grumbling 

DUFF. Donald Duff, 43, of Florai 
Indiana, passed away in Elizabetl: 
Hospital, Lafayette, Indiana, Janu 
ary 14. He was a member of thi 
First Brethren Church of Flora anc 
served as Sunday school superintend 
ent for several years, taught a Sun 
day school class and was also churcl 
moderator and trustee. Funeral sen' ' 

ibniary 1, 1969 

Page Twenty-one 

:s were held Thursday, January 17. 
S9, at the Flora First Brethren 
urch with Rev. Clarence Kindley 
charge. Burial was in Maple 
wn Cemetery. 

Mrs. Gladys Flora 


nco, Pa. — 3 by baptism . . . Elk- 
i-t, Ind. — 3 by baptism . . . War- 
.V, Intl. — 11 by baptism. 


yton (Hillcrest), Ohio 

Viissionary EvajigelisiUc Sei-vices 
February 10 - 16, 1969 
llev. Glenn Shank, Evangelisit 
iev. W. Clayton Berkshire, Pastor 

nth Bend (Ardmore), Indiana 

Evangelistic Services 

IpiU 6 - 13, 1969 

tev. William Andei-son, Evangelist 

lev. C. Wm. Cole, Pastor 


Wasliington, D.C. (EP) — Tlie edi- 
tors of Church and Stat-e, magazme 
of Protestants and Otlier Americans 
United for Separation of Church and 
State (POAU), put at the top of their 
list of importajit news sitories in 1968 
Pope Paul's encyclical, "Humanae 
Vitae," in which he affiiTned the tra- 
ditional Roman Catholic opposition 
to birth control. 

The editors listed these nine other 
stories in order of importance: (1) 
The U.S. Supreme Count decisioji in 
"Flast \-. Cohen." whicli pushed aside 
a 45-year-old ruUng that no individu- 
al citizen has a sufficient financial 
stake in big government programs 
to challenge them in court; (2) The 
Republicaji Pai-ty platform, wliich 
pledged "federal fujids in support of 
state-prepared, state-administered aid 
plans for private school pupils": (3) 
The endorsement by the United Meth- 
odist Church and tire United Presby- 
terian Church, USA of civil disobedi- 

ence, in "extreme coses," as a legiti- 
mate method of social reform; (4) 
The resignation of Dick H. Hall Jr. 
from his position as vice president of 
Atlanta Baptist College in Georgia 
to protest a policy change allowmg 
the school to seek and accept Fed- 
eral funds for consti-uction and equip- 
ment; (5) Pemisylvania's new paroch- 
ial sohocl aid law, permitting public 
funds to be used for the "purchase 
of services" fro-m any school; (6) The 
hour-long CBS program entitled "The 
Business of Religion" which documen- 
ted church financial holdings; (7) 
The Vatican's announcement that it 
will pay soime tax to the Italian gov- 
ernment; (8) The U.S. Supreme 
Court's ruling that a New York law 
requiring school systems to lend te.xt- 
baoks provided by tax funds to pupils 
in private schools does not violate 
constitutional provisions; (9) Revers- 
al by the U.S. Court of Appeals of a 
lower court riding that taxpayers 
have no legal "standing" to sue for 
the discontinuence of religious post- 
age stamps. 

eystone Korner-- 

Items of Interest from the 
Pennsylvania District 

NOTE from Rev. Ed Schwartz tells us that during 
1. the recent Christmas season the folks at the Ser- 
untsville Bretliren Church collected forty-four Ghrist- 
s presents for boys and gh-ls at the New Jersey State 
Lldren's Hospital. A group from the ohui-oh went to the 
ipital and sponsored a party for the children. 
>n JVIarch 15, a District Sunday School Workshop will 
iheld at the Third Bretliren Church (Johnstown) under 
sponsoa-sJrip of the Penn.s,ylvania District Boai-d of 
lisitian Education, Rev. and Mi-s. Arthur- Funkhouse. 
spel Light representaitives, wUl be in chai'ge. 
Llmost immediately upon aiTival on the field, Rev. Jolin 
Is, new pastor of the Wayne Heights Brethren Church, 
:an holding regular Sunday evening services. The at- 
dance at these sei"\'ices has been vei-y good. 
Vhile the Third Brethren Church is without the ser- 
BS of a resident pastor, the pulpit is being filled from 
?k to week by various speakers — retired pas)tors, 
•istian laymen, Gideon representatives, etc. Rev. Hen- 

ly Bates of the Vinco Church is caring for the hospital 
visiting, funerals, etc., for the Johnstown Church during 
this period. 

Sister Antoinette Swenk, knowni to many of the Breth- 
ren through her faitliful attendance at Disti-ict and Gen- 
eral Conferences for a number of years, was recently 
admitted to the hospital in veiy critical condition. The 
prayei-s of faith of the folks at the Vandergrift Church, 
and the prayers of many of her friends elsewhere in the 
brotherhood, ha\-e brought about a very remarkable re- 

Tlie Valley (Jones Mills) Brethren Church is now being 
served on a regulai- basis by Brother Clarence Hesketh, 
a licensed pastor of the Permsylvania District. Brother 
and Sister Hesketh are living on the field — their address 
is: Box 44, Jones MUls, Pennsylvania 15646. 

Bulletins received from Brother Ed West seem to in- 
dicate that the work at Cameron, West Virginia, and 
Quiet Dell, Pennsylvania are show^ing encouragmg signs 
of growth in attendance and interest. 

A new program spo^nsored by the Laymen of the Vinco 
Hrethren Church is the "Dial-a-Ride" progi-am. Any per- 
son desiring to attend any of the services of the church, 
and not having a means of ti-ansportation, needs only to 
dial the church number and within a matter of minutes 
one of the laymen vv-Ul be on his way to bring the person 
to church. 



Ephesians 3:18 


Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangel 


CONGRATULATIONS to Mi-, and Mrs. Mac Freeman 
on the arrival of their first child, Aaron Mac. He 
joined their family on December 3, 1968, just a few min- 
utes before midnight. Mr. Freeman is a Trustee and 
Mrs. Freeman is Chiu-ch Seci-etary, Aaron was dedicated 
to the Lord on Sunday, December 29, dui-ing the Morn- 
ing Worship. 

On December 19, five new members were received into 
tlie membership of the church. Tliese five had been bap- 
tized December 15. We praise the Lord for this. 

On Sunday moirntng, December 22, the contata "Love 
Came Doiwn At Christmas" was presented. Tlie message 
in song and word was truJy lovely. Mrs. Buck Garrett 
was the director. 

On Sunday evening, December 22, the Christmas pro- 
gram was held. The play, "Christmas With The Carrolls," 
was presented along with the children's recitals. 

On Saturday, December 14, we held our second Christ- 
mas Banquet. There were 34 in attendance at the ban- 

quet held at PoUard's Chicken Kitchen in Lodi, Califoa 
ia. Everyone enjoyed the evening of fun, fellowship a 

On Friday, December 20, the W.M.S. gave a pairty 
the Haven of Peace. (This is a Mission for women a 
children.) There were gifts far each one, refreshmer 
and devotions. It was truly an evening to remembi 
shai-ing Chi-ist with those less fortunate than us is tru 

Our Saturday night rallies are continiuing and bei 
blessed by the Lord. These rallies are held on the fi: 
Saturday of each month. On January 4, the Weste 
Crusaders were featured. This is a group of gospel sir 
ers who present a program of vocal numbers, instrumt 
tals and testimonies. 

We were all busy getting ready for District Conferen 
held at om- chui'Ch January 9-12. 

Pastor and Mrs. GaiTett are a great blessing to all 
us here at Lathrop, and we ask for your prayers tli 
we continue to let the Lord lead us in all things. Tha 

The View from the Pew 

A CHURCH-SPONSORED national dial-in radio pro- 
gram has opened up for average citizens the possi- 
bility for conversation with people in the headlines. 

Titled "Night Call," the program lets John Q. Public 
talk politics with Hubert Humphrey, discuss Black Power 
with Panther leader Eldridge Cleaver, non-violence with 
Joan Baez and birth conti-ol witli famed Catholic theologi- 
an Father Haering, accordmg to a feature stoiy issued by 
Religious News Sei-vice. 

"Night Call" was launched last Jime by the Television, 
Radio and FUm Commission (TRAFCO) of the United 
Methodist Church. It is now cooperatively related to agen- 
cies representing other Protestants, Roman Catholics, Or- 
thodox and Jews. 

Carrier stations have risen from 21 to 83. The "Nighl 
Call" network goes out over broadcast lines rented for an 
hour each week night from the American Telephone and 
Telegraph Company. Stations receive it free. TRAFCO 
pays some $8,500 per month for the lines. 

Callers phone coUect on a hook-up of geographically 
designated numbers. New York is home base for host 
Del Shields and engineer Jim Harris. They operate fi-om 
studios at WRVR Radio, the station of the interdenomin- 
ational Riverside Church. Airtime is 11:30 p.m. EST, and 
in most cases the discussion is carried live in coirrespond- 
ing times across the nation. 

Guests do not come to the studio. They ai'e linked, 
from wherever they are, to Del Shields who also cuts out- 
side callers into the circuit. 

"Night Call's" guest list has been somewliat weighted 
toward the "liberal" side in politics and religion and ac- 
cording to the producer, are ideally persons wlio repre- 

sent some definable position and can discuss their vie 
"Night Call" does not ask listeners to agree with tW 
views. It asks for "dialogue, honest dialogue aimed 

In addition to being a "first," the show has scorec 
transmission first. Working through a Quaker group 
the UN, Spartak Beglo\-, head of No^'osti Press in Mi 
Cjw, agreed to be guest for a discussion of Russian 
sponse to the American Presidential election. 

When threatened by financial deficiencies, "Night Ca 
was saved by grants totalling $40,000 from the EpiscoM 
Church and the United Church of Christ and continil 
breaking new ground for modem communications. 



Philadelphia, Pa. (EP) — SI 

ments of procaine penicUUn will I 
sent to civilian war sufferers 
areas of Vietnam held by the Nati 
al liberation Front, according to 
announcement by the dispatchere, 
American Friends Service CommitI 
The Quaker group said it was s ! 
sending a medical shipment of eq 
value to the Quaker service unit 
Quang Ngai, South Vietnam est 
lished in October, 1966, which o] 
ates a prosthetics center and a ct 
day care center. 

ebruary 1, 1969 

Page Twenty-three 

World Religious News 

in Review 


Los Angeles (EP) — Because of 
leir view of the soul, Jews do not 
jlieve that abortion is hO'micide, ac- 
wding to Rabbi David M. Feldman 
Broolclyn who spolce at a press 
inference here. 

Jews, he said, hold tliat the soul 
od imparts into a fetus is a pui-e 
le, untouched by original sin. When 
18 fetus is killed, the soul goes to 
raven, he stated. 

Rabbi Feldman, author of the re- 
•ntly published book, Bh-th Control 
Jewish Law, noted that his view 
the soul differs from that of Ro- 
an Catholics and many oither Chris- 
aJTS. They hold, he e.xi>lained, that 
le soul is tainted with original sin, 
!Oause of the transgression of Adam 
id Eve, and goes either to Umbo 
■ to hell unless baptized. In either 
ise, it never sees God. 


Adelaide <EP) — The Lutheran 
lurch of Australia has been issued 
license to seU alcoholic beverages. 
The Adelaide Licensing Court gave 
e denomination permission to seU 
er in its canteen at the Yalata 
aorigmal Reserve. Church officals 
id argued that the license would 
Jp ciu-b Ulegal sales of whiskey and 
He to tlie 150 aborigines on the re- 


Grand Rapids, Mich. (EP) — The 
ird national convention of Reform- 
Church Youth wUl center on the 
erne "Tell It Like It Is" when they 
?et December 27-31 on the campus 
the University of Illinois in Ur- 
na, Illinois. 

Young people wUl be confronted 
th Jesus Christ, the Man for all 
Jsons, for all men, in all places, 
/s the denomination's public rela- 

tions director Dr. Louis H. Benes. 

Topics to be disciissed are intended 
to challenge each person to a person- 
al response to the call of Christ. Sub- 
jects include hunger as a political 
problem, the current struggle be- 
tween freedom and authority, and the 
need for a personal ministry based 
upon hiunan needs. 


New Haven, Conn. (EP) — Mis- 
sionaries of conservative theology 
have the greater rate of increase 
when compared to oither groujjs in the 
North American Missionai-y foi-ce. 

Tills is the judgment of Dr. David 
Stowe, head of the Division of Over- 
seas Ministries of the National Coun- 
cil of Churches, which has 33 Protes- 
tant and Othodo.x constituent church- 

The speaker said the current North 
American foreign missionai-y force is 
the largest in histoi-y. 

Tlie occasion for the talk the 
triennial meeting of tlie NCC agency. 
It was reported that U.S. church gi\'- 
ing, Protestant and Roman CaithoLic 
together, for missions rose from $170 
million to $299 million between 1960 
and 1968. 


Philadelphia (EP) — Cliristmas, 
1968, is the 100th Anniversai-y of the 
carol, "O Little Town of Bethlehem," 
written and introduced here. 

The hymn's words were penned by 
Phillips Brooks, then rector of Holy 
Trinity Episcopal church and later to 
become world famous as muiister of 
Truiity Chui'Ch, Boston. The music 
was composed by Lewis H. Redne;', 
organist of the Philadelphia church. 

Lyrics were inspu'ed by an 1865 
\-isit of Mr. Brooks to the Holy Land. 
He \'isited Bethlehem on Christmas 
Eve. In recounting the experience, 
the clergyman said he stood in the 
Chui'oh of the Nativity where "close 

to the spot where Jesus was born, 
the whole church was ringing hour 
after hour with splendid hymns of 
praise to God." 


St. Paul, Minn. (EP) — Vice Pres- 
ident Hubert H. Hitmpiu-ey has ac- 
cepted a shared professorship be- 
tween the University of Minnesota in 
Minneopolis and Maccilester College, 
a United Presbyterian school here. 

The 1968 Demoncratic Pi-esidential 
candidate probably will assume teach- 
ing responsibilities in the Spring. 

"I can hardly wait to begin," he 
said at a gathering of officials and 
students from both schools. The an- 
nouncement was made at Macalester, 
whose president is Dr. Arthui- Flem- 
ming, also president of the National 
Council of Churches and a United 
Methodist layman. 


New York (EP) — Dr. Jolm C. 
Beimett said here that it is a misfor- 
tune that Dr. Kai^l Barth, the Swiss 
theologian who died on December 
10, became known in the U.S. chiefly 
through slogans and stei-otypes that 
"almost wholly misrepresent him." 

Dr. Bennett, president of Union 
Theological Seminaiy and himself a 
theolGgian, lamented that so little has 
been heai-d of the Bai-th "ovenvhelm- 
ed by the revelation of God in Jesus 
Christ, who spelled out his e.xtraordin- 
ai-y Christian vision of God's love for 
man in liis many volumes." 

The Union President voiced his trib- 
ute in a statement which will appear 
in an early Januai-y 1989 issue of 
Christiamty and Crisis magazine. 


North Hollj-wood, Calif. (EP) — 
The ciuTent issue of The Wittenberg 
Door, undergroimd news sheet for, 
by and about youth workers in the 
religious field, lists the following- peo- 
ple who are ineligible for chuix;h 

Peter the Fisherman, because of 
long hair and unkempt beard; David 
the King, because of his dancing and 
cymbal playing; Solomon the Poet, 
l3ecause of his sensual and risque 
songs; Woman of Samaria, because 
of her infidelity; John the Baptist, be- 
cause of his miniskirt and crude eat- 
ing habits; Woman caught in Adul- 
tery, because of questionable morals; 
Adam and Eve, because of no prev- 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

ious church letter; Jesus of Nazareth, 
because of his friendship and winebib- 


New York (EP) — The real issue 
of tihe German Churches' struggle 
with Nazism have still, more than 30 
years later, not been fully learned, a 
Canadian historian holds in a new 
book soon to be published here. 

John S. Conway sifted thi-ough 
hundreds of documents captured froim 
Nazi archives in writing "The Nazi 
Persecution of the Churches," Al- 
ready released in England, the Amer- 
ican publisher is Basic Books, Inc. 
The author, an Anglictm layman, is 
associate professor of histoi-y ait the 
University of British Columbia. 

The book's main focus is on the 
persecution of the Churches during 
the Hitler regime, but Mi*. Conway is 
equally concerned with the questioai 
of guilt: Why did the German people 
— particularly Christiajis — allow 
the unprecedented atrocities of Naz- 
ism to be perpetrated in their name? 

In exploring the reasons, Mr. Con- 
way draws lessons and implications 
for the contemporai-y world from 
Christianity's encounter with a total- 
itarian state. 

'"nieologically speaking," writes 
Mr. Conway, "the protolem of how 
the Church can confront its commun- 
ity with the need for talcing up arms 
against injustices and violence has 
never been solved." 


Portland, Ore. (EP) — The 46 
congregations of the former Evangel- 
ical United Brethren churches m the 
Northwest which withdrew from the 
Unitetl Methodist Church will be able 
to keep their property, under the 
terms of a settlement announced here. 

The document stipulates that the 
46 congregations will pay $690,266 to 
keep their property. They paid $25,- 
000 in earnest money and will pay 
what is leflt about 90 days hence un- 
less an unforseen hitch stalls the 

The property is said to be worth 
almost $4 million, but some of the 
congreations already owe money on 
their buildings. These wiU pay the 
debts as well as their share of the 

The laws of both Methodist and 
EUB denominations state that a con- 

gregation which witlidraws from the 
denomination forfeits its property to 
the denomination. The law of tlie 
new United Methodist Church, form- 
ed by the merger, has the same re- 

One leader said the $690,266 wdl be 
a hea\y burden on the churches 
which are "paying a second time" 
for the property, but he also pointed 
out that they get the property for 
about one-sixth of what it is worth. 

The congregations withdrew over 
incompatability in "doctrine, stand- 
ards, and practice" between them- 
selves and the Methodist Church. On 
the whole they are more conserva- 
tive theologically and simpler in the 
conduct of their services. 


Blooniington, Inil. (EP) — Obscen- 
ity is used "almost exclusively for 
shock purposes by young people who 
know where Americans are most vul- 

This is the view of Dr. Owen P. 
Thomas, an Indiana University En- 
glish professor. He said the success 
of the technique is exerrtpltfied by ob- 
scenity used by demonsitrators during 
the Democratic naitlonal conventioai. 

"What happened in Chicago is that 
police reacted," Thomas said. "If 
Ihey had ignored the obscenity, if 
they had kept their cool, these kids 
would ha\'e been frusti-ated." 

The way to eliminate this use of 
obscenity, he said, is to ignore it. 


Santa Barbara, Calif. (EP) — Epis- 
copal Bishop James A. Pike has con- 
firmed reports he will man-y for the 
third time even without clear per- 
mission from his successor in the 
Episcopal Diocese of California. 

His bride is Miss Diana Kennedy, 
31, who assisted the Bishop in writing 
his latest book. The Other Side, nar- 
rating Pike's experiences with psy- 
clnic advenitures. 

Miss Kennedy is e.xecutlve director 
of the New Pocus Foundation of San- 
ta Barbara, an organization conduct- 
ing research for the bishop and heip- 
ing individuals "in transition" from 
religion to religion, or from religion 
to secular life. 

Present Episcopal practice says a 
divorced person must secure permis- 
sion of his bishop before remarrying. 

However, Bishop Pike said he did 
not believe excommunication was In-j 



Washington, D.C. (EP) — An author- 
itative religious census of the new 
congress, published by Christianity 
Today, shows that the religious bal- 
ance among members of the 91st Con- 
gress wUl be much the same as Itsl 

Toitals of only two religious groups 
changed by more than one, the census 
noted. The number of Roman Catho- 
lics In the House and Senate rosei 
two to 111. The Methodists, largest 
Protestant group in the Congress,^ 
dropped three to 90. 

The journal found from Its survey 
that figures "indicate something of 
the prestige and social involvement: 
of America's religious groups, on a| 
personal basis." It fo'und the afflu-| 
ent, largely-white, British-backgroundj 
denominations ranlvurg highest when 
their total of Congress members is 
compared with the church me'mber 
ship total. The leaders are the Uni 
tarian - Universalists, Presbyterians 
Episcopallajis, and the Unltec 
Church of Christ. 

Gains were recorded of one apdec« 
by several little-represented groups 
including the Latter-Day Saints, Lu 
therans, and Greek Orthodox. Th( 
Orthodox chui-ch never had a memi, 
ber of Congi-ess on record until tw<! 
were elected to the House in 1966 
The third is Pennsyh-ania Democra i 
Gus Yatron. 

The 70,000-member Christian aji(| 
Missionary Alliance has Its firs t mem | 
ber of Congress in Wllmer Mlzell, : 
North Carolina RepubUcan nicknam 
ed "Vinegar Bend" who formerl;, 
pitched for the St. Louis Cardinal i 
and the Pittsburgh Pirates. I 

The U.S. Senate gets Its fu-st meirl 
l3er from the tiny Schwenkfeldej 
Church in Pennsylvajiia RepubUoa.! 
lllchard Schweiker. The group cj 
2,400 members Is historically relate 
to the Amish. 

Christiivnity Today's new census c 
the governors shows 9 Methodists, 
Romaji Catholics, 7 Baptists, 6 Epi: 
ccpalians, 6 Presbyterians, 4 Unite 
Church of Christ, 3 Christian Churc' 
(Disciples of Christ), 2 Lutherans, 
Latter-Day Saints; and 1 each ff 
Jewish, Unitarian, and "Proitestant 

February 1, 1969 

Page Twenty-five 

BRETHREN in the World 


To Brethren men: 

Orir John Porte has returned to his first love, law en- 
'orcement. In his home toivn of South Betid, hidiana, 
ifter having served THE BRETHREK CHURCH as 
Jeneral Secretary for a number of years. 

The accompanying article n-as written out of his ex- 

The question occurs to ye ed: "Hotu many of our 
Brethren Chtirches are supporting the existing temper- 
mce or alcohol problem organizations in our states hy 
•/ranting them, entrance into our pulpits on an annual or 
'emi-annual basis?" 

We do ivell to support the forces that are comhatting 
'he social evils of our day. F. S. B. 

ARE YOU interested in statistics? Nei- 
ther am I, usually. But when I am 
told that one-half of our population is 
soon to be teenagers, or close; and when 
I am told that one-half of these may gi-ow 
to be alcoholics, then I can become very 

Is alcoholism a disease or a bad habit? 
Is it a cowardly escape from everyday life, 
or a false need to prove how strong we 
are? Are we trapped into thinking we 
must become involved because everyone else 
is doing it? 

Tommy has been drinking since he was 
eight years old since his family felt that 
one beer doesn't hurt anyone. As a teen- 
ager, drinking that one beer was necessary 
at family and friendly parties to stimulate 
interesting activities. As a young adult, 
that same one beer made his conversation 

more sparkling . . . besides that, off-color 
humor and wit are more acceptable. 

Tommy came to us as a burglar. He 
needed parts for his car. A friend, over 
that one beer, suggested and aided a break- 
ing and entering. Two weeks after his day 
in court, and after another beer, Tommy was 
transporting his teenaged baby sitter to 
his home. Enroute, two stops were made 
and each time he forced his attentions on 
the fifteen-year-old. 

The easiest method of handling Tommy 
would be to send him to prison, as he may 
deserve, then he would be out of society 
and could harm no one. As citizens, we 
will have performed our duty. We could sit 
back and speculate on who erred and what 
Tommy might have been. You be the judge. 

After that one beer Tommy wants to 
tear down the house. Sober, he is a very 
likeable person. After that one beer, Tom- 
my tries to fight anyone or anything that 
moves. Sober, Tommy is just Tommy. 

He has a family that deserves something 
better than an ex-convict husband and 
father. He is an able and skilled employee. 
Tommy needs, and needed help. 

Help can come from Brethren in, but 
not of, the world. We cannot help by sit- 
ting back with our heads in the sand and 
hoping we won't be hit or hurt. 

Alcoholism is not a disease in that sci- 
ence cannot pin-point a causative geim or 
virus. It is a disease in that it can be 
treated medically, but the treatment of the 
disease, if it is a disease, must start long 
before the infection sets in. Here is where 
we may help and be a part. 

Do you know what goes on in and aJound 
your school? Have you been to P.T.A. 
lately? Attended a School Board meeting? 
Have you talked to a teacher or a bus 

Page Xwenty-six 

The Brethren Evangelist i 

driver? You may not have a pupil but you 
still pay the bill. 

Are you complaining about insurance 
rates? Have you asked for some reasons? 

We live in a "new morality" society 
where, among other things, drinking is ac- 
cepted as a normal way of life. Our con- 
versation isn't brilliant and we are square 
unless we are stimulated. Afraid of be- 
ing wall flowers or shunned: is it manly or 
lady-like to have the courage to refrain? 
In many quarters it is a breach of a ques- 
tionable code of etiquette for a host not to 
serve drinks, regardless of the guests. Our 

people should learn to respect the rights on 
weaknesses of others. 

The corner bar isn't on our schedule, so 
we ignore the possibility of serving under- 
aged clientel or of sales through the reari 

We have learned long ago that any law 
may be enforced only to the extent that 
you, the people, want it enforced. Tommy 
is a real person. Tommy is not his name 
but he exists and his problem is very real.! 

Brethren must pray, then add hands, 
feet, voice and concern to those prayers. 
We have let others do it for us too long. 




DURING THE HOLIDAYS a toitally imwelcome guest 
invaded our establishment generously bestowing 
merciless misei-y on everyone ajvailable. Perhaps the 
flu-bug confused itself with Santa as it delivered its 
unique greetings across the country. For, m many homes 
and places planned festivities and food either failed to 
materialize or waited patiently for recognition while pa- 
tients struggled determinedly to keep the tradition of the 

Nevertheless there are always blessings to more than 
compensate for disaj^pointments and this Christmas ex- 
perience proved it again. The une.Npected kmdnesses e.\- 
pressed by many through words and deeds from near and 
far brought happiness long to be remembered and treas- 
ured. Among these blessings is one that is very special 
— ■ an unusual dream, so different than any I've formerly 
e.Kperienced, yet so — beautiful. 

There were several of us, family perhaps, standing on 
our front lawn watching cloud formations in the eastern 
sky. There was no feeling of fear in anticipation of a 
storm or anything unusual, just interested curiosity. 
High above and to our right a large grey-white cloud was 
separating into two sections before a backgroimd of 
blue-grey sky. The section farthest to the right took on 
a distinctive rectangular shape similar to a crest or 
emblem sharply outlined with a wide white border with 
the letters N, E, S and W clearly visible. Instantly we 

realized the implication; also that they were directionallj 
correct. Then glancing quicldy to see what form tht 
other cloud section was taking, our eyes were drawn tc 
the sky itself as it seemed to be splitting diagonaUj 
from the emblem to a point in our own driveway to ouj' 
left. As our eyes followed its line we heard a grea 
voice, not loud and blasting as from a microphone bu 
firm and pleasant, filling the air all around us, saying 
"This is my beloved Son, hear and believe Him!" 

We fell to our knees in awe and ecstasy as we sav 
Jesus standing there as one of us yet radiantly glorious 
Gasping for breath I cried out "Oh He's beautiful, beau 
tiful, so beautiful! Then suddenly realizing the adjective 
I'd used might not have been qiute appropriate, a wavi 
of embarassment swept through me. Only for a second 
for though He was perhaps at least fifty feet away Hi 
eyes and smUe reflected His understanding, His compas 
sion and even a hint of humor, and I awakened abruptly 

A sense of disappointment enveloped me as I realizei 
it was a dream for I'd have liked to have continued ii 
His presence. But, reviewing the content of the drean 
brought a deep feeling of gratitude for the truth of it 

The melody and words of "In The Garden" came int>) 
my thoughts and soon sleep, peaceful and restful, claim 
ed me until morning. Happiness is — Jesus Christ, Lopq 
and Savior. 

February 1, 1969 

Page Twenty-seven 



A Report on the "Snow Ball 



"Excilting" is the word which best describes the holi- 
iay retreat recently held for Brethi-en young people at 
f"our Brooks Bible Conference Center, PipersviLLe, Penn- 
lylvania. Despite the cold and sometimes unpredictable 
weather, fifty-seven young people fixan five states and 
'our districts gathe^-ed to share their lives and witness 
Miili other Brethren youth. After this enjoyable expe- 
rience, there seems to be no end to the possibilities foi' 
rhe Brethi-en Church and its youthful members. Let me 
]eU you about it! 

As previously announced, registratioin was limited to 
juniors in high school through college age youtli. Thus 
ve had twenty-two coUege students (representing tweh'e 
x>Ueges and universities) and thirty-five high school 
jtudents in attendance. 

These young people were challetnged during the re- 
xeat by Dr. Edmund P. Clowney, president of West- 
ninslter Theolog'icai Seminary, who brought foiu- mes- 
sages relating to "Your Name and Your Call i ng." 
Phroughout the program, Dr. Clowney brought each of 
js face to face with the importance of being the person 
jod has called us to be. 

After each message, questions were welcomed and dis- 
;iission was encotu-aged. Various discussion groups were 
'ormed imder the leadership of Dr. Shultz, the men who 
icted as "district co-ordinators" for the retreat and my- 
self. These men did a tremendous job! Rev. Richard 
Ulison, pastor of the Jefferson, Indiana, Brethren Church, 
organized and led a delegation of se^'enteen youthful 
tioosiers on the 700 mile trip to Pipersville. When he ar- 
rived, he said, "It only took fourteen houi"s!" How's that 
jor a positive attitude? 

Rev. Robert Keplinger, who served as Pennsyh'arda 
poordinator, was spared an arduous journey, having to 
pome only about thirty miles from his home in Levit- 
lOwn. Rev. Keplinger was in charge of an impressive 
jandlelighting service Which ushered in tlhe New Yeai-, 

The Southeastern district ooordinator was Rev. Richard 
(funs, pastor of the district's newest dhurch at Chandon, 
l^irginia. Pastor Kuns led the group in an informal 
hought provoking worship service Monday evening in 
-ddition to serving as a discussion leader. 
j Ohio's delegation was organized by Rev. Donald Rine- 
art of SmithvUle. Combining the talents of Don and Jan 
Mrs. Rinehart), who played a guitar and ukelele, the 

group made much "joyful noise," singing various folk 
songs and hymns with great vigor. 

Dr. Joseph R. Shultz, dean of the Ashland Theologioal 
Seminary, who had a heavy schedule of meetings and 
family obligations, also made the time to be present and 
serve as a resource person during tire retreat. Unfor- 
tunately, Dr. Shultz was the first victim of the icy tobog- 
gan run. His injuries included two skinned knuckles and 
a wrenched knee. From that point on, he was affection- 
ately known as "hopalong." 

The only real "catastrophe" occui-red when the Rine- 
harts' toboggan ovei-tumed and Mi-s. Rinehart injured 
her right knee. The injury, while not of great severity, 
was extremely painful, necessitating the immediate pur- 
chase of crutches, etc. At last report, Jan was "coming 
along fine" and "making the most" of her injury. 

New opportunities for Christian sei-vice were pre- 
sented by Mr. Jim Gerhart, of the Christian Service 
Corps. This interdenominational organization provides 
contacts for evangelical Christians of all ages to find 
meaningful short teiTn missionaa-y work in almost any 
part of the world, doing the jobs they ai-e trained and 
qualified to do. Current needs include every vocation from 
agriculture to engineering. A term in the CSC would cei^- 
taiitly be a stimulating e.xperience, whether the work is 
done in the U.S.A. or overseas. Here is the church's an- 
swer to the Peace Corps, and an opportunity for distinc- 
tively Christian Sei^vice. 

I must say that I was greatiy pleased by the response 
to the "snowless" Snow Ball. It seemed that each one 
in attendance did explore the "Outer Dimension" of his 
life. Since our gi-oup was made up of committed Christian 
you til, I am certain that most renewed their commit- 
ment to Christ and will seek new opportunities to serve 
him wherever they are. 

Our vision for the futui'e of the church can be un- 
limited if we win but cultivate the resources which God 
has given us. In our midst at Four Brooks were people 
who are training for various life-vocations and whose 
talents the church needs. Ecclesiastically speaking, most 
of those participating wiU not be preachers . . . but they 
are more than mere laymen! They are sincere Christians 
whose Uves and work will make the message of Christ 
relevant in the space age. 

I encourage every church to cultivate its youth for they 
hold un'told promise and they are the key to the future ! 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Photos by Bruce Dodds 

Resource Leader, Dr. Clowney 
Fielding a question 

Dr. "Luigi" Shultz, serves Spaghetti to Becky Barker 

Vince Lombaidi? Not really, just 
Rev. Allison getting his team in shape 


Wait 'til the Red Wings hear* about 

this! Jeanne McPherson and Ray Allison 

try out the ice 

February 1, 1969 

Page Twenty-nine 


Wheelei'-Dealers, Pat 
Wortinger (Goshen) and 
John Steiner (SmithviUe) 
tiy to pull a "fast deal" 
during a game of High 
Finance. Pat attends Ball 
State University, Muncie, 
Indiana, and John is a 
senior at Ohio University, 
Athens, Ohio 

Chow Time was a favorite 
at Four Brooks. Plenty 
of hot food was required 
to keep the crew going. 
Here we caught a group 
of Hoosiers ready to 
taste the spaghetti 

"Cue ball in the side 
pocket!" The man behind 
the cue ball is David 
Benshoff (Hagerstown. 
Md. and Ashland College). 
Coaching are Carol Welty 
(Levittown) and Robert 
Young (Vandergrift and 
Ashland College) 

Page Thirty 

The iSrethren Evangelis 




"People Need Help" was the theme of a Brethreii 
Youth Field Trip coiiducted tor the junior high and older 
youth of the Mid-West District on December 30th, in 
Topeka, Kansas. 

Pour cai-loads arrived at the Menninger Foundation at 
10 a.m. for a new adveniture. The Menninger Foundaltion 
is known the world over for its excellence in psychiatric 
research and ti'eatment. Upon arrival we were imme- 
diately shown a fiimstrip telling the development and 
nature of their work. Then tlie Rev. Hayes, a pastor in 
clinical training at the Foundation, spoke to us concern- 
ing the goals of the Foundation. We wei'e then given the 
opportunity to tour tlie museum both of the Foundation, 
and the personal collection of Dr. WUl Menninger. One 
of the mosit popular rooms displayed variO'US means that 
have been used to confine patients with an emotional dis- 
order in days gone by. They were in sharp contrast to 
the methods and pliilosophy of psychiati-y today. 

The gi"Oup then traveled to the Rochester Communilty 
Church of the Bi-ethren on the north side of Topeka 
Where the ladies of the dhuroh had prepared a delicious 
lunch for all. 

Followmg the lunch a fikn, "The Parable," was sliown. 
Rev. Brian Moore then conducted a discussion on the 
meaning and application of the film to O'Ur lives as Chris- 
tians, and coirrelated the film with our experience at the 
Menningei- Foundation. AU this gave meaning to the 
theme, "People Need Help," and our responsibility as 
Christians to help them. Many agreed it was one of the 
most interesting and challenging activities the youth of 
the district have enjoyed for many years. 

At approximately 3 p.m. the group was dismissed and 
all returned home safely. 

The Derby Brethren were represented by 5 youth and 
1 adult; Fort Scott by 7 youth and 1 adult; and Mulvane 
by 8 youth and 2 adults; a total of 24 persons. 

The activity was sponsored by the Mid-West District 
Boai-d of Chi'isitian Education. 


Some day, tlie sun will ever shine ; 

No clouds will hover near. 
There'll be an end to suffering; 

An end to doubt and fear. 

Some day we'll see the Savior's face; 

He'U talk with you and me. 
We'll walk the vale and hold His hand; 

How glorious that will be! 

Norman McPherson 

This is for you! 



Two new filmstrips for Easter have been addet 
to the fiimstrip hbrary maintained by the Boarc 
of Christian Education. These fibiistrips are es 
pecially for junior age young people and are: 

P-16 Courage of the Cross — 45 frames, cole 
draws, rec & man., junior 7 min. 

Despite warnings of his friends not to go til 
Jerusalem for the Passover, Jesus goes any 
way. He enters the city in a joyous proces 
sion, bravely confronts his critics and ene^ 
mies, observes the Feast of the Passover witl 
his disciples, is arrested and tried, and final 
ly demonstrates God's love at Golgotha. 

P-17 Son of the Living God — 42 frames, colai 
draws, rec & man., junior, 7 min. 

The grief and fear experienced by Jesus' fol| 
lowers following the crucifixion turns to jo; 
and hope with the resurrection events, a; 
they realize Jesus is truly Lord and Savion 
and are given power to do his work. 

A number of other Easter filmstrips are alsi 
available for all ages. Consult your fiimstrip cat 
alog. (Remember, this listing is in the Christiaij 
Education Handbooks that ai"e now in the possep 
sion of many pastors and churches). 

When ordering, please allow at least two weekl 
for delivery! Include the catalog number of thi 
fiimstrip, its title, a second and if possible thir: 
choice, showing date, your name and addresi' 
This information should be sent to: Boai'd c 
Christian Education, 524 College Avenue, Asl; 
land, Ohio 44805. Rental fee is $L00 per filn* 
strip per showing. 

Let us put Christ into your Easter — visuallj; 

February 1, 1969 

Page Thirty-one 

Sch m lis e r ' s 

C hatterbox — 

TT'S A LITTLE LATE for making New Year's resalu- 
-*■ tions, but it's not too late for a few "Februai-y resolu- 
tions." Think about your Sisterhood society for a mom- 
ent. Is it still at the same place it was last year at this 
time? You've had a whole year since then to impro\'e 
both yourself and your Sisterhood. Did you try? Wheth- 
er you did or didn't, you now have another year lying 
ahead of you. Make the most of it by refusing to re- 
main at a standstill. Let's get those minds turning on 
new ideas for Sisterhood. Surely some of you can come 
up with som.ething that will really start things rolling in 
your group. 

Patronesses, you can help in a big way here. If you 
don't show intei-est and show some initiative, neither 

will your society. Gear programs to the needs and in- 
terests of your group. Do some real program planning. 
The girls themselves should participate in program plan- 
ning under your giudance. What better way to plan pro- 
grams that will interest them? Don't feel obligated to 
use progi-am material printed in the Brethren Eviuigelist 
every month if something else will interest the girls more, 
and be more meaningful for them. Encourage them to 
read and study the articles on then own when they are 
not used for a program. 

Start the new ye^ar right. If you aren't satisfied with 
things the way they are, don't just sit there complaining, 
do something! Make this the best year ever for your 


PLEASE keep in mind that The Brethren PiibUshing Company lias step- 
ped out on faith to purchase new equipment to modernize the print sliop. 
In order to finance this venture, the Company is offering bonds in the de- 
nominations of $500 and $1000. The bonds ai-e dated for 5 years and will 
bear 5% interest per annum to be paid semi-annually. 

If you ai'e interested in investing in this project, please fill out the blank 
below and mail to us. 

The Brethien PubUshing Company 
524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Gentlemen : 

The undersigned, 

(please print name) 


_, wishes to purchase 

$1,000.00 Bonds 

$500.00 Bonds 

My check in the amount of $- 

to cover the purchase is enclosed. 


(number and street) 

(city, st&te. ziDcode) 

Page Thirty-two 

The Brethren EvangelUtij 

Happiness is • • • helping the weak 



Romans 15:1: "We who are strong in the faith ought to help the 
weak to carry their burdens. We should not please ourselves." 

Good News for Modern Man i 
Please send your offerings to: 


CO Mr. Kermit Bowser, Treasurer 
246 East Main Street 
New Lebanon, Ohio 45345 

(Ac ^let^xcK 


February 15, 1969 

No. 4 


Hie. 'BHittAat 


Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Genrtile 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society- 
Mrs. Charlene Rovvser 
National Laymen's Organization 

Mr. Floyd Benshoff 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Miss Kathy Miller 

Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Miss Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 


534 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7371 

Terms of Subscription: 

$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Conuiilttee : 

Elton Whitted, President; Richai'd Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "A Blessing Through Suffering" . . 3 

Sisterhood Program Materials for March i 

Signal Lights Program Materials for March ... 8 

"There Is No Peace" 

by Rev. Carl Barber 10 

The Brethren Layman 13 

"House Divided: Escape from Reason" 
by Rev. Jerry Flora 15 

The Missionary Board 19 

"Love's Direction" 
by Rev. 'Woodrow Immel 22 

Report from Loree, Indiana 26 

World Religious News in Review 27 

The Board of Christian Education 29 



WE HA'VE been running late for each issui 
of The Bretliren Evangelist. Severa 
reasons for this. The Shop Superintendeni 
resigned in July of last year; one pressman passec; 
away; and the linotype operator also resignei 
recently. All of this has certainly curtailed ouii 
efficiency considerably 1 

Things are looking up for us, however! An 
nouncement of the hiring of a Shop Superinten 
dent will be made very shortly; and we have 
new linotype operator. Mr. Dennis Drushel whi 
was just recently discharged from the service ii 
■Viet Nam has been hired as the linotype operatoi 
He is a good operator and is catching on to th' 
Vv'oik very rapidly. 

Therefore, before too long, now, we liope to bi 
getting the magazine and the other publication 
out on time! Thank you for your patience! 


WE CAN report that the nevi^ equipment 
beginning to arrive! The new Davidsoi 
Offset Press is here as well as the Heidelbor 
automatic press. Neither one has been installej 
as yet; we are waiting for the factory represen 
atives to do the installing. 

The carpenter has completed the darkrooi 
and other changes that had lo be made. Ihi 
electrician is now working on llie rewiring. 

The camera has not arrived as yet, neither 1ie 
the proof press, but they will be arriving befoi 
too long. 

We appreciate, vary mucli, the "new look" tlu 
is being given to the operations of the print sho 
and we are confident that this is good for til 
Brethren Churcli! | 


It matters not the least to God 

If we be black or white. 
He looks witliin the heart of man 

With sort of x-ray siglit. 

He breathed into each one of us 

A timeless, living soul. 
To live forever with the Lord 

Should be our aim and goial. 

He made men just the way they are 

For reasons of His own. 
He gave His Son for evei-y race. 

And not for one alone. 

So let us take our brother's hand. 

As on this earth we tread. 
For we are equal in God's sight — 

White, yellow, black or red. 

Norman McPherson 

February 15, 1969 

Page Three 



H hiessing through S////ennc/ 

"THE SCRIPTURE tells us that trials and suf- 
■•■ fering-s make us stronger in the faith. We 
)elieve this. Yet, at times it's hard for us to really 
uiderstand the full meaning- of such a statement 
mtil we are faced with such afflications. 

IVtr. NoiTnan B. Rohrer, Director of Evangel- 
sal Press News Service, wrote a bit of human 
Qterest story recently which depicts the real joy 
■f faith coming through the life of a saint of God 
esieged with much suffering. He has entitled 
he item: "Queen of the Dark Chamber - Frail 
hinese Rejoices in 38th Year of Suffering." 

"An ai-istocratic Chinese lady, bedfast with 
lalignant malaria of the bone marrow, marks 
lis month her 38th year of suffering through 
ageant of spiritual triumphs. 

"Smiling sweetly in the darkened room of her 
'axadise, Pemisylvania, home, Christiana Tsai 
>nfided to visitors: 'I am always happy, and I 
onestly can't ever remember being bitter about 
ly disease or depressed because I can't walk.' 

Three times in her 78 years physicians have 
eld her hand and told her she would live only 
ciother three days. 'I smiled and they couldn't 
aderstand it,' Christiana chuckled. 'I will go ar.y 
ly the Lord calls me. Does crying help me to 
el better? It doesn't.' 

"It's hai'd to imagine how iVIiss Tsai could be 
asier if she was able to walk. She occupies a 
rge bed in a corner room of the spacious home 
Miss Mary Leaman, a former missionary to 
hina who led Christiana to the Lord. There Miss 
3ai has lived since coming to America, leaving 

the house only twice — to be examined for U.S. 
citizenship and to becoine a natu]-alized citizen. 

"The invalid is the daughter of wealthy Chinese 
parents who had dedicated her life to being a 
Buddhist nun. Shortly after she met Mary Lea- 
man, whose father was a pioneer missionary to 
China, she became a Christian despite the protests 
of her family. On February 8, 1949, Miss Tsai and 
Jliss Leaman booked passage on the S.S. Wilson, 
the last passenger ship to leave Red China, and 
came directly to Pai-adise and the large house left 
to Miss Leaman in the legacy of her family. 

"The two small lamps in Christiana's room are 
shrouded with black cloths and no sunlight pene- 
trates the shaded windows, yet the vivacious lady 
l)usily spends her time writing letters or minis- 
tering to visitors. A reporter from a local news- 
paper was impressed by the lines of laughter 
which characterize her expression, though she i.- 
never without pain. Miss Tsai has written the 
story of her life in a biography titled, 'Queen of 
the Dark Chamber.' 

"On January 11, the anniversary of being bed- 
ridden, she entertained friends from Philadelphia 
and Washington. What did they do? 'We talked 
about the grace of the Lord, of course,' said Miss 
Tsai, smiling." 

This is truly a testimony of the faith which 
suffering and trial can bring to the child of God. 

Often we find ourselves complaining of minor 
problems, when in reality we should be thanking 
God for the many blessings of life which he brings 
to us! 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Devotional Program for Marchi 

Call to Worship: 
Song Service 
Cirt-le of Prayer 

Bible Studies: 

Senior: "Rocket-Riders" 
Junior: "Clirist on Trial" 

Discussion Questions: 

Seniors: Discussion over cliosen book. 

Special Music 


"Spirit of Sisterliood" 

S.M.M. Benediction 




WE HAVE BEEN JUMPING around in tlie book 
of Jolin trying to learn what Jesus said about 
Himself, li you remember, we studied His claim to be 
the Light of the World and the Bread of Life. He called 
Himself the Good Shepherd and the Door to the Fold. 
In all these teachings Jesus was revealing Himself to 
His disciples and followers. 

This month we are going to stop in our e.xamination 
of the "I Am's" and see what Jesus was leading up to 
in all these teachings. He is showing to His disciples 
and to us His God-nature and personality so that we 
can understand Him and have confidence that He can 
meet every need. In our lesson today we will see that 
everything He says and does is done primarily to prove 
to us that He is the Son of God and to lead us to accept 
Him as the answer in our lives. 

If you will all turn in your Bibles to the fifth chapter 
of John, we see right away the miracle at the pool of 
Bethesda. This is the familiar story of the lame man 
who wasn't able to get down to the bubbling waters 
in time to be healed. Jesus healed the man in verse 8 
and immediately a controversy arose. The Jews wanted 
to kill Jesus because be had healed on the Sabbath day. 
That may seem a little harsh to us, but it was the law 

in those days. Back in the time of Moses we read iii 
Numbers 15 that a man was found gathering sticks oi 
the Sabbath day and God told Moses to stone him t( 

Jesus gets Himself in even hotter water by answering I 
them, "My Father worketh even until now, and I work.' 
He was telling them that He made God His patten 
and since God continually worked for man. He wouk 
also. He called God "His own Father" in a special wa; 
which meant He claimed deity for Himself. Now th 
Jews had added reason for killing Jesus. They couldn' 
believe that a man could be God or that God could b 
a man. Therefore, tliey considered it all blasphemj 
which means mocking God or making fun of Hin- 
Jesus claimed to be equal with God but to the Jew 
He was an imposter. 

The Jews again had the law on their side for in Lf 
viticus God told Moses, "He that blasphemeth the nam 
of the Lord, he shall surely be put to death." You mu£j 
either accept Jesus as the Son of God as He claime- 
to be or call Him a liar. There is no middle ground. 

Jesus continues to make even more dangerous claim:; 
In verse 21 He says He has power to raise the dead, i 
verse 22 He says He will judge mankind, and in vers: 

February 15, 1969 

Page Five 

23 He says He deserves equal honor with God. Jesus 
knew these claims would not be accepted so He brings 
fortli witnesses to verify His claims just like in a court 
trial. They will prove for Him that Jesus is the Messiah 
and Savior of mankind. 

First, He says He Himself could give witness because 
He knows more about Himself tlian anyone else. But 
in a court of law a man's personal testimony is con- 
sidered biased and not acceptable. Tlierefore, He turns 
to other witnesses. 

He calls on a very well-liked and respected Jew, 
John tlie Baptist. Thousands of Jews had listened to 
John and believed him to be completely truthful and 
honest. Therefore, the Jews should believe what John 
said about Jesus. Already in chapter 1 John has said, 
"Behold the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin 
of the world" and also "I saw and bare record that 
this is the Son of God." 

The third witness is even better, Jesus says, for it 
is His works or miracles. We all can name many mir- 
acles Jesus performed which show His divine power 
and compassionate nature. They were the works of 
God and as Nicodemus said, "We know thou art come 
from God: for no man can do these miracles that 
thou doest, except God be with him." 

The Father Himself bears witness to Jesus' divinity. 
Three times God spoke aloud testifying to Jesus. Once 
after His baptism, once at the transfiguration, and 
once after tlie triumphial entry. However. Jesus knew 
the Jews didn't hear the Father's voice because they 
were not prepared in their hearts. 

His fifth and final witness was tlie Holy Scriptures 
wliicli we know the Jews were verv familiar with. 

Jesus said, "Ye search the Scriptures. . . and they are 
tliey which testify of me." The Jews were so zealous 
in studying the Old Testament and yet tliey didn't rec- 
ognize the object of the prophecy in the Old Testament 
wiien Christ appeared. In the book of John alone there 
are eighteen references to the Old Testament which 
directly apply to Christ. Jesus said, "Had ye believed 
Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of 
me." It is amazing that they could not see Jesus as 
tlieir Messiah. 

Today we have oven more witnesses. We liave the 
Holy Spirit which had not yet come upon the believer'- 
when Jesus was on earth and we have the witness of 
tlio disciples who wrote the New Testament. 

The evidence of Jesus' works and tlie testimony of 
people who knew Him is adequate and convincing. 
People do not reject Jesus because the evidence of Hi.s 
claims is insufficient, but because they "will not" — 
that is, they do not want to — come to Him. People offer 
many "reasons" for rejecting the Gospel invitation: 
"I can't believe," "I don't understand," "I have my 
own opinion," and the like. Actually these reasons are 
nothing but e.xcuses. In the end, a girl rejects Christ 
because she does not want to receive Him. 

In 1829 a man named George Wilson was sentenced 
to death for robbing post office mail. President Jack- 
son pardoned him but he refused to accept the pardon. 
The U. S. Supreme Court ruled that unless ho accepted 
the pardon, it wasn't valid. Wilson refused again and 
lie was ordered hanged. God offers pardon to every 
sinner because of Christ's sacrifice. A man who will- 
fully rejects that pardon must pay the price of sin 
himself — and the "wages of sin is death." Won't you 
accept His pardon and receive His abundant life today ? 




For preparation: Read Genesis 1:1-5 and in the New 
Testament, read Mark 1:1 

T DO DECLARE, the evening newspaper, January 27, 
1969, reads like a page from the Old Testament. 
Inch high headlines read, "Iraq Hangs 14 Spies as 
Thousands Cheer." The article begins, "Iraq today 
publicly hanged 14 men, nine of them Jews, on charges 
that they spied for Israeli." Israeli Premier Levi Eshkol 
vowed "the Lord shall avenge their blood," and Iraq 
alerted its armed forces for a possible Israeli reprisal. 
The Jewish Premier continued, "O Daughter of Babylon 
that art to be destroyed, happy shall be he tliat repay- 
eth thee as tliou has served us: the Lord shall avenge 
their blood." 

So the Jew is back in the land again, back in the 
business of fighting his ancient enemies and calling 
upon the name of the Lord for revenge against those 
enemies, and we Christians who read and study our 
Bible know that Iraq or any other nation had better 
keep their hands off that troublesome Jew. for he is 
a tliorn and a stumbling l^lock to every nation wlio 
has ever threatened him. 

On the editorial page of the same evening paper is 
a long article discussing the return of prayer in public 
life, and special mention is made of the Genesis read- 
ing by the astronauts who went to tlie moon and of 
the repeated prayers in the inaugural ceremonies ot 
President Ni.xon. Just across the page is an account 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

of poor, demon-possessed Madilyn Murray who is spend- 
ing all her time and energy fighting Almighty God! 
Poor, deluded creature. And here is an article about 
the terrible floods and mud slides in California, and 
along with it is the comment of a famous scientist of 
the great fault in the earth which runs as far back 
as the Rocky Mountains. This scientist warns that this 
crevice in the earth is widening so rapidly tliat Los 
Angeles will slide into the sea within the next few 
years. So, we live in a time of change, in a time of 
beginnings, in a time of endings, in a time of trans- 
itions. Since we are now at the place where we are 
ready to change our Bible study from the book of 
Esther to the book of Ruth, this might be the place to 
interpose between these two Old Testament heroines, 
some comments upon the modern girl and her way 
of life. 

Everyone in our age is talking excitedly of all the 
"firsts" we are seeing each day, of great new begin- 
nings. In the midst of all this talk, my mind fastened 
upon those tremendous words of Genesis 1:1, "In the 
beginning — God." My, what a statement, what a 
mouthful, "In the beginning — God." At this very 
mom?nt, out of the unfatliomable blue, the great canopy 
of space, came the strong, certain voice of a man, a 
twentietli-century astronaut repeating the age-old words, 
"In the beginning God created the heaven and the 
earth. And the earth was without form or \oid: and 
darkness was upon the face of the deep." 

Thousands upon thousands of years after Moses had 
written these words, here was a modern man of 
science in a marvelous and fantastic space ship, utter- 
ing those very same words, not on earth, but in the 
very shadow of the great moon he flies and proclaims 
the Word of God to the wise Old Man in the Moon. "In 
the beginning — God." The very first words to drift 
into the atmosphere of the moon was the Word of 
God in the voice of a man. So suddenly, we Christians 
find this ancient Bible as certain as yesterday, as 
recent as today, and as modern as tomorrow. This has 
always been so. God's people have always been rocket 
riders in mind and spirit, and now they are in body. 
God has always used atomic energy and guided mis- 
siles; only, we're just slow to find it out. 

There are many passages on space phenomenon in 
the Bible. One on atom smashing is found in II Peter 
3:10, "The heavens shall pass away with a great noise 
and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the 
earth also and th? works that are therein shall be 
burned up." This foretells the Day of the Lord which 
is coming, probably in a most modern manner. 

So everyone of us today from grandfather to the 
little child has liis eyes focused on the heavens. Just 
as those cliosen few several thousand years ago saw 
a marvelous star in the east, so are we seeing marvel- 
ous things in our sky. I was walking liome from my 
brothers one cold night after Christmas. Oh, it was 
so cold, but it felt so good. The icy wind stung my 
cheeks, and the warm blood coursed swiftly througli 
my body. I was alive inside and out in a most 
compelling fashion, fully alert to the secrets of the 
night. The streets were deserted but lights streamed 
from every cozy home. The moon sailed high in the 
heaven; the stars twinkled more brightly than Jackie 
Onassis' fabulous emerald ear rings, and I felt like 

shouting to that brilliant old moon, "Hey there, you 
old moon, you're not so far away after all." I wondered 
what everyone would say if I pounded on all those 
briglitly-decorated doors and shouted to the people to 
come on out and look at God's night. 

Well, you know that God's people have always been 
stargazers from way back. We've long been air-borne. 
Our eyes have ever searched the sky, for beyond that 
sky are the purple hills of home and a wonderful I 
unexplored new world. We're going there one of these ' 
days. We're curious. We wonder. God's people are 
always curious, always thinking, always wondering, 
always seeking, always adventuring. We seek no con- 
tinuing city here. We're always moving on, just like 
our God. 

You remember that for 6,000 years man's speed was 
limited to that of a horse, but in the 20th century we 
graduated from the horse to supersonic air craft, 
intercontinental ballistics, missiles, and now space ships 
cruise the heavens; and travel between planets will 
come more quickly than we realize. 

In the United States today, the rocket is now the 
symbol of our great power, but you know what it says 
in our Bible? In the 16th verse of Romans 1, it says 
that the power of God is the Gospel of Jesus Christ. 
By the way, the word "power" is taken from the Greek 
word which means dynamite. Therefore, the power or 
dynamite of God is the Gospel, not the rocket. You 
all know how dynamite works. When the electric 
switch is pulled the dynamite explodes into a mighty 
force which moves everything within sight, and we 
feel the good, solid earth tremble for miles around. 
Dynamite blasts away the sides of mountains, whole 
liills. It changes the course of powerful rivers. This 
past summer I was flabbergasted to see and to travel 
on that million-dollar highway which is blasted out of 
the side of the impassable San Juan mountain range 
in Colorado. I could hardly believe my eyes, and I 
could not conceive, even while I was looking at it, that 
men were actually able to do such a thing. 

Now, I'm not very well versed in aerodynamics, but 
you know and I know that a rocket is hurled into space 
l3y an explosion like the explosion of dynamite. Paul 
says that Jesus Christ has used the dynamite of His 
Father to blast open the gates of Hell, and overcome sin, 
the Devil and man's most dreaded enemy. Death. Jesus 
has also used this same dynamite to build a bridge in 
the sky, a skyline drive from this earth to the very 
throne of God, far beyond any place man will ever 
penetrate in space. Our scientists tell us that we can 
see only the small things of space, anyway. Our radar 
will not search out the things of the upper heavens. 
But for thousands of years men have been walkingi 
across that freeway in the sky from this world to the 
next. So you see, God has really been using the Gospel 
as a rocket from heaven to earth for many years.- 
Mark tells us that very thing in his introduction wheni 
he writes, "The beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christi 
the Son of God was the beginning of the good news 
to men." 

Yes, God's Word is like a rocket. It's dynamite. It's, 
powerful. It's active. Jesus Christ is also a rocket, thej 
Word of God made flesh. God says my Word shall! 
not return unto me void or empty. One of the mosti 
important things about the rocket is not just to hurl' 

February 15, 1969 

Page Seven 

it into space properly, but to get it to return to us. 
That was one of tlie really big scares of Apollo 8. Can 
it get back to earth safely? God's promise is that His 
Word hurled into the hearts and minds and lives of 
men shall return to Him bearing the precious redeemed 
live-3 of men. 

So that is why it is of the utmost importance that 
you and I learn the Word and teach it and talk it and 
preach it and live it. It does not matter how well or 
properly we .say it. We don't have to be as talented 
verballj' as a lawyer presenting his case. God will see 
that tlie truth we speak grows, that it works, that it 
brings people into His presence. We just sow the seed 
the very best way we can, and God will bring forth 
the crop in the best way there is. 

That old prophet Jeremiah says that God's Word is 
like a flame, or a fire. You know that when the atomic 
bomb explodes, it makes a huge fireball. Jeremiah 
also says that God's Word is like a crushing hammer. 
Ezekiel says God's Word is a life-giving energy like 
atomic energy. Isaiah says God's Word shall stand 
forever, which means that we'll probably be studying 
and learning about God forever. You know there is no 
end to God. No doubt, that is one of the things we'll 
be doing in the new life. 

So the Written Word of God in our Bible, and the 
Word of God in Jesus Clirist are like two rockets 
straight from heaven into the earthly existence of men. 
Let us look a minute at the word "guided" missile. 
The word guided is important, for if a missile would go 
into space completely out of control, or on its own, it 
aould crash and be destroyed, or else be lost in illimit- 
able space, and we would never see it again. A missile to 
be useful must bring back information to us, must be 
guided. The motivating power of God is His Holy 
Spirit. "Not by my might saith the Lord, but by my 
spirit shall all things be done." So Christian people 
listen to, seek out and act by the inspiration of God 
through His Spirit which Jesus gave to us at His 

On the way to the Garden, the apostles were very 
troubled and frightened. "If you leave us, what shall 
we ever do? If you go now, all will be lost." But He 
told them not to be afraid, that He would not leave them 
hopeless or helpless. "I will pray my Father, and He 
shall give you another, one called the Comforter, and 
he will abide with you forever. He is the Spirit of 
Truth whom the world cannot receive because it seeth 
him not, neither knoweth him, l)ut ye know him for 
he dwelletli in you, and shall stay with you forever." 
Thus, each of us is to be a missile of God, guided and 
sent into the lives of men by the power of God's Spirit. 
Rockets are very expensive too. They cost our govern- 
ment millions of dollars. The rocket from God to man 
was expensive, also. It cost Him the life of His Son. 

Not all rockets are good though. Some are destructive 
and used to destroy men. Satan in imitation of God has 
missiles and rockets also, for the Bible tells us that he, 
Satan, hurls fiery darts of hell at the Christian con- 
stantly. There are humans involved in Satan's space 
program also. Further, rockets cannot be useful if they 
never get off the ground. Some of them start off witli 
a great noise, whirl dust and materials in every 
direction, huff and puff at great length, them suddenlj' 
sputter a few times and die on the ground. Don't you 

fizzle out for God. Yes, God has always used rockets 
and guided missiles and atomic energy and the great 
mysteries of space have always been in His employ. 

Thus, in his Gospel, Mark reminds us that the 
beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of 
God, was the beginning of the good news to man, 
and John the Beloved wrote in his Gospel many years 
after Mark that "in the beginning was the Word, and 
the Word was with God and the Word was God." So, 
really, it's not very strange to have a modern astro- 
naut, standing on the threshold of the moon in the 
year 1968, repeating. "In the beginning — God." Wher- 
ever mankind goes, so will the Gospel of Jesus Christ 
who is the Word of God be preached, taught and 
told and retold as long as men have tongues. The 
most exciting story of this space age or any age, how 
God saves sinners, wiU be heard around the universe 
whether it is on this planet or some other. Salvation 
means to be saved rather than wasted, and men will 
always respond to this message, for it makes life count 
for something. There are no wasted lives in God. 

Yes, the missionary will always come, wherever 
people travel, wherever men are to be found. Whether 
it is by a space man in his fabulous craft, by a mi :- 
sionarj' with his precious book, by the layman with 
his hands of labor, the chemist with his laboratory, 
the woman with her family, the child with his song; 
it matters not. The glorious gospel of God will come 
with them. We can't stop it any more than we can 
stop the coming of the new year and the passing of 
the old. There are some things over which man has no 
control. The years come to us unbidden. The seasons 
follow their inevitable pattern. The tides ebb and flow 
and the universe continues on its inexorable way. God 
will come too. He is always spoken of as a "coming" 

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Pag:e Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 

God. We cannot stop Him. That is why the ranting, the 
legislature of a Mrs. Murray is so futile. In the 
ultimate, no one can slop God. Into the intermost parts 
of the jungle among savage tribes not yet discovered, 
into the remote corners of the hidden eastern lands, 
into the frozen interior of the Arctic waste land, some 
man, some messenger of God just like John the Baptist 
will someday find his way. There will always be a 
voice crying in the wilderness. 

When men go to the moon, and if men ever find 
another planet with intelligent life, it is not only pos- 
sible, it is definite that men of God will take a rocket 
ship to that far distant country. We have no real way 
of knowing how many men or civilizations before the 
birth of our own race stood on the circle of the planet 
we call earth and said, "In the beginning — God." A 
scliolarly man once remarked that we have no way of 
knowing how many times God "had plowed up this 
old earth, and planted again"; how many times He 
might have, as Jeremiah says, rooted out, pulled down, 
destroyed, thrown down, only to build and to plant 
again. We know only about our own race. We have 
no way of knowing how many space men shall stand 

on the threshold of some brand new venture and say 
"In the beginning — God." 

In the book of the Revelation, God says, "I am Alpha 
and Omega, the beginning and the end." So really, 
it's perfectly normal to find God at every new begin- 
ning in the life of mankind whether it be a scientific 
endeavor, a space program, or such a natural thing 
as the coming of the new year or the ending of the 
life of a man. 

Witii such a God as this, there is no reason for any 
Christian to be earth bound. There is no reason for 
us ever to be out-of-date or out-of-life. This space age 
is the most glorious time of all to serve the Lord. As 
I mentioned, Christians have always been air-borne 
in mind and spirit, and now we are air-borne in body. 
We have at last found the best time of all for the 
special dynamite of God — this explosive new age. "The 
time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; 
repent ye and believe the Gospel of God." 

P.S. Before next month's Bible Study, be sure 
and read the entire book of Ruth in preparation 
for the weeks ahead. Concentrate just now on the 
obvious story, names, places and main events. 

Signal Lights Program for March 

Prepared by Mrs. Alberta Holsinger 

Bible Theme: "BIBLE FRIENDS" 


Singing Time: 

"Jesus Loves Me" (Sing in Hausa 
and English) 

"Jesus Loves even Me" 
"Jesus Loves the Little Ones" 
"Jesus Loves the LLttle Children" 
(from Action I) 

Bible Time: 

Jesus, the Children's Friend 

(Have various pictures of Jesus 
and the children on the bulletin 

"We're going to see Jesus! We're 
going to see Jesus!" the children sang 
as they skipped down the road. 

"Stay close to us. Don't get too 
far ahead," called the mothers. Some 
of them were canying small babies. 
They were taking their children to 
see Jesus. They wanted Him to bless 

As they came near the place where 
Jesus was teaching they saw a large 
crowd of people. 

"Look!" said the children. "See all 
tho people?" 

"Yes," said the mothers. "These 
people wanted to see Jesus, too." 

The disciples saw the mothers ajid 
children trying to get through the 

"Go away," they said. "Don't bath- 
er Jesus. He is busy with the grown- 
ups. He doesn't hai\'e time for the 

Sadly the mothers turned away. 
Sadly the children followed. 

Then they heard the voice of Jesus 
saying, "Don't send the children 
away. Let them come to me. I love 
the children. I always harve time for 

Quickly the children ran to Jesus. 
With a glad smile the moithers took 
their babies to Him. 

He held the babies in His arms. 
He put His hands on the older chil- 
dren and blessed them. He was glad 
the children loved Him. 

Then the mothere and the children 
started home. 

"We have seen Jesus! We have 
seen Jesus!" sang the children as 
they skipped happily ahead of their 

"Yes," said a tiny girl, "and He's 
our friend!" 

—Based on Mark 10:13-16 

Memory Tmie: 

Lulse 18:16 

Today our memory verse tells us i 
what Jesus said to the disciples when i 
thej' were seaiding the children away. 

Febriiiirv 15. 1969 

Page Nine 

SDnic v\orrt.s ha\e a dit't'eri'nt mi';ni- 
ing now than they use to have. In 
this \-erse the word suffer doesn't 
mean to be in pain but it means to 

(Read the verse to the children. 
Give them copies of the verse to 
study. Review previous verses. I 

IVIission Time: 

HiRi Children at Worli and Play 

Higi children have work to do at 
home just as you do. 

The boys taJ<e care of the sheep 
and goats. They bring leaves for the 
animals to eat. They help their par- 
ents on the farm with the planting, 
hoeing, and harvesting. In the dry 
season, when there is no garden, they 
work with their fathers on repairing 
huts and mats and building new huts. 
Sometimes when everyone else is 
gone one of the boys may watch tlie 

Girls carry water from tlie well. 
They cany firewood into the com- 
pound. They help their mothers hoe. 
They help older folks in the co-m- 
pound. They help take care of the 
babies and young children. They 
grind the grain. 

Every day grain must be ground 
Into flour. The guinea com is pound- 
ed on a large stone wiith a small 
stone. Then it is sifted and reground 
to the right fineness. 

Both boys and girls often have small 
peanut farms of their own. They take 
care of these after they have finished 
their work for their parents. The 
money they make from tlie sale of 
the peanuts is their own. 

Higi children don't have a lot of 
playthings. Boys like to wrestle and 
play a game tliat is something like a 
ball game. The "ball" is a roimd 
piece of wood. The group divides into 
two sides. They face each other and 
everyone has a stick. They make a 
line behind each team and have one 
person guarding tlie line. The object 
is to hit the "ball" over the oppon- 
ents' line with your stick. 

The girls do not play this game. 
They like to make dolls out of leaves 
and sticks. Then they tie the dolls 
on their backs with rope. 

Boys and girls all around the 
world are vei-y much alike. They all 
have work to do at home. They all 
like to play with their friends and 
to make things. 

Prayer Time: 

Let us thank God that we can run 

and j>lay iind work. Let us thajik Him 
for our toys and the many other n'lrr 
Ihings we have. 

Let us ask God to help the Higi 
children to learn of Him. Let us ask 
Him to show us ways we can share 
the good news of His love. 

Business Time: 

1. Signal Lights motto. 

2. Roll Call. 

3. Discuss our project. 

4. Offering. 

5. Plan a party for ne.xt month. In- 
vite friends who do not go to 
chm-ch. Decide how you can 
share tlie news of Jesus with 
these friends. 

6. From 1948 to 1958 Jliss Veda 
Lisky served as a missionary 
nurse at Garkida, Nigeria. Write 

Id her. Thank hor for the work 
.'^he did in Nigeria. Tell her you 
are glad she was and is willing 
to serve God. Tell her ways yO'U 
are serving H^m. 

Handwork Time: 

A Higi Doll 

If it is a nice day the group will 
enjoy going for a w^alk to gather 
sticks and leaves to make a Higi doll. 
If they cannot go out you will need 
to have a supply of sticks and leaves 
ready for them. 

Let each child fashion a doM as the 
Higi girls do. A ball of leaves will 
form the head. Sticks will make the 
body, arms and leigs. 

Dress the doUs with leaves, if ycu 
Signal Liglits Benediction 


Sometime ago I chanced to hear 

A youthful teacher say, 

"There is no life beyond the grave; 

We simply rot away. 

Some men believ^e in God because 

They fear their dying day." 

We're paying men like this to show 

Our youth the road to Hell. 

Yes, paying more than we can know. 

And you can mark this well. 

We must wake up before we meet 

A fate no words can tell. 

Does he not know he has it wrong? 

It's quite the other way, 

For those who don' t believe in God 

Should fear the Judgment Day. 

"O foolish ones, how long, how long?" 

This is the prayer 1 pray. 

How cunningly tlie devil works 

As in our midst he creeps. 

To turn the hearts ajid minds of men; 

It seems he never sleeps. 

And, oh, the tears in heaven shed 

For every soul he reaps ! 

Norman iVlcPhei-son 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 

There is no 



following appeared in tlie Wichltai 

"Tiiere'll be bands and flags and floats! 
in Wichita's Veterans' Day parade Sat-i 
urday. There'll be disabled veterans, vet-i 
erans of all 20111 century wars and even' 
a few soldiers of the Spanish-American; 
War. I 

"But the veterans to vvliom the dayj 
may mean the most are veterans of the' 
'war to end all wars' — World War I. 
It's been half a century since 'the greatest 
war of all times' came to an end at the 
11th hour of the 11th day of the lltl 
month of 1918. 

"Five words on the front page of thai 
day's Wichita Daily Eagle told the story;, 
'Germans Shorn of All Power.' 

" 'Everything for which America fought 
has been accomplished,' read a proclal 
mation signed by Woodrow Wilson. Thd 
President's optimism was shared by th( 
populace. After all, Germany, 'the invin 
cible,' had been defeated. 

"In Wichita, Mayor L. W. Clapp declari 
ed the day, beginning at noon, a 'peac« 
day.' The Eagle predicted: 'Tonight prom 
ises to be the liveliest time even seen ii 
Wichita.' Furthermore, 'everyone who i 
able' will be out on the streets 'arme« 
with a dish pan, a horn, a frying par 
a rattler or anything else which wil 
make noise.' " 

I remember the end of World War IJI 
I remember hearing much the sami 
kind of talk referred to in the abov' 
article about World War I. All businessej 
were closed, everybody came down towj 
with all the noisemakers they could fin<( 
Never in all my life have I seen a tumu4 

ppbniarv 15, 19fi9 

Page Eleven 

1(1 malcli it. All were joyous, happy, cele- 
brants of the tremendous victory that 
was at last going to assure a peaceful 
world in which to live. War was dead. 
Never again would nation rise up against 

Much hope was generated wlicn tlie 
United Nations was successfully organ- 
ized. But soon the relationship of the 
World War II allies, The United States 
and the Soviet Union began to cool off, 
and we were involved in what was called 
a "cold war." In the 50's it was the Korean 
Conflict (war), and now in the 60's, the 
Viet Nam War. This is to say nothing 
of the many skirmishes all over the world 
in between these wars. Again the words 
in Jeremiah have relevance centuries later 
— "Peace, peace, when there is no peace" 

After thousands of years, man still has 
not found the secret of living with one 
another peaceably. Man never will until 
Christ conies again! This fact, however, 
does not absolve us from the God-given 
responsibility to "live peaceably with all 

What dunensiou does this take in our 

What about war? What about the 
scriptural teachings that we should re- 
turn good for evil? What about our 
relationship with God? 

The Brethren Church is a peace church. 

At the 1967 General Conference, we 
went on record as endorsing the follow- 
ing recommendations from the Peace and 
World Relief Committee: 

"That as a means of continued support 
to our young men who cannot conscient- 
iously bear arms or serve in the armed 
forces, we again register our opposition 
to war and carnal conflicts — our historic 
Brethren peace position. 

"That the Conference Secretary file a 
copy of this report with the Departments 
of State and Defence in Washington, 
D.C.; and that a copy of his correspond- 
ence be filed with the chairman of this 

In the early history of the Brethren 
Church was a man by the name of James 
Naas, who was tortured for refusing to 
enlist in the Prussian army. When 
questioned as to why he refused military 
service, he replied, "Because I cannot as 
I have long ago enlisted in the noblest 
and best army; and I cannot become a 
traitor to my King." 

Elder Christopher Sower suffered im- 
poverishment because of his stand. His 
large and flourishing printing establish- 
ment as well as other businesses were 
confiscated and he was left impoverished 
and homeless. 

The stand of conscientious objection to 
war and bearing arms, and a stand for 
peace, can effectively be nothing other 
than a matter of the individual conscience. 
I have long felt that any young man 
who chose to take this stand has every 
right to do so. The Constitution and 
Laws of the United States give protection 
to any young man who feels honestly 
and sincerely that it is not God's will for 
him to be involved in the shedding of 
another man's blood. I have always been 
more than willing to help any such 
young man in pursuing his rights as a 
citizen of the United States. This is, 
however, the first time I have so indicated 
in a sermon. 

Each year, as I grow older, I see more 
and more the futility of war, and become 
more and more a "Christian Pacifist." 

Now, I am a veteran of the United 
States Army. I still remember my serial 
number (NG 23819026). I served during 
the Korean Conflict, but not in Korea. 
That decision, however, was not mine to 
make. It was just that the 28th was not 
sent to Korea. I do not regret my time 
in the Army, in fact I enjoyed it, and 
almost re-enlisted when my time was up. 
I never went AWOL, nor was I ever a 
deserter. I was fortunate to work up to 
tlie rank of Staff Sergeant, E-5. I have 
never burned my draft card, burned Old 
Glory, or in any way desecrated my 
country. I'm proud of my country. 

"Christian Pacificism" has nothing to 
do with one's loyalty to his country. It 
lias rather to do with honesty with his 
own soul and conscience and God. I 
therefore pledge today, that for any 
young man who conscientiously feels it 
is not God's will for him to bear arms or 
to serve in the armed forces, I will help 
him in any way to follow his conscience. 
I invite any young man who is thus 
interested to speak with me about this 

It is not my purpose today to persuade 
you against your conscience, but if God 
has spoken to you about this important 
issue of the Christian life, I am available 
for counsel. 

What about the scriptural teachings that 
we should return good for evil? 

Take a moment to read Romans 12:17- 
21. "Recompense to no man evil for evil. 
. . . Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith 
the Lord ... Be not overcome of evil, 
but overcome evil with good." 

You see, Brethren, it is not just enough 
to be against war. God wants us also to 
lie for good. 

The Conscientious Objector finds that 
Alternative Service is the dimension his 
stand takes in his life. Instead of two 

Page Twelve 

The Brethren Evangelist 

yt<ais in I he armed forces, he gix (>s two 
years of his life In s(^rve his fellow man 
for good. There are many ways this is 
done. To illustrate, I would like to share 
with you the lives of two Brethren young 
men who have selected this route of ex- 
pressing God's love rather than man's 

Clair Miller is the son of Rev. and Mrs. 
Percy Miller of Dayton, Ohio. When he 
registered with the Selective Service 
Board, he registered as a Conscientious 
Objector. When he passed his physical 
e.xamination, the Draft Board told him 
that he should begin looking for a posi- 
tion in a hospital or church home or 
county home right away. This he did, and 
on January 14, 1966, he was informed that 
he had been accepted by Dettmer Hospital, 
near Troy, Ohio. He began to serve his 
two years on January 31, 1966. He started 
at the hospital as an orderly in the Phy- 
sical Therapy department, working with 
the patients who were confined to long- 
term recovery section. In early April he 
was offered a job in the admitting and 
medical records offices. Earl offers this 
suggestion: "I would recommend that 
anyone else begin all these proceedings 
early, including the registration witli the 
Draft Board as a C. O." 

Steve Haller is a member of the Hag- 
erstown Brethren Church. In his earlj- 
college days he began to wrestle with 
the issue of Christian Pacifism. He read 
literature on the subject. He studied the 
Bible looking for God's will with a 
determination to base his decision on the 
example and teachings of Christ. He con- 
cluded that His way was always to love 
others sacrifically, never violence. The 
example of Christ indicated to him that 
military service is incompatible with the 
will of God, since the ultimate purpose 
of the military is to kill and to destroj- 
the enemj'. 

He was ordered to report to New 
Windsor, Maryland, on January 3, 1967, 
to begin his two years of civilian work 
in lieu of military service. After two 
months of training, he was sent to Beth- 
any Hospital on the west side of Chicago. 
It is a typical inner-city ghetto neighbor- 
hood with its population of about 96 per 
cent of the people of the Negro race. 
Living standards are low and the rate of 
crime and violence is high. 

He ,ser\es ;is ;i genei'al order'h In I he 

Out of liis own heart he says, "If wt' 
are to serve Christ in an effective manner, 
we have to forget our narrow-minded 
selfish way of living and learn to live 
sacrifically — giving ourselves unreserved 
ly in service to others." 

A man who had purchased a farm was 
approached by one of his neighbors whc 
claimed that the fence separating theii 
properties was actually ten feet on his 
side of the actual line. He violentlj 
informed the new owner that he was 
prepared to go to the courts with the 
matter. His new neighbor replied, "That 
won't be necessary, we'll just move the 
fence." Whereupon the irate man turnec 
a complete about-face and said, "Thai 
fence stays right where it is!" 

"Recompense to no man evil for evil 
Overcome evil with good." 

There is yet a third dimension thi: 
matter of peace must take in our lives— 
our relationship with God. First, we mus 
be at peace with God. How can we be a 
peace with our friends and relatives, i, 
we are not first at peace with God. The: 
how can we possibly love and be at peaC' 
with enemies, if we cannot be peaceff 
with our friends, and God? 

Amazingly, God has taken the initiativ 
in these peace talks. "Therefore, bein 
justified by faith, we have peace wit 
God through our Lord Jesus Christ 
(Romans 5:1). The person who is include: 
in Jesus Christ has this peace with Goi 
This faith calls for trust in God. Isaia' 
many centuries ago observed, "Thou wij 
keep him in perfect peace whose mir 
is stayed on thee: because he trustet' 
in thee" (Isaiah 26:3). Surely this meai 
peace with God and with oneself. Doi- 
it not also mean that God will help maL 
possible for him to be at peace wi 
others as well? The psalmist declare 
"Great peace have they which love tl. 
law; and nothing shall offend them" (Fj 
119:165). When the child of God h' 
found peace with God in Christ, this pea 
must find expression toward his fellci 

Brethren, let us e.xpress that peace \j 
affirm through lives that are rooted a, 
grounded in the love of God. Lives tl" 
cannot be offended, no matter what, Liv 
that can love the unlovely. Lives tl"! 
live the love of God. 


Ephesians 3:18 



i'ebruarj' 15, 1969 

Page Thirteen 


ames E. Norris 

Program for March 



or devotions: Genesis 1 


The topic of tiiis study could have been, "Stop, Look, 
isten." This is an old familiar sign to most of us. How 
'ell it could be applied today. Most of us are too bus\- 
) do that. In this first chapter of Genesis, we are 
ware of two things: namely, what God said and what 
od did. To begin with, the Bible does not question 
le existence of God; it does not question tlie autliority 
t God, and it admits the oneness and tlie plurality of 
lod. Example (v. 26a), "And God said, Let us make 
lan in our image, after our likeness." This was no 
Doner done than man began to rebel against God, and 
a5 been in rebellion to this day. 

'epics for discussion: 

. God spoke to Moses and the people (Ex. 19). 
Verse 5-6, "Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice 
tdeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a 
eculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the 
arth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of 
riests, and an holy nation. These are the words which 
lou Shalt speak unto the children of Israel." Moses 
ailed the people together and "Moses brought forth 
lie people out of the camp lo meel witli God; . . . and 
lount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the 
;0rd descended it in fire. . . and the whole mount 

quaked greatly" (vs. 17-18). And the Lord descended 
on the mountain, and spoke to Moses. Shortly after 
this the Lord gave Moses the Ten Commandments. 
God spoke to Job out of the whirlwind, enumerating 
His mighty works, and showing Job how little he knew 
(Job 38). 

2. God spoke to Elijah. 

God spoke to Elijah after he had slain the prophets 
of Baal. The rains came; King Ahab was glad, but 
Jezebel was bent on revenge, and threatened to take 
Ehjalt's life before sundown of the next day. Elijah 
fled to Beersheba, and, exhausted, rested under a 
juniper tree. There he was ministered unto by an angel. 
After forty days Elijah was spoken to by the Lord. 
(Read I Kings 19:9-18.) The voice of God was not in 
the rocks, nor the wind, nor the earthquake, nor the 
fire — but in the still small voice. 

3. God spoke to Ezeklel. 

Ezekiel heard tlie voice of the Ahnighty in his vision 
of the cherubims and wheels (Ezek. 1). 

At the baptism of Jesus, there was manifested the 
trinity. "And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up 
straightway out of the waters: and, lo, the heavens 
were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God 
descending like a dove, and lighting upon liim: And 
lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved 
son, in whom I am well pleased" (Matt. 3:16-17). 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

4. God spoke to Paul (Acts 9:1-7). 

(This was Jesus speaking, but it seems Paul was the 
only one who understood.) This is followed bj' the 
vision of Ananias. 

5. The coming of Christ foretold (Rev. 1:710). 

His message to you and I, "Behold, I stand at tha 
door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open 
the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, 
and he with me. To him that overcometh will I grant 
to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame. 

and am set down with my Father in his throne. He 
that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith 
unto the churches" (Rev. 3:20-22). 

"Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the 
devil, and he will flee from you. Draw nigh to God, 
and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye 
sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded" 
(James 4:7-8i. 

In closing. Listen! and know the voice of God. Look! 
God is everywhere; can be seen everywhere, see him 
when vou look at your own self. Read Genesis 1:27. 



Princeton, N.J. (EP) — Chiu-ch at- 
tendance in the United States de- 
clined slightly in 1968 but stiU re- 
mains higher than attendances re- 
ported before World War II, accord- 
ing to the Gallup PoU. 

Based on seven national polls tak- 
en during 1968, the report discdoses 
that 50 million persons, or 43 per 
cent of all Americans attended 
church on Sundays. This represents a 
d:T,[) of 2 per cent from 1967. It is 

fur below the peak figure of 49 per 
cent in 1958, but is higher tlian the 
1940 figure of 37 per cent. 

In 1968, the percentage for Catih- 
(jlic attendance was 65, ajid 38 per 
cent for Protestants. The decluie in 
church attendance among Catholics 
over the past ten years has been 9 
per cent while that of Protestants has 
been 5 per cent. 

Most of this decline, acsoTding to 
Ihe Gallup Poll, is due to nonattend- 
pnce by young adults. The breakdown 
according to age groups for 1968 fol- 

lows : 

Age Attendance 

21-29 years 34 per cent 
30-49 46 per cent 

50 and over 44 per cent 
The higher the education of the 
adult the greater the probability he 
wUl attend church on Sundays, Gal- 
lup said. Forty-se^'en per cent of 
those who went to coUege attend 
church. While only 43 per cent of 
those with a high school education 
and 41 per cent of those with a gram- 
mer school education attend. 


Give to this offering! 

The New Brethren's Home 

February 15, 1969 

Page Fifteen 

House Divided: 
Escape from Reason 


WILL drugs become the sacrament of 
the nineteen seventies? Is a drop 
of LSD on a sugarcube destined to re- 
place the bread of Holy Commimion? 
Why does Dr. George Gallup attribute 
the shrinking numbers at worship ser- 
vices to "non-attendance by young 
adults"? Must college students rebel? Is 
anarchy around the corner? 

These questions resolve themseh'es into 
the single issue of the generation gap — 
no mere crack between the floorboards, 
but a chasm 400 years wide. Parents in 
the evangehcal churches are living in the 
thought world inlierited from the 16tli 
century biblical Reformation, while their 
children are almost totally products of 
this century. We think as separate cul- 
tures and speak in different languages. 
Until church leaders, students, and their 
parents know how 20th century man 
thinks — and understand why — the situ- 
ation will not improve. 

This is the thesis of an exciting new 
writer in evangelical circles. Dr. Francis 
A. Schaeffer. Formerly an agnostic and 
later a pastor in this country. Dr. 
Schaeffer lives with his wife in the Swiss 
Alps (yes, he climbs them). There, and 
in lecture appearances at universities on 
both sides of the Atlantic, he carries on 
a unique ministry. He is a pastor-teacher 
of seekers — mostly young intellectuals — 
who want to consider at a high level the 
claims of historic Christianity. Not all 
are believers, either when they enter or 
when they leave his village, but some stay 
to study with him for extended periods 
of time. 

Last year Inter-Varsity Press released 
two significant books by Dr. Schaeffer. 
He contends in them that we must learn 
the language and the thought-forms of 
contemporary philosophy, art, music, lil- 
erature, and theology if we aim at "speak- 
ing historic Christianitj' into the twentieth 
centurv." Just as a missionarv must 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

learn the culture of the land \vhere he 
serves, so it Is imperative that we come 
to understand the non-Christian world to 
which we must minister. Without this 
there can be no meaningful communica- 
tion of our faith. The Brethren Church 
could be quietly revolutionized if pastors, 
seminarians, parents, and teachers of the 
15-35 age group would begin now to work 
tln-ough these volumes and apply their 
insiglits — tliey are that important. Escape 
from Reason, the first, describes the 
thinl-iing of modern man and traces its 
antecedents. The book is short (96 pages i 
but surveys an impressive cultural 

The Two-Story Family 

Dr. Schaeffer begins with Thomas 
Aquinas, the 13th century Dominican 
whose Sumnia Tlieologica remains a 
standard te.xt of orthodox Roman Cath- 
olicism. Basing his thought on Scripture 
and on Aristotle, Thomas divided man's 
house of knowledge into two stories, 
nature and grace. Grace is the upper, in 
wliich revelation instructs us about God, 
heaven, the soul, unity, the invisible. 
Nature, the lower story, is the home of 
reason, whicli can measure and come to 
know man, his body, the earth, diversity, 
the visible. Although the house of know- 
lodge is divided, there is a unity between 
the storiss, God and man communicating 
and interacting on both le\'els. 

Thomas taught tliat man's unredeemed 
will is sinful, but not his intellect. His 
mind is free, unaffected by the Fall, and 
it can discover all necessary truth in the 
first floor of his house, the realm of 
nature. It is Schaeffer's proposition tliat 
this division of knowledge, coupled with 
belief in man's self-sufficient mind 
(Thomas' "incomplete view of the Bib- 
lical Fali"), opened the door to later 
study of theology apart from .Scripture, 
to philosophy vvitliout revelation, and to 
the current climate of despair. 

How so? Because self-assertion is the 
Iieart of sin. It is a declaration of inde- 
pendence from God, a denial that we are 
His creatures and therefore depend on 
I-fim. Whenever man or any part of liim 
is considered autonomous — self sufficient 
and not needing the Lordship of the 
Creator — tliat spirit of self-assertion will 
extend itself until finally its rebellion 
obliterates God from human awareness. 
"The point to be stressed is that, when 
nature is made autonomous, it is destruc- 
tive. As soon as one allows an autono- 
mous realm one finds that the lower 
element begins tu eat up the higher" 
(p. 161. 

The Renaissance of the 14th to the 
early 16th centuries was gloriously hu- 
manistic. Starting with man as the fixed 
point of reference, the Renaissance tried 
to build up and out from particulars to 
universals, for man must find some 
concept which will give significant unity 
to life. This helps to explain, says 
Scliaeffer, why the greatest Renaissance 
genius, Leonardo da Vinci, completed so 
few paintings — he insisted tliat eacli one 
reveal not a single subject, but a univer- 
sal idea. (Take the Mona Lisa, for 
example. It is simply a portrait of Lisa 
Gherardini, or does it reveal something 
true of all women?) Leonardo died des- 
pondent because he could not find any 
reasoned, man-based way to unite tlie two 
stories and so move from man to God. 
His was the glory and the tragedy of 
the Renaissance. 

The 16th century Protestant Reformers, 
on the other hand, maintained from 
Scripture that sin affects man's mind 
as well as his will, so that his thinking 
is not free and independent and self- 
governing. "Only God is autonomous." 
Starting from himself, man cannot find 
a reasoned unity for the divided house 
of knowledge, for this thinking is flawed 
by sin. His first purpose must be to 
glorify God and to enjoy Him. This will 
include accepting His authoritative word 
about man and earth as well as about 
heaven Isola scriptural. It also will mean 
admitting that our minds cannot contri- 
bute to our redemption, for Christ ac- 
complished that in Jerusalem and gra- 
ciously offers it to "the empty hands of 
faith" (sola fide). 

In other words, medieval Scholastic 
thought lived "upstairs" with the soul 
more important than the body, heaven 
more real than earth, and grace superior 
to nature. Renaissance humanism moved 
"downstairs," emphasizing the particulars 
of this world — the body, the earth, nature 
— lioping, but failing, to unite the stories 
by the power of reason. The Reformers 
said no to both: God made the whole 
man. He is interested in the whole man, 
sin affects the whole man, redemption 
extends to the whole man, and God will 
yet be Lord of the whole man in the now 
heaven and new earth. 

"What the Reformation tells us, there- 
fore, is that God has spoken in the 
Scriptures concerning both the 'upstairs' 
and the 'downstairs.' He spoke in a true 
revelation concerning Himself — heavenly 
things — and He spoke in a true revelation 
concerning nature- -the comos and man. 
Tlierefoi'e, they liad a real unity of 
knowledge" (p. 23). 

February 15, 1969 

Page Seventeen 

Separate Apartments 

A shift of enormous proportions occur- 
red in the 18th and 19th centuries accord- 
ing to Dr. Schaeffer. The situation had 
become secularized. The concept of man's 
free, self-directed mind controlled all 
investigation; divine revelation was 
thouglit to be unnecessary. Nature had 
pulled grace from the upper floor so that 
what emerged was a lower-storj' idea of 
the universe as a self-contained machine. 
(The 18th century was the age of the 
deists, who believed that, having created 
the world, God now allows it to operate 
according to programed laws. He takes 
no hand in it, thus ruling out all activity 
such as prophecy and miracles. Incar- 
nation and Resurrection.) 

"But, though a determinism was in- 
volved in the lower story, there was still 
an intense longing after human freedom. 
However, now human freedom was seen 
as autonomous also. . . The individual's 
freedom is seen not only as freedom 
without the need of redemption, but as 
absolute freedom" (p. 33). Since the self- 
governing machine of nature already 
occupied the downstairs, man installed 
autonomous freedom upstairs in place of 
the no-longer-needed divine grace. (But 
the enthronement of absolute freedom 
always leads either to personal insanity 
or to corporate anarchy. Its result in the 
18th century was the godless bloodbath 
of the French Revolution and Reign of 
Terror, i 

Instead of the unity he sought for his 
house of knowledge, man now had two 
separate apartments, each self-contained, 
with no way of moving between the lower 
autonomy of nature and the upper au- 
tonomy of freedom. But how do you live 
in a world where there are two ultimate 
authorities, each demanding absolute 
loyalty? No man can be slave to two 
masters. Since Aristotelian logic had fail- 
ed to find a man-based unity in tlie world, 
G. VV. F. Hegel proposed changing the 
laws of logic. As there was no agreement 
on an either-or basis, why not try both- 
and? Bring together two opposing ideas, 
take something from each, and with it 
create a third idea, a synthesis. E.xit, 
absolutes; enter, relativism. Exit, true-or- 
false; enter, it-all-depends. (This became 
the philosophical basis of Mar.xism. i 

Anyone Upstau-s? 

Man in the 19th century completely 
gave up the searcli for a reasoned way 
of uniting upstairs and down. Considering 
everything upstairs to be non-rational, he 
confined logical thought to the lower 
level. The upper story was sealed off with 
reinforced concrete, for revelation was 

now thought to be impossible if it means 
rational communication between God and 
man. Soren Kierkegaard finally concluded 
that reason cannot yield a unifying syn- 
thesis between opposing ideas on even 
tlie lower level. So man became a recluse 
lioled up in the first story of his house, 
a captive in the mechanical world. Here 
there is no meaning, no significance, no 
purpose, no unity, no final answer. There 
is only pessimism. 

(The late T. S. Eliot once put it this 

Endless invention, endless 

Brings knowledge of motion, but not 

of stillness; 
Knowledge of speech, but not 

of silence; 
Knowledge of words, and ignorance 

of the Word. . . 
Where is the Life we have lost 

in living? 
Where is the wisdom we have lost 

in knowledge? 
Where is the knowledge we have 
lost in information? I 

How can man live with himself in such 
a box? Either he ends up in nihilism, 
knowing and believing nothing; or he 
ekes out a barren existence, despairing 
of reason below while blindly hoping for 
a reason above; or he attempts a mystical 
leap of faith, hoping in it to contact 
Whatever may be upstairs. 

Existential pliilosophy and its 20th 
century religious oflspring, neo-orthodox 
tlieology and radical God-is-dead theology, 
opt for the third alternative. They call 
for a non-rational leap to the non-rational 
upper story, but because it is non-rational 
they cannot describe or define either the 
jump or what it discloses. By their rules 
it is impossible for us and God (If He 
really is there) to interact in any reason- 
ed, verifiable way. "The essence of mod- 
ern man lies in his acceptance of a two- 
level situation, regardless of what words 
or symbols are used to express this. In 
the area of reason man is dead and his 
only hope is some form of a leap that is 
not open to consideration by reason. 
Between these two levels there is no 
point of contact" (p. 64). 

According to this view, a person may 
say that he has had an encounter with 
the Man Upstairs — an experience of Him 
or with Him — but he cannot witness to 
its content. Such a happening is purely 
personal, subjective, non-rational, non- 
logical. Why? Because what can be stated, 
examined, and proved or disproved is 
limited by definition to the downstairs. 
Such an undefined mystical leap to the 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

upper story can thus never be tested or 

This, then, is contemporary man as Dr. 
Schaeffer sees him. This is man in des- 
pair on the left bank of the Seine and on 
both sides of tlie Iron Curtain. This is 
the city of man in vvliich Brethren are 
called to minister. Having escaped from 
revelation into reason, only to find it 
unable to provide significant answers, 
man is now attempting an Escape from 
Reason in order to seek the meaning of 
Ills existence in tlie non-reasoning and 
non-reasonable. It matters little what 
name or content is assigned to the "up- 
stairs" — the despairing, unreasoning leap 
is the same. 

Schaeffer supports this diagnosis with 
numerous examples from the creative 
disciphnos of art, music, literature, films, 
and theater, as well as from general 
culture. The range of his illustrative 
knowledge is breath-taking. Some of his 
more recent examples: Sartre, linguistic 
analysis, and the later Heidegger in phil- 
osophy: Happenings in art; the Beatles 
and Bernstein in music; the pornogra- 
phers and Capote in literature; Antonioni, 
Bergman, and Fellini in films; the 
theater of the absurd in drama; and 
Marshall McLuhan in general culture. 

New Theology, New Morality 

Theology is part of the modern scene 
too. Following Hegel's both-and synthesis 
and Kierkegaard's leap of faith, the pupils 
of Karl Barth hold that "the Bible con- 
tains mistakes, but we are to believe it 
anyway. 'Religious truth' is separated 
from the historical truth of the Scriptures. 
There is no place for reason and there is 
no point of verification. This constitutes 
the leap in religious terms" (p. 51). Some 
evangelicals have contended that these 
points are unimportant — "what matters 
is an encounter with Jesus. When a 
Christian has made such a statement he 
lias, in an analysed or unanalysed form, 
moved upstairs" (p. 76). 

Such views may use scriptural terms 
I Jesus, God, resurrection"), they may 
break up on the rock of Pontius Pilate's 
question, "What is truth?" 

"If what is placed upstairs is separted 
rationality, if the Scriptures are not dis- 
cussed as open to verification where they 
touch the cosmos and history, why should 
one then accept the evangelical upstairs 
any more than the upstairs of the modern 
radical theology? On what basis is the 
choice to be made? Why should it not 
just as well be an encounter under the 
name Vishnu? Indeed, wliy should one 
not seek an experience, wiihuut tile use 
of any such words, in a drug e.xperience?" 

I p. 77). 

Careful definition is out in the new- 
style theology; connotation is in. Defined 
terms belong downstairs; upstairs general 
associations are employed. Schaeffer cites 
tlie frequent, fervent use of the word 
"Jesus" by the adherents of the new 
morality. "It is now Jesus-like to sleep 
with a girl or a man, if she or he needs 
you. As long as you are trying to b.? 
human you are being Jesus-like to sleep 
with the other person, at the cost, be it 
noted, of breaking the specific morality 
which Jesus taught. But to these men 
tills does not matter, because that is 
downstairs in the area of rational script- 
ural content" (p. 78). 

The result is that "the word 'Jesus,' 
separated from the content of the Script- 
ures, has become the enemy of the Jesus 
of history, the Jesus who died and rose 
and who is coming again and who is the 
eternal Son of God. So let us take care. 
If evangeUcal Christians begin to slip into 
a dichotomy, to separate an encounter 
with Jesus from the content of the 
Scriptures (including the discussable and 
the verifiable), we shall, without intend- 
ing to, be throwing ourselves and the next 
generation into the millstream of the 
modern system. This system surrounds 
us as an almost monolithic consensus" 
(p. 79). 

What Dr. Schaeffer has accomplished, 
therefore, is to illuminate in a striking, 
contemporary way the biblical demand 
for truth in doctrine as well as for love 
in practice. In a concluding chapter which 
contains some almost lyric paragraphs he 
makes it plain that he is not out to 
demolish what is happening today. He is 
trying to understand the current Escape 
from Reason in order to bridge the gen- 
eration chasm, communicate the good 
news, and witness to the full life Christ 
came to bring. He has no illusions — the 
price is costly in terms of study and 
exposure and patience. 

"So what is said in this book is not 
merely a matter of intellectual debate. It 
is not of interest only to academics. It is 
utterly crucial for those of us who are 
serious about communicating the Christ- 
ian gospel in the twentieth century" 
(p. 94). 

This little volume and its larger com- 
panion. The God Who Is There (to be 
reviewed in a future article), are as 
important for us today as Erich Sauer's 
trilogy was fifteen years ago. They have 
I he same panoramic .scope and telescopic 
depth- Ignoring these bool<s will mean 
retusiiig tu turn on the lights while con- 
tinuing to curse the darkness. 

Febriiarj 15, 196» 

Fage NiDeteen 





Brethren Church 


FIVE YEARS AGO a new venture began 
in Herndon, Virginia, for The Breth- 
ren Cliureh and for the new pastor and 
his wife. The venture was not because a 
church was to be established, but because 
of the manner in which the work was to 
begin. A pastor was hired and placed on 
the basic assumption that a Brethren 
Church could be established in Herndon 
and that the need of the community just- 
ified the building of an evangelical church. 
Unlike other new churches there was no 
Brethren nucleus with which to start. In 
fact, there was not even the beginning of 
a congregation with which the pastor 
could begin his work. 

Perliaps my wife and I were just too 
young to know any better, but at the time 
this was not at all forbidding! We had 
entered the venture with faith and enthus- 
iasm so that nothing seemed insurmount- 
able and, indeed, God has not disappointed 
us. There have been problems and there 
will continue to be more problems from 
the simple fact that God builds His 
Church with human flesh with all its 
weaknesses; but these last five years are 
dramatic evidence tliat God works in spite 
of us and that He is doing His work in 
our present time! 

When aU of this began in the Fall of 
1963, the parsonage served as family 
residence and church building. This type 
of arrangement can make your home a 
most interesting place in which to live. 
In fact, you have never really completely- 
experienced a Vacation Bible School pro- 
gram until you bring about 35 children 
between the ages of 4 and 11 into your 
home for three hours every morning for 
five straight days. This is exactly what 
happened in the month of June in 1964 
and 1965. Believe me, this is an incom- 
parable event! 

Our first worship service did not 
exactly overwhelm us with numbers of 
people. This service was held November 
24, 1963 with an attendance of 7 including 

I'age Twenty 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the pastor and his wife. Later at Christ- 
mas we had a candleliglit service with 3 
adults and 3 children present, but this 
does not deter one from proclaiming the 

As I stood before the congregation last 
Sunday, January 26th, an attendance of 
71 made these earlier days seem somewhat 
remote. Since moving into a new building 
on Easter Sunda.s' 196G, those days of 
crowding into our home are gone. Our 
building will seat 180 people in worship 
and has 11 classrooms plus a study for 
the pastor. At the moment our classroom 
space is being used to the fullest and even 
the pastor's study doubles as a junior 
high classroom. In truth, we have no extra 
Sunday school class space. 

The building of a church membership 
comes slowly and we report at the present 
38 members. The reason behind this is 
that the Brethren Church is not very well 
known in this area of Virginia. These 
people have come from many varied back- 
grounds and for most this is the first they 
have ever taken active part in a church. 
In the good sense of the word, we have 
become quite an "ecumenical" body of 
Christ. Our people come from Methodist, 

Presbyterian, Baptist, Evangelical United 
Brethren, Disciples of Christ, Episcopalian, 
Grace Brethren and a few (3) from the 
Brethren Church. The attraction to these 
people has been our Bible-centered min- 
istry of Christian education and preaching. 

Hemdon is a growing community. At 
the latest census report, Herndon was 
declared the fastest growing community 
in Virginia. There is rapid growth on 
every side of the town and the projections 
for the future are almost frightening. 
Since moving into Herndon, the population 
has doubled from 3500 to 7000. As I sit 
in my study to write this article, I can 
count 25 new homes being built on streets 
next to our church lot. 

The prospects for a bright future at the 
Cliandon Brethren Church are good now 
and the future seems to guarantee even 
greater things if the Lord tarries. At the 
moment the Chandon Brethren Church 
is in its childhood and experiences the 
growing pains of developing adequate 
leadership and financial independence. 
With your prayers and continued support 
through the Ten Dollar Club we will grow 
into a church with enormous potential for 
good within The Brethren Church. 

"*5^*'?is^si« -..■— .■:.;» 


February 15, 1969 

Page Twenty-one 

January ■ June, 1969 

TWICE A YEAR calls go out to the Brethren giving 
members an opportunity to provide funds for ex- 
ending the Kingdom of God through an extension 
program in Tlie Brethren Church. This assistance to 
lew churches or churches needing assistance in re- 
ocation is known as the Ten Dollar Club. 

It has been in operation since 1951 and has thus far 
Deen instrumental in establishing new churches in 16 
Jifferent locations. Also, four churches have been fin- 
mcially assisted by this means when relocation was 
essential. A second call was extended to the Levittown- 
F'airless Hills Church in 1965 when they had already 
jrown out of the first unit and there was a vital need 
Eor an educational wing for an especially fast-growing 
Sunday School program. 

We are now announcing the NKW Ten Dollar Cluli 
3all, Number 25, for The Chandon Brethren Churcli 

3f Herndon, Virginia. This, too, is a second call to assist 
:his church in working toward self-support and assum- 
ng the indebtedness on the church plant. In these days 
3f liigher costs and greater indebtedness in starting 
NTew Brethren Churches, additional financial assistance 

beyond a first call is most essential in this particular 

Letters have been sent out to individual members 
informing them of the new call. If you are not already 
a member, you will be interested in knowing that your 
membership can be established by sending $10 now 
for this Home Mission Churcli along with your name 
and address to The >Iissionary Board of the Brethren 
Church, 330 College Avenue, Ashland, Oliio 44803. After 
you are enrolled as a member you will only bo request- 
ed to contribute ten dollars twice a year as new calls 
are made. 

Be assured that new churches shall continue to have 
first priority in this expansion policy and also that 
every cent that is contributed to the Ten Dollar Club 
goes to the church for which the call is made. No funds 
are removed for office labor or publicity. 

We received $9,045 for the first call for the Chandon 
Brethren Church but have been climbing higher reg- 
ularly in our Ten Dollar giving. Since our 24th call 
brought in $11,500, we should aim higher this time 
and determine to reach $12,000 to lovingly share with 
these new Brethren at the Chandon Brethren Church. 




' I 'HE END of January the Kenneth L. Solomon fam- 
1 ily moved to Louisville, Kentucky, where Ken will 
be studying further at Southern Baptist Theological 
Seminary toward receiving a Doctorate in Religious 
Education. He is taking a leave of absence from the 
Missionary Board and in addition to his studying, will 
be teaching first year Spanish classes at the University 
of Louisville, Kentucky, and will be serving tite Fair 
Haven Church of tlie Brethren on Sundays at Jefferson- 
ville, Indiana, which is just across the river from 

They are settled in one of the missionary apartments 
on campus and their address is: 

Box 695 

2825 Lexington Rd. 

Louisville, Kentucky 40206 
Tlie Solomons have been very thankful for the op- 
portunity they had to carr\- on their deputation work 
among The Bretliren Churches, the camps and District 
Conferences. They will appreciate your prayers for 
their lives and adjustments to new routines, schedules 
and locale for the children. 

It is planned that the Solomons will return to Argen- 
tina in February, 1970, so that Ken will be there in 
ample time to start the 1970-71 term at the Eden Bible 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 



(Delivered at 1968 General Conference, August 17) 

TT IS ALWAYS a real joy and soul-tingling experience 
to attend Conference. I feel that many of our local 
churches miss the opportunities afforded tliem by fail- 
ing to come to Conference, staying at Conference, and 
learning the workings of our beloved denomination. 

My congregation in North Mancliester is aware that 
I am not accustomed to speaking at great length; usu- 
ally, my sermons are short and to the point. The stoi-y 
is told of a noted eastern judge, who wlien visiting in the 
West, went to a church on Sunday — which isn't so re- 
markable as the fact that he knew beforehand that the 
preacher was e.xceedingly tedious and long-winded to 
the last degi-ee. After the service, the preacher met the 
judge in the vestibule and said: "Well, yom- Honor, how 
did you Uke the sermon?" "Oh, most wondei-fully," re- 
plied the judge. "It was like the peace of God; for it 
passed all understanding, and like His mercy, I thought 
it would endure forever." Be assured tliis message will 
not last forever, and I hope it will be understandable. 

In consideration of this year's theme "Let God's Love 
Prevail," I have been assigned the sub-topic "Love's Di- 
rection." Reading from the text taken from I John 
4:19-21: "We love him, because he first loved us. If a 
man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a 
liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath 
seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen? 
And this commandment have we from him, That he who 
loveth God love his brother also." 

The author Christopher iVIorley said that if we wore 
given five minutes' warning of sudden death, five min- 
utes to say what it had all meant to us, all telephone 
booths would be occupied by people trying to call up 
other people to stammer their love to them. Love has 
been called the queen of words, and well does it deserve 

this designation. Paul's exaltation of love m I Corin- 
thians 13 is but the revelation of true insight. Even a 
casual reading of this great passage — if indeed one 
can read it casually — leads one into the presence of 
spiritual greatness. Here one breathes mountain Eiir. 
Here one treads lofty places. 

Having read, reread, and studied cix>ss references and 
commentaries on the text from I Jota 4, I have come 
to the conclusion that the "direction of love" is triangu- 
lar. And as I think about this ti-iangular love, I am re- 
minded that the triangle is the strongest geometric 
shape known to man. Take any old pieces of scrap lum- 
ber and naU them into a triangle, and you will find it a 
vei"y rigid, dui-able figure. The bracings in all beams, 
roof structm-e and great bridges ai-e triangular m shape. 
Is it any wonder that "love's direction" is triangular. 
Triangular, in that love stai'ts with God to man — man 
to man — and man to God. 

In determining love's direction, it seems that there is 
but one starting point for this message. In I John 4:8, 
we read "God is love." This has to be the starting 
point. God! "In the beginning, God. . . ." He is the 
Creatoi" of this universe in which we live. You and I 
can just begin to understand tliis in God's Universe, be- 
cause with the exploration of space, we find tliat the 
fundamental laws of God extend beyond this planet 
earth, and that the same basic laws apply to space, the 
moon, and the other planets of our solar system. This 
is a pro^'en fact today. I shall never forget the state- 
ment made by one of our leading atomic physicists. Dr. 
Shankland. I was attending a summer school session 
at Case Institute in Cleveland at the time. During one 
of his lectiu-es on the atom, he paused and said, "This 
little tiny atom is perfect; things just don't happen this I 
way. There has to be a Master plan." Yes, there is a . 

February 15, IDfiO 

Page Twenty-three 


Master plan; God created this world, He sustains it, 
and He has a plan for His creation. 

God felt the need for fellowship, oi- as the Negi-o spu'- 
itual says: "God looked around and said, 'I'm lonely'." 
In the very beginning, God showed forth His love for 
man. He created man in His own image; He breathed 
into him the breath of life. He gave man dominion over 
His creation. Man was living in a paradise; the garden 
was perfect, just as God had planned it to be. God 
walked and talked with Adam and Eve in the cool of 
the evening. Their fellowship was perfect. God loved 
man from the \-ery beginning. 

Then Satan entered the picture. There was tempta- 
tion, and the temptation was very subtle. At first it was 
resisted and there was perfect love between God and 
man. Then came the yielding to temptation; the fu'st 
seed of doubt took root in man's mind. "Just maybe 
this fruit would make us as gods and we won't die as 
God has said." What a heartbreaking day that was -- 
when the forbidden fruit was taken fi-om the tree and 
eaten. God's heart was so full of love for man, yet man 

Following the faU of man in the gai'den came a long 
line of manifestations of God's love for man. God chose 
Abraham to be the father of His chosen people. This 
started the long years and centuries of God's many ef- 
forts to bring man back into the loving relationship 
he once had. The prophets, judges, kings, the com- 
mandments, the e-xiles, the blessings — all were part of 
God's plan to show forth His love to man. 

When all this failed, there was but one way for the 
sins of man to be covered. The Incai-nation tells us of 
the love of God that is shown in blood and dust, in flesh 
and pain, and in a rugged Cross. The very Son of Gcd 
willingly yielded to the will of the Father and was born 

of the virgin Mary, and began His earthly ministry. 
This Ufe was for one purpose — to provide a plan of 
salvation for man whom God loved, yet the same man 
who had yielded to temptation and sin. You know — 
this is the amazing thing about the Gospel. God loved 
us when we were yet unloveable; God accepts us when 
we are unacceptable. Love includes the unpleasant and 
the unacceptable. Jesus' task was not an easy one — 
e\'en though He was the Son of God. There were many 
heartbreaks, disappointments, and final rejection by His 
own people. Even the appearance of God's own Son 
upon the earth was not enough to turn man back to 
God's love. He was rejected, spat upon, crowned with 
thorns and nailed to the cross and left to die, hanging 
between heaven and earth. Tliis Christ did willingly 
that God's Love could be made known to aJl mankind. 

Because of this love of God towai^d us who are un- 
lovable, we have the grace to return the favor toward 
others. While Christ was here on earth. He gave love 
a new direction when He said, "I give unto you a new 
commandment, that ye lo\'e one another even as I haive 
loved you." Before Jesus left His disciples. He explain- 
ed what He required of them and of us. He summed it 
all up in one little word "love." Christ asks us to be 
unselfish, generous with ourselves, using our lives for 
others, and not merely for personal interests. In the 
Old Testament, we ai-e given glimpses of this selfless 
love in the life of Joseph toward his brothers; in the 
moving magnanimity of Moses — that great soul be- 
seeching that he himself be blotted out if thereby his 
people could be spared; the gallant epic of Jonathan's 
wholehearted friendship, when a smaller man would 
have been jealous and resentful. 

Other religions also teach a few thrilUng sayings, some 
of which go far in the direction to which Christ points. 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

iiLiiduism holme.s.s. for iiLstaiice, is jiol. whal Christ, lauuiil 
us to think of as holiness; it is not a geinerous giving 
of one's self for others; it is not the eager loving of one 
another which Christ claims for us, but it is an anxious, 
jealous, self-absorbed guai'ding of ourselves from evil. 
The goal it sets before man is not service; rather it is 
blamelessness, and Christ has no interest in blameless- 
ness. It is too tame, too \-ague, too colorless for Him. 
What He claims for His followers is not that they should 
do no evU, but that they should do g-ood. When the 
rich young ruler came to Him, Jesus tried to point out 
that just being blcimeless and doing no e\'il is not enough. 
There could be no charge against the man's personal 
character; his business methods were clean; this man 
spent his life harmlessly enough, but he did no one any 
good. Christ's heart was warm toward the young man 
who had done no wrong; he kept the commandments; 
but this was not enough. He had harmed no one, but 
whom had he helped? To whom had he extended love? 
Beside negati\'e morality, in and abo\-e it He set posi- 
tive morality. One could keep the Ten Commandments 
I>erfectly, and yet not be within sight of real Christian- 
ity. You see there are not ten commandments for us, 
but eleven! "Thou shalt love!" In this one little woa-d 
"love," Christ has inculcated the whole duty of man. 

Dr. Schweitzer, in his first year at the hospital In 
Lambarene, might easUy have gi\'en w-ay to discourage- 
ment and cynicism. When a patient was hospitalized, 
it was difficult, often impossible, to persuade any rela- 
tive or friend to assist in his care. The doctor had to be 
at once physician and nurse, and do a good deal of 
nauseating work. Upon leaving the hospital, the patient 
sometimes ix>bbed the doctor's hencoop or walked off 
with the irreplaceable mosquito netting that had been 
provided for his comfort. It was not always possible to 
engage native help. When the natives did work about 
the hospital, they were commonly lazy and unreliable. 
However, gi-atitude to God for the love he had known, 
and contrition for his own failures were motives of love 
that did not fail Dr. Schweitzer. We find love by giving 

Christ said: "My commandment to you is nothing less 
than this, that you love one another, even as I have loved 
you." Here is the measui'e against which we are to be 
tested. After all, it is not so much even the teachings 
of Christ as His character. His life, His death, all that 
He was and did — the sacrifices that He made that have 
brought home to us something of what He meant by love. 
And so Christ plainly lays it down that what He wishes 
to distinguish His people — what is inevitably to differ- 
entiate real believers from non-behevers — the some- 
thing extra and special that He gives which others can- 
not show — is the kindly, unselfish, generous way they 
have of using life, a way that simply does not occur to 
non-Christians. This way of love, when obsei-ved, is 
strikiirg and arrests the non-Christian. This charactei-- 
istic of a Christian gives him the one valid claim to 
rank as such. By our love will all men know that we 
are His disciples. 

The story of the Good Scimaritan also gives us aji ex- 
ample of love toward our fellow man. The Priest and 
the Levite — both learned men — passed by on the 
other side. Only the Samaritan saw the need and re- 
sponded with a heart full of love. He gave of himself, 
his time, and money to see that the man was given 
proper care. It is obvious Whei-ein love was found. Yet 

the very nvn uhi> iirot'essrd ila-hteousness b.\-pas.sed the 
man in need. 

I ha\'e observed too many times the way in which we 
love is a factor which holds back the effective work of 
the church. There are people in many churches that 
are not on speaking terms with other persons. Their 
concern is for themselves or for their few close friends. 
Yet, many of these people claim to be good church mem- 
bers and good Christians. 

Tills is the problem with our coimti-y today. We have 
too many folks that really don't cai-e if the other half 
get along or not. They are interested only in their own 
Uves and circles in which they move. We have not taken 
seriously the commandment which Christ left for us. 
Our love must reach out to those whom we may not 
necessarily know as intimate friends. 

A little boy was asked to WTite an essay on anatomy. 
Here is what he said: "Your head is kind of round and 
hard and your brains are in it and your hair is on it. 
Your face is in front of your head where you eat. Your 
neck is what keeps yoitr head off your shoulders, which 
are sort of shelves where you hook your overall straps. 
Your arms you got to have to pitch with, and so you 
can ireach the biscuits. Your fingers stick out of your 
hands so you can scratch, throw a curve, and add arith- 
metic. Your legs is what you got to have to get to 
first base, your feet what you run on, and your toes are 
what gets stubbed. And that is all thei-e is of you except 
what is inside, and I cun't seen that." No, "we ain't 
seen what is inside" but love is based on some knowl- 
edge of the unseen. To love a person requires a willing- 
ness and readiness to know him, not merely to know 
about him. Rather than pick and choose only those with 
whom we are concei-ned to love, we must, as recipients 
of God's love, perhaps love the imlovable, serve the 
downtrodden, sacrifice for the oppressed, and to make 
oui-selves vulnerable to mercy, forgiveness, and toler- 
ance. The violence in our cities stems from lack of love 
for our fellow man. The racial problems are due to a 
lack of our obeyiirg the commandment of love. Dare we 
admit that the love of man for man is pretty weak, 
(which means om- love for God is pretty weak), and that 
we just aren't working at it veiy hard??? 

In the August issue of BUly Graham's "Decision" mag- 
azine, a 7th grade gu-1, Vanessa Glasgo expressed the 
13th chapter of Corinthians. Vanessa lives in the foot- 
hills of Mt. Ranier, and attends Country Bible Church 
at Enumclaw, Washington. She paraphrased it as fol- 
lows : 
"Though I speak softly and sweettly, if I don't have 

love, I'm just a bunch of noise. 
And though I'm very talented and very smart, if I don't 

have Lo'\'e, I am like an empty shell. 
And though I give away eveiything to the poor, and give 

my body to be bLU-ned at the stake for What I believe, 

and don't have Love, it doesn't do me any good. 
Lo\'e can stand a lot of hurting and stiU be kind. 
Love doesn't act smart, doesn't think bad things about 

people; isn't happy When someone dees wrong, but is 

happy when they do right. 
Love can put up with anything, hopes eveiything will 

turn out good. 
Love never lets a person down. 
Prophecies may turn out wrong, and tongues will stop. ■ 

We only understand part of things because we see ■. 

from the human side. 

February 15, 1969 

Page Twenty-five 

When you get old you forget what you learn. But when 
Jesus comes we will understand it all^ as he under- 
stands us. 

When I was very small, I talked Like a child, but now 

I don't act childish anymore. 
Now it is like looking thi-ough a dirty glass. When Jesus 

comes we will see clearly, for we will see him face to 

face. Now faith, hope, and love are all living in me, 

but the greatest is Love." 

Yes, God is love; we are to share in this love, but if 
we really share in it then we will have love for our 
fellow man. 

We have seen two sides of our triajigle — God's love 
for man, man's love for man, and now there is the thu-d 
side of the triangle: man's love for God. 

Frederick Buecliner wrote in "The Magnificent De- 
feat" that there are four specimens of love. "First, the 
love for equals is a human thing — of friend for fi-iend, 
brother for brothei'. It is to love what is loving and 
lovely; the world smiles. 

Secondly, the love for the less fortunate is a beauti- 
ful thing — the love for those who suffer, for ithose who 
are poor, the sick, the failui^es, the imlovely. This is 
compassion, and it touches the heai't of the world. 

Thirdly, the love for the more fortunate is a rare 
thing — to love those who succeed where we faU, to 
rejoice without envy with those Who rejoice, the love 
of the poor for the rich, of the black man for the white 
maji. The world is always bewildered by its saints. 

But lastly, there is the love for the enemy — love for 
the one who does not love you but mocks, threatens, and 
inflicts pain. The tortured's love for the torturer. This 
is God's love; it conquers the world." 

God is love, but love is not God. Not every manifes- 
tation of charity or kindness or sacrifice is a sign of 
a. new birth or of bemg a chUd of God. 

A certain welfare worker fouJid a crippled boy in a 
poverty-stricken section of the city. She took a great 
interest in the boy and longed to see him walk and he 
1 boy among boys. She decided to consult a famous 
orthopedic surgeon, who agreed to help. E.Niamination 
.vas made, and an operation was performed. Slow and 
tedious days of recovery proved the operation a success, 
gradually the child could walk; then run; then play. 
He was a boy among boys. In telling her stoiry, the wel- 
fare worker paused to say, "He is now a grown man. I 
ivant you to guess where he is and what he is doing." 
Many guessed various occupations: "He is a famous doc- 
tor;" "He has become a great hiunanitarian, a minister, 
i welfare worker." Finally, the woman said solemnly 
'No, you are wrong; he is in Sing Sing prison, serving 
i life term for murder!" She went on to say: "We 
spent all our time on healing the physical body so he 
:ould walk again, but we failed to teach him where to 
A'alk." For our love to be the right kind of love, we 
nust take our stand near the Cross. Only when love is 
issociated with fauth and devotion toward Jesus, the Son 
>f God, can it become a proof of the life eternal. 

From such a love comes two results: Confidence to- 
,vard God, and charity toward men. If we fully realize 
jhe love of God revealed in Christ, we shall not stand 
n dread of God. Fear wUl not be a part of our lives. 
iVe can have confidence; om' trustful relationship with 
;he Father will give us assurance, and the future wUl 
lold no fears for us. 

As a result of oui- love for God, we will be willing 
witnesses of Christ's love for all, and of His making 
possible the forgiveness of sin by His death on the cross. 

Love caimot be bought, but genuine love responds to 
love, regardless of gifts. The papers recently can-ied an 
interesting article regarding the efforts of a suitor to 
win the heart and hand of a woman by showering her 
with costly gifts — only to lose her in the end! 

On Wednesday she received a bundle of record albums 
of love songs in the mail. 

On Thursday a bouquet of flowers three feet wide 
came to her door. 

On Friday, a 12-page love letter. 

On Saturday, a big newspaper ad. 

On Sunday, a 500-word telegram. 

On Monday, two 30-secnnd radio commercials asked 
for her hand in marriage! 

She seemed impressed and expressed shock that he 
should spend so much on the radio, advertisements, etc. 
(over $500); but still there was no response from her. 

Doubtedless :there are women who woidd gladly say 
"yes" to a proposal of marriage, if such gifts were of- 
fered them. On the other hand, there are many whose 
love and companionship cannot be purchased with things, 
regardless of their value. 

Love is not for sale. God's love cartnot be bought. 
The Lord desires to be loved for Himself — not merely 
for the many and precious gifts which He bestows upon 
us. The Apostle Paul said: "Thanks be imto God for 
His imspeakable gift" (II Cor. 9:15). The Apostle John 
said: "We love Him because He first loved us." 

A life without love is a life without dh'ection. We need 
love — God's love — In our lives to give meaning and 
purpose to our lives. Our lives must be guided, direct- 
ed, and motivated by love. Love's direction? It is tii- 
angular, beginning and ending witli God: God to man 
— man to man — man to God. Where there is true 
love to Christ, there is also deep appreciation for the 
spiritual and temporal gifts He bestows upon us. The 
poet has said concerning the Lord Jesus Christ: 
"I love Thee because Thou hast first loved me. 
And purchased my pardon on Calvary's tree; 
I love Thee for wearing the thorns on Thy brow. 
If ever I loved Thee, Lord Jesus, 'tis now!" 

All-loving and all-gracious God, we take upon our lips 
the word taught us by Jesus, and call Thee Father. Thou 
art the source of our being, oui- living and our loving. 
We love, because Thou didst first love us, because Thou 
didst manifest Tliy love through Jesus Christ, our Lord. 
Help us, our Father, to respond to Tliy loving-kmdness 
by ourselves becoming loving persons. By Thy grace, 
may we live our lives worthily as unto Thee, and serve 
Thee, not only in love for Thee, but also in love for 
others. This we pray in the name of our loving Lord 
Jesus. Amen. 

"Love's Direction" is the fourth sub top- 
ic under the General Conference theme: 
"Let God's Love PrevalL" Rev. Immel, pastor 
of the First Brethren Church of North Man- 
chester, Indiana, presented the above ad- 
dress on Saturday morning of General Con- 

Page Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evangelist 


TT IS ABOUT TIME for a report from the Lorec- 
Brethren Church concerning the great blessings 
that God has given us in the year of 1968, and the 
work so willingly done by the people of this church. 
This is really a good and wonderful people to work 
with. There is always a feeling of Christian fellowship 
and confidence in one another and in our great God 
and Savior Jesus Christ. 

Beginning last January we had our first church 
business meeting of the year and planned for many 
things to be worked out during the year, all of which 
have been accomplished. The church budget was 
increased to help meet the needs in our great confer- 
ence, revival dates were set and plans made to meet 
the spiritual needs of the people. This too we believe 
has been accomplished for several have been saved 
and others have renewed their vows. 

All our organizations have been working in good 
order: the Laymen, two W.M.S. groups, three youth 
groups, a Brotlierhood for the boys, a Sisterhood for 
the girls and the Signal Lights for our youngsters. 

We set a date and received a Missionary Offering 
on the first Simday in December and received $3,000 

which we took to the mission office in Ashland. This 
was over and above our mission work through our 
budget. Loree Church is always busy doing things in 
our own community, in our District Conference and 
our National Conference. This makes us happy when 
wo are working for God and His great Church. 

Rev. W. E. Thomas 


PLEASE keep in mind that The Biethien Publishing Company has step- 
ped out on faith to purchase new equipment to modernize the print shop. 
In order to finance this venture, the Company is offering bonds in the de- 
nominations of $500 and $1000. The bonds are dated for 5 years and will 
bear .5% interest per annum to be paid semi-annually. 

If you are interested in investing in this project, please fill out the blank 
below and mail to us. 

The Brethien Publishing Company 
524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Gentlemen : 

The undersigned, 

(please print name) 


wishes to purchase^ 

$1,000.00 Bonds 

$500.00 Bonds 

My check in the amount of $_ 

to cover the purchase is enclosed. 


(number and street) 

(city, state, zipcode) 

February 15, 1969 

Page Twenty-seven 

World Religious News 

in Review 


The Moon (EP) — On Christinas 
Eve, somewhere above the forbiddmg 
landscape of the moon, tihe voices of 
Frank Bormaji, James Loivell and 
Williajn Anders carried to earth dwel- 
lers the story of creation as found in 
Genesis 1:1-10. 

"In the beginning, God created the 
heajvens and the earth," intoned An- 
ders in Apollo S's unannounced lit- 
any broadcast as the astronauts' TV 
camera flashed back a remarkable 
picture of the deeply shadowed lunar 

Borman closed the lunar telecast 
with these words: "Good night, good 
luck, a iWerry Christmas and God 
bless all of you upon the goiod earth." 

The trio then closed the moonship's 
fourth teflecast and began prepara- 
tions for the successful blast out of 
Lunar orbit to return to the "grand 
oasis in the vastness of space." 


VVajTiesboro, Ga. (EP) — The Rev. 
James David Fite, an American Bap- 
tist missionary imprisoned by the 
Cuban government since April 1965, 
has been given an unconditional pai*- 
don and will return to the United 

The news was flashed to tlie mis- 
sionary's clergyman father by a phone 
call from Havana where he had talk- 
ed with his son. 

Mr. Fite told iiis congregation at 
the Rosemont Heights Baptist Churcli 
here that their prayers had been ans- 

Imprisoned with Fite was his 
father-in-law, the Rev. Dr. Herbert 
Caudill, 65, when the pair was con- 
victed of illegally e.xchanging Cuban 
pesos for U.S. dollars so refugees 
could use American funds for airline 
fares when they left Cuba. 

Mr. Caudill was sentenced to 10 
years in prison and Mr. Fite to six 
years. Missionary Caudill was releas- 

ed and kept under house arrest after 
undergoing eye sm'gery in 1967. It 
is not clear yet whether Dr. Caudill 
will also be allowed to leave Cuba. 


New York (EP) — The Re\'. Carl 
jMcIntire, founder of the American 
Crimen of Christian Churches, faces 
a revolt witliin his ranks, according 
to AP Religion Writer George W. 

"I was betrayed," Mclntire declar- 
ed, charging that leaders in the ACCC 
ha\-e worked "behind the scenes" in 
a "conspiracy to deal with me" and 
remove him from itop spot. 

Dr. Mclnitire blames the revolt on 
what he termed a "weakening pro- 
cess" and a "lessening of militancy" 
in fighting the "forces of darkness" 
and exposing "the apostasy" in the 
larger denominations and church 

The churchman declared he stood 
"for the same old militancy which 
produced the separatist movement in 
the first place." 

"He seems set on a course of rule 
or ruin," commented the Rev. Dr. 
John E. Millheim of New York, gen- 
eral secretary of the ACCC. "If he 
can't control, he's started trying to 

MUlheim said the council, made up 
of 15 smaller denominations with a 
total of 1.5 million members, has mov- 
ed to surmount its pmiticular "Mcln- 
tire image," but he insisted this did 
not involve any "underground man- 

"That's just ridiculous," he is quo- 
ted as saying. 


Glen EHyn, III. (EP) — In a sui- 
\'6y of thousands of evangelical 
churches m North America, the over- 
whelming majority of pastors said 
they feel Vacation Bible School has 
as much or more potential than ever 

as a means of winning people to 
Christ and helping others grow in 

The survey was conducted by the 
Christian Education Research Divis- 
ion of the Scripture Press Foundation 

The Di\'ision was recently establish- 
ed for the purpose of gathering and 
reporting significant data related to 
local church Christian education. 

In September, 1968, six-page ques- 
tiormaires were mailed to more than 
42,000 pastors and 5,076 were receiv- 
ed — a response of 11 per cent. 


Minneapolis (EP) — Thu-ty-eight 
men turned in draft cards at a resis- 
tance ser\'ice at First Unitarian 
Church here. The Rev. Robert Leh- 
man, minister, welcomed those pres- 
ent to his "fortress of conscience." 

"This meeting," he said, "is to say 
'no' to any ugly, shameful, obscene 

"And by saying 'No,' " he contin- 
ued, "we are saying 'Yes' to life." 

If America is "saved," Mr. Lehman 
held, it will be because of "the gentle, 
understanding men who are brave 
enough to say 'No' to the jugger- 

Nearly 1,000 persons — most of 
them college and uni\'ersity students 
— attended the service which fea- 
tiu-ed resistance songs and films. 


New York (EP) — The Rev. David 
Poling, president of the Christian Her- 
ald, has described as a "deliberate 
falsehood" and "a calculated smear" 
charges made by a group called Cler- 
gymen's Committee on China. 

Mr. Poling issued his statement in 
response to an advertisement which 
the Clergymen's Committee on China 
placed in the November 18 issue of 
The New York Times. 

The Cliristian Herald's president 
also objected to the use of his uncle's 
name, the late Dr. Daniel A. Poling, 
m the advertisement. The ad carried 
the phrase "(Founded by Dr. Daniel 
A. Pohng)" under the committee's 
name in a coupon soliciting funds. 

Noting that the Clergymen's Com- 
mittee on China objected to NCC 
statements which supported a halt to 
the bombing in North Vietnam, ad- 
mission of Red China to the United 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Nations, and avoidance of "provoca- 
ti\-e militai-y action against mainland 
Cliina," IVIr. Poling replied: 

"The historic, eternal — often pain- 
ful — unpopular tasl^ of the Christian 
churcli is to preach peace, to stand 
against warfare, to challenge tlie mil- 
itary mind and the armament men- 
tality. When the Council of Church- 
es — be it National or World — bacl<s 
away or hesitates from this burning 
tasl<, it is dishonest to the Bible and 
unfaithful to Christ." 


St. Louis (EP) — Concordia Publish- 
ing House, owned and operated by 
the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, 
will celebrate its 100th anni\-ei-sai-y 
during 1969. 

Third largest of Protestant relig- 
ious publishers in the nation, Concor- 
dia will marl< its centennial by focus- 
ing on "New Horizons in Christian 


Ponce, P.R. (EP) — Governor-elect 
Luis A. Ferre says his administration, 
which will take over January 2, wiU 
be "deeply Christian, but rooted in 
strict separation of church and state." 

Mr. Ferre, a Roman Catholic, made 
his comments in addressing the Puer- 
to Rico Evangelical Coimcil. 

The goivernor-elect, who ended 20 
years of Papular Democratic Party 
rule with a 23,000-vote plurality, saw 
separation of church and state as 
"essential to a pi-oper democratic de- 

According to Mr. Ferre, the "m,ajor 
problems of Puerto Rico cannot be 
salved witli money alone, but require 
spiritual force." 


Macon, Ga. (EP)— The 12-year-old 
son of a Baptist missionary ser\dng 
a si.x-year prison term in Cuba will 
return soon to the United States. 

The imprisoned missionary is the 
Rev. David Fife, who with the Re\'. 
Herljert Caudill, another Southern 
Baptist working in Cuba, was arrest- 
ed in 19S5, along with 40 Cuban Bap- 
tist pastors. 

Mr. Fite and Mr. CaudUl were sen- 

tenced to 6 and 10 years, respectively, 
on charges of illegal currency e.x- 
ohange, "counter-revolutionary activ- 
ities and ideological diversionism." 


Minot, N.D. (EP) — An airman who 
insisted an weai-ing a small gold cross 
on his uniform was convicted by a 
Minat Au- Force Base court-martial. 

Ail-man first-class Philip Stull, 23, 
of Litchfield, Connecticut, was found 
guilty of disobeying the orders of a 
superior officer, who had ordered him 
to remove the cross. 

He was reduced to aii-maii basic, 
the lowest rank in the Air Force, and 
sentenced to two months of hard la- 
bor — but without confinement. 

Airman Stull, who is married, will 
continue to live at his heme in town 
and will report to the base eacli day 
for work assignments. He was not 
discharged from the sei-vice. 


Hong Kong (EP) — Mao Tse-tung 
has been quite successfiU in titUizing 
the religious nature and superstitions 
of Chhiese peasants in establishing 
himself as the country's sax'ioiu", ac- 
cording to Paul Kauiffman at his lis- 
tening post here. 

It has been reported from Hupeh 
Province that peasants there are 
being taught that they must worship 
Mao each morning upon arising. The 
ritual asks the people first to "salute 
Chaii-man Mao." The second is to say 
"Long Life to Chairman Mao." The 
thh-d is to sing "The Easit is Red" 
(the Commimist national anthem). 
Fourth, tlie people study Chaii-maji 
Mao's "Great Instructions." And be- 
fore every meal they are required to 
chant his supreme instruofcions or sa- 
lute his portrait. 

One old peasant allegedly made a 
oo'nfession in front of Chaii-man Mao's 
portrait before he tried to repair 
damage done to crops which were 
trampled by cattle. 


Compton, Calif. (EP)— Two youth- 
ful robbers twice fired a 22-calibre 
revolver at the Rev. Ross Owens, a 
Baptist minister here, but the clergy- 
man walked away imhurt. 

"I was supposed to fall over and 
die — but nothuig happened," he 

said. Instead, the youths robbed 
Owens of $1.27. 

Alterted police rushed to the scene 
in time to captiu'e the bandits. They 
found a hole in Owens' coat but no 
blood. Then the minister pulled out 
a sheaf of gcsj^el tracts and discover- 
ed they had absorbed the impact of 
the buUet. 

Tlie slug lay harmless in the bot- 
tom of his shii-t pocket. 

"It was a miracle," said Owens. 
"And I'm sure those two young men 
believed it, too." 




Saji Francisco (EP) — Bishop 
James A. Pike who accordmg to one 
canon law authority has excluded 
li'imself from Episcopal Church sac- 
raments by remarrying after divorce 
without church approval, now faces 
a ban on preaching in the diocese lie 
headed before his retirement two 
years ago. 

Bishop C. Kilmer Myers of Cali- 
fornia, Bishop Pike's successor, made 
a "personal request" to clergymen 
in the diocese to bar the controver- 
sial prelate from their pitlpits be- 
cause of the remarriage. 

Bisliop Pike said he "regretted" 
the decision, noiting that Bisliop My- 
ers' action was "only a pereonal re- 
quest. He has absolutely no canon- 
ical authority to suspend me from 
functioning in our diocese," he said. 

Bishop Pike married Diane Ken- 
nedy, co-author of his latest book, 
December 20, in a Methodist church. 
The foi'mer Miss Kennedy is the bish- 
op's third wife. 

.$380,000 AT AUCTION 

New York (EP) — A letter mail- 
ed for two cents to the Bombay (In- 
dia) Auxiliai-y Bible Society brought 
the highest price for a single item 
ever paid at a phUatelic auction. 

Nobody knows, however, who mail- 
ed the letter or what its message 
was, as its age (it was mailed in 
1847) prohibits unfolding the letter 
without running the risk of destroy- 
ing two stamps on it. 

The stamps, issued in Mauritius, an . 
Indian Ocean island, have an engrav- : 
er's error and they were sold here ' 
for $380,000 to a Now Orleans dealer. , 
There are an estimiated 14 such i 
stamps in existence. 

February 15, 1969 

Page Twenty-nine 







'^et^ ^o UAct^ (^^'ii<it 

Gospel Light Publications' 1969 Vacation Bible School 
theme is "Let's Go With Christ." The preview of this 
material which we had in Glendale early in January 
makes me think that this is the best VBS material 
available. Ten-day Sample Kits are available at $6.95 
and five-day Kits at $4.95 from the Brethren Publishing 
Company. In addition, request the filmstrip by Ethel 
Barrett, "It's Time To Quit." This excellent, color film- 
strip could be a big help in recruiting VBS workers 
for your Vacation Bible School. Watch for the G/L 
VBS clinic in your area. 

^eUe(Actt<^ (^(xd^- ^tf<j4 

This title tells the story of the 1969 Scripture Press 
VBS material. This year Scripture Press presents a 
five-day course for the first time witli specially pre- 
pared courses for Nursery, Beginner, Primary, Junior 
and Young Teen. Young People and Adult courses are 
electives. Ten-day Sample Kits are $5.,50, five-day Kits 
are $4.50. Watch for the S/'P VBS clinic in your area. 

fr^K^ctco^d itau/i ^MgUieiC^Ce 

Help has arrived for Junior High youth leaders. The 
spring "Transition" kit is now available at $9.95. 
"Transition" provides a full quarter of complete ma- 
terials for Junior Highs — evening action group materi- 
als, church school devotional plans and departmental 
leadership training. 

"Transition" represents a new concept in evening 
youth group material — for the "action group." As the 
leader uses the material, he will guide youth into their 
own examination of problems that "bug" them. 

The Spring 1969 issue contains the following items: 


VVelconie to Transition 

Five Ways to Enrich your Junior High 

How to be an Action Group Advisor 
Buzz Groups and Brainstorniiui; 
Creative Learning With Collage-s 
Shepherds or Little Tin Gods? 
Personal Opinion Survey 
I Need Help! 




In my opinion, this resource material can transform 
your youth group. It is so versatile that, until the 
Senior High materials are produced, with a bit of 
imagination "Transition" can be used for High School- 
ers, too! 

You will find that tliere is more than enougli ma- 
terials for one quarter but since there is no rigid time 
schedule, the timing can be adapted to suit the needs 
of any group. 

This should prove very helpful to youth leaders. 

^^'iC<i-tC<ZK Sduc€itco*t 'J^gfAtueii 

The second major supplement to the Brethren Christ- 
ian Education manual will soon be mailed to churches 
who possess it. The article "Principles of Christian 
Education" should be inserted in the Church School 
Section of tlie manual. The article has a lengtliy biblio- 
graphy whicli should also be of value. 

In addition, a supplement to the filmstrip catalog- 
is included. Many new filmstrips have been purchased 
for your use, so place this supplement in j-our present 

Page Thirty 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Are Adult i Important? 


Recently a Brethren Church School superintendent 
was heard to say, "The adult classes are not import- 
ant. It's the kids that matter. If we don't get them, 
we have no future." 

Another Brethren Church School administrator stated 
that his church had virtually no Jr. High young people. 
Upon furtlier questioning, it was learned that the 
parents of Jr. High age young people were also missing 
from the church school. 

Mrs. Ethel Barrett related in a worksliop how she 
had visited a church scliool tliat liad been struggling 
for its life and they asked her if she could detect any- 
thing that might be causing this situation, and bringing 
such a lack of finances. A quick look at those attend- 
ing the school revealed that is was made up almost 
exclusively of children in large numbers while adult 
classes consisted of sometimes only two or three 

Another prevalent misconception concerning adults 
in the cliurcli school is: any kind of teaciiing goes for 
adults. . . and so the adults go. Or perhaps it would 
be more accurate to say, "And so the adults stay 
home." It is not true that adults will take anything — 
they rebel just as certainly as teenagers rebel at meat- 
less and fruitless teachings! 

Why are adults important in the church school then 
you ask? A quick half dozen reasons (you can easily 
think of more with little effort) are: 

1. Adults provide leadership for the church in all 

fields such as organization and administration, 
teaching, evangehsm, missions, etc. 

2. Adults who are won to Christ will bring children 

and young people into the church with them. 
This is much more likely to happen than children 
and youth bringing adults into the church. 

3. Adults provide financial stability for the church. 

4. Adults are examples for youth - good and bad 

examples. A survey conducted by NSSA of evan- 
gelical church youth revealed that 1 out of 4 
youth felt parents were the most influential 
factor in their conversions and the next four 
most influential factors were pastors, evangel- 
ists, Sunday school teachers and camp counsel- 
ors—All Adults! Roy Zuck and Gene Getz also 
report in this same book (Christian Youtli: An 
In Depth Study) that adult hypocrisy was ranked 

first as a concern of youth as they observed the 
church. Failure of adults to live up to what they" 
profess to believe was another deep concern of 
youth as was the fact that one out of six teens 
were dissatisfied with adult interest in the young 
people of the church, or their lack of appreci- 
ation for youth abilities. 

.5. Adults are carriers of the Word - into homes, fact- 
ories, businesses, recreation — all walks of life. 

6. Adults need salvation, fellowship, worship, guid- 
ance in Christian living, in-depth Bible study, 
etc., as much as children and youth need these in 
their lives. 

But what can be done to correct the adult situation 
in our church schools? thirst, we must create a climate 
of concern for adults of the church school. We must 
convey the importance of adults in God's plan and not 
solely for what they can do for the church. It is import- 
ant to build up our children and teens but not at the 
expense of adults. 

Secondly, we should expect that teachers of adults 
will be as good as or better than teachers of children 
and youth — trained, employing varied methods of 
teaching, using audio-visual aids, concerned about 
students, praying. 

Thirdly, we should provide vital and varied fellowship 
and projects for adult church school classes. Have you 
ever heard the complaint from adults that sounds like 
this? "We never do anything interesting at class meet- 
ing. It's always cut and dried, boring and monotonous! 
Whoever said that a class meeting had to be "food, 
business and devotions" - in that order of Importance? 
Plan church and community projects; visit special 
clinics, schools to train the handicapped, law enforce- 
ment agencies, welfare departments, etc. and then re- 
late these experiences to Biblical truths and daily 
Christian living. 

Christ thought adults were important enough to 
teach and minister to them almost exclusively (except 
for a couple of recorded incidents with children and 
even these were used to teach adults). He taught in 
synagogues, on hillsides, at private homes, in gardens, 
by lakes, in cities, by wells, from boats; by ones — like 
Nicodemus; by families — like Lazarus, Mary and 
Martha; by groups — like the twelve disciples; by 
crowds — like the 5,000. 

Can we do less? 

February 15, 1969 

Page Thirty-one 


The BYC of the Gretna Brethren Church opened the 
new year with the election of officers; they are: 

President Ron Waters 

Vice President Paul Deardurff 

Secretary Marcia McPherson 

Treasurer Barb Ranger 

Correspondent Roger Waters 

Advisors Mr. and Mrs. Michael 

Mr. and Mrs. Larry 
We had a Negro city councilman come to speak to 
our youth group and evening church services about 
racial problems. 

The BYC picked up apples and made cider in October. 
We got enough apples to make 75 gallons of cider and 
it sold very quickly. 

A few weeks later we had a Halloween party with 
31 young people attending. 

For a Christmas project, we made Christmas tree 
decorations from empty egg sheUs. 

On Saturday evening, December 22, the BYC present- 
ed a Christmas pageant entitled "Angel On A Step- 
ladder." It is the story of a man's discovery of the real 
meaning of Christmas and the change it made in 
his life. 

On January 26th we decided to start a Mid-week 
Bible Study class. We decided to meet in members' 

— Roger Waters, correspondent 


WE HAVE BEEN very busy and have done lots of 
things this year in our Junior BYC at Flora. 
We began meetings in September with a trip to Turkey 
Run Park. This was a lot of fun and started our year 
off well. We also had election of officers with Terry 
Shoff as president. Colleen Clem as vice president, 
Susan Duff as secretary, Joy Shoff as treasurer and 
Donna Voorhees as reporter. 

In October we sold Halloween candy and made about 
$45.00 on our Christmas program. We had a Christmas 
Supper for all the church. Rev. and Mrs. Kindley pre- 
sented the film, "Mr. Chairman, I So Move," which 
was enjoyed. 

We sold pecans and candy logs at Cliristmas to raise 
money for the National Project. We hope to raise about 
$250.00 in all. 

— Donna Voorhees, reporter 


The ending of 1968 has brought with it the end of 
half of a wonderful year for our group. We have been 
averaging 15-20 young people each Sunday. 

The liighlight of the first 3 months was a contest 
among the BYC members. It was rather close most of 
the time; but at the end Ray Walk's team beat Tom 
Aurandt's team! Now the losers will treat the winners 
to a nigJit of ice skating at a nearby arena! 

Our officers this year are as follows: 

President Dan Lecky 

Secretary Bernie Parks 

Treasurer Paul Aurandt 

The advisors are Mr. and Mrs. Ale.x Lynch and Nancy 

We have had only a chance to raise money by raking 
leaves but are planning several interesting "personal" 
projects for the near future. 

We are proud of our group and proud that we can 
share in the Lord's work. 


WE HAVE six active members this year. Each has 
an office and performs his duties at the business 
meetings. We meet once a week on Friday after school 
at the church. 

Members play a game or prepare material for the 
lesson while waiting for everyone to arrive. Tlien the 
meeting is held followed by a lesson from Jr. Programs 
and Activities. Each lesson goes along with the time 
of year. 

The youth raked leaves on the church yard twice 
with the money they received for this going to the 
National Project. 

The Jr. youth were represented both times the 
churcli liad a roller skating party and the last time 
on January 9th there were 7 members and guests 
present from oiu' group. 

— Mrs. Warren Fisher 

1968 - 69 




Page Thirty-two The Brethren Evangelist! 

Daily Vacation Bible School 


Our booksfore will have in stock a complete 
supply of materials for your Daily 
Vacation Bible School for 1969. 

We carry materials from - 

Please order the bulk of your material 
from your own bookstore! We will 
give you 10% on your orders and will 
send to you prepaid. The usual items 
are returnable. 

Order from: 


524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 


March Is World Relief Month 

itnamese clean-up crews, mostly women, are employed in the 
Drld Relief Commission "food-for-work" program. Here 
jy are trying to fill in a 1,000 lb. bomb crater. WRC dispenses 
tright relief when necessary, but feels the dignity of the 
lividual is preserved when he can work for food, clothing, 

Vol. XCI 

March 1. 1969 

No. 5 



Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society 

Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization 

Mr. Floyd Benshoff 

Missionai-y Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Miss Kathy Miller 

Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Miss Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Biu-key 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 
$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Committee: 

Elton 'Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This l:5ue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Guest Editorial; "Potluck Inspiration" 

by Rev. Phil Lersch 3 

World Relief Promotional Materials G 

"The Christian and War" 
by Rev. Charles Lowmaster 15 

Newo from the Brethren 20 

Pastor's Conference on 
Faith and Order Program 22 

Goals Report for 1967-68 Conference Year 23 

Christmas at the Brethren's Home 24 

The Missionary Board 25 

Boys' Brotherhood Program for March 28 

The Board of Christian Education 29 



YOU WILL find beginning on page 3 with the 
Guest Editorial promotional materials for 
the World Relief program of the Brethren Church. 
Please read it very carefully and thoroughly, 
think about it, pray about it, then do something 
tangible by giving. 

Here is a program where we as individuals, 
local organizations in tlie church, and local church- 
es can do some real worthwhile good for people 
who are in distress and need tangible help. 

This is also a program outside our own confines 
where we can do much good. If your church is 
not participating in this program, we urge you 
to begin as soon as possible! 

NOTE: All Pastors! 

ON PAGE 22 of this issue of the magazine yoi 
will find the program for the annual Pas 
tors' Conference on Faith and Order. The com 
mittee has gone to a great deal of work to plar 
a program that will be interesting to you. 

The books mentioned in the first paragraphs o 
the article are available at The Brethren Publish 
ing Company with the usual discount. 

If you wish these books, please order then 


There's a little white church so dear to my hear 
Where I can find rest for my soul; 
Where I can commune with my God up ab0'\'e ; 
His infinite goodness extol. 

Down the aisle of this oh'ttroh, I wienit, one glad da 

Convicted, my sms to confess. 

A wonderful peaceftUness came over me; 

I yielded my own wUlfulneSj. 

How I love this old church; This little white churcl 

That introduced me bo the Lord. 

I deeply regret that I knew Him so late; 

A waste that I could not afford. 

Ill this little wliite ohui-Qh, though humble and plai 
I know that my God's always there, 
Amidst humble people with heoirts in accord, 
To hear and to ansvv^r eaxsh prayer. 

Yes, the little white ohuroh, that stands by the ixya 
Will ever be precious to me. 
'Twas there tliat the Saviour came into my life, 
To cleanse me and set my soul free. 

Norman McPherson 

ilarch 1, 1969 

Page Three 





Votluck Iiispiratiov] 


i^'hat excites you? 

i'^hat motivates you? 

I'^hat challenges you? 

l^hat touches you? 

I'^hat moves you ? 

S^^hat grips you? 

S'^hat gets to you? 

i^hat gets under your skin? 

^hat activates you? 

^hat inspires you? 

\^hat encourages you? 

Vhat keys you up? 

\^hat tui"ns you on? 

Vhat changes you? 

Vhat melts you? 


FACTS? "The 20% of the world's people who 
live in the so-called Christian societies of the West 
now absorb 75% of the world's income, invest- 
ment and trade. Among the other 80%' are an 
estimated one billion human being-s who not only 
live in abject poverty but suffer daily of i-ecur- 
rent crippling hunger" (J. Wilson). 

HUMAN INTEREST? "In Calcutta, India, the 
homeless sleep, and die, in alleys and on the side- 
walks. Every morning a truck comes around to 
pick up the dead. Although many missionary 
groups ai'e active, the number of destitute simply 
ovei-whelms them" (E. Graffam). 


page 12). 

(See Biafran pictures and story on 

SPECIFIC NEEDS? WRC has promised sev- 
eral pastors in West Pakistan that we will raise 
funds to pay for materials for 1.5 parsonages, if 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelisi 

they would do the work. WRC is also ijroviding 
18 bicycles to assist the pastors. 

OPTIMISM? Last year 22 more Brethren 
Churches began giving- to World Relief for the 
first time; 29 made it the second year in a row! 

whimper of a starving child somewhere? Fee 
the ache of his skinny body. See the longing ir 
his glassy eyes. Sense the confusion of his wander- 
ing mind. Taste the dryness of his empty mouth 
Touch his taut, motionless skin. . . Can you wali 
on by ? Are you a Priest or a Levite or a Samai'itar 
— or a Christian? 

LOGIC? "Li a world that has become one 
community — united by supersonic plane and Tel- 
star — a world whose resources have been created 
for the well-being of all, there is but one answer — 
to close in the economic and social gap that divides 
man from man quickly while there is yet time" 
(J. Wilson). 

SCRIPTURE? "But if a man has enough to 
live on, and yet when he sees his brother in need 
shuts up his heart against him, how can it be 
said that the divine love dwells in him?" (A. John, 

LARGE NUMBERS? "The government of 
Hong Kong has met the problem of resettlement 
by erecting ten 16-story high-rise buildings, hous- 
ing up to 43,000 people in one complex. Each com- 
plex includes schools from 8 to 12 stories high. 
One church group is allowed to evangelize 2400 
children in one complex" (E. Graff am). 

A SIMPLE REQUEST? Will you give sacri- 
fically to help supply the money for the food, 
clothing, blankets, medicine and bandages so 
urgently needed right now in Vietnam? 

PAST ACHIEVEMENT? In Vietnam, the 
WRC school lunch program, reaches approximately 
20 schools with 100 to 300 students in each. A 
widespread emergency program of distribution of 
food, clothing, blankets, medicine, and bandages 
was followed by a distribution of 15,000 Testa- 
ments and Scripture portions procured through 
the American Bible Society. 

SYSTEMATIC GIVING? Each church mem- 
ber should examine his church's Unified Budget 
to know how much is given to World Relief. 

PLEAS? Won't you please, please, please 
(that's a lot of pleas) admit you hear the pathetic 

APPRECIATION? "I want you to know agair 
how very much we appreciate the continued inter 
est, the prayer, the financial support that comes 
to us from the Ashland Brethren" (E. Graffam) 

SELF-HELP? In Vietnam, members of th( 
former carpentry class began to constiiict needec 
furniture out of bomb crates, and women fron 
the sewing class made clothing out of "food foi 
peace" sacks. 

QUESTIONS? Wouldn't you like to have < 
part in showing Christian love to these who hav< 
suffered so much? 

ANSWERS? "In our own country, if only i 
fraction of the enormous amounts spent on arm 
aments and highways were poured into housing 
medical care, education and carefully designei 
programs of rehabilitation — plus adequate finan 
cial assistance where jobs are not available — ^ther 
is reason to believe that poverty could be virtuall; 
eliminated in one decade" (J. Wilson). 

SHAME? "Our people at home, with thei 
affluent society, comforts of every description an 
food to waste, have little idea of the great agon, 
of body and soul of these people" (E. Graffam) . 

PSYCHOLOGY? You wouldn't want to cor 
tribute an extra $5.00 to ship another 100 pound 
of clothing, would you ? 

MULE PSYCHOLOGY? Don't you dai'e delil 
erately miss a meal each week as a symbol ( 
your desire to identify with the millions of hui 
gry fellow-earth-inhabitants ! ! ! ! ! 1 1 

Brethren Cliurches and 5 individuals contributfj 
$4,630 for World Relief. ' 

March 1, 1969 

Page Five 

COMMANDS? The WRC has been able to 
Drovide limited funds, through acceptable chan- 
lels, to aid the starving Biafrans. But much more 
nust be done! If WRC is to help, thousands of 
idditional dollars must be given to meet this need 
IS well as fulfill the heavy commitment in other 
ireas ! 

PRIZES? Sorry, no S & H Gi-een Stamps with 
his offer — just the inner peace and blessing of 

be closed. The greatest hazard to this undertaking 
is spiritual — the apathy bom of our very afflu- 
ence. The task of the Christian is cleai" — to fonii 
a conscience and spirit of caring that crossing all 
frontiers will drive home in season and out of 
season the worldwide obligation imposed upon us 
by our wealth — an obligation to undertake bold 
and constructive works for others that go far 
beyond anything we have yet undertaken. If we 
cannot do this, then like the salt that has no sav- 
our, we sliall in God's economy be fit only for a 
nuclear dung heap" (J. Wilson) . 

MOTTOES? "Bread for myself is a material 
:oncern; but bread for my brother is a spiritual 
oncern" (W. Rockey). 

THREATS? The wide gap between affluence 
md poverty is "the seedbed of revolution, class 
var and racial violence. Here is the real threat to 
)eace and order of the new nations of Africa, and 
.0 the stability of our neighbors in Latin America" 
:J. Wilson). 

REWARDS? "Then the king will say to those 
»n his right hand, 'You have my Father's blessing ; 
ome, enter and possess the kingdom that has 
)een ready for you since the world was made .' . . . 
\.nd the king will answer, T tell you this: any- 
hing you did for one of my brothers here, how- 
iver humble, you did for me!' " (Jesus Christ, 

URGENCY? "The call now is for peoples and 
governments alike to enlist in an all-out struggle 
'or man and against the age-old enemies of ignor- 
mce, poverty and disease. It is a call for massive 
>fforts in education, technical assistance, the pro- 
luction of electrical power, the assurance of better 
ind steadier prices for raw materials and a tariff 
structure less weighted against developing nations, 
t is a call for the recognition of the responsibility 
)f the strong to reach out a hand across the 
chasm' and shai'e the burden of the weak" — be- 
fore it is too late. (J. Wilson). 

SARCASM? I really hate to occupy so much 
)f your time reading this because I know most 
)f you ai'e giving all you possibly can already. 

OBLKJATION? "Ultimately the answer lies 
m the hearts of men. It is here that the gap must 

PERSONAL WORDS? "As I neared the good 
old U.S.A., I realized how privileged we are here. 
To be sui'e, there is some grinding poverty and 
personal tragedy, but it just does not compare 
with the acres of agony I observed in so many 
other lands. Need piled upon need the farther I 
went. I guess one has to see it to believe it. I was 
glad to see how much had been done in some areas, 
but I strongly feel we could, and should, do much 
more. This is certainly an hour of opportunity to 
minister in both a material and spiritual way" 
(E. Graff am). 

pick — but don't carry the idea too far and respond 
with "left-overs." 

Don't crowd out of your comfortable, little 
woild the crowds of desperate people all over God's 
big world! 

Which of the families you could feed will you 
keep hungry another day? Don't wait too long — 
they might be dead!!! 

Special Notice to: 




Please send all contributions for 
World Relief to: 

Mr. George Kerlin, Treasurer 
Route 4, Box 227 
Goshen, Indiana 46526 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Spontaneoi'' Unsolicitated 
THANKS "^ YOU, Brethren 

As contained in letters received by the Peace and World Relief Committee, 

FROM: Dr. Everett S. Graff am 

Executive Vice President 
World Relief Commission, Inc. 
The International Relief Arm of the 
National Association of Evangelicals 

Dr. Graffam, as he leads World 
Relief Workshop at the 1968 
General Conference. 

February, 1968: 

"How grateful we are for your continuing interest and financial aid. 
The crisis in Vietnam not only accelerated the problems but also the crying 
need to help the many thousands of homeless refugees. 

"You will be pleased to know that your gifts will help us to give both 
spiritual and physical aid to more than 50,000 Vietnamese each month 
this year. I am sure you can see that the number who wlD stiU be needing 
help may be multiplied by many, many thousands. 

"Our report for 1967 indicates that services rendered and food and 
clothing delivered was in excess of 15,000,800 pounds with a value of 
$1,600,000. The total number of men, women, and children helped in so many 
ways during 1967 exceeded 3,600,000. This represents several countries 
where we are privileged to serve in His name. 

"We are grateful for all you have done through prayer and participation." 

July, 1968: (Just after returning from Vietneim) 

"While it was a most profitable, interesting, and helpful trip, I must 
admit that many times it was a heartbreaking experience. Meeting 4,000 
bombed-out refugees living in the old elephant barns made by former 
kings of Hue, is indeed quite an experience. To pass out 1,000 blankets 
(in the name of many like your orgfanlzation who have helped purchase them) 
when ,50,000 are needed, is both rewarding and frustrating." 

July, 1968: (Prior to his visit to General Conference in Ashland) 

"Thank you for your willingness to share in travel expenses and room 
and board. You asked me to be candid about the honorarium. Actually, 

March 1, 1969 

Page Seven 

I feel that your organization is doing exceedingly far above and beyond any 
honorarium, and my services will be rendered in light of a small attempt 
on my part to indicate our profound appreciation for all of your help." 

September, 1968: 

"Greetings in Jesus' name. It hardly seems possible so many weeks have 
flown quickly by since our last opportunity of fellowship and discussion 
at the Ashland Conference. May I say again how thrilled I was to be with you, 
to meet the people there, to have an opportunity to participate and acquaint 
the people in more complete detail about the work of World Relief Commission." 

October, 1968: 

"I am grateful to you and Rev. Gentle, and appreciate everything that 
you all have done to help us do this important work in the name of your church 
and in the name of our Lord, for the good of people and the glory of 
His name." 

December, 1968: 

"I want you to know again how very much we appreciate the continued 
interest, the prayers, the financial support that comes to us from the 
Ashland Brethren. 

January, 1969 

"Please express to our good friends in the Ashland Brethren group our 
sincere gratitude for all they have done to help. I'm sure the people whom 
they have helped say thank you too." 

Places where Dr. Graffam has visited-- 

West Pakistan (Dr. Graffam i: 

"I visited several villages and observed 
schools, churches, and the condition of 
the parsonages. The churches want to 
be self-supporting, but they are so poor 
that their pastors live under very 
primitive conditions and work very 
hard, traveling to their many parishes 
bj' bicycle, or by foot. In that hot, dry 
climate, it is very debilitating. I was 
touched by their devotion to Christ 
and their people. 

"They would like to build permanent 
buildings rather than use the sun-baked 
brick which is so temporary. I told them 
that WRC would raise funds to pay 
for materials for fifteen buildings if 
they would do the work. They agreed. 
One parsonage is paid for now — fourteen 
more to go. Also eighteen bicycles 
are purchased for their use." 

Vietnam (Dr. Graffam): 

"Places which had been only names 
in the news were now towns where 
people were trying to live, or had 
ceased to live. I visited scliools, 
orphanages, hospitals, refugee centers, 
food-for-work projects — places where 
WRC is involved. Here there is no 
question that the War Without Guns 
is a battle for survival. At DaNang 
we drove by the military camp and saw 
an army of refugees, many of them 
children, scrounging aroimd for 
something to eat, to wear, or otherwise 

"One of the important weapons in 
the War Without Guns is education - 
and WRC is involved mostly in vocational 
and Cliristian lay leadership training 
in several locations. Both tj-pes of 
training were given at our school on 
a 30-acre farm on the outskirts of Hue." 


WRC helps children through its day- 
care nurseries. During 1968 WRC 
provided 22 million meals to children 
in Korea. 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 


1968 General ronference - Ashland, Ohio 

TICKETS cost $1.50 each at Redwood Dinning Hall on Wednesday 
evening of General Conference last August — which isn't so unusual. 
But the "guests" received only 60C worth of soup, crackers, beverage and 
service — and that is unusual! 

The other 90C per ticket lielped a starving child live another day. A total 
of 226 people expressed their concern in this way. All tickets sales and 
contributions netted .$268.40 for World Relief. 

"Soup Sippers for World Relief: Dr. Graffam, 
Re\. \Vm. Cole, Rev. Geo. Solomon. 

Some of the 226 Brethren attending Soup Supper in 
Redwood Dining Hall 

March 1, 1969 

Page Nine 

W. M. S. helps W. R. C. 

Women Sew for World Relief 

by MRS. (Bonnie) SUMMY 

XN EARLY OCTOBER, the World Relief Committee 
of General Conference sent a packet of materials 
:o the presidents of each W.M.S. group in our churches, 
md to the pastors as well. There were two folders — 
'Using Your Needle For God" and "8 Ways You Can 
^elp" — supplied by the World Relief Commission, Inc. 
Along with the folder were suggestions which came 
from the "Time of Sharing" at our closing session 
)f W.M.S at General Conference last August. Since 
:here may be some who haven't seen the complete list, 
lere it is again. 

. A sleeveless knit vest can be made from the following 
directions: (they prefer that these be made with 
(lark color yarn, such as navy, dark green or dark 
Materials: 2 oz. 3-ply wool yarn. 1 pair No. 2 needles. 

crochet hook. 
Back: Cast on 72 st. Knit 8" in ribbing (k.5,p. 

2) Cast off 5 St. at the beginning of next 
2 rows. Knit 3" in stocking stitch. 
Neck: K.15. Cast off 32 sts. Loosely K.15. Knit 

6 rows. Break off wool. Knit 6 rows on 
other side. Cast on 36 sts. Continue rib- 
bing to end of row. 
Front: Knit the yoke the same as back. Cast 

on 5 sts. at beginning of next 2 rows, 
then rib the same as back - 8". 
Finish: Crochet holes around neck with treble 

stitch. Crochet chain to go through holes. 
Do single crochet around armholes. 
We have included the complete directions for the 
vest since it doesn't require much yarn and is easy 
to knit - if you can knit. However, if you can't then 
the following ideas may help you. 
. Ask your women to donate materials ■ prints and 
outing flannels or wool. Use the larger pieces for 
dresses, gowns, slips, sacques, diapers, etc. The 
smaller pieces can be used for making quilts or com- 
fort tops. 

3. A "Finish-As-You-Go" quilt can be made from 41/2" 
squares of print or plain material and 4" squares of 
outing flannel. Space does not permit including the 
complete directions, but if you want a set, please 
write to tlie following address and she will be happy 
to send them to you: 

Mrs. Ray Summy 
502 Sandusky St. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

4. Lap robes can be knitted or crocheted from the 
many pattern books that are available for afghans, 
such as The Columbis Minerva Afghan Book - Vol. 
722. Tlie desired size for most lap robes would b? 
36" X 45". Lap robes can also be made from the same 
pattern as the "Finish-As- You-Go" quilt. 

5. There are many patterns available for caps, socks, 
mittens - also scarves, etc., to be either crocheted or 
knitted. Be sure to contact your local yarn shop, as 
they will sometimes donate soiled or obsolete yarn 
to be used for mission work. Some women who 
neither knit or crochet will donate money to buy 

6. You will also find many other ideas for making head 
scarves, shorts, hospital gowns, hospital bags, and 
directions for knitted bandages used on leprosy 
patients in the folder "Using Your Needle For God." 

7. Do not forget that bandages are still badly needed 
and can be made from discarded sheets. They can 
be either 2" or 3" in width and any length. Squares 
are also needed and can be either 3" or 4" ■ stacked 
in piles of 24 and tacked together with thread. They 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 

prefer the bandages be tied (with pieces ot sei\age 
from the sheets or left-over strips) rather than 
sewed shut. 

At the time this pacltet was mailed there were lour 
addresses included where you could mail your packages 
of clothing; Long Island City, N. Y.; Nappanee. Ind.; 
Modesto, Calif.; Los Angeles, Calif.; also the address 
for the Church World Service Center, New Windsor, 
Md., was given. Please Note the following change: do 
NOT send any clothing or blankets to the N. Y. address. 
They have discontinued processing clothing in N. Y. 
because of the high cost involved. Instead, send clothing 
and blankets postage pre-paid, to the center listed 
below that is nearest to you: 


P.O. Box 188 

New Windsor, Md. 

% Lyon Co. 
21776 3600 S. Grand Ave. 

Los Angeles. CaliL 90007 

7425 Ardmore St. Bo.x 140S7 
Houston, Texas 77021 

201 S. Main Street 
Nappanee, Ind. 465.50 

919 Emerald Ave. Box 3747 
Modesto, Cahf. 95352 

It will help if you will send 10(5 per lb. for clothing 
and 25c per blanket to help cover the cost of processing 
your clothing or blanket gift on its way overseas. Send 
all money to: 

World Relief Commission. Inc. 

33 - 10 36th Avenue 

Long Island City, N. Y. 11106 

From this packet you should find many ideas for 
sewing, knitting and crocheting. All of these ideas will 
help you to meet Goal No. 8 of your National Goals 

for W.M.S. (15 hours of sewing). 

Up to now there are only a few who have reported 
doing sewing work of any kind. We hope there are 
more who are sewing but have not reported to the 
National president, editor of the Outlook, or district 
president. One group has made quite a number of the 
sleeveless vests, mittens, wool scarves for men, child- 
ren's clothing and bed socks. They have also made 
comfort tops and hospital gowns from men's shirts. 
This group also plans to display finished articles in 
their church during the month of March, to encourage 
others to work on this project and to help boost the 
offering taken for World Relief. 

Another group has made bandages and squares, 
hospital gowns, crocheted booties and is starting to 
make lap robes using the "Finish-as-you-go" quilt 
pattern. They hope to make some for camp cots as 
well. One other society reported that they were plan- 
ning a larger offering this year, but didn't report 

Women, what are YOU doing with all of these ideas? 
But more important, what are you doing to relieve the 
suffering and the need of those less fortunate, espec- 
ially those in war-torn countries? 

Mrs. Ray (Bonnie) Summy, Member 
Brethren Peace and World Relief 

Almost 4,000 hand-knitte(i g-amients for Korean children 
Korean winters ai-e vei-y cold. These gai-nients contributed bv 
First Baptist Church in Collingswood, New Jersey. WRC ships 
thousands of garments like these from this church every yean 

Harch 1, 1969 

Page Eleven 

TWO YEARS OLD - and counting 

ESS than three years ago, General Conference au- 
__i thorized the Peace and World Relief Committee 
D publicize and administer a denomination-wide offer- 
ig appeal each Spring (in either March or April). 
:ontributions are channeled through the Committee's 
reasurer, George Kerlin, who forwards them to the 
Vorld Relief Commission of the National Association 
f Evangelicals. 

Only two years old, this venture — but showing real 
igns of stability and growth. In thai time, over $7,400 
as been received — and all but $323 (for expenses) was 
ent directly to the World Relief Commission. 

Here's the picture, in capsule form (Based on July 
D June fiscal year) : 

'ear Churches Individuals Receipts 

966-67 26 5 $1,564 

967-68 49 5 $4,630 

968-69 (to date) 13 1 $1,228 


The progress is encouraging — a good lift-off, but 
not the serenity and speed of orbital flight. The boosters 
are still intact! 

We're still counting — "Coiuiting" on God to bless you 
when you share, and to guide the use of every gift; 
"Counting" the money as it arrives for proper record 
keeping and banking; "Counting;" on Brethren people 
to increase their concern for those less-fortunate in the 

We all know we can "count" on God's blessing (when 
we're generous ) : You know that George Kerlin will 
gladly "count" the money (as it arrives); and we feel 
certain that those hungry, and naked, and cold persons 
around the world can "count" on Brethren people to 
love them (and e.xpress it in tangible ways). 

These churches have given to World Relief through 
the Brethren World Relief Committee within the last 
year (between February, 1968, and February, 1969). 

loutlieast District 

Mt. Olive" 
Oak Hill* 
St. James 

•ennsylvania District 

Brush VaUey 
Johnstown II* 
Johnstown HI 
Mt. Olivet 
White Dale 

central District 

Cedar Falls* 


Mid-West District 

Falls City* 



Ohio District 

Ashland (Park Street) 






Pleasant Hill 


Indiana District 












New Paris* 

North Manchester 



South Bend* 


Winding Waters 


Papago Park, Arizona* 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

(*) Those churches contributing for the first time. 

The record is good, but still the 51 churches listed 
above constitute less than one-lialf our total congre- 
gations. Greater participation means more people 
helped! See about adding your church to the list this 

Phil Lersch, chairman 

George Kerlin, treasurer 

Peace and World Relief Committee 

Page Twelve 

The Brethren Evangelist 


ft >\ 

• ■ ■ \ 

^^m^mmi^&&ai j^m^z^ 


Slow death by starvation for these pitiable Biafran children. 

Study their bodies . . . the eyes . . . the skin. 

Remember Christ's love for all . . . 

Consider your richness . . . 

Why can't you give Ten Bucks? . . . 

WRC sends funds to evangelical American consignees in Nigeria 
who are buying native food and taking it in. 

[Please give this page as much of youn 

time as you would if it were full 

of words. . . . STOP Look at those 

bodies again! Thanks.) 

March 1, 1969 

Page Thirteen 




Emergency feeding of children in Cliile. 

TT'S a grim human war against 

extinction, liunger, sickness, poverty, 
disaster, hopelessness, illiteracy, and 
spiritual darkness. It is more widespread, 
more devastating, more lasting in its 
effects than a shooting war which 
eventually ends. The pain it brings is 
deep, and often quiet, because it is 
the innocent who are trapped, the 
helpless who cannot voice their fear 
and need. Yet, the human spirit 
struggles on for identity and dignity. 

The anguish of the masses is 
individual and personal, such as: 

* the widow of a fighting man who 
is now sole support of the family, 

* the displaced tribal chief from the 
hills who is bewildered and homesick 

in a refugee camp, 

* the starving child scrounging for 
food in a military dump, 

Burundi, Africa 

This family escaped tlie slaughter in Rwanda. They walked 
over 100 miles — at night, hiding during the day. First they were 
given something to eat, and then fitted with clothing. 

Page Fourteen 

Vietnam : 

Dr. Graffam noticed a bullet liole througit tlie 
sewing machine head in a temporary vocational 
school in Hue, Vietnam, last summer. WRC is 
now back in its Christian Vocation Training 
Center on the outskirts of the city. 

This complex includes an elementary school, 
a vocational training center, and a farm and animal- 
husbandry division. Literacy for adults, Vietnamese 
history, and Bible are also taught. The CVTV is 
surrounded by five refugee camps. First-aid to war- 
injured children is part of the work of mercy by WRC. 

Vietnam : 

The slogan of WRC is "food for the 
body and food for the soul." Whenever 
a distribution is made some form of 
Gospel witness goes along with it. 
Here a Vietnamese pastor is assisted 
by a member of the Christian Youth 
Social Service corps, a youth group 
which volunteers one week out of six 
to help WRC help their own countrymen. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

* a leper patient who wants 
desperately to be self-supporting 
and self-respecting, 

* the unemployed family man who 
is frustrated, 

* the youth longing for an education. 

All need help and hope — for the here 
and the hereafter! 

Are these crushed and burdened 
people fighting this war alone? No, 

many of them are not, because other 
people care; and through the World 
Relief Commission, evangelical 
Christians have joined forces with the 
distressed in many areas overseas 
to fight this war by using materials 
and spiritual armament. 

The Apostle Paul said "our weapons 
are not carnal" (KJV) — "nor merely 
human, but divinely potent" (NEB). 
Help given in the name of Christ 
becomes more than bread or 
medicine, it becomes a weapon in the 
spiritual arsenal of the World War 
Without Guns. 

Mr. Wendell Rockey of ViTlC has 
aptly said "Bread for myself is a 
material concern; but bread for my 
brother is a spiritual concern." 

There is so much to tell — so much 
good being done through the WRC in 
the name of Jesus Christ. These 
words and pictures will help! 


March 1, 1969 

Page Fifteen 




EVERY NEWSPAPER we pick up to- 
day has some article dealing with 
resistance to war and the draft. We see 
and read of the draft card burners and 
riots that are often more violent and 
bloody than the war. We hear praised 
such men as Dr. Spock, Rap Brown and 
Stokely Carmichael who lead in anarchic 
movements against order and goverment. 
The S.D.S. and S.N.C.C. which have been 
unquestionably proven communistically 
oriented and directed subversive organ- 
izations are hailed as champions of demo- 
cracy and freedom by naive youth and 
adult alike and usually found at the fore- 
front of the so-called "peace movement." 
But the truly dangerous quality about 
these various groups is that they propose 
the deception that they are motivated 
by Christian principles of love. 

However, it is not our purpose to deal 
with these this morning but with the 
recent peace articles which appeared in 
the October 26 issue of The Brethren 
Evangehst, because these have aroused 
both questioning and anger on the part 
of many; and, because several have asked 
me to comment on whether this was truly 
the Brethren position on war, pacifism 
and non-resistance. In the time allotted, 
it is impossible to deal with all the pros 
and cons involved. One of the primary 
principles involved is that of the separ- 
ation of Church and State. There are 
those that claim that the Christian has 
only one allegiance, that to the Kingdom 
of Christ, which precludes obedience to 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

any earthly government. There is not 
time to deal in detail with this issue ex- 
cept to say that the approacli of this 
message is rejecting such a radical claim 
both as impossible, impractical and un- 
scriptural. This message will confine it- 
self to an analysis of the principles of 
theology involved in the several articles 
written on the question as printed in The 

The Historic Position of the Brethren 

There is no question that The Brethren 
Church is recognized throughout the 
world as one of three major "peace 
churches" — the Quakers, the Mennonites 
and the Brethren. We are registered with 
our government as opposing war as a 
means of solving international disputes. 

The Colonial Brethren Churcli refused 
to bear arms in the Revolutionary War. 
Its offical position was that of a com- 
pletely non-resistant attitude. However, 
the hypocrisy of this approach is revealed 
in their hiring of others to take their 
places in the ranks of service, which was 
permitted by law. It would seem that 
these Brethren were not so much opposed 
to war as to their participation in it. Nor 
were they that concerned with spreading 
the doctrine of non-resistance as to en- 
courage others to refuse to resist but, 
instead, hired others to resist for them. 
The second reflection of this hypocrisy is 
revealed in their practice of refusing to 
sell their grain to either side lest they 
be guilty of aiding the conflict. They 
would not send their grain to market for 
fear that it might be confiscated by either 
friend or enemy. To solve the problem 
many set up stills, converted their grain 
into whiskey and sold it to both sides! I! 

In the light of the preceding it is ques- 
tionable whether Brethren tradition is the 
most worthy example for the present- 
day Church. In fact, it is questionable 
whether this even ought to be the position 
of The Brethren Cliurch today. Such 
teachings as: "Thou shalt not kill"; "love 
your enemy, do good to those who de- 
spitefully use you"; etc., need to be inter- 
preted in the light of the entire Scripture 
rather than in versicle isolation. The 
commandment, "Thou shalt not kill" is 
not a blanket condemnation of every act 
of taking a man's life. It is not a mandate 
against capital punishment as some would 
think. The primary meaning of the com- 
mandment is "Thou shalt do no murder." 
It forbids taking the life of another out 
of hatred or search for vengeance. 

It is also questionable whether a church 
ought to deliberately seek to indoctrinate 
its people to a non-rosistant state where 

they refuse to share the common decen- 
cies and responsibilities of defending the 
weak and innocent against the ravages 
of indecent and ungodly men. The man 
who would refuse to resist an intruder 
into his home when it threatened the lives 
committed to his protection is unfaithful 
to the marriage covenant. Likewise a 
powerful nation which would stand by 
and let an aggressor ravage a weak 
neighbor without lifting a hand to help 
would be guilty of violating the law of 

Israel was condemned for apathj' and 
failure to assist the weak, helpless and 
needy in her midst. The tendency is to 
oversimplify the issues and to ignore the 
complexities of a pluralistic, religious 
world. The tendency is toward a too 
superficial examination of Biblical teach- 
ing. Many see the tree but miss the forest 
of which one tree is only a part. By ex- 
amining one oak tree we say that the for- 
est is oak. But the final description of the 
forest must be made in the light of its 
total composition. Likewise a Biblical doc- 
trine is dependant upon proper exegesis 
and is composite of the many teachings 
on the issue in question. 

Analysis of Some of Tlie Statements in I 
the Peace Articles: 

Some of the issues in question can be 
clarified through an analysis of some 
statements in the "peace" articles in The 
Brethren EvangeUst of October 26, 1968. 

The first article was written by Mr. 
Tom O'Connor who is editor of the Allen- 
dale County Citizens, Allendale, South 
Carolina, entitled, "War Death Not God'si 
Will." It is an account of some of his re- 
flections upon the death and funeral of 
his son who was killed in the war in 'Viet 
Nam. His conclusion is: 

"I cannot accept my son's death as 

a matter of God's will. I must reject a 

God who would create so well and then 

purposedly destroy. The God I worship! 

is a God of creation." 

First of all let it be affirmed that God 
did not destroy the son of Tom O'Connor 
but rather this is the result of the sinful 
system which claims men in many ways 
as its victim. Secondly, if Tom O'Connor 
"must reject a God who — would purposely 
destroy," then he must reject the God of 
the Christian faith. There are many in-i 
stances in which God specifically com-i 
manded the destruction of not only men,- 
but also women and children. There are? 
specific commands to completely annihi-i 
late such cities as Sodom and Gomorrah.i 
the people of Noah's time, the Canaanites 
and the Midianites (Numbers 31:1-2, 7 

Uareh 1, 1969 

Page Seventeen 

Another statement by Mr. O'Connor is 
that: "God's own Son died because of the 
wilfulness of man, unheeding the plea 
for peace on earth." 

Let it be understood that there is an 
element of truth in this statement. Jesus 
Christ did die because of the sinfulness 
of men but not necessarily because those 
men of His day were sinful haters of 
God. If these men would have been His 
friends Jesus Christ would still have 
needed to die because of the sin which 
began in The Garden and infected the 
lives of all men who followed. In fact, 
The Scriptures tell us that it was God's 
specific purpose in sending Christ, that 
He should be killed!! If men would not 
have sacrificed Jesus Christ, God Himself 
would have had to find a way!! It is true 
that men did kill Jesus but that was 
Jesus' purpose in coming; but on the 
other hand, might it be said that men did 
not kill Jesus: He gave His life that they 
might live. This would seem like the 
truer analysis of the death of Tom O'Con- 
nor's son. God didn't kill him, sinful men 
did; but he gave his life that others might 

The second article with which we shoidd 
deal is found on page 7 of The Brethren 
Evang:elist, "Man's Last Inalienable, In- 
human Right," and was written by Donald 
Wells, Chairman of the Department of 
Philosophy at Washington State Univer- 
sity. He makes this statement after citing 
statistics of the human losses of this war: 
"It is this monstrous extermination 
parading under the banner of civilized 
nations that needs a new look today. It 
is the blithe assumption that there are 
"some things more important than life," 
that has lost all human savor. Once this 
thesis is granted, then the whole mis- 
erable history of human brutality fol- 
lows, and we "justify" scattering human 
corpses like fertDizer to nurture ephe- 
meral nationalism." 
It is perfectly true that this philosophy 
is that which gives an aggressor the 
daring to transgress the rights of others. 
But is this the same philosophy of the 
victim or the resistor or protector of the 
weak? Are there actually any values 
more important than human life? Jesus 
said, "Greater love hath no man than 
this, that a man will lay down his life for 
a friend." 

A second statement of Mr. Wells is: 

"Whether we slay our brothers to 
save face or property a value commit- 
ment has been made that will generally 
make war the lesser of two evils." 

Hero the question is, is it fair to group 
the aggressor and defender together un- 

der one moti.ational heading? Are "sav- 
ing face" or "material property" the only 
objectives of war? This might well en- 
compass the motivation of the aggressor, 
but are these the only possibUities of the 
defenders? It remains to be proven that 
nonresistance to today's communistic ad- 
vance has resulted in the advancement 
of love or the Kingdom of Christ among 
communistically governed peoples. In fact, 
the opposite is true; where Communism 
has been given free sway, the Christian 
witness has virtually ceased. Note again 
how Mr. Wells superficially groups ag- 
gressor and resistor under one motiva- 
tional philosophy ; 

"By this Alice In Wonderland logic 
we then called the Germans beasts for 
bombing England, while the Allies were 
simply shrewd tacticians when they laid 
waste to Dresden. The Japanese were 
sneaky at Pearl Harbor, while we were 
clever at Nagasaki." 
It iias been generally agreed that the 
dropping of the bomb on Nagasaki 
actually saved lives inasmuch as it is 
estimated that it would have cost millions 
of lives to have brought the war to a 
conclusion by invading Japan and resulted 
in widespread destruction as opposed to 
the thousands who lost their lives in 
Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the rela- 
tively confined property loss. 

Mr. Wells makes the following state- 
ments concerning the findings of The Nye 

"Between the two World Wars Amer- 
icans conducted two contradictory cam- 
paigns with regard to human slaughter. 
On the one hand, there were peace 
movements designed to promote the 
means that take away the stimuli to 
war. On the other hand, Americans 
developed the entire military-industrial 
complex on the thesis that war-making 
was an American economic right. The 
Nye Committee, for example, exposed 
the infamous "merchants of death" who 
were quite badly engaged in the busi- 
ness of making and nurturing wars. 
The American arms, aircraft, heavy 
equipment and gun powder industries 
were (the Nye Committee points out) 
not only selling weapons to both sides 
in wars, but when business lagged, they 
sent emissaries around the world to 
create wars where none had existed." 
Let is simply be said that what "mer- 
chants of death" did in scheming secrecy 
does not warrant a blanket condemnation 
and a resultant complicity on the part of 
a nation as a whole. 
Again Mr. Wells states: 

"There is, perhaps no way of deter- 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

mining wliat should have happened had 
America been wilhng to join with other 
peace seething nations in the League 
of Nations in its effort to provide an 
alternative to war. The dismal fact is, 
however, that the League struggled 
without American backing, and the 
currant unwillingness of our own ad- 
ministration to use the United Nations 
as an adjudicator, makes it equally un- 
likely that World War III will be 

The naivety of those who seek "peace- 
ful coexistence" with atheistic Commu- 
nism is shared by Mr. Wells who fails to 
recognize the impossibility of accord of 
Communism with freedom and individual 
worth, or atheism with theism. Both the 
League of Nations without participation 
of the United States and the United Na- 
tions with her full participation and co- 
operation have shown themselves woe- 
fully inept and ineffective in dealing with 
international problems. To attempt to 
conciliate with philosophies of govern- 
ment and relationship of peoples with one 
another between those nations that are 
pagan, atheistic or non-Christian and 
those who are directed by a theistic, and 
more specifically. Christian approach is 
like trying to mix oil and water. The an- 
swer to peace in the world still lies in 
the Gospel's conquest of men and nations 
so that we all have one spirit. 

The last article with which we shall 
deal is found on page 9: "Can Amer- 
ica Break the Cycle of Empires?" It 
was written by J. W. Fulbright, Chair- 
man of the Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee. Mr. Fulbright charges that 
the function of all great powers is 
not law and order but "the exercise and 
expansion of power beyond its borders" 
(colonialism). He further states that 
"Powerful nations have always devoted 
the major part of their resources to build- 
ing empires." Is this really true of Amer- 
ica? It might be true that there is a cer- 
tain necessary attempt to influence other 
nations beyond our borders which is the 
prerogative, and a necessary one, for all 
nations but it cannot be said of America 
that she has attempted to enlarge her 
borders at the expense of or against the 
wishes of other nations since the time 
that her original boundaries were estab- 
lished (with the exception, perhaps of 
The Mexican War.). Additions to the 
possessions of the United States have 
largly been through petition of the peo- 
ples involved. 

A second statement of Mr. Fulbright is: 

"But our youth are wiser than their 

elders; they know that our future will 

not be shaped by some nonexistent 
"law" of politics but by human choice 
or susceptibility. They see their country 
succumbing, sliding toward an imper- 
ial destiny — and they are crying out 
against it. They are crying out for 
America to return to its history and its 
promise, and in their crying out lies 
the hope that it will." 
Can the action of the leftist oriented 
youth rebellion be classified as wisdom? 
How can America "return to its history 
and its promise" when these are the very 
things that are being denounced and des- 
troyed by the youthful rebellion? 

Conclusion : 

The factors that are often overlooked 
in the argument of peace, war and non- 
resistance is cogently presented in Dr. 
C. F. Yoder's book, "God's Means of 

"Rulers are not a terror to the good 
work, but to the evD. And wouldst thou 
have no fear of the power? Do that 
which is good, and thou shalt have 
praise from the same: for he is a min- 
ister of God to thee for good. But if 
thou do that which is evil, ba afraid; for 
he beareth not the sword in vain (Rom. 

"The principal of this passage just- 
ifies not only the exercise of police 
power in maintaining law and order at 
home, but in all places where the gov- 
ernment has rightful authority. It was 
clearly the duty of America to put a 
stop to the atrocities in Cuba, although 
it is not clear that a war was necessary 
to do it. It was in accordance with this 
principal that the Israelites were used 
to punish Canaanites, whose cup of in- 
iquity had been filling for more than i 
400 years (Gen. 15:16). As the neighbor 
of an individual is anyone whom he 
may help (Luke 10:36), so the neighbor 
of a nation is any people whom that 
nation may help. And if the giving of 
help requires that the sword be born 
against the thieves, as well as caring 
for their victim, the nation must then 
be "a terror to the evil." But Christian 
nations have no riglit to resort to the 
sword merely to settle their contentions. 
Though war may be inevitable among! 
the barbarous nations, which like the 
animals know no better than to fight 
for what they want; yet nations that' 
have heard the Gospel of the love ofi 
God ha\'e no excuse for savagery. The 
same principles that forbid individual 
Christians to go to law with one. 
another forbid Christian nations to wan 
with one another (pp. 503-504). 
Note his statement: "Christian nations' 

March 1, 1969 

Page Nineteen 

have no right to resort to the sword 
merely to settle their contentions!!!" 

"There is no excuse for war between 

Clu'istian nations ever to show its gory 

hoofs again" (p. 509). 

The Biblical principles of non-resis- 
tance usually have application to the 
Christian in a personal, individual situa- 
tion with his enemy. The object of non- 
resistance is to display love and tolerance 
in the hope of helping him to see Christ 
in us. This way is outlined in Matthew 5: 
3848. I do not beheve that it is the Lord's 
intention that this is the only way of 
relating to our enemies but that it is so 
foreign to human nature that generally, 
it is the last measure that a man would 
try to make his enemies his friends 
rather than the first. An illustration from 
life will show what I mean: There was 
a bully in our grade school who was very 
aggressive and continually picked on any- 
one he could find; it didn't matter whether 
they were larger or smaller than he. I 
had no quarrel with this fellow, in fact 
in many ways, I liked him. I tried to 
treat him civilly and as a friend, but he 
decided that he would "pester" me and 
see if he could draw me into a fight. Hi? 
badgering began and continued to grow 
more aggressive as he saw I would not 
be baited and accept his challenge to fight. 
Finally, one evening he waited for me 
and told me it was fight or else. I laughed 
at him and told him I was not angry and 
saw nothing to fight about but said that 
if that was what he wanted, he would 
have to begin it. He was just a small 
fellow but full of fight and furious that 
I should laugh at him. So on he came 
with fists flailing. Ever\' time he would 
rush at me, I would hit him on the nose 
until it was bleeding profusely. Finally 
he gave up, not having laid more than 
one or two blows on me. The strange 
thing about the situation was that he 
was waiting the next morning to walk to 
school with me, and we have been the 
best of friends with hardly ever again 
so much as an angry word exchanged the 
rest of our lives. I never did hate the 
fellow even when I was hitting him on 
the end of his nose, but in this case, it 
was standing up to resist that made him 
my friend, something that my previous 

nonresistance never was able to ac- 

Despite this illustration let it be under- 
stood that the Bible teaches that true 
Christians who know the spirit of love 
and tolerance do not need to result to 
violence to solve their disputes. 

Note that the New Testament teaching 
on this subject is almost always on the 
individual, personal basis rather than in 
relation to groups or nations. Neither 
does it give much direct illustration of 
situations of intervention on behalf of 
the needy or weak (Except for Peter in 
the Garden which was an exceptional 
situation.) What if the Good Samaritan 
had happened along the road to Jericho 
a little earlier, at the time of the robbery? 
Do you think Jesus would have taught 
that he should have stood by until the 
robbers had done their work, or would 
there have been a condemnation of such 
an attitude? Is the old time-worn cliche, 
"There is no Christian way to kill a man," 
really true on close examination? On the 
surface it would appear to be true but 
note that the Bible forbids an attitude of 
hatred or veng;eance even in war or re- 
sistance. It is this lack of love and desire 
for revenge which is the damning quality. 
I can think of instances where there 
might be no other alternative to killing 
a man as the lesser of two evils. 

In relation to the bearing of arms in 
the service of one's country God demands 
obedience to the Christian conscience, 
whether in serving or in rejecting the 
bearing of arms. Whatever way the 
Christian had adopted, it must stand the 
test of scrutiny by the total Scripture — 
there must be a "right dividing of the 
Word of Truth." God will never bless the 
greedy, hateful aggressor but He has 
promised: "Blessed are the peacemakers, 
for they shall be called the children of 
God" (Matt. 5:9). 

Whether a soldier bearing arms to pro- 
tect the oppressed, an "1-A-O," a "CO" or 
"IW," the Lord has commanded: "If it 
be possible, as much as lieth in you, live 
peaceably with all men" (Rom. 12:18). 
"Let us therefore foUow after the things 
which make for peace, and the things 
wherewith one may edify another" (Rom. 

A message delivered at the First Brethren 
Church in Elkhart, Indiana, on January 12, 

Page Twenty 

The Brethren Evangelist | 

Bethlehem, Va. Dr. John F. Locke, 
pastor, reports through the church 
bulletin that the entire debt on 
the church building has been paid 
off. The debt was incurred when 
some extensive remodeling was 
done on the church. 

Levittown, Pa. The church has just 
recently embarked upon a steward- 
ship program tliat is proving to 
be quite successful. 

Rev. Robert Keplinger who has 
been pastor of the church for the 
past several years will be termin- 
ating tliis pastorate within the 
next few montlis. 

Mansfield, Ohio. The congregation 
is now in an intensive training 
program for Sunday school per- 
sonnel as well as other members 
of the church who will be par- 
ticipating in a visitation program 
early in the spring. Rev. Fred 
Burkey, Director, the Board of 
Cliristian Education, is in cliarge 
of the sessions. 

The new building is to be com- 
pleted before too long. The heat 
is in and the interior is now being 

New Lebanon, Ohio. The auditor- 
ium of the cliurch is being re- 
modeled, according to Rev. Donald 
Rowser, pastor, and the work is 
coming along very well. 

Bryan, Ohio. Through the church 
newsletter it was learned that the 
Good Will Class of the Sunday 
school paid special tribute to Mrs. 
Ruth Diehl for her twenty-five 
years of teaching the class. A fel- 
lowship meal was enjoyed by the 
class members at a local restau- 
rant. Mrs. Diehl was presented 
several gifts in appreciation of her 
work down through the years. 

Flora, Ind. Rev. Clarence R Kind- 
ley, pastor, was in charge of the 
radio devotions over station WSAL 
the week of February 9. 

On Sunday evening, January 19, 
1969, Mr. and Mrs. Russell Flora 
were ordained to the offices of 
Deacon and Deaconess. Rev. Wood- 
row Immel, pastor of the First 
Brethren Clrurcli of North Man- 
chester, Indiana, preached the 
ordination sermon. 

Fort Wayne, Ind. Worsliip services 
have begun at Fort Wayne, accord- 
ing to the Elkhart Newsletter. 
The first meeting found 16 pres- 
ent at the Glenbrook Shopping 
Mall Auditorium. On February 2, 
98 were present for a film on 
evangelism; 33 remained for a 
worship service which followed. 

Jlilford, Ind. Rev. Albert Curtright 
announces that on Sunday after- 
noon, March 16, Mr. and Mrs. Glen 
Bixler will be ordained to the 
offices of Deacon and Deaconess. 
He also announced that he and 
Mrs. Curtright were presented 
witli their fourteenth grandchild 
as of February 13, 1969, when 
Jeremy Scott was born to Richard 
and Gracie (Curtright* Crubaugh 
of Orland, Indiana. 

South Bend, Ind. Re\". Jolin Byler 
reports that as of February 16, 
1969, the new educational building, 
except for the carpeting, is now 
complete. Much of the work was 
done by the laymen of the church. 

Cerro Gordo, III. Rev. Elmer Keck, 
pastor, reports tliat a Bible read- 
ing program has been instituted 
in the church and that several 
young people have been doing a 
great deal of reading. 

The community is involved with 
a United Evangelism program 
with five religious dramas being 

presented as well as three mes- i 
sages presented by Dr. Vernie 
Barnett of Decatur, Illinois. 

3Iulvane, Kans. The newly estab- 
lished Missionary Committee of 
the Mulvane church is actively 
pursuing its work of promoting 
missions in the local church. They 
have programmed a "Missionary 
of the Month" for the coming i 
year, and are encouraging the | 
writing of letters to that mission- 
ary by three members of the I 
church. The committee is also 
working on the Third Annual 
Missionary Conference for the 
Fall of 1969. 


KEIL. Mr. Ernest Keil passed 
away on August 22, 1968. He was 
a member of the Carleton, Nebraska, 
Brethren Church. Funeral services 
were conducted in the cliurch by 
Rev. Francis Shenefelt. 

Mrs. Alta Rachow 

BAKER. Mr. Frank Baker passed 
passed away in November of 1968. 
He was a member of the Carleton, 
Nebraska, Brethren Clturcli. Funeral 
services were conducted in the 
churcli by Rev. Francis Shenefelt. 
Burial was in the Carleton Com- 
et erj'. 

Mrs. Alta Rachow 

ROWE. Mrs. Mertie Rowe of 
Hebron, Nebraska, passed away on 
January 8, 1969. She was a member 
of the Carleton, Nebraska, Brethren 
Church. Funeral services were con- 
ducted in the churcli by the Rev. 
Francis Shenefelt and burial was in 
the Carleton Cemetery. 
* * » 

GILBERT. Mrs. Ada Gilbert, 
aged 85, passed away on Tuesday, 
January 7, 1969. She was a member 
of the Second Brethren Church in 
Johnstown, Pennsylvania. The fu- 
neral was conducted by the under- 
signed on January 10, 1969, at the 
John Henderson Funeral Home. 
Burial was at the Headrick Ceme- 
tary, Headrick, Pennsylvania. 

Rev. Josepli Hanna 

a * A 

WETZEL. Richard Allen Wetzel, 
eight-month-old son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Richard Wetzel, Jr., passed away 
on Tuesday, February 4, 1969. Grave- 

March X, 1969 

Page Twenty-one 

side service was conducted by Rev. 
Glenn Shank and burial was in tlie 
St. Lulve Brethren Church Cemetery. 
Mrs. Frankie Derflinger 

* :(: * 

FLORA. Mr. Neal H. Flora, age 
63, passed away on Monday, Janu- 
ary 27, 1969. He was a member of 
the First Brethren Church of Flora, 
Indiana. Funeral services were held 
on Wednesday, January 29, at the 
church with Rev. Clarence Kindley, 
pastor, in charge. Burial was in the 
Maple Lawn Cemetery of Flora, 

Mrs. Gladys Flora 

:[: * ^ 

KENDALL. Mrs. Dottie Kendall, 
aged 80, passed away on Wednesday, 
August 28, 1968. She was a member 
of the Glenford, Ohio, Brethren 
Church. Funeral services were held 
in Somerset, Ohio, by the undersign- 
ed, with interment in the Highland 
Cemetery, Glenford. 

Rev. William Walk 

* * * 

ABSHIRE. Mrs. Mable Abshire, 
aged 88, passed away in late Janu- 
ary. Her funeral was conducted by 
the undersigned on Wednesday, Jan- 
uary 26, 1969. She was a member of 
the First Brethren Church of Roann, 

Rev. Herbert Gilmer 
* * • 

LOCKHART. Miss Hope Ann 
Lockhart, aged 16, daughter of Rob- 
ert and Arlene Lockhart of Bryan, 
Ohio, passed away on Friday, Jan- 
uary 24, 1969, very suddenly. 

Funeral services were conducted 
by the undersigned on January 27. 
Interment was in the Shiftier Cem- 
etery. She was a member of the 
First Brethren Church of Bryan, 

Rev. M. W. Dodds 


FINKS-GARNER. Miss Patricia 
Ann Finks, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Louis J. Finks, became the 
bride of Mr. Harold H. Garner, Jr., 
son of Mr. and Mrs. Harold H. Gar- 
ner, Sr., on Saturday, December 28, 
1968, in the Maurertown Brethren 
Church, Maurertown, Virginia. The 
bride's pastor, Rev. Glenn Shank, 

Mrs. Frankie Derflinger 

Jean Thomas, daughter of Rev. and 
Mrs. Carl D. Thomas, Fremont, 
Ohio, became the bride of Mr. 
Donald Leonard Robson, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Henry Robson of Duryea, 
Pennsylvania, in a double ring cer- 
emony performed by her uncle, Rev. 
W. E. Thomas, and her father, Rev. 
Carl D. Thomas. The ceremony was 
performed on Sunday afternoon, 
January 19, 1969, at the Fremont 
Brethren Church. 

The couple wiU reside on campus 
of Nyach Missionary College where 
Mrs. Robson will graduate this 

Mrs. Carl Thomas 


Hagerstown, 3Iaryland 

Revival Services 
April 14 - 20, 1969 
Rev. Donald Rowser, Evangelist 
Rev. W. St. Clair Benshoff, 

St. James, 3Iarjland 

Revival Services 

March 16 - 21, 1969 

Rev. Jerry Flora, Evangelist 

Rev. James Naff, Pastor 

South Bend (Ardniore), Indiana 

Evangelistic Services 

April 6 - 13, 1969 

Rev. Wm. Anderson, Evangelist 

Rev. C. Wm. Cole, Pastor 

Cerro Gordo, Illinois 

Revival Services 

March 17 - 27, 1969 

Rev. W. E. Thomas, Evangelist 

Rev. Elmer M. Keck, Pastor 

Jlulvane, Kansas 

Revival Services 

April 9 - 20, 1969 

Rev. Gene HoUinger, Evangelist 

Rev. Carl Barber, Pastor 


The Trinity Brethren Church of 
Canton, Ohio, will be in need of a 
pastor as of July 1, 1969. 

Anyone interested, please contact: 

Mr. Thomas Stoffer 
332 47th N.W. 
Canton, Ohio 44709 


Houston, Texas (EP) — The wo- 
man who was instrumental in getting 
prayer removed from public schools 
waiits it banned also in outer space. 

Mrs. Madalyn Mui-ray O'Hair, after 
heai-ing words of prayer radioed by 
the three astronauts as they circled 
the moon, said: "I think that they 
were not only ill-advised but that it 
was a tragic situation . . ." 

The noted atheist said she would 
register a protest with the National 
Ah' and Space Administration which, 
she declared, had prompted the three 
test pilots hi scheduling the prayer. 


Havana (EP) -— The view of the 
church by officials in Commiuiistic 
Cuba is that it will die by itself and 
little effort wUl be needed to banish 
it from the island. 

This opinion was given reporters 
Ijy the Rev. Carlos Manuel de Cesped- 
es, great-grandson of a Cuban war 
hero and a member of the Roman 
Catholic church. 

On any given Sunday, the pastor 
oibs6r\'ed, the people going to church 
can hardly be noted among the hun- 
dreds riding out on trucks to agricul- 
tural work. 

"The majority of people going to 
church are old people," he said. 
"Very few children and youngsters 
go to church." 

He doesn't beheve young people 
have lost the faith, however. "If you 
scratch a little, you find the ideoJogi- 
cal penetration for atheism is not 

Considered a Roman Catholic coon- 
ti-y, Cuba actually saw only abouit 
two per cent of its population attend- 
ing mass immediately before Fidel 
Castro came to power. 


Gorki, So\'iet Union (EP) — A poll 
by the Young Communist League 
Magazine here revealed that 60 per 
cent of the babies bom in this lax-ge 
industrial city were I>aptized, despite 
a helf-centui-y of official atheism in 
the Soviet Union. 

Molcdoi Koniniiinist, the periodical, 
stated tliat most of the parents had 
listed themselves as atheists, but 61 
per cent had said their families had 
urged baptism. Another 23 per cent 
said they regarded baptism as an old 
Russian oustxwn. 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 



April 22 - 24, 1969 

Ashland Theological Seminary, Ashland, Ohio 

Registration Fee - $5.00 

■"pWE THEME for the conference will be centered on 
1 "Church Renewal." Our speakers for the confer- 
ence are Dr. J. C. Wenger, Professor of Historical 
Theology, Goshen College Mennonite Bibhcal Seminary, 
Goshen, Indiana; Professor J. Ray Klingensmith, Head 
of the Department of Bible, Ashland College; and Dr. 
Raymond Swartzback of the College of Wooster, Woo- 
ster, Ohio, who has had a wide experience and tangible 
success in inner-city churches. 

The committee suggests that the following books be 
read before the conference: God's Word Written, bj' 
J. C. Wenger; Nine Roads to Renewal, by W. Howard; 
and Hellbent for Election, by P. Speshock. These books 
are available at the Bretliren Publishing Company, 524 
College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio. Please send your monej- 
order in early. 

Pastors will be receiving very shortly by means of 
a mailing from Central Council a little booklet entitled: 
Tomorrow's Church Today by Lawrence Richards which 
should be read by every pastor. 


6:00 p.m. 

1:00 p.m. 

2:00 p.m. 
2:45 p.m. 
3:15 p.m. 
4:00 p.m. 

Tuesday, April 'i'2 

Praise and Devotions 

Speaker Dr. J. C. Wenger 

"Renewal Through God's Word" 
Fellowship and "Talk-It-Over-Groups" 

Speaker Dr. Wenger 


9:00 a.m. 

10:00 a.m. 
10:15 a.m. 
11:00 a.m. 
12:00 noon 
1:30 p.m. 

2:30 p.m. 
3:30 p.m. 
4:30 p.m. 
6:00 p.m. 

9:00 a.m. 

10:30 a.m. 

11:00 a.m. 

11:30 a.m. 

12:15 p.m. 

Seminary Friends and Alumni Banquet 

Speaker Prof. J. Ray Klingensmith 

"The Church as a Redemptive Center 
For Renewal" 

Place United Methodist Church 

Claremont Avenue 
Wednesday, April 33 
Praise and Devotions 

Speaker . . . Dr. Raymond H. Swartzback 
"The Experience of Renewal in the 
Traditional Church" 
Coffee Break 

Speaker Dr. Swartzback 

Panel .... Dr. Wenger and Dr. Swartzback 


Praise and Devotions 

Speaker Dr. Wenger 

Panel and Dr. Wenger 

Fellowship Supper . . Park Street Brethren 

(a simple meal will be served as we meet 
together in small groups and continue 
our discussion) 

Thursday, April 24 
Praise and Devotions 

Coffee Break and Fellowship Time 
Evaluation and Committee Reports 
Inspirational Message . . Prof. Klingensmith 

Sarasota, Florida 

1 reached an all-time high this month of 514 for 
its Morning Worship Service with the pastor setting 
a new goal of 600. The Sunday School set a new attend- 
ance record of 371. Prayer meeting attendance is aver- 
aging over 100. This year we also had a Sunday evening 
attendance record of 248. At a special called congrega- 
tional meeting this year, a building committee was 
organized to present plans to the congregation for a 
new church sanctuary seating 600 with additional space 
to be provided by a balcony with the possibility of 

incorporating further room for expansion. The present 
church building will be converted into thirteen Sunday 
School Classrooms which are desperately needed. 

The Sarasota Board of Christian Education invited 
Mr. Fred Burkey to First Brethren where we had the 
rare privilege of hearing and sitting under his leader- 
ship. Mr. Burkey is one of the outstanding Christian 
leaders in the field of Sunday School in the Brethren 

During this month the congregation purchased a 
new four-bedroom parsonage in Carolina Estates, a 

March 1, 1969 

Page Twenty-three 

thriving building development. The new address is: 
605 Caruso Place, Sarasota, Florida 335S0. The cliurch 
also voted to hire Mr. Steve Swihart during the summer 
months as an assistant to the pastor. Mr. Swihart is 
a graduate of Manatee College and a student at the 
University of South Florida where he is participating 
in the "Cooperative Education" program. Mr. Swihart 
received a call to the ministry from the First Brethren 
Church in Sarasota and will be attending Ashland 
Theological Seminary in the near future. 

—Rev. J. D. Hamel 


for the 

Linwood, Md. 

Alt. Olive, McGaheysville, Va. 
Pennsylvania District 

Calvary, Pittstown, N. Jer. 

Cameron, W. Va. 

Johnstown II 

Johnstown III 

Quiet DeU, Pa. 
Indiana District 

College Corner 



Matteson, Bronson, Mich. 



Ohio District 





Pleasant Hill 

Walcreit, Mansfield, O. 
3Iid West District 

Falls City, Nebr. 

Morrill, Kans. 
C';Jiicrnia District 

Manteca, CaJif. 

(Report compiled by the Central Coun- 
cil Office foa- the Goals Committee.) Com- 
mittee: Samuel Stinson, Gene Hollinger, 
Robert Hoffman, Cecil Bolton, Jr., Mrs. 
Eton Swihart, Mrs. Robert Kroft. 

(No changes were presented in the 19(>8 
conference, so the reports for 1968-69 
conference year will be on the same basis 
as this report.) 

QIXTY-FOUR congregations had filed reports vvlien tliis tabulation was 
"^ made. Others may have filed later and are not included. These goals 
included changes made in the 1967 General Conference. In the following 
report many churches showed marked pi'ogress goalwise over the prev- 
ious year : 


Vinco, Pa. 


Pleasant View, Vandergrift. Pa.. 


Goshen, Ind. 

New Paris, Ind. 


Park Street, Ashland, O 

60 % 

St. James, Md. 



Roann, Ind. 


Tempo, Ariz. 


Smithville, O. 


Dayton, O. 



Ardmore, Ind. 

55 V2 

Ft. Scott, Kans. 



Sarasota, Fla. 


Garber, Ashland, O.; St. Petei-s- 



Mulvane, Kans. 

burg, Fla. 


Lanark, 111. 

54 1.. 

Muncie, Ind. 


Nappanee, Indiana 


Teegarden, Ind. 



Fairless Hills-Levittown, 



Pittsburgh, Pa. 


Loree, Ind.; Maurertown, 



Chandon, Hemdon, Va.; Fire- 



Bryan, O.; Elkhart, Ind.; 
McissUlon, O. 

stone Pai-k, Akron, O.; North 
Liberty, Ind. 



North Manchester, Ind. 

50 14 

Milford, Ind. 



South Bend, Ind. 

Congregations filing a report with 


Wabash, Ind. ; Winding 
Elkhart, Ind. 


scores less than 50 points: 
Southeastern District 



Meyersdale, Pa. 

Bethlehem, Harrisonburg, Va. 


Washington, D.C. 

Hagerstown, Md. 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

at the 
Brethren's Home 


CHRISTMAS IS PAST, and we are well started into 
the new year. We are writing this late, but feel 
it is never too late to say "thanl< you" to all the good 
folk who made our nice Christmas possible. Even 
tliough it is late, I want to tell you about our first 
Christmas in our new Home. It was shortly after 
Thanksgiving that we began having guests: choirs, 
Sunday school classes, W.M.S. and S.M.M. groups, 
County Chorus and other singing groups. Nearer 
Christmas, carolers came. We were sometimes asked 
to sing with them — we all love to sing. Then came 

Christmas, Mr. Livingston set up the tree in tlie north- 
west corner of the dining roona. The tree is a shiny 
six-foot aluminum with revolving light and had gifts 
piled under it. It was a pretty sight for us to see when 
we went out for our meals, and for some it brought 
to mind tlie birth of the Savior whose birtliday we 
were celebrating. 

Many changes Itave been made these last few 
months. Our living room has new furniture — chairs, 
lamps, tables and all tltat makes life comfortable. We 
liave a new piano, given by the Lo-Bre-Lea Class of 
the Hillcrest Dayton Church. 

Our Christmas party was held in the dining room 
on Christmas Eve. There were many pleased faces 
when the gifts were given out, especially by new 
residents who did not know of our custom. If you 
could have been there, I am sure you would have felt 
it was worth all the trouble of wrapping and sending 
the gifts along. Some of the gifts had names and 
addresses, others did not. I heard folks wondering who 
had sent tliem, so they could write a "thank you" note. 
Maybe that is a suggestion for another year. You 
might not all get a note — we have folks here who are 
not physically able to write, but we have others who do 
a lot of writing and can help out where it is needed. 

At tliis writing, we have thirty -seven residents: 
thirty-two women and five men. It wasn't planned 
that way, just a "liappenstance." We have a wonderful 
group of dedicated workers: nurses, cooks and others 
wlio make our lives pleasant and secure. 

Rev. and Mrs. Livingstone, our superintendent and 
matron, have been carrying a terrific load these last 
months. I wonder how many of you liave been praying 
for them. 

We feel it would make our writings just a little 
more interesting if you were to get acquainted with 
some of our residents, so we are presenting our Mrs. 
Myrtle Rainey. Some of you know her I am sure, for 
she is one of our prize writers, has many friends and 
is a lovely Christian woman. She was eighty-three on 
her last birthday; she was very ill last spring, but the 
good Lord raised her up so she could serve him longer. 
She is a member of the Huntington Brethren Church. 

If you have never been to our Home, plan to do so; 
this vacation. We would love to show you around. 
Brethren, pray for us, even as we wiU pray for you. 

Hiirch 1, 1969 

Page Twenty-five 



"his report was made at the Winter meeting 
>f the Missionary Board and we are pleased 
o share this with The Brethren Church. 

AFTER having served in Argentina 
for four jears, we returned to the 
U. S. on December 8, 1968, where we be- 
gan our visitation and fellowship among 
The Brethren Churches. Fran, Deborah 
and I wish to thank The Brethren Church 
and its Missionary Board for supporting 
us financially and prayerfully during 
these past years. We have been conscious 
of your personal concern and your pray- 
ers have been felt in many a trying time. 
Because I have been engaged in various 
activities during our first term in Argen- 
tina, I shall try to report in the order of 
my involvement in them. 

Radio and Evangelistic Campaign Worii 

During the first two years of our term, 
we lived at the headquarters building at 
Nunez in Buenos Aires. Almost immed- 
iately upon arrival there was work to 
do. With technician, John Rowsey, we 
began remodeling the upper and lower 
control rooms and installing the newly 
purchased recording equipment. This in- 
volved the building of cabinets, brackets, 
shelves, etc. Along with this there was 
recording of programs; singing in the 
studio choir, trio and quartet; showing 
films in various meetings; operation of 
campaign sound systems; etc. 

Summary of CAVEA Radio Ministry 

I would say that although there have 
been some discouragements such as in- 
creased costs of air time, restrictions on 

time slots forcing our program to late 
evening hours, and loss of key personnel, 
nevertheless we rejoice over the many 
blessings which the Lord has provided. 
"Platicas Christianas" (Christian Talks) 
is now aired 13 times each week in Argen- 
tina in programs of 12, 15 and 24 minutes 
long. Tape recordings are also sent to 
Bolivia; Chili; Columbia; Equador; El 
Salvador; Haiti; Mexico; Netherlands, An- 
tilles; Peru; and U. S. A. Over the past 
year, a new program, "Reflections" (For 
the Man Who Thinks) is broadcast 26 
times each week in Argentina. It is also 
sent to Paraguay and Costa Rica where 
it is duplicated and distributed to many 
more countries. Of the 53 weekly releases, 
CAVEA receives mail from 42. The latest 
statistics give an average of 560 letters 
per month in response. Special attention 
is given to each one writing in and a 

Page Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

New Testament is sent to tliose request- 
ing it. 

Prayer Bequest: 
The talented musician, Bill Fasig, re- 
turned to the U. S. in early 1968 and 
so far there has been no replacement 
for him. We pray that the Lord will 
touch the heart of some exceptionally 
talented organist and musician to fill 
an urgent need in the recording studio. 

Church Work 
The church work also occupied my time 
on many weekends. Taking part in the 
Nunez Sunday school, filling the pulpit 
fromi time to time, and visiting and speak- 
ing in all but one of our Argentine church- 
es kept life busy but enjoyable. From 
December of 1965 to June of 1966, I served 
as pastor of the Gerli Church. When Rob 
Byler returned to the States in Jul>' of 
1966, I pastored the Nunez Church until 
January of 1967 at which time we moved 
to Cordoba where I served as pastor for 
two years, during the time of their build- 
ing program. 

Council of Elders 
Serving on the "Consejo de Ancianos" 
was a real blessing. The Brethren Church 
in Argentina boasts of a working, frater- 
nal relationship between national and mis- 
sionary which is unparalled in other de- 
nominations. The Brethren missionary is 
no longer a pioneer guide, or the sole di- 
rector of the work but rather a fraternal 
worker who labors beside his national bro- 
ther. To me, this is an indication of pro- 
gress. This year, for the first time in the 
history of the Argentine Church, the exec- 
utive commission of the church was made 
up entirely of Argentines. There is a deep 
satisfaction of accomplishment in church 
government on the part of the national 

Executive Commission left to right: 

-Juan Arregin, Secretary (Colon-Maria Teresa Church- 
es) ; Abel Herrera, Assistant Treasurer (Villa Con- 
stltucion Church); Thomas Blulder, President (Direct- 
or of Eden Bible Institute) ; Guido Blolino, Assistant 
Secretary (Cordoba Church); Oscar Vena, Treasurer 
(Villa Constitucion) ; Hector Labanca, Vice-President 
(Rosario Church). 

and missionary alike. The Lord's hand is 
seen in a progressing church. Our Argen- 
tine Brethren are capable of the respon- 
sibility entrusted to them. 
Bible Institute 

Tlie Eden Bible Institute rejoiced in 
tlieir first graduation exercises which took 
place the second week of December, 1968. 
Four students received their diplomas. 
We praise the Lord for the first fruits 
of our new institute. Pastor Thomas Mul- 
der is serving well as director of the 
institute and it is hoped that he will re- 
main in this position because of his capa- 
bilities. Missionaries Solomon and Aspinall 
are to be commended for their vision 
and dedication to the training of young 
lives. I know from personal conversation 
with nationals that both are greatly loved 
and appreciated by the Argentine with 
whom they labor. I include these remarks 
because these brethren would not mention 
this in their own reports. I am thankful 
that I have been privileged to serve with 
fellow-workers like these in South 

Audio-Visual Trailer Equipment 

The new sound trailer has been in use 
since September of 1968 and has proven of 
great use in evangelistic work. Testimony 
by one of our pastors mentions that the 
appearance of the sound trailer alone 
attracts attention and is an effective 
medium of presenting the Gospel. 
Church Camp 

Our Church Camp Diquecito has been 
improved to some extent each year. Camp- 
ing program for the children up to 
thirteen years of age is held in December 
at the Eden Institute grounds utilizing 
personnel from Child Evangelism. A 
young people's camp of about 12 days 
is held at Diquecito with average attend- 
ance of 45. Family camp, which follows, 
had an attendance of 45 last year. My 
personal relation to the program included 
serving on the commission and helping 
to plan the camp program. 

Ministry in the Cordoba Church 

My ministry in the Cordoba Church 
occupied the last two years of our term 
During 1967-68 I was engaged in the regu-, 
lar duties of a pastor: preaching, teaching 
Bible Classes, conducting baptisms, wedl 
dings, funerals, and active in visitation; 
It was an encouragement for me to wit 
ness (1) an increase of attendance in th< 
meetings, (2) seeing young people leavf 
Cordoba to enroll at the Eden Institute 
and ( 3 ) overall enthusiasm in their hearts 
Construction at Cordoba 

The construction of a new "Templo' 
(sanctuary) was begun in late 1967. Needi 
less to say, this necessitated a renovatioi' 
of the local stewardship program. Givinji 
over this two-year period increased abou 

Page Twenty-seven 

300%. Contributing factors to this re- 
sponse were: (1) the vision of a new build- 
ing, (2) the new financial plan, adopted 
by the Argentine church, which gave 
new incentive, and (3) intensive Bible 
study of stewardship as a way of life. 

Since the Cordoba property was re-titled 
under the name of the national church, 
a new pride entered the hearts of the 
people of Cordoba as they began a build- 
ing program on their own property and 
in their own name. 

The turning over of tliis property was 
one of the many acts accomplished by the 
Powers of Attorney Council upon which 
I also served. 

The building program involved the 
buying of materials, getting bids and 
estimates, working with the committee, 
making decisions, actual physical work, 
and many hours of prayer and trust to 
the Lord in times of problem. The build- 
ing is still not complete because of lack 
of funds. However, even in its present 
state, it can be used for special meetings 
where more seating capacity is needed. 
The work continues as funds are raised 

I know the Cordoba people would want 
me to thank the Brethren people in the 
States and especially the Women's Mis- 
sionary Society for providing the Revolv- 
ing or Building Loan Fund which made 
possible the initiating of a seemingly 
impossible building program for a small 


Prospects for the future are bright 
in Argentina. They are "as bright as the 
promises of God." It was William Carey 
who said, "Attempt great things for God, 
expect great things froin God." I person- 
ally believe that our missionaries and 
their national co-workers are doing just 
that. There is more religious freedom 
now than ever before in Argentina. The 
reputation and respect for the Roman 
Catholic Church is at an all-time low. 
Doors that heretofore had been closed 
are now open to us. But we must work 
fast. Other groups, cults, such as the 
Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormonism and 

Spiritism are hard at work and winning 
many to Satan's already strong force. 
If we as Brethren are to gain the time, 
we must pray for personnel in the form 
of teachers and workers for the institute, 
technicians for radio and evangelism, and 
church men skilled in administration 
techniques. These may be laymen or 
elders. Both are needed. 

Our Return to the Field 

Upon our return to Argentina we hope 
to live once more in the Buenos Aires 
headquarters building. We have felt God's 
leading to assist again in the radio and 
evangelistic ministrj' of CAVEA. I also 
plan to serve the national church in a 
limited capacity. Being that missionary 
John Rowsey will be leaving Argentina 
for furlough shortly after our return, 
personnel will be needed to help take 
over some of his responsibilities. Brother 
Rowsey has been well loved by the 
national church and the personnel of 
CAVEA and has been most efficient in 
all his responsibilities. 

Our Furlough 

Our furlough will probably extend for 
the full year. We would ask to return 
to our Argentine home just after Christ- 
mas of 1969. During this tim.e of furlough 
I hope to visit some of the District Con- 
ferences. General Conference, attend sev- 
eral mission conferences or workshops, 
and visit as many of our churches in all 
districts as time permits. 

As I close this report, I wish again to 
thank each member of The Bretliren 
Church and its Missionary Board for their 
faith in Fran and myself and for allowing 
us to serve in Argentina, Your prayers on 
our behalf while on the field have upheld 

We are thankful for the adequate and 
comfortable home provided for us while 
on furlough. 

We praise the Lord for His many bles- 
sings to us and are thankful for the 
cordial relationship we have had with 
those of the board office over these years. 
We covet your continued prayers during 
this year of deputation work. Ma\' God 
bless you in your labor for Him. 

Argentine Church Progress 

rE Council of Elders, the executive commission of 
the Argentine Church, is made up entirely of 
Argentines this year. The Missionary Board and Argen- 
;ine missionaries have confidence in their fine leader 
ship and are pleased with developments. This was not 
i deliberate maneuvering of mission personnel out of 
Dffice but perfectly natural effects due to circumstances. 

We praise the Lord for raising up such a wonderful 
leadership in the Argentine Church. 

The last statistical report from the field indicated 
there are 309 church members as compared with the 
previous year's figure of 274 members. 

Juan Arregin, Secretary of the Council of Elders, in 
an Editorial in Testia'o Fiel, official organ of the Argen- 

Page Twenty-eigfht 

The Brethren Evangelist 

tine Church, announced the Spn-itual Conference to be 
held February 15-18 at the Bible Institute at Soldini 
and recalled tlie fact that the previous year there were 
200 in attendance out of their total membership. Sup- 
pose we Brethren in the United States had 73' c of 
membership as delegates to General Conference? Last 
year we didn't have quite S'r. 

There is a great sacrifice on the part of the Argentine 
to take time and money and travel to a national gather- 
ing. It thriUed us to know some even attended and slept 
in their cars or had tent accomodations at the Institute. 
Also, just four members of the church prepared the 

meals for the entire assembly. 

Mr. Arregin writes, "We are looking forward to the 
conference with joy and the fact that we will meet i 
once again with friends. Great spiritual food is received 
from the Word of God and messages each year that 
the Lord enables us to participate in this conference. 
We realize the national church in Argentina is growing 
and we're arriving at the time when we must think 
about the small towns and countries around that do 
not know the message of God. It is our responsibility 
to carry them the message of Christ, the Savior. Our 
theme this year at the conference will be Mission Work." 


by Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer 



TiE SERIES OF PROGRAMS for Brotherhoods to 
use this year of 1968-69 is entitled "Brotherhood 
Bible Survey." These lessons are presented in the hope 
that each Brotherhood member might gain an overall 
view of Scripture and what the major divisions of 
Scripture contain. This month we wish to discuss the 
topic of the Gospels of the New Testament. I would 
recommend that the leader make copies of this program 
for each member and distribute them to the members 
so that they can fill in the answers to the questions for 
themselves and keep a record of their work. 


The Gospels include the books of 



Gospel means 



Good News or Glad Tidings. 


The Gospel writers recorded the 


of Jesus. 


Birth, Ministry, Death and Resurrection. 


The first writer was 

, who was a 

also called 

or . from the citv of 

A: Matthew, Levi, tax collector, publican, 

5. Q: Find material about the life of Matthew in a 

Bible Dictionary and have one of the members 
present a sketch of his life. 

6. Q: Outline the Book of Matthew and present it 

to the members with discussion about the 
various parts of the outline. 

7. Q: What is the "Great Commission" in the Book 

of Matthew and what does it mean to us 
A; Matthew 28:19, 20. 

8. Q: Find material about Mark in a Bible Dictionary 

and have one of the members present a sketch 
of his life. 

9. Q: Present an outline of the Gospel of Mark to 



the members for discussion. 
10. Q: What are the si.x major events of the first 
chapter of Mark? 

A: Preaching of John the Baptist, baptism of 
Jesus, temptations of Jesus, choosing of dis- 
ciples, healing of demoniac man. 

Q: Find the key verse of Mark and discuss it. 

A: Mark 10:45. 

Q: Find material about Luke in a Bible Dictionary 
and have one of the members present it. 

13. Q: Present an outline of the Gospel of Luke to 

the members for discussion. 

14. Q: Make a list of the historical characters and 

literary characters who appear in the Gospel 
of Luke in contact with Jesus. 

15. Q: Luke's description of the baby that was born 

in Bethlehem is in 2:11. Discuss its meaning 
and point out that Luke's material is organ- 
ized around the concept of Jesus as a human 
being who lived the perfect and represent- 
ative life of the Son of Man through the power 
of the Holy Spirit. 

16. Q: Find material about the life of the disciple 

John and have one of the members present it. 

17. Q: Present an outhne of the Gospel of John to 

the group for study. 
A: Point out in the outline that the first twelve 
chapters deal with Jesus' public ministry while 
the rest deals with the last week of his life. 

18. Q: In what ways is the Gospel of John different 

from the other Gospels? 
A: There are no parables, only seven miracles 
five of which are not recorded in the other 
Gospels, the discourses deal with His Person 
rather than ethical teachings, personal inter- 
views are multiplied, His relationship with 
individuals is emphasized. 

19. Q: Discuss the key verses of the Gospel of John. 
A: John 20:30, 31. 

March 1, 1969 

Page Twenty-nine 






Arizona cowpokes, Gerald Dickson of Tempe 
and Jill Carson of Tucson are caught in 
the act of "holding up" Rev. Fred Burkey 
for a donation to the Arizona Camp Project. 
The "bandits" struck at the 1968 Youth 

Dear Crusaders eveiywhere, 

Greetings in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. We pray that Christmas and the New 
Yeai- brought each of you your own special blessings and challenges! 

As for us here at First Brethren, Tucson, Arizona, we begin a new year with our thoughts 
focusing more and more on our new camp site. Our first thought is to extend to each of you 

Page Thirty The Brethren Evangelist 

individually a sincere "thank you" for undertaking the Arizona Brethren Camp as your national 
project for 1968-69. We, first of all, give thanks to our God for making this camp possible, for 
even providing the need for a camp. We also thank Him for all the dedicated souls in our 
district who have sacrificed of their time, money, and energy to locate and purchase our 
25-acre site about 75 miles southwest of Tucson, and then to start necessary procedures such as 
di'illing and obtaining water. And we thank God also for providing our denomination with 
strong, spirit-filled youth who are willing to serve their Lord in this way. By accepting A.B.C. 
as your national project and by setting your goal at $14,000, you are doing much more than 
just helping to build a camp. Before you even realize your goal, you have given spiritual strength 
and added unity to the brand new Southwest District. As has been said before, "The GREAT 
is taken for granted!" You have encouraged the saints of Arizona!! 

You have also given incentive to the youth and their leaders. We find ourselves asking the 
question, "Just how can we show the national Crusaders that we really appreciate their ambitions 
and desires?" And we at Tucson decided that the best way would be to get busy and do our pai-t 
toward reaching your goal, which is also our goal since we are part of National B.Y.C. So, the first 
thing we did was to set our goal at $1,000 and we have thus far raised $300 towai'd that goal. 
All three of our youth groups ha\'e been really working hard. Some of our combined efforts 
have been selling candy and planning and serving a Thanksgiving dinner and program. The 
Junior and Junior High groups have been doing quite well at serving coffee and donuts 
after Sunday morning worship hour. The freewill offering not only builds our "Cash for Camp" 
fund, but our people seem to enjoy the chance to fellowship with one another over a cup of 
coffee. The Senior High group did very well this yeai' when they sponsored a Halloween pai'ty for 
everyone from 5 to 50. If you were under 5 or over 50 you could be admitted free. Fifty cents 
admission provided "Witches-Brew" (punch), popcorn, cake walks, a bubble-gum blowing 
contest, a costume judging and a fun house. The candy apples were loC because they are rather 
expensive to make. Fun was had by all, especially those "kooky" youth leaders who had 
enough nei-ve to come in wierd costumes. We plan to make another $150 dollars by sellmg candy, 
but we ai"e about to run out of ideas for money-making projects. Perhaps some of you would 
share your ideas with us. 

We have been receiving some rumors from the east, one of which is the possibility of one 
group raising enough money to send a work team to Arizona this summer. Sounds great! 

Our Senior group is looking forward to traveling down to the camp site this weekend to 
write, produce and film our very own "flick." Laugh-in style. This won't raise money, but since we 
are too far av/ay for all of us to go to conference, we thought we would send ourselves on film 
for caimp night. Sure hope it turns out well? 

Well, so long for now, and you will be healing more, either from us or about us, soon. May 
God bless you in all of your endeavors and may God's peace rest upon you as you enter into the 
New Year. Please remember us in your prayers and rest assured that we are praying for you. 

In the service of Christ our Lord, 
The Youth and their Leaders 
First Brethren Church 
201 N. Columbus Blvd. 
Tucson, Arizona 85711 

P.S. Remember, please let us hear from you if you have anything of interest to shai'e with us! 



Ephesians 3:18 

March 1, 1969 

Page Thirty-one 

The Arizona Camp Is Taking Shape 

DID YOU KNOW that beween 1969 and 1980 the 
population of Arizona will have increased by 
more than 50%? Latest surveys show that Arizona 
is one of the fastest growing states in the union and 
that this trend will probably continue for some time 
to come. 

Now our churches at Tucson and Tempe have under- 
taken the development of their own camp as a means 
of extending their growing ministry and influence in 
the "Great Southwest." 

Brethren Youth, at the last annual Conference, voted 
to support the efforts of this young district in their 
important project. The youth set $14,000.00 as their 
goal. The Arizonans are working hard, as the previous 
articles indicates. Let's get with it — set a high (but 
reali.stic) goal and work diligently to assist in the 
building of the new ABC camp! 

Scrub oak and tall grass presently cover the 
25 acre site. 

Bob McKinley (on the ladder) and Orville Dreyer 
(swinging a hammer) both of Tucson, helping- 
erect the first building on the site — a tool shed. 

In July 1968 the well was drilled on the 
campsite. The open space in the foreground 
is a "natural" for a recreational area. 

Let's Get Busy and Lend a Hand! 

Page Thirty-two The Brethren Evangelist '. 

Daily Vacation Bible School 


Our bookstore will have in stock a complete 
supply of materials for your Daily 
Vacation Bible School for 1969. 

We carry materials from - 

Please order the bulk of your material 
from your own bookstore! We will 
give you 10% on your orders and will 
send to you prepaid. The usual items 
are returnable. 

Order from: 


524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

'T^^ ^%et^n€tt 


The Lord's Supper 

Vol. xci 

March 15. 1969 

No. 6 


Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionai-y Society 

Mi-s. Charlene Rovvser 
National Laymen's Organization 

Mr. Floyd Benshoff 

ilissionai-y Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Miss Kathy Miller 

Board of Cliristian Education: 

Youth Commission Miss Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 

534 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio ■14805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 
$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for maihng at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering chcmge of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Conunittee : 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "Patriotism" 3 

Sisterhood Program Materials for April 4 

Signal Lights Program Materials for April ... 8 

The Missionary Board 10 

The Brethren Layman 13 

Bryan Sunday School Class Honors Teacher ... 15 

"Let God's Love Prevail" 

by Rev. Richard Allison 16 

"The Climate of Contemporary Thinking 
Conductive to Neo-Universalism" 

by Rev. George P. Kimber 21 

The Board of Christian Education 25 

World Religious News in Review 27 

Reports from Churches 29 

"Since You Asked" 
by Rev. Carl Barber 30 



TE BRETHREN CHURCH has lost a faithful 
worker in the passing of Miss Ruth Diffen- 
derfer of Lanark, Illinois. She passed away at the 
University Hospital in Madison, Wisconsin, on 
Monday, March 3, 1969, following an illness of 
several months. 

Ruth was a graduate of Ashland College with a 
degree in music. She also attended several sessions 
of summer school and was very active in the Park 
Street church while in Ashland. She was always 
active in Brethren Youth and later active in Sister- 
hood work and W.M.S. work. 

She had taught public school for a few years 
and was to enter a university to begin work on 
her Masters Degree last f aU when illness prevented 
her from entering the school. 

Miss Diffenderfer had been a candidate for mis- 
sionary work but her health prevented her from 
such service. The Missionary Board will be pre- 
senting a memorial for her in a future issue of 
this magazine. 

Ruth was a member of the First Brethren 
Church in Lanark, Illinois, where her funeral was 
conducted on Thursday, March 6, 1969, with her 
pastor. Rev. Paul Steiner, in charge. 

Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Diffenderfer, 
survive and live near Laneirk. Remember them in 
your prayers. 


I have walked through many pathways 
When the way was hard and rough; 
Thei*e were times I nearly stumbled, 
And my strength was not enough. 

I have foLUid a friend called Jesus 
And He took the heavy load; 
Bore it on His able shoulders; 
Now, much smoother is the road. 

If your path looks dark and hopeHeiss, 
And you're weai'y of it all, 
Cast your burdens on this Jesus ; 
He'll sustain you, lest you fall. 

He has pow'r to move a mountain, 
Or command a storm to cease; 
Pow'r to help a wayward sinner 
Find the way, and give him peace. 

Norman McPherson 

Maicli 15, 1969 

Page Three 




TT SEEMS TO ME that in this day of our times that 
we have lost the sense of patriotism to our country. 
This is especially true with the "new generation." Now, 
patriotism cannot take the place of "religion" or Chris- 
tianity! Yet, part of our Christian faith, I believe, is to 
be patriotic to the country in which we live. 

I can still remember the thrill of being a part of a 
Fourth of July celebration, for instance, where patrio- 
tism ran higli. Our young people today are missing 
much by not knowing such feeling of patriotism. This 
is especially true for Americans, I believe, because the 
nation was founded on the principles of Christianity. 

In recent days as I have read of the lack of national 
patriotism I have v/anted to express my feelings in an 
editorial. Today, Rev. Robert Keplinger of Levittown, 
Pennsylvania, sent me the following which was written 
by Mr. Albert J. Crispell, a member of his church, who 
is principal of the Mary W. Devine School in Croydon, 
Pennsylvania. He .suggested that I use this sometime 
near the Fourth of July. But since my thoughts have 
been directed to this theme several times in recent 
days, I felt it would be good to use it now I Here is 
what Mr. Crispell has written: 

What Does America Mean to Me? 

1. It is a nation that permits me to help choose the 
people who will govern. 

2. It is a nation with laws that limit the powers of 
those who govern. 

3. It is a nation of fixed terms for those who govern 
and new elections are set for choosing new leaders. 

4. It is a nation that permits me to choose in secret 
those of my choice. 

5. It is a nation with many qualified and willing to 
serve in positions of leadership. 

6. It is a nation where many who govern desire to 
return to private life after a reasonable length of 

7. It is a nation where men of good-will can unite 
even though of opposing views. 

8. It is a nation, proud of its achievements, with a 
sense of world responsibility. 

9. It is a nation of many natural resources. 

10. It is a nation much concerned about improving the 
standards of life, liberty, and happiness. 

11. It is a nation concerned about religion and man's 
freedom in worship. 

12. It is a nation interested in education for all re- 
gardless of their station in life. 

13. It is a nation that has problems that its citizens 
can seek to identify and can openly seek ways of 
solving in a peaceful manner. 

14. It is a nation that gives protection to its citizens 
and their property. 

15. It is a nation where fear does not rule the heart 
of a man. 

16. It is a nation with faith in its future and the fu- 
ture of the world. 

17. It is a nation troubled by a war of long duration 
when victory is not in sight. 

18. It is a nation concerned about its young people, 
its children, and its aged. 

19. It is a nation that can endure in a world where 
other ideologies exist and can be tolerant to permit 
other peoples to choose their own leaders and their 
own governments. 

20. It is a nation that has friends in the "World of 

21. It is a nation that can stand alone or stand among 
friendly nations for a cause in which it continues 
to see as right, and for as long as it sees this cause 
to be right. 

22. It is a nation willing to seek peace, and willing to 
seek friends among former foes. 

23. It is a nation which continues to prosper, and give 
hope to its own people and be an inspiration to 
peoples of other nations that would seek a better 
way of life. 

24. It is a nation made up of the union of citizens by 
birth and citizens by choice who find here oppor- 
tunities for service, sacrifice, and success. 

25. It is a nation which finds power for union where 
powers are separated in branches of government 
and where powers are divided between levels of 
government in which the state is sovereign, the 
nation is indivisible and the local government is 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Devotional Program for April 

Call to Worship: 
Song Service 
Circle of Prayer 

Bible Studies: 

Senior: "A Stranger, Afraid" 

Junior: "I Am the Resurrection and tlie Life" 

Discussion Questions: 

Seniors: Discussion over cliosen boot;. 

Special Blusic 


"Spirit of Sisterhood" 

S.M.M. Benediction 



John 11:1 -7; 17-46 


APRIL IS THE MONTH of Easter and therefore, 
only appropriate that our Bible study should be 
Jesus' declaration: "I am the resurrection and tlie 
life." Many of the Sisterhood societies will not hold 
their meeting until after Easter, but we should still be 
thinking about the importance of these holy days in our 

Also, as Sisterhood girls this account about Mary and 
Martha will be especially interesting. We often read 
about Je3us visiting in the home of Mary and Martlia 
and how Martha was so worried about getting a meal 
fixed while Mary sat at Jesus' feet. But we don't often 
hear about their reaction to the raising of their brotlier 
Lazarus from the dead. 

I hope you have already read aloud the Scripture 
given at the beginning. This was tlie last miracle Jesus 
performed in public that is recorded in the book of 
John. It is also the greatest of His miracles as we shall 
see. The event took place in the last winter of Jesus' 
life, just a few months before His crucifixion. It was a 
last sign to show the people who Jesus was and just 
how great His power was. 

We see John is very careful to clearly identify the 
dead man. He gives his name, his place of residence 
and his connection with others in the gospel story. It 

appears that perliaps Lazarus was not as well known as 
his sister Mary. 

Wlien Lazarus became ill, the sisters naturally 
thought of Jesus. He was their friend, had often been 
in their home, and they knew He had the power to 
heal. So they send a messenger to tell Jesus, confident 
that Jesus would come immediately, but Jesus' response 
was different than they expected. He looked at the 
whole thing differently. He knew what the outcome 
would be and that this was just a parenthesis in the 
life of Lazarus. For Him it was another opportunity to 
show His divine power. 

Verses 5 and 6 seem to be contradictory. First they! 
say, "Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus," 
and then they say, "When he had heard therefore that 
he was sick, he abode two days stiU in the same place 
where he was." If Jesus loved them so why did He 
delay? If he could heal Lazarus, why did He deliberately 
not do so? (You could stop here for discussion.) Jesus 
was not cruel in hesitating. He knew He could raise a 
dead man as easily as He could heal a sick man. The 
death of Lazarus was necessary to increase the faith 
of the sisters and of His own disciples. 

In our reading we skipped a portion that deals with 
the dangers involved in Jesus' going near Jerusalerr 

March 15, 1969 

Page Five 

Eor Bethany was only a couple miles from Jerusalem. 
Just a short time before the Jews in Jerusalem Iiad 
:ried to stone Jesus. The disciples felt that to return 
AfQuld mean certain death, but Jesus linew this was 
His Father's will. 

Jesus arrived in Bethany and was met by Martha. 
Dnce again we see the differences in personalities in 
:he two sisters. Botli were equally grie\'ed over the 
OSS of a beloved brother and both were equally sad 
:hat Jesus Iiad not come immediately to help, yet 
Martha ran out to meet Jesus whUe Mary stayed at 
lome mourning. Martha was active; always "on tlie 
10." She liad to be doing something. We all l^now people 
vho react to problems this way wliile others are more 
ike Mary — quiet and thoughtful. 

Jesus said to Martha, "I am the resurrection, and the 
ife: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet 
shall he live: And whosoever liveth and beheveth in me 
jhall never die." What did Jesus mean? We know He 
vasn't talking about physical deatli because everyone 
lies whether he believes in Jesus or not. Jesus was 
:hinking of the life to come. He was saying that phy- 
sical death is not the end of things, only the beginning. 
People call death "the sunset," but for Christians it is 
•eally "sunrise." 

It may seem strange to you young girls to talk about 
leath. For most of you death has never been that close, 
md you certainly liave a long time ahead of you before 
/ou have to think about death for yourselves. Some- 
;ime soon a girlfriend at school may be in an accident 
jr your uncle may die and you wDl find yourself won- 
lering what comes after death. Jesus here gives us 
A'onderful news when He says, "He shall live." 

As we read the rest of the story, and as we think 
ibout the Resurrection of Christ Himself, we see tliat 

Jesus has power over even deatli. He raised Lazarus 
from the dead. He, Himself, arose from the dead, and we 
can know that if we believe in Him, we too will rise 
from the dead. God even tells us this same truth in 
nature every spring. We see trees that looked dead 
break forth in blossoms. We see grass that was brown 
and dry become green and soft. We see leaves that 
were withered and bent straighten up and produce love- 
ly daffodils and tulips. Can't we believe that God would 
do the same for His most wonderful creation, man? 

Martha here says she does believe and runs to get 
Mary, but when Jesus asks to liave the stone removed, 
slie is hesitant. Jesus required her to place such com- 
plete trust in Him that she would obey even this ap- 
parently hopeless command. 

Jesus then called Lazarus by name and lie came out. 
Besides the miracle of giving life back to a man who 
had been dead four days was the miracle of how he 
came out. In those days tlie Jews wrapped their corpses 
in long bandages from the ankles to the armpits. How 
Lazarus ever moved once he came to life is beyond 

You would think tliat after seeing such a miracle as 
tliis, the Jews would have believed. Many did but others 
refused to believe. People seem to believe what they 
want to believe, and we later see these Jews plotting 
against Jesus. We have read .so much in the Bible and 
seen so much in other people's lives, will we believe? 
Questions for discussion: 

1. How can sickness glorify God? 

2. Contrast the individual traits of cltaracter in tlie 
two sisters (verses 28-32). 

3. Why did Jesus weep? 

4. Wliy did Jesus not order the stone to roll away and 
the gravewrappings to fall off? 



Extra Background Reading: The Book of Judges 
Text: Ruth 1:1-18 


RUTH is a book which is so rich in so many ways, 
one is liard pressed to know where to begin. 
Which precious lesson deserves first consideration? It 
is as if a child awakens suddenly one Cliristmas morn- 
ing to find all the fabulous gifts of which he had dream- 
ed. This "instant" Christmas with its myriads of unex- 
pected gifts is more than he can endure. He becomes 
hysterical with happiness and runs frantically from 
one toy to the next, unable to decide which is the most 

After studying the book of Judges out of which Ruth 
evolves, one is likely to feel the same type of reaction 
as did the cliild. For the book of Judges, often called 
the book of Confusion, is probably the most terrible 
book in the entire Bible. It shows clearly the great 
depths of depravity to which the people of God had 
sunk. To close the reading of that niglitmare book and 
find immediately following it one of the loveliest stories 
of all literature. Biblical or secular, is a real blow to the 
nervous system. However, oia- age seems to be one in 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

which people live from shock to shock. Very little sur- 
prises us moderns. 

Now, it is not accidential that the story of Ruth 
should grow out of the book of the Judges. That is 
God's way. There is never a spiritual storm so fierce 
that His rainbow cannot be seen in the evening sky. 
Even in the midst of a groat and terrible trial, Paul 
cries out, "We have such hope." Hope is the magic word 
of the Christian message, never absent, always and 
finally pravailing. So it is not really too unusual for 
us to see against the backdrop of this reign of terror 
two beautiful pictures emerge. Out of that time cam? 
the great statesman, Samuel, the first of the writing 
prophets; and out of all that ugliness came the exquis- 
ite story of Ruth, an oasis in a dry and thirsty land. 

There is probably no place in the Bible where the two 
possible extremes of good and evil in mankind are 
brouglit out so dramatically. The degradation to which 
one can sink without God, and the heights to which man 
can rise through love and faitli are contrasted vividly 
in this period of Jewisli history. 

The time in which our heroine lived was not a beau- 
tiful or tranquil age in which to be born. Famine 
plagued the land of the Jews, a famine which finally 
drove Naomi, her husband and her two sons to the 
country of Moab. And neither was Ruth's family back- 
ground all that one could desire. As a matter of fact, 
she was the descendant of an unfortunate and evil epi- 
sode. Ruth was a Moabitess damsel from the plain 
country of her land. The founder of the race of Moab 
was the son of Lot's incestuous act with his older daugh- 
ter (Gen. 19:24-38). You will remember that Lot was 
Abraham's nephew. Abraham took Lot with him after 
the Lord had forbade Abraham's taking along any of 
his kin, except, of course, Sara, his wife (Gen. 12:1). 
From that moment on. Lot was a thorn in Abraliam's 
side, a constant source of trouble and dissension. It is 
evident from the very beginning that Lot loved the 
Lord, but it is also evident that Lot loved the carnal 
ways of the world. Finally, he found himself with liis 
family and possessions, a very rich and influential man, 
in Sodom and Gomorrah, the most wicked of cities. 

In that evU environment. Lot attempts to live the 
hfe of a godly man and rear his children in a godly 
manner. He cannot. We gradually become like the peo- 
ple with whom we associate, and that is why God warn:; 
us to choose our close companions carefully. Unfor- 
tunately, the worldly person usually influences the Chris- 
tian much more than the Christian influences the carnal 
man. In time, Lot loses his testimony to the Lord, loses 
it entirely, though he gains power among the wicked 
people of his city. Naturally, his own daughters suffer 
terribly from their wild neighborhood. Today, the Crime 
Commission of the State of Minnesota broadcasted its 
findings over the radio and television. The Commission, 
made up of physicians, educators and research scien- 
tists stated that the human baby was the most selfish, 
self-centered creature ever born. He knew what he 
wanted almost from the moment of birth, and he de- 
manded his bottle, his mother's attention, his uncle's 
watch, or the toy of another child when he wanted it. 
If he is refused any of these things when he demands 
them, the young child goes into a towering rage of 
anger and aggressiveness which would be murderous 
were he not so helpless. The report continues to say 

that a small child has no morals, no knowledge, no 
skills. He is dirty by nature. If the parent does not 
train and instruct the child in proper values and ways, 
he wiil grow up to be a thief, a criminal of some sort. 
The Commission states that we are naturally not beau- 
tiful humans. We need discipline and instruction and 
training which is exactly what the Bible teaches. Man 
is dead in his sins, and he always has been. It is Itard 
for us to think of the child we love and adore as being 
a possible tyrant, but he easily could become one. It Is 
his nature to rebel. Lot's daughters may have been 
taught properly, but their environment nullified every 
good thing. They lose respect for their father, and ha 
no longer has the power to command their obedience 
or their affection. They are wild and wayward girls, 
steeped in sin; the product of their violent age. 

Into this dreadful condition the Angel of the Lord 
comes to warn Lot of the impending destruction of 
Sodom and Gomorrah. Regardless of Lot's action, God 
is still faithful and He remembers Lot. Lot and his 
family flee. The destruction of these two cities, devoured 
by fire and brimstone must have been like the explosion 
of the atomic bomb. Lot and his people rush to take to 
the caves. They thought the end of the world had surely 
come. In time, the foolish daughters begin to miss the 
pleasures of the cities and to fear that they wiU never 
marry and have families. All of the young men, so they 
reasoned, must have been destroyed in that holocaust, 
I he Hiroshima of that day. From that day forward, the 
daughters plotted to get their father drunk and deceive 
him into fathering a child for each daughter. Out of 
these degrading circumstances, the boy Moab was born. 
From then on the Moabites and the descendants of 
Abraham, the Jews of the Old Testament were bitten 
enemies. Later in Jewish history we find that the Moab- 
ites will not allow Israel to pass through their territory 
when that nation was on its march in the wilderness. 
The foot-weary Jews were forced to go the long way 
around. At times when it suited their purpose, the 
people of Moab would sell food and water at cut- throat 
prices to Israel. 

In later times Moab led the people of God into idol- 
atry and impuritj-. They hired the prophet Balaam to 
curse Israel. The Jews hated the Moabites more fiercely 
than ever and finally excluded them entirely from the 
Jewish congregation, even into the tenth generation: 
"An Ammonite (Ammon was the name of the son of 
Lot's younger daughter) or Moabite shall not enter 
til? congregation of the Lord; even to their tenth gen- 
eration sliall they not enter the congregation of the 
Lord forever: Because they met you not with bread 
and water in the way, when ye came forth out of Egypt; 
and because they hired against thee Balaam the son oJ 
Beor or Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse thee" (Deut. 

In that time in history any man who was not a wor 
shipper of the One True God Jehovah was a Gentile 
Thus, Ruth was a Gentile of a race forbidden by Mosaic 
Law to enter Israel's congregation or to serve Israel't 
God. It was, of course, not Ruth's fault, nor was shf 
responsible for the sins of her ancestors, but people 
llion, as now, are sometimes not very forgiving. I havi^ 
heard it said of Christians that we are the most unfor 
giving people of all, a terrible indictment if this he- 
true. We, of all people, should understand the qualit} 

March 15, 1969 

Page Seven 

of mercy and forgive others since God alone is all- 
compassionate. Only He does utterly forgive and forget 
the sins of those who CEill upon His name. 

Thus, Ruth was no stranger in the land of tlie Jews, 
a land with customs with which she was not familiar, 
a land which would not welcome lier and would be a 
source of trouble for her. The Bible brings out very 
definitely the history of Rutli's questionable bacl<- 
ground and the type of treatment she could expect to 
receive in Bethleliem. In this short story of her life, 
Ruth is called the Moabitess, the woman of Moab, the 
Moabitish damsel; titles which would not endear her 
to the Jews. Finally, she is referred to as "a stranger." 
It is certain tliat Naomi a devout Jewess would be 
hesitant to present Ruth, her daughter-in-law, to her 
Jewish friends and family. In fact, Naomi tries hard 
to get her daughters-in-law not to return with her to 
Bethlehem. She was loathe to go through that ordeal. 

Why then would Ruth insist upon following her 
mother-in-law to an unfriendly land? Many Bible read- 
ers, because of Ruth's lovely and eloquent plea to Naomi 
(Ruth 1:16-17), and because they read only the surface 
story, decide that it was deep and devoted affection 
only for Naomi which prompted Ruth to make tills 
request. But to the careful reader this impassioned 
speech of Ruth's has a much deeper and more profound 
meaning. To be sure Ruth was a loving daughter-in-law, 
but she did not follow Naomi out of her great love for 
her. Rather, Ruth was following Naomi's God, for 
Naomi's God represented to Ruth the One True Jehovah 
God whom the Jews worshipped. It is safe to assume 
that Naomi, her husband and her two sons were devout 
and practicing Jews. Upon her marriage to Naomi's 
son, Ruth was exposed to the Jewish faith in a thousand 
and one ways, for the Mosaic Law was a part of the 
Jew's social life, personal life, family life, economic 
practices; everything. Everywhere the girl looked, every- 
where she turned she was bound to encounter Judaism 
in its purest forms. She had to be influenced daily by 
such a faith, and Ruth is one of the most preceptive, 
responsive women in Scripture. Her response to her 
young Jewish husband's faith would have been over- 

Then Ruth's husband died. 'Was she to lose both him 
and the faith which had become so dear to her? Such a 
thing was unthinkable to the girl. Judiasm was no 
longer just "a way" of life she had accepted upon her 
marriage. It had become "the" way, and life outside 
of her adopted faith was no life at all. We Christians 
know that outside of Christ there is nothing. This, of 
course, doesn't prevent our taking excursion now and 
then out into the glamour and superficial pleasures 
of the world. However, we soon realize, like the LSD 
user that this is a "bad" trip, and we are happy to re- 
turn to the Lord's family. Like the Prodigal Son, we 
know that outside of our father's house, we are worse 
off than the swine. The pig sties of life often seem 
exciting, reductive, but after a long association with the 
pigs, we smell the stench and are sickened at heart. 
Unfortunately, we continue to romp away at the bar- 
gain counters of the world where the false ideals are 
sold, and virtue and life are cheap. It is one of our 
human failings. It is well to know and to be warned. 
The poet reminds us: 

Earth gets its price for what Earth gives us; 

The beggar is taxed for a corner to die in. 

The priest hath his fee who comes and shrives us, 

We bcu-gain for the graves we lie in, 

At the Devil's booth are all things sold. 

Each ounce of dross costs its ounce of gold: 

For a cap and bells our life we pay. 

Bubbles we buy with the whole soul's tasking: 

'Tis Heaven alone that is given away, 

■Tis only God may be had for the asking. 

Ruth could bear the loss of her husband. She could 
even part with her beloved mother-in-law, but she could 
not bear to lose the true God whom she had so lately 
discovered. In those far-off days, each country had its 
own god and while one lived in a land he worshipped 
the particular god of that country. When he moved, he 
transferred his worship to the resident god. To the 
Jew and to the pagan also, Jehovah God lived and 
dwelled only among the Jews in the land of Judea. 
We know today that God is everywhere; omnipotent, 
omniscient and omnipresent. There is no time nor space 
to God. We saw that beautifully illustrated on Apollo 
8's trip to the moon. Almost at the same time the as- 
tronauts spoke or ate or moved we saw it or heard it. 
Though they were 240 thousand miles away, it was as 
if there was no barrier between us, and we are finite 
creatures with finite minds and methods. If we can 
reach other m,en so easily in the great canopy of space 
surely God can hear prayer, and is ever, times beyond 
number, closer to His people. We cannot travel beyond 
His sight. His hearing. His recognition. Whittier said 
it well. 

I know not where His islands lift 

Their fronded palms in air; 
I only know I cannot drift 

Beyond His love and care. 
Yet, Ruth in the custom of ancient people felt that 
God was found only in Israel, so there she must go. 

I would not take away anj'one's pleasure or faith 
in Ruth's love for her mother-in-law. Ruth did love 
Naomi. We always love in a special waj' the ones who 
have led us to the Lord, and we continue to inquire for 
them, no matter the years or the miles in between. But 
this is the obvious story, and "it is only with the heart 
that one can see rightly; what is essential is invisible 
to the eye." Thus, it was Ruth's overwhelming love for 
God which prompted her to journey to Bethlehem. There 
was something much greater, much more precious 
than a girl's devotion to her husband's mother. This 
particular passage (Ruth 1:16-17) soars and sings far 
above the minor melodies of man's voice. This passage 
is comparable to Mary's famous Magnificat (St. Luke 
1:46-551 which she sang to magnify the name of the 
Lord God when she knew of the coming birth of her 
son, Jesus. 

I know you must be wondering why Orpha the other 
daughter-in-law did not respond as whole-heartedly as 
did Ruth. Who can know? Why does the very same 
seed blossom and grow in one life and wither and die in 
another? Both grew side by side. Both had equal op- 
portunity. God loved both equally. (He is not willing 
for one to perish.) Yet one person developes a micro- 
scopic faith; the other a m.agnificant faith. Perhaps, the 
difference might be in the degree of desire. I am con- 
vinced that if one is to grow spiritually, he must have 
the gift of "wanting" to do so, the dearest gift of all. 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 

The lack of an inquiring, wanting mind is deatli in 
things of the intellect. It is even more deadly in things 
of the spirit. God knows a seeking heart and He will 
enrich and enlarge such a life a thousand fold beyond 
that of the non-searchers. Spiritual wisdom is not a 
matter of education nor intelligence. It is always a mat- 
ter of will and desire. James says very definitely, "Ye 
have not, because ye ask not." One must be electrically 
alert and responsive to the spirit if he is to grow up 
into the faith. Orpha, no doubt, a very lovely girl, re- 
quired little and thus received little. As a result, her 
name is mentioned briefly in the Scripture, and she 
drops from sight. We have no idea what became of her, 
but we can be sure she had no sucli deep and abiding 
experiences with the Lord. I can tell you little more of 
Orpha, a girl who saw her opportimity, but did not 
seize it. 

All I reall\' know is that God did an unspeakably 
taoautiful thing here in the book of Rutli. At a time 

wlien He was dealing exclusively with the Jew, at a 
time when the Gentile "dog" had not yet come into 
the vestibule of faith, God took time to look upon the 
pure and contrite heart of a Gentile maiden, even a 
Moabitess, a stranger, afraid and afar off from the 
covenant people of God. 

Here is Ruth, a descendant of Lot's evilness, tri- 
umphing over the Law of Israel, transcending that rigid 
Mosaic Code, the strictest law ever known to man. By 
her faith and through the Grace of God, she, an out- 
sider, found salvation. 

Oh, beautiful Ruth, lovely in mind and heart. She 
truly came out of her darkness into His marvelous 
Light, even before that Light came into the world. She 
was a stranger, afraid, in a world she never made, and 
she was one of the first to receive that great blessing: 
"I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat; I was thirsty, 
and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took 
me in." 

Signal Lights Program for April 
Prepared by Mrs. Alberta Holsinger 

Bible Theme: "BIBLE FRIENDS" 


Singing Time: 

"A Helper Evei-y Day" 
"Be Ye Kind" 
"Jesus' Helper" 
"Jesus' Helpers" 

(from Beginner's Sing) 

Bible Tune: 

Jesus' Friends Help Him 

(Have a large picture of The Last 
Supper by daVinci on the worship 
center. ) 

Many of yooi have seen this picture 
before. Who can tell us about it? 

Yes, this is Jesus and His disciples 
eating. They are eating a special 
meal called the Passover or the Last 

This is not a real picture of the 
supper. This is the way the artist, 
Mr. daVinci thought it looked. 

Before we can have a big dinner 
what does someone have to do? 
That's right. Someone has to pre- 
pare it for us. It is not easy to get 
ready for a feast. Those who fix it 

for us do it because they Iwe us. 

Jesus and His disciples were near 
the city of Jerusalem. It was time 
for the Passover feast. 

"I want to eat the Passover feast 
with you," Jesus told His friends. 

"But where can we have the din- 
ner," asked one of the disciples. "We 
do not have a home nor even a room 

"Peter," said Jesus, "I would like 
for you and John to go into the city. 
You will see a man carrying a jar of 
water. Follow him, He will stop at 
the home of a man who has a room 
we may use. Ask to use the room and 
get things ready for supper." 

Peter and John went into Jerusa- 
lem. They saw a man caiTying a jar 
of water. They followed him. They 
saw him go into a house. They knock- 
ed at the door. A man opened it. 

"We are Jesus' friends," said Peter. 
"Ho wants us to fix the Passover 
feast for Him. Do you have a room 
we may use?" 

"Yes, I have," answered the man. 
"Fallow me." 

He led them upsitairs to a large 
room. There was a long table and 
seats. There was a place to prepare 
the food. 

"Thank you," said John. "We wUl 
prepare the meal for Jesus." 

Later Jesus and the other disciples 
came. The table was set. The can- 
dles were lit. The food was cooked. 

Jesus smiled at Peter and John. 
"You have done well," He said. 
"Thank You. I am glad I have 
friends who will help me do the 
things I ask them to do." 

—Based on Mark 14:13-16 

Memory Time : 

John 20:31 

There are things each of us can do 
everyday to help Jesus. Our memoiy 
verse reminds us of this. 

(Read the verse. Have the children 
read it with you from the copies you 
ha/ve given them. 

Mai<li 15, 1969 

Page Nine 

ConHnue to chaJlenge l.hem In 
learn each month's verse anri i-efor- 
(ince. Review, i 

Mission Time: 

The Peanuts Grow 

"Come, Kuve," Zira called to liLs 
sister. "Let's get the hoetng done 
before the son gets high in the sky." 

Kuve came out of her hut can-ying 
her short-handled hoe. Together they 
walked down the path from their 
compound to the gai-den. 

As they hoed their father's garden 
they sajig. They sang about a loving 
heavenly Father. They sang about a 
wonderful Savior, Jesus. They sang 
the songs they learned at chui-ch. 

When the native evangelist first 
came to their village, Father went to 
the meeting under the tree in the 
center of the village. The evangelist 
was friendly and kind. He told won- 
derful stories. 

When Father came home from the 
meeting under the tree, he told 
Mother smd the children about it. 
The next week when the evangelist 
returned. Mother, Kuve, and Zira 
went to the meeting, too. Since that 
time they had not missed a meeting. 
They listened; they remembered; 
they talked about the things the 
evangelist taught. This new way of 
life was very different from the old. 
There would be times when it would 
be especially hard to live the Jesos 
way. But one day when the evangel- 
ist asked, "Are any of you now ready 
to let Jesus come into your hearts?" 
Father, Mother, Kuve, and Zira were 
among those who went to him and 
asked to be enroUed in the pre-bap- 
tism class. In this class they learned 
how to be followers of Jesus. 

That is why as they hoed the chil- 
dren sang songs about Jesus. They 
knew Him. They loved Him. 

As soon as they finished working 
in the family gai-den, Kuve said, 
"Now we must hoe our own little 
gardens. We want many peanuts to 
grow in them." 

"Oh, yes," agreed Zira. "I have 
already decided what I wiU do with 
the money I get when I sell the pea- 

"What win you buy, Zira?" his 
sister wanted to know. 

"Father has said we may go to 
the mission school when it opens 
again. I want a new shhit to wear." 
declared Zira. 

"The mission school is fi\e mUes 
away. It wiU be a long walk each 
day, but I am anxious to go, too. I 

■^hall the money from my peanuts 
to Imy material for a dros.s," said 

So for many days and weeks the 
children worked and sang and dream- 

One Sunday they heai-d some e.xcit- 
ing news at the meeting. The evan- 
gelist said, "if all of you will help, we 
will buUd a church in this village. We 
will buy the materials we need by 
selling the peanuts you bring as your 
offering two weeks from today. We 
will start the work later this week. 
Tlie women and children will cari-y 
water and mix mud for the walls. The 
men wUl break up the ground with 
picks and shovels." 

Kuve and Zira could talk of noth- 
ing else! How wonderful it woiUd be 
to have a church of their own! A 
church in which to worship God! 

The next day was mai-ket day. Mo- 
ther tied the baby Kwaji on her back. 
She and Kuve started down the path 
with the other women of the village. 
Father and Zira would come later 
with the men. There was much 
laughing, talking, and singing as they 
all walked along. 

Ku\'e and Zira visited with their 
friends and looked at all the pretty 
things for sale. 

Mother bought a cooking poit. Fath- 
er bought a hoe. Mother got some 
bean cakes to share with the women 
and childi-en on the way home and 
also some dried fish to cook in the 
gravy for supper. 

As they walked along tliey talked 
happily of the things tliey had seen. 

Kuve said, "I saw just the mate- 
rial I want to buy when I sell my 
peanuts. It's black with red and yel- 
low flowers." 

"I saw some I would like for my 
shirt," said Zira, "It's striped with 
many colors." 

The ne.xt week the whole family 
worked harvesting the peanuts. One 
evening Father said, "Tomorrow we 
wUl go to church. Then the next day 
we will take our peanuts to market 
to sell." 

He and Mother talked about hov\' 
many peanuts they woiuld take to the 
meetmg as their offering for the 
new church. 

When the famUy started for church 
the ne.xt day, Ku\-e and Zira were 
each can-ying a basket on their 

"Well, what have we here?" asked 

"These are our peanuts for the new 

chuieh." cxijlained Zira. 

"Yes." added Kuve. "Wc decided 
our village needed a church much 
more than we need new clothes. We 
already know the Savior Jesus and 
we are going to school to learn even 
more about Him. We want more of 
our fr.ends here at home to hear the 
wonderful stoiy, too." 

Kuve and Zh-a felt happier than 
they ever had before. They had 
worked hard to grow the peajiuts. 
Now they were giving them to be 
used in God's work. They were doing 
it because they loved Jesus and want- 
ed others to learn to love Him, too. 

Yes, they were singing as they took 
their offering to chiu-ch. 

Prayer Time: 

Lee us thank God for Jesus our 
Savior. Let us thank Him for our 
churches where we leai-n more about 

Let us ask Him to be with the 
evangelists and the missionai-ies as 
thty teach the Nigerians of Him. 

Activity Time: 

Uramatize the Mission Story 

Choose so'meone to be Ku\'a, Zira, 
Mother, Father, the evangelist. The 
other chUdren may be the viUagers. 

Review the story briefly and then 
permit the cliildren to act it out. 

Business Time: 

1. Signal Lights motto. 

2. RoU call. 

3. Talk about oui- pi-oject. 

4. Offering. 

5. Complete plans for the party for 
your friends who do not go to church. 

Handwork Time: 

Burlap Pictures 

For each cliUd you will need a 
small pictiu-e of The Last Supper 
(Simday school papers and calendars 
are good sources), a piece of card- 
board and a piece of burlap the size 
of the picture, glue, a sheet of white 
paper, colored cellophane tape, a pic- 
ture hanger. 

Cover one side of the cardboard 
with glue. Press the burlap onto it. 

Co\-er the back of the picttu-e with 
glue. Place it over the burlap. Place 
a sheet of white pai>er over the pic- 
ture. Rub finnly for a few minutes. 
When you remove the paper, you will 
see that the burlap has caused the 
picture to look like an oiU painting. 

Bind the picture with colored tape. 
Attach a picture hanger to the back. 

Signal Lights Benediction 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 

World Missions Offering Report 

JULY 1, 1967 — JUNE 30, 1968 

This report has been based on receipts during the last fiscal year of the Mission- 
ary Board of the Brethren Church. 

1966-1967 1967-1968 

Total Church Offerings 

Individual's Contributions 


Dividend and Interest Income 

Memorial Gifts 

Miscellaneous Income 

District & Nat'l Organizations 


















1. New Lebanon, Ohio, Church 

2. Goshen, Indiana, Church 

3. North Manchester, Indiana, Church 

4. New Paris, Indiana, Church 

5. Elkhart, Indiana, Church 

6. Nappanee, Indiana, Church 

7. Louisville, Ohio, Church 

8. Vlnco, Pennsylvania, Church 

9. Smithvllle, Ohio, Church 

10. Park St., Ashland, Ohio, Church 



Southeastern District 







Kimsey Run 




Harrisonburg, Virginia 
Herndon, Virginia 
Cumberland, Maryland 
Faj-etteville, West Virginia 
Haddix, Kentucky 
Hagerstown, Maryland 
Kimsey Run, West Virginia 
Quicksburg, Virginia 
Linwood, Maryland 






S 333.00 















■ 222.00 


March 15, 19fi9 

Page Eleven 

Losi Creek 
Mt. Olive 
Oak Hill 
St. James 
St. Luke 

l>(isl t 'I'cck. KciUiic-ky 
Mathias, West Virginia 
Maurertown. Virginia 
Pineville, Virginia 
Oak Hill, West Virginia 
Rowdy, Kentucky 
St. James, Maryland 
Woodstock, Virginia 
Washington, D. C. 1 


















Pennsylvania District 


Brush VaUey 




Fairless HiUs-Levittown 


Johnstown First 

Johnstown Second 

Johnstown Third 



Mt. Olivet 

Mt. Pleasant 


Quiet Dell 



VaUey Church 

Vandergrift (Pleasant View) 


Waynesboro (Wayne Heiglits) 

White Dale 

Berlin, Pennsyhania 
Adrian, Pennsylvania 
Pittstown, New Jersey 
Cameron, West Virginia 
Conemaugh, Pennsylvania 
Levittown, Pennsylvania 
Marianna, Pennsylvania 
Jolmstown, Pennsylvania 
Johnstown, Pennsylvania 
Johnstown, Pennsylvania 
Masontown, Pennsylvania 
Meyersdale, Pennsylvania 
Georgetown, Pennsylvania 
Mt. Pleasant, Pennsylvania 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 
Cameron, West Virginia 
Saxton, Pennsylvania 
Sergeantsville, New Jersey 
Jones Mills, Pennsylvania 
Vandergrift, Pennsylvania 
Mineral Point, Pennsylvania 
Waynesboro, Pennsylvania 
Terra Alta, West Virginia 















































Ohio District 

Akron (Firestone Park) 

Ashland (Garber) 

Ashland (Park St.) 

Canton (Trinity) 

Columbus ( Co-operative ) 

Dayton (Hillcrest) 









New Lebanon 

North Georgetown 

Pleasant Hill 


West Ale.xandria 


Akron, Ohio 
Ashland, Ohio 
Ashland, Ohio 
Canton, Ohio 
Columbus, Ohio 
Dayton, Ohio 
Fremont, Ohio 
Glenford, Ohio 
Gratis, Ohio 
Bellefontaine, Ohio 
Louisville, Ohio 
Mansfield, Ohio 
Massillon, Ohio 
Newark, Ohio 
New Lebanon, Ohio 
North Georgetown, Ohio 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio 
Smithville, Ohio 
West Ale.xandria, Ohio 
WiUiamstown, Ohio 









































Indiana District 

Brighton Chapel 

South Bend, Indiana 



Howe, Indiana 



Bryan, Ohio 



Burlington, Indiana 



Fage Twelve 

Xhe Brethren Evangelist 

Center Chapel 

College Corner 


County Line 




Elkhart (Winding Waters i 












New Paris 

North Liberty 

North Manchester 





South Bend 





Peru, Indiana 366.00 

Wabash, Indiana 161.00 

Twelve Mile, Indiana 188.00 

LePaz, Indiana 989.00 

Denver, Indiana 148.00 

Warsaw, Indiana 106.00 

Elkhart, Indiana 8,201.00 

Elkhart, Indiana 308.00 

Flora, Indiana 1,622.00 

Goshen, Indiana 6,653.00 

Huntington, Indiana 137.00 

Kokomo, Indiana 321.00 

Bunker Hill, Indiana 831.00 

Bronson, Michigan 102.00 

Peru, Indiana 360.00 

Milford, Indiana 520.00 

Mishawaka, Indiana 367.00 

Muncie, Indiana 154.00 

Nappanee, Indiana 4,543.00 

New Paris, Indiana 1,200.00 

North Liberty, Indiana 363.00 

North Manchester, Indiana 4,981.00 

Oakville, Indiana 521.00 

Peru, Indiana 52.00 

Roann, Indiana 2,750.00 

Roanoke, Indiana 131.00 

South Bend, Indiana 513.00 

Teegarden, Indiana 195.00 

Rochester, Indiana 110.00 

Wabash, Indiana 240.00 

Warsaw, Indiana 628.00 

Central District 

Cedar Falls 

Cerro Gordo 





Midwest District 

Falls City 
Fort Scott 

Cedar Falls, Iowa 
Cerro Gordo, Illinois 
Lanark, Illinois 
Milledgeville, Illinois 
Udell. Iowa 
Waterloo, Iowa 

Carleton, Nebraska 
Cheyenne, Wyoming 
Derby, Kansas 
Falls City, Nebraska 
Fort Scott, Kansas 
McLouth, Kansas 
Morrill, Kansas 
Mulvane, Kansas 





























Nortliern California District 


, California 



I, California 



n, California 




Papago Park 

Tempe, Arizona 
Tucson, Arizona 




St. Petersburg 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Sarasota, Florida 


March 15, l!»6!) 

Page Thirteen 


James E. Norris 

Program for April 



Guest Writer: 


Pastor, S+, James Brethren Church 


"The just shall live by their faith." These words not 
jnly keynote the Reformation but also must become 
)ur way of life if success is to attend the Laymen's 
A'ork in the church. Faith, however, is not a lullaby to 
>leep by but a march to work by. 

Since our ability to achieve is directly related to faith, 
et's discuss the place of faith in the work of the 
[. Faith's necessity in the worlt of the Laymen 

A. To place first things first, before we may be sue 
cessful in our labors we must be "right" with our 
employer, Christ. Faith is the fundamental require 
ment of salvation (John 6:28; Heb. ll:6i. The gifts 
attendant upon salvation also come by faith — re- 
birth (Rom. 10:9), justification (Rom. 5:1 >. eternal 
life (John 3:15), and enlightenment (John 12:46i. 

B. Faith also is essential to "living" the Christian 
life. Faith is our defensive weapon against Satan 
(Eph. 6:16). Faith is our breath of spiritual life 
for it is essential to prayer, our communion with 
the Father (James l:5i. 

C. Faith assuies success In (he work (u wliiiii we 
iiave been called (11 Chron. 20:20). 

D. A faith to be reborn, to live, to work by. 

We believe the doctrines of Christianity to be true, 
but faith goes beyond this. Faith is more involved in 
our growth in spirit and knowledge. It means "holding 
on" to things our reason has once accepted, despite 
changing moods. 

Now our minds are not normally "ruled" by reason. 
Reason knows that water will support a swimmer yet 
our mind fears. 

"Suppose a man's reason once decided that the weight 
of evidence is for. . . (Chistianity). . . there will come 
a moment when there is bad news, or he is in trouble, 
or is living among a lot of other people who do not 
believe it, and all at once his emotions will rise up and 
carry out a sort of blitz on his belief. Or else there will 
come a moment when he wants a woman, or wants to 
tell a lie, or feels very pleased with himself or sees a 
chance of making a little money in some way that is 
not perfectly fair. Some moment. . . at which it would 
be very convenient if Christianity were not true. And 
once again his wishes and desires will carry out a blitz" 
(p. 21 "Mere Christianity," C. S. Lewis, Fontana). 

We must get in battle trim for rebellion of moods 
againsl reason will come. "Now that I am a Christian 
1 do liave moods in which the whole thing looks very 
improbable: but when I was an atheist I had moods in 

I'age Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

which Christianity looked terribly probable" (p. 121 
"Mere Cliristianity," C. S. Lewis, Fontanal. 

". . . unless you teach your moods 'where to get oil,' 
you can never be either a sound Christian or even a 
sound atheist, but just a creature dithering to and fro, 
with its beliefs really dependent on the weather and the 
state of its digestion" (p. 121, "Mere Christianity," C. S. 
Lewis, Fontana). 

We must train the liabit of faith. Recognize that 
moods do change. So feed your spiritual mind in prep- 
aration for the battle. 

II. E.xaniples of Laymen wlio worked by faith 

A. Soldier Caleb who conquered a mountain in which 
giants dwelled (Josh. 14:12). 

B. Shepherd David who while a teenager killed a 
giant (I Sam. 17:37). 

C. Three Hebrew statesmen refused to relinquish 
faith (Dan. 3:17). 

III. Obstacles that test faith 

Try to live by faith. Make a serious attempt to prac- 
tice faith, hope and love for six weeks. Quickly we learn 
we are failures. We fall back as far or further than the 
point at which we began. No man knows how bad he 
really is until he has tried very hard to be good. Only 
those who resist temption know how strong it can be- 
come. Bad people know very little about badness for 
they have been sheltered by giving in. 

The instant we try to live by faith we discover ob- 

1. Lack of interest on the part of church people 
(Mark 10:13). 

2. Discouraging circumstances (Luke 5:18-19). 

3. Unbelieving friends (Mark 5:3.5). 

4. Scoffers (John 9:24). 

Where does our failure leave us? Once we have dis- 
covered our failure, God can get to work. Our spiritual 
bankruptcy opens Heaven's vaults. 

IV. God provides aids to build our faith 

A. Signs, miracles and wonders fill us with joy as 
we see God work (E.\. 4:4-5). 

B. The Scriptures verify that God has and does work 
(I John 5:13). 

C. Witnesses corroborate that He still works (John 

D. After all, we are united with God, so how can we 
fail (John 17:21). 


Faith to live and work by! 

". . . what God cares about is not exactly our actions. 
What He cares about is that we should be creatures of 
a certain kind of quality — the kind of creatures He 
intended us to be — creatures related to Him in a certain 
way" ( p. 125 "Mere Christianity," C. S. Lewis Fontana ) . 

We must realize and admit our spiritual bankruptcy 
by trying to be good and failing. "Trying to be good 
does not gain Heaven but shows how badly we need 

Leave your life to God. Put all your trust in Christ. 
Trust that he will share His perfect obedience with us, 
and that He will make us like Him. 

This does not mean we stop "trying." To trust Him 
means to obey Him bul not quite so worriedly. "Not 
hoping to gel to Heaven as a rewai'd for your actions, 
but inevitably wanting to act in a certain way because 

a first faint gleam of Heaven is already inside you" 
(p. 127 "Mere Christianity," C. S. Lewis, Fontana). 

"One had a glimpse of a country where they do not 
talk of those things, except perhaps as a joke. Everyone 
there is filled full with what we should call goodness as 
a mirror is filled with light. But they do not call it 
goodness. They do not call it anything. They are not 
thinking of it. They are too busy looking at the Source 
from which it comes" (p. 128-129, "Mere Christianity," 
C. S. Lewis, Fontana). 

Work out your own salvation with fear and tremb- 
liuif for it is God who worketh in you! 



T WAS RECENTLY appointed Brotherhood Advisor 
for the Pennsylvania District. At first I felt reluct- 
ant to accept the appointment, but when I thought how 
important it is to train our young men in the church 
I accepted. I will need the co-operation of every man 
and boy in the Pennsyh'ania District. 

Men, are you willing to give just a little of your time 
and money to help guide our boys and young men in 
the Christian way of life? 

Boys, are you willing to give just a little of your time 
to learn more of the teachings of Christ and how to 
grow into a mature Christian leader? 

I'm here to help botli men and boys, and I do solicit 
your prayers that God will help me in this - so import- 
ant task. 

Each church will be hearing from me soon. If you 
wish to keep one jump ahead, you can organize the 
Laymen in your church and get ready for action. For 
the small churches who have only a couple men, that 
will be enough until you get more, but organize. 

James I. Mackall 


president I have stepped out in faith and given 
the O.K. for the program chairman to secure the ser- 
vices of brother Roy LeTourneau as our Laymen's 
Night Speaker on Tuesday night of General Conference. 
Mr. LeTourneau is one of the heads of LeTourneau Col- 
lege of Longview, Texas. He is a son of R. G. LeTour- 
neau who pioneered large, earth moving machinery, 
founded the above mentioned college and still serves 
on its board. I am counting on you to come through 
with your Public Service Offerings to help defray the 
expenses of this outstanding lay speaker. 

I have several things on my mind at this time. I am 
wondering just what the laymen of the Brethren 
Church are doing for the furtherance of the kingdom 
of our Lord and Savior. I hear men say "we want more 
to do." Men, I say we have more to do than we can 
handle. The Laymen are to sponsor and furnish leader- 
ship for the Boys Brotherhood Do you have a Boys 
Brotherhood in your church? If not, you are not doing 
all you can. Have you turned in names for the Minis- 

March 15, 1969 

Page Fifteen 

terial Recruitment Program? If not, here again you 
are not doing all you can. 

Please send in your national dues along with your 
list of names and addresses of your local officers now. 

Last year only nine organizations turned in their 
completed goal sheets. In case you are not aware of it, 
we are giving a nice plague to the organization who 
has the highest percentage of completed goals. Wash- 
ington, D. C. won it last year. There is still time for 
your group to win. May tlio Lord bless each of you. 

— Richard Reed 

Third Church 

NINTEEN men assembled in the social rooms of 
Third Brethren Church, Johnstown, Monday eve- 
ning, January 27, for the regular "Men's Night" meet- 
ing. This event encompasses the Men's Bible Class and 
The Laymen's Organization. Clarence Howard is the 

president of the Bible Class and Norman Grumbling. 
Jr. is laymen president. 

Considerable attention was given to The National 
Laymen's Organization pamphlet, "Are You Aware." 
This attention will be reflected, I'm sure, in a good 
offering from Third Brethren Laymen at the General 
Conference of The Brethren Church in August. 

We meet the last Monday night of each month. 

Floyd Benshoff 


* I 'HE executive board of this district met Sunday, 
1 January 26, and at this meeting, among other 
items cared for, it appointed James I. Mackall as the 
district Boys' Brotlierhood advisor. Brother Mackall is 
a very busy layman in the Vinco church. He is a past 
president of the District Laymen's Organization. 

Leroy Boyer, sec. 


THE GOODWILL CLASS paid special tribute to Mrs. 
Ruth Diehl for her twenty-five years of teaching 
at a fellowship meal at a local restaurant February 8. 
Following a delicious meal the class president, Evelyn 
Kerr, suggested that February, being a month of love, 
was an appropriate time for the class to show their 
affection for Mrs. Diehl. The program of the evening 
was in her honor. There were 29 in attendance. 

Thelma Jodry read a poem entitled "The Shared Loaf" 
expressing concern for the giving of love to those in 
need. Louise Bishop read Titus 2:1-8 from "Today's 
English Version" illustrating the characteristics of a 
faithful teacher. Evelyn Kerr read tiu' following Iribulc 
to Mrs. Diehl for tweiiij-five year.s (j| taithtiil .service 

"What does one say for twenty-five year.s of faithful 
and dedicated service? A 'Thank you?' Of course! A 

medal — we could I Expensive gifts? How impractical for 
one who wastes not our Lord's blessings. 

"This one has seen us become parents and grandpar- 
ents, has shared our triumphs and our sorrows, seen 
our faitli carry us through trials and good fortunes, as 
together we have grown in His service. 

"She has seen our children grown and off to college, 
off to the wars to serve our country in all branches of 
the service — as did her own son — and surely her pray- 
ers were among those for our fighting men. 

"In twenty-five years there must have been days when 
the lieart was willing but the body cried "no" — but we 
never knew! Surely sometimes she wondered if wo 
were absorbing very much, if any, of her well prepared 
teachings. But we were — though oft times we must 
have seemed apathetic. 

"Hers were always willing hands, when circumstan- 
ces demanded thus: fellowship dinners, family dinners 
for the deceased, departing ministers and the welcoming 
of new servants of God. 

"She would be the first to oppose fanfare sucli as 
this, but we, like children, want to show our high regard 
for this kind. Christian woman who has given so much 
of her time and talents for our Christian heritage. 

"Surely the Lord must be destining a place for her. 

"What does one say? 'Thank you' and as our God 
above will surely say one day, 'Well done, thou good 
and faithful servant.'" 

.She was pieseiUed <i subsciiplion lo the daily Fori 
Wayne .Journal Gazettf, a copy of "The Analyzed Bible" 
by G. Campbell Morgan and a lovely corsage. The table 
was graced with an appropriate bouquet. 

'a;;e Sixteen 

The Brethren Kvangelist 


Ephesians 3:18 

for 1968-69, "Let God's Love Prevail," 
has tremendous possibilities. It is most 
provocative. I was pleased when I heard 
it. I was thrilled when I saw it. It is pos- 
itive, forward looking, inspiring. It is lib- 
erating in its thrust. "Let God's Love Pre- 
vail." God's love doesn't have to bo pro- 
tected, defended. It overflows, it over- 
whelms. All that is necessary is to turn it 
loose. The theme is also relevant. Never 
before in the history of mankind has 
there been a greater need for God's love 
to be spread abroad in the hearts of men. 
We live in a world that is getting smaller 
by the minute. Men are still born alone, 
they still die alone and they still come to 
Jesus alone, but the modern world is forc- 
ing them to live most of their waking 
hours together. Interdependence has .sup- 
planted independance as the rule of life. 
We live in a world that suffers from 
racial strife. Not only the United States 
but many nations suffer from the attacks 
of this demon. We live in a world tliat 
exists under the shadow of the atomic 
question mark. We live in a world where 
the majority of mankind is poor and 
hungry — 10,000 human beings die of star- 
vation every day. Over one-half of the 
world's three billion people live in per- 
petual hunger. In 1968 we have a bumper 
crop of wheat with prices at the lowest 
point since the depression. And in the 
U.S. the family pet dog eats better than 
I he average laborer in India. Asia, with 
one-half of the world's population, has 
only one-fourlh of the world's tood sup- 
ply. We live in a world that is plagued by 

a population explosion that is raising the 
threat of malnutrition, disease and civil 
strife. Out of this background, Pope Paul 
VI issued his long awaited encyclical, "Of 
Human Life," reaffirming in sweeping 
terms the church's historic stand against 
all artifical means of preventing child- 
birth. We live in a world that is roughly 
one-third Christian and this is speaking 
loosely indeed. North Africa, once soundly 
Christian, the home of the great Augus- 
tine, today, finds that only two out of 
every 1,000 persons there are Christian. 
Five of every six are Mohammedan. In 
Asia, where Jesus was born, where the 
church began, where the first missionaries 
were sent from, one finds that one of 
every thousand persons is an evangelical 
Christian. Seven of every eight are Mo- 

This is the world in which we live and 
it's crying for revelation of God's love 
and the application of God's love in terms 
that it can understand. So I say, "Let 
God's Love Prevail." 

Before I'm found guilty of taking a 
text and going everywhere preaching, it 
is fitting that wo should look at the con- 
text of the theme. The larger context is 
the book of Ephesians. It is about the 
church. In chapter one there is the "Intro- 
duction to the Church." One phrase stands 
out for it occurs five times in the first 
chapter and fifteen times throughout the 
epistle. It is "in Christ." Another charac- 
I eristic expression is the phrase "in the 
heavenlies." By this Paul draws atten- 
ii(in lu the spiritual spheie in which Chris- 
tianity operates. Paul was thrilled with 

Miuvli 15, l}»«9 

Page Seventeen 




the thought that even before the world 
was formed God chose to have a holy 
people, blameless and full of love. He in- 
tended these people to be his sons through 
Jesus Christ. A new family was planned 
which would be a witness to His Grace 
in human life to such an extent that men 
would praise God for it. 

In chapter two the "Church's Experi- 
ence" is related as we are introduced to 
God's workmanship. Of utmost impor- 
tance to any workman is his raw material. 
In this case the raw material is not in the 
least bit promising. It is marked as spir- 
itually dead because of disobedience and 
sin, commitment to the methods of this 
present evil age, allegiance to the spirit 
which makes men disobey God and indul- 
gence in a life of passion (2:l-3i. 

It is good to note that when Paul con- 
templates the hopelessness of man. he 
never stops there but goes on to meditate 
about God's grace. He describes the char- 
acter of God in the following terms: (li 
God's mercy is so abundant (2) God's 
love is so great. The wealth of His grace 
and the greatness of His love took action 
when men were still hidden in their sin- 
ful state (2:4, 5). God's mericiful action 
is threefold. First, we are revitalized be- 
cause we have new life in Christ. Second, 
we are resurrected in that we share in 
the resurrection of Christ. Third, we are 
rewarded for we sit in heavenly places 
with Christ. 

No one has ever been more conscious 
of the futitity of trying to save himself 
than the Apostle Paul. That is why he 
declares, "For it Is by Gods grace that 

you have been saved, through faith. It is 
not your own doing but God's gift" (Eph. 
2:8 TEV). The deep struggles of the mind 
and the spirit which preceded the great 
surrender on the Damascus road had im- 
pressed on Paul the perilous dangers of 
trusting in his own achievements. The 
truth is this, "God is our Maker, we are 
his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus 
for a life of good works which he has 
already prepared for us to do" (2:10 TEV). 
Those who have been newly created in 
Christ are not a collection of isolated in- 
dividuals, "Lone Ranger Christians," they 
are a part of the corporate body. This 
thought leads the Apostle to dwell on the 
unity which has been achieved between 
Jew and Genti'e. It was unthinkable to 
Paul that a Gentile Church and a Jewish 
Church should exist. Unity was all-im- 
portant. I wonder what the Apostle Paul 
would think of the Brethren, the Church 
of the Brethren, the Brethren in Christ, 
the United Brethren, the Mennonite Breth- 
ren and some 290 other Protestant denom- 
inations. The purpose of Christ was to 
make one group out of the two, which 
meant making an entirely new whole. 
Both were transformed and peace was the 
result (Eph. 2:12-22). 

In chapter three of Ephesians, the sub- 
ject is the "Mystery of the Church." The 
secret is this (3:6). . . "members of the 
same body." The body metaphor draws 
attention to the unity of the Jews and 
Gentiles. It expresses the incompleteness 
of the body without the head and also 
the incompleteness of the head without 
the body. In other words, the church is 

Piige Eighteen 

Tlie Brethren Evangelist 

Christ's arms and feet on earth, without 
which Pie cannot fulfill His true function. 
The fulness of Christ finds a chosen out- 
let in the church. 

The Apostle proceeds to describe the 
making of his own ministry (3:7). Then 
he prays for the church. He prays that 
it will have inward strength to become 
a spiritual powerhouse. He prays that 
Christ will make His home in believers' 
hearts. Paul envisages for Christians a life 
in which Christ assumes the mastery, a 
life in which Christ has His dwelling 
place in every action and thought. He 
prays for comprehension of the incompre- 
hensible. "That you may grasp, under- 
stand, experience the dimensions of 
Christ's love and thus be filled with the 
perfect fulness of God" (Amplified N.T. 
3:19). God's love is a major theme in 
Scripture. Texts such as John 3:16, I John 
4:10, Romans 5:8, I Corinthians 13:13 
bear this out. The greatest of . . . all is 
love (Mark 12:28-31). 

Now returning to the book of Ephesians. 
chapter 4, we note that Paul having en- 
treated God on behalf of his readers, 
next entreats his readers on behalf of 
God (4:1-7, 11-12). Paul is saying that love 
is basically a positive response to a prior 
love. Love is created when the spirit of 
love takes over a human life to incarnate 
the teaching of divine truth. Love is not 
merely something that we sing about, 
"Love divine all loves excelling, joy of 
heaven to earth come down . . . Love isn't 
just a good idea such as "Lo\e your ene- 
mies." Love cannot and dare not be limited 
to cliches and generalities. Love always 
moves to action. "For God so loved the 
world that he gave. . ." (John 3:16). "Here- 
in is love, not that we loved God but that 
he loved us and gave. . ." I John 4:8). 

Thus, when a man becomes a believer, 
he does not retreat from his responsibil- 
ities as a member of society; quite the 
opposite. He takes his place in the tradi- 
tion of Moses. Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah. 
Jeremiah, Mary, James and John the Bap- 
tizer. It is not surprising that the Ameri- 
can plantation slaves seized upon Moses 
standing before Pharoah and crying out, 
"Let my People Go!" as their spokesman 
nearly 3,000 years after his day. Moses 
is the liberator who leads vicitimized and 
oppressed people into normal place in the 
family of mankind. Amos was the proto- 
type of every pretesting minority as he 
stormed into Bethel crying, "Let justice 
roll down like the waters, and righteous- 
ness like an ever-flowing stream." The 
shepherd from Tekoa applies the divine 
plumbline to such widely scattered issues 
as race, poverty, war, real estate profi- 

teering and discrimination against min- 

As Sherwood Wirt, editor of Decision 
magazine writes in his book The Social 
Conscience of the Evangelical, "The early 
Hebrews learned at the foot of Mount 
Sinai that in the sight of God there is 
indeed a difference between the sacred 
and the profane, but there is no differ- 
ence between the spiritual and the social. 
Social wrongs to God are moral wrongs." 
Dr. Wirt suggests that the social con- 
sciousness of John the Baptist could have 
been the result of the influence of Mary 
the mother of Jesus. Her "Magnificat" 
sparkles with social awareness and has 
been called the battle hymn of democracy. 
Be that as it may, John was an authentic 
prophet in the Hebrew tradition who 
the universality of man 
the voluntary distribution of wealth 
the sharing of surplus food 
the necessity of repentance 
high ethical standards 
and denounced corruption in 
John the Baptist did not by-pass social 
issues in his role as forerunner and pro- 
claimer of the Messiah. 

Jesus standing on the shoulder of John, 
exhibiting the kind of life that God in- 
tends every man to live, manifested a 
social passion to match that of the Old 

The Gospels represent Jesus as a champ- 
ion of the economically dispossessed. 
He exalts lo\'e for neighbor along with 

love for God. 
He reaches out to foreigners who are 
beyond the borders of the "Israel of 
He seeks release of prisioners, captives, 

He denounces religious leaders who de- 
vour the homes of widows. 
He insists that a man put the care of 
his own parents ahead of his obli- 
gations to his religion. 
His treatment of women is radically 

opposed to the pictures of that day. 
He exhibits sympathy and understand- 
ing toward children. 
He operates an out-patient clinic wher- 
ever he happens to be. 
He insists upon justice as a basis for 

everyday dealing between citizens. 
His social teaching is found in parables 

like the "Good Samaritan." 
If one summary statement of his eth- 
ics can be made, it is that love of God is 
best shown by love of fellow man. The 
master motive of His life was love, love 
for the Father and love for the world. 

Maicli 15, 1969 

Page NineteeD 

This is apparent from thie story ot the 
"Good Samaritan." Here the context is a 
discussion of love (Lul^e 10:25-28). The 
lawyer questioning Jesus calls for a defin- 
ition of terms. After all this is His task, 
defining and refining. Jesus, in reply, 
gives no definition but instead describes 
a situation (Luke 10:29-37). Following the 
illustration He draws this conclusion: 
"You go, then, and do the same." Now 
the truth expressed is this: 

You don't show love by singing about it. 

You don't show love by writing a book 
about it. 

You don't show love by talking about it. 
Our love for God is shown by something 
we do. "You go then and do the same." 

From the story it is apparent that love 
sends us to people where they are. The 
priest and the Levite could have respond- 
ed to the man in need with, "Why doesn't 
he go to our clinic?" Today some say, 
"They know the church is here. They can 
come if they want to." But the Samaritan 
"went to him" where he was. He got down 
off his social, economic, theological and 
organizational stilts and ministered to the 
man in need where he was. 

Second, it is apparent from the story 
that love enables us to see others as they 
are. The priest and the Levite saw only 
the repulsive externals, blood and crime, 
and dirt. The Samaritan saw a man in 
need, a fellow human being. 

Third, it is to be noted from the account 
that love equips one to feel with people. 
The priest and the Levite evidently re- 
sponded with, "Tcht, Tcht, Tcht, - Too 
bad." In contrast, the Samaritan has a 
heart that "was fiUed with compassion." 
He didn't liave only good intentions. He 
expressed sympathy. He had the ability 
to feel with the man. He identified with 
the man in his need. 

Fourth, it is evident trom this stor\ 
that love lifts people out of their need. 
Love doesn't just feel. It is not simply 
good intentions. It is not vague general- 
ities. Love leads to action. Note what the 
Samaritan did. 

He gave of his substance — poured oil 
and wine on his wounds. 

He gave of his skill — bandaged his 

He gave of his conveyance — set him 
on his own animal. 

He gave of his time — took him to an inn. 

He gave of his funds — two silver coins 
equal to two days wages. 
He gave all this to see the man's recovery. 

Now I would remind you once again 
that the context is love. If you love God, 
you will love your neighbor. You go, then, 
and do the same. . . Let God's love pre- 

vail. This is what Jesus did. You go, then, 
and do the same. 

Perhaps you are thinking that this 
sounds too much like a revival of the 
social gospel. Permit me to introduce at 
this point the writing of Dr. Timothy 
Smith who carefully documents the little 
known fact that the social gospel took 
its roots, not in religious hberalism or 
skepticism, but in the evangelical revival 
of the 19th century. When the social 
gospel first appeared, it was a serious 
evangelical effort to apply the compassion 
of Christ to the lives of men. After the 
Civil War and Reconstruction Period, the 
cliaracter of the social gospel changed. 
New leaders appeared and joined their 
sympathies to the growing working class 
movement. Such action aroused the ire 
of well-to-do conservative elements in the 
established churches. These elements sus- 
pected deviations. They became Pharisa- 
ical defenders of the faith who strain 
out knats and swallow camels. Much en- 
ergy was consumed in defending lost 
causes which the Bible never set forth 
and which Christ never championed. To- 
day we look back with affection upon the 
stout-hearted zealot who fought for the 
purity of the faith. However, his short- 
comings are obvious at this juncture in 
history. His premises were sound, his logic 
sustained, but he failed to look out for the 
needs of his neighbors. His social con- 
science went into rigor mortis. 

The evangelical of the sixties is emerg- 
ing from his Rip Van Winkle sleep. He 
wants the church to return to its historic 
Biblical position of concern for society. 
This is apparent from several sides. 

First, the National Association of Evan- 
gelicals meeting last April in the city of 
"Brotherly Love" had their convention 
reported in Clu-istianity Today in the fol- 
lowing terms: "A Stirring of the Con- 

"A feeble awakening — but an awaken- 
ing nonetheless. With quiet candor, and 
at times, courage, a number of evangel- 
icals addressed themselves to social prob- 
lems of the day, particularly tensions 
between the races." General Director, 
Clyde W. Taylor, said, "evangelicals must 
take a renewed interest in the public life 
of our country," and urged those present 
lo meet "physical needs, help with the 
social problems, care for the sick." 
Brethren, we are members of N.A.E. Our 
delegates were present at that convention. 

Second, many Brethren congregations 
lit our day are no longer the fundamental 
enclaves they were in the thirties and 
forties. Many of our congregations want 
llteir ministers to be fervent, dedicated. 

I'age Twenty 

The Brethren Evangelist 

evangelistic and Biblically oriented, plus 
a new element. Many of our congregations 
desire a pastor who is imaginatively and 
effectively cognizant of I he social ferment 
going on about him. Many of our congre- 
gations want pastors who are socially sen- 
sitive to all sides. They want sermons that 
will help a person deal with the space age 
in the mode of the living Christ. Some 
congregations, without forsaking their 
spiritual heritage, without reducing the 
content of the Bible, are assisting their 
members in finding answers for the prob- 
lems facing society. 

Brethren, we stand at a juncture in our 
own liistory. We dare not continue to be 
defenders of the Gospel. We must become 
instruments tlirough which the love of 
God can flow. 

It's providential that Dr. A. T. Ronk 
lias recently completed the book History 
of the Bretlireu Church. Now it is pos- 
.sible for all Brethren who can read to 
gain a thorough understanding of our 
true spirit. Before this book this was the 
realm of the scholar. Today, thanks to 
Dr. Ronk, the traditions of the Brethren 
are open and available to all. 

Together we can understand from 
whence we have come, who we are and 
which direction we should take in the 
future. Let's not despise our history. Let's 
appreciate it. Let's understand it. Only by 
doing this can we be free to act from it 
and not be bound by it. 

Dr. Ronk has helped us to see that the 
essence of the Brethren Church is cap- 
tiu-ed in our name, Bretliren. We call each 
other Brother. Our imiqueness is a style 
of life characterized by openness and free- 
dom based on Jesus' words concerning the 
abundant life. In tlie ISSO's we received 
the label of "Progressive Brethren." It is 
my judgment that we lost tills designation 
in the twenties and thirties as we became 
defenders of God, protectors of God's 
Word, biblicists. We lost the essence of 
what it means to bo Brethren, brothers 
in the Lord dwelling together in love and 

Listen if you will to the words of a great 
sage. These are not the words of a young- 
blood but those of a sage as he analyzes 
from our history the essence of the pro- 
gressive Brethren spirit. 

"When one reads the portion of Mack's 
writing called Rights and Ordinances of 
the House of God, in the form of father 
and son conversation, it is easy to con- 

clude that the entire section records the 
processes through which they arrived at 
their settled doctrine. By settled doctrine 
is meant settled for the time. Those Breth- 
ren knew they had not arrived at the 
final state of full knowledge, for Mack's 
36th answer confesses that, "We have 
learned, and must continue to learn. . .' 
The immediate reference to learning was, 
of love in discipline, but it is characteristic 
of their general outreach. It was the spirit 
of progressivism that they found in the 
main stream of Brethrenism into which 
they were daring to wade" (History of the 
Bretlu-en Church, p. 38). On page 502 of 
the above work, progressivism is defined 
in the following way: "The words Pro- 
gressive and Progressivism were much 
misunderstood and misused at one time in 
Brethren History. It designated an atti- 
tude of some of the German Baptist mem- 
bers regarding the question of personal 
appearance and methods of gospel witness 
in opposition to the established order. 
Those who advocated personal liberty in 
dress, or the use of evangelistic meetings, 
Sunday Schools, a paid ministry, educa- 
tion, a free press, etc., were called pro- 
gressives. True progressivism, as defined 
for this study, is growing in knowledge 
and spiritual magnitude." 

Yes, tlie essence of the Brethren Church 
IS found in brotherliness. Defensive and 
divisive action destroy brotherliness. The 
Brethren Church cannot go on without 
brotlierliness because brotherliness is our 
essence. When we cease to be brotherly, 
the Church of Jesus Christ will continue, 
but we will cease to be a part of that 
greater Church. 

Only as we act in a brotherly way to- 
ward one another and to all men do we 
have any right to exist. When brotherli- 
ness ceases, God will go elsewhere. God 
will use other people. Our task is to let 
God's love prevail. 

This past summer I was privileged to 
visit the Holy Land. On our travels our 
group stopped at the city of Nablus situ- 
ated between the two mountains of Ger- 
izim and Ebal. Nearby is located Jacob's 
well. In the area resides one of the two 
remaining colonies of Samaritans. They 
still sacrifice lambs on Mount Gerizim. 
They still maintain a synagogue. They 
still display what they claim to be a 3600- 
year-old scroll of the Pentateuch. They 
are blind, feeble, irrelevant defenders of 
the Laws of Moses. God save us from 
such an end. Let God's Love Prevail. 

This is the Vice-Moderator's address present-* 
ed at the 1968 General Conference. 

March 15, 1969 

Page Twentj-oiu' 








It has been said, "A lie will travel 
around the world before truth can get its 
shoes on." As baffling as this may be, 
it certainly testifies that man's depravity 
provides fertile soil for delusions and lies. 
The twentieth century marks one of the 
most sensational in history in terms of 
man's ingenuity and achievement. How- 
ever it is paradoxical that man at the same 
time is continually susceptible to historical 
heresies. Thus, a heresy such as Universal- 
ism revives from its wounds of the an- 
cient past and ensnares man with the sub- 
tlety that was present in the Garden of 

Neo-Universallsm Defined 

Universalism may be briefly defined as 
the doctrine of the ultimate, eternal well- 
being of every person. James Packer ex- 
plains Universalism most adequately as 
he states: "Universalism is the increas- 
ingly influential belief tliat every human 
being whom God has created, or will 
create, will eventually enter into the bliss 
prepared by God for them that love Him 
... In its modern dress it is an optimism, 
not of nature, but of grace. Its key- 
thought is not that no one is bad enough 
to merit damnation, or that God is by 
nature too kind to inflict it. Its key- 

ihcjughl. rather, is thai sovereign grace 
will not have triumphed fully or finally 
until every member of our hell-deserving 
race is safe in glory. Universalists are con- 
vinced that no position other than their 
own can do iu.stice to the graciousness 
of God "I 

Tlie observation made by Packer, of 
distinguishing between the historic pos- 
ition of Universalism based upon nature 
over against Neo-Universalism based upon 
grace, is quite valid. 

A Brief Historical Slietcli 

This doctrine of the final restoration 
of all things and the ultimate salvation 
of all men is not new in the theological 
world. The doctrine has a pagan form and 
a Christian form. The pagan form is sim- 
ply the ultimate well-being of every per- 
son. Our immediate concern, however, is 
with the Christian form. 

In the Christian form of this doctrine 
one can go back as far as the Anti-Nicene 
Fathers and find a somewhat developed 
system of Universalism. The great early 
Church apologist, Origen, is credited as 
having a theory of the restoration of all 
things. However, it appears to have been 
a product of his youthful thinking and 
modified in his later years. Philip Schaff, 
a notable liistorian confirms this as he 
states: "Origen was the first Christian 
Universalist. He taught a final restoration, 
but witli modesty as a speculation ratlier 
than a dogma, in his youthful work de 
Prineipiis (written before 231). . . In his 
later writings there is only faint traces 
of it; he seems at least to have modified 
it, and exempted Satan from final repen- 
tance and salvation, but this defeats the 
end of the theory."- 

Origen was not alone since a number 
of the early Church Fathers, at least in 
measure, held to the universalistic theory. 
For example, Clement of Alexandria (A.D. 
220), considered that God carried on his 
purification of man in eternity. Gregory 
of Nyssa (A.D. 394), believed in the ulti- 
mate annihilation of all evil. Didymus of 
Alexandria (A.D. 395) embraced Origen's 
theory on the conversion of devils.-' 

Universalism found its way into a 
number of countries such as, Germany, 
England, Scotland, and others up into 
the eighteen century. Since this paper is 
not intended to be a historical treatise it 
will dispense with any discussion in these 
areas. However, it might be well to men- 
tion that Universalism found its way into 
America from England under such men 
as James Relly, John Murray, and the 
historian, Richard Eddy.-t Eventually, Uni- 
versalism gained great strides in America 
but not without great opposition. It found 
its greatest expression when it was ab- 

I'ngc Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 

■^i.irhed inln l lu; 1 IiuUhmhti Mov imikmiI \\hiili 
was for a number of years h ihorn in 
America's side. Unitarianism at one point 
liad completely taken over Yale University 
until Timothy Dvvight, grandson of Jona- 
than Edwards, took the presidency and 
brought about a complete reversal to 
evangelical faith by preaching the auth- 
oritative Word of God.' 

Dr. Arthur Climenhaga observes that 
from Origen to the nineteenth century 
the main stream of the Church stood 
firmly against the various expressions of 
Universalism as heretical.^ The modern 
resurgence followed World War II (about 
19491. Some of its representatives are 
Nels F. S. Ferre and D. T. Niles. Niles is 
probablj' more articulate in some ways 
because of his book "Upon the Earth" 
which reflects his views. 

The purpose of this paper is to, for the 
most part, consider the reasons for the 
increasing popularity of this doctrine in 
our time. It will also be its purpose to 
make some observations as to what effect 
it has logically upon some of the major 
areas of Protestant Christianity. 

Factors that Produce Fertile Soil 
for Neo-Universalisin 

There are a number of factors, in the 
writer's opinion, that produce the kind 
of soil in which this heresy of Universal- 
ism can flourish and grow. One cannot 
point to anj' single factor but rather they 
must be considered in their collective 
sense in relation to the doctrine. 
Tolerance of Protestant Christianity 

As we observed earlier. Dr. Climenhaga 
made the observation that the main 
stream of the Church was in opposition 
to this doctrine since it was considered 
heresy. Dr. Climenhaga, upon making this 
statement, added: "However, it should be 
pointed out that the resurgence of Univer- 
salism in our day has found a spirit of 
tolerance by the Church." The Church in 
its quest for flexibility, in order to com- 
municate its message, has forgotten that 
it is to be the custodian of the changeless. 
The Church is going forth as it were 
"walking on eggs" when it should be 
standing firm with the whole armour of 
God unmoveable in its truth. 
Universalisni's Basic Presuppositions 

These presuppositions include two major 
points, namely, (li that the Bible teaches 
universalism and, (2) that God's character 
makes ultimate universal salvation im- 
perative. Universalism serves as an ex- 
ample and warning that presupposition, 
if not carefully determined, can lead one 
ultimately into heresy and disaster. Once 
a presupposition is formed it is impossible 
to deviate from its logical flow without 
reasoning iUogically. E.g., one might pre- 

siippcisc (li all mallcT- is God (2i I am' 
matter i.'-ii therefore. [ must be Godl 
A number of proof-texts are used by 
Universalists which seem to lend support 
to their argument. For example, there is 
the statement of Jesus, "And I, if I be 
lifted up, will draw all men unto me" 
(John 12:32). Paul's statement in I Timo- 
thy 2:4 is also used, "Who will have all 
men to be saved and come to the know- 
ledge of the truth." Then there is Peter's 
statement, "God is not willing that any 
should perish but that all should come 
to repentance" (II Peter 3:9). As one 
examines the immediate context of such 
passages, as well as the total context of 
the Bible, he will discover that they build 
on a foundation of sand. It is strange that 
oven though they use so-called Biblical 
proof for their position, they on the other 
liand hold a very dim view concerning the 
authority of Scripture. Louis King in an 
article written for the Evangelical Mis- 
sons Quarterly magazine states: "Univer- 
salists reject the evangelical positive- 
authoritative view of Scripture on the 
grounds that it is unpalatable to the mod- 
ern scientific mind. . . Universalists tend 
to disregard and show contempt for Scrip- 
ture. They consider reason and their mor- i 
al sense more authoritative than the i 
Bible."8 Harold Lindsell also observes; 
"When one examines the Biblical evidence ■ 
against universalism, he is immediately 
struck by the amount of data against 
universalism when contrasted with few 
references which seem to favor it."' 

The Universalists' view of God is based ( 
upon the concept that He is a God of love. 
They insist that the perfection of divine I 
love precludes everlasting punishment, no j 
matter what the Bible may say. The prob- i 
lem is that God is patterned after the ' 
universalist himself, equating divine with 
human love. He therefore concludes that I 
since ho himself would not confine any 
human to eternal suffering, neither is i 
God capable of such retribution. 

riie Revolution within Society and 

The tone of society today has become : 
fertile soil for Neo-Universalism. The in- 
dividual is urged to "Do his own thing." 
This is only possible as one becomes con- 
vinced that absolutes and historic tabus 
have lost their relevance and meaning. 
Walter Lippman poses a hypothetical 
situation where a man is allowed to do 
what he likes and observes that it is full 
of difficulties: "Huxley was right when 
he said that 'a man's worst difficulties 
begin when he is able to do as he likes.' 
The evidence of these greater difficulties 
lie all about us: in the brave and bril- 
liant atheists who have defied the Meth- 

Page Twenty-three 

oriisl God, and have heixune vtM-y norvous; 
in the women who have emancipated 
themselves from the tyranny of fathers, 
liusbands, and homes, and with the inter- 
mittent but expensive help of a psychoan- 
alyst, are now enduring liberty as interior 
decorators; in the young men and women 
who are world-weary at twenty-two. . . 
These are the prisoners who have been 
released. They ought to be very happy. 
They ought to be serene and composed. 
They are free to make their own lives. 
There are no conventions, no tabus, no 
gods, priests, princes, fathers, or revela- 
tions which they must accept. Yet the 
result is not so good as they thought it 
would be. The prison door is wide open. 
They stagger out into a trackless space 
under a blinding sun. . . They must find 
their own courage for battle and their 
own consolation in defeat. "Where is my 
home?" cried Nietzsche: "For it do I 
ask and seek, and have sought, but have 
not found it. O eternal everywhere, O 
eternal nowhere, O eternal in vain."io 

Neo-Universalism can easily move into 
this situation and give hope even if it is 
false. Contemporary religion snuggles 
down beside humanity, supposedly repre- 
senting the Church, and says, "We'll do 
our thing together!" The emphasis on the 
secularization of the Church has clouded 
the real hope for humanity found in the 
mystical union with God through Jesus 

The Emphasis upon Natitral Religion 
In the Colleges and Universities 

The increasing campus populations are 
being e.xposed to the concept of Natural 
Religion which in turn gives additional 
fertility for Universalism to permiate 
future leaders in societj'. Natural Religion 
works on the premise that everyone is 
created with a divine spark. Therefore, 
every major religion constitutes a partic- 
ular cultural expression of that spark. 
Thus, Christianity is considered as just 
another expression of the original spark 
born in man. Christianity then must rec- 
ognize the grace of God present in every 
religion and thus cannot be judgmental of 
any. The crux of the matter is that Chris- 
tianity is not simply another expression, 
it stands unique in itself. It has a unique 
revelation, with a unique messianic hope, 
with a redemptive message that revolu- 
tionizes and actually changes the heart 
of man. 

The Theologies of Karl Barth, 
Existentialism, and Religionless 

Karl Barth has continually expressed 
his displeasure with those who claim that 
his theology culminates with a univer- 
salistic message. In fact, he resents being 

c'lHssified as ;i Ncmi-oi-i hodux theologian. 
Flip reason the present writer of this 
paper feels that Earth's theology provides 
stimulus to Universalism is: U» His 
theology has been embraced more than 
any other among Protestant Christianity, 
and, (21 Earth's theory of Christ's con- 
quering, what he terms, the chaos. He 
states that life after death is a mystery, 
a chaos. However, it is a threat to man, 
and man with his evil nature leans to- 
ward that so-Ccdled "nothingness." Christ, 
Barth states, in His redemptive power, 
went out into the chaos and conquered 
it. Thus, we must tell man not to fear 
but face eternity with the knowledge that 
Christ has negated its threat. Therefore, 
one must conclude that this leaves a clear 
path for the doctrine of Universalism! 
Existentialism as well as Religionless 
Christianity emphasize a subjective, hu- 
manistic, approach to life with no positive 
hope to man e.xcept to find his existential 
self and face the future with courage. 
What about his fears of soul? Universal- 
ism gives him an alternate answer! 

These factors give us some idea why- 
it is possible for Neo-Universalism to 
flourish in our day. It does not rise up 
with flowing banner bidding for the de- 
votion of men's hearts. It simply plants 
itself into the soil made ready by these 
factors. It is therefore obvious that Neo- 
Universalism entering the major areas 
of Protestant Christianity can sap it of 
its vitality and power. Let us just briefly 
observe what effect is made upon some 
of these areas. 

The Effect Upon the Preaching 
of tlie Gospel 

The Neo-Universalist, with his doctrine 
of eternal destinj' based upon the concept 
that God is a God of love, as well as, his 
emphasis upon Biblical proof-texts as to 
the final restoration of all things, pro- 
vokes the question, "What must we 
preach?" Berkouwer states: ". . . Must we, 
in preaching, inform people of the "logic- 
al" conclusion; is this the preaching of 
the Gospel?. . . We are driven to ask, is 
preaching a factual communique instead 
of an urgent message which places awful 
responsibility on the hearer and calls 
him to a decision?"' i 

Universahsm attempts to show that its 
doctrine also provides a kind of preaching 
that set man before responsibility, but 
it's not clear as to how they can make 
men feel the need for making an import- 
ant decision in view of God's nature lead- 
ing to universal redemption. 

The Effect Upon Evangelism 
and Alissions 

It can only have an adverse effect upon 
the missionary program and its impetus. 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

I'hi.s holds iriie lo evangelism as well 
Louis King gives the following four 

"1. It cannot help but blunt the evangel- 
istic effort and destroy the urgency 
of preaching to the lost. 
"2. The propelling quality of genuine, 
compassionate concern for those who 
never believed or never heard would 
be absent if it were not believed that 
they were in danger. 
"3. Simply to inform all men in all parts 
of the world that they are in fact re- 
deemed provokes little desire to obey 
the Great Commission. 
"4. It cannot help but quench the Holy 
Spirit whose work is to give powerful 
impulses to witness. The Holy Spirit 
came into the world to "Reprove the 
world of sin, and of righteousness, and 
judgment" (John 16:8). i- 
Universalism and the Ecumenical 
The doctrine can blend quite easily into 
the hue and color of the Ecumenical 
Movement. The one world church concept 
in which one can make a distinction be- 
tween the visible church of believers and 
those outside the church, who unknow- 
ingly partake in salvation." The Univer- 
salistic view within the Ecumenical Move- 
ment would mean, (DA woi'ldwide church 
and inclusivist church. (2) It would in- 
clude whatever theology and whatever be- 
liefs there may be. God somehow speaks 
through all of them. (3) A church that 
has no desire to prophesy against unbelief 
or paganism. (4) A church that is in per- 

petuHl dialogLie wilh all the great pagan 
failhs nf the world. 


One could apply the effects of Neo- 
Universalism to other areas of the spec- 
tum of Protestant Christianity and find 
disturbing results in each area. What is 
the answer to this growing problem to- 
day? It would be presumptuous on my 
part to think there is any easy solution. 
However, as this paper is concluded may 
the following areas at least be considered 
as a possible means of combatting this 

First, as to the mission field, the work 
such as is being done by the Church 
Growth Movement seems to offer some 
hopeful action. This group works on the 
principal that the areas showing the 
greatest growth should become the focal 
point for consentrated effort. Thus, 
strengthening a large section to then in 
turn reach out to the lesser areas for 
more effective evangelism. 

Secondly, that united evangelical stim- 
ulation be encouraged. Develop congresses 
on Evangelism such as was held in Ger- 
many in 1966, to discuss possible strategy 
and maintain Biblical authority. 

Thirdly, set in force new methods of 
indoctrination of the young as well as 
the various ages, in the Church program! 

Fourthly, encourage more expository 
preaching in the pulpits with provision 
made for discussion. 

Lastly, a better trained minister with 
not only truth in his possession but also 
the fulness of grace in his soul. 

Rev. Kimber is a student at Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary and this paper was done 
for a class in missions. 


1. James Packer, 'Universalism and Evangelism" One 
Race, One Gospel, One Task. Vol. II. (Minneapolis: 
World Wide Publications, 1967) p. 183. 

2. Philip Schaff, History of the Christian Church (New 
York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1896) II, 611. 

3. James Hastings, "Universalism" Encyclopedia of 
Keligion and Ethics (New York: Charles Scribner's 
Sons, 1922) XII, 530, 531. 

4. Hastings, Ibid., pp. 531, 532. 

5. Ibid. 

6. Arthur Climenhaga, "Mission — and Neo-Universal- 
ism" Study Papers, Congress on Worldwide Missons i 
(Wheaton, Illinois, April 9-16, 1966) P. CL-1. 

7. Climenhaga, Ibid., CL-2. 

8. Louis King, "New Universalism: Its Exponents, , 
Tenets, and Threats to Missions" Evangelical Mis- 
sions Quarterly, Vol. 1, Number 4, 1965, pp. 2-5. 

9. Harold Lindsell, "Universalism Today" Bibliotheca i 
Sacra (Dallas: Dallas Theological Seminary) Vol. 
122, No. 483, 1964, Part II, p. 36. 

10. Walter Lippman, "The Problem of Unbelief" Con- 
temporary KeUgious Thought (New York: Abing- 
don-Cokesbury, 1941) pp. 99, 100. 

11. G. C. Berkouwer, "Universalism" Christainity Today, , 
Vol. I, 1957, pp. 5, 6. 

12. King, Op. Cit., pp. 10, 11. 

13. J. W. Deenik, "Universalism and the Ecumenical 

Movement" Clu-istian Heritage, November, 1965, 
pp. 6-9. 

March 15, 1969 

Page Twenty-five 



SUCCESSFUL! Exciting! Profitable! These 
are some of the comments expressed at the 
ionckision of the 1969 Northern Indiana District 
Leadership Training Scliool. 

Over 150 persons were enrolled in the classes 
A'hich began Januai'v 13 and continued through 
February 24. Of these, 122 persons received "Lead- 
jrship Training Certificates" provided by the 
Board of Christian Education. 

We are continually being challenged by the 
'principalities and powers of this world" as we 
strive to l^e more effective "Ambassadors for 
I!hrist." These Brethren are to be commended for 
;heir efforts to "put on the whole armour of God" 
uid provide a positive, knowledgeable witness for 
Dhrist and the church in their communities. 

If The Brethren Church is to meet the growing 
challenge of this secular age, it must pursue a 
/igorous training program which will equip its 
nembership for mission and ministry in the 
vorld. This means that a "once-over-lightly" ap- 
proach to training must be rejected in favor of a 
;ontinuing well planned, and evenly balanced plan. 

Active, dedicated laymen should be given in- 
;tiiiction in many areas, including: (1) Biblical 
;ontent, (2) Biblical theology, (3) church history, 
(4) Christian ethics, (-5) Church polity and organ- 
zation, and (6) the performance of the basic func- 
;ions of the church (worship, witness, education, 
iiinistry, and fellowship). We can't start our 
:raining programs too soon. We need cajjable lay- 
nen and their leadership now! 

Congratulations to the following persons for 
completing their courses: 
Course: Practice Teaching 

by Mrs. Hubert Miller 
iMarjorie Kringh Wai'saw 

ilrs. Judy Tinkel Warsaw 

Mrs. Hellen Gillis County Line 

Mrs. Naomi Ford County Line 

Gai-y Gill Goshen 

Mrs. Joann Troeger Goshen 

Mrs. John Baer Goshen 

Mrs. Shirley Puro Goshen 

Mrs. Ruth Kerlin Jefferson 

Mrs. Madeline Keim Jefferson 

Course: Brethren Church History 

by Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer 
Gerald Chapala 
Mrs. Phylis Vandermark 
Liz Basham 

Pearl Basham 

Robert Blake 

Mrs. Caryl Wogoman 

Mrs. Mary Smith 

j\Irs. Jim Moore 

Devon Hossler 

Mrs. Ruth Lightfoot 

Orbie Lightfoot 

Iva Lozier 

Course: How To Be A Camp Counselor 

by Rev. Frank Barker 
Kathy Demien Ardmore 

Joyce Cole Ardmore 










Winding Waters 

Winding Waters 


Page Twenty-six 


Brethren Evangelist 

James Vandeniiark 


Albert Curtright 


Carol Boggs 


Inge Mathews 


Kathie Horn 


Mrs. Norma Gayer 


Rick Basham 


Mrs. David Bowers 


Lai'ry Robertson 


Roman Mast 


Becky Bai-ker 

County Line 

ilrs. George Sheets 


Ivlrs. Audrey Barker 

County Line 

Sanford Goodrick 

South Bend 

JoEllen Troeger 


Course: Solving Problems in 


Jan Swartz 

New Paris 

Education by Rev. John T 


Cheryn Kerating 

Winding Waters 

Don Basham 


Teresa Carl 

Winding Waters 

IMelvin Kring 


Dorcas White 

Winding Waters 

Everitt Gillis 

County Line 

Gail Crossman 

Winding Waters 

Lynn Stump 


i\Iarcia Schlarb 

Winding Waters 

Ray Yoder 


Course: Church Renewal 

by Rev. John 

Joe Estep 


Brownsberger and Rev. 

Richard Allison 

Jim Lightfoot 

South Bend 

Mrs. Judith Spratt 


Willodean Bennett 


Mrs. Alary Mang'us 

County Line 

Kenneth Schaaf 


Forrest Kerlin 


Conrad Anderson 


Mrs. Thelma Mellinger 


Course: Daniel The Prophet 

Ike Mellinger 


by Rev. William Anderson 

Mrs. Hellen Bowman 


Fred Hord, Sr. 


George Kerlin 


Jay Blake 


Mrs. Larry Gill 


Bertha Wyatt 


Larry Gill 


C. William Cole 


Mrs. Robert Strang 


Mrs. Karen Weidenhamer 


Mrs. Fran Wegmiller 


Anna Estep 


Mrs. Aletta Schneider 


Mrs. Viola Curtright 


Dr. Dan Schneider 


Thedia Rhodes 


Mrs. Mary Sechrist 


Mi-s. Virginia Hossler 


Jim Moore 


Mrs. Harry Smith 

New Pai-is 

Ardyce Trygg 

North Liberty 

Mrs. Max Smoker 

New Paris 

Mrs. Donna Bennett 

North Liberty 

Mrs. William Faii-weather 

New Paris 

Lois Scott 


Course: How To Study The 


Course: Mission Of The 


by Rev. Charles Lowmaster 

by Rev. Waldo Gaby 

Marie Fletcher 


Thomas Beaver 


Harold Whybrew 


Mrs. Mary Kerlin 


Debbie Pem-od 

County Line 

Mrs. Emily Allison 


Jean Donahue 

County Line 

j\lrs. Florence Johnston 


Mrs. LaVonne Berchiatti 


Mrs. Dorothy Kropf 


Mrs. Kenneth Dunlap 


Mrs. Laurie Slabaugh 


Mrs. Elouise Higgins 


Mrs. ]\'Iyron Culp 


Mrs. Helen Struble 


Gloria Stump 


Sandy K. Gill 


0. 0. Sechrist 


Mrs. Lucille Overholt 


Jack Tobias 


Mrs. Kenneth Schmucker 


Mrs. Richard Best 


Sandra Sharp 


Sally Stump 


Mrs. Lee Doering 


Mrs. Arlene Oberly 

North Liberty 

Mrs. Milo Mellinger 


John Oberly 

North Liberty 

Mrs. Calvin Lehman 


Mrs. Kenneth Schaaf 


H. H. Firestone 

South Ben( 

Mrs. Harriet Taylor 


Alice Schooley 


Course: Group Leadership 

Doyle Webb 


by Rev. Kent Bennett 

Kathy Webb 


Mrs. Joann Huljei- 


Carol Baugher 


■March 15, 1969 

Page Twenty-seven 


WE HAVE added five new members so far 
this yeai' which makes 11 Juniors and 20 
Jr. High and Sr. High's. Our Sunday evening at- 
tendance averages from 25 to 30 each week. 

The following officers were installed by oui- 
pastor during a Sunday morning church service: 

President Denny Yoder 

V. President Greg Hooley 

Secretary Jan Swartz 

Treasurer Randy Yoder 

Pianist Jeannine McGowan 

Song Leader Nancy Smoker 

In September we had a picnic and swimming 
and boating party at the home of Mr. and Jlrs. 
W. H. Swai-tz, advisors of the Jr. and Sr. High 
group. Nappanee, Milford and Goshen and their 
advisors were guests; we never did get an exact 
count, but there were somewhere around 70 

In October the Juniors with Mr. and Mrs. Robert 
Geiger, advisors, had a day-time outing and the 
Seniors had a hayride ending up at Dale and Dana 
Sommer's woods for refreshments. 

This year we held our second annual Youth 
Banquet on Saturday, November 2, 1968, with 

Rev. Don Rinehai-t, who was holding special ser- 
vices in our church, as guest speaker. He also 
entertained the group with folk singing. Another 
special guest was Dr. Shultz who always adds 
extra life to any party. Our attendance was good 
- 47 - and everyone had a good time. 

A new experience for New Paris this year was 
to host the Jr. High and Sr. High District Youth 
Rally. There were around 200 in attendance, which 
really had the walls of our church bulging. The 
film "Fast Way to Nowhere" was shown during 
the evening. 

We had two skating parties with Milford and 
Nappanee with two more coming up again this 
year. We attended a hockey game at Ft. Wayne 
in November and are planning to go again in 

The Youth have planned the programs this 
year which have included skits, films, filmstrips 
and question and answer discussion periods with 
the parents also participating. 

We collected gifts for Mental Health and went 
carolling at Christmas time and ended the year 
of 1C68 with the Youth in charge of games at the 
church's Watch Night service. 

Jan Swartz, Secretary 

World Religious News 

in Review 

IN 1999: ONE-THffiD OF 

Indianapolis (EP) — One-third of 
American Protestants will be united 
before 1999 and tiie churcli of tiiat 
20-year-period will undergo "suffer- 
ing and tribulation," Dr. Harold E. 
Fey predicted here. 

Dr. Fey, professor-emeritus at 
Christian Theological Seminary, is 
the former editor of Christian Cen- 
tury, ecumenical weekly. He wrote on 
"The Church m 1999" for the 50th 
anniversary issue of World Call, a 
magazine of the Christian Church 
(Disciples of Christ). 

World Call will celebrate its an- 
niversary in January. Dr. Fey was 
its editor from 1932-1935. 

He said he thankfully anticipates 
the union of one-third of the U.S. 
Protestants within the ne.xt decade. 
Tlie way to unity, he added, is being 
shown by the Consultation on Church 
Union (COCU), representing nine 
Pro'testant denominations. 


IManaus, Brazil (EP)— The last 
corpse of the nine man expedition to 
the wUd Ati\>aris Indians in North 
Brazil was recovered on December 
2nd by memliers of the Brazilian Air 
Force, according to missionary journ- 
alist Peter Cunliffe in Sao Paulo. 

The corpse was foiuid near the 
area where the remains of eight other 

bodies were found previously. Ne.xt 
to the corpse were found a foot of 
another person and a hand which had 
been bound with jungle vine. There 
were evidences that the Atroaris In- 
dians attacked the group cruelly, 
using for the massacre machetes and 
large wooden clubs. 

The team of nine peraons, headed 
by Pr. Joao CaUeri, an Italian priest, 
was sent l>y the Brazilian government 
to pacify the uncivilized Indians so 
tliat a new liigliway could be com- 
pleted between the cities of Manaus 
and Boa Vista. The Atroaris live in 
a remote jungle some 300 miles 
north of the Amazon River iji North 
Brazil between tlie cities of IVIanaus 
and Boa Vista. 

The Unevangelized Fields Mission, 
Wycliffe Bible Translators and other 
ev'angelicaJ groups are trying to 
reach Indian groups like the Atroaris 
with the Gospel before the Indians 
are killed off by Brazilian construc- 
tion workers I)uilding new highways 
through remote areas of Brazil. UFM 
has been worlving for some time in 
the territoi-y of Roraima wliere the 
Atroaris are also located. 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Washington, D.C. (EP) — The 
37th President of the United States 
told 2,000 persons here that he is 
confident his administration can 
meet tlie challenges it faces "because 
we are sustained and inspired by 
the prayers of millions of people." 

President Richard M. Nixon ad- 
dressed the 2,000 people at the 17th 
annual president prayer breakfast, 
speaking for about five minutes. 

He has made it a practice since 
entering the White House, Mr. Nixon 
said, to spend a little time each 
night reading a sample of the 
thousands of letters Americans have 
sent him. 

"Even in this period when religion 
is not to be fashionable," he declar- 
ed, "more than half of the letters 
stated in effect, 'We're praying for 
you, Mr. President.' " 

With Mr. Nixon in the Sheraton 
Park Hotel were all 12 members of 
his Cabinet and their wives, Mr. 
and Mrs. Spiro Agnew and leaders 
of the House and Senate. 

Vice President Agnew read the 
Scripture passage, a portion of the 
beatitudes from Jesus' Sermon on 
the Mount. 

Evangelist BiUy Graham delivered 
the main address but cut short his 
remarks because so much time was 
consumed in the preliminaries. 

He said America can solve its 
problems of war, racial conflict and 
poverty only if it first resolves its 
"crisis of the spirit." 

The breakfast, as usual, was 
staged by International Christian 
Leadership of this city. ICL's Exec- 
utive Secretary Dr. Richard C. Hal- 
verson was invited by President 
Nixon to speak at the February 2 
worship service at the White House. 


Chicago (EP) — Many student 
protesters today have a legitimate 
gripe against American education, 
Evangelist Billy Graham admitted 
at Youth for Christ International's 
25th anniversary banquet here. 

Addressing some 2,000 people at 
the Conrad Hilton Hotel, YFC's first 
full-time evangelist charged that 
"education has failed to answer the 
students' basic question: 'What is 

the purpose of my individual ex- 
istence?' " 

"I know rabblerousers and anar- 
chists have stirred up some of the 
trouble," the 50-year-old evangelist 
said, "but much of what the stu- 
dents say appeals to me. . . They 
are asking basically theological 
questions. . . Students are saying, 
sometimes unconsciously, 'we want 
more than to learn how to make a 
living, how to solve a mathematical 
problem.' " 

Graham noted that evangelists 
founded many of America's first 
and finest educational institutions, 
such as Harvard and Yale. But 
there is a "void in American edu- 
cation" today, he said, because 
schools are "educating the mind and 
forgetting the spirit." 

Graham quoted Theodore Roose- 
velt as saying, "You are educating a 
savage," and T. S. Eliott who asked, 
"Where is the wisdom we've lost in 
knowledge?" He said along with 
Nietsche that if a man has a "Why" 
for his life, "he can bear almost 
any "How." 

The spiritual search of America's 
young people makes them "more 
receptive than ever to evangelism," 
he said, adding that he hopes to do 
more evangelistic work on the 

Hippies reflect a "deep spiritual 
concern," he said. "Thej' are asking 
the right questions to life." Their 
long hair, religious medallions, san- 
dals nicknamed "Jesus boots" and 
other mannerisms reflect "a subcon- 
scious longing for Jesus. And they 
frequently come to our meetings," 
he said. 

Graham praised Youth for Christ 
International for contributing much 
to the start of his own career and 
for its innovative methods of reach- 
ing young people outside the church. 


Washington, D.C. (EP) The 

Supreme Court has ruled that judges 
and juries must stay out of ques- 
tions of religious doctrine and faith 
when settling disputes over prop- 
erty within a church. 

State and federal judiciaries may 
liandle some legal fights between 
church factions, the court ruled, or 
between a branch and a mother 
church, but without getting involved 
in which group is more closely keep- 
ing the faith. 

Any other ruling, the court said, 
would involve government in "mat- 
ters at the very core of a religion," 
in violation of the First Amend- 
ment's guarantee of free religious 


Amerlcus, Ga. (EP) — The Sum- 
ter County Ku Klux Klan in 1942 
warned Dr. Clarence Jordan that 
"We don't let the sun set on you 
people who eat with niggers." 

The sneer came one month after 
Dr. Jordan founded the experimen- 
tal Koinonia Farm where half a 
dozen families began living together 
on 1,400 acres. They shared their 
wealth and labors and made it their 
policy to "do business with God." 

Koinonia, Greek for "together- 
ness," has survived shootings, fire 
bombings and cross-burnings. One 
of the worse Klan attacks came in 
1957 when 93 carloads of hooded 
Sumter County residents allegedly 
poured into the community grounds 
in a show of strength. Jordan still 
refused to sell out and the terror 
went on. 

Just recently Koinonia got its 
first shipment of eggs from local 
producers in 12 years and a Sumter 
County service station sold them 
gasoline for the first time since 1956. 

The boycott is beginning to thaw, 
Jordan says. Koinonia specializes in 
the growing of pecans and has 13,000 1 
customers around the world, but not: 
one in America. 

The yellowed sign that once sig-i 
nailed "Koinonia Farm" has been? 
replaced with a new one that is 
not riddled with bullets. 


One of the foremost obligations: 
of any government agency is to 
protect individuals from a known 

Since cigarette smoking, fromi 
every point of view, does constitute 
a danger to health, the Federal 
Communications Commission's move 
toward banning cigarette advertis-j 
ing on TV and radio should be 

We urge Congress to sense its 
responsibilities towards the Ameri-" 
can people and back the FCC in this 
decision. And we hope the public 
effort will mobilize behind the com 
mission's decision. i 

Marcli 15, 1969 

Page Twenty-nine 


uary 8, for Tempe, from whence he and Rev. 
Dickson went to California Brethren Conference at 
Stockton. Rev. Smith F. Rose, Executive Secretary of 
the Brethren General Conference, returned with our 
pastor for a short visit in Tucson. 

Rev. Rose brought greetings to tlie Annual Congre- 
gational Meeting and delivered an inspirational message 
;o our prayer group, his theme "God Uses Imperfect 

We are proud to have our own Tom Grisso, wlio re- 
ceived his Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Clinical Psy- 
chology, on the Ashland College faculty. Donna, his 
A'ife, and Tom reside after March 1 at 313 C Hillcrest 
Street, Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

"Outreach" is the theme chosen by our pastor for 
L969. To carry out this theme, under the direction of 
3huck Silver, four groups were formed and new charts 
vere made of various categories to cover visitation, 
rlesults are to be recorded on the charts, which will be 
iept at the church for reference by the pastor and 

Judy Dreyer is collecting favorite recipes from the 
A'omen of the church to make W.M.S. cook books. 

We are thankful for our winter visitors, who worship 
vith us while enjoying our sunshine. One individual, 
vho was our guest, set a record on visitation in his 
church by making over 500 calls on members, shut-ins 
md etc. 

We are looking forward to tlie Soutliwest District 
Brethren Conference in Casa Grande. 

— Florence M. Harvey 


A Tri-Community Crusade will be held on April 1, 2 
and 3 at Laville Jr. and Sr. High School Cafetorium 
it 8 p.m. E.S.T. 

Football Coach Bob Davenport from Taylor University 
tvill be returning to this area to speak each evening. 
He is an outstanding athlete, having been a two-time 
All American and at present sponsors "Wandering 
Wheels," a bicycling group of athletes who ride each 
summer from coast to coast. 

Rev. Larry Whiteford will be song leader. He is a 
distinguished young musical leader in Northern Indiana 
and Southern Michigan. He is a TV personality and 
has fine records to his credit. 

There will be two fifteen-minute concerts each night 
by vocal and instrumental groups as follows: 

April 1 — Penn Kingsmen and Community Baptist 

Church Quartet. 
April 2 — Workman Sisters and Singing Grace Family. 
April 3 — Travelaires and Chain-O-Lakes Baptist 
Church Choir. 
This Crusade is sponsored by North Liberty, Tee- 
garden and County Line Brethren Churches. 

Please reserve these evenings, come early and enjoy 
organ prelude. You'll be glad you came. 




Ashland Theological Seminary 
Ashland, Ohio 

APRIL 22 - 24, 1969 



Dr. J. C. Wenger 

Dr. Raymond Swar+zback 

Prof. J. Ray Klingensmith 

"Talk-Jt-Over-Group" to enrich our dia- 
logue and fellowship. Check the March 
1 , 1 969, issue of The Brethren Evangel- 
ist for program and more information. 


Reservations for the Tuesday evening 
dinner and for the Wednesday evening 
dinner must be in soon! 

Tuesday evening meal - $2.00 
Wednesday evening meal - $1.00 



Ephesians 3:18 

Page Thirty 

The Brethren Evangelist 




by someone in the church, "Why 
do ministers move so often?" I would 
like to try to answer that question. 

Several weeks ago, while talking with 
a minister of another denomination, he 
asked me how long I had been in my 
present pastorate, and I told him. Then 
he asked what the average length of 
pastorates is in the Brethren Church, and 
I told him. Then he asked how I account- 
ed for this low average, and I tried to 
tell him as best I could. 

Several years ago the ministerium of 
the Brethi-en Church undertook a survey 
to determine the average pastoral tenure, 
and it discovered an alarming number of 
pastors who moved in less than three 
years; some, even in less than two years. 
Many of our churches, in looking over 
their history, wiU discover that they liave 
quite a long hst of pastoi's over the years, 
many of which served two or three years, 
or less. This is certainly a concern of 
many people, and I would like to address 
myself to this subject. 

I had a professor wlio used to say a 
pastor should not stay in one church 
longer than three or four years. This 
man, today, has been serving the same 
institution for more than ten years. 

I have a firm conviction that a pastor 
must be in a church at least two years 
before he really comes to know the people 
and their needs. It is only after he is 
acquainted with them that he can effect- 
ively work with them. 

Wiser and more experienced men than 
I have said, "Until you have pastored a 
church for five years, you should ask the 
Lord, 'Why should I move?' When you 
have been at a church for from five to 
ten years, you should carefully pray, 
'What should I do?" After ten years in 
one church, you should ask God, 'Why 
should I stay?'" 

The National Brethren Ministerial As- 
sociation adopted a recommendation from 
the Long-term Pastorate Study Committee 
which states, "We recommend that a 
three-year agreement as a minimun work- 
ing relationship between local congre- 
gations and pastors, with provision for 
an annual review, become the standard 
practice in our churches." 

To be very practical, let me cite the 
problem as it affects the ministers of the 
Brethren Church. 

Most of us from time to time receive 
letters from secretaries of churches, tell- 
ing of their need for a pastor, and that 
they have been led of God to ask, "Are 

you interested?" 

At such a time, the pastor is faced with 
a very important decision — one that af- 
fects not only his own life, but the church 
he is presently serving, and his family. 

Allow me first, to consider wliy pastors 
do not move! 

Most of our pastors could get a 50 per 
cent higher salary in other denominations. 
They could get 50 per cent more, or 
double, or triple salary in some form of 
secular work! Many are offered higher 
salaries in other Brethren Churches. How- 
ever, I know of very few, if any, Brethren 
ministers who have left their pastorates 
for higher paying positions. Brethren 
pastors are not after "filthy lucre." 
Money is not the reason why our pastors 
move so often. 

Let me caution, however, that this does 
not mean that money isn't important. It is 
just as necessary in the pastor's life and 
family, as it is to the other members of the 
church. A church ought not to expect a 
minister to come as pastor and not receive 
enough salary to live on! 

Nor do Brethren pastors move in order 
to gain a "higher position." They are not 
motivated to move to larger churches, or 
prestige churches, or "plums." Brethren 
pastors are not really climbing a ladder of 
success, where they must always be go- 
ing to a "better" church. 

When I had determined that I would 
accept the call to the church I presently 
serve, I had a pastor-friend of another 
denomination talk to me like a "Dutch- 
uncle." He asked, "Are you sure this is 
what you should do? You're capable ol 
moving to a larger church! Don't you 
want to climb up the ladder? Are they, 
going to pay you enough? Don't act toe 
quickly! You owe it to yourself and youi 
family!" I don't really think I convincec 
him when I explained, "Brethren pastort 
are not climbing a ladder to the top of the 
Brethren Church! We simply want to dc 
what God wants us to do, and go when 
God wants us to go!" ■ 

Why then, do pastors move? | 

Pastors are motivated by need, just a; I 
Paul was led into Macedonia in Acts 16 
9, 10. A church needs a pastor, and con 
tacts a man, who in turn sees the neet 
personally. He sees a challenge, an oppor 
tunity for service, that he can be used o 
the Lord to help that church in its need. 

Pastors are motivated by a closed door 
just as Paul was "forbidden of the Hol:| 
Ghost to preach the word in Asia" (Act, 
16:6, 7). God, in one way or another, close, 
the door for a pastor to prevent him fron 
preaching the Word in a particular loca 


March 15, 1969 

Page Thirty-one 

tion. Sometimes this closed door is made 
manifest through opposition to the pastor, 
and God literally uses those opposed to 
pick us up and throw us out of the city; 
even as Paul was stoned and taken out of 
the city as being dead. Thus, a church to- 
day, will, through the appropriate steps of 
procedure, vote to terminate tlie postor's 
service with them. 

Sometimes the closed door is manifested 
to a pastor in the lack of cooperation he 
is receiving from tlie people he is serving. 
They do not support their pastor. There 
seems to be no progress in the program. 
The people are not loyal to the church, 
the attendance is down, and the people 
are complacent. Communications between 
the congregation and the pastor have de- 
teriorated. Giving is down, showing poor 
stewardship, and the finances of the 
churcli are in a serious condition. The 
auxiliaries and boards and committees of 
the church are not functioning. 

One of our Brethren pastors in his 
church newsletter was writing concerning 
the coming business meeting wliere the 
congregation would vote on whether or 
not to call their pastor for another term of 
service. He writes, "Let it be understood 
that during the voting for the pastor, a 
"yes" vote will not mean a vote for a 
pulpit supply, but it will mean a vote 
for a leader and a vote for a program. 
A yes vote will also mean a dedicated 
determination to see it through to the 

If the pastor does not find that kind 
of dedicated determination, it is a closed 
door to his continuing as minister of that 

Sometimes the closed door is placed be- 
fore him in the lack of spiritual fruit. 
Souls are not being saved; people are not 
growing in the faith; people are not reach- 
ing out in evangelism to the community. 

These are three closed doors, and when 
they come before the pastor, they tell him 
it may be time to move. 

There is a third motivation whicli we 
might call the open door, just as Paul 
saw a vision of a man of Macedonia pray- 
ing him to come over and help them. It 
is interesting to note that in Acts 16:10, 
the record declares that Paul and his party 
were assured that God had thus called 
them to preach the gospel to the Mace- 
donians. The open door is then manifest 
to a pastor through the call of God. This 
does not always mean a move, for as sure 
as God calls pastors to move He also calls 
them to stay. God leads and God keeps! 

The open door is manifested in quite 
the opposite way as the closed door. In 
the event of an open door, there is coop- 
eration by the people of the congregation. 

They are supporting tlie pastor. The pro- 
gram is progressing. Loyalty is shown in 
good attendance and enthusiasm. Com- 
munications are open between pastor and 
congregation. Stewardship is on a good 
level. Auxiliaries, boards, and committees 
are active and efficient. 

The open door is also clearly shown to 
the pastor when spiritual fruit is being 
liarvcsted. Souls are turning to the Lord 
for salvation; people are growing in faith; 
and reacliing out into the community in 

These are open doors for pastors, and 
they tell him to stay where he is! 

Perhaps you ask, "So what? Wliat does 
all this mean to me?" 
God calls and God leads! 
God reveals needs to His people! 
God reveals needs of churches to 

Sometimes God reveals through his 
stiU small voice! 

Sometimes God reveals through His 

Sometimes God reveals and leads by 
opening and closing doors before His 

Are you a closed door? 
Are you an open door? 
Sometime ago our own Kansas Senator 
Frank Carlson delivered a message enti- 
tled, "Wanted—A Man Who Will Stand." 
In this stirring and challenging exhorta- 
tion lie says, "God is looking for men. He 
wants those who can unite together 
around a common faith — who can join 
liands in a common task — and who have 
come to tlie kingdom for such a time as 
this. God give us men!" 

"Are you ready to join tlie 'Loyalty 

Or do things of much less importance, 
things of a temporal nature, 
keep you from becoming a part of 
our Loyalty Band? 
There are no membership cards, 
no buttons to wear on your lapel, 
no personal solicitation for your 
You join tlie Loyalty Band, and 
let otliers see that you are a 

member of the Band, 
just by being loyal — 
to Christ, 
to the Church, 
to the Bible, 
to your family, 

to the Great Commission 
to go out and witness. 
* 'Do you care enough to give the 
very best?' " 
* from "Vinco News and Views," 
November 1968. 

Page Thirty-two The Brethren Evangelist 

Daily Vacation Bible School 


Our bookstore will have in stock a complete 
supply of materials for your Daily 
Vacation Bible School for 1969. 

V/e carry materials from - 

Please order the bulk of your material 
from your own bookstore! We will 
give you 10% on your orders and will 
send to you prepaid. The usual items 
are returnable. 

Order from: 


524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 


''God so loved . . . 

that He gave!'' 

World Missions Issue 

Vol. XCI 

March 29. 1969 

No. 7 

AN-GJBjr-. I S T 

Tie. "E>H>cttA£4<^ 



Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionai-y Society 

Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization 

Mr. Floyd Benshoff 

Missionai-y Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Miss Kathy Miller 

Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Miss Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 

534 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscriptio-n: 
$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Reniittiinces: Send aU money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Committee ; 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Pooa-baugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Guest Editorial: "Easter and Missions" 

by Rev. M. 'Virgil Ingraham 3 

Ordination of Mr. John Long 4 

The Board of Christian Education 5 

A Brief History of the Linvvood, Maryland, 
Brethren Church 8 

"A Sketch of the History of Brethren 
Missions" by Rev. Jerry Grieve 9 

World Missions Promotional Materials 13 

"Divine Object Lessons for the Church" 

by Rev. Robert L. Hoffman 2-1 

The Sisterhood 26 

"So Your Church Is Seeking a Pastor?" 
by Rev. Smith F. Rose 27 

Boys' Brotherhood Program for April 28 

"Jefferson Brethren" 

by Rev. Richard E. Allison 29 

Southwestern Brethren Conference 31 




OUR DENOMINATION is undergoing a time 
of pastoral changes. Many pastor are feel- 
ing the necessity of moving to brighter fields 
either in the field of education or other pastorates. 
There are etliics involved both on the part of the 
congregation and the pastor. Rev. Smith F. Rose, 
E.xecutive Secretary of Central Council, is pre- 
paring a series of articles on this problem. 

The first of such articles appears on page 27 of 
this issue of The Brethren Evangelist which is 
entitled: "So Your Church is Seeking a Pastor?" 
Be sure to read all of the articles in this series, it 
will help both the pastor and the congregation 
when facing change. 


CONGRATULATIONS are in order for Rev. 
and Mrs. Bradley Weldenhamer upon thei 
acquiring of a new son on March 11, 1969. Thei 
baby was born on February 12, 1969. He has been 
named Eric Scott. 

Rev. Weidenhamer is the pastor of the First 
Brethren Church of Goshen, Indiana. Mrs. 'Weid-! 
enhamer is the former Karen McPherson from 
the Gretna, Ohio, Church. 


Cumberland, Maryland 
FIrs-l- Brethren Church 

Saturday, April 26, 1969 

Business Session: 4:30 p.m. 
Fellowship Meal: 5:45 p.m. 
Evening Devotions: 7 to 8 p.m. 

March 29, 1969 

Page Three 




Caster and Wlissions 


EASTER AXD MISSIONS are inseparably linked 
together. Christ's victory over sin at the 
cross, and His triumph over death at the empty 
tomb, are the hig-hlights of the Gospel which the 
Lord commissions us to preach in all the world to 
every creature. If we find delight in the message 
of Easter, then we ought to delight in giving that 
message to those undeiiDrivileged people around 
the world who have never ever heard it. 

The Christian life was never meant to be hoard- 
ed or kept on safe deposit. Our Lord never intend- 
ed for us to keep the Good News to ourselves. 
Inherent in the Gospel itself is the compulsion to 
give it away, to share it with others. What has 
happened to us? Why are we so reluctant to share 
Christ? Why do we not feel the compelling urge 
to make Christ known far and near? 

Can it be possible that oui's might be a proljlem 
of love? During this Easter season we have been 
reminded anew that "God so loved the world, that 
He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever 
believeth in Him might not perish, but have ever- 
lasting life" (John 3:16). Love for mankind was 
God's motive for giving His Son. The great thrust 
of this Golden Text is that God SO loved; giving 
emphasis to the superlative quality of His gift. 
When we love enough we will give all we have. 
God loved enough to give His Son, the only be- 
gotten. Perhaps our love needs to go deeper, and 
reach higher! 

The American Bible Society some time ago re- 
leased some information which is staggering. On 
discussing the population explosion about which 
we have heard so much, it was pointed out that 
the world's population will be doubled by the year 
2000, and quadrupled by the year 20-50, if present 
trends continue. Stated another way, in eighty 

years there will be four persons for every one 
alive today. This prediction, of course, does not 
take into account any natural or man-made catas- 
trophe such as worldwide famine or atomic mass 

Lhifortunately, the Christian Church is not 
growing in this same proportion. Even using the 
name "Christian" in its most liberal sense, there 
are only twenty million members added to the 
Church annually, as contrasted with the total 
world population increase of seventy million people. 
Christians presently represent slightly more than 
thirty percent of the world's population. In eighty 
years, if present trends continue, our numbers will 
have been proportionately cut in half! 

The implication of this information is that if 
we carry on with our task of worldwide evangel- 
ization on our present level of involvement, we 
can expect our "growth" to be halved, by our fail- 
ure to even keep up with the population increases. 
Our complacency in so many churches for "main- 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

taining the status quo" isn't good enough, either 
in numbers or in any other comparison we might, 
by rationalization, choose to mal^e. The truth is, 
however, that we aren't maintaining the status 

In the area of missions giving in the Brethren 
Church, some churches are giving on or very near 
the level which was theii's five or more years ago. 
Others, for one reason or another, have decreased 
their missions giving, thus offsetting any gains 
some missions-minded congregations have made 
during the same period. 

Some church leaders have indicated that local 
building programs prevent their continued level of 
missions giving. This may be valid but one won- 
ders whether God wants one done at the expense 
of the other. Is it not possible for a local program 
to be carried on and at the same time maintain 
and increase missions giving? When giving is 
proportionate, ought not our love for the lost move 
us to keep missions in the local church's ministry 
as an extension bevond the church's four walls? 

It has often been said, and not without foundation, 
that a strong, missions giving church is a healthy, 
thriving church. The churches headed by Dr. Os- 
wald J. Smith and Dr. Harold Ockenga are but 
two which might be cited. 

Another area of great need in our missions is 
personnel. More workers are required for Nigeria 
and Argentina, not to mention new fields. Here, 
too, we have failed to maintain the status quo. 

Perhaps we need to care more, if we are to be- 
come more involved. Once more, we come back to 
the problem of love. God so loved lost humanity 
that He emptied heaven of the presence of His 
dear Son, in order that people eveiywhere might 
through faith have victory over sin and death, 
and life everlasting in Him. 

If God cai'ed that much about the souls of all 
people everywhere, how much ought we to care 
about the lost? He loved the world SO much . . . 
that He gave . . . Are we not constrained by His 
love ... to love more ... to give more ... to do 
more ? 

Ordination of 

ON SUNDAY, March 9, 1969, Mr. John Long was 
ordanied to the Christian ministry in the Brigh- 
ton Chapel, Brighton, Indiana. The program for this 
most important event was as follows: 

Organ Prelude Kay Stukey 

Invocation Elder Albert Curtright 

Hymn "Blessed Assurance" 

Action of Church Calling for Ordination 

Delmar Grove, Moderator 
Action of the District Mini-sterial Examining Board 

Elder Waldo Gaby 
Anthem by the Choir . "Breathe on Me, Breath of God" 

Scripture Reading Elder Curtright 

Ordination Sermon Elder Smith Rose 

Vocal Duet "Each Step I Take" 

Mr. and Mrs. Gary Whitcomb 

Scriptural Charge Elder Curtright 

Quostioni to the Candidate Elder Gab>- 

Charge to the Candidate Elder Rose 

Ordination Prayer with Laying on of Hands 

Elder Rose 
Elder Curtright 

Setting Apart as an Elder Elder Curtright 

Declaration of Authority as an Elder .... Elder Gaby 

Consecration of Leona Long 

As Wife of an Elder 

Charge to Serve as the Wife of an Elder . . Elder Rose 

Prayer with Laying on of Hands .... Elder Curtright 

Elder Gaby 

Hymn "A Charge to Keep I Have" 


Benediction Elder John Long 

Postlude Kay Stukey 

John Long was born April 26, 1926, in Sturgis, Michi- 
gan. His home was Brighton, Indiana, where he went to 
grade school and graduated from Brighton High School 
in 19-44. He has spent his entire life in the Brighton 
area e.xcept for two years spent in the Army. 

October 27, 1946 was the day John and Leona (Lari- 
mer i of Greenfield Mills were married. They have two 
children: Bruce, a sophomore at Tri-State College at 
Angola, and Barbara, a sophomore at Lakeland High 

Rev. Walter Gibson baptized John on June 6, 1937, 
and he was received into the membership of Brighton 
Chapel. He served the church as both a Sunday School 
teacher and as superintendent and held the office of 
cliurch moderator. Mr. and Mrs. Long were ordained as 
deacon and deaconess February 18, 1960, by the Rev. 
John Mills. 

The Lake Gage Congregational Church called John 
to serve as a supply speaker February 6, 1966, and later 
that year called him as their pastor. The Indiana Dis- 
trict Conference certified John as Lay Evangelist June 
10, 1966, and he was licensed August 17 of the same 

John was called to the ministry by the Brightoni 
Brethren Church at a special meeting held July 17, 1966. 
Long accepted the call to serve this church as their; 
pastor March 1, 1967. 

Presently, John is enrolled in the Indiana Districts 
Bible Study Course. 

March 29, 1969 

Page Five 


New Position Created 

THE Boai'd of Chi'istian Education announces 
the hiring- of Mr. Fred Finks as the Assistant 
to the Director of Christian Education. Mr Finks 
is a native of Maurertown, Virginia, and a member 
of the Maurertown Brethren Cluirch. He is cur- 
rently a senior pre-seminary student at Ashland 
College and will graduate in June 1969. 

Since he will be entering Ashland Theological 
Seminary in the fall, Mr. Finks will serve the 
Board in a part-time cajjacity, beginning .4pril 1. 
His duties will be centered on the development of 
a more effective denominational youth ministry 
than we presently have. Thus, he will be working 
closely with the director and the Youth Commis- 
sion. He will be available for field work in local 
churches, district youth rallies, camps, retreats, 
and other areas of work relating- to the youth 

We think Fred is admirably suited to serve The 
Brethren Church in this capacity. He has served 
as BYC president at Maurertown; President of 
the Southeastern district BYC; and now is Vice- 
President of the Ashland College student body. 

In June, Fred will become a married man. His 
fiancee is Miss Holly Moore, of Wellington, Ohio. 
Miss Moore will graduate from the Samaritan 
School of Nursing in June. 

We welcome Fred to our office staff and know 
that you will welcome his miiiistrv in vouth work. 

Ml-. Fred Finks 

P:ige Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Board Meeting Notes 

Rev. Kichaid Kuns, Assistant Secretary, 
served industriously as scribe. 

President Barber opened the business session of the 
Board of Christian Education meeting nith nineteen mem- 
bers and one guest present. 

Board members: (L-R) Barnhart, Howard, Best, Finks, 
Kimmel, Shultz and Grumbling ponder the treasurer's 

During its February 25 and 26 meeting, the 
Board of Christian Education conducted a large 
amount of business. The following are some of the 

— Voted to create a new staff position — As- 
sistant to the Director of Christian Educa- 
sion — to promote and develop the denomina- 
tional youth ministry. 

— Hired Mr. Fred Finks as Assistant to the 

— Discontinued the Camp Subsidy progj'am 

after the 1969 camping season be- 
cause of other pressing budgetary, 

Planned for a series of Christianj 
Education workshops on a wide' 
range of topics to be presented at 
General Conference in August of 

Set the 1969-70 Budget at $28,321.48.1 

Discussed the need to infoiTn indi- 
viduals and churches concemingi 
their fair share in supporting the^ 
Christian Education ministry. Giv- 
ing has 'been inadequate. 

Announced a Family Life Emphasis 
for General Conference 1970. 

Recommended membership in Chris- 
tian Camping International for all 

district camp commissions. 

Made plans to show "Operation In-i 
formation," a color filmstrip show- 
ing the work of our Board, in many 
local churches during the month of 

Planned for three supplements to tht' 
Christian Education Manual to b( 
distributed this vear. 

March 29, 1969 

Page Seven 


Workers from Matiiertown and St. Luke are taking a test to see 
what thev have learned in church school. 

Rev. "Doc" Shank is a busy man. He is pastor of the 
Maurertown, St. Luke and Liberty Brethren churches 
in Virginia. It must be that he's doing an outstanding 
job because his people are not only on time- -they come 

We were pleased to see the work that is being done in 
Christian education in the Maurertown Church. With 
the great interest in the church school, youth work, and 
camping which the people expressed, we can expect 
great things from the Valley. 


Youth Board treasure)', Sandy Yarian, tells 
the group presidents (I. to r.) .Jill Carson. 
Roger Stogsdill, and Diane Sullivan just how 
far to fill in the goal therniometei'. 

THE TUCSON youth groups have set a pace-setting 
example for all BYC groups for our National 
Youth Project. "Cash for Camp" has become a real 
challenge for them since the project was selected in 
August, 1968. The newest district in The Brethren 
Church - Southwest District ■ has stepped out on faith 
to purchase and equip their own camp. The 1968 Youth 
Conference saw the importance of this camp located in 
an area of great population growth and decided to help 
the district by designating the 1968-69 Youth Project 
for the ABC camp with a goal of $14,000. 

This is a most unusual project for two reasons: (1) 
Brethren Youth has never worked on this type of pro- 
ject - all others have been for world missions, non-fin- 
ancial or home missions, and (2 1 Brethren Youth has 
never raised that much money before - the closest was 
for the St. Petersburg project two years ago which 
brought a little less than $13,000. 

Tucson BYC'ers have set a local goal of $1,000 for 
the Project and are now working hard to obtain that 
amount. They are shown above as they "put the heat 
on" in a visual way to show others how they are pro- 
gressing with their goal. At last word, they had raised 
$310 so far. 

Promotional brochures and posters have been pre- 
pared and sent to all pastors (or church secretaries 
where a pastorate is vacant) for the "Cash for Camp" 
Project. Rev. Duane Dickson took some excellent 
pictures of the campsite and surrounding area and Mrs. 
Larry Baker developed the eight picture brochure now 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 

made available througli the Board of Christian Edu- 
cation office. The poster shows a map of Arizona and 
pinpoints the location of the campsite only a few miles 
from the Mexican border. We suggest that you miglit 
want to prepare a "Cash for Camp Can" to be placed 
with a display of the poster and brochures to allow in- 

dividuals to contribute their loose change from week to 
weok. Enough brochures were sent to each church to 
permit handing them out to interested individuals also. 
Are you meeting the challenge of the 1968-69 National 
BYC Project? 



THE PEOPLE of the village of Linwood and the 
surrounding neighborhood saw the need of reli- 
gious training for tliemselves and tlieir children. A Sun- 
day School work was started at the lumber yard of 
Linwood, on November 19. 1896. Mrs. Rose S?nsene\' 
was the first superintendant of tlie Sunday' Scliool. 

The first Christmas entertainment was held at the 
lumber yard Sunday afternoon, December 27, 1896. 
Families interested in the work were the Senseneys, 
Myers, Shriners, Messlers, Englars, Koontzes, Gilberts. 
Dayhoffs and Albaughs. 

The Sunday School moved to the hall in the school 
building at Linwood on Sunday, October 16, 189S with 
28 scholars. Mrs. Jesse Garner was the superintendent. 
Teachers were Mr. and Mrs. DeWitt Haines, Mrs. Emma 
Garner, Mrs. Jesse Garner and Mrs. William Messier. 

The Linwood Bretliren Church was organized on 
December 15, 1903, at the home of Nathan Englar. 
There were 13 members present. 

The land for the church was bought on April 14, 190-1, 
from James R. and Laura J. Etzler and Thomas and 
Cinderella Hanes. The church property was purchased 
from two different farms. The trustees at that time 
were J. Will Messier, Nathan Englar and John C. 

The church was dedicated with appropriate services 
on Sunday, November 5, 1905. An interesting program 
was arranged for the whole day. Services were held at 
10:30 a.m., 2:30 p.m., and 7:30 p.m. Rev. J. N. Knepper 
of Meyersdale, Pennsylvania was the speaker at the 
10:30 service. The prayer of dedication was offered by 
Rev. J. M. Tombaugh of Hagerstown, Maryland. A 
number of speakers took part in the afternoon service: 
Rev. W. D. Furry of Baltimore, Maryland; Dr. Fi-azer, 
president of New Windsor College; Jesse Garner of 
Linwood and others. 

Rev. Furry spoke at the 7:30 service. A choir under 
the direction of John A. Englar, with Mrs. Englar as 
the organist, sang at each one of the services and solos 
and duets were rendered by the members of the choir. 

The building committee was John C. Buckey, Josepli 
Englar and Nathan Englar. The mason work was done 

by Mr. Stone of Uniontown, Maryland. About 100,000 
bricks and 250 perches of stones were used in the con- 
struction of the walls. Mr. Rakestraw of Union Bridge, 
Maryland, drew the plans for the building. The entire 
cost of the building, not including labor and materials 
which were donated, was $7,008.50. (We do not know if 
all the materials and labor were donated.) 

The site of the church is an ideal one. It stands on 
the summit of a hill overlooking the village of Linwood, 
and there is a wonderful view of the country-side up 
and down the valley. 

The cliarter members of the new church were: Mr. 
and Mrs. John Buckey, Mr. and Mrs. John Koontz, Mr, 
and Mrs. John Drach, Mrs. Miriam Albaugh and Mr. 
and Mrs. Samuel Dayhoff. 

After the dedication of the church. Rev. J. M. Tom- 
baugh held a series of re\ival services. The results of 
these services were the confession and baptism of Ade- 
laide Messier, Margaret Etzler, Helen Englar, John S. 
Messier, Charles Messier, Robert Etzler, Carrie Dayhoff 
and Mrs. Edv/ard Hewn. Adelaide Messier was the first 
one baptized in the new church baptistry. 

Mr. John Englar was choir director and Mrs. Englar 
was organist until 1907, at which time Adelaide Messier 
(Englar) was elected organist. She served in this ca- 
pacity until 1950. 

Th3 parsonage was purchased from Mr. Joseph Eng- 
lar in the year 1924. The present organ was bought in 
1 947. 

Former pastors were: J. M. Tombaugh, W. D. Furry, 
Claude Koontz, Marcus Witter, J. P. Holacker, E. H. 
Delsch, J. Ray Klingensmith, Charles Bane, A. B. Cover, 
Ray Long, J. L. Bowman, Paul Yoder, Lewis Braum- 
baugh. Freeman Ankrum, Elmer Keck, Dyoll Belote, 
Earl Riddle, Bruce Shanholtz, John Mills and Hays K. 
Logan, present pastor. 

The church has and continues to practice the Apos-. 
to'.ic Doctrines, as we understand them to be taught by 
our Lord and the apostles; salvation by grace through) 
faith in as the Son of God: baptism by triun- 
immersion and the thres fold communion and holy- 

March 29, 1969 

Page Nine 














































BROKEN ONE — Offerings for World Missions: 1909 ■ 
$2,948.25; 1913 - $2,397.61; 1918 ■ $29,183.94; 1923 - 
$63,689.97; 1928 - $43,572.30; 1933 - $37,007.95; 193S ■ 
$49,864.00; 1943 - $18,510.29; 1948 - $29,634.23; 1953 - 
$41,927.13; 1958 - $66,202.45; 1963 - $69,365.55; 1968 
- $93,855.85. 

SOUD LINE — Missionary staff on the field(s) by 
year indicated on tlie grapii. List of thie Brethren 
Missionaries from 1940 to present are as follows: 

Argentina: Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Yoder (1940-1945); 
Mr. and Mrs. Rob Byler (1948-1967); Mr. and Mrs. 
Kenneth Solomon (1958- ) ; Mr. and Mrs. John 
Rowsey (1958- ) ; Mr. and Mrs. Ray AspinaU 
(1964- ); Mr. and Mrs. William Curtis 1964- ). 

Nigeria: Miss Veda Liskey (1948-1958); Mrs. Janet 
(King) Fox (1953-1954) ; Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Shank 
(1955-1962); Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kraft (1957-1960); 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Bischof (1952-1966) ; Mr. and 
Mrs. Harold Bowers (1966-1968) ; Mr. and Mrs. Larry 
Bolinger (1966- ) ; Mr. and Mrs. Richard Winfield 
(1967- ). 

GRAPHS NEVER TELL all the story; 
this one is no exception. In spite of 
that fact, hidden in that solid line is a rare 
saga containing glory and pathos, vic- 
tory and defeat, spirit and flesh. But to 
tell the story fully, indeed as it deserves 
to be told, we must retrospect further 
than our graph allows. We must start 
at the beginning — and the beginning of 
this story is the year 1708. Before we 
begin, however, a few preparatory re- 
marks seem apropos. This paper is a brief 
account of my own impressions which 
were made as a result of an historical 
study of Brethren Missions the fall quar- 
ter in Ashland Theological Seminary un- 
der the inimitable teaching of Dr. Ronk 
(my grade is Dr. Ronk's impression of 
my impressions). Since missions is upper- 
most in our considerations, this will serve 
as the criterion for dividing one period 
of history from anotlier. In the above 
graph, for example, you will note that 
from 1909 to 193S the number of mission- 
aries sent out from the Brethren Church 
increased from three to thirty-four. This 
period is distinctive in that it reveals a 
foreign missionary spirit unprecedented 
in our Brethren history.) After delineating 
the major periods as follows, we will 
characterize briefly each period in an ef- 
fort to faithfully teU the story; one to be 
told not from cold detachment but with 
feeling and conviction. 

1. 1708-1715, Initial Growth 

2. 1716-1775, Relapse and Lethargy 

3. 1776-1850, Home Missions 

4. 1851-1908, Foreign missionary 


5. 1909-1939, Foreign Missionary 


6. 1940-1968, Set-back in foreign 


7. 1969- ? , What is our future in 

foreign missions? 


The first seven years of Brethren his- 
tory are marked by the fervor and excit- 
ement of sharing a new faith. The churcli 
body that developed at Schwarzenau was 
firmly convinced that the Brethren had 
something distinctive and dynamic to 
offer the world. But the world they knew 
was soon discovered to be recalcitrant and 
antagonistic toward these radicals who 
dared to be different. Persecution mounted 
and faith waned. This is a different com- 
mentary than we find in the book of Acts.^ 
Could the difference be in why they were 
being persecuted? It was not simply be- 
cause they were followers of Christ that 
they were harassed but because they had 
espoused a radically different doctrine 
from that of the state churches. If the 
church is to flourish it must have more 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Ihan iif^lil ildriiinc 

It was not without bitterness — even tor 
eacli other — that the trek was made from 
Creyfeld, west of the lower Rhine, to 
Pennsylvania for assylum. The perse- 
cution, combined with personal animosi- 
ties, crippled the Brethren seriously in 
their missionary outreach. Their evangel 
was so smothered, their vision was so dim- 
med, their love waxed so cold, that they 
waded the slough of despondency for the 
better part of sixty years! I say the better 
part because in 1724 an effort was made 
toward revival and it looked as though the 
Brethren would get together and grow. 
The Ephrata movement, however unfor- 
tunately proved to be fractionary and 
splintered the brotherhood even more.3 
By 1775 the membership was a mere 800. 

This period is characterized by rapid 
growth and church extension. If the Rev- 
olutionary War acted as a determent to 
expansion, certainly independance brouglit 
the needed pacifism more kindred to the 
Brethren spirit. At any rate, the church 
grew, and without any special home mis- 
sions program. Personal evangelism and 
visitation increased the church member- 
ship from 800 to 58,000 by 1850. Although 
elders (not a paid ministry) were very 
active in visitation, I think it must be 
stated that the growth was due largely 
to personal evangelism by the laity. This 
is sorely needed in the church today. 

Tliis period is more difficult to charac- 
terize because of its complexity and inde- 
finability as a general movement. Main- 
taining our criterion this epoch of Breth- 
ren Church history may be given the cap- 
tion "Age of Awakening in Foreign Mis- 
sions." The period may be subdivided into 
four parts in which we find some con- 
tributions made to the cause of missions. 

As a result of the emphasis on edu- 
cation and the vast dessiinination of ideas 
by means of some newly created period- 
icals, the "stay-home theology" received 
a real hammering and deep missionary 
concern began to be expressed. The cul- 
mination of this struggle with the concept 
of missions was the sending of Christian 
Hope to open a work in Denmark in 1876. 
In 1877 the first Brethren missionaries 
were sent to a foreign field. The work 
was so poorly supported, however, that 
by 18S6 the work was discontinued and 
Hope returned to America. 

The problems concerning "conserva- 
tism" and "progressivism" were the major 
issues which "won the day" during these 

lew \i'iirs In 1880 the Foreign and Do- 
meslic Missionary Board was created, but 
apparently little missionary zeal was 
fostered. In 1883 Holsinger and adher- 
ents of "progressivism" severed fellow- 
ship to organize their own conference. 


With the heated debate of the previous 
few years out of the way, attention was 
given once again to missions. The 1890's 
was characterized by the start of city 
missions. Some were successful (Washing- 
ton, D.C.), but others eventually failed 
being launched without proper prepara- 
tion and study (the Chicago mission). 
Proper methodology in opening up a new 
work proved crucial if the work was to 
be fiuitful and endure. Then, 1892 was 
the year that the conference established 
the National Mission Board. It was de- 
cided that a work would be opened in 
India, but this proved abortive as a re- 
sult, once again, of improper planning. 
From then on the National Mission Board 
gave its attention only to home missions 
imtil 1939 when it supported the Yoders 
in Argentina. 

Not satisfied with limiting the church's 
scope in missions to the home front, such 
men as J. C. Cassel and C. F. Yoder peti- 
tioned the conference of 1900 to endorse 
the formulation of a society which would 
handle foreign missions. Not having con- 
ference's approval a group of some fifty- 
three persons (mostly laymen i met under 
an oak tree while the conference contin- 
ued and organized the Foreign Mission- 
ary Society, its framers being the charter 
members. The Society never became a 
part of the conference but it was accepted 
and decided that aU foreign missions and 
funds thereto would be placed under said 

J. C. Cassel, Louis Bauman, C. F. Yoder 
and J. Allen Miller are some of the out- 
standing men controlled by the Holy Spirit 
who provided the initial impetus in for- 
eign missions. A field was immediately 
sought for, and Persia seemed the most 
likely one since some unusual turn of 
events brought the Brethren into contact 
with a Persian — one named Auraham — 
who sounded the Macedonian call. There 
was division of opinion in the conference 
of 1902; ne\ertheless the year 1903 saw 
Auraham going to Persia under the Breth- 
ren flag. Unfortunately the field was so 
disrupted by war that the work never 
actually got a good start. By 1906 no fur- 
ther mention was made of the Persian 
work being supported by the F.M.S. 

The year 1909 serves as a proper start- 
ing point for this period for two reasons: 

Marcii 29, 1969 

Page Eleven 

(1) it is the year that the Laymen's Mis- 
sionary Movement had its birth, and (2) 
it is the year that the Brethren Churcli 
for the first time, and at long last, began 
a lasting vvorlv in a foreign field. The 
thorny problems of methodology being 
more fully scrutinized, it was with careful 
deliberation that C. F. Yoder and Ills wife 
were finally sent to pioneer a work in 
Cordoba, Argentina. The Laymen's Mis- 
sionary Movement no doubt added fuel 
to the fire that had begun in 1900. The 
work in Cordoba increased until 1939 
when the Grace Brethren assumed con- 
trol of the work there. A total of ten 
missionaries were on the field at the time 
and about that many national workers. 

An even more inspiring development 
during this period is the opening up of 
the Ubanghi-Shari by pioneer James Crib- 
ble in 191S. His is the thrilling story of 
prayer, faith, vision and sacrifice couched 
in language cryptic and inscrutible to any 
but the spiritually minded. 

Prior to 1918 Gribble had made over- 
tures to the Foreign Missionary Society 
but to no avail. His vision was not yet 
their vision. Gribble, unthwarted, went on 
a faith basis under the auspices of the 
African Inland Mission. God's purpose 
was revealed in those five years that Grib- 
ble spent in Africa; it was there that he 
not only became burdened for Ubangi- 
Shari, but it was there that he met and 
married Florence Newberry. They both 
literally gave their lives that Ubangi- 
Shari might be conquered for Christ. In 
1923, tlie year of James Cribble's death, 
the missionary offering soared and Breth- 
ren were so stirred that by 1939 there 
were 24 missionaries in the African field. 
The blood of si.x lives were invested in 
the souls of Africa and the Lord gave 
magnificent returns, both in laborers and 
souls won for Christ. Every Brethren 
should read Dr. Newberry Cribble's ac- 
count of this moving drama entitled Un- 
daunted Hope. 


Controversy in the church arose in the 
latter thirties which ruptured the brotlier- 
hood in 1939. The cause of Christ in for- 
eign missions, the Brethren Church prac- 
tically lost sight of in the ensuing years. 
Since the Foreign Missionary Society 
went with the Grace group their work 
in Africa and South America — with the 
sole exception of Yoder and his area of 
ministry — all fell imder the control of the 
Grace Brethren Church. Yoder, who had 
retired on pension, .stayed and reorgan- 
ized the field enlarging the work. He re 
lired .igain m 194.5. Since lliai nme nui 
\\ur]\ llierc has progres.sed ruUbUierablx 
A radio ministry was started by the Byleis 

who went to the field in 1948 (resigned 
9/67). The Eden Bible Institute was open- 
ed in 1965 e.xtending our ministry even 
more. Indigenization of the church has 
been so successful that today the pastoral 
work is completely in the hands of the 

Having no field in Africa where we 
might send our missionaries, cooperation 
was started in 1948 with the Church of 
the Brethren with their work in Nigeria. 
Missionaries have been sent to minister 
in various facets of their program, such 
as the medical, the education, and the 
pastoral ministry. The cooperation of our 
church with the Church of the Brethren 
has been satisfying and fruitful. The work 
presently being done among the Higi tribe 
is an excellent example. For the most 
part that is now our own foreign field in 
Africa. Tliere are nearby tribes where the 
Brethren Cliurch might begin a new work, 
but the Brethren will need to give their 
support in a greater way if this is to be 

1969- ? 

What is our future in foreign missions? 
Is it possible for the Brethren Church to 
recover from the previous period of mis- 
sionary set-back? We can if we will use 
the past to help us instead of perpetuating 
old wounds. As I look at our past I see 
weak areas and strong areas in foreign 
missions. What few things I have gleaned 
I would like to share. 

3Iissionary Leadership. Whenever the 
Brethren were moved for foreign missions, 
it was because of such men as J. C. Cassel, 
Louis S. Bauman and James S. Gribble. 
The Holy Spirit is the Lord of missions, 
true, but He uses men as His instruments. 
The Field Secretary of the Mission Board 
is one man who is pleading the cause of 
missions among the Brethren today. He 
desperately needs help that he might give 
himself exclusively to the cause of mis- 
sions. Would there be enough men and 
women in the church who would care 
enough to give $100 a year to belong to 
a society we might call "The Laymen's 
Foreign Missionary Society of the Breth- 
ren Church"? In addition to the annual 
dues each member would be expected to 
foster foreign missions in his own church. 
I can see potential here for strengthening 
our missionary forces. 

Missionary Challenge. In the past the 
chiu'ch was moved mightily for missions 
when tliere was the challenge of a foreign 
field ripe for harvest. The Ubangi-Shari 
work brought revival in missions unprece- 
dented in our Brethren historj'. I am 
liiiiidughlN I'onvinced that Ihe Brethren 
Cliurcli laced wilh the challenge of a new 
foreign field with the potential for a 

Page Twelve 

The Brethren Evangelist 

great harvest would respond with her 
workers and her finances. 

Missionary Education. What I have in 
mind here is some means whereby we 
could educate the church in our total 
missionary program to give crescendo to 
our recruitment for missions and our 
giving to missions. A periodical on mis- 
sions is sorely needed in the church. I 
understand we can look forward to such 
a publication in the near future. The sem- 
inary can play an active role by girding 
its curriculum with a strong missionary 
emphasis. Missionary conferences have 
been held over the past few years in the 
seminary which lend themselves very well 
to fostering a missionary spirit. But they 
are not sufficient. A solid curriculum in 
missions needs to be set up to train not 

only missionaries, but to train pastors to 
be missionary minded. This brings us to 
the pastor who is really the key-man in 
missions. As goes the pastor so goes the 
church. Brethren churches are not mis- 
sionary minded simply because their pas- 
tors are not missionary minded. God give 
us pastors at home who are missionaries! 
The pastor can hold missionary confer- 
ences (and do not be afraid to include 
missionaries from other denominations; 
they can greatly strengthen the program), 
preach on missions, teach on missions, 
and be an example of what missionary 
mindedness really is by baing an all-out 
soul winner for Christ. 

What is our future in missions? Maybe 
you can answer that, dear reader. 


1 After the division in 1939 the Foreign Missionary 
Society continued its fervor in missions. Today the So- 
ciety has seven fields: Argentina (1909), Central Af- 
rican Republic — then Oubangui-Chari (1918), Brazil 
(1949), France (1951), Mexico (1951), Hawaii (1953), 
and Puerto Rico (1959). This represents a total staff 
of 100 missionaries and an annual budget of over 
$400,000. Goddard, Burton L., ed., The Encyclopedia of 
Jlodern Christian Missions (London: Thomas Nelson 
& Sons, 1967), p. 95. 

2Cf. Acts 8:1-4. 

3 For more detail on the Ephrata movement, read 
Ronk, Albert T., History of the Brethren Church, Chap- 
ter 6. 

Pi sure 2 


(A mission 

-minded ch'jrch 

is a growing chur 



A S8,ooo0?so) 








\ y 



— ' — 1 . — J 

-1 — 

-1 1 1 1 

Rev. Grieve is a student at Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary and this paper was done 
for a class in missions. 

I March 29, 1969 

Page Thirteen 

World Missions in Argentina 

An open air Bible class 


EVANGELISM and cliurch planting are but two sides 
of the same coin. Penetration is made into un- 
cvangelized communities with the Gospel, followed by 
the banding together of tlie new converts into study 
and worship groups, and later organized into churches. 
Spiritual nurture combines with preparation for witnes- 
sing, to produce an organism which grows simultane- 
ously within and without. 

Church planting in Argentina has been a slow but 
steadily increasing process. The national church, with 
considerable development in spiritual maturity, is now 
at work in several towns and areas hitherto unreached 
with an evangelical witness. An increasing openness of 
Argentines to the Gospel gives urgency to our stepped- 
up financial support and personnel additions for maxi- 
mum growth and effectiveness. 


The developing Argentine church requires more and 
better trained leaders. Eden Bible Institute has been 
established to meet both this existing and the antici- 
pated future needs. 

Last December marked the inilestone of the first 
graduating class from the Institute. Of the four grad- 
uates, two yoimg men are serving previously pastorles? 
churches, a young woman is in the pastorate of a sister 
e\'angelical churcli since her marriage to the pastor, 
and the fourth graduate is actively at work in his local 

It is here that we can niake a long-range contribu- 
tion; bj' helping to staff the faculty as needed, and witli 
the ever-present undergirding of this institution so 
essential to the effectiveness of the church's ministry. 
Our prayers and support validate our partnership in 
this extending ministry. 

Entrance to Eden Bible Institute 


IP "■■ 

BBP^^'- ^ , r 




New sound trailer for film evangelism 


Local church evangelism must be teamed witlr the 
Argentine Church's efforts to reach into the many 
towns and cities presently without any evangelical test- 

Various means are used for this mass evangelism ef- 
fort. New churches have come into being in past years 
through tent campaigns, using pastors and talented 
laymen to work in these needy areas. Cooperation in 
city-wide campaigns conducted in the larger cities has 
also yielded additions to the Body of Christ, the Church. 

The evangelistic film ministry, using the new sound 
trailer and equipment borrowed from our fruitful radio 
ministry, provides another highly potential means for 
sharing the Gospel with thousands of previously un- 
reached people. Argentines and missionaries combine 
their outreach efforts in this great work, under the 
Lord's leadership. 

Page Fourteen 

Ibe Brethren Evangelist 


' I 'HE SOLOMONS are currently making their liome in 
1 Louisville, Kentucky, where Ken is engaged in a doc- 
toral program at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. 
His leave of absence ends in Februarj' 1970, when the 
Solomons are scheduled to return to Argentina. They will 
be re-assigned to Eden Bible Institute, in Soldini (near 
Rosario), where they will again serve on the school's 

During their last term Ken was pastor of the newly 
establislied church in Soldini, and directed the students in 
a practical program of visitation and personal evangelism 
in neighboring communities. They were also engaged in a 
kindergarten operation, which was an extension of the 
Soldini Church's ministry. As with ah the other mission- 
aries. Ken was active in the functions of the national 
church program. 

Ken and Jan Solomon 
Tim, Becky, Joel and Margie 

npHE CURTISES are home on furlough, 
1 residing at 310 Diamond Street, Ash- 
land, Ohio. During this year Bill will be en- 
gaged in deputation in churches through- 
out our brotherhood. On their return to Ar- 
gentina in December 1969, they will be 
stationed in Buenos Aires, where Bill will 
represent The Brethren Churcli in our radio 
and evangelistic campaign ministries with 
CAVEA. He will also share a part in the 
work of the Brethren Church in Argentina's 
national organization. 

During the Curtises' first term, I ho first 
two years were spent working in the record- 
ing studios at 31G2-6S O'Higgins Street, our 
Brethren Headquarters, and in various evan- 
gelistic crusades. The latter two years saw 
the Curtises in the pastorate at Cordoba. 
During Bill's ministry there, the church ad- 
vanced in membership and stewardship, and 
also launched a buUding program for expan- 
ding the church's facilities. The church is 
under lay leadership until an Argentine pas- 
tor can be located in this pastorate. 

Bill and Fran Curtis 

March 29, 1969 

Page Fifteen 


John and Regina Rowsey 
Philip, Susan and Valerie 

■"pHE ROWSEYS make their home in our 
1 studio and headquarters building in 
Buenos Aires. John divides Iiis time between 
the radio and campaign ministries we share 
in CAVEA and the various activities carried 
on by the Argentine Brethren Church. He 
has also had much to do with training of 
leaders on the national level, and particu- 
larh' in the area of finance. 

John and Jeanne and their family are due 
to return to the U.S.A. in March 1970, with 
the Curtises assuming their responsibilities 
upon their departure. John has engaged in 
many of the national church's ministries, 
with exception of teaching at Eden Bible 
Institute. Jeanne serves continually in the 
unofficial yet deeply appreciated capacity of 
hostess for both the missionaries and Argen- 
tina bretltren during their frequent visits to 
the capital city of Buenos Aires, and for the 
delegates of the Legal Conference which 
convenes annually at our headquarters. 

THE ASPINALLS are stationed in the 
town of Soldini, though it is anticipated 
that they will move into nearby Rosario 
when a suitable residence can be acquired. 
Ray and Marilyn serve on the faculty of 
Eden Bible Institute, helping to prepare 
young people for the ministry and spiritual 
leadership in tlie church. 

This is their second term of service in 
Argentina. The Aspinalls shared with the 
Solomons tlie gigantic task of establishing 
Eden Bible Institute, and in the crucial 
opening >-ears of operation. Ray has also 
pastored several of the smaller cliurclies in 
outlying areas of the Rosario-Soldini vicinity. 
He has also had a part in the musical minis- 
try of CAVEA, in addition to his leadership 
responsibilities in the Argentine Brethren 


Ray and Maiiljai Aspinall 
Mark, Kathy and Claudia 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 


RICARDO RIVERO is minister 
of the Nunez Church in 
Buenos Aires, where the national 
church headquarters and radio 
studios are located. Ricardo and 
Nellie have three children. Ho 
was ordained in 1961 after Bible 
institute training. Ricardo has 
had several successful pastorates 
and gives vigorous leadership in 
all the church, in spite of the loss 
of his foot in an auto accident 
some years ago. 

TUAN ARREGIN is pastor of the 
^ Brethren Church at Colon, 
and also is minister of the smaller 
church at Maria Teresa. Juan and 
Amelia both have an active place 
in the leadership of the national 
church, demonstrating their capable 
leadership before and after Juan's 
ordination in 1965. He is president 
of the Missionary Council and 
Council of Elders, directing in 
outreach and missions. 

TOMAS MULDER currently 
serves as President of the 
Directive Commission and Director 
of Eden Bible Institute. Tomas 
and Negra, with their three 
children, reside in the Director's 
Residence on campus at Soldini. 
He is ordained and a member of 
the Cordoba Church. For more than 
a decade he served as district 
director of the Argentine Bible 
Society. He was educated in 
Argentina and Mexico. 

ARMANDO ORTIZ is minister of 
the Gerli Church, located in 
Buenos Aires. His training includes 
Bible institute, a year of seminary, 
and special instruction for work 
with the Argentine Bible Society. 
He anticipates ordination in the 
near future. He and his wife, Nioves, 
are parents of one son, Joel. 
Armando is a Chilean who was 
converted in a United Campaign 
in Buenos Aires in 19.57. 

DON VARELA, as he is 
affectionately called, is pastor 
of the small church at Villa 
Mugueta, which meets in the homes 
of various members. He is 
ordained and fondly recalls his 
years under the ministry of Dr. 
Charles Yoder. Though semi- 
retired, Pastor Varela is still active 
in the national church and in the 
Bible institute at Soldini. He is an 
ardent evangelistic personal 


member of the first 
graduating class of Eden Bible 
Institute. For the past year he 
lias served as pastor of the Bombal 
Church, first as a student and 
now with greater responsibilitj'. 
As is the practice, ordination will 
not come until he has had more 
experience in the ministry 
Init it is expected that this young 
native of Bolivia vi'ill become a 
fine pastor. 

March 29, 1969 

Page Seventeen 


OSCAR VENA is pastor of the 
thriving church at Villa 
Constitucion and also has oversiglit 
of the annex now known as Church 
of the Redeemer. His wife, Eva, 
is sister of Pastor Juan Arregin. 
Tlie Venas have two young sons. 
He has had four years of Bible 
institute training and is now 
ordained. He has served on several 
national bodies and is currently 
treasurer of the Argentine Church. 

charge of the Rosario Church, 
wliere he and Estlier and their 
five children have been located 
since 196.3. Hector has received 
Bible institute training and was 
ordained in 1960. He serves the 
national church as a council 
member of Eden Bible Institute, the 
Directive Commission and Council 
of Elders, and works cooperativGl.y 
with the Bible Society and Child 


is neither pastor nor national; 
rather, she is a second-generation 
missionary. The daughter of 
pioneer missionary Dr. Charles F. 
Yoder and a graduate of Ashland 
College, she serves as a professor 
and member of the coimcil of our 
Eden Bible Institute, in Soldini. 
Her home is in Cordoba, where 
lier son. Dr. Norman Romanenghi, 
is moderator of that congregation. 

of the cliurch at Victoria. 
He and his wife, Margarita, witli 
tlieir infant daughter, serve in 
this isolated city of 20,000 as the 
onlj' evangelical witness. Roberto, 
a former member of the Cordoba 
Church graduated from Eden 
Bible Institute in 1968. He looks 
toward ordination at a later date. 
A converted alcoholic, his strong 
ministry is evangelism. 

ESTEBAN ANTON, with his wife 
and daughter, lead the cliurcli 
at Bernal, a suburb in the greater 
Buenos Aires. A special ministry 
of the Antons is their numerous 
weekly cottage prayer and Bible 
study meetings. He had previouslj' 
pastored two independent churches 
but several years ago Bernal 
was united with the Brethren 
Church in Argentina. 

BERNARDO PONCE conducts the 
church in his home at 
Florencio Varela. His wife, 
Franeisca, and daughter, Laura, 
actively share in his ministry. As 
is often a necessity with Argentine 
pastors, he supplements his income 
as an industrial mechanic in a 
nearby factorj'. He was ordained in 
1961 and has served the national 
church on both the Directive 
Commission and the Council 
of Elders. 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

World Missions in Nigeria 

How GREAT is the transformation 
when a Nigerian pagan receives 
Christ into his heai't and life! Of Course, 
Nigeria has no corner on paganism, for it 
can be noticed in one form or another 
most anywhere — including the U.S.A.! 

To the Nigerian pagan, a most amaz- 
ing part of the Gospel message is the 
fact that God loves him. A loving "god" 
is strange to his experience, for the gods 
of his people are spirits to be feared. They 
are to be placated, even by the offering 
of blood sacrifices, to ward off the evil 
which might come from the hand of an 

V ' / 

angry god. To discover that the great God, He who created all 
things, should so love him that He gave His Son — His death to give 
new life to liumanity — is startling but wonderful knowledge. And to 
find out that God cares enough for him, not only to save him but to 
keep him, is glad tidings for him and good news to be shcired with 
his brother Nigerians. Hence comes both transformation of life 
and grovrth in the church. 

There is no easy step from the life of a pagan into that of a 
Christian. The majority of Nigerians with whom our missionaries 
work can neither read nor write; not because they are incapable 
of learning but because they have not had the opportunity. So, 
when the Gospel is proclaimed and they decide to accept and follow 
after the God who loves them, there must of necessity come an 
introduction into an entirely different and new way of life. This 
work is usually done by an evangelist, often a person who him- 
self is rather limited in knowledge of the Way but willing to share 
the things which to him have become reality by faith. 

Being an animist, the Nigerian pagan has many gods around 
him, wherever he is. A liigh rock formation may represent a cer- 
tain deity — or the wind, or trees, or other objects. When he comes 
to know with mind and heart that there is only one God, the great 
God of love, then he must, hke those Thessalonians of so long ago, 
turn "from idols to serve the living and true God." The cross be- 
comes to him a symbol of sacrifice and a reminder of God's love 
for him. 

A noteworthy characteristic of the Nigerian Cliristian is his 
desire to share Christ with others who have never heard. Perhaps 
this is one of the reasons why the Nigerian Church continues to 
grow so rapidly, under the blessing of God. Local churches are 
concerned that villages near and far should know that God loves 
them, that Christ His Son gave His life that they might have new 
life. Their concern moves them to send out evangelists into these 
places, bearing their support to the extent of their resources. 

This is a small glimpse into an area where the Gospel has been 
proclaimed by our missionaries, resulting in a marvelous trans- 
formation in the lives of pagans born anew as Christians. Great is 
the open door which the Lord has set before us. Urgently needed 
are more workers, national and missionary alike; with the accom- 
panying prayer and financied support needed to sustain them in 
their penetration of pagan strongholds. Let us respond with whole- 
hearted commitment to this great opportunity for missionary 

March 29, 1969 

Page Nineteen 

Missionaries to Nigeria 

Lairy and Rose Bolinger 
David, Susan, Jon and Brian 

•"pHE BOLINGERS aie serving on the busli 
1 station at Mbororo, worlting among the 
Higi people. Larry and Rose expect to com- 
plete their first term this coming June and 
will return home for a year of furlough. 
Much of their time at home will be used 
for training in Uteracy work, to supplement 
the linguistic work of two of Wycliffe Trans- 
lators who are currently reducing the Higi 
language into writing. They plan to follow 
with translation of the New Testament into 
Higi. The Bolingers will then take up from 
this point with a literacy program, in order 
{o enable the Higi people to read and write 
and to liave the Scriptures in tlieir own 
heart language. 

It is here among the Higi people tliat we 
are experiencing a wide receptivity to the 
Gospel. Though there is great growth 
throughout the Nigerian Church, the growth 
among the Higi churches continues to be one 
of the \ery highest. We are pleased to know 
tliat by request of the Nigerian Church the 
BoUngers will be reassigned to Mbororo and 
the Higi churches on their retui-n to Nigeria 
after furlough. 

■"pHE WINFIELDS are stationed at Kulp Bible School, where botli 
1 serve on the faculty. After a year of Hausa language stud}' and 
orientation at Michigan State University's African Studies Center, Dick 
and Kitty traveled to Nigeria for what they presumed would be a term 
on a bush station as a churchman. Instead, due to an urgent need at 
Kulp, they were reassigned to the teaching staff. 

Kulp Bible School is attempting to meet the leadership needs of a 
national church growing at the rate of more than 20'/c annually. It can 
be seen that the Winfields' work, and that of their colleagues, is an im- 
portant contribution to the present growth of the church, and to its 
future development as well. To them lias come an increasing measure of 
responsibiUty since their arrival in Nigeria, both with the teaching loads 
in the Hausa language and in the school's administration. 

Dick and Kitty Winfield 

Fage Twenty 

Pastor Daniel Kwaha 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Nigeria National Workers 

PASTOR DANIEL is the first Higi man to be ordained to the ministry. Converted 
as a leper and trained at Kulp Bible School, this humble man is being used 
wonderfully in the developing Higi churches. 

Daniel and his family live at Mbororo, where the Bolingers also make their home. 
With work among the Higis begun by Bob and Bea Bischof in late 1957, the prom- 
ise of growth soon became apparent. In time. Pastor Daniel joined the Bischofs in 
their ministries, to assist and be trained by Bob. When the Bischofs returned home 
for furlough the full load of pastoral oN'ersight rested upon Daniel. This respon- 
sibility became greater when it was known that due to Bea's health condition, they 
would be unable to return to Nigeria. 

Though crippled in foot and hand by dreaded leprosy, Daniel has been a faithful, 
untiring spiritual leader; traveling over the hills of Higiland on the back of a donk- 
ey to give oversight to the seven churches and sLxty preaching points there. 

With the coming of Larry and Rose Bolinger to Mbororo the Higi work received 
a needed boost. Larry and Pastor Daniel have continued to work as a team, travel- 
ing far and near in the interest of souls and upbuilding of the church. As the time 
approaches for the Bolingers' furlough, we are thankful that there are two addi- 
tional workers, John and Zira, who will be working witli Daniel as spiritual leaders 
of the Higi churches. 

JOHN is a young Higi leader vvlio lias just recently 
^ graduated from the Theological College of Northern 
Nigeria (TCNN) at Bukuru (near Josi. He and his 
classmate, Zira, entered the seminary to prepare for 
further ministries in the church, after passing rigid 
examinations for cjualification. He and Zira made com- 
mendable records while in scliool and have now both 
been assigned to the Higi churches. Both of tliese men 
will lead in an enlarged program of training for village 
evangelists and their outvillage work, each sharing in a 
division of the new plan. Half of the salaries of these 
two men will be borne b>' the Nigerian Ciiurch. and the 
otlier half provided by the Higi churches which will be 
served. This is a real step of faith on the part of both 
the national church and tlie individual Higi congi'e- 





1^*. ai»- ,^ 

■ "^tW^^^*'^^ 


■ _-. ■ ■, = "^;^'^ 


John Guli 

Zira Diya 

"^IRA is a recent graduate of the Theological College 
X . of Northern Nigeria (TCNN) at Bukuru (near 
Jos), Nigeria. He, like his fellow Higi, John, qualified 
by examination to enter this seminarj' for advance 
training in theology and church leadership. He has 
Ijeen assigned by the Nigerian Ciiurch to the Higi 
churches, to engage in an expanded program of out- 
\illage evangelistic woik and village evangelist training. 
Our church lias provided the scholarships to cover cost 
of his training in the theological college, as a promising 
young Higi Christian who can give significant leader- 
ship to the churches in these important times. 

March 29, 1969 

Page Xwenty-one 

Evangelistic Crusade in Argentina 

AN effective outgi'owth of our Gospel radio 
ministiy is found in the evangelistic cam- 
paigns and cmsades. Musicians and technicians 
team up with others of the CAVEA organization 
to reach out with the Gospel in highly populated 
metropolitan areas. 

Bill Curtis and Ray Aspinall have shared in the 
musical ministry, with John Rowsey and Bill Cur- 
tis also helping with the vastly complicated sound 
systems as technicians. Pastor Fernando Van- 
gioni, our CAVEA radio speaker down through 
the yeai's, is often the evangelist, and tenor Fran- 
cisco Bilbao the featured soloist. 

We are thankful for the opportunity to share 
in this wonderful ministry. It is in this way that 
people who might not othei-wise be contacted are 
encouraged to come to these sei'vices, resulting in 
scores of persons coming to know Christ as Savior 
and Lord. 

Special music for crusade 

Brethren missionaries and other 

radio workers 

Audience in Luna Paik Stadium, Buenos Aires 

Piige Twenty-twu 

The Brethren Jblvangelis 

Progress in Cordoba 


THE LAST two years of our recently-completed term 
in Argentina was a time of great blessing to us as 
W3 ministered to tlie brethren in Cordoba, Argentina. 
It was an enriching spiritual experience for us and an 
opportunity to see tlie people advance in their faith 
and witness. Even as tlie congregation was being built 
up in Christ we were also led into construction of a new 
church building, to provide adequate facilities for Chris- 
tian education and worship. 

We ask that you remember these and the rest of ou: 
Argentine Brethren in your prayers. Now there ar( 
more open doors and greater opportunities than eve: 
before for reaching the lost, but we need more laborers 
both missionaries and nationals aUke. "Pray ye there 
fore the Lord of the harvest, that He would send fortl 
laborers into his harvest. . ." and that having beei 
called, they will go. 

THIS IS the new church building a 
Cordoba as it now stands. The strut 
ture is about 25' .x 50'. The new sanctuary 
will more than double the present seatinj 
capacity. The old hall will then be cor 
verted into classrooms for the Sunda; 

Progress is slow because building ma 
terials are expensive and even thougl: 
giving is steady, funds are limited. It i, 
a real sacrifice that many of these bret? 
ren are making in tlieir giving. The Coi' 
doba brethren are to be commended fo 
their vision and testimony. Out of thi 
church has come five young persons wh 
are now students in our Eden Bible Inst 
tute. We praise the Lord for this! 


Since the Cordoba church does not as 
yet have a baptistry, the services are held 
at the beautiful campsite "Diquecito" ( thi> 
word means "little dike"). In late Novem- 
bar four persons went through the waters 
of baptism in this gently flowing river 
beneath the great weeping willow trees. 

March 29, 1989 

Page Twenty-three 

In Memoriam 


BRETHREN throug-hout our brotherhood 
win be saddened to leai'n of the home- 
going on March 3 of Ruth Diffenderfer, a life- 
long member of the Brethren Church at 
Lanark, Illinois. Though only thirty years 
old, her life was an active Christian witness 
in the local church, and in district and na- 
tional activities. 

By profession Miss Diffenderfer was an 
elementary teacher, but her greatest desire 
was to serve as a missionary in Argentina. 
Due to the limitation of diabetes this aspir- 
ation was impossible; nevertheless, her inter- 
est was notably expressed in missionary 
support, promotion and encouragement. Many 
Brethren will remember her behind-the- 
scenes participation of the annual Missioiiary 
Banquet at General Conference from year to 
year, for missions seemed to be her first 

To continue her interest and devotion, a 
memorial fund has been established in her 
memoiy by the Missionary Board. It is known 
RIAL FUND. Its use will be devoted to edu- 
cation of missionaries' children on the elemen- 
taiy and secondary levels, in keeping with her 
coupled interest in missions and education. 

Brethren wishing- to peipetuate Ruth's 
missionary stewardship in her memory are 
invited to send contributions to the ilission- 
ary Boai'd of the Brethren Church, indicating 
with the remittance that it is for the RUTH 

After the baptismal services, the laying on of hands is 
administered by the pastor and one of the faithful deacons, 
Senor Guide Molino. It was an impressive service. 

P:ige Twenty-fonr 

The Brethren Evangelist 

TN THESE two article I would like to 
-*■ center our attention on the two basic 
ordinances in the New Testament as i( 
relates to the Church. This first one deals 
with baptism, and the second one witli 
the Lord's Supper. 

Whether these ordinances are regarded 
as possessing only symbolic value or 
whether they are sacraments which con- 
fer spiritual grace directly, they are cen- 
tral to the worship of all Christian groups. 
In these ordinances, the heart of Christian 
doctrine is enacted in visible form. 

Dr. Merrill C. Tenney, writing in Basic 
Christian Doctrine, edited by Dr. Carl F. 
H. Henry, says "Baptism is the rite by 
which a professed believer was inducted 
into the fellowship of the New Testament 
church. By submitting to immersion in 
water ... he confessed publically his need 
of cleansing from sin and his faith in 
Christ. Peter instructed his audience on 
the day of Pentecost to 'Repent, and be 
baptized ... in the name of Jesus Christ 
for the remission of sins, and each sub- 
sequent stage of the church's growth was 
marked by baptism of the believers' (Acts 
8:12, 38; 9:10; 10:47, 48; 16:33; 18:8). 

"The concept of baptism is rooted in the 
Old Testament law, which prescribed cer- 
tain washings for the cleansing of dis- 
eased persons (Lev. 14:8). Proselytes en- 
tering Judaism were expected to strip 
themselves completely, after which they 
were reckoned members of the Jewish 
community. The rite was acknowledgment 
of defilement and of the acceptance of the 
law as a purifying agent. The baptism of 
John must have been founded upon cur- 
rent usage, for his hearer were not sur- 
prised when he proclaimed it, and the 
Scriptures take the significance for grant- 
ed. John the Baptist, however, realized 
that his ministry of baptism was only 
preparatory, for he expected the advent of 
another who would baptize 'with the Holy 
Spirit (Mark 1:8)." 

Our Brethren founders were well ac- 
quainted with these New Testament teach- 
ings as well as the historical practice of 
the early church. They were students of 
the Word of God, as well as history. When 
one visits Schwarzenau, Germany, he can 
see tlie room in the mill formerly owned 
by Alexander Mack, where our Brethren 
forefathers met for prayer and diligent 
study of the Scriptures. It was not by 
accident that these pioneers of Brethren- 
ism decided on immersion as the proper 
mode of baptism. Ratlier, this is wliat 
their lionest study eonipelled tliem to do! 

As one reads Brethren history, then, 
he reads that early one morning in the 
summer of 1708, eight pious souls filed 
down to the Eider River, surrounded by 
many curious witnesses, knelt in prayer, 









March 29, 1969 

Page Twenty-five 

and then one of them led Alexander Mack 
into the water and immersed him three 
times, in the name of the Father, and of 
the Son. and of the Holy Ghost. Then 
Alexander Mack baptized the other seven, 
and these eight, perhaps the first to re- 
ceive trine immersion in the history of 
the Protestant Church, organized a new- 
congregation. (See Brumbaugh A History 
Of The Brethren, p. 29 1. 

One might ask, "Since immersion was 
not being practiced at this time, why did 
these Brethren pioneers elect to baptize 
by immersion?" The answer is that they 
rejected all man-made creeds and took 
the New Testament as their rule of faith 
and practice. They studied the Scriptures 
very carefully and discovered that this 
was the New Testament practice, without 

The word "baptize" means to "dip, to 
plunge, to immerse." There is no exception 
to this meaning when the ordinances of 
baptism is meant. Dr. Tenney says, "The 
Greek verb 'baptize,' which has been 
transliterated rather than translated, 
means fundamentally to dip, plunge, im- 
merse. After making allowance for cer- 
tain occasional exceptions, such as pas- 
sages where washing is implied, the 
etymological meaning indicates that bap- 
tism was originally by immersion. His- 
torically, this mode has been perpetuated 
by the Eastern Church, and it prevailed 
in the West until the Middle Ages. Pour- 
ing, or affusion, according to the Teach- 
ing; of the Twelve Apostles, a second- 
century document, was permissible if 
water were scarce, and sprinkling was a 
later substitution developed in the Middle 
Ages" (Ibid p. 257). 

You may wonder why the word for 
"baptize" was transliterated, which means 
brought over into English letter for letter, 
rather than translated. I was very much 
interested in this fact and spent consid- 
erable research on this question before I 
found the solution. 

We find that at the time the King James 
Translation was being made that there 
was all ready a controversy over the mode 
of baptism, therefore, the translators 
were not allowed to translate it. Joseph 
C. F. Frey in Essays on Christian Bap- 
tism (p. 122) writes, "Convinced of the 
excellent character of our translation, I 
was utterly unable to account for the 
reasons which led them to adopt or trans- 
fer the Greek word rather than translate 
it, until of late I have learned that these 
holy men of God were shackled by cer- 
tain laws, rules, and regulations drawn 
up by the Bench of Bishops and sanctioned 
by King James, which actually prohibited 
the translation of the word in every in- 
stance relating to the ordinance of bap- 

tism. I would not be understood to mean 
tliat the restriction ot King James was 
confined to the word baptize, for it ex- 
tended to several other important words, 
as the reader may learn from the history 
of the several translations of the Bible, 
by the Rev. John Lewis, chaplain to the 
Right Honorable Thomas, Earl of Malton, 
and Minister of Margate, Kent, p. 317, 
3rd. ed, London, 1818." 

Had the translators of our English Bible 
translated the word as "immerse" or 
"dip," it would have prevented a great 
deal of misunderstanding and controversy 
that occurred since that time. 

In the Dutch translation it is translated 
"doopen" which means to "immerse" or 
"to dip into." The German version trans 
lates the word as "taufen" meaning "to 

It is interesting to notice what some of 
the leaders of various denominations have 
written about baptism. Dean Stanley 
(Church of England) says, "For the first 
thirteen centuries the most universal prac- 
tice of baptism was that of which we read 
in the New Testament, and which is the 
very meaning of the word 'baptize' — that 
those who were baptized were plunged, 
submerged, immersed into the water" 
(Christian Institutions, p. 21). John Calvin 
(Founder of the Presbyterian Church) 
says churches ought to be left at libertj' 
to act according to the differences of 
countries. But then he says, "The very 
word 'baptize,' however, signifies to im- 
merse, and it is certain that immersion 
was the practice of the ancient church" 
(A Compend of the Institutes of the Chris- 
tian Relig;ion by John Calvin, Hugh Kerr, 
p. 194). Martin Luther (Founder of the 
Lutheran Church i says in his Treatise on 
Baptism concerning the word itself, "Bap- 
tism is called in the Greek baptismos, in 
Latin niersio, which means to plunge 
something entirely into the water, so that 
the water closes over it" (Works of M. 
Luther, Vol. 1, p. 157). 

There is one passage in the Bible that 
uses this same word for "baptize" where 
the ordinance is not intended, but the 
word is correctly rendered "to dip." It is 
found in Matthew 26:23, where Jesus is 
celebrating the Lord's Supper with His 
disciples. In answer to the question as to 
who would betray the Lord, Jesus says. 
"He that dippeth his hand with me in the 
dish, the same shall betray me." The word 
used here is "embapto" and its meaning 
is clear. The hand was dipped into the 
dish, not the contents of the dish sprinkled 
or poured over the hand. 

We conclude from this study that the 
word "baptize" properly translated means 
"to dip" or to "immerse." There are en- 
tirely different words in our New Testa- 

I'age Twenty-six 

ment for the words "sprinkle" and "pour," 
they are never used in connection with 
the ordinance of baptism. 

As we have noted then "baptizing" is 
derived from "baptizo," the root of whicli 
is "bapto." Tlie word "baptizo" is what 
Greek authorities call a frequentive verb, 
such a verb requires action. Liddell and 
Scott define "bapto," "to dip"; but "bap- 
tizo," to "dip repeatedl}'." Thayer, another 
highly recognized authority in N. T. 
Greek defines the word "baptizo," to "dip 

Thus one can see that the original Greek 
word, in addition to the Great Commission 
in Matthew 28:19, 20. teach that baptism 
means to dip, furthermore, that it means 
to dip repeatedly. Therefore, as Brethren, 
we see the need to baptize in the name 
of the Father, in the name of the Son, and 
in the name of the Holy Spirit. Each mem- 
ber of the Trinity receives proper credit 
for His work in salvation. This is graph- 
ically portrayed in this rite of baptism. 

Of just as much importance as the mode 
of baptism is the question of proper can- 
didates. Where the New Testament speaks 
clearly, it emphasizes the personal belief 
of those who are baptized. Faith must 
preceed commitment of one's life. We real- 
ize that the external act of water baptism 
alone will not transform an unbeliever 
into a Christian. The question is, can in- 
fants, incapable of an individual act of 
faith, rightfully receive baptism? The 
mention of the Philippian jailor's house- 
hold in Acts 16:33, 34 doe? not necessaril>' 
imply that infants were included, nor 
does any other New Testament passage. 

The Brethren Evang:elisi 

On the contrary, every New Testament ex- 
ample of baptism indicates personal faith 
on the part of the candidates for baptism 
(Acts 2:38, 8:12, 10:47, 48, 16:31-33, 18:8). 

"Baptism is a spiritual ordinance for 
spiritual people and must be spiritually 
discerned and understood. Unless the can- 
didate for baptism understands the mean- 
ing of the ordinance th3re can be no bless- 
ing or benefit to him. The mere applica- 
tion of water to the body is not baptism. 
There must be an understanding of its 
significance, its meaning, and its respon- 
sibilities and obligation" (M. R. De Haan, 
Water Baptism, p. 19 1. 

At the time of baptism, the Christian 
makes a personal commitment to Christ, 
whose death is the means of his redemp- 
tion and whose life will be the continuing 
dynamic of his career. He enters a new 
relationship with God and with other mem- 
bers of the "fellowship of the saints." 

The outward rite of water baptism does 
not save an individual, rather, baptism is 
an outward symbol of an inward change. 
It is a figure of an inner work of grace 
alrcad>' performed as the result of faith 
in the soul. This is in harmony with all 
the Scriptures, namely, that we are saved 
by grace through faith, as Paul clearly 
reminds us in Ephesians 2:8, 9. Baptism, 
then is an act of our obedience to our 

The Scriptures spoke clearly and force- 
fully to our Brethren forefathers. There- 
fore, as they took the New Testament as 
their rule of faith and practice, they obed- 
iently followed our Lord in the act of 


Schmiller's Chatterbox— - 

WHY ARE YOU A MEMBER of Sisterhood? Be- 
cause your sister was? Because you want to be? 
Out of habit, maybe? Why aren't you a member? Do 
you know why you go or don't go to Sisterhood meet- 
ings? Do you even care? Y^ou say, "Well, there's noth- 
ing in it to interest me." But did you ever think about 

finding out why, and doing something about it? 

At least one group of Sisterhood girls is doing somej 
tiling — because they care. Do you? If so, watch thid 
space next month. You may find something to makq 
you care. Then again you may not. It's up to you. Keeij 
your eye on the Chatterbox for the Talk-In. 

March 29, 1969 

Page Twenty-seven 

So Your Church Is Seeking a Pastor? 


Part I 

The Problems of Pastoral Change 

SINCE THE average congregation has al- 
lowed itself to become so dependent 
upon pastoral leadership, they become almost 
desperate in their desire for an immediate 
replacement. Pastors, on the other hand, if 
they have not resigned with another church 
or position in mind, sense some of the same 
quiet desperation in seel^ing another place 
of service. 

Why pastoral change? Our church has had 
a history of short-temi pastoral relationships. 
It has been easier to move the pastor out, or 
for him to move, than to "face up" to person- 
ality and power problems that exist in the 
congregation. Often it has been a problem 
as to who will lead the church. Sometimes 
local leaders, often self-appointed and self- 
pertDetuated, can think only of getting rid of 
the pastor when he leads in directions neu. 
unfamiliai', or in any way different from 
"the way we've always done it." It is not a 
matter of the value of new ideas, but of re- 
sistance to change. Yet, change is at the very 
heart of the Christian experience, "old things 
are passed away, behold all things are be- 
come new." 

Assuming that there is no "power strug- 
gle" or special "pastoral problem," there 
must still be pastoral change, although pas- 
torates should be much longer (from five to 
ten yeai's or more) , if effective work is to be 
done for tlie Lord Jesus. Congregations and 

\Frotn information arriving in the office this 
looks like a yea/r of many pastoral changes in The 
Brethren Church. The Central Council Executive 
Secretary feels led to prepare a series of instructive 
articles for churches and pastor's for such a time as 
this. These articles will consider both spiritual and 
practical aspects. It might be tvell to clip and save 
them for refereyice. Use them along with Chapter 7> 
concerning The Council of Ministerial Relntion.'!, in 
Our Church Guidebook by A. T. Ronk. 

pastors must grow together in the faith and 
service of Christ. Ordinarily, no pastor has 
all the gifts, knowledge, abilities and vision 
needed by a congregation through its entire 
existence or for a given pastor's lifetime. 
There could be rare exceptions. So pastoral 
change should come naturally, as one man's 
phase in congregational development comes 
to an end. Some pastors are better in teach- 
ing the Word, some in Christian Education, 
some in pastoral ministry, some in organi- 
zation, some in stewai'dship, some in building 
church facilities, etc. A series of pastors 
rounds out the congregational development. 
This vai'iety in leadership eventually minis- 
ters to the deeper needs of all in the congre- 

Usually the alert pastor will become aware 
of the completion of his work and will sense 
leading toward another field. Something is 
defective in the pastor-people relationship 
when this is not the case. They have not been 
"in touch" as they should have been. It may 
come from the secretive connivance of a few 
in the congregation, or the pre-occupation of 
the pastor in his many pressing duties. A 
council on ministerial relations can sen'e to 
keep the pastor and people aware of "how 
the wind blows." 

Practically, pastoral change is much more 
of a problem now. There are not nearly 
enough ministers to fill existing churches. 
Another article will consider "Why the min- 
isterial shortage ?" 

Spiritually, pastoral change is necessary 
for the fuller development of a given con- 
gregation, but each pastor must be allowed 
and helped to make his fullest contribution 
to the growth of the congregation. A change 
should not be pre-mature. From this view 
we see Jesus Christ as the overseer of His 
Church guiding in the calling and in the mov- 
ing of pastors that He may give what is best 
to the local congregations. This also utilizes 
each pastor to the fullest by giving larger 

Page Twenty-eight 

scope to his talents and gifts. Gaps appear 
between pastors ofttimes to prepare the con- 
greg-ations for the new man and to wean them 
away from his predecessor. Another article 
will consider "making a pastoral change 

So we must allow Christ to be the head of 
the church and its work and apply ourselves 
to seeking His will. By prayer and heart- 
searching, the congregation should seek earn- 
estly the guidance of Christ and the Holy 
Spirit before contacting any man. This holy 
prompting will in time lead to the calling of 
God's man for service. We will have an ar- 

The Brethren Evangelisi 

tide dealing with the "mechanics of seekinj 
a pastor," but without deep spiritual prep 
aration this could degenerate to being ai 
earthly business, out "to hire" an employee 
We deserve what we get, usually a poorly pre 
pared or otherwise unqualified minister. Ou 
history is strewn with the wreckage of sucl 
ungodly transactions. Many congregationi 
are sick, weak, and ineffective in their com! 
munities because of these and other sucl 
wordly practices and attitudes. 

So let us move back to Christ's way. Thi: 
is the first step toward calling the pasto 
Christ has in mind for vour church. 


by Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer 



""pHE SERIES OF PROGRAMS for Bretherhoods to 
i use this year of 1968-69 is entitled "Brotherhood 
Bible Survey." These lessons are presented in the hope 
that each Brotherhood member might gain an overall 
view of Scripture and what the major divisions of Scrip- 
ture contain. This month we wish to discuss the topic 
of the History of the New Testament. I would recom- 
mend that the leader make copies of this program for 
each member and distribute them to the members so 
that they can fill in the answers to the questions for 
themselves and keep a record of their work. 

1 Q: The section on history contains the book of 

which was written by . 

A: Acts, Luke. 

2. Q: Have one of the members reseach some ma- 

terial about the life of Luke and present it to 
the group. 

3. Q: What were Luke's purposes for writing the 

book of Acts? 
A: (1) to record a history of the early church 

(2) to defend the truth of the Faith 

(3) to record biographies of Peter and Paul 

4. Q: What is the key verse and what are some key 

A: Acts 1:8 is the key verse. Key words include 
Holy Spirit, Kingdom, Resurrection and Wit- 
ness or Testify. 

.5. Q: Present an outline of the book for the grouf 
to discuss. 

6. Q: Who was the man chosen to take Judas Isca 

riot's place as a disciple and how was he chosen 
(Acts D? 

7. Q: What happened to the disciples on the day o 

Pentecost and how does this affect us today 
(Acts 2)? 

8. Q: Discuss the story of Ananias and Sapphira ant 

point out their serious sin against God. 

9. Q : What did Stephen say to the Jewish leaders anc 

why was he put to death? 

10. Q: In what way did Paul become converted to tht. 

Christian faith? 

11. Q: Discuss the story of Peter and Cornelius anc 

point out that God showed his people that thd 
Gospel was for all men. 

12. Q: Outline Paul's three missionary journeys or 

maps and discuss them. 

13. Q: Make a chart showing who Paul's companion;! 

were on each of his missionary journeys. 

14. Q: What has happened to Paul as the book of Act: 



Marcli 29, 1969 

Page Twenty-nine 


IRetf. IRcc^ard /4CCcd&K 



SINCE JANUARY 1, 1969. theiu lias been a new con- 
gregation in northern Indiana l<nown as the Jef- 
ferson Brethren Church. The name is derived from the 
area in which it is located, namely, Jeffercon Township 
of Elkhart County. More precisely, the property be- 
longing to the church is a two and one-half acre site 
approximately four miles north of Goshen on state 
highway No. 15. 

At a congregational business meeting on November 
20, 1968, members of the First Brethren Church of 
Goshen. Indiana, voted to proceed with the establish- 
ment of the new congregation. Arrangements were 
worked out by a committee consisting of George Kerlin. 
Charles Higgins, Robert Kropf, Earl Shaffer. Wayne 

Wogoman, Wilbur Whittle, Larry GUI, Max Slabaugh, 
Rollin Roth and Onnie Puro under the supervision of 
the Indiana District Board of Evangelists. 

Richard Allison, the pastor of the First Brethren 
Church became the pastor of the Jefferson congre- 
gation. Bradley Weidenhamer, the Minister of Chris- 
tian Education at First Brethren became the pastor of 
the parent congregation. 

The Jefferson Brethren congregation proceeded im- 
mediately with plans for the erection of a temporary 
structure. It was decided to erect two mobile units. 
Kropf Manufacturing, Inc., specialists in the production 
of custom made mobile homes built the two 24' by 60' 
units at an approximate cost of $28,000. One unit serves 
as a worship area providing seating for 150 persons. 
The second unit houses a crib nursery, seven class- 
rooms and two restrooms. Carpet throughout, fluores- 
cent lighting and pecan paneling provide an exciting 

The Jefferson community is an ideal spot for mission. 
There are at this time some 203 homes located within 
a one and one-half mile radius of the church. Across 
highway No. 15, there is a 30 unit mobile home court. 
Within the next few months a new 85 unit court will 
open nearby. Three housing developments have opened 
in recent years and three more are scheduled to open 
this spring. 

Another item of interest is a comparison of attendance 
figures for First Brethren for January-February of 
1968 with a figure representing the combined attendance 
of the two congregations for January-February 1969. 

First Brethren (January-February 1968) — 260 averag.-^ 

Combined attendance (January-February 1969) -307 
average attendance. 

The new Jefferson congregation believes that koin- 
onia, sharing, is the need of the hour for all congre- 
gations. During the Middle Ages the church expressed 
its mission in terms of ecclesia, the called out assembly. 

Page Thirty 

The Brethren Evangelisi 

Following the Retormation the emphasis shifted to 
kei-ygnia, a rediscovery of the Scriptures and procla- 
mation. Today in our depersonalized, computerized 
society with its mass man, the need is for depth relation- 
ships on the part of the church. 

This approach has necessitated a number of changes 
in the organization of the church. The group is con- 
gregational in polity. The ultimate decision making body 
is the assembled congregation. There is a revived em- 
phasis on the "priesthood of the believer." Members 
employ their God-given talents in the gathered com- 
munity by teaching and performing in all the parts of 
the worship service. In the scattered community they 
are active in witness and service. 

The work of the congregation is carried out by ten 
ministeries. They are: Ministry of Deacons, Ministry 
of Christian Education, Ministry of Teaching, Ministry 
of Worship, Ministry of Fellowship, Ministry of Build 
ing and Property Development, Ministry of Social Con 
cerns. Ministry of Home and Family, Ministry of Stew 
ardship and Ministry of the Library. Chairmen for the 
various ministries are elected by the congregation 
Members of the ministries volunteer for service. 

A Church School with 16 classes, seven of which are 
adult electives provide for the nurture of the congre- 
gation. Adult classes are small (8-15) providing for a 
maximum of sharing around the Scriptures. Elective 
courses for the first quarter of 1969 included: 

"Know Why You Believe" 

"The Christian Faces His World" so popular we need- 
ed two classes 

"The Gospel of Mark" 

"How To Succeed In Family Living" 

"Inspiration From The Psalms" 

"Jesus Interprets Old Testament Commandments" 

Currently, we are engaged in the Cross Country Con- 
ference study of the book The Taste of New Wine.' 
Small groups meet each Sunday evening for a chapter 
by chapter discussion of the ideas found in the booki' 
and for a time of sharing what they have done with the 
insights gained from the study of the previous week. I 

Our program is designed to express an interest in 
persons. Therefore, we want to be — 

Alive to the power of the Gospel; 

Alert to the needs of the world; 

Awake to the possibilities of sharing. 

rtarcli 29, 1969 

Page Thirty-one 


CdSd Grande, Arizona 
April 11-13. 1969 

Commencing Friday, the I l+h, 7:30 P.M. 

rext: II Timothy 2:15 

rheme: "SERVICE — IN DEPTH" 


8:00 a.m. 



12:00 noon 
1:30- 3:30 


Friday Evening, April 11 

Song Service Rev. Alvln Grumbling 

Manteca, California 
Devotions and Prayer 

Rev. Duane Dickson 
Tempe, Arizona 

Announcements Jasper Price 

Special Music Tucson Church 

Picture Slides and Message 

Rev. Virgil Ingraham 
Ashland, Ohio 

Satui-day, April 12 


Conference Prayer Period 

Rev. Spencer Gentle 
Ashland, Ohio 
Joint Sessions 

W.M.S., Betty Price, President 

Ministers-Laymen, Rev. Duane Dickson 

S.M.M. (or BYC?) 

Special Music Papago Park Church 

Appointment of Special Committees, etc. 


Message Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Lunch in the cafeteria 

Devotions California Laymen 

Greetings California District 

Report of Special Committees 


Board and Committees 
Reports of National Interests: 

Missionary Board 

Christian Education 


Executive Secretary, General Conference 

3:45 Christian Education . . . Rev. Fred Burkey 

Ashland, Ohio 
5:30 Dinner 

7:30- 7:45 Song Service Rev. Alvin Grumbling 

7:45- 8:45 BYC Program 

Sunday, April 13 

8:00 a.m. Breakfast 
10:00-11:00 Joint Sunday School Classes 

Adults .... Rev. Alvin Shifflett, teacher 
Stockton, California 
Intermediates and Seniors 

Bonnie Munson, teacher 
11:00-12:00 Worship 

Call to Worship 

Devotions Rev. Alvin Shifflett, 

California District Moderator 

Announcements Jasper Price 

Tithes and Offerings 

Special Music .... Papago Park Church 

Message Rev. Smith F. Rose, 

Executive Secretary of General 

Installation, Southwest Conference 
Officers for 1970 

Benediction 1970 Moderator 

12:00 noon Potluck Dinner in Cafeteria 
Registration Fee: $1.00 


Conference Secretary 

Betty Price, Papago Park Church 

W.M.S. President Betty Price 

Music (Pianist) lona Stiffler 

Camp Display Helen Dickson in charge 

Page Thirty-two 

give to + h 

Brethren World Missions 
Easter Offering 

Church Growth 
Leadership Training 
Medical Services 
Literacy and Literature 

• Church Planting 

• Christian Education 

• Gospel Radio Broadcasting 

• Evangelistic Campaigns 


530 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 


^^e ^tei^^tcft 



is a 


Vol. XCI 

April 12, 1969 

No. 8 




Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionai-y Society 

Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization 

Mr. Floyd Benshoff 

Missionai-y Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Miss Kathy Miller 

Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Miss Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 
$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3. 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittjinces : Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Committee: 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 


"A Christian Witness to the World" 3 

The Missionary Board 4 

"The Pastoral CaU" 

by Rev. Smith F. Rose 7 

"Disregarding God and Morality . . . Schools 

Determined to Push Se.x Education" 8 

The Brethren Layman 9 

Sisterhood 10 

"House United: The God Who Is There" 

by Rev. Jerry Flora 11 

"The Lord's Supper" (Part II) 
by Rev. Robert Hoffman 15 

"Discipleship in the Church" 
by Earl Clyburn 18 

World Religious News in Review 21 

"Says We Never 'Were Monkeys, But . . . 
Anthropologist Labels Evolution No 
Longer Theory"' 23 





Ashland Theological Seminary 
Ashland, Ohio 

APRIL 22 - 24, 1969 


Dr. J. C. Wenger 

Dr. Raymond Swar+zback 

Prof. J. Ray Kllngensmith 

"Talk-l+-Over-Group" to enrich our dia- 
logue and -fellowship. Check the March 
1 , 1 969, issue of The Brethren Evangel4 
ist for program and more information. 


Reservations for the Tuesday evening 
dinner and for the Wednesday evening 


er m 

ust b 

e m soon! 

Tuesday evening meal - $2.00 
Wednesday evening meal - $1.00 

News from the Brethren 24' 

Woman's Missionary Society 2E 

Northern Indiana District Report 26 

Keystone Korner Report 27 

Falls City, Nebraska, Report 27 

Indiana District Conference Shaping Up 2f 

The Board of Christian Education 2£ 

April 12, 1969 

Page Three 



fi Bhristian Witness 
to the World 

A LL OF THE memorial and funeral services 
■'»■ for the late General Dwight D. Eisenhower 
were truly a witness to the world of what Chris- 
tianity can mean to the family of a Christian. We 
were impressed with the note of joy which emin- 
ated from the hope which was found in the hearts 
of those who mourned the passing of this great 
man. Every speech seemed to manifest this joy 
and this hope. 

General Eisenhower, no doubt, was one of the 
greatest Americans that has ever lived. Someone 
remarked that Mr. Eisenhower loved his Lord; 
loved his family; and loved his country. Certainly 
one could see this love in the life of this man. He 
had concern for those who worked with him and 
for those who were associated with him in the 
wai's of the past. This was especially true in his 
relationship with the GI of the past World War H. 

In all of his dealings with others during his 

terms as President of the United States did jVIr. 
Eisenhower ever forget his role as a Christian. 
He practiced his faith in all ways of life. 

It has been reported that just a short time be- 
fore his death he revealed his desire of soon real- 
izing the hope of his salvation throughout eter- 
nity. He was looking forward to seeing his Lord. 
In death as in life, Mr. Eisenhower found hope in 
his faith in God. 

Christianity is the only religion that offers such 
hope and such joy! The world had a glimpse of 
this truth during these past few days. Other re- 
ligions may boast of such, but when death comes, 
the scene is changed. They learn that there is no 
hope, neither is there joy. 

The life of a Chiistian can have its impact upon 
the community, the nation and the world. General 
Eisenhower's life proved this. 

Page Four 

Tile Brethren Evangelist; 

Evang-elistic Meeting and Missionary 
Conference in Sarasota, Florida 

THE Sarasota First Brethren Church will long re- 
member Evangelist Reverend Virgil Ingraham for 
his in-depth messages which were directed to the up- 
lifting of each member and friend during our Evangel- 
istic Meeting, March 16-21. The average attendance was 
195 with an all-time liigh for an evening service of 300 
during the meeting, with over 50 re-dedications and 
tliree first-time confessions. 

The Evangelistic Meeting was followed with our Tliird 
Annual Missionary Conference, March 23-28, with Rev- 
erend Ingraham, Missionaries Bill and Fran Curtis and 
daughter, Debbie, from Argentina, Reverend Phil 
Lersch from our Home Mission church in St. Peters- 
burg, Florida and CAVEA organist, Bill Fasig, South 
American musical missionary. Special features were 
slides, displays, and informal morning "Chat and Snack" 
coffee hour, and an informal coffee hour for the con- 
gregation after the Tuesday evening service sponsored 
by the Laj'men's organization. 

A "Host and Hostess" plan was used whereby individ- 
uals invited others to come on their particular evening 

of the "Ten Great Days." Winners received Bibles and 
the CAVEA record, "On Wings of Song," for having 
the most stand for them on their particular night. 

Two young people gave their lives for Christian ser- 
vice as missionaries during the conference, the Faith 
Promise Offering was $5,000, and nearly 100 soul win- 
ning faith promise cards were received expressing the 
desire of each person to let the Lord use them in reach- 
ing at least one soul for Christ in the coming year. 

Christ's command is, "Go and preach the Gospel to 
every creature." Presenting the Gospel of Jesus Christ,, 
to the lost at home and abroad ever be our aim! What 
else matters? 

— J. D. Hamel, Pastor 

At the Sarasota First Brethren Church attendance 
continues to exceed 400 each week. Plans for a new 
church sanctuary are progressing. A Thursday night: 
Bible Class has now been started and Reverend Fred 
Vanator is conducting a pastor's class. They look for- 
ward to a Baptismal Service soon. 

Left to rigrht: 

Missionaries on furlough from Argen- 
tina, Fran and Bill Curtis and daughter, 
Debbie, M. Virgil Ingraham, General 
Secretary of The Missionary Board of the 
Brethren Church, and Reverend J. D. 
Hamel, pastor of the Sarasota Church. 

6od had an only 
Son and Me was 
a missionary " 

April 12, 1969 

Page Five 

in the Brethren House 

SPECIAL events the past two months have packed the 
schedule for the Brethren Church of St. Peters- 
burg, Florida. Knowledgeable leaders enriching the pro- 
gram and the organizational chartering of the church 
have lifted the sights of the eleven members and other 

On January 9, men and women began a Woman's 
Missionary Society group to meet twice monthly on 
Thursday afternoons — one meeting for visitation and 
W. M. S. devotional program; the other for work at 
Brethren House, rolling bandages and sewing for mis- 
sion and world relief. Officers elected were Elda Tracy, 
president; secretary-treasurer, Evelyn Pratt. 

On Saturday evening, January 25, teacher.s and work- 
ers gathered at a church supper to discuss educational 
goals and methods with Reverend Fred Burkey, Na- 
tional Director of Christian Education. Reverend Bur- 
key presented a filmstrip that challenged the group 
to reach out for others. 

On February 9, Dr, Bliss Wiant, 23 years a mission- 
ary to China, brought Chinese music and culture to 
Brethren House, emphasizing Christianity in China and 
life inside China today. That same morning Dean Joseph 
Shultz from Ashland Theological Seminary unexpect- 
edly dropped in. 

The St. Petersburg adventure reached its peak on 
February 22 and 23 when the General Secretary of The 
Missionary Board of the Brethren Church, Virgil Ingra- 
ham, guided the group in chartering its actual member- 
ship. Months of prayer and planning had preceded this 
venture when eight Brethren signed a petition to Gen- 
eral Conference to be received into full fellowship as 
an organized body of Christian believers in The Breth- 
ren Church. I Three members who have since moved 
away will also sign.) 

Sunday morning, February 23, Reverend Ingraham 
reminded the new church of her structure as "stones" 
in God's building and Pastor Phil Lersch emphasized 
who the foundation for the church is — Jesus Christ. 

That evening the eight resident charter members*, 
Reverend Ingraham and Mrs. John Meyers, an active 
supporter of the work, attended the organized church's 
first communion service (and third observed at Breth- 
ren House). 

During the Love Feast, each member shared liis own 
commitm.ents in the following areas which he had 
carefully prepared beforehand; prayer, Bible reading 
and study, reading books that nurture faith, worship 
and holy communion, giving of money, giving of time 
in service, study groups, daily witness, acceptance of all 
p.7op'e, renewal of membership, and what to do in case 
of failure to keep commitments. 

The closing hymn, written in the 18 Century by Alex- 
ander Mack, Jr., is the prayer of the new church; 

Bless, O Lord, this church of Thine, Which Thou 
with Thy blood didst buy; 

Fill us with Thy grace divine — 'Twas for us that 

Thou didst die. 
Thou hast chosen us to be Consecrated, Lord, to 

The birth of th? new church happened on the sam? 
day that the sponsoring church in Sarasota was be- 
ginning its third annual Missionary Conference. Both 
of these groups desire to remain faithful to God and 
continually reach out to others. Representatives from 
St. Petersburg attended the conference the next even- 
ing to sharo filmed reports of recent activities at Breth- 
ren House. 

Further challenge came to the church the following; 
week when Reverend and Mrs. William Curtis and 
their daughter, Debbie, brought news of the Argentine 
mission work. 

Saturday afternoon, March 1, the Curtises presented 
slides and art objects to several neighborhood children. 
Then on Sunday morning they explained the CAVEA 
radio ministry to the twenty-eight others present. They 
helped increase the repertoire of songs from other 
countries by teaching the group one Argentine song 
and taping another for future use. 

'"Charter members are Jean Lersch, John Lersch, 
Phil Lersch, Anne Mattern, George Mattern, Mattie 
Mattern, Evelyn Pratt, Sandi Pratt, Forrest Reed, Elda 
Tracy and Joseph Tracj-. 

Other regular attenders are Miss Gretchen French; 
John and Beulah Meyers; Mrs. Bertha Nibling; Elbert 
and Lulu Wallace; Nancy, Harold, Linda and Dale 
Burns: De Dee Jewell; Robin and Michael Flynn; Susan 
Lersch; Gina Miller; Carali Johnson; Julie and Barry- 
Paul; Joanne and Diane Timm; Pearl and Joyce 

BRETHREN HOUSE, the building used for regular 
services at St. Petersburg. 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 


decision of John Rowsey to terminate 
his service as a missionary to Argentina, ef- 
fective on completion of liis present term on 
or about IVIarch 1, 1970. 

Among the reasons having bearing on this 
action cited by Brother Rowsey was the con- 
viction tiiat he is nearing completion of the 
woi'k for which he has had a specific call to 
Argentina. Other factors include the recog- 
nized need for updating his technical training 
in radio and television and some health prob- 

It was with deep regret that the JMission- 
ary Board accepted his notice of teiTnination 
as a missionary family in active Argentine 
service. Great appreciation is expressed for 
the splendid work of John and Regina Row- 
sey during these more than eleven years of 
service in the Gospel radio ministry and in 
the Brethren Church in Argentina. 

The Rowseys indicate their desire to fol- 
low the leading of the Lord as they seek His 
will in the times which are ahead. The desire 

is strong to remain in active Christian service 
in a lay capacity with the possibility of a re- 
turn to Argentina or some other Latin Amer- 
ican country in missionary sei-vice in future 

Our Brethren across the brotherhood are 
asked to join in prayer for the blessing and 
leading of the Lord in the lives of each one 
in this fine dedicated missionaiy family. 

Reform it? Moderate it? Destroy it? 


T^HE MUSICAL SATIRE "HAIR," now playing in 
1 Los Angeles, strikes out with harsh, blunt criti- 
cism against just about everything in established soci- 
ety — the church, the government, the military, the mid- 
dle class, moral traditions and even the hippies. 

Radio Station KFWB in Los Angeles invited a Bap- 
tist pastor, a Jewish rabbi, a Catholic priest and a fe- 
male hippie to see the production and recorded their 
impressions. These diversified opinions mark the battle- 
lines for the religious and sociological struggle now 
rending the nation. 

To Harold Fickett Jr.. pastor of the suburban Van 
Nuys First Baptist Church, "Hair" was deeply offend- 
ing. "Obscene, blasphemous, and degrading," he told 
his colleagues afterward. "I saw about as much obscen- 
ity in one night as I've seen in my entire life. I would 
have left in 10 minutes if I hadn't promised to stay." 

The Rev. Emory Tang, a priest, took the opposite 
view. "Religion is not under attack in the play," he 
said. "The writer is simply trying to show what some 
people will do in their contempt for religion. I think 
perhaps it's time for the church to re-evaluate the idea 

of externalism, the symbolism, the 'magic' of the 

Rabbi Al Lewis decried the theme of the play, stres- 
sing that our society needs "structured institutions. . . 
and structured learning." He said he thought the play 
had struck out against the form of established society, 
forgetting the substance of its disciplines. 

The girl, revealing deep feeling as she spoke, said I 
her generation has been "lied to" by the older. "You i 
went to church and said 'love one another,'" she said, 
"then you came home and said things like 'nigger.' and I 
'kill.' Don't you understand how we are offended by 

Audiences of all ages are listening to the sarcastic 
barbs against the fruits of civilization and a just society. 
Walk outs are rare as the controversial play rambles on 
and on, the line recurring: "Claude believes in God, and 
God believes in Claude!" 

"Hair" has bared the fang of society's enemy, and the 
sadness is twofold: Not only does its writer miss the 
true Deliverance; he offers nothing in its place. 

April 12, 1969 

Piige Seven 

The Pastoral Call 


Part II 

THE TRUE pastoral call recognizes the 
need for the guidance of the Holy Spirit 
in the choice of the pastoral leader for the 
local congregation. It confesses that human 
wisdom cannot know nor foresee what Christ 
has in mind for them. It expresses a willing- 
ness to be led, recognizing that the church is 
the body of Christ and that He is its true 

The church's need is expressed first in mak- 
ing the matter of the new pastoral leader a 
prime prayer concern publicly and in person- 
al lives. Its emphasis should be to prepare the 
congregation and the pulpit committee (pas- 
toral committee or council on ministerial rela- 
tions?) to be receptive to the Holy Spirit's 

Under this guidance names should be 
sought of possible pastoral leaders. Another 
article will deal with how these may be pro- 
cured. Directed by information available and 
by prayer the pastoral committee should de- 
cide upon one, only one. If feasible, the com- 
mittee should visit the chui'ch for a service 
where he sei'ves. This will give a better idea 
of his capabilities in a normal setting. Then 
upon returning, if agreed that he might be 
suitable, they may contact him by phone or 
by letter as to his interest and availability. 
(To arrange a conference with him the day 
you visit, might arouse suspicion and hin- 
der his present ministry needlessly.) 

Should this pastor be interested, he might 
be invited to meet with the pulpit committee 
where there can be a free asking of questions 
by both him and the committee. Such infor- 
mation as church spiritual condition. Chris- 
tian Education and other statistics, with 
budget, program and plans, should be given 
him, as well as what the church has been do- 
ing in salary, parsonage, other benefits. He 
should give a resume of experience, of train- 

ing, of family, and what he would expect if 
called as pastor. Questions should be asked 
freely on both sides. 

If the pastor is interested and the com- 
mittee feels led to move further, then the 
pastor and his family should be invited to 
come for an evening to meet the congrega- 
tion. He may give them a resume, introduce 
his family, answer questions, and ask any 
further questons he may have. This may be 
followed with light refreshments and a social 
time together. Thus the entire congregation 
can decide more intelligently since they know 
him first-hand. Shortly thereafter the con- 
gregation should meet in business session to 
consider whether or not to call this one for 
the pastorate. To be in proper order the pulpit 
committee should provide a contractual call 
for consideration, spelling out just what the 
congregation is agreeing to do. (See Our 
Church Guidebook by A. T. Ronk, pages 54- 
56, fo]' a sample agreement.) 

Whatever decision the congregation makes, 
the pastor under consideration should be 
notified immediatel}', preferably by phone. If 
the call is appi'oved, tell him that a written 
call will follow in a few days. 

The pastoral call then is the official writ- 
ten notification to the minister that the con- 
gregation is asking him to come as their 
pastor according to the terms of the agree- 
ment as approved. If carried on in the atmo- 
sphere of prayer and mutual good faith, it is 
extending Christ's call for service in that 
congregation's ministry. 

The minister will then consider the call 
prayerfully and the congi-egation will con- 
tinue in p]-ayer. If the minister finds any- 
thing unacceptable oi- that he doesn't under- 
stand in the agreement, this is the time to 
confer with the pulpit committee to be sure 
of mutual agreement, thus avoiding future 
problems. Any changes would have to be 

Page Eight 

ratified by the congregation. Tlie pastor will 
be prompt in giving his decision to the con- 
gregation, as well. 

Upon the acceptance of the terms of the 
call by both minister and people the most dif- 
ficult phase of pastoral change has been 
passed. Then arrangements need to be made 

The Brethren Evangelist- 

for the pastor to move into the new com- 
munity and to help him to become acquainted 
with and assume his pastoral duties in thi.v 
new field. The attitude of prayer which 
brought pastor and people together should 
continue for God's blessing and guidance upor 
this new relationship. 

Disregarding God and morality . . . 


Maybe Johnny can't read, but educatoi's seem deter 
mined the country over to make sure he understands 
the basics of human reproduction. 

The PTA, National Education Association, and evon 
the Girl Scouts are promoting sex education while the- 
U.S. Government is supporting it with more than $1 
million in federal funds, according to an education 
report by the Los Angeles County Republican Woman's 

At the forefront of the drive is a privately supported 
group called Se.x Information and Education Council 
to the United States. SIECUS publishes selected reading 
materials and offers films and tapes on the subject, 
along with reprints from the magazine. Sexology." 

Dr. Mary Calderone, executive director of SIECUS, 
told 320 boys at Blair Academy in New Jersey recently: 
"We need new values to establish when and how we 
should have sexual experiences. You are moving be- 
yond your parents, but you can't just move econom- 
ically or educationally; you must move sexually as 
well." On the question of premartial sex relations she 
said, "You determine it. . . I don't believe the old 'Thou 
shalt nots' apply anymore. Nobody from up on high 
determines this for you." 

David Mace, past president of SIECUS, wants current 
sex standards replaced, because "they are based on 
premises that are now totally insupportable. . . on 
tho folklore of the ancient Hebrews and on the musings 
of medieval monks — concepts that are simply obsolete." 

A SIECUS brochure states, "It is not the job of any 
voluntary health organization, which SIECUS is, to 
make moral judgments; SIECUS can be neither for or 
against illegitimacy, homosexuality, premarital sex or 
any other manifestations of human sexual phenomena." 

Dr. Lester Kirkendall, a founder and board member of I 
SIECUS, serves also on the staff of consultants for 
Sexology Magazine. Among this high class smut sheet 
are such articles as, "Alcohol Can Solve Sex Problems," 
"Group Sex Orgies," "The Many Ways to Ask for Sex," 
and others. One story told how a boy was introduced to 
sex by his grandmother and to homosexuality by his 

Several school districts in California have filed law^ 
suits to cancel courses after parents have become aware 
of the contents. But Dr. Kirkendall advises his friends 
to meet the opposition in advance. "Just sneak it in as 
an experimental course and see how people react," he 
was quoted as saying. Don't say that you are going to 
enrich, expand and make it better. The opposition can't 
stop something that you have already started." 

He has called those opposed to his sex education 
courses a "fringe group of dissidents who don't think 

Leading sexologists admit that they have no way of 
knowing whether se.x education is effective in reaching 
their stated goals of combating venereal disease, riddingi 
youngsters of inhibitions and lowering the rates of ille- 
gitimate births and divorce. Meanwhile, children are 
now being told that homosexuality, sodomy, and other 
forms of sexual deviation, are perfectly normal, and 
though some are not desirable, they are not to be con- 

Perhaps se.x education is needed in the schools today 
because parents have forfeited their opportunity to 
give quiet counsel to their children in the home. But 
how tragic it is that extremists look upon the Creator's 
masterpiece for married couples purely as a physical 
function, missing completely its mystery within the' 
human spirit! 



Ephesians 3:18 


April 12, 1969 

Page Nine 


James E. Norris 

Program for May 


Bible references and 

1:2-7; 3:5-8; Job 28:28. 


James 1:5; Proverbs 

Leader's comment: (suggested, add your own, or your 
meeting may be held in the "Round Table" discussion 

Man has been searching for wisdom since his creation. 
Your writer has been searching for wisdom and how 
we can have interesting and informative Laymen 
studies that are never boring. In looking up the defini- 
tion of the word we find that "Wisdom is knowledge 
and good judgment, based on experience. Wise conduct. 
Scholarly knowledge"-- (Man's concept). 

The foregoing definitions leave God out. How about 
this definition — "An attribute of God. intimately related 
to the divine knowledge, but manifesting itself in the 
selection of proper ends and the proper means for their 
accomplishment. Thus not only the world of nature, 
but especially the economy of redemption, is a mani- 
festation of divine wisdom. See Psalm 4:24 — Wisdom is 
in the deepest sense a divine gift" (People's Bible En- 
cyclopedia ) . 

Topics for discussion: 

1. If you lack wisdom, ask of God — James 1:.5 

The Christian has an unlimited source of power to 
make the right decisions in the affairs of this life. How 
many of you have had decisions to make and did not 

know which way to turn, you were frustrated at every 
turn? What did 5'ou do? The thing to do is to turn to 
God in prayer. Then make your deciiion believing it 
is right. This is the prayer of faith. "If ye abide in me. 
and my words abide in 30U, ye shall ask what ye will, 
and it shall be done unto you" (John 15:7). 

2. Wisdom must be learned — Proverbs 1:2-6. 

After readnig these verses we conclude tliat it is very 
necessary that we have the proper instruction if we 
are to evaluate a situation and arrive at a proper con- 
clusion. One of the greatest hindrances to obtaining 
wisdom is the lack of discipline. Even the art of listen- 
ing has to be learned. Many of us do not take time to 
listen. "Train up a child in the way he should go and 
when he is old he will not depart from it." 

3. The fear of the Lord is the beginning: of knowledge 
— Proverbs 1:7. 

Job said, "Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wis- 
dom; and to depart from evil is understanding" (Job 

Worldly wisdom cannot compete with the wisdom of 
God. Note in I Corinthians 1:17-21 we read, "For Christ 
sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not 
with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should 
be made of none effect. For the preaching of the cross 
is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 

are saved it is the power of God. For it is written I will 
destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to noth- 
ing the understanding of the prudent. Where is the 
wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this 
world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this 
world? For after that in the wisdom of God tlie world 
by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the fool- 
ishness of preaching to save them that believe." 

4. Proverbs 3:5-8. 

Wisdom is to do what we have just read. Trust comes 
only by faith, reading and remembering God's Word. 
"Thou Shalt have no other gods Ijofore me" (Ex. 20:3). 
It is wise to heed God's Word. Too many times we trust 
in our wisdom which is always at variance with God. 
There was a period in wliich every man did that whicli 

was right in his own eyes (Judges 21:25) 
became worse. 

and matters 

5. Job 28:28. 

"Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to • 
depart from evil is understanding." 

"Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and the man '. 
that getteth understanding. For the merchandise of it is 
better that the merchandise of silver, and the gain there- { 
of than fine gold. She is more precious than rubies: 
and all things tliou canst desire are not to bo compared 
unto her. Length of days is in her right hand; and in 
her left hand riclies and honour. Her ways are the ways 
of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace. She is a 
tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy 
is every one that retaineth her" (Proverbs 3:13-18). 



Greetings girls: 

Have you ever thought how important Clirlstian 
Hterature is? Many times people will not allow a min- 
ister to enter their home and discuss Christianity with 
them. It is sometimes easier for a lay individual to do 
this. But if they have access to Christian literature, they 
can be as well-informed sometimes as if they have been 
told personally about the "Good News of the Gospel." 
It is our place as Christians to be witnesses to our fel- 
low man. What better way is there to be a witness than 
to give tlie person an opportunity to have access to 
Christian literature. Now, what an appropriate time it is 
to be an effective witness through your Brethren 
Kvangelist Subscription Sales. We never know wliat an 
effective Christian witness we may be through our 
contacts with poople made through this subscription 

So girls — keep working and sending in those sub- 
scriptions. Not only will you be helping your local so- 
ciety through the money you receive through the sub- 
scriptions, but also — and what's more important — you 
may indirectly be a Christian witness to that individual 
you are talking to!! 

Once again it is time for your president to begin 
preparations for the National Conference to be held in 
August. August may seem quite a long time from now, 
but it is getting closer and closer each day. So I urge 
you now to start making plans to attend. 

Do you feel you have some very good talent in your 
societies? Perhaps you have someone in your district 
who is musically inclined or does readings well, etc. 
If you do know of such individuals and they would bs 
interested in attending Conference, please write me a 
letter. We need girls to have special music, lead sing- 
ing, lead in devotions, etc. My address is (until June 8) 

15 Lauretta Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805, and after i 
June 8, 105 Miller Avenue, Oak Hill, West Virginia 

Well, girls, I certainly wish you the very best of luck 
as you finish your school year, and pray God's bless- 
ings upon you as you continue your work in Sisterhood. 

In His Service, 
Suzanne Hall 


What is this thing, for Which men search, 

And never seem to find ; 
Tlien, after all their searching's done, 

They have no peace of mind? 

Their seai-ching is but vanity 

If, in this world, they seek 
To find the answer to man's needs; 

Their outlook is quite bleak. 

The world is filled with many things 

To please them for a whUe, 
But then tlie lusti-e soon wears off. 

No longer to beguile, 

Tliere is a fuller life by far 

Than earth can e'er afford; 
A richer, more abundant life. 

In Jesus Ohrisit, our Loi'd. 

Norman MoPherson 

April 12, 1969 

Page Eleven 

House United: 
The God Who Is There 


"The present chasm between the gen- 
erations has been brought about almost 
entirely by a change in the concept of 
truth. . . (And I this change in the concept 
of the way we come to knowledge and 
truth is the most crucial problem, as I 
understand it, facing Christianity." 

In these words Dr. Francis Schaeffer 
states the thesis and hurls the challenge 
of his exciting major work, The God Who 
lis There: Speaking: Historic Christianity 
into tlie Twentietli Century. Published last 
year by Inter-Varsity Press, this 191-page 
paperback (also available in cloth binding! 
is a book the Brethren Church must rec- 
kon with. If parents want to understand 
their college-age children, if students want 
to cope with the confusion of our day, if 
church leaders intend to communicate the 
gospel to the younger generation — then 
they must digest Schaeffer's intellectual 

Inter-Varsity Press released this book 
a few weeks after the former agnostic's 
description of the contemporary Escape 
from Reason. Tlie God Who Is There, 
happily, is an independent treatment and 
does not require a knowledge of the earl- 
ier work in order to be understood. What 
Dr. Schaeffer attempts in this volume is 
an analysis of how modern man thinks 
and why, followed by recommendations 
on how we can go about sharing biblical 
Christianity with him. It is a statement of 
apologetics and evangelism shaped by 
understanding and compassion. 

Despair Is The Air We Breatlie 

The keystone of Dr. Schaeffer's argu- 
ment is that historic Christianity is based 
on the law of antithesis. It assumes, indeed 
demands, an either-or position. This logic 
is true to the reality of the world we live 
in. The ultimate antithesis is that either 
there is a God or there is not. In addition. 
"The biblical concept of justification is a 
total, personal antethesis. Before justifi- 
cation, we were dead in the kingdom of 
darkness. The Bible says that in the mo- 
ment that we accept Christ we pass from 
death to life. This is total antithesis at 
the level of the individual man" (p. 47). 

Page Twelve 

Tlie Brethren Evangelist ; 

Modern thinking, however has moved 
away from the classical law of antithesis 
to a relativistic, both-and stance. This has 
plunged man into disunity, uncertainty, 
and despair. Although this shift in the 
concept of truth occurred in the nineteenth 
century, its roots can be traced back to 
the thirteenth century (summarized in 
Escape from Reason). Thinking men be- 
gan to sink below the Line of Despair in 
Europe around 1890 and about 1935 in the 
United States. 

The discipline of philosophy was the 
first area to move. G. W. F. ffegel opened 
the door by doing away with the antithet- 
ic, either-or mode of reasoning and sub- 
stituted for it the synthetic, both-and 
method. From that beginning the shift 
spread in three dimensions. It spread geo- 
graphically from Germany through Eur- 
ope, then to Great Britain, and finally to 
the United States. It spread socially from 
the real intellectuals to the well educated, 
then down to the workers, reaching the 
Prot3stant middle class last of all. It 
spread through the disciplines of philoso- 
phy, art, music, literature, and theology — 
in that order. 

If Hegel opened the trap door, Soren 
Kierkegaard was the first major thinker 
to go below the Line of Despair. He ori- 
ginated the modern mood in theology. 
Both neo-orthodo.xy and the newer, more 
radical theology go back to him. "Kieke- 
gaard came to the conclusion that you 
could not arrive at synthesis by reason. 
Instead, you achieved everything of real 
importance by a leap of faith. So he separ- 
ated absolutely the rational and logical 
from faith" (p. 21). His despair of reason, 
his embracing of parado.x, and his demand 
for a mystical leap into a non-rational 
"upstairs" are the philosophical basis for 
the modern intellectual's use of drug.s 
(especially of the mind-e.xpanding vari- 
ety). It reflects a uniform hope for some 
kind of irrational experience that will 
make sense of life. 

From the beginning in philosophy Dr. 
Schaeffer illustrates and documents the 
further steps below the Line of Despair 
in art, music, and general culture. As in 
his previous book, the range of the mate- 
rial is expansive. He is at home in art 
with the French Impressionists, Picasso, 
Mondrian, the Dada school, Duchamp, and 
Happenings. He describes "musique con- 
crete." He cites Henry Miller, John Os- 
borne, and Dylan Thomas in literature. 
He analyzes what movies, television ( Brit- 
ish and American I, and the Beatles reveal 
about the general cultural climate. 

The situation is no different on the 
other side of the Iron Curtain. The twin 
concepts of a divided house of knowledge 

and relativistic truth unite all mankind. 
Romanticism is dead. Nihilism is alive in 
some quarters, but man cannot live with- 
out meaning in his life. Having escaped 
from revelation into reason only to find 
it unable to provide significant answers, 
he is now attempting an "escape from 
reason" in order to seek the meaning of j 
his existence in the non-reasoning and non- ! 
reasonable. It matters little what name or j 
content is assigned to the "upstairs" — thei 
despairing, unreasoning leap is the same. 1 
But because it is non-rational, non-logical, ij 
and mystical, there is no way of testing! 
whether it is true or false. It is a jump in, 
the dark. | 

Is There Life Before Death? 

Twentieth century theology is a late- 
comer on the scene of despair, but it has : 
finally and decisively arrived. Departing 
from the scriptural revelation which af-j 
fords a unified view of God, man, and the- 
world, theology today shares the split- 1 
level house of knowledge in which art, | 
music, and literature are trapped. Here; 
there is no upstairs, but a man must leap,' 
for his life to reach the upper story where 
the Ground of All Being dwells. Dr. 
Schaeffer calls this modern, mystical 
theology "despair beyond despair." 

The strength of the new theology is tO' 
be found in its use of biblical terms. It 
employs them without biblical content,^ 
however, as mere symbols with personal: 
or historical connotation. These symboL 
give us an illusion of meaning but, evac- 
uated of their scriptural content, they re- 
veal nothing that can be termed or tested' 
as truth. The result is that the new-style 
theology appears to be more optimistic' 
than the current secularism, but it is just 
as sterile. 

"Probably the best way to describe thisi 
concept of modern theology is to say that 
it is faith in faith, rather than faith direct-i 
ed to an object which is actuallj' there. . . 
It is the same word but has an opposite 
meaning, for a modern man cannot talk 
about the object of his faith, only about 
the faith itself. So he can discuss the exis- 
tence of his faith and its 'size' as it exists 
against all reason, but that is all. Modern' 
man's faith turns inward" (p. 62). 

Dr. Schaeffer illustrates from the crea-! 
live disciplines how contemporary mam 
tries to restore meaning to his life throughl 
irrational mysticism. He cites twentieth- 
century art and language (Paul Klee, 
Jackson Pollock, Salvador Dali, Martini 
Heidegger since 1959), music and litera 
ture (Leonard Bernstein, John Cage, Hen-j 
ry Miller), and the new theology (thei 
God-is-dead "Christian atheists"; the "up- 
per story theologians" Paul Tillich an 
J. A. T. Robinson; and the disciples o; 

Page Thirteen 

Rudolf Bultmann who are engaged in the 

"new quest" for the historical Jesus). 

Can Tliese Bones Live? 

Historic Christianity differs from all 
tliis because it alone answers with mean- 
ing and satisfaction the three basic needs 
of modern man. He has first of all no cer- 
tainty that individual personality is real, 
that he is any more than a finely tuned 
chemical machine. The biblical answer is 
that personality lies at the heart of the 
universe because "a God who is personal 
on the high order of Trinity created all 
else." Within that Trinity, before anything 
came into existence, there was real love 
and real communication. This personal 
God created man in His own image. Per- 
sonality is a biult-in element of man be- 
cause he is made in the likeness of this 
personal God. If it is not so, then man 
is only the product of an impersonal imi- 
verse plus time plus chance. But it re- 
quires a non-rational leap of assumption 
to believe that personality comes from 

The second basic need concerns \eri- 
fiable facts and knowing. Man communi- 
cates in verbal form with himself and 
with other men. And since he is made in 
the image of the personal God, communi- 
cation between them should be possible, 
especially from the Creator to His crea- 
ture. "It is plain, therefore, that from the 
viewpoint of the Scriptures themselves 
there is a unity over the whole field of 
knowledge. God has spoken, in a linguistic 
prepositional form, truth concerning Him- 
self and truth concerning man, history 
and the universe" (p. 92f. ). This revealed 
truth can be examined and tested at the 
points where it touches the universe, 
history, and the nature of man. These 
are verifiable facts. 

To assert, as the new theology does, 
that immunity from proof saves Chris- 
tianity from being mythological is to 
speak nonsense. If there is no way to 
examine it, how can we know if it is true? 
Why bother to give it attention or alle- 
giance? Like the emperor in the children's 
tale, such Christianity may marcli through 
the world in its imaginary cloths, but "it 
remains irrational and what it is talking 
about can never really be discussed, be- 
cause it is no longer open to verification." 
To the eye of a child it is naked. 

The third question of modern man con- 
cerns the dilemma of evil. Is it program- 
med into the universe and, therefore, nor- 
mal? Or does all present evil result from 
some prior, conscious rebellion in time 
and space? Dr. Schaeffer replies that 
"the God wlio is there," the God who real- 
ly exists, is not only personal but also 
infinite. Tliis renders perfection His stand- 

ard for all creatures made in His image. 
It means that man in his rebellion incurs 
true moral guilt before Him, not just 
guilt feelings. 

God's answer to man's dilemma is tlie 
stumbling block of the Cross. If we are 
truly guiltj' before the infinite Creator, 
then we are helpless to save ourselves be- 
cause we are only creatures. But God 
says, "I am holy and I am love. My holy 
love encompasses the rebellious world of 
men, and to you I send my Son." The 
space-time revolt of Adam was answered 
by the space-time death of Jesus Christ, 
in whom the whole fullness of deity 
dwells bodily. In His death He carried the 
result of man's sin into the Trinity, and 
He reconciled us to God in expiation and 
propitiation and substitution. His life, 
being infinite, encompasses all the lives 
of finite men. Therefore, our real moral 
guilt has been met, and the defeat of 
death in His resurrection is God's seal 
that it is accomplislied. 

How can we know that this is true? 
Because it fits together and gives signif- 
icant meaning to life. This is no blind 
"leap of faith, because the pieces match 
up in a coherent whole over the whole 
unified field of knowledge. With the prop- 
osilional communication from the per- 
sonal God before us, not only the things 
of the cosmos and history match up but 
everything on tlte upper and lower stories 
match too; grace and nature; a moral 
absolute and morals; tlie universal point 
of reference and the particulars, and the 
emotional and aesthetic realities of man 
as well" (p. 109). 

This is tlie unity that the thinkers of 
seven hundred years have sought! To all 
of this the Christian can add personal 
experience in which the laboratory of his 
own life has validated the truth-claims of 
his faith. 

Getting ThroiiRh With The Gospel 

It is criminal to keep this knowledge of 
"the God who is there" to ourselves. We 
must be "speaking historic Christianity 
into the twentieth century climate," so 
Dr. Schaeffer begins a compassionate re- 
construction of despairing centemporary 
man. This cannot be accomplished by 
following mechanical rules, for every per- 
son as an individual created by God is 
different. We may live in separate spirit- 
ual universes, but physically, intellectual- 
ly, emotionally we are of one kind; and 
it is to one of our own kind that we com- 
municate. Nor are we interested only in 
souls, as though the rest of man were 
unimportant. Sin affects the whole man, 
and we address him with the Gospel as 
a whole creature. 

In every non-Christian, says Schaeffer. 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelist i 

there is a tension between tiie logical 
outcome of his view of life versus the 
real world God has created (that is, the 
external world of nature and his own 
inner nature). Man cannot live consistent- 
ly apart from the principles of God. The 
tension exists because, "regardless of a 
man's system, he has to live in God's 

Having found that point of tension, that 
instability, we must then shove him off 
his false balance and toward the cliff 
which marks the logical conclusion of 
his view of life. But Dr. Schaeffer cau- 
tions, "As soon as the man before us is 
ready to listen to the Gospel we do not 
push him any further, because it is hor- 
rible to be propelled in the direction of 
meaninglessness against the testimony of 
the external world and the testimony of 

This calls for patience, for a serious- 
thinking man is not easily moved. He 
must understand that we propose to an- 
swer his need not in terms of the new 
theology with its non-verifiable "upstairs" 
reached by a mystical leap of faith, but 
in terms of definable truth, moral guilt, 
and space-time history. We cannot show 
him from Scripture the nature of his lost- 
ness and the divine answer to it until first 
he has recognized, in his own terms of 
reference, the horror of his rebellion 
against the nature of the external world 
and the truth of what he is. 

"How dare we deal with men in this 
way? Only for one reason — because Chris- 
tianity is truth. . . If there is an antithesis, 
there is an antithesis. If there is that 
which is true truth, there is that which 
is error. If there is true Christian salva- 
tion (in contrast to the concept of sal- 
vation in tlie new theology I, there is 
lostness" (p. 131). 

This means that in the future we must 
give far more attention to pre-evangelism. 
We cannot present the Gospel, even as 
Scripture verses, to men whose life-view 
and thought-forms are of a different 
world. We must bridge the chasm with 
genuine knowledge before any intelligent, 
satisfying decision can be made. "Know- 
ledge precedes faith. This is crucial in 
understanding the Bible." Conversion is 
no leap into a non-rational, mystical "up- 
stairs," even of orthodoxy. It is a decision 
of the whole man, not an experience of 
emotion without reason or of words with- 

out meaning. It must proceed beyond 
orthodoxy and behind the Scriptures to 
"tlie God who is there." 

Salvation does not end with the individ- 
ual. We must not only try to show in 
reasoned fashion that Christianity speaks 
the real truth; we must also exhibit that, 
tills is fact, not just theory. The final de- 
fense and confirmation of the gospel can- 
not be a verbal presentation. The world 
must be able to see it at work in individ- 
ual Christians and in their life together. 

To this ministry Francis Schaeffer has 
dedicated himself, his home, and his co- 
workers in L'Abri Fellowship ("I'abri" 
being the French term for "shelter"). It 
is their stated purpose "To show forth, 
by demonstration in our life and work, 
the existence of God." In the village of 
Huemoz, Switzerland, three thousand feet 
above the Rhone valley, they consider the 
claims of Christianity with earnest seekers 
who come in increasing numbers from all , 
parts of the world and from all religions. 
Professor J. A. Kirk (Union Theological; 
Seminary, Buenos Aires), one of those 
influenced by them, writes, "The workers 
at L'Abri are convinced that one thing is 
true of every individual wlio comes and 
that is that God has sent them in answer 
to specific, earnest prayer. . . Prayer, 
therefore, is made to God about every '' 
aspect of the life of L'Abri." 

Speaking of his experience as a stu- 
dent with Dr. Schaeffer. he says, "I began , 
to realize that we had, amongst those of, 
us who accepted the inerrancy of Scrip- 
ture, a man to whom God had given a' 
special gift of understanding the mental- 
ity of the twentieth century and of iden- 
tifying himself with people affected by j 
it. He had been led to a position where 
at one and the same time he could bril- 
liantly expose this mentality and yet also 
sympathetically find ways of giving the 
only answers which could possibly satis- 
fy man's deepest longings" (p. 172f.). 

The God Who Is There is the distilled 
product of that gift. The book contains; 
gaps, weaknesses, and blemishes, as any 
human product must; but one cannot 
read it without learning from it and thank- 
ing God for its author. Studying these 
pages carefully is like climbing Schaffer's 
beloved Alps: the ascent is arduous, but 
the view from the summit is spectacular! 
and gives perspective to everything below. 

Support World Missions 

April 12, 1969 

Page Fifteen 

by the Brethren, as well as practi- 
cally all Christians, is the Lord's Supper. 
This memorial feast was instituted by 
Jesus on the eve of His death. 

"The primary significance of the Lord's 
Supper," writes Dr. Merrill Tenney, "is 
its representation of Christ's death as the 
seal of the new covenant between God and 
man. The breaking of Christ's body and 
the shedding of His blood made the sac- 
rifice by which atonement for sin was 
accomplished, thereby reconciling man to 
God. As the bread and wine are assimi- 
lated into the phj'sical body to contribute 
to its well-being, so the person of Christ 
enters spiritually into the life of the com- 
municant. By this impartation. the saving 
power of Christ is constantly appropriated 
and His strength becomes the source of 
the believer's life" (Basic Clirlstlan Doc- 
trines p. 259). 

In Brethren history, and in present 
practice, the Lord's Supper is regarded 
as a whole evening's ceremony which con- 
sists of three distinct parts: the prepara- 
tory service of feet washing, the central 
ceremony of a fellowship meal called the 
Lord's Supper, and the clima.xing cere- 
mony of the Bread and the Cup. 

Henry Holsinger has preserved a rec- 
ord of the first Holy Communion service 
in America (History of The Tunkers p. 
128). According to his record, it was held 
on Christmas Day, 1723. Early in the 
morning of this memorable day six con- 
verts were baptized in a creek by triune 
immersion. Their names were Martin 
Urner, and his wife Catherine, Henry 
Landis and wife, Fredrick Long, and John 
Maylie. These were the first persons bap- 
tized by the Tunker Brethren in America. 

Holsinger writes, "The same day, De- 
cember 25, 1723, they organized them- 
selves into a congregation, and in th? 
evening of the same day a love-feast was 
held at the house of John Gomery. Twen- 
ty-three persons participated in the com- 
munion services. (He lists the 23 names.) 
Thus, we have the first organization of 
the Tunker Church, the first baptism ad- 
ministered, and the first communion cele- 
brated in America, all on the same day, 
and that on the natal day of our Redeem- 
er, in the seventeen hundred and twenty- 
third year of His own dispensation." 

It will be profitable now for us to con- 
sider the spiritual and symbolical mean- 
ing of each part of the Lord's Supper. 
This meaningful service began with the 
feet washing. The Love Feast was pre- 
pared and ready to eat when Jesus took 
a lowel and girded Himself and poured 
water into a basin and proceeded to wash 
the disciples' feet. This was something 




Part II 


new and the disciples did not know at the 
time what He was doing. Jesus said, 
"What I do thou knowest not now; but 
thou Shalt know hereafter" (John 13:7). 
If this washing had been common prac- 
tice, as some would have us believe, the 
disciples would have undoubtedly under- 
stood what He was doing. 

John tells us exactly what was in His 
mind before He began the service, "Jesus, 
knew that his hour was come that he 
should depart out of this world unto the 
Father, having loved his own which were 
in the world, he loved them unto the 
end. And supper being ended, the devil 
having now put into the heart of Judas 
Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him: Jes- 
us knowing that the Father had given 
all things into his hands, and that he 
was come from God, and went to God; 
he riseth from supper, and laid aside 
his garments; and took a towel . . . (John 
13:1-4). This was what was in His mind 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelist i 

and He was instituting an ordinance tliat 
would bind His disciples togetlner into a 
new family. Then He commanded tliat 
tliey should perpetuate it, for He said, "I 
have given you an exampx, that ye should 
do as I have done to you" (John 13:15i. 

Rev. C. A. Stewart writing in the Bretli- 
reii Evangelist, asks "What is the value 
of such a service? That is what Peter 
thought when he said, 'Thou shalt never 
wash my feet.' But Jesus said, 'If I wash 
thee not, thou hast no part with me.' 
Now Jesus was leaving them in a few 
liours and they would not be with Him. 
Then what did he mean? He made it 
clear to Peter when he (Peter) was will- 
ing to have his hands and his head wash- 
ed if necessary. 'He that is washed (bap- 
tized) needeth not save to wash his feet, 
but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, 
but not air (John 13:10). Now Commenta- 
tors tell us that the v^'ord 'washed' there 
means baptism. If that is true, then Jesus 
was saying that all Peter needed now was 
to have his feet washed. Tills, then has 
much spiritual significance as baptism, 
only this is for the followers of Christ. 
We all feel many times that we should be 
rebaptized, for we need cleansing again, 
but our Lord makes it plain that feet- 
washing was given for that purpose. With 
all th:? e-xcuses to refrain or keep from 
doing what Jesus commanded, they will 
not erase the spiritual significance of this 

The second part of the Brethren Com- 
munion service is a fellowship meal. This 
meal is not to gratify hunger, because 
the Scriptures teach us "If any man 
hunger, let him eat at home" (I Cor. 11: 
31). On the meaning of the Lord's Supper, 
William M. Beahm, of Bethany Biblical 
Seminary writes, "Beyond doubt it is a 
ceremony of intimate fellowship, of social 
concourse at the highest level. Now, bio- 
logically, a meal is a process of getting 
energy into our organism. But we are 
men and not animals. All our eating has 
taken on a social and symbolical charac- 
ter. So true is this that when w^ eat alone 
we lose our appetite. Eating together is 
one of the highest and most intimate 
forms of fellowship. Any social group is 
more intimately knit together by sharing 
a common table. This is more intensely 
true among those simpler culture ', where 
they share a common dish. Our most in- 
timate f-iends are those we invite to eat 
with us. 

"On that night with his disciples, 
Jesus chose to eat a sacred meal with 
them. It was a meal closely related to and 
resembling the Passover, but it was clear- 
ly a new thing which h-^ instituted as an 
occasion of exquisite fellowship. The 

poignancy of it was intensified by the 
impending threat of the cross, on the one 
hand, and by the sinister presence of the 
betrayer, on the other. Jesus sought at 
this meal to bind His disciples to Him in 
everlasting bonds. He appears to have 
made a special effort, clear up to the end, 
to win Judas back into the fold of love. 
The conversation at the table was so un- 
surpassably beautiful and loving, so 
courageous and true, so penetrating and 
revealing, that a peculiar glow still hovers 
around the record of it in John 14-17. Here 
the heart of God is revealed as Jesus 
prays to the Father for those dearest to 

"In the early church at Corinth it was 
this intimate character of the Lord's sup- 
per fellowship which was violated. This 
led Paul to make his scathing judgment 
upon their schisms and parties. 'When 
therefore ye assemble yourselves together, 
it is not possible to eat the Lord's supper: 
for in your eating each one taketh before 
other his own supper' (I Cor. 11:20, 21). 
It also led him to set forth that great 
organic view of the church as the body 
of Christ. For Paul the body of Christ 
had 'parts but not parties.' Its essential 


April 12, 1969 

Page Seventeen 

unity was expressed in the precise and 
liarmonious relationships existing between 
the members. The name early given to 
such suppers when true to their intention 
was agape. This was a Greek word for 
love, but it was a distinctively Christian 
type of love which finds its highest joy 
not in what it gets but in what it gives. 
The love of the Lord's supper fellowship 
is an unself-regarding and outflowing love. 
The early Christians were so impressed 
by this fellowship that for centuries they 
partook of their eucliarist in connection 
with such a fellowship supper. 

"The early Brethren at Schwarzenau 
helped much to revive this practice as 
its claims and significance became clear 
to them. For the Brethren, as for the 
primitive Christians, the church was 
primarily a fellowship of folk bound in- 
timately by their common redemption and 
their living Lord. It was not merely a 
togetherness, but togetherness at the deep- 
est level and of the intensest quality. This 
is the essential meaning of the Lord's 
supper. It is probably the most character- 
istic sacrament of a church which holds 
the name of Brethren" (Booklet — The 
Brethren Love Feast ) . 

The final and climaxing part of the 
Brethren love feast is that part which is 
celebrated in common with other churches, 
the communion itself. It is sometimes 
called the "Eucharist" which comes from 
the idea of giving thanks. It is for this 
portion of the service that the two pre- 
ceeding acts are preparatory. We cannot 
have communion with the Lord without 
the cleansing symbolized in the feet- 
washing service, nor can we enter into 
communion with our Lord without a sense 
of lo\e and fellowship with our brethren. 
John says rather pointedly, "If a man 
say, I love God, and hateth his brother, 
he is a liar: for he that loveth not his 
brother whom he hath seen, how can ho 
love God whom he hath not seen" (I 
John 4:20)? 

"The bread and wine cannot be frag- 
ments of the literal body and blood of 
Christ, for when He said, 'This is my 
body' and 'This is my blood,' He was 
reclining at the table with His disciples. 
They would have understood that the 
bread and wine were only representative 
of His physical being, as a picture repre- 
sents the person whose likeness it repro- 
duces. This figure of speech was discussed 
by Jesus in His discourse on the bread of 
life: 'Except ye eat the flesh of the Son 
of man, and drink his blood, ye have no 
life in you' (John 6:53). His language 
created consternation among His hearers, 
who took it with absolute literality. Jesus 
provided the initial clue to its meaning by 
adding: 'As the living Father hath sent 
me, and I live because of the Father; so 
he that eateth me, he also shall live be- 
cause of me' (John 6:57). The relation 
between the Father and Himself was so 
close that the same relationship, expressed 
by the figure of 'eating' should obtain 
between Him and His disciples. When they 
grumbled at the obscure expression, He 
replied, 'It is the spirit that giveth life; 
the flesh profiteth nothing' (John 6:63). 
The eating of the material emblems is 
both a reminder and a pattern of this 
appropriation of the spiritual essence of 
Christ" (Merrill Tenney. Basic Christian 
Doctrines, page 259). 

The meaningful syinbols of the Bread 
and the Cup point both backward and for- 
ward. The backward reminds us that 
Christ died for us. This service then is a 
memorial of the atonement. "This is my 
body which is given for you: this do in 
remembiance of me" (Luke 22:19). 

Significantly, the Eucharist also points 
forward to the return of Christ. In I Cor- 
inthians 11:26, Paul records the words of 
our Lord, "For as often as ye eat this 
bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the 
Lord's death till he come." 

I'age Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelistt 

have had two very challenging mes- 
sages presented to us. Last night, Rev. 
Brian Moore spoke to us concerning 
"Discipleship in the City." This morning, 
Rev. Russell Gordon presented a message 
in connection with "Discipleship in the 
Village." This evening, let us and 
reflect together for a few moments, and 
bring out some thoughts relative to "Dis- 
cipleship in the Church" — not only in the 
local individual church, but also in the 
church of Jesus Christ throughout the 

I believe that we need to determine 
what a disciple is, in order that we might 
know what is required of us in carrying 
out acts of "discipleship" in the church. 
What is a disciple? I think that we have 
all been told and that we all understand 
that a disciple is a person who is a learner 
from or about Jesus Christ, and a follower 
of Him. Now, let us establish wliat a 
Christian disciple is. A Chri.stian Disciple 
is a person who knows what a disciple 
is, believes in it, adheres to it and prac- 
tices it. 

Probably one of the most debatable 
problems that Christian Disciples are fac- 
ed with today is: that they are not all 
totally in agreement upon the definition 
of what a Christian Disciple is. This is 
without a doubt a hindrance to Chris- 
tianity and discipleship throughout the 
world. Most Christians are saying that 
they know what a disciple is, but they 
don't all agree that it is the same thing. 
Therefore we need to, first of all, be a 
disciple, secondly, be a Christian Disciple, 
and be in total agreement as to what we 
are. We have to know, be and do all these 
things before we can e\en consider car- 
rying out acts of discipleship. To practice 
discipleship we must first of all be 

I was told today that approximately 40 
per cent of the city of Mulvane is employ- 
ed by Boeing Aircraft Company. I suspect 
that anyone who works at Boeing has to 
be qualified to process the work that is 
assigned to them each day, or they would 
not be kept on the payroll very long. 

Probably there is a school teacher 
among those who are present this evening. 
I'm sure that we all recognize the fact 
that a school teacher could not find a 
job anywhere if they were not qualified. 
As we make a comparison here, let us 
all recognize the fact that if we are going 
to practice discipleship in the church, 
we must be qualified to do the job. 






April 12, 1969 

Page Nineteen 

There are several conditions relative to 
"discipleshlp." Let's loolt into God's Word 
and examine ourselves according to the 
qualifications he has set forth concerning 
discipleshlp. One of the first conditions 
he has gi\'en us is self denial and cross 
bearing. This is a very important part of 
Christian living, in tliat it draws down 
to a very fine line what a Christian Dis- 
ciple is supposed to do. Matthew 1G:24 
tells us: "Then Jesus said unto his disci- 
ples, If any man will come after me, let 
him first deny liimself, and take up his 
cross, and follow me." Denying ourself 
and bearing our cross daily is one of the 
qualifications of discipleshlp. 

Another condition that God gives us 
according to Luke 14:26 is that of "renun- 
ciation." This seems to be a very de- 
manding I'equirement. "If any man come 
to me, and hate not his father, and 
mother, and wife, and children, and breth- 
ren, and sisters, yea and his own life also, 
he cannot be my disciple." This is one 
condition that brings about the disqual- 
ification of many Christians as far as 
discipleshlp is conderned. This particular 
verse of Scripture is spoken to men 
especially, in that it specifically states 
that a man must love Jesus Christ more 
than his fatlier. mother, wife or children. 

"Leaving: all" is another condition that 
we must be willing to abide by in prac- 
ticing discipleshlp." Luke 14:33 tells us: 
"So likewise, whosoever he be of you that 
forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot 
be my disciple." 

We are also required to be steadfast. 
John 8:31, "Then said Jesus to those Jews 
which believed on him. If ye continue 
in my word, then are ye my disciples 
indeed." This is a condition which requires 
a strong unwavering faith in daily living. 

John 15:8 gives us the last condition 
which is required of us. "Herein is my 
Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit: 
so shall ye be my disciples." This con- 
dition is the end result of being able to 
meet all the other qualifications which 
we have just discussed. We have to bear 
fruit if we are to be called His disciples. 

It seems that we are guilty of going 
around and playing a game many times. 
We have accepted Jesus Christ at one 
time. We go to church, we go to Sunday 
school, we go to prayer meeting, but 
that gets to be about it. This will not 
qualify us to be disciples. It is a 
part of that which is required of us, 
but it is only a small part. All these 
conditions which we have been studying 
here are the things that we have to 
do to be able to qualify ourselves to go 
out and practice "disciplesliip." 

As we have been told in the two mes- 

sages preceeding this evening there are 
a lot of "do's" and many "don'ts" that 
go along with the work of being a disciple. 
The "don'ts" are the ones that happen 
every day, and I think we need to be re- 
minded of them once in awhile. 

The life that a disciple or a Christian 
lives, the things they say and do, is a 
book that is read by the world, and we 
never know when this book is being read. 
Probably most of the men present liere 
this evening would agree that you can go 
down to the barber shop to get a liaircut, 
and if it happens to be a busy time when 
several men are present, many times you 
will hear the book of a Christian's life 
being read — openly. Too often I believe 
we are guilty of taking that which we 
liave been told there, going out and tell- 
ing the story to someone else and send- 
ing it on to be gossiped about further. 
Most all of the ladies here this evening 
have at one time or another been to the 
beauty shop. Usually they will come out 
of the place really loaded with gossip. 
Sometliing tliat we need to be aware of 
is that if we take this whicli we have 
heard into our ears, put it out of our 
mouth and tell everyone we see about it, 
then we have disqualified ourselves as 
far as practicing disciplesliip is concerned. 
Gossiping about and criticizing Christian 
brothers and sisters is not glorifying God. 
This is not discipleshlp. Prayer, Cliristian 
love and concern for these people whose 
character is being destroyed b.y gossip 
and criticism is the thing that God ex- 
pects of tliose who claim to be His 

Also in this day and age it seems that 
most of the news that we read and see 
on television is in some way connected 
with some sort of a demonstration. Some 
individual or group is continually demon- 
strating about something these days. I 
wonder what would happen if one of the 
presidential candidates came to Wichita 
and all of the Christian people of the 
area would go to the place where the 
candidate was to speak and put on a 
demonstration of discipleshlp in action. 
This is something that is needed in our 
country today. If Christians would just 
take the time to recognize the serious- 
ness of tlie situation this nation is faced 
with today, and be convicted of the fact 
that the lack of di.sciplesliip is probably 
tire main reason for the situation, I believe 
we would soon begin to see more em- 
phasis put on things of God and less on 
the things of the world. 

We accept Jesus Christ as our Lord and 
Savior, we promise Him that we will 
serve Him, glorify Him and do what he 
expects us to do. After all these promises 

I'age Twenty 

The Brethren Evangelisti 

it seems that we are guilty of tatting 
Him and putting Him in prison. We sit 
liere in tlie church building and tallc to 
each other about Jesus, but vvlien we 
leave the building we leave Him in here 
also. This is the same as putting Him in 
prison. We are not to tell eacli other 
about Him — we are to come to church, 
fellowship together, pray together and 
then go out into the city and village and 
tell the lost of the world about Jesus 
Christ and His saving power. This is 
discipleship: this is our God-given re- 

Another thought that we might con- 
sider is that the news we read and view 
today is filled with pictures of people 
who have let their hair grow; the men 
don't sliave emd they don't dress so well. 
Let us stop, reflect for a few moments and 
make a comparison here. As we look at 
some of the pictures on the wall of Jesus 
Christ, I believe we can see some sort 
of a sign, m that these so called "hippies" 
are trying to draw recognition by looking 
like someone wiio they know most people 
look at as someone who is good and well 
thought of. They are trying to do some- 
thing physical to make themselves resem- 
ble Him. There are far too many so-called 
Christians who are guilty of doing the 
same thing in a spiritual Vi'ay: just going 
througli tlie act or playing a game. It is 
rather strange that we very seldom see 
anyone trying to be like Him during His 
time of sorrow and suffering. If we ar.3 
going to be His disciples, we have to 
look forward to sorrow and suffering in 
our lives, just as mucli as we anticipate 
good health and happiness. 

If there is to be a strong Christian 
witn3ss in the world today, all of those 
people wlio claim to be disciples must 
bs willing to go out and present the gos- 
pel of love to the world, according to 
the conditions that God lias set forth in 
His Holy Word. 

In this time of imcertainty in our 
country, wlien sin and loose morals seem 
to be running rampant and many of the 
young people are rebelling against our 
way of life and obedience to the laws of 

the land, it is time for all Christians to 
ask themselves just who Is to blame. I 
believe that if there Itad been more true 
"discipleship" practiced in the past few 
years, this situation would not exist today. 
When those wiio have taken Jesus Christ 
as their Lord and Savior are willing to 
deny themselvcj and to bear tlieir crosj 
daily, when we are willing to renounce 
our loved ones and put Christ first in 
our lives, wlien we will "leave all" that 
we have in worldly possessions and b3 
steadfast and unmoveable in our faith, 
we will Iiave reached tlie point whereby 
we can begin to bear much fruit and 
therefore glorify God as He wants us to. 

I would like to challenge this Mid-West 
District Conference this evening to go 
home from here tonight and searcli out 
ourselves as individuals to see if we are 
qualified to be His disciples. President 
John Kennedy said one day that, "God's 
people that are living here on the earth 
are expected to do tlie work that He has 
for litem to do." With this thought in 
mind, let us as a conference be about 
our Father's work. May we all go forth 
from this place constantly endeavoring 
to meet the conditions that will qualify 
us to be disciples. Let us take the things 
wliich we have been reminded of liere 
and go out and put them into practice 
in our daily lives. Along with this, let 
us b?gin to carry out acts of discipleship 
wliich is simply telling others about 
Jesus Christ, what He has done and is 
going to do for those who wi'l accept 
Him and believe on Him. 

May each Brethren Church in the Mid- 
West District put into action by precept 
and example tlte lessons we have learned 
from God's Word. When all Christians 
everywhere become concerned about their 
fellow man, take Jesus Christ with them 
out into the liighways and byways and 
introduce Him to all who they come in 
contact witli, it is tlten that the effects of 
discipleship in the world will start to 
become noticeable to all people every- 
where. This is the only way that we can 
glorify God and begin to be fruitful in 
our Christian witness. 

This is the Moderator's address for the 
Mid-West District Conference which con- 
vened in Mulvane, Kansas, the early part of 
last October. Mr. Earl Clyburn is an active 
layman in the First Brethren Church of Fori: 
Scott, Kansas. He is also active in the districl 
organization as well as a member of the na- 
tional Missionary Board of the Brethrer 

April 13, 1969 

Page Twenty-one 

World Religious News 

in Review 


Elkins, VV. Va. (EP) — Failure to 
marry and reproduce in the society 
of Jesus' times was regarded as a 
serious sin, tlierefore tlie Divine 
Teactier may have been married and 
the father of children. 

The view is that of Presbyterian 
minister-professor Dr. William 
Phippj, writting in the current issue 
of the Journal of Ecumenical 

If Jesus had been a bachelor. Dr. 
Phipps contends, the Bible would 
surely contain some record of his 
being criticized for it. 

Jesus probably wasn't married 
during the last three years of hi.s 
life, the author stated, "but it's logic- 
al to infer that he had been married 
earlier and was a widower." 

There is no difference in the word 
for "wife" and "woman" in Greek 
translations of the Bible, Dr. Phipps 
said, "and the Bible often mentions 
Jesus being with a woman." 


Wiliiiing^ton, Del. (EP) — The 
Wilmington Church of the Brethren 
will refuse to pay the federal excise 
tax on telephones as a protest a- 
gainst the Vietnam war. 

The church council voted 8-6 to 
stop payment in accordance with a 
proposal submitted by the congre- 
gation's witness commission. 

The Rev. Allen T. Hansell, pastor 
said he has been withholding the 10 
per cent tax from his own telephone 
bill payments since March 196S. 

When the proposal was endorsed 
by the council, individual members 
were asl<ed to consider withholding 
their personal phone bills' tax. 

Robert Cain, Jr., chairman of the 
Witness Committee, said he had been 
told by Church of the Brethren 
headquarters, Elgin, III., that with- 
holding of the tax had been con- 
sidered by other congregations, but 

no action had been taken before the 
Wilmington Church's decision. 

The church council sent a letter to 
President Richard M. Ni.xon outlin- 
ing its action and urging him "to 
use all resources and power avail- 
able to you as President of the 
United States to achieve world 

Mr. Cain said the church is not 
against paying taxes to the govern- 
ment, but when the federal govern- 
ment restored the telephone excise 
tax in 1966, it was felt it was a tax 
"directly imposed to help pay for the 
war in 'Vietnam." 

He said the amount of money in- 
volved will be about only $14 a year. 


St. Loui.s (EP) — The 29 publish- 
ing houses in the Protestant Church 
-Owned Publishers Association were 
pictured here as "curiously uneasy 
about their future." 

Albert E. Anderson of Minnea- 
polis, national president, said "the 
nub of the anxiety is our recognition 
that we are moving into an era in 
which the hold of denominationalism 
upon pjople is waning fast." 

"It is not ecumenicity which 
causes this to happen," explained 
Mr. Anderson who is assistant gen- 
eral manager of Augsburg Publish- 
ing House in Minneapolis. "It is 
rather the ending of ethnic impor- 
tance, the lessening of sectarian 
doctrinal distinctions, instant com- 
munication, increased mobility, and 
a highly-developed educational sys- 
tem which is fusing this country in- 
to 0113 people." 

Mr. Anderson said he looked upon 
campus rebellion, civil riots and the 
generation gap as part of the con- 
fusion which comes when old struc- 
tures lose their hold. 


Hong- Kong (EP) — Like testi- 
monials among Christian believers. 
Chinese followers of Mao Tse-tung 

are bearing witness of healing from 
diseases as they look to their Com- 
munist leader. 

Missionary' Paul Kauffman here 
reports tliat a young man in China 
testified he was dying ox terminal 
cancer but through the constant 
repetition of the Thought of Mao, 
he is now completely well and back 
to work again. 

A pojtman in a remote province 
of Northeast China reportedly has 
become a national hero. The reason 
is that he blazed a trail through an 
almost impenetrable forest to deliver 
mail to Communist production teams 
and periodically carved words, "Long 
Live Chairman Mao" on the trees 
as he went along, thus enabling him 
to do what no other man had done 

Reds in Hong Kong miserably fail- 
ed in their military bid to take over 
the colony, Kauffman said, and are 
now turning to the program of Mao 
Thought whicli they hope will win 
the people ideologically. 

Quoting Mao's thought, they said: 
"We will retreat when the enemy 
advances and when tlie enemy re- 
treats we will advance." 


London (EP) — Rewriting of the 
Bible to bring it into tune with pres- 
ent day conditions was suggested in 
an address here by Dr. William Bar- 
clay, Professor in New Testament 
Studies at Glasgow University and 
nationally-known author and com- 
mentator on biblical questions. 

He spoke on "The Bible in the life 
of the Church today" at the Spring 
rally of the Baptist Men's Movement 
at Bloomsbury Central Baptist 

"It might be," he told the men, 
"that we have got to rewrite the 
Bible for the present generation to 
express first century things in 20th 
Century language." 

This did not mean the Bible mes- 
sage should be changed, but rather 
the words and pictures, he said. 


Upland, Calif. (EP) Twenty- 

five national and mission leaders of 
Guatemala gathered in Guatemala 
City by invitation of World Go -pel 
Crusaders to gear for a major thrust 
in the mission's "Every Creature" 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 

literature campaign. 

WCC President, Dr. C. Mer\in 
Russell, said the campaign started 
in November under the direction of 
Michigan teacher and athletic coach 
George Galbreath who is in the 
country under appointment of WGC. 

More than 100,000 copies of the 
Gospel of John in Spanish have 
already been distributed in the 
house to house blanketing. The 
book Manantiales en El Desierto. 
(Streams in the Desert i by WGC's 
founder Mrs. Charles Cowman, is 
well known to Latin Americans who 
are enthusiastically promoting the 
crusade when it comes to their coun- 
tries, Dr. Russell said. 

El Salvador was the most recent 
country covered with Gospels of 
John placed in some 480,000 homes. 
World Gospel Crusades will enter 
Puerto Rico, the Dominican Repub- 
lic this year and perhaps even Hon- 
duras and Puerto Rico with the 
literature blitz. 


IN U.S. 

Waslungton, D.C. (EP) — Unex- 
pectedly large numbers of the U.S. 
population are suffering from mal- 
nutrition, according to the first 
part of a government survey on the 
subject among poor Americans. 

Officals who studied medical tests 
on 12,000 individuals in Texas, Louis- 
iana, Kentucky and New York find 
that conditions are "worse than 

Senator George McGovern (D., 
S. Dak.), chairman of the Senate 
Select Committee on Nutrition and 
Related Human Needs, said he was 
"shocked" by the report. 

No cases of actual starvation were 
found, said Arnold E. Schaefer, 
chief of the nutrition program of 
the U.S. Public Health Service, but 
he said the condition of some pre- 
school children makes them "prime 
candidates for starvation." 


Wain Wright Village, Alaska (EP) 
For the first time, the New Testa- 
ments is now available to the Es- 
kimo-speaking people of the Artie, 
thanks to the work of Wycliffe 
Bible Translators and their collabor- 
ator here. 

Don and Thelma Webster, working 
closely with Eskimo Pastor Roy 

Alimaogak who died here last win- 
ter, produced the Inupiat New Test- 
ament for the multitudes of people 
who were without the Scripture in 
their own tongue. 

Eskimo has never been written. 
Entirely verbal, it is a language 
Eskimo youngsters learn in the 
home before going to schools oper- 
ated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs 
to learn English. 

The Websters also produced a 
simplified "Life of Christ," a color- 
ing book for children and a little 
history of the Eskimo people. The 
husband is the linguist while the 
wife prepares the art work. One 
child was born to them here and 
their oldest was buried here in the 
frigid territory where they were 
called to serve. 


Washington, D.C. (EP) - Sen. 
Everett M. Dirksen (R.-IU.) made 
good on his vow to carry his "pray- 
er amendment" fight to the Senate 
floor this year. Although he has 
filed bUls for three consecutive 
years, the issue has been largely 

Early in the session, as has been 
his practice, he filed a measure 
which would not make it unlawful 
to pray to God in a public building, 
including schools. 

Although, technically, informal 
non-compulsory exercises of this 
nature may be held in public places, 
the 1962 and 1963 prayer rulings 
of the U. S. Supreme Court, he said, 
have caused confusion and even the 
voluntary exercises have largely 

Sen. Dirksen needs at least two- 
thirds of those voting to approve 
the amendment before it can ad- 
vance to the states, of which at 
least 38 would have to approve 
through referenda within seven 
years of Congressional passage. 

Sliould the Senate pass the meas- 
ure, it also would have to pass in 
the House before advancing to the 


Harrisbnrg, Pa. (EP) — A reso- 
lution submitted to Pennsylvania's 
General Assembly would ask Con- 
gress to endorse a constitutional 
amendment permitting the recita- 

tion of the Lord's Prayer and the i 
reading of Bible verses in public 
schools. I 

The measure, introduced by Rep. 
William O. Shuman, (D.-Green 
castle), contends that the U.S. Su- ■ 
preme Court ban on prayer and 
Bible reading in schools is opposed 
by a "considerable segment of pub- 
lic opinion." 

The suggested constitutional a- 
mendment would permit the states 
to enact legislation to provide for 
religious exercises in public schools. 


Sacramento, Calif. (EP) — Be- 
cause she would not vote or serve 
on juries a foreign-born Jehovah's 
Witness has been denied citizenship 
in the United States, but she may 
appeal the decision. 

Mrs. Renate Nikola, 25, of Meadow 
Vista, California, was told by Judge 
Thomas J. MacBride: "It is settled 
that the granting of citizenship is 
a privilege and the burden is on the 
applicant to show his eligibility in 
every respect. 

The judge's order also denied 
citizenship to Mr. and Mrs. Norbert 
Matz of Sacramento but they pre- 
ferred to drop the matter. 

Mrs. Nikola said her determination 
to follow Christ prevented her from 
having anything to do with secular 


Washington, D.C. (EP) — "All we 
had left was religion" was the way 
one member of the crew of the 
U.S.S. Pueblo summed up the Amer- 
ican sailors' 11 months of captivity 
in North Korea. 

This was related by Navy Chief 
of Chaplains (Rear Adm.) James 
W. Kelly in "A Report to the Amer- 
ican Churches on the Religious Ex- 
periences of the Pueblo Crew." 

Entitled "Faith in a Stress Situa- 
tion," the account stated that the 
crew during their confinement "had 
moved in the direction of a deeper 
religious commitment, greater faith, 
and habitual prayer." 

Chaplain Kelly, a Southern Bap- 
tist, offered this summary of the 
religious experiences of the crew 
during its captivity: 

"Perhaps the religious experience 
of the Pueblo crew during the long 

April 12, 1969 

Page Twentj-three 

11 months of their captivity can bo 
summed up by saying that every 
effort to take away their faith in 
God only caused them to move in 
the direction of God. Every effort 
to subvert their faith only caused 
thorn to re-affirm it. I am certain 
that the men of the Pueblo would 
want to give full credit for this to 
Almighty God." 


Princeton, N.J. (EP) — Two per- 
sons in every three claim to be users 
of alcoholic beverages, according to 
the Gallup Poll here. 

The finding was only a percentage 
point under the result for 1966 when 
a 20-year high was reached. 

The proportion of female drinkers 
has climbed dramatically since 1939 
when the Gallup drinking audit was 
organized — from 45 to 57 per cent. 
Among men the percentage has in- 
creased only from 70 to 72 per cent. 


Jerusalem (EP) — A stone plaque, 
carried as hand luggage by Mayor 
Teddy KoUek of this oity was reveal- 
ed tx) be a marker on the 2,000-year- 
old grave of King Uzziah of Judah. 

About the dimension cf a good-sized 
atlas, the stone was bought from the 
Russian Church with the help of some 
friends who made the first payment, 
according to Jerusalem's mayor. 


Seattle (EP) - - An LSD-deranged 
youth of 17 ran through the streets 
here "like a maniac," officials said, 
and finally plunged through a win- 
dow fleeing hallucinations caused by 
the drug. 

Tire youth had been smoking mar- 
ijuana also when he took LSD. 

"I don't know," the young man 
told Supreme Court Judge Lloyd 
Shorett when asked if he was trying 

to commit suicide. "I lost my mind. 
Everything went freaky. I hated the 
world. I thought people were chasing 
me. I was afraid." 

A rimaway girl of 13 here was 
arrested with a prostitute and found 
carrying a switchblade knife. "I 
don't want to lie so I won't say any- 
thing," the girl replied to questions 
about drugs. 

A 17-year-old boy told the judge: 
"I won't be responsible for my ac- 
tions." He was booked on charges 
of check and credit card forgery. 

A boy of 12 dumped on the court 
by "fed-up" parents who couldn't 
cope with his running away. They 
didn't appear with the boy in court. 

A suitable place for living quar- 
ters were located for the boy. As 
he was later about to leave for de- 
tention camp he asked to speak to 
his parole officers "Tell my mom I 
love her," he said. 

Says we never were monkeys, but . . . 


"Evolution is no longer a theory but an established 

The words were those of the eminent British anthro- 
pologist Dr. Louis S. B. Leakey as he addressed sci- 
entists and laymen at Calteck here last Saturday. 

The son of missionary parents to Kenya, Dr. Leakey 
now directs the National Centre for Prehistoric and 
Paleontology in Nairobi where he has distinguished 
himself by extraordinary finds while digging in the 
Olduval Gorge of Tanganyika. 

Short of stature, white-haired and walking with the 
assistance of a cane, the 66-year-old expert on early 
man spoke fervently about his subject to an enchanted 
audience. He attempted to explode the theory that homo 
sapiens were evolved from apes or monkeys. Those 
mammals, he insisted, came from a common stock with 
each breaking away to develop themselves — monkeys 
about 40 million year ago, apes and pre-men each about 
20 million years ago. 

"You can say that we are very, very distant cousins," 
he added. 

What scientists had formerly described as likeness 
among early primates were actually between what Dr. 

Leakey calls a near-man and apes. He said the true 
homo sapien has nexer had the massi\'e protruding 
brow, long canine teeth, or the V-shaped palate lound 
in the ape. 

From his research in Africa, the scientist is convinced 
that protosapiens evolved in that area and then migrat- 
ed to Asia where the so-called Java man was discovered 
— another example of pre-man. 

He calls psycho-social man, which evolved 50,000 to 
100,000 years ago, the real beginning of the change 
from a near-man to a homo sapien. This was when the 
beginning of art, music and religion became a part of 
his life — and when conversation or a type of speech 
evolved around the fireside, Dr. Leakey said. 

What makes man different from any other mammal, 
he said, was his upright stance on well-balanced feet, 
his precision grip and computer brain. 

While campaigning for the "fact" of evolution, Dr. 
Leakey admitted that there is still "immense gaps yet 
to be filled of the history and culture of" He 
warned against over-specialization which "caused other 
animals to become distinct," and to use reason to sus- 
pend the destructive forces man has precipitated upon 

I'ag;c Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Cameron (Quiet Dell), VV. Va., Rev. 
C. Edward West, Jr., pastor, re- 
ports that a new ceiling is being 
installed in the sanctuary of th? 
church which will add much to the 
appearance of the church. 

Vandergrift (Pleasant View), Pa., 

Rev. John Young has been ap- 
pointed to the position of Minister 
of Christian Education for the 
church according to Rev. Arden 
Gilmer, pastor. Rev. Young is a 
member of the church and served 
as pastor during the months im- 
mediately before Rev. Gilmer 
moved to Vandergrift. 

Dayton (Hillcre-it), Oliio, Rev. VV. 
Clayton Berkshire, pastor, lias 
recently appeared on television 
presenting the morning "Inspira- 
tion" broadcast for a week. This 
is a local service of station WLW- 

Mansfield (Walcrest), Ohio, Rev. 
Spencer Gentle reports that the 
auditorium is completed, the car- 
pet is down and the pews will have 
been delivered by the time you 
read this. The congregation is 
hoping to be able to worship in 
the new building within a very 
short time. 

Several new members will be 
received into the church within a 
Sunday or two following occu- 
pancy of the new building. The 
congregation is most happy with 
the new building and the work- 
manship that has gone into it. 

Bryan, Ohio, Rev. M. W. Dodds, 
pastor, reports that Evangelistic 
Services will be conducted in the 
church the week of April 13-20. 
Rev. John Brownsberger of the 
Winding Waters Brethren Churcli 
in Elkhart, Indiana, will be the 

North Manchester, Ind., Mrs. Har- 
old W. Baker reports that due to 
the death of the vice moderator, 
Mr. Charles Ambridge, Mr. Dale 
McCauley was elected to fill the 
unexpired term. Also, Mr. and 
Mrs. Tom Burch were called to 
serve as Deacon and Deaconess. 
Rev. Woodrow Immel is the pas- 
tor of the church. 

Cedar Falls, Iowa, It has been learn- 
ed that Rev. Gene HoUinger, pas- 
tor, has just recently undergone 
spinal surgery for a slipped disc. 
Ho is doing real well and is now 

Tenipe (Papago Park), Arizona, The 

congregation has recently taken 
on the project of purchasing new 
pews for the sanctuary. The pews 
are to b3 delivered the week of 
May 26th. The congregation has 
done real well in the raising of 
funds for the project. 


SWENK. Mrs. Antoinette C. 
Swenk, aged 42, passed away on 
Wednesday, March 19, 1969. She was 
a member of the Pleasant View 
Brethren Church, Vandergrift, Penn- 
sylvania. The funeral was conducted 
by her pastor, the undersigned, on 
March 22, 1969, in the church. Inter- 
ment was in the Riverview Ceme- 
tery, Apollo, Pennsylvania. 

Rev. Arden E. Gilmer 

* t- r 

PRICHARD. Services were held 
for Mrs. Ada Prichard, 95 years old, 
at the First Brethren Church of 
Falls City, Nebraska, on March 5. 
1969, with Rev. Jack McDaniel in 
charge of the services. Mrs. Prichard 

passed away on March 3. She was 
a long-time member of the church, 
a true servant of her Lord and will 
be greatly missed. 

Mrs. F. P. Schroedl 

SUTTER. On March 18, 1969, 
funeral services were conducted b>' 
the undersigned for Mr. Amos Sut- 
ter, aged 85, who had passed away 
a few days before. He was buried in 
the lOOF Cemetery in Roann Ind. i 
Rev. Herbert Gilmer 

* * * ', 

WALTHER. Mr. Glenn Walther ; 
passed away on Friday, November j 

29, 1968, in Warsaw, Indiana. He j 
was a member of the First Brethren 
Church of North Manchester, Indi- 
ana. Memorial services were held in 
the church on Sunday, December 1, 
with Rev. Woodrow Immel officia- 
ting. Burial was in the West Man- 
chester Cemetery. 

Mrs. Harold W. Baker 

* * "■ 1 
AMBRIDGE. Mr. Charles Am- 
bridge, aged 63 passed away on Fri- 
day, December 27, 1968, in the Wa- 
bash Hospital, Wabash, Indiana. He 
was a member of the First Brethren 
Church in North Manchester, Indi- 
ana, where he was serving as vice 
moderator, chairman of the Board 
of Deacons, and president of the 
local Laymen's , Organization. 

Memorial services were conducted 
at the church on Monday, December 

30, with Rev. Woodrow Immel offici- 
ating. Burial was in the Oaklavvn 
Cemetery at North Manchester, Ind. 

Mrs. Harold W. Baker 

BOWSER. Mr. Wilbert Bowser, 
aged 77, passed away on Wednesday, 
December 18, 196S, at Kittanning, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Bowser was a 
member of the Brush Valley Breth- 
ren Church, Adrian, Pennsylvania. 
Funeral services were conducted by 
the undersigned and interment was 
in the Brush Valley Cemetery. 

Rev. Thomas Kidder 

* * T. 

CRISSMAN. Mr. Richard Criss- 
man, aged 49, passed away on Feb- 
uary 14, 1969, in Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. Crissman was a mem- 
ber of the Brush Valley Brethren 
Church, Adrian, Pennsylvania. Fun- 
eral services were conducted by thei 
undersigned and interment was in I 
the Brush Valley Cemetery. 

Rev. Thomas Kidder 


April 12, 1969 


Ann Clark of Moundsville and Sam- 
uel Ray Littell of Cameron, West 
Virginia, were united in marriage by 
the undersigned at the First Breth- 
ren Church of Cameron on February 
15, 1969. 

Mr. Littell is a member of the 
First Brethren Church. The couple 
will reside in Moundsville where 
both are employed. 

Rev. C. Edward West, Jr. 


Pittsburgh, Pa. — 2 by baptism . . . 
Gretna, Ohio — 3 by baptism . . . 
North Mancliester, Ind. — 9 by bap- 
tism . . . Lathrop, Calif. — 11 by 


Clairton, Pa. (EP) — This city's 
3,200 public school students report- 
edly have expressed themselves as 
being "almost unanimously" in favor 
of a new "course" that has been 
added to the curriculum. 

The course is called "Bible reading 
and prayer" and it was returned to 
classrooms in defiance of the five- 
year-old ban by the U.S. Supreme 

But Clairton is, as one observer 
put it, "not only in the Bible belt of 
the state, but it has the buckle on, 
too." So far not one protest has 
been heard in this community deep 
m the heart of the Monongahela 

Page Twenty-five 

Clairton's nine-member school 
board ordered revival of the Bible 
reading and prayer ceremonies. 
School Supt. Robert LaFrankie then 
sought legal opinions from county 
and state authorities. 

Impatient at inaction, residents 
bombarded the school office with 
calls urging compliance with the 
school board's order. 

The superintendent called a staff 
meeting and then announced a de- 
cision "to start the program immedi- 
ately. . . and take our chances. The 
worst that can happen is an 

Other Pennsylvania school dis- 
tricts have been "inspired by Clair- 
ton's stand on the issue, Mr. La- 
Frankie reported. 




TESUS ONCE SPOKE about those who had eyes and 
" did not see, and ears that did not hear. What 

did He mean? Perhaps He was talking about the men 
and women who He saw walking, talking, breathing — 
going through the motions of living — but men and 
women whose inner spirit had expired in a sad and sec- 
ret death. 

In discovering a discarded automobile tire lying by 
the roadside, and examining it further, it was evident 
that time and exposure to the elements had wrought 
their work of destruction. It had all the outward ap- 
pearances of a tire. It had the same form as when it had 
been a useful thing on the wheel of a speeding car. But 
as I was picking it up and trying to stretch or roll it. 
the tire broke and crumpled into a lifeless heap. Some- 
thing within it had died. It would not respond as a tire 
was supposed to respond. 

This useless object by the roadside has become to me 
a rather reproach-illustration. It represents going 

through the motions of life, while within, the real 
spirit is decayed or dead. All the eagerness and love 
that make a person more than beast has fled the out- 
ward form. Thus, when called upon, such a one does 
not behave as God has a right to expect creatures born 
in His image to behave. Having eyes, they see not; they 
have ears but they hear not; they have hearts but they 
feel not. 

A doctor said of one of his patients who had a linger- 
ing run-down condition: "He's not sick enough to be 
dead and not well enought to get any kick out of living." 

Perhaps the undertaker had this kind of person in 
mind when he put up a sign reading: "Why go around 
half dead when we can give you a lovely funeral for 
two hundred dollars?" 

Dear God, keep us alive as long as we live. This we 
ask in the name of Him who came that we might have 
life and have it in abundance. Amen. 

Page Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evangelist) 


J. Training School for 1969 has completed another 
very successful program. In its fifth 3'ear of operation, 
the school met for seven consecutive Monday evenings 
beginning January 13. One hundred and forty students 
were enrolled in the nine courses. 

At the first session, Rev. Fred Burkey, national Direc- 
tor of Christian Education, served as the keynote 
speaker. Registration and abbreviated class session; 
completed the first evening. 

The nine courses offered and their instructors were 
as follows: 

1. "Practice Teaching" by Mrs. Hubert Miller, Goshen 

2. "Brethren Church History" by Re\'. Bradley Weiden.- 

3. "How To Be A Camp Counselor" by Rev. Frank 

4. "Church Renewal" by Rev. John Brownsberger and 
Rev. Richard Allison 

5. "The Mission of the Teacher" by Rev. Waldo Gaby 

6. "Group Leadership" by Rev. Kent Bennett 

7. "Solving Problem.s in Christian Education" by Rev. 
John Byler 

S. "Daniel, the Prophet" by Rev. William Anderson 

9. "How To Study The Bible" by Rev. Charles Lowmater 

The school met in the Brethren churches at Goshen. 
South Bend, Elkhart, County Line, New Paris, Nap- 
panee and Warsaw. The host congregation provided re- 
freshments for the fellowship period following the 
class session. These times were profitable sharing ex- 
periences and enjoyed by all. 

Vital statistics for the school are as follows: 
Students attended from 12 different Brethren congre- 

Students enrolled 140 

Students awarded credit 122 

Staff members 10 

Average attendance 139 

"Practice Teacliing" 

taught by Mrs. Hubert Miller 

For next year, the school is giving careful consider- 
ation to the use of closed circuit TV. The program has 
already received tentative approval by the Indiana Dis- 
trict Board of Christian Education. The tapes will be 
prepared by Dr. J. R. Shultz, Professor Charles Munson 
and the Rev. Fred Burkey. Then the tapes would be 
viewed from a monitor by the local congregation. A 
discussion of the material presented would follow. It 
would be led by an appropriate member of the local 
congregation. At the completion of the course, students 
participating in a given geographical area such as 
northern Indiana, would gather for a mass rally with 
Dr. Shultz, Professor Munson and Rev. Burkey. 

Persons outside of the Indiana District interested in 
participating in this program should contact Rev. 
Richard Allison, the director of the school. 

"Daniel, the Prophet" 

taught by Rev. William Anderson 

April 12, 1969 

I'iige Iwenty-seven 

Fellowship Period 

Warsaw, Indiana 

Keystone Korner-- 

Items of Interest from the 
Pennsylvania District 

ACCORDING TO a recent report from Brother 
Thomas Kidder, the Junior Choir of the Brush 
Valley Church will present an Easter program on Palm 
Sunday evening. This program will be of special sig- 
nificance to the brethren at Brush Valley in that the 
choir robes will be dedicated to the Lord during this 
evening service. 

Recently the Board of Christian Education of the 
Pennsylvania District sponsored a Sunday School Clinic 
at the Third Brethren Church. The workshop was con- 
ducted by Mrs. Arthur Funkhouser of Gospel Light 
Publications. Approximately eighty-five folks were in 

A new Boys' Brotherhood orgainzation has come into 
being in the Pennsylvania District I The Pleasant View 
(Vandergrift) Brethren Church has recently added a 
Brotherhood to their roster of youth organizations and 
activities. We might add, that the Laymen's Organi- 
zation of the Pennsylvania District — through their dis- 
trict officers — are currently engaged in a campaign to 
get more churches to sponsor Brotherhood work in the 
local congregation. 

Each year the Sergreantsville Brethren hold a "Solo- 
mon Dinner" at which time money and pledges are re- 
ceived for the support of Joel Solomon. In reporting on 
the 1969 "Solomon Dinner" Brother Schwartz says, "We 
planned for 75, hoping we'd get 65, and the Lord sent 
us 85. Lower Lights Trio had a wonderful Christ-cen- 
tered program and beautiful chalk drawing." 

Several weeks ago a beautiful service of dedication 
was held for the new choir robes purchased by the 
Vinee Brethren Churcli. During the evening the choir 
wore their new robes for the first time, and sang six 
all-time favorite anthems which they had presented 
luring the past ten years or so. Gifts by individuals 
and organizations, plus the offering of the evening, paid 
for these beautiful new robes and stoles. 

On April 26 wedding bells will ring for Miss Maxine 
Bates (oldest daughter of the Vinco parsonage family) 
and Mr. Richard Craver. Maxine is currently studying 
at the University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of 
Library Science and will be employed by the Carnegie 
Library System when she completes her Master of 
Library Science requirements in August. While living 
in Pittsburgh she has been active in the work of the 
F"irst Brethren Church in that city. 

A Life-\\'ork Recruits' Retreat is planned by the 
District Board of Christian Education of the Pennsyl- 
vania District. This week-end gathering will be held 
at Camp Peniel on May 18-20. 

Henry Bates, Moderator 
Pennsylvania District 


ary 10. 1969. Following a fellowship dinner. Rev. 
Russell Gordon and Rev. Carl Barber, the evangelists, 
met with the congregation. 

The men of various churches of the community meet 
each Wednesday morning at 7 a.m. for a Lenten Break- 
fast. The Falls City Brethren Church was host to the 
men on March 12 with a very good turn out. 

The annual birthday party was held on February 21 
with about eighty in attendance. The dinner was en- 
joyed, the program was very good and the fellowship 
was great. The W.M.S. decorated the tables to represent 
the four seasons of the year and were in charge of the 
dinner. Each Sunday School class contributed a number 
for the entertainment. It was a very successful evening. 

Plans are underway for Vacation Bible School. The 
dates are June 9-13. Spring Communion will be held 
March 30. Plans are also in the making fof" the Mid- 
West District Camp. The Camp Board will meet on 
March 22. 

A note at the close of our bulletin last Sunday was 
intriguing, so I will pass it along — "A lot of kneeling: 
will keep you in good standing with God." 

Mrs. F. P. Schroedl 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangelists 



DON J. ODLE is in liis twenty-second year as basket- 
ball coach at Taylor University. Odle is a graduate 
of Taylor, has a Master's degree from Indiana Univer- 
sity, and has been named to Who's Who Among Ameri- 
can College and University Professors. He is one of 
four college coaches in Indiana to have won more than 
300 games. 

In 1954 he was named "Outstanding Young Man of 
the Year" by the Indiana Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
and was also chosen "Alumnus of the Year" by his 
alma mater. 

For 12 years he took a group of college stars on bas- 
ketball tours to the Orient and South America. This 
program, known as Venture for Victory, was awarded 
a medal by the Freedom Foundation of America, was 
acclaimed by Look Magazine and was cited in Congress. 
The VV teams compiled a record of 650 wins against 
28 losses. 

Odle also coached the Chinese Nationalist basketball 
team in the 1960 Olympics at the request of the Chinese 
government. He has traveled over a million miles in 
foreign countries including four visits to Viet Nam. 

In 196'f, Odle was named to the Indian Basketball 
Hall of Fame 25th Anniversary team. He led his college 
team in scoring all four years and still holds Taylor's 
baseball hitting record of .523. His senior year he re- 
ceived the Gates-Howard trophy as the school's out- 
standing athlete. He is a member of the People-to- 
People Sports Committee created by former President 

Dwight Eisenhower. He is the author of three books, am 
enthusiastic golfer, a member of Rotary, the President 
of Upland Chamber of Commerce, and is Public Rela^ 
tions Director for the United Fund. 

He will be appearing at the Indiana District Confer- 
ence in June. 


OUINTON EVEREST served as pastor for thirty) 
eight years and was in his 22nd year at the GosI 
pel Center Church in .South Bend, Indiana, when hd 
resigned July 1, 1965, to devote full time to radio worl 
and crusade evangelism. Also, "Your Worship Hour,' 
a broadcast founded by Mr. Everest is now in its 37tl 
year. Through a network of radio stations, millions o 
people are reached each week in many areas of thi 

Pastor Everest has served as president of the Missiom 
ary Society of the Missionary Church for nineteei 
years and has made seven trips to various mission field.' 
around the world. For the first six years of the exis 
tence of Bethel College (located in Mishawaka, Indiana 
he served as chairman of the Board of Directors. FO' 
the last fifteen years he has served as a board membe' 
and in various other capacities for the school. 

Reverend Everest served four pastorates and througl! 
these years has been engaged in church, camp meeting; 
and city-wide evangelistic campaigns, as well as mir- 
isterial conventions, etc. 

He will be appearing at the Indiana District Confeii 
ence in June. 

April 13, 1969 

Page Twenty-nine 




What does the Bible say about the new niorahty 
to modern youth? 

Fritz Ridenour, youth editor of Gospel Light 
Publications, expresses his views on this in his 
latest paperback, It All Depends, now on the mar- 
ket as a part of G/L's new high school curriculum 
and as a Regal book title. 

Cover art features four moderns, including a 
playboy bunny, carrying placards declaring "Make 
Love, Not War," "Act Responsibly in Love" and 
the query "Why Wait Till Marriage?" 

Ridenour describes the book as "a comparison 
of situation ethics and the Playboy philosophy 
with what the Biijle teaches about moi-ality." 


He says to the reader, "This is a book about 
morals, written essentially for Christians in the 
'under 25' generation. If you do not embrace the 
Christian faith or ai'e 'on the fence' we hope you 
will still take time to peruse the reasons given 
for the Biblical view of morality." 

The book, he says, "makes a frank analysis of 
two leading proponents of the new morality, Jos- 
eph Fletcher, author of 'Situation Ethics,' and 
Hugh Hefner, editor-publisher of Playboy maga- 
zine and author of the 'Playboy Philosophy.'" 
t Ridenour adds the comments, "While these men 
tdo not share the same views on sex and morals. 

both of them are highly articulate and write con- 
vincingly for their points of view." 

In the author's opinion "there is little question 
that Fletcher and Hefner have a great influence 
and impact on society. You may have never heard 
of Fletcher, or even Hefner (as popular as Play- 
boy magazine is) . You are, however, exposed dally 
to their ideas, viewpoints and beliefs." 


And he comments fuither, "All of us - Chris- 
tians or not - face the sticky situations that 
Fletcher claims to solve with his situation ethics. 
All of us face the temptations of selling out to the 
hedonistic pursuit of pleasure that Hefner advo- 
cates each month." 

Then in typical Ridenour style he says. "A lot 
of people - particularly the younger generation - 
are buying the full bill of goods called the "new 
morality.' And, let us face it, a lot of these people 
have 'grown up in a church.' You may well be one 
of them." 

He assures his potential readers, "It's not that 
you don't know the answers. You know that the 
Bible says, 'No sex outside of marriage.' But per- 
haps what is bothering you is why the Bible says 
this and what exactly are the real advantages of 
doing as the Bible teaches? 

"In other words, whv is it worth it to stav virgin 

Page Thirty 

The Brethren Evangelist ] 

until you are married when most of your friends 
seem so worldly-wise, so 'experienced' in the game 
of life?" 


These questions Ridenour considers "valid." But 
he contends, "They can't be answered with simple 
pronouncements of righteous faitli." 

And he points out, "Hefner and Fletcher apjieal 
to the natural desire of any human personality - 
to be free, to be independant, to make decisions 
on its own. But they are wrong, and not simply 
'because the Bible says so.' 

"They are wrong because of one other basic 
ciiaracteristic of 'being human.' We demand our 
freedom, but we want guidance and help. We 
boast of our achievements, but we are morally 
blind, and in our candid rational moments, we 
know it." 

His emphasizing that "we are living in a sex-hap- 
py society is news to no one today. Sex surrounds 
and bombards the average — in clothing styles, ad- 
vertising, films, books and magazines. The sexual 
revolution is on. The new morality has supposedly 
replaced the old rules and religious taboos." 


And he says, "It all Depends" attemps "to lay 
the choice concerning right and wrong clearly on 
the line of critiquing the 'bill of goods' being sold 
to the puljlic by the purveyors of the 'free mor- 

He emphasizes, "When it comes right down to 
the 'nitty gritty' - 'Should I pet, lie, cheat, steal, 
etc' - no one can let the church or any other insti- 
tution do his deciding. Jlorality is, after all, a mat- 
ter of 'it all depends.' 

"Some say, 'Sure you're free to use sex as yeu 
see fit, married or not. Find someone with your 
point of view and enjoy yourself.' 

"Others say, 'Be a cool head, what you do is 
your own business as long as nobody gets hurt.' 

"But what does the Bible say? And why? The 
Bible lays the subject out in the open. The choice 
is up to you. 

"It all depends. . ." 

Mr. Ridenour's conviction is that "we must help 
teenagers where they are." And it is this convic- 
tion that led him into Gospel Light's Youth De- 
partment in 1965 as editor. He joined G/L's staff 
in 1959 as Managing Editor of the award-winning 
TEACH magazine which he helped bring into 
being. Ridenour, a native of Waukegan, Illinois, 
graduated with an outstanding record as an athlete 
from High School in Zion, Illinois, having earned 
11 letters in athletics. He was awarded a scholar- 
ship to Whitworth College in Spokane, Washing- 
ton, where he graduated magna cum laude with a^ 
B.A. degree in Journalism. He served as News 
Editor on the i\Iinnetonka Herald in Wyzata, Min- 
nesota, prior to joining the G/L staff. 

Ridenour has worked as a 7th grade teacher 
and as Superintendent of the 8th and 9th grades 
in the Junior High Department of the Glendale 
Presbyterian Sunday School. Presently he is at- 
tending the La Crescenta Baptist Chui'ch where 
he is working in the High School Department. 

Ridenour and his wife, Jacquelin, ai'e the par- 
ents of a daughter, Kimberly, 9, and two sons, 
Jeffery, 8, and Todd, 5. They reside at 3336 Hen- 
rietta Avenue, La Crescenta, California. 

Gospel Light News Release 
Dateline: March 17, 1969 

NOTE: Churches may want to explore the possibili- 
ties of using this new study by Fritz Ridenour 
for sessions other than Sunday School classes. 
It could be a profitable study for youth groups, 
mid-week studies, electi\e classes, etc. 


AT CHRISTMAS the Meyersdale youth presented a 
one-act play entitled "O Holy Night." This was the 
first venture for our youth along this line and we en- 
joyed doing it. The offering received was donated to the 
"Paula Pyle Fund." This was a fund established to help 
a 16-year-old girl in our county to have a kidney trans- 

For our social activity for the month of January the 
Junior Hi youth went swimming at Indian Lake. This 

is a popular ski slope in our county with an indoor 
swimming pool. We really enjoyed this in the coldi 
month of January. Burrrrr! was it cold when we went 
outside to get into cars to return home. 

Our group devoted a meeting in January to an ana- 
lysis and understanding of the Brethren Youth Cov- 
enant. Each of the members explained one paragraph 
to those present. 

We are beginning plans for our public worship service 
in May. 

Thomas Hoffman, V. President 

April 12, 1969 

Page Thirty-one 


""TWE Senior BYC of Hagerstown, Maryland, decided 
1 to have our parents for a meeting. It was called 
Parent's Night. 

The leader for the evening was Debbie Jolms. Donnic 
Mumma and Lon Ramsey read the teenage Scripture. 
Mrs. Dahlhamer read the parents Scripture. 

After the devotions we had a fun panel. Our Minister 
of Christian Education, Rev. Dale Long, asked ques- 
tions of parents and the parents answered as to how 
they thought their teen-ager might answer. The teen- 
agers were out of the room. Then this was reversed and 
the teen-agers got to express their opinions. 

Those participating in the parent-teen panel were 
Mrs. Rachel Ramsey, Don Ramsey, Mrs. Julia Humel- 
sine, Mrs. Marie Dahlhamer, Blynn Dahlhamer, Mrs. 
Patsy Johns and Debbie Johns. 

Everyone had a wonderful time without anything 
being thrown. No one knows what happened after every- 
one returned home. 

The meeting was closed with refreshments donated 
by the parents. 

Debbie Johns, secretary 


""pHE BYC of Brush Valley Brethren Church invited 
1 Johnstown, Pittsburgh and Vandergrift Churches 
to their Februarj' social. There was a great turnout. 
Pittsburgh had 27, Johnstown 13 and Brush Valley 6.5. 
The decorations were cherries and hatcliets for George 
Washington's birthday. 

We had an old-fashioned song fest with the Johns 
Family and Terry Croyle playing guitars. Everyone 
joined in the singing. The remaining portion of the pro- 
gram Rev. Godwin from Pittsburgh Church brought a 
challenge to the youth. Refreshments were served and 
lots of good Christian fellowship was enjoyed. 



■ I 'HE first meeting of the new year was August 25, 
1 19GS, and election of officers was held. The officer.', 


President Larry Humbarger 

Vice President Rick Voorhees 

Secretary -Treasurer Joy Duff 

Ass't. Treasurer Rhonda Richardson 

Turkey Run State Park was the destination of tlie 
BYC on September 8. Both the Junior and Senior groups 
went. We took our own sack lunch and had our supper 
at the State Park. 

On September 29 the BYC groups invited their par- 
ents to tlie meeting. The program was conference and 
camp reports. The reports were followed by a film and 

Our church held its annual Rally Day on October 13. 
The youth provided special numbers for the program. 

To make money, our group made and sold noodles 
and angel food cakes. This busy day was Novemebr 13. 

On November 30, our group traveled to Warsaw, 
Indiana, to the Youth Banquet. The delicious meal and 
delightful program was enjoyed by those attending. 

A film on drugs and narcotics was shown at Burling- 
ton, Indiana. 

For Christmas our group sponsored a carry-in supper 
on December 15. The youth had a program following 
the supper. To watch the new year come in, our group 
held a party for the church. Some of the games enjoyed 
were "The Dating Game" and "The Newlywed Game." 

Joy Duff, secretary 

Musical , grot! i "i Brush Valley 
entertain guests 

ON FEBRUARY 23 the Johnstown Second Brethren 
Youth and our advisors journeyed to Brush Valley 
Brethren Church. We joined in a fun night with Pitts- 
burgh Brethren Youth and Brush Valley Youth. Our 
host was Rev. Tliomas Kidder. We were thrilled to have 
an attendance of 105 which filled the church to capacity. 
Due to the crowd, the games which were planned had 
to be canceled and we all joined in on a music jamboree. 
We were entertained by a special music group from 
the Brush Valley Church. Devotions were given by Rev. 
Richard Godwin. It turned out to be a most interesting 
and enjoyable evening. 

Our youth group also went roller skating and had a 
bowling party. 

Some of the projects this year have been the selling 
of Christmas candles and calendars. We are planning 
the "Thirty Pieces of Silver" project for Easter and 
our youth will also be in charge of an Easter sunrise 

Kathy Miller, president 

Page Xhirty-two The Brethren Evangelist 

Daily Vacation Bible School 


Our bookstore will have in stock a complete 
supply of materials for your Daily 
Vacation Bible School for 1969. 

We carry materials from - 

Please order the bulk of your material 
from your own bookstore! We will 
give you 10% on your orders and will 
send to you prepaid. The usual items 
are returnable. 

Order from: 


524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

ine 'Stet^A^tt 


View of the new Arizona Brethren Campsite 

Vol. XCI April 26. 1969 

No. 9 

TCe. "B'tctUcit 

; lL^P^»IiJ 



Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionai-y Society 

Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization 

Mr. Floyd Benshoft 

Missionai-y Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisteriiood Miss Kathy Miller 

Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Miss Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Published bivveelcly (twenty-six issues per year) 

5'i4 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 
54.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three vveelcs in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Uemittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Committee: 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Pooi-baugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

in This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "What Color Is Your Conduct'.'" ... 3 

Board of Christian Education 

Promotional Materials 4 

The Missionary Board 11 

"The Ephrata Cloister" 
by Sharon Walk 15 

The Brethren Layman 19 

World Religious News in Review 22 

Ordination of Mr. James L. Fields 24 

Sisterhood Program Materials for May 25 

Signal Lights Program Materials for May 29 

"The Mechanics of Seeking a Pa.stor" 
by Rev. Smith F. Rose 30 



WE WISH to take this means to congratulate 
Mr. and Mrs. K. Prasantha Kumar upon the, 
birth of a daughter on Thursday morning, Aprfj 
10, 1969. She was born at the Samaritan Hospital 
in Ashland, Ohio, and weighted in at 5 pound; 
and 14 ounces. She has been named Shanth: 

"Kumar" as he is known in our denomination 
is a student in the Ashland Theological Seminary 
having come here from India. During the! 
Christmas vacation of 1967, Kumar went back td 
his homeland and returned with Mrs. Kumar 
Last summer they lived in Hagerstown, Mary 
land, where Kumar served as assistant pastor. ; 

They now live at 80 Samaritan Ave., in Ashland 


When you arise on Sunday morn 

Do you begin like this? 
"I don't think it will matter much 

This one Lord's day to miss." 

And then ne.xt Simday roils around, 

"It's such a lovely day. 
Let's just stay home from church again 

And spend the day at play." 

Then pretty soon you're in a rut; 

A habit you've begun. 
Instead of worshipping the Lord 

Your heart seeks naught but fun. 

If your conversion meant as much 

As it should mean to you. 
Then you'd be there each Sunday with 

Your family in that pew. 

Norman McPherson 

April 26, 1969 

Page Three 



'^^\\ai Qolor Is Your Bondiicf 

MR. NORMAN B. ROHRER, Director of the 
EP News Service recently had tiie followino- 
item in his news service: 

"How long has it been since you did something- 
nice for another person, without hoping for a little 
favor in return? 

"Too long, says Professor Ray L. Birdwhistell, 
if you're like most citizens of our society today. 

"The senior research scientist at Eastern Penn- 
sylvania Psychiatric Institute sees our whole social 
stiTicture in shades of blackmail, graymail and 

"In an article for the New York Times he des- 
cribes blackmail in classic teiTns : 'I will do some- 
thing bad for you if you don't do something good 
for me.' Graymail, he suggests, is: 'I will do 
something bad to you if you do something bad to 
me.' Whitemail is simply: 'I will do something 
good for you if you do something good for me.' 

"Since blackmail is well understood. Dr. Bird- 
whistell does not linger over it. But graymail is 
another matter. Whole families and churches and 
clubs operate on this principle, he chai'ges. 'The 
agreement is that I'll supply you with evidence 
that I'm at fault if you supply me with evidence 
that you're at fault.' 

"Another typical example of graymail, he says, 
is 'the collusi\'e behavior of conflicting groups 
within a larger social framework, such as militant 
students dependent upon the behavior of the 

"Whitemail, to the professor, is the most in- 
sidious of the three collusions. He finds it endemic 
on college campuses and suggests 'it can go all 
the way from "I will use you in my footnotes and 
recommend you if you init me in your footnotes 
and recommend me.'" 

"Whitemail. graymail and blackmail are always 
closed engagements, the professor says. They are 
aljsolutely dependent not only on e.xcluding others 
but on others being willing to be excluded. All 
three demand an inviolaljle frontier. 

"Professor Birdwhistell left out the most im- 
portant category. It is the 'rightmail.' For the 
Christian, its guidelines i\i-e found in the words of 
the Apostle Paul: 'I try to please eveiyone in all 
that I do, with no thought of my own good, but 
for the good of all, so that they might be saved.' 

"That kind of conduct will put a little color into 
your life." 

And then there is the Golden Text as found in 
Matthew 7:12: "Therefore all things whatsoever 
ye would that men should do to you. do ye even so 
to them: for this is the law and the prophets." 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelist 




Assistant to the Director 
of Cliristian Education 


by Fred Finks 

YOUTH ARE the building material of the 
Church of the future. Thus, it is vital to the 
growth of the Church that the young people are 
adequately prepared to handle this responsibility. 
Consideration should be rendered to meet the 
needs of the youth in their problems today. When 
the teenager sees that he can turn to the Church 
for solutions to his problems, the gap between 
Church and youth will be bridged. 

Far too often the youth in the Church are ne- 
glected by well-meaning lajaiien. Instead of re- 
straining the talents of the youth, the Church 
should he building upon these resources. If the 
Church would use these aliilities of their youth, 
there would undoubtedly he a change. This may 
help to draw in the teenagers who are dropping out 
of the Church. Teenagers ai-e increasingly ques- 
tioning the standards of today's civilization. They 
want more than, "because" ; they want to know 
why things are the way they are. Instead of sup- 
pressing this inquiring nature, the Church needs 
to supply the answers. An active force of young- 
people can be created by a personal involvement. 

Place some emphasis on the youth as a person 
and search out his interests. The teenager will 
become interested in the Church when he sees 
that the Church is interested in him. 

May is Youth Month in The Brethren Church. 
May 18th is Youth Sunday when the young people 
plan and present the total church program. The 
May Youth Offering is used by the Board of Chris- 
tian Education for a more effective Youth Min- 

We feel this program is extremely important 
to the growth of The Brethren Church. If we are 
to move forward it will take dedicated men and 
women working together. It will also take the 
support of the next generation to keep The 
Brethren Church moving forward and to carry on. 
That is why the emphasis on the youth. They are 
important not only in the future but now ! 

If you are concerned about our church, support 
the youth in your church. Take an interest in 
what the youth are doing and give as though your 
church's life dei^ended on it ... it does ! 

April 26, 1969 

Page Five 


Photo hi/ Rrr. rhiniH ii .m 

The entrance to the new Arizona Brethren Campsite is an open doorway 
to the future of young people in the Southwestern District. Here they will 
meet God, be trained and make life-lasting decisions. 

Goal: $14,000 

Photo hij Rev. Duane Dickson 

"The Great Southwest" with its vast capital metropoUs of Phoenix (shown 
here by night from Camelback Mountain) is experiencing gigantic popula- 
tion growth - people who can be reached for Christ through the ABC camp- 
ing program. 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Scene from the Cathedral Filmstnp CHRISTIAN CAMPING 

CAMPING is a vital aspect of tiie youtli ministry 
of The Bretliren Church. We have a long record 
of camping while this type of ministry is the "newest 
thing" in some denominations. Camping, like most 
other activities, is in a state of continual change and 
The Brethren Church needs to evaluate its program of 
camping to meet the demands and standards of today. 
Most camps are acutely aware of state regulations 
being pressed upon them but are we always aware of 
the needs of our campers and how to fulfill them? 

In an effort to help our camp personnel, the national 
Board of Christian Education has added to its film- 
strip library a series of camping filmstrips. These 
Cathedral filmstrips are especially good for preparing 
the camp staff for their work. They are: 

N-2 Objectives — Christian Camping- - 49 frames, 
color draws, rec. & man., adult, 
11 min. 
Tliis filmstrip follows Camp Director Dick 
as he presents features and reasons for Chris- 
tian camping-. He is "on the spot" in opening 
scenes, attempting to sell a church board on 
the value of camping. Reluctant board mem- 
bers are not easily persuaded, but do listen 
attentively as Dick presents liis case for 
Christian camping. 

N-.j Administration — Chiistian Camping - 50 
frames, color draws, rec. & 
man., adult, 12 min. 
Filmstrip begins as the Camp Committee se- 
lects Dick as Camp Director. His numerous 
duties are presented and patterns ai'e offered 
for efficient camp administration. The ad- 
ministrative staff members are introduced 
and their contributions to the practical and 
spiritual ministries of camp highlig-hted. 
Camping is shown to be not without its hum- 
orous highlights. 



The Counselor — Christian Camping - 4 
frames, color draws, rec. 
man., adult, 10 min. 
Filmstrip opens with Camp Director Dick 
anticipating the arrival of the camp staff fori 
the pre-camp training sessions. Andy soon 
appears, a first-time counselor. His progress 
throug-h the training session is pictured as he 
learns camping techniques and skills and re- 
ceives spiritual preparation for his camp 

continued on page 10 —^ 


Ipril 26, 1969 

Page Seven 


Phnto hii Mike HiirrI 

TALK-IN '68. Shown above are the participants of Talk-In '68 held at 
Ashland Theological Seminary, June 22-23. They are: Front: Deanna 
Solomon, Ashland; Carol Deeter Geaslen, Dayton; Randy Smith, Goshen. 
Second Row: David Benshoff, Hag-erstown; Ruth Ingraham, Ashland: 
Greg Hooley, New Paris. Third Row : Jimmy Geaslen, Washington ; Evelyn 
Ingraham, Ashland; David Radcliff, Johnstown III. Fourth Row: Dr. J. R. 
Shultz; Frederick J. Finks, Maurertown; Dennis Yoder, New Paris. Fifth 
Row: Paul Carey, Pleasant Hill; Fred Burkey. 

Photo hy Mike Hurd 

YOUTH COMMUNION at General Conference. 

rage Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 



I'holo by B)uce Dodds 

ference. Shown above are Chris Harding, Ashland (batter) ; David Bamhai't 
Gratis (on deck) ; umpire, Rev. John B. Mills, Waynesboro. The Ohio Dis- 
trict team came away the winner. 


Rev. Richard Kuns was one of several 
adult leaders who participated in oui' 
"Snowless Snow Ball" in December at 
Pipersville, Pa. In all, fifty-seven high 
schoo 1 and college youths from the 
Southeastern, Pennsylvania, Ohio and 
Indiana districts participated. Spiritual 
enrichment, frank discussion and winter 
recreation were important parts of the 
Snow Ball. 

Photo by Bruce Dodds 

April 26, 1969 

Page Nine 

Rev. Donald Rinehart (chairman of the 
Youth Commission of the Board of Christian 
Education) and his wife, Janet, provided ex- 
cellent leadership for the Snow Ball singing-. 
Others in this picture are David Benshoff 
(lower right), Rev. Richard Allison (back- 
ground), and Ray Allison. 


Phase II 

' I 'HE Boai'd of Christian Education has pro- 
^ duced a filmstrip entitled Operation Infor- 
mation which gives a total picture of the work of 
the Board. This filmstrip is in color and has a 
reading script. Various Board members have or 
will be contacting churches to show Operation In- 
formation and explain in further detail the scope 
of our Christian education ministry. 

A large portion of the Board's work is done in 
the ai'ea of youth services. May is the month The 
Brethren Church emphasizes this work and sup- 
ports it financially through the May Offering. Be- 
cause of our growing concern for the youth of the 
church and lack of staff to meet this need, Mr. 
Fred Finks has been hired as Assistant to the 
Director of Christian Education on a part-time 
basis to specialize in the youth rninistiy. Fred is 
already hard at work on several areas of oui- youth 
program such as Life Work Recruits and National 
Youth Conference. 

To provide continued and expanded services in 
the work of Christian education for The Brethren 
Church, especially for young people, our budget 
of $30,000 per year must be met. President of the 
Board, Rev. Carl Barber, has contacted each 
church to remind them of their current rate of 
giving for the Boai'd of Christian Education. Total 
giving from all churches across the l)rotherhood 
only adds up to $20,000 per year and the little 
amount of reserve funds the Board now possesses 
will be dissipated in two yem-s if the current rate 
of spending and giving holds at the same level. 
Therefore, the Board can operate only on limited 
time in the black before services will have to be 
cut unless each person of The Brethren Church 
increases his giving to the Board of Christian 
Education. The office staff and Board stand ready 
to help the church grow in the 20th Centuiy . . . 
do you care enough to give your very best ? 

Page Ten 

— ctDilumed from page li 

N-5 The Program — Christian Camping - 50 
frames, color draws, rec. & 
man., adult 11 min. 
Filmstrip presents Camp Director Dicli lec- 
turing in a college camping course. Witla assis- 
tance of his flipcards he shows the pattern 
for establishing a camp program consistent 
with its objectives through four steps: Deter- 
mining Camp Objectives, Selecting Pi'ograni 
Pattern, Considering Program Principles, and 
Clioosing Program Elements. Questions from 
bright College students l\eep Dick alert and 
add interest. 

Any of these filmstrips can be ordered from: Board 
of Christian Education, 524 College Avenue, Ashland, 
Ohio 41805, for a rental fee of $1.00 each. Please order 
at least two weeks prior to showing date. Information 

Tlie Brethren Evangelist 

you should include when ordering is: number of fUm- 
strip and its title, date it is to be shown, name and 
address to whom it should be sent and billed and a 
:;econd and third choice of dates and/or filmstrips. 

The filmstrip library maintained by the National 
Board of Christian Education now houses over 700 
filmstrips available to churches on a rental basis. Con- 
sult the Christian Education Manual at your church 
for a listing of the filmstrips or if your church does 
not have the Manual, order at least two copies from 
our office. Each church should have the Manual avail- 
able with Its materials on Christian education includ- 
ing Church School, Leadership, Brethren Youth, Camp- 
ing, and the Filmstrip Index. Other Christian education 
items sent monthly can also be inserted in the large 
three-inch-ring notebook Manual as well as the regular 
additions to its sections. A contribution of $2.50 per 
Manual would help us defray the cost of initially pro- 
ducing the Manual which will give you years of benefit 
in your local Christian education program. 

The Super Race? 


ALBERT EINSTEIN once said: "If my theory of 
relativity is correct, the Germans will call me a 
German and the French will call me a citizen of the 
world. But if it fails, the French will call me a German 
and the Germans will call me a Jew." 

Is it that tough being a son of Abraham? British 
physicist and controversial novelist C. P. Snow doesn't 
think so. A glance at the list of Nobel Prize winners 
during the last 25 years, to use a crude criterion, proves 
a point the esteemed scientist is prepared to back up: 
Jews excel in every human endeavor. Why? 

"There is something in the Jewish gene-pool which 
produces talent on quite a different scale from, say, the 
Anglo-Saxon gene-pool," says Lord Snow. 

The Jewish environment makes for the utmost use 
of talent, he .stated in a Founders' Day address at the 
Jewish Institute of Religion in New York. "The Jew 
started out with two strikes against him. Tliat mean;? 
he will struggle through where others don't. In less 
oppressive societies, like the United States or the United 
Kingdom, one might expect the explosion of talent in 
due course to lose its force. But this just doesn't happen. 

The same astonishing performance from tlie Jew turns 
up in whatever kind of human excellence you examine. 
One would like to know more about the Jewish gene- 

About the State of Israel Snow said: "Israel has to 
live." He pointed out that "Jews and Muslims can live, 
and have lived, harmoniously together — particularly if 
there are barbarous and bloodthirsty Christians some- 
where near." He suggested that acceptance by the 
Soviet Union and the United States of responsibility for 
resettling Palestinian Arabs "would remove one of the 
ulcers of the world." 

If the Jews do indeed have superior genes, what irony 
it is that Nazis a generation ago killed more than six 
million of them to make way for the Aryan "super 
race"! And how logical it suddenly becomes that in 
Abraham "shall all the families of the earth be blessed." 

But the second sight of the spiritual society sees not 
good genes or bad, not Germans or Frenchmen or citi- 
zens of the world but "all one in Christ Jesus." Thank 
God it do?sn't take a pool of superior genes to achieve 
that all important goal. 


Ephesians 3:18 


ApiU 26, 1969 

P:ise Eleven 



THE PRESENT Ten Dollar Club call, open until 
June 30, 1969, is for the Chandon Brethren 
Chui^ch at Herndon, Virginia. Reverend Richard 
Kuns reports that three more families of his 
church have joined the Ten Dollar Club, and only 
one happens to be a member of the church at the 
present time. How many new Ten Dollar Club 
members have you recruited at your church? 

Higher costs and greater indebtedness in start- 
ing Brethren Chui'ches often necessitate a second 
Call to alleviate the financial burden of these 
young mission churches. Let's stand behind these 
new converts and first generation Brethren at 

Herndon and show them that Brethren stand to- 
gether in the faith. 

To date we have received $6,400 toward the 
Call for the Chandon Church. Try to get your con- 
tribution into the Board office before June 30th. 
Go over the top with more than $11,500, our pres- 
ent all-time high for one single Call. 

Encourage others to support the extension pro- 
gram of The Brethren Church, for it is only 
through a stronger home base of churches and 
greater membership that we have increasing sup- 
port for our world missions program. Talk to 
others about this great need ! 


i ■ ~1^ 

■~i»- *•• 

Hi .T h f$ 


\ \i rj"™"!^!! 


Papre T\vel\e 

The Brethren Evang:elist 


■"THE THEME of the Spiritual Conference in February 
1 was "The Brethren Church in Argentina and Mis- 
sionary Outreach." A leading Plymouth Brethren lay- 
man, Senor Adenmatten, was the speaker for this 

The meetings of the conference were chiefly dedicated 
to reviewing the present five-year plan and making 
preliminary plans for the next five-year plan to begin 
in 1970. Their proposal for the new Five- Year Plan is 
to have si.x new churches functioning and at the same 
time start annexes (branch- or dependent churches on 

a mother church) by local churches in their own zone 
of influence. In addition they look forward to sending 
at least one missionary outside their own country. 

The new budget indicates the churches are becoming 
more self-sufficient with a gradual reduction in sub- 
sidy from the Missionary Fund. 

Greetings had been sent to the Spiritual Conference 
by the Solomon and Curtis missionary families now in 
the States and by Virgil Ingraham, General Secretary 
of the Missionary Board. 

Oscar Vena, pa.stor of Villa Constituclon Church, presenting: 
Juan Cortes, Treasurer of Florencio Varela, with medal as a 
member of the Order of the Lazy Turtle, a recognition for 
treasurers who have sent in reports late several times during- 
the year. 


April ^6, 1969 

Page Thirteen 

\n afternoon meeting lield outside. Tlie Evangelistic Mobile 
Equipment sound system was used and one evening the 
icreen was put into service for projecting a film. 


by Nellie Rivero 

The newly elected commission for the National Women's Organization, 

Sociedad Misionera de Senoras. 

Left to right: Rebeca Anton, Maria Lahanca, Nellie Rivero and Amelia 


PE Woman's Missionary Society met February 17 
at Eden during the Spiritual Conference. It was 
blessed experience for all. It was led by the President, 
vngela Martin. Devotions were given by Eva Arregin. 
'he Scripture was taken from Matthew 22:37-40 and 
Ixodus 20. Each society gave a report of the work they 
ad been doing during the year and they each gave 20' < 
f tlieir offerings for the year. 

The Bernal Society donated six pillows and a blanket. 
Mrs. Cortes donated another blanket and 1,000 pesos. 
Each society was reminded that they are to make two 
blankets or quilts during the year and bring tliem to 
the next Spiritual Conference. (These blankets and 
quilts are used by the students during the scliool year 
at the Bible Institute and also used during tlie confer- 
ences held at the institute grounds, i 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Tho new commission for the coming year is as 
follows : 

President: Amelia Arregin 
Vice President: Marie Labanca 
Treasurer: Rebeca Anton 
Secretary: Nellie Rivero 
Also at this meeting, some of the societies turned in 
their gifts that they had made for the wives of the 
pastors and missionaries. 

It was decided that the 2nd Women's Conference will 
be held September 19-21 at Eden. Each society will pay 
the way of their representative to this conference. Also 
at this conference, each society will turn in their offer- 
ing boxes. This money will b? used for tlie Evangelistic 

Mobile Equipment (Audio-Visual Trailer). A 2500 peso 
gift was given to Testigo Fiel (the official church mag- 
azine in Argentina) and a gift was given to Mrs. Anden- 
matten, whose husband was the guest speaker for the 
Spiritual Conference. 

For the following year each society will study the 
following themes at the specified time: 
April — Stewardship 
June — Missionary Work 
September — Evangelism 
We have felt the Lord's leading in the past and know 
that He will continue to guide us in this united pur- 
pose to serve Him. 

Nellie Rivero is the wife of Ricardo Rivero, Pastor of the Nunez 
Church, and they live in Buenos Aires in the headquarters building 


"If redemption is in our lives 
we are going to talk about it. 
We cannot keep it. As Christ 
gore Himself, we ore expect- 
ed also tp 9'*e ourselyes." 
- . ; . — -Noel Perkin 



■"piIE Bolingei-s who have been ht Nigeria at the 
•*■ Mbororo Station working- with the Higi people 
since July, 1966, are planning to return to the 
States the 13th of June for furlough. After a veiy 
short visit with their families, they will go to the 
Summer Institute of Linguistics at the University 
of Oklahoma, June 22, for study until the end of 
August. There is the possibility of an additional 
.study program thereafter and no deputation 
schedule is being considered at the present time. 




CHARLES KRAFT, who served as missionary td 
the Missionary Board of the Brethren Church! 
between 1957 and 1960, has an article appearing in thej 
April, 19S9, issue of World Vision magazine. He is a; 
leading expert on the Hausa language of Northern Nr 
geria and is presently visiting professor of linguistics' 
and African languages at U.C.L.A. as well as instructing 
at Fuller Theological Seminarj' in Pasadena, California. 
He had previously taught five years at Michigan State 
University. You'll find his article very interesting. 

April 26, 1969 

Page Fifteen 

The Ephrata Cloister 


•"pHE EPHRATA CLOISTER is located 
1 in what is now Lancaster County, 
Pennsylvania, and is owned and restored 
by the Pennsylvania Historical Society. 
It was founded by a German immigrant 
named Conrad Beissel, who split with the 
main body of the Brethren Church be- 
cause he became convinced that Saturday 
should be the Holy Day instead of Sim- 
day. The people accepted such Brethren 
doctrines as feetwashing and the love 
feast along with the Communion Service 
and baptism by triune immersion, how- 
ever, tradition holds that they baptized 
backward instead of forward. 

Conrad B?issel was born in 1690 in the 
Palatinate. He became an orphan at the 
age of eight and was cared for by his 
older brothers and sisters until he was 
old enough to be apprenticed. He was 
apprenticed to a baker who also played 
the Violin. At the age of twenty-five he 
was converted. He became a journeyman 
baker and served under a baker at Man- 
heim. His experience with his master's 
wife left him with an aversion to 
marriage. He moved to Heidelberg and 
served under another baker. Here he be- 
came associated with the Pietists and was 
arrested and put in prison. He was of- 
fered bail but refused it and was banished. 

He came to America in 1720 landing in 
Boston but later moving to Germantown, 
Pennsylvania. He had himself apprenticed 
to Peter Becker to learn the weaver's 
trade. In 1721 he moved to Conestoga 
County with George Stuntz to live a her- 
mit's life. They were soon joined by two 
others. The other three became tired of 
the hermit's life and left Beissel there 

The Brethren from Germantown began 
a visitation program and went to Con- 
estoga. Six people including Beissel were 
baptized. The Germantown Brethren in- 
structed the newly baptized people at 
Conestoga to support each other because 
they were too far away from German- 
town to receive support from them. This 
gave Beissel and his followers the oppor- 
timity they needed to exploit the situa- 
tion for their own purposes. Bessel was 
proposed as minister for the new congre- 
gation and was chosen unanimously. As 
soon as he began to preach, dissension 
arose which didn't stop with his death. 

When he conducted his first Lord's 
Supper, he was accompanied by two 
Judiazing Brethren. They were suspicious 
of pork and other unclean foods. Others 
were offended because they suspected 
that the Conestoga Brethren intended to 
revive Judiasm.' Beissel became con- 
vinced of the error in the choice of the 
day of worship. He thought that it should 
be Saturday instead of Sunday. After 
much discussion, many accepted the idea. 
He had recaived the idea from the re- 
mains of the Keithian Baptists.- When 
the Brethren learned that Beissel and 
his congregation were worshipping on 
Saturday they were at a loss to know 
what to do. At last they agreed to let 
them continue as long as they were so 
few in number. Some accused Becker of 
leaving too much power in the hands of 
new converts. 

The Brethren at Conestoga were openly 
in opposition to those at Germamtown. In 
August 1727 a visit was paid to the Con- 
estoga Brethren by the Germantown 
Brethren. The controversy centered in 
Falckner's Swamp. The Germantown 
group held a meeting there after receiv- 
ing information on happenings there from 
Brother Hildebrand who was under the 
ban of the Conestoga Brethren. (Tlie ban 
is similar to excommunication in the 
Catliolic Church. Those who are in good 
standing could have no association with 
those under the ban lest they be con- 
taminated and therefore subject to the 
ban themselves. I After learning of the 
meeting held by the Germantown people, 
the Conestoga group wrote them a sharp 
letter. The Germantown Brethren decided 
to hold another meeting and invite the 
Conestoga group to prove that they were 
not the kind of people they were accused 
of being. The Conestoga Brethren regard- 
ed the whole idea as a trick because those 
from Germantown arrived early. Rela- 
tions worsened and finally in 1728 the 
rupture came. Some at Conestoga re- 
mained loyal to those at Germantown and 
formed a separate congregation.' 

Beissel published a pamphlet giving his 
reasons for his belief in Sabbath worship. 
His congregation then openly adopted Sab- 
bath worship instead of worshipping on 
Sunday or secretly on Saturday. After 
declaring his independence, in 1728 Jan 

Page SLxteen 

The Brethren Evangelist . 

Meyle rebaptized him in Conestoga Creek 
and then Beissel rebaptized all who ad- 
hered to the ideas he propagated. Six in 
all were rebaptized. They regarded this 
rebaptism as "a giving back to the Breth- 
ren" their baptism.-* Basically the new 
church accepted the ideas of the old one 
except for worship on the Sabbath and 
the urging of a life of celibacy for its 

The Brethren at Conestoga were per- 
.secuted because they worshipped on Sat- 
urday and worked on Sunday. Some were 
fined, others had some of their horses and 
other property taken away from them, 
and others were put in prison. 

Alexander Mack, founder of the Breth- 
ren Cliurch, came to Pennsylvania in 1729 
and was told of the trouble caused by 
Beissel. He went to Conestoga along with 
several others to speak with Beissel. Beis- 
sel was purposely gone so Mack didn't 
get to talk to him. Another trip was mad? 
in 17.30. When they arrived in Falkner's 
Swamp, Beissel happened to be holding 
meetings there. Mack asked why they had 
been put under the ban. Mack suggested 
that they pray to find out who was the 
cause of the separation. Nothing was 
accomplished and Mack's party left. 

In 1730 Beissel published a book on 
matrimony and declared it to be the pen- 
itentary of carnal man and fully exposed 
the abominations committed in it. He de- 
nounced all marriages except that of 
"holy quiet soul devout with Jesus alone." 
Some didn't take to the celibate doctrine 
and differences arose. Ho recognized 
three classes of members in his spiritual 
household; the Householders or those 
who were married, the Solitary Brethren 
or those men who lived a single chaste 
life, and the Spiritual Virgins or those 
women who fled to him and placed them- 
selves under his guidance and vowed to 
live a pure, virgin life.'' 

In 1732 Beissel appointed elders for the 
church and instructed them to govern the 
congregation according to the New Testa- 
ment. He then moved eight miles away 
to a solitary spot which was to become 
the site of Ephrata. The congregation 
was split by many arguements while 
searching for a leader. Some tried to 
convince Beissel to return but he re- 
fused. * Seven months after Beissel left 
his congregation the second house was 
built to house some of his followers who 
had joined him to live in imitation of the 
sohtary life of an apostle." Soon after, 
two solitary sisters came and a house was 
built for them. This house was followed 
by a house for two more brothers, a bake 
house, and a supply house for the poor. 

After Beissel took in the two sisters, some 
husbands were deserted by their wives 
in order to take up the solitary state of 
the order. Beissel was attacked by the 
husband of a woman who had deserted 
him for the solitary life. He had his wife 
returned to him by force several times 
before he tried to kill Beissel. The mem- 
bers finally forced her to leave the con- 

In 1733 the Society of the Solitary was 
formed, a conventual life was adopted 
bj' those who chose to live a life of cele- 
bacy, and a monastery was built to house 
them. Cells in the convent were twenty 
inches wide with five foot ceilings. The 
passages were so narrow that two people 
couldn't pass in them.s The narrowness 
of the hallways symbolized the "strait 
and narrow" path of virtue; the low door- 
ways emphasized humility; and the lack 
of adornment stressed spiritual as opposed 
to material beauty. This was the reason 
for using narrow boards for beds and 
blocks of wood for pillows.' When Beissel 
adopted this form of life, he took a new 
name and gave new names to all who 
joined his movement. The society ad- 
ministered apostolic baptism, with triune 
immersion and the laying on of hands 
and celebrated the Lord's Supper after 
the close of the Sabbath, i" 

In 1734 they began building the village 
of Ephrata. There were a large group of 
Householders who lived at Ephrata. Each 
family lived on his own land. They par- 
ticiapated in the spiritual life of the 
community. Each family had its own cat- 
tle and planted its own crops. Finished it 
had between thirty and forty buildings 
and stood on 155 acres of land. Within it 
there were three places of worship; a 
chapel adjoining the sisters' apartments, 
another near the apartments of the broth- 
ers and a third common church where all 
worshipped together once a week. As 
early as 1745 the society had its own 
printing press and about the same time 
got a paper mill, a fulling mill, a saw mill, 
an oil mill, a book bindery and a grist 
mill. Members worked in common and 
held all goods in common. 

A singing school was the first school 
to be established. Seventy members of 
the Solitary were selected who had talent 
for singing. Beissel and a music master 
worked together on it for awhile then 
Beissel took over. Beissel ran it with 
great strictness. It was closed for awhile 
and then reopened. The Brethren were 
learned men. The school which they estab- 
lished soon gained an honorable reputa- 
tion. Young men were sent to study there 
from Baltimore and Philadelphia. A Sab- 

Page Seventeen 

bath School was also begun to educate the 
children of the Householders in religion.' ' 

A system was begun to win converts by 
a series of religious visits to various 
settlements. He drew numerous followers 
including such men as Conrad Weiser 
and Peter Miller. Settlements similar to 
the one at Ephrata were also begun at the 
Snow Hill Nunnery near Antietam, 

The death of Alexander Mack Sr. in 
1735, combined with a revival in German- 
town gave Beissel the opportunity he 
needed to attract more Germantown 
Brethren to his group. Mack's death left 
the leadership of the church in the hands 
of men who didn't always agree on policy. 

The congregation at Germantown paid 
Ephrata a visit. Those who were tired of 
the stiff life of the Cloister hoped that 
the visitors from Germantown would 
take up the form that was practiced at 
Ephrata so Beissel could be released from 
his vow and take up his hermit's life 

To some of the Solitary Brethren Beis- 
sel was next to God because it was 
through him that many of them were 
saved. They decided that he should be 
called father instead of brother as the 
rest were called. Calling Beissel father 
caused many quarrels between the Solitary 
and the Householders which continued as 
long as Beissel lived. Eventually he told 
them he wouldn't accept the title of father 
any longer. 

About 1740 they began to live a truly 
monastic life. Property was sinful, so 
everything was brought together in com- 
mon in support of a fund to supply their 
needs. (Necessity eventually forced a re- 
turn to ownership proving again that 
Communism doesn't work.) If one left the 
convent he forfeited all he contributed. 
The Brothers adopted the dress of the 
White Friars with some modifications 
and the Sisters were required to become 
nuns. The Householders also stopped 
wearing clothes like other people and both 
sexes adopted a new dress which differed 
from that of the Solitary only in color 
The Solitary wore white and the marrieds 
wore grey. All members of the Solitary 
took vows of celebacy. The Brothers all 
wore beards and cultivated land for a 
living. The Sisters did the sewing, knit- 
ting, spinning and weaving for the con- 
vent. Newcomers were called no\'ices and 
had to go through a year of probation 
before they could receive the dress of 
the order. 

When the Brothers' convent was built, 
Beissel decided that someone experienced 
in the spiritual life should be in charge. 

He intended the post for Israel Eckerlin 
but he and his brother wouldn't move in. 
Beissel pretended to appoint two less ex- 
perienced men. The Eckerlins regarded 
this as an insult but still only Gabriel 
moved in and became Prior. In 1740 Israel 
moved in and received the post in place 
of his brother. He was a hard taskmaster 
and a good businessman. His business in- 
sight gradually won him the support of 
the members and the jealousy of Beissel. 
An open rupture occurred and Beissel re- 
signed in a fit of anger. For nine months 
Eckerlin ruled the Society. Israel left and 
made a journey to Rhode Island with 
three others. When he returned the feud 
broke out again. At an election for Prior, 
Eckerlin was named to succeed himself. 
A rebellion arose and He was ordered to 
live at the fulling mUl. Finally he left 
the monastery. In 1750 he and his brother 
returned again. Dissension and bickering 
broke out again and once more the broth- 
ers left. 

Before the government among the Soli- 
tary was organized, Beissel held the 
purse. Whoever had money was to give 
it to him. He used it in such a way so that 
the settlement was always poor. After he 
died it was learned that he gave most of 
it to beggars. 

During the French and Indian War 
tliere were many soldiers at Ephrata. 
Fugitives were fleeing there to escape the 
French and Indians. Since daily messen- 
gers were bringing news of new atrosities, 
they discussed sending the Sisters farther 
east to a safer place but the women re- 
fused to go. Beissel had a dream that 
Ephrata would be spared from the Indians 
and it was. 

They believed that God sent them their 
problems and troubles as a punishment 
for their sins just as the Puritans did. 
They believed that the trouble with the 
Indians was a result of God's wrath upon 
the country because of its wickedness. 
As a result of the war a great revival 
took place. 

Beissel died in July of 1768. Peter Miller 
followed him as head of the Society. 
With the passing of Beissel the Society 
began to dwindle. Miller was a mild man- 
nered man and in spite of his learning he 
was not equal to Beissel as leader of the 
mystic society and handling the internal 
rivalries that arose. With Miller's death 
decadence set in. 

Beissel ruled his society with an iron 
hand. He banished all who opposed him 
and introduced the strict rules of the 
order. For example be began nightly di- 
vine services among the Solitary. They 
were called Night Watches and were held 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

at midnight because this was the hour 
they exp3Ctoci Christ to return. They last- 
ed four hours. At the close of the service 
they went immediately to their work for 
the day. He ordered everyone to examine 
himself privately in liis own cell on the 
sixth day of every week and then give 
Beissel a written report of his spiritual 
condition. These confessions were then 
read before the congregation on the fol- 
lowing Sabbath. These confessional papers 
were called Lectiones. i - 

Church organization made the celibate 
orders the most important part of the 
church. They held so much power over 
the Householders that they refused to 
have a married man as their minister. 
Beissel held the balance of power so he 
could try to prevent the Solitary from op- 
pressing the Householders. 

From their uncouth dress, the recluse 
and the ascetic life one might expect sour 
aspects and rough m.anners. Instead a 
smiling innocence and meekness graced 
their countenances and a soft tone and 
accent marked their conversation." Their 
singing was enchanting partly because of 
their voices and partly because of the 
variety and number of parts they sang 
and the devoted manner in which they 
performed. '^ 

The number of members of the Solitary 
varied because many became dissatisfied 
with the strictness of the order after their 
first feeling of devotion passed and would 
leave. Mostly they broke their vows of 
celebacy and went to live among the 
Householders. In 1740 there were thirty-six 
Solitary Brethren including Beissel. By 
1785 there were only seven. In 1740 there 
were thirty-four Solitary Sisters and only 
nine in 1785." At its peak in the 1750's 
there were about three hundred in the 
whole society. The men and women both 
had their superiors. The superiors of the 
men was called the superintendent and 
that of the women the abbess. 

They had some trouble with the child- 
ren of tlie Householders. They abondoned 

the simple dress for that of fashion. In 
May 1749 a day for fasting, repentance 
and prayer was appointed. All abuses 
were to be abolished. Parents were to 
burn the fashionable cloths of their 
children to try to reform them. A cer- 
tain group of young people became fed 
up with the actions of the others. They 
began to hold prayer meetings morning 
and evening to avoid the company of the 
others. Eventually they baptized each 
other in the water and held a love-feast 
and communion. The fathers of the com- 
munity saw that an overseer was appoint- 
ed for them. A house was begun for them 
but never finished. Beissel was asked to 
baptize them again which he did. Some 
in the community were opposed to the 
baptism because they said that Beissel 
wanted to begin the baptism of children 
again. 1 6 

Beissel was the head and front of the 
society. It began with him and began to 
decline with his death. The people who 
joined insisted upon a renounciation of 
the world and one's self. Their life, 
clothes, and food were limited to the 
barest of necessities. They held no pri- 
vate property or livestock. Their doors 
were always open to all visitors who 
were cordially received and entertained. 
During the Revolutionary War many 
soldier wounded at the Battle of Brandy- 
wine were nursed back to health. 

Ephrata made some lasting contribu- 
tions to the life and culture of Colonial 
America. Beginning in 1743, their press 
produced for nearly a century a steady 
output of books and tracts. Its most am- 
bitious work was the translation and 
printing of the 1,200 page Martyrs Mirror 
for the Mennonites.i' When Howe was in 
possession of Philadelphia the Continental 
money was printed on the Cloister press. 
Peter Miller translated the Declaration of 
Independence into seven European lang- 
uages. ' s Ephrata became the second great 
center of German-American printing and 
bookmaking trade in Colonial America. 


1. Lamech and Agrippa, Chronicon Ephratense, p. 32 

2. Donald Durnbaugh, The Brethren in Colonial Amer- 

ica, p. 113 

3. Ibid., p. 78-82 

4. Martin Brumbaugh, A History of the Brethren, 

p. 444 

5. Ibid., p. 445 

6. Ibid., p. 445 

7. Anonymous, "Sketch of the Order Founded by Con- 

rad Beis.sel and the Pending Lawsuit," The 
Brethren Evangelist, August 17, 1887, p. 6 

8. Ihid., p. 6 

9. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 

"The Ephrata Cloister" (pamphlet) 

10. The Brethren Evangelist, op. cit., p. 6 

11. Henry Holsinger, History of the Tunkers and the 

Brethren Church, p. 141 

12. Lamech and Agrippa, op. cit., p. 77-81 

13. Durnbaugh, op. cit., p. 113 

14. Holsinger, op. cit., p. 139 

15. Lamech and Agrippa, op. cit., p. 139 

16. Ibid., p. 216 

17. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 

op. cit. 

18. Brumbaugh, op. cit., p. 459 


Ankium. Freeman, Sidelights of Brethren History, El- 
gin, Illinois; The Brethren Press 1962 

April 36, 1969 

Page Nineteen 

Brumbaugh, Martm Grove, A History of tlie Bretliren, 
Mount Morris, Illinois; Brethren Publishing 
House 1889 (reprint 1961) 

Durnbaugh, Donald, The Brethren In Colonial America, 
Elgin, Illinois: The Brethren Press 1967. 

Brethren Evangelist, August 17, 1887 "Sketch of the 
Order Founded by Conrad Beissel and the 
Pending Lawsuit" 

Holsinger, Henry, History of the Tnnkers and the Breth- 
ren Church, Oakland, California: Pacific Press 
Publishing Company 1901 (reprint 1962) 

Lamech and Agrippa, Chronicon Ephratense, Translated 
by J. Max Hark, Lancaster, Pennsylvania: S. 
H. Zahm & Company 1889 

Mallott, Floyd E., Studies ui Brethren History, Elgin, 
Illinois: Brethren Publishing House 1954 

Miller, J. E., The Story of our Church, Elgin, Illinois: 
Brethren Publishing House 1957 (revised and 
enlarged ed.) 

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 
"Ephrata Cloister" Harrisonburg, Pennsylvan- 
ia 1962 



The article herein presented, "Putting Man In (Space) His Place" is the 
work of the secretary of our N. L. 0. brother George Schuster. Thought 
provoking; recommended reading. F. S. B. 

RECENTLY WE HEARD MAN read from the Book 
of Genesis far out in space, practically from the 
surface of the moon in tact. In spite of the controversy 
over the reading of Scripture from space, this must 
be considered a great step in many directions in the 
exploration of God's universe. Perhaps some exploring 
needs be done to find out where man could have been 
in the past and where he should be today, but not from 
a geographical standpoint. Perhaps Psalms 8 can pro- 
vide the best basis Scripturaliy for putting man in his 

Shakespeare may have been consciously or uncon- 
sciously influenced by this Psalm as he wrote the words 
to Hamlet. A portion of Act II may serve as an exam- 
ple. "What a piece of work is man! how noble in 
reason: how infinite in faculty; in form and moving 
how express and admirable; in action how like an 
angel; in apprehension how like a god; the beauty of 
the world; the paragon of animals!" On the other hand. 
Jonathan Swift looks rather contrastingly at man from 
what is evident in reading from "Gulliver's Travels" — 
"I cannot but conclude the bulk of your natives to be 
the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that 
nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the 

History of man I'eveals that both observations of 
man's behavior may have equal merit. Man has done 
many noble things, he has made many remarkable dis- 

coveries and has climbed liigh on the ladder of civil- 
ization. But he has also descended deep into the pit 
of degradation. All the examples of callousness, bru- 
tality, viciousness that have marked man's existence 
on earth provide food for thought that although he has 
progressed far in materialism, man must also bear the 
stigma that "Gulliver's Travels" has placed upon him. 
In order to properly put man in his place the ques- 
tion found in the fourth verse of Psalm 8 must be prop- 
erly answered. The question, "What Is man . . .?" This 
question can be answered in at least four ways. 

1. He is nothing without God. 

2. Man is God's chief creation. 

3. Man is ruler over God's earth. 

4. And most important of all, man is truly portray- 
ed only by Jesus Christ. 

Let us walk up and down these four avenues and get 
a pedestrian's view of both sides of the streets. 

First Avenue reveals that in seeking to tell us who 
man is, the Psalmist begins and ends Psalm 8 with 
praises to God. But praising God was not the only 
purpose for these two verses. They were to put man in 
Ills proper setting. They remind us that man assumes 
importance onlj' when scon in the light of God's con- 
cern for him. Both sides of this street serve as evidence 
that man by himself is nothing. The Psalmist surely 
must have been aware of this even in his day: that 
man is a poor, feeble creature compared to the rest of 

I'age Twenty 

The Brethren Evangelist 

God's creation. Lately, the space probes and pictures 
sent back from space serve as excellent examples of 
man's diminutiveness. 

It has been said that all the humans existing on this 
earth could be squeezed into a box one quarter of a 
mile square. And if such a box could be set on the rim 
of the Grand Canj'on and a strong wind could set it 
rolling that it would be the end of humanity. Whether 
this estimate is correct or not, it is close enough to 
portray man's little cubicle in the vast universe of God. 
At this particular point we are comparing man to the 
sun, moon, and stars, etc. But if we were to compare 
him with other creatures dwelling on earth, he still 
would not fare too well. He certainly is not the largest 
or strongest of animals, he cannot fl.v with tlie skill of 
a bird. Much training is required to land an airplane 
on a strip of concrete let alone try to light on a tele- 
phone wire at top speed. Dogs can detect sounds and 
have a sense of smell that is far beyond the capacity 
of man's ability to do so. Even a lowly and slow moving 
animal such as the turtle outlives him. He would not 
even stand a chance in a footrace with a cheeta. His 
mediocrity is even more pronounced in his attempted 
accomplishments without God. 

Perhaps we are painting man in an abstract fashion, 
as a distorted image of what the painting is supposed 
to portray. But we can easily put out of our minds an 
ugly picture if we replace the abstract with the pic- 
ture of man as the Psalmist paints him: man as he 
was intended to be from the very beginning, a little 
lower than the angels. 

As we proceed around the corner to 2nd Avenue, we 
find that man seems to ignore the importance of God 
creating him in His own image. He forgets that he is 
endowed with the blessing of being the only creature on 
earth bearing the stamp of God's nature. This image 
of course has been marred and in a sense lost by man's 
fall into sin. But just as we can trace the lines of a 
great city by looking at its ruins, so can we catch a 
glimpse of man's true nature by observing him as he 
is today. How can we come to such a conclusion? First, 
by noting that man is a moral being. Human beings 
are usually concerned about what is right and wrong. 
Sometimes a few act as though they do not know the 
difference. Animals seem to possess no conscience. One 
can train certain animals to perform tricks and obey 
through punishment and reward, but there is no moral 
value implied in the actions. 

Man is made to understand through the Holy Scrip- 
tures his position in God's eyes, and even though his 
understanding is warped by sin, he still concerns him- 
self about his actions. 

Secondly, man is religious. This is not the same as 
being moral. It might be possible for a man to be just 
and honest without thought of religion, but something 
in man's nature seems to long for a god. No nation 
has ever been completely godless. Even the Commun- 
ists have had to admit partial failure in this respect. 

A third observation may be made about man that he 
is separated from the rest of God's creation. At first 
the Psalmist is impressed by God's great wonders, the 
sun, moon, and stars. Then he quickly realizes that 
man is different. That he is created from the dust of 
the earth, yet is endowed with the breath of God. 

Although from a physical standpoint he may possess 

similar characteristics of the animal world, i. e., living 
in the same world, breathing the same air, eating some 
of the same foods, he nevertheless has been created by 
God as a special creature and cannot be understood 
except in that light. With this in mind we must come to 
an obvious conclusion that man continues to be God's 
sp3Cial concern. Although Psalm 8 was written after 
man's sinful fall, there is no indication given that God 
has no more concern about His creation, man. Need 
wo any further proof of this than the passage of Scrip- 
ture found in the 7th verse of the 12th chapter of Luke? 
"But even the very li^airs of your head are all num- 
bered. Fear not tlierefore: ye are of more value than 
many sparrows." 

The greatest compliment bestowed upon mankind was 
the atonement of Christ. One does not redeem that 
which is of no value. If you were to lose a scrap of pa- 
per upon which you were doodling while engaged in a 
telephone conversation, you might easily forget about 
it; but misplace or lose a valuable diamond ring and 
no attempt to find it is too strenuous. God saw the 
pinnacle of His creation fall into sin and the history 
of salvation shows man's importance in the sight of 

The third street we walk presents a window shopping 
tour which displays how man is ruler of this earth. 
Every now and then some crackpot comes up with a 
far out idea that man has just about come to the end 
of the line on this planet. He is pictured about to de.s- 
troy himself and the candidates to succeed him are 
picked out. Insects, rats, and even cats have been desig- 
nated as man's successors on earth. 

The Psalmist has been divinely inspired to write, 
"Thou hast given him dominion over the works of tliy 
hands; Tliou hast put all tilings under liis feet." Has 
God ever reneged on a promise? 

Man today may be on the verge of ruling over more 
than the Psalmist has enumerated, as we see how he is 
delving into space, and is penetrating the secrets of 
the physical world. But this i-ulership must not be taken 
for granted. Even in space he must remember his place. 

Man is not the owner of this planet, nor any other 
he may inhabit in the future. He is merely the steward 
or custodian. It is not handed to him on a silver platter 
to use or misuse as he wishes. He merely is to oversee 
it for a little while then others follow to look after it 
for their short span of life. 

The Rubaiyat by Omar Khayyam strikingly portrays 
the truth of this with these words: 

"Think, in this batter'd Caravanserai 

Whose portals are alternate Night and Day, 
How Sultan after Sultan with his pomp 

Abode his destined hour, and went his way." 

Therefore, it may be safely assumed that if man is 
merely a steward of God's possessions, he will even- 
tually be required to find his place in line to give an 
account of his use of the earth. How many of us today 
will have to answer for the pollution of the streams 
and the air? How many of us will be called upon to 
admit or deny the accusation of littering of the high- 
ways and the surrounding countryside? How many of 
us will be held responsible for the disappearance of 
much of the 5 or 6 inches of topsoil that civilization 
depends upon for its existence? 

In passing we might add that man should never 

April 26, 1969 

Page Twenty-one 

cease to be humble. Man has been placed as ruler ol 
the earth, true, he has been given certain abilities to 
create with things placed before him by God. He has 
been able to compose beautiful music, privileged to 
write exquisite poetry, endowed with talent to produce 
wonderful worlds of art. If all these accomplishments 
of man show nothing but pride in himself, then let man 
look toward heaven once more for the real source of 
his accomplishments. 

We now enter the last street of exploration for the 
answer to what is man. Here we find the tallest build- 
ing of all. That man is truly portrayed only by Jesus 
Christ. In the New Testament Scriptures, particularly 
the boolc of Hebrews, Corintliians, and Ephesians, por- 
tions of the Sth Psalm are quoted, and are presented as 
prophetic portions of the life, ministry, and death of 
Jesus Christ. 

The glorious picture the Psalmist paints of man is 
not one that portrays man as he is today. That picture 

is more on the order of the one found described in "Gul- 
liver's Travels." But in Jesus Clirist man existed as God 
intended him to be. Jesus shows us what human life 
should be Uke. He and He alone demonstrates the pur- 
ity, the love, the willingness to serve which should be 
characteristic of all human beings. He is the second 
Adam, the One who reveals what Adam was intended to 
be and what man could have been if sin had not come 
upon this earth. 

Although much effort is being made by many to put 
man in space, it behooves every single one of us to 
put ourselves in our place. That place that has been 
promised to us. That place that establishes us as made 
"A little lower than the angels." Then, superior to 
angels, first of all, because of being made in the image 
of God. Secondly, joined personally with God when He 
became man in the person of Jesus Christ; so that, 
thirdly, we might be joint-heirs with Him throughout 
eternity (i.e., becoming judges over the angels— I Cor 



HERE IT IS, approximately six months since Con- 
ference, and I'm wondering how the boys and 
young men of our Brethren denomination, and you 
boys and young men of the National Brotherhood Or- 
ganization are progressing. We realize that we don't 
have too many local church Brotherhood Organizations, 
but we also want you to realize that our interest is 
for evjry boy and young man that is seeking and 
searching for God's way by His Word. Are you inter- 
ested enough to make a definite effort by committing 
yourself lo God's guidance? Are you concerned enougli 
to an individual dedication to allow Him to lead you 
pe.'sonally into the paths of service that are available? 

Are you willing to pray for the ones you meet that 
they may come to know Jesus Christ as their Savior? 
Are you anxious lo witness to others of the saving 
jrace of our Lord? Do you testily by your words, 
ihoughts. deeds, and actions to schoolmates, neighbors 
ind relatives? If you enjoy Christian fellowship, then 
/ou should be eager to share with others this wonder- 
ful born-again relationship that is God directed, Christ 
centered and Holy Spirit filled. 

We read in our constitution as follows: The object 
->f this organization shall be to promote among the 
/oung men and boys of the Brethren Church planned 
Bible study, missionary zeal and inspiration to walk in 
he Spirit and bear the "fruit of the Spirit" which is 
'love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, 
aith, meekness, temperance" (Gal. 5:22 1. This purpose 
:an only be a reality by each of us personally seeing 
hat we discipline self to its obedience. 

If you have not received copies of the revised con- 
titution (revised 1968), or you need copies of the 

Young Men and Boys' Brotherhood Goals, send your 
roguest to Elder Bradley Weidenhamer, 314 East Plym- 
outh Avenue, Goshen, Indiana 46526. Brother Brad is 
secretary of the Advisory Board, and tlie writer of the 
monthly devotional meetings that appear in The Breth- 
ren Evangelist under the title "Survey of the Bible." 
The articles are prepared to present you fellows a 
definite view of the Bible, and what each section of the 
Bible contains. They are written in such a way that 
each member can fiU in answers to questions, and also 
that the questions may be discussed as a gi'oup. 

Boys, if you are not receiving The Brethren Evangel- 
ist in your home, here is an opportunity to show that 
you are capable and concerned enough by paying for 
the subscription yourself. If you have brothers, the 
cost ($4 per year) could be shared. Many of you have 
jobs, allowances, paper routes, and opportunities to do 
this. It would be good stewardship for you to utilize 
this opportunity if possible. 

Last year there was one young man from Ashland, 
Ohio, who personally gave $10 of his money for the 
Project Offering. This is being used for lab supplies in 
Nigeria. What a wonderful way for this person to 
desire his money to be used for medicine for people 
lie doesn't know, and people he probably will never 
meet. This is Christian stewardship in action. 

This year the project you voted on is the Argentina 
Radio Technician ($350) and also to raise $125 for an 
Ashland Theological Seminary student. This aid to a 
Seminary student is a continuous yearly project, and 
one for which the Brotherhood Organization is to be 
commended. Perhaps this year you might consider 
raising the yearly sum to $150. Pray about this and let 

Page Twenty-Uvo 

us hear from >'ou (by letter or by your voice at Gen- 
eral Conference). 

Make J'our plans now to attend General Conference, 
the dates are August 18-24. Dave Barnhart and Paul 
Deardurff met with us in Williamstovvn, Ohio, m Jan- 
uary, to start planning for this year's conference pro- 
gram In February the Advisory Board met in Muncie, 
Indiana, for further planning. There is much corres- 
pondence going on now, and it seems that an interest- 
ing and challenging brotherhood program is being 
planned. Are we able to count on you being present to 
make it a success? There will be special appeal and 
emphasis this year for your personal Christian life 
and living. 

The Bible Sword Drill will be continued, but will be 
held at other times than the 8 to 9 a.m. sessions. Practice 
and plan now for entering the Junior or Senior Bible 
Sword Drill. 

We want your presence at General Conference, and 
we're praying that you will be concerned enough to 
get to bed" early so that you will be in attendance at the 
8 a.m. sessions, physically awake, mentally alert, and 
spiritually attuned for the program being prepared. 
Did you behave yourself as Christian young men should 
last year in your conduct on the conference grounds as 
well as in your rooms? 

Join with us in pra\'er that souls will be strengthened 
and souls won for Jesus Christ. We would ask your 
prayers for young men to be led into full-time service 
for the ministry. Life Work Recruits, or Brethren Ser- 
vice Opportunities. Our prayers also should be that you 
boys and young men will choose girls who have accepted 
the Lord as their Savior, girls who are proclaiming 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Jesus and His salvation. When you choose these dedi- 
cated girls as your mates, they certainly will be a step- 
ping stone rather than a stumbling block. 

Next month I want to write concerning the goals for 
this year. Subscribe to The Brethren Evangelist so that 
you will have the programs, news letters and other 
articles in your homes. See you in print next month. 
In Christian Love and Service, 
"Virgil L. Barnhart 


FIFTY-TWO men and boys turned out for their semi- 
annual joint get-together to enjoy a ham dinner 
in the Vinco Church Fellowship House, Tuesday, March > 
11, 1969. After dinner the males joined in spirited sing- 
ing led by the church's music director, and three young 
men from our senior brotherhood organization favored 
us with a trumpet trio. Rev. Henry Bates then led in 
devotions, bringing the group another edifying talk 
and praver. 

We then had the priviledge of watching moving pic- 
tures of two different large game hunting trips taken 
by a neighbor when he hunted in the Yukon and British 
Columbia Territory. 

This meeting was another great success, and the 
Vinco Brethren would like to recommend that any 
church not having a Laymen's Organization or Boys' 
Brotherhood, organize at once. 

James I. Mackall 

World Religious News 

in Review 


Washington, D.C. (EP) — Letters 
urging the President not to appoint 
an ambassador or a personal repre- 
sentative to the Vatican have de- 
luged the White House staff. 

The issue has stirred more re- 
sponse from the U.S. citizenry in all 
quarters than any other in the first 
month of the Ni.xon administration. 

The response is enough for the 
President to halt further consider- 
ation of the move, sources said. Mr. 
Nixon has been under pressure from 
the Vatican to restore the relations 

which ended nearly 20 years ago in 
1950. Some believe President Nixon 
was looking for the stacks of mail 
to show the American Roman Cath- 
olic clergy why he, like President 
Truman, would have to drop the 


Dallas (EP) — The number one 
killer of Southern Baptist ministers 
and denominational employees is 
heart disease, according to statistics 
released by the Southern Baptist An- 
nuity Board here. 

Last yeai' heart disease increased' 
its lead as chief cause of death, 
claiming the lives of 65 per cent of 
members of the SBC Protection Pro- 
gram — an increase of eight per cent \ 
over the 1967 figure. 

Eighteen per cent of the deaths 
were caused by cancer. 


Charlotte, N.C. (EP) ~ United 
Methodist churches in the Western 
North Carolina annual conference 
have been urged to set a minimum 
salary goal of $8,000 for pastors tc 
meet a "salary crisis" among clergy 

Bishop Earl G. Hunt, Jr. and his: 
district superintendent also caUec 
upon conference agencies to cut bud 
gets by 10 per cent during 1969-7C, 
and to channel resultant savings ini 
to minimum salary support. 

"The failure of 80 per cent of ous 
charges to provide the figure regard' 
ed as modestly adequate for a paS' 
tor's salary in these days of hurtinf 

April 26, 1969 

Page Twenty-three 

inflation lias plunged our conference 
into a salary crisis," said the bishop. 
Bishop Hunt warned that unless a 
minister receives sufficient salary 
to provide basic care and security 
for his family, "he is in poor posi- 
tion to give his best leadership to 
the charge." 


Los Angreles (EP) — The man 
who admittsd knifing his girl friend 
to death to exorcise his dead moth- 
er's "evil spirit" has been ordered 
to undergo a hearing to determine 
whether he is now sane. 

The former UCLA graduate stu- 
dent. Joseph Gonzales, may be re- 
leased from custody if the hearing 

; finds him sane. 

At the time of his arrest last sum- 
mer, Gonzales told police he had 
stabbed Miss Rita Letsinger, a 
multilingual Slavic languages major, 
because lie believed his dead mot- 
her's "evil spirit" was dwelling in 
the girl's body. His purpose was, he 
said, "to free the spirit" by killing 
the girl. 


[calls church councils to 
combat anti-semitism 

Los Angeles (EP) — The National 
Council of Churches and the Nation- 
al Conference of Catholic Bishops 
need to do more to combat anti-sem- 
itism among Negroes, says the 
president of the United Synagogue 
of America. 

"B'ack anti-semitism is really not 
against Jews," Henry N. Rap- 
laport of New York stated. "It's a- 
gainst white supremacy. If they 
can attack a small group success- 
fully, they can whittle away at the 
white establishment." 

Rapaport, whose organization rep- 
resents approximately 1.5 million 
Conservative Jews, told a news con- 
ference here that Christian organ- 
izations are "strangely silent" on the 


Baldwin, Kans. (EP) — Thirty 
wo years ago a Methodist pastor 
olii newly weds Mr. and Mrs. Al- 
ien E. Leake of Kansas City that in 
ieu of giving him a cash fee, they 
;hould send their first child to 
iakcr, a Methodist-oriented univer- 
it\ liere. 

The parents made good on the 
iiumise, and today Susie Leake, 18, 

is a freshman at Baker, fulfilling 
the promise of a generation ago. 


Washington, D.C. (EP) — Inter- 
national religious leaders paid trib- 
ute to former President Dwight 
Eisenhower who died here March 28 
after a lengthy illness. 

In Geneva, Eugene Carson Blake 
said that Mr. Eisenhower was "a 
great man despite the carping crit- 
icism of many intellectuals during 
and after his administration as 
President . . ." 

Evangelist Billy Graham called 
the 34th President "the greatest 
American since Lincoln." 

Pope Paul VI addressed his mes- 
sage to President Richard Nixon: 
". . . We offer you heartfelt condol- 
ences on the loss of this, your dear 
friend and mentor, and our sym- 
pathy to the nation on the bereave- 
ment of this distinguished states- 

Tens of thousands stood in long 
lines, many for hours in freezing 
weather, in a farewell to a man the\- 
respected as reflecting the heart and 
spirit of the nation. 

Two thousand invited guests 
crowded into Washington Cathedral 
in the late afternoon of March 31 
for the funeral. Between 8,000 and 
10,000 persons stood outside. The 
brief service followed the order of 
the Episcopal Church found in the 
Book of Common Prayer. 

No eulogy was offered. Presiding 
was Dr. Edward L. R. Elson. pastor 
of the National Presbyterian Church 
and chaplain of the U.S. Senate. 
Quotation of Holy Scripture formed 
a lengthy part of the service. 

Of the General's widow, Dr. Elson 
said, "She was a great source of 
strength ... a strong person in 
every way, a great Christian." 

The body of General Eisenhower 
was laid to rest in his hometown of 
Abilene, Kansas. 


Monroe, Wise. (EP) — Charges 
have been lodged against three Old 
Order Amish fathers for failure to 
permit their high-school aged child- 
ren to attend public school. 

The Amish claim their children 
attend their own training school, 
which meets one afternoon a week 
for written work and requires the 

students to spend the rest of their 
time training to be Amish farmers 
and housewives. 

The suit, filed by district super- 
intendent of schools Kenneth J. 
Glewen, claims the state law does 
not allow on-the-job training until 
the student is 16, and that the Amish 
program is therefore illegal. 

The Amish communit\-, which 
settled in New Glarus, Wise, in late 
1964, had enrolled their children in 
the public school at that time. But 
following a controversy over the 
school requirement that shorts be 
worn in gym classes, the Amish 
built two of their own schools and 
removed 36 of their children from 
tlie public school, contending that 
their children were learning values 
detrimental to their ov.'n wav of 


Atlanta (EP) — The Rev. David 
Abernathy, president of the South- 
ern Christian Leadership Confer- 
ence, said here that he believes "in 
an integrated society." 

Successor to Dr. Martin Luther 
King, Mr. Abernathy told an inter- 
viewer that he did not think black 
people must abandon all their own 
institutions and adopt white for- 
mats. But, he added, "the only way 
that we can build the beloved com- 
munity that I envision is through 
the desegregated society." 

He described his goal as an 
America "where every man, regard- 
less of his previous conditions of 
servitude is respected because of his 
worth and dignity, his somebody- 
ness, and he is given a chance to 
participate fully in the society." 

The American Baptist clergyman 
talked about his philosophy and the 
plans of the SCLC with reporter 
Bruce Galphin of Tlie W|a.shington 


Washing-ton, D.C. (EP) — Dwight 
David Eisenhower was "a great man 
and a good man," the "symbol of 
decency and hope" to the world's 
millions. President Richard Nixon 
said as he led the nation in paying 
tribute to the former President and 
General of the Army who died 
March 28. 

"He was a man of great strength," 
said President Nixon who served 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

as Vice President in the Eisenliower 
Administration (1952-1960), "but it 
always seemed to me tliat two qual- 
ities stood out above all in both his 
public and his private life: one was 
an unwavering sense of duty: the 
other was that whatever he did, he 
did because he believed it was 


Washinj,^on, D.C. (EP) — Defense 
Secretary Melvin R. Laird overruled 
the Army and approved the use of 
the words "God" and "Supreme 
Being" in compulsory military guid- 
ance programs by chaplains. 

Laird stated: "With regard to 

cliaracler-guidance programs within 
tlie mihtary departments, I want to 
state that there will be no prohibi- 
tion against the use of 'God,' 'Su- 
preme Being,' 'Creator,' 'faith,' 'spir- 
itual values' or similar words." 

In December the Army had prom- 
ised the Civil Liberties Union that 
such words would be deleted from 
the character-guidance manual be- 
cause that program is separate from 
the services' religious programs. 

Secretary Laird explained that 
military services "consistently have 
adhered to the position espousal of 
religious dogmas or particular sec- 
tarian beliefs is not the purpose and 
has no place in the character-guid- 

ance program. 

But he said he felt reference to 
the terms stated above are "appro- 


Rome (EP) — The foot of St. 
Theresa of Avila has come home. 

It was stolen from a church earl- 
ier but recovered when a parish t 
priest here was tipped off by an i 
anonymous caller.